TÀI LIỆU ÔN TẬP THI THPT QG MÔN TIẾNG ANH (With Keys)

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TÀI LIỆU ÔN TẬP THI THPT QG MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÓ ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾTGiúp người học nhanh chóng hệ thống hóa toàn bộ kiến thức ngữ pháp căn bản môn tiếng Anh, đặc biệt là học sinh đang ôn tập luyện thi THPT Quốc gia theo cấu trúc bài thi của Bộ GDĐT. PART 1: PHONETICS CÁCH PHÁT ÂM "S/ ES" CUỐI : s/ / iz / //// z / 11 SSO OU UN ND DSS trường hợp danh từ số nhiều nhiều động từ số - Sau phụ âm vô (voiceless consonants): /f/, /k/, /p/, /t/ ,//,/h/ Ex: laughs, walks, cups, cats, tenths; books - Sau phụ âm gió : /z/, /s/, /dz/, / t∫/, / ∫ /, /z/ Hoặc chữ cái: s, x, z, ch, sh, ce, ge Ex: washes , kisses , oranges… Không thuộc hai loại Ex: bags , kids , days … Ngọai lệ: - Chữ s đọc /z /sau từ :busy, please, easy, present, desire, music, pleasant, desert, choose, reason, preserve, poison - Chữ s đọc /'∫/ sau từ sugar,sure EXERCISE A proofs A asks A sees A tombs A books A cats A walks A leaves A helps 10 A delays 11 A improves 12 A wonders B books B breathes B sports B lamps B floors B tapes B begins B washes B laughs C points C breaths C pools C brakes C combs C rides C helps C dresses C cooks D days D hopes D trains D invites D drums D cooks D cuts D watches D finds B begins B destroys B problems C attracts C suggests C mountains D believes 2018 D reminds 2018 D moments 2018 CÁCH PHÁT ÂM “ –ED” CUỐI : “-ed ” pronounced as / id /: sau / t, d / : Thường sau chữ t, d : Ex: wanted; decided “-ed ” pronounced as / t /: sau / k, f, p, s, ∫, t∫, h ,/ chữ p, k, f, th, s, sh, ch :.Ex: asked; stopped; laughed “-ed ” pronounced as / d / : Trừ trường hợp : Ex: moved; played; raised Ngọai lệ: Đuôi -ed tính từ sau phát âm /id/: aged, learned, beloved, blessed, naked,, EXERCISE A worked A reformed A confused A devoted A measured A wounded A imprisoned A a.failed A supported 10 A played 11 A dressed 12 A washed B stopped B appointed B faced B suggested B pleased B routed B pointed B reached B approached B planned B dropped B passed C forced C stayed C cried C provided C distinguished C wasted C shouted C absored C noticed C cooked C matched C worked D wanted D installed D defined D wished D managed D risked D surrounded D solved D finished TN 2015 D lived thpt 2017 D joined 2017 D opened 2017 BÀI TẬP VỀ CÁC NGUYÊN ÂM VÀ CÁC PHỤ ÂM KHÁC : A message A describe A Christmas A choice A took B sausage B punish B characteristic B achieve B book C teenage C infectious C chemical C each C shoe D passage TN 2011 D efficient TN 2011 D challenge TN 2011 D chemistry D would 6: A find 7: A breath 8: A massage 9: A chair 10 A motion 11 A apply 12 A.enough 13 A bear 14 A deal 15 A walk 16 A date 17 A find 18 A head 19 A great A dream B bite B breathe B carriage B cheap B question B university B laugh B near B teach B call B face B think B bean B cheap B wear C since C thank C voyage C chorus C mention C identity C cough C clear C break C take C page C drive C meal C clean C treat D drive D threat D dosage D child D fiction D early D high TN 2014 D hear TN 2014 D clean TN 2015 D talk 2017 D map 2017 D mind 2017 D team 2018 D mean 2018 D mean 2018 22 SST TR RE ESSSS Một số qui tắc nhấn âm bản: - Từ có âm tiết: Động từ thường nhấn âm 2; Danh/ Tính/ Trạng từ thường nhấn âm Ngoại lệ: Verbs: 'answer, 'enter, 'happen, 'offer; Nouns: po'lice, ad'vice, ma'chine, mis'take; Adj: a'lone, a'mazed, … - Những đuôi nhận âm nhấn (Nhấn âm đuôi): -ee, - eer, -oo,-ese, -ique, -esque, -ain Ex: ag'ree, volun'teer, Vietna'mese, re'tain, main'tain, u'nique, pictu'resque, engi'neer… - Âm nhấn đặt trước tổ hợp âm: –ic, -ish, -ical, -sion, -tion, -ance, -ence, -idle, -ious, -iar, ience, id, -eous, -acy, -ian, -ity EXERCISE A appalling A symbolize A agriculture A apology A interview A certificate A effective A energetic A competition 10 A modern 11 A importance 12: A threaten 13 A terrific 14 A significant 15 A personality 16: A natural 18 A catastrophe 19.A reliable 20 A.customer 21: A recipe 22: A conceal 23: A advantageous 24 A tittle 25 A importance 26 A possible 27 A office 28 A difficult B mechanic B encounter B referee B compulsory B certificate B apartment B important B significant B intelligent B machine B subtraction B collect B applicant B convenient B appropriate B computer B agriculture B preservative B computer B candidate B contain B oceanic B medal B happiness B cultural B nature