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DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 1

DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 1
... Debt Sustainability and Debt Indicators Debt Sustainability Framework Debt Distress Performance Based Allocation System 10 Allocation of Grants 14 Financing of Grants 15 Concerns and Issues 16 ... Issues 16 Debt Sustainability Framework 16 The PBA System 17 Other Issues 18 Conclusions and Recommendations 18 CPIA 20 Debt Thresholds and Indicators 21 Annexes Debt Indicators 23 Country Performance ... performance of their institutions and policies and determine thresholds for selected debt indicators for each country grouping and then estimate the level of debt distress as measured by the forecast...
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DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 2

DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 2
... which in Debt Sustainability in Low Income Countries: Proposal for an Operational Framework and Policy Implications by Mark Allen and Gobind Nankani, IMF and IDA, February 3, 20 04 Debt Sustainability ... borrowing, foreign and domestic, public and publicly guaranteed, private non-guaranteed, including both short- and long-term debt, without compromising its long-term development goals and objectives Countries ... suggestions for further research work by the World Bank and IMF during IDA 14 and after to strengthen its application to individual countries Debt Sustainability and Debt Indicators Debt sustainability ...
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DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 3

DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 3
... of Policies Debt Indicator Medium Poor NPV of debt/ GDP 60 45 30 NPV of debt/ Exports Strong 30 0 200 100 Ibid footnote NPV of 250 200 150 Debt service/Exports 35 25 15 Debt 40 30 20 debt/ Government ... Footnote 19 in Debt Sustainability in Low Income Countries by Mark Allen and Gobind Nankani, World Bank and IMF, February 2004 exceed the threshold in the next year and will continue to so for at least ... assist low- income countries maintain sustainable debt levels and reduce the risk to IDA of debt problems in the countries in which IDA will provide a significant share of financing under IDA 14 and...
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DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 4

DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 4
... for low- income countries that includes “need” (income per capita) and “performance.” For the fiscal years 2003 to 2005, the Bank made resource allocations that were nearly five times higher for ... efficiency and resource mobilization; competitive environment for the private sector; factor and product markets; and policies and institutions for environmental sustainability; • Policies for social ... in the top-performing quintile than for those in the poorest-performing quintile The CPIA rates countries primarily on the basis of current performance in relation to twenty, equally-weighted...
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Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 5 docx

Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 5 docx
... or 25 years for blend countries without a significant decline in the grant element This would not be possible for IDA only countries that have been judged to be in medium-level or high-level debt ... maturity of 50 years including a grace period of 10 years, changed in 1987 Since then, the repayment period for IDA only countries has been shortened to 40 years and 35 years for blend countries ... questions of why countries with similar institutional and policy performance as judged by the CPIA and similar per capita income levels receive IDA allocations on different terms based on the debt indicators...
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Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 6 docx

Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 6 docx
... questions of why countries with similar institutional and policy performance as judged by the CPIA and similar per capita income levels receive IDA allocations on different terms based on the debt indicators ... years for blend countries without a significant decline in the grant element This would not be possible for IDA only countries that have been judged to be in medium-level or high-level debt distress ... that is proposed for IDA 14, the best that can be hoped for if upfront donor contributions (for foregone service charges and commitment fees) materialize and upfront charges for grants are levied...
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Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 7 ppt

Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 7 ppt
... estimated for all low income countries The PBA System Debt Sustainability in Low Income Countries: Further Consideration on an Operational Framework and Policy Implications, IDA/SecM 200 4-0 629, ... of political, social and economic performance criteria Nor is there much debate about the implications of the system for the policy autonomy of borrowers - particularly lowincome borrowers Instead ... stock and flow problems in formulating an appropriate borrowing strategy A high current debt service ratio combined with a low level of debt stock needs to be handled as a liquidity problem and...
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Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 8 doc

Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 8 doc
... a solid basis for the international community, in general, and IDA, in particular, to allocate credits and grants to low- income countries in ways that foster debt sustainability and achievement ... grant funds based on debt distress is a concern to all donors particularly if IDA is not the major donor Debt Thresholds and Indicators 65 Low income countries that exceed the debt thresholds will ... Conclusions and Recommendations 59 The framework summarized in the paper starts with a grouping of all low income countries in accordance with the performance of institutions and effectiveness...
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Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 9 pptx

Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 9 pptx
... roll over d) Total Debt Service Ratio is the proportion of exports of goods and non- factor services that are absorbed for debt service payments on both long and short-term debt Debt Burden Ratios ... The total debt outstanding to GDP or GNI ratio compares the amount of disbursed debt outstanding to the size of the economy b) The total debt outstanding to exports of goods and non-factor services ... exports of goods and non-factor services c) The Short-Term Debt ratio measures the proportion of exports of goods and non factor services that will be absorbed if all debt outstanding with an original...
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Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 10 doc

Tài liệu DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES : POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS - Part 10 doc
... IMF, March 2000 10 Debt Relief and Poverty Reduction: Do we need a HIPC III?, Matthew Martin in Africa Report, NSI, 2002 11 Debt Sustainability in Low Income Countries, Allen and Nankani, IMF ... Principles for Democratic Governance of Globalization, Dani Rodrik Harvard University, May 2001 46 Debt Sustainability in Low Income Countries: Further Consideration on an Operational Framework and Policy ... Structural policies • Trade policy and foreign exchange regime How well the policy framework fosters trade and capital movements Countries with a high grade have low (10% or less) average tariffs...
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Controlling Cancer in Developing Countries - Prevention and Treatment Strategies Merit Further Study pdf

Controlling Cancer in Developing Countries - Prevention and Treatment Strategies Merit Further Study pdf
... facilities in include increasing taxes on the products, restricting developing countries The detection and treatment of or banning advertising and promotion, banning cervical cancer, in particular, ... Prevention Primary prevention, which aims to reduce or eliminate exposure to cancer- causing risk factors, will be critical for controlling cancers in developing countries The most important prevention ... The higher incidence of infection-related cancers (stomach, liver, and cervical) in developing countries reflect weak Types of Interventions for Controlling Cancers public health systems...
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E – GOVERNMENT FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES doc

E – GOVERNMENT FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES doc
... services creates opportunities for businesses and government to partner together for establishing a web presence faster and cheaper Government to Government: refers to the relationship between ... infrequently updated, few interactive features, and non-existent online services There were, however, several cases of developing countries that were at the Enhanced Presence stage and Interactive ... more equal services and procedures for public and businesses Even when eGovernment projects seek to improve internal government processes, the end goal should be making government serve citizens...
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DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES: POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS pot

DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES: POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS pot
... which in Debt Sustainability in Low Income Countries: Proposal for an Operational Framework and Policy Implications by Mark Allen and Gobind Nankani, IMF and IDA, February 3, 2004 Debt Sustainability ... paragraph 18 and thresholds were set for the remaining three DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES: POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS Paper submitted for the G-24 Technical Group Meeting ... effectiveness of the use of scarce IDA resources DEBT SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK FOR LOW INCOME COUNTRIES: POLICY AND RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS Paper submitted for the G-24 Technical Group Meeting (Washington,...
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