Tài liệu Complete Idiot''''s Guide to Linux pptx

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Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles. Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux (Publisher: Macmillan Computer Publishing) Author(s): Manuel Ricart ISBN: 078971826x Publication Date: 12/22/98 Search this book: 1, 2, 3 Go! About the Authors Part 1—Working with Linux in a Graphical Environment—The KDE Desktop Chapter 1—The First Login on the KDE Desktop Logging In The KDE Desktop The Panel The Taskbar The Desktop Applications Using the Mouse Basic Mouse Actions Buttons, Menus, and Text Fields Buttons Lists and Menus Text Fields Manipulating Controls with the Keyboard Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (1 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Go! Keyword ----------- Go! Ending the Work Session Chapter 2—Working with Windows Windows and Panels Window Controls The Active Window Accessing Windows that Overlap Scrollbars Resizing Windows Moving a Window Closing a Window Chapter 3—Navigating through the File System The File System Through KFM The KFM Navigation Toolbar Opening a Folder Opening a File A Tree View A File List What the Listing Means Bookmarks Selecting Files and Folders Chapter 4—Working with Applications Manually Starting an Application Working with Multiple Applications Switching Between Applications Hiding an Application Virtual Desktops Starting Applications Automatically The KDE Workspace Auto-restore Feature KDE Application Help: kdehelp Exiting Applications Chapter 5—Creating, Editing, and Saving Files Creating and Saving Files Creating a New File Opening an Existing File Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (2 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Customizing the Open Panel Open Panel Setting Customizations Saving a New File File Naming Saving Changes to Your Documents Saving a New Version Text Editing Basics Selecting Text Copying and Moving Text Chapter 6—Organizing Your Files Getting Organized: Creating a Folder Copying Files and Folders Copying Files Using Drag and Drop Copying Files Using the Clipboard Moving Files and Folders Linking Files and Folders Replacing a File or a Folder Deleting a File or Folder Moving a File or Folder to the Trash Retrieving a File or Folder from the Trash Emptying the Trash File Properties Renaming a File or Folder Setting File and Folder Permissions Changing the Group of a File or Folder KDE Templates Chapter 7—Working with Disks Configuring the System to Allow Users to Access the CD-ROM and the Floppy Starting a Superuser KFM Session Enabling Regular Users to Access Disk Devices Creating kdelnk Files for the Floppy and CD Copying Files to or from a Floppy Opening and Saving Files to a Floppy Disk Accessing the CD-ROM Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (3 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Preparing a New Floppy Disk Chapter 8—Accessing the Network Connecting to the Network Using a Dialup (PPP) Connection Adding an Internet Connection with Kppp Adding a New Dialup Configuration Configuring the Modem Device Debugging the Connection Connecting via Your Local Network Chapter 9—Communication: Web, FTP, Email, and News Accessing the Web FTP Email Configuring Your Identity for Netscape Messenger Configuring Your Mail Server Reading Email Composing an Email Message News Telnet Chapter 10—Customizing KDE Adding an Application to the Panel or Application Launcher Creating a Kdelnk File that Represents an Application Other KDE Options The KDE Control Center Part 2—Working on the Command Line Chapter 11—Shells and Consoles The UNIX Command Prompt Shell Flavors Graphic Consoles Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (4 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Logging in Through a Console What Shell Are You Running? Command Line Program Syntax Navigating the File System Where Are You?: pwd Listing Files Listing Directories Remotely ls in Technicolor Making Shell Options the Default Changing Directories: cd Relative and Absolute Paths Filename Expansion: Tab Exiting the Console Shutting Down a Linux Box Rebooting a Linux Box Chapter 12—Working with Files on the Shell Working with Files and Folders Creating a New Empty File: touch Removing Files: rm Creating a Directory: mkdir Removing an Empty Directory: rmdir Copying Files: cp Moving Files and Directories: mv Creating Links: ln Reading Files Concatenating: cat Viewing a Page at a Time: less Peeking at the First Few Lines: head Peeking at the Last Few Lines: tail Chapter 13—Text Editing under a Shell An Improved Visual Editor: Vim Interactive Vim Tutorial Vim Basics Accessing the Shell from Vim Other Stuff Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (5 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] XEmacs Starting XEmacs and the XEmacs Tutorial Checking Your Spelling: Ispell Chapter 14—Putting the Shell to Work Using More Than One Command at a Time Command Groups and Subshells Redirection STDOUT STDERR Command Groups and Redirection Pipes: One Program’s Output Is Another’s Input Getting the Needed Input: Input Redirection Regular Expressions Match Anything: * Match Any Letter: ? Match in a Range: [] Negating a Range: ! Command History Jobs: Working on Multiple Things Using a Shell Suspending a Job Killing a Job Chapter 15—Help Please UNIX Manual Pages Searching for a Tool: apropos Getting a Brief Command Description: whatis Searching Standard Locations: whereis Built-in Command Information Online Help via /usr/doc More about HOWTO documents Mini HOWTOs LDP—Linux Documentation Project Reading Compressed Documentation: zless Info Pages Usenet: Internet Newsgroups Useful Books Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (6 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Chapter 16—Permissions: Protecting and Sharing Your Work How Does Permissions Work? The Effective User Id Substitute User: su Beware of the Powers of Root! Changing Groups: newgrp Special Users Home Directories Changing File Permissions Permissions by the Numbers: 4, 2, 1, and 0 Permissions Using Symbols: u, g, o, r, w, and x Using chmod to Change Permissions Setuid, Setgid, and Sticky Bits The Default File Mode: umask Group Ownership and User Private Groups Chapter 17—Command Toolbox: Useful Shell Commands and Shortcuts User Utilities Changing Your Password: passwd Changing Your Shell: chsh Changing Personal Information: chfn Who’s on the System: who and w Viewing and Setting the Date and Time: date Getting a Calendar: cal Finding Files Finding Files by Name: find Locating Files: locate Finding Files that Contain a Word or Pattern: grep Text and File Utilities Counting Lines, Words, and Characters: wc Sorting Lines of Text: sort Formatting Text: fmt Splitting Files into Smaller Files: split Accessing a Computer Through the Network: telnet Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (7 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Working on the Console: setfont UNIX Printing Primer UNIX Text Processing Part 3—Essential System Tasks Under Linux Chapter 18—Users, Groups, and Passwords Adding Users adduser Useradd Modifying Users: usermod Moving a Home Directory Changing a Login Name Changing Secondary Group Memberships Deleting Users: userdel Adding, Modifying, and Removing Groups Groupadd Managing Group Memberships: gpasswd Users and Passwords Password Don’ts Password Do’s Linux and Shadow Passwords Chapter 19—Backups: Safeguarding Your Work Media Are Just Devices Backup Media What to Back Up Simple Backups Tape Archive: tar Making a tar File Extracting Files from a tar Archive Extracting a File into a Device A Backup Strategy The dump Command dump Examples Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (8 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] restore Examples Graphical Backup Programs BRU2000 Chapter 20—Installing Programs and Applications RPM: The Red Hat Package Manager Installing, Upgrading, Downgrading, and Removing Software Installing Upgrading Downgrading Uninstalling A Database of Installed Software Finding Information About the Package Finding the Package that Owns a File Finding Files that are Owned by a Package Finding Documentation Related to a Package Verifying Your System Graphical Front Ends to RPM Non-RPM Packages Tar UNIX Compressed Archives: Gzip and Compress Windows Compressed Archives: Zip Chapter 21—LISA: Linux Installation and System Administration Utility Basic Functions of LISA Verbose System Analysis Software Package Administration System Configuration Hardware Configuration Area System Configuration Area Network Configuration Area Host Table Configuration Network Access Configuration General Network Services Configuration Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (9 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Boot Manager Configuration Chapter 22—System Monitoring: Keeping an Eye on Your System Monitoring Memory How Much Memory: free Procinfo Monitoring Processes Listing the Current Top Processes: top Process Status: ps ”Nicing” a process: nice and renice Monitoring Your Disk Finding out How Much Disk Files Consume: du Finding the Amount of Free Disk Space: df Log Files Monitoring Logins: last Monitoring Bad Logins: lastb Chapter 23—Sharing Files over the Network NFS Exporting an NFS Volume Mounting an NFS Volume FTP Connecting to an FTP Site Hosting an FTP Service HTTP Configuring an Apache Server Controlling Access SMB: Sharing Disks and Printers to PCs Accessing a PC Network Drive from Linux: smbclient Chapter 24—Customizing Your Linux Kernel Customizing Your Linux Kernel with LISA Customizing Your Linux Kernel by Recompiling Getting Started Configuring the New Kernel Compiling the Kernel and Necessary Modules Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux - Table of Contents http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (10 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] [...]