... problems and collect NTFPs ** in ** a safe and sustainable manner, ** collectors ** may have some ** willingness ** ** to ** ** pay ** (WTP) The objective ** of ** this study is ** to ** estimate the average WTP ** of ** ** asparagus ** ** collectors ** ** for ** ... ** to ** investigate your perceptions and WTP ** for ** each scenario (ii) Pre-testing ** of ** questionnaire and its final setting Before formulating the exact wording ** of ** the question, two meetings ** of ** ** collectors ** ... dwellers’ (Bankaria ** in ** Nepali language), with some still living within the forest The Praja and Tamang have been involved ** in ** ** asparagus ** collection and selling since 1967 (Maraseni 2002) and thus ** in ** this...

- 7
- 213
- 0

... involved gathering ** the ** data for use ** in ** training and testing ** the ** ** neural ** network ** A ** large training data reduces ** the ** risk ** of ** under-sampling ** the ** nonlinear function, but increases ** the ** training time ... learn ** the ** database, and to predict ** the ** properties ** of ** consolidation SELECTION ** OF ** ** STRAIN ** ** RATE ** r= V − Vmin Vmax − Vmin Data Collection Data Normalization Parametric Studies (3) Training and Testing ... verify ** the ** applicability ** of ** MANN model, ** a ** total ** of ** 46 data ** of ** ** the ** consolidation ** test ** results are used 43 learning data are used for training ** the ** ANN model, and ** the ** others are used for ** the ** comparison...

- 5
- 212
- 0

... by taking ** the ** square roots ** of ** ˆ ** the ** diagonal elements ** of ** ** the ** covariance matrix Σn GLS ** The ** values ** of ** ** the ** weights involved in ** the ** GLS ** estimation ** depend on ** the ** values ** of ** ** the ** ﬁtted model These values ... reported by ** the ** CDC in ** the ** US during ** the ** 1999–00 season [12] ** The ** ** number ** ** of ** H3N2 cases (isolates) is displayed as a function ** of ** time Time is measured as ** the ** ** number ** ** of ** weeks since ** the ** start ** of ** ** the ** year’s ... ﬁnal part ** of ** ** the ** ** outbreak ** ** data,** as there is often a period lasting ten or more weeks when there are few cases We investigated whether ** the ** removal ** of ** ** the ** lowest-valued points ** from ** ** the ** ** data ** sets would...

- 22
- 296
- 0

... possibility ** of ** determining emissions not only ** from ** ** the ** engines, but also ** from ** evaporation ** of ** fuel However, it is not always possible to find a tunnel close or inside ** the ** ** city ** were ** the ** emissions ... (1) ** in ** which, C is ** the ** concentration ** of ** a particular pollutant ** in ** ** the ** street (g/m3 or mg/m3); E is ** the ** ** emission ** ** of ** ** the ** pollutant ** from ** ** road ** ** traffic ** ** in ** ** the ** street; F is a function describing ** the ** ... Comparison with ** the ** other studies ** in ** ** the ** world shows that ** the ** ** emission ** ** factors ** ** of ** NOx for MC ** in ** this study is not different with ** the ** study ** in ** Taiwan [17, 18] Similarly, ** the ** ** emission ** ** factors ** ** of ** NOx for...

- 9
- 311
- 1

... presentation ** of ** ** the ** data and their sources, as well as variables applied to ** the ** model, including ** the ** approach to ** estimation;** A presentation ** of ** ** the ** results ** of ** ** the ** analysis; ** The ** discussion ** of ** ** the ** results including ... less than 0.5% ** in ** most ** countries ** and by 1% ** in ** ** the ** Russian Federation By 2015, ** the ** percentage reduction ** in ** GDP would be over 5% ** in ** ** the ** Russian Federation and l around 1% ** in ** ** the ** other ** countries ** ** The ** ... ** in ** China, India, Pakistan and ** the ** United Republic ** of ** Tanzania than ** in ** Canada and ** the ** United Kingdom (See table 3) 12 6% Figure 2: Annual income loss from deaths due to heart disease stroke, and...

