language structure

Tài liệu Spanish-English Writing Structure Interferences in Second Language Learners pptx

Tài liệu Spanish-English Writing Structure Interferences in Second Language Learners pptx
... when writing in the second language? What literal translations from L1 to L2 students make when they write in the second language? How grammar lessons affect students’ writing in L2? How Spanish-English ... again, changing some structures and also writing missing things such as subject pronouns 24 students out of 24 highlighted that the use of their first language, Spanish, hindered their writing in ... purposes First, to find examples that give an idea of what the influence in English writing is Second, to prove that grammar classes are essential when learning a second language Finally, to demonstrate...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "LANGUAGE SYNTHESIS GENERATION OF GERMAN FROM CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE: MT PROJECT IN A JAPANESE/GERMAN" pot

Báo cáo khoa học:
... employ Winograd's terminology for functional gran~nar (Winograd, 1983) In general, case schemata will be mapped into CLAUSE-RS and concept schemata are mapped into NP-R~ A CLAUSE-RS has a features ... nodes and labelled arcs The names of the node are called "semantic symbols" and are associated with Japanese and English dictionary entries The labelled arcs are used in two ways: a) Binary arcs either ... Proc of COLING-80, pp.455-462 Winograd, T.: Language as a cognitive process, Addison-Wesley, 1983 McDonald, D.D.: Natural language generation as a computational problem: An Introduction; in: Brady...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "GRAMMIATICAL AND UNGRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE SINUSER - ADVISER DIALOGUES1 EVIDENCE FOR SUFFICIENCY OF RESTRICTED LANGUAGE SINNATURAL LANGUAGE INTERFACES TO ADVISORY SYSTEMS." potx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... users' utterances, and not the utterances We will use typed user -adviser dialogues and Wizard .of- Oz condition to refer to the d a t a of adviser' s our s t u d y Completeness and of Formality Users' ... nature and abilities of the adviser 42 While formality and completeness of typed user -adviser dialogues resemble more Formal Written language, the general syntactic features of typed user -adviser ... their counterpart to handle fragmentary or informal language Informal Spoken face -to- face language is often unplanned, interactive, situated, immediate, and subject to real-time production constraints...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "STRUCTURE AND INTONATION IN SPOKEN LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING*" pptx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... automatic spoken language understanding in such a theory Most obviously, where in the past parsing and phonological processing have tended to deliver conflicting structural analyses, and have had ... purposes the distinction between intermediate- and intonational- phrase boundaries.) Finally, we accomplish the effect of interpolation of other parts of the tune by assigning the following polymorphic ... possible intonation contours for sentences of English More specifically, the claim is that that in spoken utterance, intonation helps to determine which of the many possible bracketings permitted...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Unsupervised Learning of Dependency Structure for Language Modeling" potx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... Figure Examples of dependency structure (a) A dependency structure of an English sentence Square brackets indicate base NPs; underlined words are the headwords (b) A Japanese equivalent of (a) Slashes ... elements of the DLM that assign probability to each possible W and its most probable D, P(W, D) Finally, we present an EM-like iterative method for unsupervised learning of dependency structure 3.1 Dependency ... impact on the performance of DLM The discussion includes: (1) the use of DLM as a parser, (2) the definition of the mapping function , and (3) the method of unsupervised dependency structure acquisition...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "TEMPORAL REASONING IN NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING: THE TEMPORAL STRUCTURE OF THE NARRATIVE" docx

Báo cáo khoa học:
... required Inferential work le relatively transparent The event of John's entering the o n c e results in the state of his being in the ofrice: this le part of the lexical meaning of enter The temporal ... their mother to fix the tail v-~hveof the windmilL b In the great expanse of the prairie where they lived, the high tower of the windmill was the only real landmark (Worline, 1956:1) Given the conceptual ... it, the children set off walking The temporal focus, Indicated by the past perfect tense, is in the middle of the wallri~g event; the time scale of the entire sequence is within a day or two The...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A CONSIDERATION ON THE CONCEPTS STRUCTURE AND LANGUAGE IN RELATION TO SELECTIONS OF TRANSLATION EQUIVALENTS OF VERBS IN MACHINE TRANSLATION SYSTEMS" doc

Báo cáo khoa học:
... case relations to enable the appropriate selections of translation equivalents of verbs in MT systems Additional information that should be associated to this data structure for the selections of ... case relation to each translation equivalent verb thus obtained by consulting word usage dictionary Then check all the nouns belonging to nearby categories in the given concepts structure and find ... of the association, consults ordinary dictionary of translation equivalents and word usage of verbs and obtain the set of all the translation euqivalents for the verb (3) Then find nouns (categories)...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Computational structure of generative phonology and its relation to language comprehension." pdf

Báo cáo khoa học:
... set of features must be allowed to vary from language to language, and in principle is limited only by the number of rules in the phonology; the set of specifications must likewise be allowed to ... from language to language It is possible, however, to postulate the existence of a large, fixed, language- universal set of phonological features and a fixed upper 239 4.1 Complexity of autosegmental ... deleting boundaries and flattening syntactic structure, for example to prevent the phonology from assigning too many degrees of stress to a highly-embedded sentence The second is to reaxrange the...
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Unsupervised structure induction for natural language processing

Unsupervised structure induction for natural language processing
... investigates unsupervised learning methods including Bayesian learning models and feature-based models, and provides some novel ideas of unsupervised structure induction for natural language processing ... 101 xii Abstract Many Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks involve some kind of structure analysis, such as word alignment for machine translation, syntactic parsing for coreference resolution, ... Xiong, Wenliang Chen, and Yue Zhang for discussions on parsing and CCG induction Thank Jun Lang for his time and efforts for server maintenance I am also grateful for all the great time that I have...
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Ngôn ngữ vấn tin cơ sở dữ liệu (structure query language)

Ngôn ngữ vấn tin cơ sở dữ liệu (structure query language)
... quan hệ sở liệu với nhiều bảng thao tác với cấu trúc sở liệu 2/3 Ngôn ngữ vấn tin sở liệu (Structure Query Language) SQL(Structure Query Language) giải pháp chuẩn để thao tác với sở liệu Nó ... Ngôn ngữ vấn tin sở liệu (Structure Query Language) • Mốu tin: Chứa trường Mỗi trường thể phận liệu mẩu tin Thiết kế cở dũ liệu: để tạo cở liệu trước hết ta phải xác định thông tin cần ... kế sở liệu tạo bảng chứa trường định nghĩa kiểu liệu có sau ki tạo cấu trúc sở liệu, sở liệu chứa liệu dạng mẩu tin Ta đưa liệu vào mà bảng hay định nghĩa trường liệu chỗ để chứa Do thiết kế sở...
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