B popular C November C determine C personality C Industry C.applicant C individual C historic C competition C automation C honest C algebra C begin C Continue C fashionable C information C animal C dictionary C intellectual C energy C instrument C conserve C compulsory C water C employment C confident C result C effective D architect D diploma D mathematics D Disaster D primary D biology D National TN 2013 D overwhelming D information D village TN 2013 D example D destroy TN 2012 D ignorant D traditional D entertainment D educate TN 2012 D supervisor D conventional 2014 D property 2014 D commitment 2015 D conquer 2015 D influential THPT 2015 D defend D relation 2017 D supportive 2017 D farmer D national 29 A answer 30 A medical 31 A doctor 32 A teacher 33 A disaster 34: A sympathy 35: A intend 36: A apartment 37: A explain 38: A president 39: A obtain 40: A behave B reply B essential B student B lesson B origin B.poverty B.install B.benefit B.involve B.opponent B perform B relax C singer C dangerous C advice C action C.charity C.equipment C.follow C.argument C.borrow C assistant C.affect C.enter D future D regular D parent D police D.agency D character D decide D vacancy D discuss D companion D happen D.allow 2018 2018 PART 2: GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES II A AR RT TIIC CL LE ESS Mạo từ xác định “The” đề cập: - Người/ vật nhắc đến lần thứ trở - Cái mà người nói lẫn người nghe biết - Vật nhất: the sun, the earth, the moon - Các dụng cụ âm nhạc, đại dương, dãy núi, sa mạc - Danh từ theo sau “of + cụm danh từ” mệnh đề quan hệ - Câu so sánh nhất, so sánh kép Indefinite article “a/ an” đề cập: - Một danh từ chung chung “ONE” - Cấu trúc cảm thán: “What a/ an + adj; Such a/an + adj” - Chỉ nghề nghiệp: worrk as a/ an + nghề nghiệp Không dùng mạo từ khi: - Trước tên quốc gia, tên ngôn ngữ, bữa ăn, phương tiện lại,các núi, ao hồ… Chí ý: The United States, The Neitherlands, The United Kingdom… EXERCISE: Choose the best answer to complete the sentences book you ordered last week is now in stock A the/ Ø B a/ the C Ø / an D Ø / the Reading books is still one of _ most popular forms of entertainment A an B the C any D a We often go to school by bicycle A a B an C the D Ø I enjoy playing at weekends TN 2013 A badminton B the badminton C one badminton D a badminton I bought umbrella to go out in the rain A a B an C the D Ø My daughter is learning to play violin at her school A a B an C the D Ø I need time to think about offer you made me A the/ the B a/ the C X/ an D Ø / the We can finish the rest of the bread for .breakfast A a B an C the D Ø Our neighbor has cat and dog A a/ a B an/ a C the/ the D Ø / Ø 10 There was accident yesterday at corner of street A a/ the/ the B an/ a/ a C an/ the/ the D the/ Ø / Ø 11 Reading books is still one of _ most popular forms of entertainment A an B the C any D a TN 2011 12 Can anyone give me hand, please because I have just fallen over? A a B an C the D Ø 13 She always said that when she grew up she wanted to be A doctor B a doctor C the doctor D a doctors 14 president of the United States will be visiting Australia next week A a B an C the D Ø 15 More and more investors are pouring money into food and beverage start-ups A an B the C Ø D a THPT 2017 16 The pace of life is much slower in the country than in the city 2017 A an B a C Ø D the 17 We moved to the countryside because we wanted to be close to nature A a B the C an D Ø 2017 18 Domestic appliances like washing machines and dishwashers have made _life much easier A the B a C Ø D an 2017 II PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS • IN (trong, vào) • AT (vào lúc/ tại) • ON (vào) • FOR (trong) + khoảng thời gian: for two months • SINCE (từ, từ khi) + mốc t/ gian: since 2002 • UNTIL/ TILL (đến, cho đến): till midnight • FROM … TO (từ … đến): from morning to noon • BEFORE (trước, trước khi): before lunchtime • AFTER (sau, sau khi): after luchtime • DURING (trong, suốt): during World War II • BY (tính đến): by the end of May • ABOVE/ OVER (bên – không tiếp xúc với bề mặt) • UNDER/ BELOW (ở dưới, dưới) • IN FRONT OF (ở phía trước), BEHIND (ở phía sau), • IN THE MIDDLE OF (ở giữa) • BETWEEN (ở hai người/ vật), • AMONG (ở nhiều người/ vật) • OPPOSITE (đối diện) • THROUGH (xuyên qua) * Một số giới từ khác: - Giới từ mục đích: for, to, in order to, so as to (để) - Giới từ nguyên nhân: for, because of, owning to (bởi vì) - Giới từ phương tiện: by, with (bằng), through (nhờ qua) - Giới từ thể cách: with ( với), without (khơng có) - Giới từ tương quan: according to (tùy theo), instead of (thay vì), in spite of (mặc dù) II: PHRASAL VERBS: apply to (+ người)/ for (công việc): nộp đơn xin 30 go over (test/ essay): read carefully: đọc kỹ ask for: hỏi xin 31 hurry up : làm gấp break into: enter : đột nhập vào 32 keep up/ pace with : theo kịp = catch up with cary out: triển khai 33 loose touch/ contact with: liên lạc catch up / catch up with : bắt kịp , theo kịp 34 laugh at: cười nhạo cheer up: làm vui vẻ 35 lie down : nằm nghỉ come across: tình cờ phát 36 look after : chăm sóc = take care of come along with = accompany: tháp tùng 37 look up : tìm , tra cứu ( book/ dictionary ) come out = turn out/ appear: hóa 38 look for : tìm kiếm = search for 10 cool off ( nhiệt tình ) nguội lạnh , giảm 39 look down on/ upon: khinh thường 11 die out/ off: become extict: tiệt chủng 40 prevent …from + V-ing: ngăn ngừa khỏi … 12 dress up: trang trí/ ăn diện 41 put on : mặc ( quần áo ) , mang ( giày ) , đội ( mũ) 13 fall behind : thụt lui , tụt lại đằng sau 42 stare at: trừng, nhìn chằm vào 14 fill in : điền vào , ghi vào 43 glance at: liếc 15 get along with: hòa hợp với= get on (well) with 44 speak up : nói to , nói thẳng 16 get on = put on mặc quần áo 45 take after = resemble : giống 17 get over : vượt qua, khắc phục = recover from 46 take off : cởi ( quần áo , giày , mũ ) ; cất cánh 18 get up : thức dậy 47 try out : thử = test 19 give in : nhượng , chịu thua 48 turn off : khóa , tắt ( đèn , máy móc , động …) 20 give up = stop : từ bỏ , bỏ 49 turn on = switch on/ off 21 go away : biến , tan 50 turn up = arrive/ appear: đến/ xuất 22 go in : vào , vào 51 turn round : quay lại , thay đổi hướng 23 go off ( chuông ) : reo , ( súng , bom ) : nổ, ( đèn ) tắt 52 try on : mặc thử ( quần áo) , ( máy móc ) : hư = explode/ blow up 53 wait up ( for ) : thức đợi 24 go on = continue : tiếp tục = keep on/ cary on 54 wash up : rửa bát đĩa 25 go out ( ánh sáng , lửa , đèn ) : tắt 55 think over: xem xét 26 go up : trưởng thành/ tăng lên = grow up 56 think of: nghĩ 27 go down : (giá cả) : giảm xuống 57 watch out : đề phòng , y 28 go after : theo đuổi 58 Put off= delay/ pospone = hold up 29 go by ( thời gian ) : trôi qua 59 look out = be careful 63 under pressure : bị áp lực 64 under the weather : không khỏe , bị ốm 60 look at : nhìn 61 out of the question : 62 out of stock : hết hàng A PREPOSITIONS Instead of staying around the house all day, you should be out there looking a job A for B after C into Have you read any books Agatha Christie? A of B from C by Susan is fond reading comic books in her free time A on B for C of “What time will you arrive?” “I don‟t know It depends the traffic.” A of B for C from Tears contain an antiseptic that helps protect our eyes infection A on B with C in The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage the other car A of B for C to These days everybody is aware _ the dangers of smoking A on B of C with Mozart died Vienna in 1791 _ the age of 35 A in / on B in / at C at / in We waited ages for a taxi We gave up _ the end and walked home A in B on C at 10 Why are you never _ time? You always keep everybody waiting A in B on C for 11 Stuart: Good heaven! It‟s Nick Jenkins, isn‟t it? I don‟t believe it! Nick: Stuart! I haven‟t seen you we left school A for B from C since 12 13 14 D at D with TN 2013 D at D on TN 2013 D from D on D about D of / for D of D at D by A large number of inventions and discoveries have been made accident THPT 2015 A at B on C in D by When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favour _ science fiction A in B for C of D with 2015 Global warming will result crop failures and famine A of B to C in D from 2015 15 Albert is 85 and lives alone He needs somebody to look him A for B on C at D after 16 Don‟t go too fast I can‟t keep _ you A on to B on with C up to D up with 17 “This library card will give you free access the Internet eight hours a day.” A on B to C from D in 18 The initiative for founding the Red Cross came _ a Swiss man called Jean Henri Dunant A from B with C through D to 19 We received a call from the teacher charge of our course A to B on C in D.at ĐH 2014 20.We are worried _ the current situation of enviromental pollution in our country TN 2014 A of B on C about D at B PHRASAL VERBS 1.The young lady sat still in the afternoon breeze , with her hair _her back A running over B fallen against C flowed down D streaming down We should join