- 21
- 215
- 0

... nB is ** the ** number ** of ** bonds; N, Avogadro's number; l,, ** the ** length ** of ** ** the ** repeat unit; and V, ** the ** molar volume ** The ** theoretical brittle stress is then ** the ** number ** of ** bonds times ** the ** strength ** of ** an ... dependence ** of ** a polymer is strongly related to ** the ** entanglement ** molecular ** weight Above 2Me, ** the ** viscosity ** of ** ** the ** melt increases as ** the ** 3.4 power ** of ** ** the ** ** molecular ** weight In ** the ** glass, ** the ** ** mechanical ** ... can be calculated ** from ** only four basic ** molecular ** ** properties ** These are ** the ** ** molecular ** weight, van der Waals volume, length ** of ** ** the ** repeat unit, and ** the ** Tgof ** the ** polymer Since these ** properties ** are based...

- 21
- 188
- 1

... ** Dilemmas ** ** in ** ** the ** ** reliable ** ** estimation ** ** of ** ** the ** ** in-** vitro ** cell ** ** viability ** ** in ** ** magnetic ** ** nanoparticle ** ** engineering: ** ** which ** ** tests ** ** and ** ** what ** protocols? Clare Hoskins1, Lijun Wang*1, Woei Ping Cheng2 ** and ** ... either ** the ** presence ** of ** ** the ** MNPs both intracellular ** and ** on ** the ** membrane ** of ** ** the ** cells or ** the ** nanoparticles themselves interfere with ** the ** reagents ** In ** our experiments, wells with nanoparticles (intracellular ... were occurring between ** the ** assay systems ** and ** ** the ** nanoparticles, resulting ** in ** incorrect ** cell ** ** viability ** evaluation To further understand ** the ** cytotoxic effect ** of ** ** the ** nanoparticles on these cells, reactive...

- 22
- 223
- 0

... number), ** in ** ** the ** order ** of ** ** the ** highest to ** the ** lowest sensitivity To make ** the ** adjustment ** of ** ** the ** net influence ** of ** each ** of ** ** the ** remaining ** parameters ** on ** the ** already selected ** parameters,** all ** of ** ** the ** original ... total ** of ** 54 ** parameters ** All ** the ** 54 known ** parameters ** were used initially ** for ** developing ** the ** synthetic measurement data ** In ** testing both ** the ** ** identifiability ** ** analysis ** and ** the ** ** parameter ** ** estimation,** 12 ** of ** ... when these ** parameters ** are included ** The ** main reason ** for ** this is that these ** parameters ** are somehow dependent on ** the ** remaining ** parameters ** ** In ** ** the ** case ** of ** Km11Suc, an exhaustive functional ** analysis ** with...

- 8
- 158
- 0

... ** the ** ** phase ** oﬀset ** of ** ** the ** channel ** The ** proposed method ** of ** ** blind ** ** estimation ** ** of ** ** the ** ** phase ** oﬀset is based on a MAP approach in ** the ** sense ** of ** maximizing ** the ** probability that a ** phase ** θ corresponds to ** the ** ... denotes ** the ** number ** of ** rows in ** the ** parity check matrix ** of ** ** the ** code, uk is ** the ** number ** of ** nonzero elements in ** the ** kth row ** of ** ** the ** parity check matrix ** and ** niter is ** the ** number ** of ** iterations ** of ** ** the ** optimization ... Let us take ** the ** example ** of ** ** phase ** oﬀset ** estimation ** ** and ** discuss ** the ** results ** and ** parameters ** of ** Figure In this ﬁgure, ** the ** MSE curves ** of ** ** the ** HDD ** and ** ** the ** algorithm ** of ** (34) were obtained ** for ** N = nc =...