... 5:48:36 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop environment Clicking the mouse on a task button takes you to the application The button that looks pressed belongs to the currently active application If the application is hidden, its name is displayed in parenthesis To show the application, just click its button Right-clicking a button displays a menu that allows you to control... 5:48:36 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop • A first look at Linux under KDE • Useful mouse and keyboard techniques • Shutting down Linux In this chapter you will learn how to get in and out of Linux using the K Desktop Environment, or KDE for short KDE is a graphical user environment where you use icons, menus, and windows to do your work You’ll embark on a short tour... comprehensive guide On the contrary, great effort has gone into this book to keep it from becoming yet another comprehensive reference guide I’ve been selective about covering the topics you are most likely to use early in your Linux hacking career One of the interesting things about Linux, and UNIX in general, is that learning new ways and tools is almost an endless task There are many tools—too many to cover... are buttons too! Most applications have a toolbar with buttons Move the cursor over an icon, and a border will appear around the button along with a tool tip, or text that tells you what the button does If after you start clicking a button, you decide you don’t want to click it after all, just move the cursor off the button before releasing the mouse Some buttons, called check boxes, allow you to enable... PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux Go! Keyword q Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: Macmillan Computer Publishing) Author(s): Manuel Ricart ISBN: 078971826x Publication Date: 12/22/98 Search this book: Go! Previous Table of Contents Next - The Desktop... 5:48:36 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop The KDE Desktop A desktop is where you do your work on the computer It is the workspace where you can start and run programs, create files, organize files, and do whatever it is you want to do with your computer When you first enter your desktop, it will look similar to the one shown in the following figure Linux looks like... either to build a new town hall or to install a document management system Naturally, Microsoft Windows NT was looked into as a potential solution, but after realizing that the OpenLinux solution would cost less than 10% of the NT solution, OpenLinux won the city’s business Talk http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/about.html (4 of 5) [1/27/2000 5:48:32 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: 1,... triple-clicking to select a paragraph or perform some other application defined function http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ch01/012-016.html (2 of 4) [1/27/2000 5:48:39 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: The First Login on the KDE Desktop Buttons, Menus, and Text Fields The basic controls of a modern UI can be grouped into three categories: • Buttons • Lists and menus • Text fields Buttons... Buttons Buttons often are in application windows to give you easy access to certain commands Buttons come in a variety of shapes and sizes They are usually labeled with text and graphics indicating what they do To activate a button, you click on it If the button is just an image, when you move the cursor over it, the button might draw a border around itself to let you know that it is indeed a button and... without express written permission of EarthWeb is prohibited http://www.itknowledge.com/reference/standard/078971826x/ewtoc.html (11 of 11) [1/27/2000 5:48:30 PM] Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: 1, 2, 3 Go! To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux Go! Keyword q Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: Macmillan Computer Publishing) Author(s): Manuel . Network Drive from Linux: smbclient Chapter 24—Customizing Your Linux Kernel Customizing Your Linux Kernel with LISA Customizing Your Linux Kernel by Recompiling. managing your own Linux computer, there are some administrative tasks that you need to learn how to do. Complete Idiot's Guide to Linux: 1, 2, 3 Go!
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