hands to make our city green, clean , elegant TN 2014 A work together B take action C put together D make decisions To save energy, we should rememberto the lights before going out A turn on B turn off C turn up The nurse has to _ at the midnight A take care B take on C take over There is an inflation The prices ĐH 2014 TN 2013 D turn down C take off A are going on B are going down C are going over D are going up Remember to _ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house A take care B take on C take over C take off You can the new words in the dictionary A look for B look after C look up D look at It‟s cold outside your coat A put on B Put down C Put off D Put into Frank never turns up on time for a meeting A calls B arrives C reports D prepares 10 Never put off until tomorrow what you can today A B let C delay D leave 11 My father still hasn‟t really recovered from the death of my mother A looked after B taken after C gone off D got over 12 The bomb exploded with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town A went on B went out C went off D went away 13 John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute A take part in B take over C take place D take care of 14 Bill seems unhappy in his job because he doesn‟t get _ his boss A up to B on for C on well with D in with 15 While I was looking through my old albums the other day, I this photograph of my parents‟ wedding A made up B came across C took after D turned down ĐH 2014 16 We‟re already bought the house but won‟t it until May,when the present occupants have moved out A keep track of B gain recognition of C take possession of D catch sight of ĐH 2014 17 The government hopes to _ its plans for introducing cable TV A turn out B carry out C carry on D keep on 18 While I was looking through my old albums the other day, I _ this photograph of my parent‟s wedding turned down B came across C made up D took after 19 I was born in Scotland but I in Northern Ireland A grew up B raised C brought up D rose 20 The boy does not resemble his brother in any way TN 2013 A look after B take after C take up D look up 21 I could hear voices but I couldn‟t what they were saying ĐH 2014 A bring about B make out C turn up D try out 22 I woke up when the alarm clock A took off B turned off C went off D put off TN 2014 23 I agree with most of what you said, but I can‟t stand your idea of letting children leave school at 14 A go along with B keep up with C put up with D catch up with 24: He is doing very badly but he tries to appearances A hold on B stick to C keep up D make out 25 I know we had an argument, but not I‟d quite like to………………… A bring up B look down C make up D fall out 26 I‟m sorry, but I just can‟t your behaviour any longer A go along with B get on with C keep up with D put up with 27 What chemical is this? It's _ a horrible smell A giving over B giving off C giving down D giving up 28 Learning English isn't so difficult once you _ A get down to it B get off it C get on it D get down with it 29 The teacher asked a difficult question, but finally Ted………………………….a good answer A put up with B made room for C came up with D caught sight of 30 It is very important for a firm or a company to keep the changes in the market A pace of B track about C touch with D up with 31 The forecast has revealed that the world‟s reserves of fossil fuel will have by 2015 A taken over B caught up C used off D run out 32 She had to borrow her sister‟s car because hers was A off work B out of order C off chance D out of work 33 John has finally found a new job after being for three months A out of order B out of mind C out of work th THPT 2015 D out of reach 34 Nguyen Thi Anh Vien performed so well in the 28 Sea Games women’s 200m butterfly that none of her rivals could her A catch up with B look up to C come up to D put up with THPT 2015 35: The Second World War in 1939 A turned up B took out C brought about D broke out 36 “We'd better if we want to get there in time.” A take up B put down C speed up D turn down 37 The teamwere eager to make the loss of the previous match A off with B up with C up for D away with 38 I am sorry I have no time at present to detail of our plan A go into B bring in C come in D take into 39 “My secretary will book you an afternoon flight and have you _ at the airport.” A to pick up B picked up C pick up D picking up 40 We‟re already bought the house but won‟t _ it until May, when the present occupants have moved out A