- 13
- 190
- 0

... ** of ** factors including an increase ** in ** ** the ** coating diameter upon addition ** of ** ** the ** PEG moiety [33], thus increasing ** the ** stability ** of ** ** the ** nanoparticles ** and ** further shielding ** the ** cells from ** the ** iron oxide ... either ** the ** presence ** of ** ** the ** MNPs both intracellular ** and ** on ** the ** membrane ** of ** ** the ** cells or ** the ** nanoparticles themselves interfere with ** the ** reagents ** In ** our experiments, wells with nanoparticles (intracellular ... [35-38] ** In ** order to achieve a more ** in-** depth understanding ** of ** ** the ** degree ** of ** cytotoxicity ** of ** ** the ** MNPs, we also investigated ** the ** effect ** the ** polymer-coated nanoparticles had on ** the ** integrity ** of ** ** the ** cell...

- 12
- 214
- 0

... ** estimation ** ** of ** ** multicomponent ** ** LFM ** ** signal ** can be realized by ** the ** CPF ** The ** principle ** of ** ** detection ** ** and ** parameters ** estimation ** ** of ** single ** LFM ** ** signal ** is presented For ** multicomponent ** ** LFM ** ** signal,** ** the ** CLEAN ... ** detection ** ** of ** ** the ** “autoterms.” Remark ** The ** ** phase ** information ** of ** ** the ** ** LFM ** ** signal ** is neglected in this paper, because in most situations, ** the ** characteristics ** of ** ** LFM ** ** signal ** are determined by ** the ** chirp ... be studied (6) Theorem For ** multicomponent ** ** LFM ** ** signal,** there exist ** the ** “cross-terms” in ** the ** CPF, but this will not inﬂuence ** the ** ** detection ** ** and ** ** parameter ** ** estimation ** ** of ** ** the ** “autoterms.” where v(n)...

- 7
- 191
- 0

... with ** In ** ** the ** second example, we investigate ** the ** performance ** of ** ** the ** SC-ML and ** the ** AC-ML ** in ** estimating ** the ** ** DOA ** ** of ** a single source ** in ** ** the ** ** presence ** ** of ** ** nonuniform ** ** sensor ** noise ** The ** setting ** of ** ** the ** simulation ... CONCLUSION ** In ** this paper, we address ** the ** problem ** of ** ** maximum ** ** likelihood ** ** DOA ** ** estimation ** ** of ** ** multiple ** ** wideband ** ** sources ** ** in ** ** the ** ** presence ** ** of ** ** nonuniform ** ** sensor ** noise A new closed-form expression ** of ** ** the ** CRB ... as ** the ** linear and nonlinear parameters, respectively, since ** the ** noise corrupted data X(k) is linear ** in ** S(k) but nonlinear ** in ** Θ DERIVATION ** OF ** ** THE ** ** WIDEBAND ** ** MAXIMUM-** ** LIKELIHOOD ** ** DOA ** ESTIMATOR AND THE...

- 12
- 136
- 0

... between L0 ** to ** a maximum ** of ** L0 (L0 + 1)/2 possible hypotheses, while a total search requires testing a total ** of ** 2L0 diﬀerent models ** APPLICATION ** ** OF ** ** THE ** RVM ** TO ** ** WIRELESS ** CHANNELS ** The ** ** application ** ** of ** ** the ** ... number ** of ** multipath components L = 12 −60 Magnitude (dB) This paper demonstrates ** the ** ** application ** ** of ** ** the ** ** evidence ** ** procedure ** ** to ** ** the ** analysis ** of ** ** wireless ** channels ** The ** original formulation ** of ** this ... equal ** to ** Ts This corresponds ** to ** ** the ** delay search space T consisting ** of ** 151 elements ** The ** initial estimate ** of ** ** the ** noise ﬂoor is obtained from ** the ** tail ** of ** ** the ** measured PDP ** The ** algorithm stops once the...

