Oracle Database 10g-Administration Workshop 1

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Oracle Database 10g: Administration Workshop I Electronic Presentation D17090GC30 Edition 3.0 November 2005 D22683 ® Copyright © 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved. Disclaimer This document contains proprietary information and is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. You may copy and print this document solely for your own use in an Oracle training course. The document may not be modified or altered in any way. Except where your use constitutes "fair use" under copyright law, you may not use, share, download, upload, copy, print, display, perform, reproduce, publish, license, post, transmit, or distribute this document in whole or in part without the express authorization of Oracle. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the document, please report them in writing to: Oracle University, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, California 94065 USA. This document is not warranted to be error-free. Restricted Rights Notice If this documentation is delivered to the United States Government or anyone using the documentation on behalf of the United States Government, the following notice is applicable: U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS The U.S. Government’s rights to use, modify, reproduce, release, perform, display, or disclose these training materials are restricted by the terms of the applicable Oracle license agreement and/or the applicable U.S. Government contract. Trademark Notice Oracle, JD Edwards, and PeopleSoft are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Authors Tom Best M.J. Billings Technical Contributors and Reviewers Anthony Woodell Barry Trute Celia Antonio Christine Jeal Donna Keesling Howard Bradley James Spiller Janet Stern Jean-Francois Verrier Joel Goodman John Hibbard Larry Baumann Magnus Isaksson M.J. Bryksa Paul Needham Pierre Labrousse Raza Siddiqui Sandra Cheevers Stefan Lindblad Stella Kister Steve Friedberg Steven Karam Sushma Jagannath Tammy Bednar Editors Navratan Singh Nita Pavitran Raj Kumar Graphic Designers Satish Bettegowda Steve Elwood Publisher Joseph Fernandez Preface Preface - 2 Preface - 3 Profile Before You Begin This Course Before you begin this course, you should have the following qualifications: • Working experience with SQL How This Course Is Organized Oracle Database 10g: Administration Workshop I is an instructor-led course featuring lecture and hands-on exercises. Online demonstrations and written practice sessions reinforce the concepts and skills introduced. Suggested Next Courses Oracle Database 10g: Administration Workshop II (D17092GC30) Preface - 4 Related Publications Oracle Publications Title Part Number Oracle Database 2 Day DBA 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14196-01 Oracle Database Administrator's Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14231-01 Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Basics 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14192-01 Oracle Database Concepts 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14220-01 Oracle Database Licensing Information 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14199-01 Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14212-01 Oracle Database Net Services Reference 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14213-01 Oracle Database New Features Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14214-01 Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14211-01 Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14258-01 Oracle Database PL/SQL User's Guide and Reference 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14261-01 Oracle Database Recovery Manager Quick Start Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14193-01 Oracle Database Recovery Manager Reference 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14194-01 Oracle Database Security Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14266-01 Oracle Database SQL Quick Reference 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14195-01 Oracle Database SQL Reference 10g Release 2 (10.2) B14200-01 Additional Publications • System release bulletins • Installation and user guides • read.me files • International Oracle Users Group (IOUG) articles • Oracle Magazine Preface - 5 Typographic Conventions Typographic Conventions in Text Convention Element Example Bold Emphasized words and phrases in Web content only To navigate within this application, do not click the Forward and Back buttons. Bold italic Glossary term (if there is a glossary) The algorithm inserts the new key. Brackets Key names Press [Enter]. Caps and lowercase Buttons, check boxes, application triggers, windows Click the Executable button. Select the Can’t Delete Card check box. Assign a When-Validate-Item trigger to the ORD block. Open the Master Schedule window. Angle brackets Menu paths Select File > Save. Commas Key sequences Press and release the following keys one at a time: [Alt], [F], [D] Courier new, case sensitive (default is lowercase) Code output, directory names, file names, passwords, path names, user input, usernames Code output: debug.set ('I', 300); Directory: bin (DOS), $FMHOME (UNIX) File name: Locate the init.ora file. Password: Use tiger as your password. Path name: Open c:\my_docs\projects . User input: Enter 300 . Username: Log in as HR . Initial cap Graphics labels (unless the term is a proper noun) Customer address (but Oracle Payables) Italic Emphasized words and phrases, titles of books and courses, variables Do not save changes to the database. For further information, see Oracle Database SQL Reference 10g Release 1(10.1). Enter user_id@us.oracle.com , where user_id is the name of the user. Preface - 6 Typographic Conventions (continued) Typographic Conventions in Text (continued) Typographic Conventions in Code Convention Element Example Quotation marks Interface elements with long names that have