keep track of B take possession of C gain recognition of D catch sight of 41 He retired early………………………his bad health A on behalf of B in front of C on account of D in spite of 42 I …………….Katie, an old friend of mine, on the way home from work yesterday A came into B ran into C call off D get into 43 Would you like a beer? – Not while I‟m _ A in the act B in order C on duty D under control 44 Yes, I agree, but at the same time it‟s not the end of the world A worth worrying about B worth talking about C worth looking at D worth speaking about 45 When the manager of our company retires, the deputy manager will that position A stand for B take over C catch on D hold on 2017 46 Peter is disappointed at not getting the job, but he will it soon A take on B get over C go through D come over 2017 47 The company management decided to more workers to meet the production schedule A take on B make out C take over D make up 48 A lot of research in medical science has been to improve human health A made up B carried out C taken up D given off 49: You shouldn't lose heart; success often comes to those who are not _ by failures A left out B put off C switched off D turned on 2018 50: The school drama club is a play for the school's anniversary, which is due to take place next month A turning up B making off C putting on D bringing down 51: Many parents tend to make their children study hard in the belief that good education will enable them to in the future A turn up B get on C get out D turn away 52: The coastal city is extra buses during the summer because of a considerable increase in the number of tourists A making up B turning out C putting on D taking off III VERB TENSES Thì Dạng Khẳng định Phủ định SIMPLE PRESENT (Hiện Tại đơn) S + V[-s/es] S + don’t / doesn’t + V(inf) SIMPLE PAST (Quá Khứ đơn) S + V-ed/2 S + didn’t + V(inf) Nghi vấn Bị động Nhận biết Thì Dạng Khẳng định Phủ định Nghi vấn Bị động Nhận biết Thì Dạng Khẳng định Phủ định Nghi vấn Bị động Nhận biết Thì Dạng Khẳng định Phủ định Nghi vấn Bị động Nhận biết Do / Does + S + V(inf) …? …am / is / are + V-ed/3… Did + S + V(inf) …? …was / were + V-ed/3… - yesterday - last : last week, last Sunday… - ago : two months ago, five years ago… - in the past - always, usually, occasionally, often, … - every : every day, every year… - once…, twice…, times… PRESENT CONTINUOUS (Hiện Tại tiếp diễn) S + am / is / are + V-ing S + am not / isn’t / aren’t + V-ing Am / Is / Are + S + V-ing …? …am / is / are + being + V-ed/3… - now, at present - at the / this moment - Sau câu mệnh lệnh : Keep silent! The baby is sleeping PRESENT PERFECT (Hiện Tại hoàn thành) PAST CONTINUOUS (Quá Khứ tiếp diễn) S + was / were + V-ing S + wasn’t / weren’t + V-ing Was / Were + S + V-ing …? …was / were + being + V-ed/3… - At that moment - When / As + (simple past): When I came, she was crying - While : A dog crossed the road while I was driving PAST PERFECT (Qúa Khứ hoàn thành) S + has / have + V-ed/3 S + had + V-ed/3 S + hasn’t / haven’t + V-ed/3 Has / Have + S + V-ed/3 …? …has / have + been + V-ed/3… - just, already, ever, yet, recent(ly), lately - since, for : since 1995, for years - so far, up to now S + hadn’t + V-ed/3 Had + S + V-ed/3…? …had been + V-ed/3… - after + (past perfect), (simple past) - before + (simple past), (past perfect) SIMPLE FUTURE (Tương Lai đơn) FUTURE PERFECT (Tương Lai hoàn thành) S + will + V (inf) S + will have+ V-ed/3 S + won’t + V (inf) Will + S + V (inf)…? …will be + V-ed/3… S + won’t have + V-ed/3 Will + S + have + V-ed/3…? …will be + V-ed/3… - tomorrow - next… : next week, next Monday - in the future - by the end of this month - by + (simple present) EXERCISE: 1) John …………tennis once or twice a week A usually B is usually playing C usually plays 2) Tom: „I ……………… for Christine Do you know where she is ?‟ David: „She has gone out.