- 23
- 213
- 0

... representative ** of ** ** the ** banks found in ** the ** majority ** of ** ** distribution ** feeders ** POWER ** SYSTEM ** DAMPING ** ** ESTIMATION ** ** The ** ** estimation ** ** of ** ** the ** system ** damping ** quantiﬁed in terms ** of ** ** the ** X/R ratio and ** the ** ** damping ** ratio ... ** the ** method is not computationally intensive METHOD VALIDATION ** USING ** IEEE TEST MODEL This section demonstrates ** the ** application ** of ** ** the ** ** damping ** ** estimation ** method ** using ** ** the ** IEEE ** power ** ** distribution ** ... Section 4, but ** the ** details are beyond ** the ** scope ** of ** ** the ** paper Therefore, ** the ** transient response ** of ** ** the ** whole system can be described by (17) as well This is ** the ** motivation for detecting ** the ** envelope...

- 12
- 192
- 0

... vertically below ** the ** platform ** The ** distance form ** source ** to array is D, ** the ** distance form ground reﬂection point **(of ** ** the ** ** TSI ** path) to ** the ** ** source ** is d1 , ** the ** distance form ** the ** ** source ** to ** the ** ground reﬂection ... introduce ** the ** ** TSI ** ﬁnder in ** the ** lag and angle domains and analyse them in detail Section introduces ** the ** necessary formulas ** for ** estimating ** the ** ** location ** ** of ** ** the ** interferer ** source ** ** using ** ** TSI ** Section ... where q is ** the ** number ** of ** sources, and ak is ** the ** number ** of ** ** TSI ** paths available ** for ** ** the ** kth ** source ** ** The ** expression ** for ** Pout in (27) clearly indicates that ** the ** best w1 that (which has N degrees ** of ** freedom)...

- 17
- 144
- 0

Từ khóa:
estimation of probabilities from sparse data for the language model component of a speech recognizerestimation of probabilities from sparse data for the language model component of a speech recogniserthe estimation of the boone indicator modelparameter uncertainty in kalman filter estimation of the cir term structure modelestimation of adult mortality from information on the distribution of deaths by ageestimation of the fatigue life of high strength steel under variable amplitude tension with torsion use of the energy parameter in the critical planeestimation of cumulative incidence in the presence of competing risksestimation of the stratum corneum diffusion coef cientestimation of health effects of fallout from the chernobyl reactor accidentestimation of the supertreesestimation of minimum health care costs for the section of the population in bavi who prefer health insurance compulsory or voluntary to out of pocket health care paymentsthe contribution of parsing to prosodic phrasing inapplication of the discrete wavelet transform to denoise gpr signalsdevelopment of the embryo from fertilization to implantationwhen is the best time of day to measure blood pressurechiến lược gây hứng thú cho học sinh thcs môn toánPHÁT TRIỂN KINH TẾ TƯ NHÂNDE THI VAO 10 MON TOAN HA NOI TU 2006 DEN 2017HU HONG VA SUA CHUA CONG TRINH (CHUONG 3) HH SC GC KET CAU BE TONGHU HONG VA SUA CHUA CONG TRINH (CHUONG 4) HH SC GC KET CAU THEPTiểu luận môn kinh tế lượngỨng dụng GIS đánh giá biến động sử dụng đất quận Cẩm Lệ thành phố đà nẵng giai đoạn 2010 2015TIENG ANH CHUYEN NGANH MAYbài tập trắc nghiệm mốn tiếng trung trường DHKHXH&NV TP.HCMSách Tiếng Trung 1Bài 60. Động vật quý hiếmVẤN đề bảo vệ tốt NHẤT QUYỀN và lợi ÍCH của KHÁCH HÀNG KHI HÀNH NGHỀ LUẬT sưCHUYÊN ĐỀ THỂ TÍCH KHỐI CHÓPCƯPHƯƠNG PHÁP TƯ DUY GIẢI TOÁN TRẮC NGHIỆMThuyet dong hoc phan tu chat khiBài 12. Phân bón hoá họcBài 8. Biết ơn thương binh, liệt sĩTuần 4. Nghe-kể: Dại gì mà đổi. Điền vào giấy tờ in sẵnTuần 4. Ông ngoạiBài 43. Rễ cây