only initial caps; lesson and chapter titles in cross- references Select “Include a reusable module component” and click Finish. This subject is covered in the lesson titled, “Working with Objects.” Uppercase SQL column names, commands, functions, schemas, table names, database trigger names Use the SELECT command to view information stored in the LAST_NAME column of the EMPLOYEES table. Convention Element Example Lowercase Column names, table names, database trigger names SELECT last_name FROM employees; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER secure_employees Passwords CREATE USER scott IDENTIFIED BY tiger; PL/SQL objects items.DELETE(3); Lowercase italic Syntax variables CREATE ROLE role Uppercase SQL commands and functions SELECT first_name FROM employees; Preface - 7 Typographic Conventions (continued) Typographic Conventions in Navigation Paths This course uses simplified navigation paths, such as the following example, to direct you through Oracle applications. Example: Invoice Batch Summary (N) Invoice > Entry > Invoice Batches Summary (M) Query > Find (B) Approve This simplified path translates to the following: 1. (N) From the Navigator window, select Invoice > Entry > Invoice Batches Summary. 2. (M) From the menu, select Query > Find. 3. (B) Click the Approve button. Notation: (N) = Navigator (I) = Icon (M) = Menu (H) = Hyperlink (T) = Tab (B) = Button Preface - 8 [...]... Administration Pages 11 -13 Creating a Listener 11 -14 Adding Listener Addresses 11 -15 Database Service Registration 11 -16 Naming Methods 11 -17 Easy Connect 11 -18 Local Naming 11 -19 Directory Naming 11 -20 External Naming Method 11 - 21 Configuring Service Aliases 11 -22 Advanced Connection Options 11 -23 Testing Oracle Net Connectivity 11 -25 User Sessions: Dedicated Server 11 -26 User Sessions: Shared Servers 11 -27 SGA... Implementing Oracle Database Security 10 -30 11 Configuring the Oracle Network Environment Objectives 11 -2 Oracle Net Services 11 -3 Oracle Net Listener 11 -4 Establishing Net Connections 11 -5 Establishing a Connection 11 -6 User Sessions 11 -7 Tools for Configuring and Managing the Oracle Network 11 -8 Listener Control Utility 11 -9 Listener Control Utility Syntax 11 -10 Listener Home Page 11 -12 Net Services...Contents Preface 1 Introduction Course Objectives 1- 2 Suggested Schedule 1- 3 Lesson Objectives 1- 4 Oracle Products and Services 1- 5 Oracle Database 10 g: “g” Stands for Grid 1- 6 Oracle Database Architecture 1- 8 Database Structures 1- 9 Oracle Memory Structures 1- 10 Process Structures 1- 12 Oracle Instance Management 1- 13 Server Process and Database Buffer Cache 1- 14 Physical Database Structure 1- 15 Tablespaces... Settings 15 -13 Scheduling Backups: Schedule 15 -14 Scheduling Backups: Review 15 -15 Backing Up the Control File to a Trace File 15 -16 Managing Backups 15 -18 Flash Recovery Area 15 -19 Summary 15 -20 Practice Overview: Creating Database Backups 15 - 21 16 Performing Database Recovery Objectives 16 -2 Opening a Database 16 -3 Changing Instance Status 16 -5 Keeping a Database Open 16 -6 Loss of a Control File 16 -7... (CKPT) 14 -11 Background Processes and Recovery: Redo Log Files and LogWriter 14 -12 Background Processes and Recovery: Archiver (ARCn) 14 -13 Instance Recovery 14 -14 Phases of Instance Recovery 14 -15 Tuning Instance Recovery 14 -16 Using the MTTR Advisor 14 -17 Media Failure 14 -18 Configuring for Recoverability 14 -19 Control Files 14 -20 Redo Log Files 14 - 21 Multiplexing the Redo Log 14 -22 Archive Log Files 14 -23... AWR Infrastructure 12 -11 AWR Snapshot Sets 12 -12 Enterprise Manager and AWR 12 -13 Managing the AWR 12 -14 Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) 12 -15 ADDM Findings 12 -16 ADDM Recommendations 12 -17 Advisory Framework 12 -18 Enterprise Manager and Advisors 12 -20 The DBMS_ADVISOR Package 12 - 21 Server-Generated Alerts 12 -22 Default Server-Generated Alerts 12 -23 Setting Thresholds 12 -24 Creating and... Flashback Database: Overview 17 -6 Flashback Database: Reducing Restore Time 17 -7 Flashback Database: Considerations 17 -8 Flashback Database: Limitations 17 -9 Enabling Flashback Database 17 -10 Flashback Table: Overview 17 -11 Flashback Table 17 -12 Enabling Row Movement on a Table 17 -13 Performing Flashback Table 17 -14 Flashback Table: Considerations 17 -16 Flashback Drop: Overview 17 -17 xii Flashing Back Dropped... Advisor 9 -16 Summary 9 -17 Practice Overview: Managing Undo Segments 9 -18 10 Implementing Oracle Database Security Objectives 10 -2 Industry Security Requirements 10 -3 Separation of Responsibilities 10 -5 Database Security 10 -6 Principle of Least Privilege 10 -8 Applying the Principle of Least Privilege 10 -9 Monitoring for Suspicious Activity 10 -11 Standard Database Auditing 10 -12 Enabling Auditing 10 -13 Uniform... PGA 11 -28 Shared Server: Connection Pooling 11 -29 When Not to Use a Shared Server 11 -30 Summary 11 - 31 Practice Overview: Working with Oracle Network Components 11 -32 12 Proactive Maintenance Objectives 12 -2 Proactive Maintenance 12 -3 Introducing Terminology 12 -4 ix Optimizer Statistics 12 -5 Using the Manage Optimizer Statistics Page 12 -7 Statistic Levels 12 -9 Automatic Workload Repository (AWR) 12 -10 ... 2005, Oracle All rights reserved Oracle Database 10 g: Administration Workshop I 1- 4 Oracle Products and Services • • • • • • 1- 5 Oracle databases Oracle Application Server Oracle applications Oracle Collaboration Suite Oracle Developer Suite Oracle services Copyright © 2005, Oracle All rights reserved Oracle Products • Oracle databases: The Oracle database is the first database that is designed for enterprise . 11 -14 Adding Listener Addresses 11 -15 Database Service Registration 11 -16 Naming Methods 11 -17 Easy Connect 11 -18 Local Naming 11 -19 Directory Naming 11 -20. (10 .2) B1 419 2- 01 Oracle Database Concepts 10 g Release 2 (10 .2) B14220- 01 Oracle Database Licensing Information 10 g Release 2 (10 .2) B1 419 9- 01 Oracle Database
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