‟ A look B looked C am looking 3) I …………along the street when I suddenly heard footsteps behind me A was walking B am walking C walk 4) She ……………….German for two years A has learnt B is learning C learn 5) As soon as I saw the advertisement, I the house agent A phone B had phoned C have phoned 6) When I last ………………Jane , she …………… to find a job D have usually played D looks D walked D learns TN 2013 D phoned A see – trying B saw – was trying C have seen – tried D saw – tried 7) She was overjoyed because her article TN 2013 A has been published B has published C had been published D had published 8) The Olympic Games …………………every four years A take place B takes place C took place D is taking place 9) I ……………lots about the job so far A have learnt B am learning C had learnt D learn 10) At present, the new director to foster a culture of open communication within the company 2013 A tried B was trying C tries D is trying 11) I my old school teacher last week THPT 2017 A visited B visit C am visiting D have visited 12) When their first child was born , they ……….married for three years A have been B had been C will be D will have been 13) We were extremely tired at the end of the journey We …….for more than 24 hours A.had been traveling B were traveling C have traveled D traveled 14) The man sitting next to me on the plane was nervous because he ……………… before A hasn‟t flown B didn‟t fly C hadn‟t flown D wasn‟t flying 15) There „s plenty of time You ……………………hurry A don‟t have to B mustn‟t C have not to D won‟t 16) A few days ago , I ………that Jane …………………for New York A learn – had left B learned – had left C learned – has left D learn – will leave 17) He has been selling motorcycles ………………………… A ten years ago B since ten years C for last ten years D for ten years 18) Mark was listening to music while his sister …………….a book A read B reads C is reading D was reading 19) You ………… here for my party , won‟t you ? A shall be B won‟t be C will be D are going to be 20) She ……………music all day Now she feels tired A has been playing B is playing C played D plays 21 Not until…………… himself seriously ill A he had completed the task did he find B had he completed the task did he find C had he completed the task he found D did he completed the task he had found 22 Carbon dioxide as one of the main contributors to the greenhouse effect had identified B had been identified C has been identified D has identified 23 “Could you turn off the stove? The potatoes _ for at least thirty minutes A boiled B were boiling C have been boiling D are boiling 24 “I‟d rather you home now.” A going B go C gone D went 25 In a few hours, we _ the test, and we‟ll go home and rest A are finishing B have finished C will have finished D will be finishing 26 I regret going to the cinema I wish I 27 A didn't go there B haven't gone there C hadn't gone there D would By the end of this week, my illness …………… me $100 A cost B has cost C will have cost D will has cost not go there 28 Rodney for the company for very long before he was promoted A hadn‟t been working B hasn‟t been working C didn‟t used to work D didn‟t work 29 How long ago to learn French? A did you start B were you starting C have you started D would you start 30 An eyewitness described how ten people _ in the fire A had been being killed B were killed C had been killed D had killed 31 I all of my homework last night A finish B will finish 32 Lan learning English a few years ago A starts B will start C have finished D finished C started D is starting 2017 2017 33 Only after she _ from a severe illness did she realise the importance of good health 2018 A would recover B has recovered C.had recovered D was recovering 34 Only after the bus for a few miles did Jane realise she was on the wrong route was running B had run C has run 35 Linda rarely goes to school by bike, but today she _ a bike A rides B is riding C is going to ride D runs D will ride IV VERB FORMS I Bare infinitive : (bare) động từ nguyên mẫu không “to” Sau modal verb ( động từ khiếm khuyết ), sau auxilary verb : do, does, did Sau make, let, help ( sau help có To inf ) Passive voice  dùng to inf theo sau Trừ let Sau động từ giác quan:(verbs of perception ) : see, hear, smell, feel, taste, watch, notice … Sau had better ( tốt ) would rather ( ), had sooner Causative form (Thể sai khiến): S + have + object ( người ) + Vo (bare) Bắt đầu câu mệnh lệnh: ( imprative ) II To infinitive (V1) động từ nguyên mẫu có To) Làm subject  V(sing) (review formal subject) It + take+ (object) + time + to inf / S + find it + adj + to-V (inf) Sau số động từ sau đây: a Những động từ sau đây, theo sau to infinitive : S + V + to inf afford : cung cấp đủ 11 decide : định 21 manage agree : đồng ý 12 demand : yêu cầu 22 mean appear : 13 deserve : xứng đáng 23 threaten arrange : xếp 14 expect : trông đợi 24 offer ask : hỏi 15 dare : dám 25 plan attempt : cố gắng 16 fail : thất bại 26 prepare beg : đề nghị, xin 17 struggle : đấu tranh, cố gắng 27 pretend care : quan tâm 18 hesitate : ngập ngừng 28 promise claim : cho là, tuyên bố 19 hope : hy vọng 29 refuse 10 wish : ao ước 20 tend : có khuynh hướng 30 seem : xoay xở : muốn : dọa : mời : dự định, kế hoạch : chuẩn bị : giả vờ : hứa : từ chối : dường b Những động từ sau đây, theo sau Obj + to inf: S + V + objective + to inf advise : khuyên 10 expect : trông đợi 19 order : lệnh allow: cho phép 11 forbid : cấm 20 permit : cho phép ask : hỏi, đòi hỏi 12 force : bắt buộc 21 persuade : thuyết phục beg : năn nỉ, xin 13 provoke : xúi giục 22 remind : nhắc lại cause : gây 14 desire : ao ước 23 require : yêu cầu challenge : thách thức 15 invite : mời 24 recommend : khuyên convince : thuyết phục 16 warn : cảnh báo 25 tell : bảo help : giúp đỡ 17 tempt : cám dỗ 26 would like : thích encourage khuyến khích 18 intend : dự định 27 would prefer : thích Note: Teach, explain, know, understand, discover, consider, think, believe + how + to inf :Chỉ cách thức III Gerund : Danh động từ A Gerund as a noun ( subj , obj, complement & appositive) Làm chủ ngữ  V(sing)  ( real subject & informal subject ) Sau giới từ: on, in, at, with … Sau động từ: love, like, enjoy >< hate, detest, dislike admit : thừa nhận delay : trì hõan 15 practise : luyện tập suggest : đề nghị recall : gợi lại, nhớ lại 16 finish : hòan thành anticipate : tham gia 10 recollect : gợi lại 17 postpone : đình, hõan appreciate : đánh giá cao 11 recommend : khuyên, dặn dò 18 forgive : tha thứ avoid : tránh 12 risk : liều lĩnh 19 miss : nhớ, lỡ, stop : ngừng, từ bỏ 13 deny : từ chối 20 imagine : tưởng tượng consider : xem xét 14 understand : hiểu 21 involve : làm liên lụy 10 A following B giving up C trying D interrupting 13) If I take the pessimistic viewpoint, Tokyo won't be a safe place to live in A negative B optimistic C optical D neutral 14) People who live in towns and cities live in an urban environment A remote B deserted C suburban D rural 15) There is pollution not only of the physical environment because the various pressure of urban life causes cities to breed crime A social B mental C moral D manual 16) Governments have to join hands to solve the environmental problems on a global scale A worldwide B nationwide C local D international 17) Cutting down on energy use is the best way to help reduce global warming A Shrinking B Declining C Decreasing D Increasing 18) We should grow more trees so that they can absorb more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere A emit B take in C consume D cut off 19) Many people afraid that the victory of US president-elect Donald Trump might affect stability in Asia, more specifically in the ASEAN region A failure B insecurity C poverty D weakness 20) At first, he was reluctant to help us However, after persuading for a long time, he agreed to play the guitar at our tea-shop A hesitate B willing C eager D keen THPT 2017& 2018 As a sociable boy, Jack enjoys spending his free time going out with friends A mischievous B outgoing C caring D shy It's not a pleasant feeling to discover you've been taken for a ride by a close friend A driven away B deceived deliberately C given a lift D treated with sincerity Today students are under a lot of pressure due to the high expectations from their parents and teachers A nervousness B emotion C stress D relaxation Don't tell Jane anything about the surprise party for Jack She has got a big mouth A can't eat a lot B hates parties C talks too much D can keep secrets I'm sure he will be home and dry in the interview because he has good qualifications and wide experience A be successful B be satisfied C be unsuccessful D be unsatisfied Many people feel nervous when they first make a speech in public A impressed B fearful C confident D upset If you are at a loose end tomorrow, why don't we spend the day sunbathing and relaxing on the beach? A having a lot to B having nothing to C having nothing to lose D having a lot to gain The twin girls are so identical that I can't distinguish one from the other A similar B alike C different D changeable 9: With price increases on most necessities, many people have to tighten their belt for fear of getting into financial difficulties dress in loose clothes B spend money freely C save on daily expenses D put on tighter belts 10: Today the number of start-ups in Vietnam is mounting as the government has created favourable conditions for them to develop their business A peaking B varying C decreasing D rising 11: The research findings were reliable since modern technology was used to increase the precision of the sampling procedure A exactness B inaccuracy C insecurity D flexibility 31 12: Despite the traffic hold-ups, we were able to arrive at the airport in the nick of time just before the check-in counter closed A with all our luggage B in a terrible condition C at the very last moment D with much time to spare 13: Judy has just won a full scholarship to one of the most prestigious universities in the country; she must be on cloud nine now A extremely panicked B obviouslydelighted C incredibly optimistic D desperately sad 14: People nationwide have acted without hesitation to provide aids for the victims in the disaster-stricken areas A uncertainty B willingness C awareness D reluctance 15: Despite careful preparation, the candidate got cold feet when asked a challenging and gave an unsatisfactory answer A had a fever B stayed confident C got nervous D became aggressive 16: Winning the first prize in the National Math Competition was the highest achievement he got when he was at school A failure B success C comprehension D completion XIII MODAL VERBS You …………us about the changes in the plans We need time to prepare for everything A should have told B must have told C can‟t have told D might tell We have enough food at home, so we _ go shopping today A mustn‟t B needn‟t C should D couldn‟t By the 1300s, the Spanish had learnt that gunpowder could propel an object with incredible force A using it to B used to C be used to D been used to That cannot be a true story He it up A must have made B should have made C would have made D can have made He to the doctor after the accident, but he continued to play instead A must have gone B should have gone C couldn‟t go D didn‟t have to go The kitchen dirty because she has just cleaned it A should be B can‟t be C mustn‟t be D may be “You have cooked so many dishes There are only three of us for lunch.” A wouldn‟t B oughtn‟t C needn‟t D couldn‟t He us but he was short of money at the time A can help B could have helped C would help D might help Bressica look very tired She have stayed up late to finish her assignment last night A would B will C must D should You …………….out yesterday without a coat No wonder you caught a cold A hadn‟t gone B haven‟t gone C shouldn‟t have gone D mustn‟t have gone 10 Luckily, I ……………… a new pair of sunglasses as found mine at the bottom of the a bag A needn‟t have bought B should have bought C need have bought D must have bought 11 Since they aren‟t answering their telephone, they…………………… A must have left B need have left C should have left D can‟t have left 12 Whenever my parents went out in the evening, I _ the job of taking care of my younger brother A had better get B should get C must have gotten D would get 13 Someone here recently: these ashes are still warm A must have been B should be C might have been D had to be 14 Take an umbrella with you when you go out It rain A must B may C needs D ought to 15 The room looked dirty It _ for a long time A might not have been cleaned B might not been cleaned 32 C needn‟t have been cleaned D might not have cleaned 16 Larry drove all night to get here for his sister's wedding He _ exhausted by the time he arrived A ought to be B must have been C could be D will have been 17 We found the exam extremely easy We so hard A needn't study B needn't be studying C needn't have studied D needn't have been studied 18 Changes have been made in our primary schooling program As a result, young children _ homework any more A needn‟t B oughtn‟t C couldn‟t D haven‟t THPT 2015 19 You use your mobile phone during the test It's against the rules THPT 2017 A mightn't B mustn't C oughtn't D needn't 20 I'm not sure, but Tony probably get that demanding job A must B need C ought D might 21 All students hand in their assignments by Friday at the latest A ought B might C must D may 22: There is no excuse for your late submission! You _ the report by last Friday A mightn't have finished B should have finished C needn't have finished D must have finished 23 Adrian got surprisingly high grades in the final exam He his lessons very carefully A would have revised B needn't have revised C can't have revised D must have revised 24 They were at the stadium with us last night, so they at the theatre then A needn't have been B should have been C might have been D can't have been 25 I've been waiting for hours You _ to tell me you would come late A oughtn't to have phoned B must have phoned C should have phoned D needn't have phoned XIV THE PASSIVE VOICE I Form: Active sentence: Subj + V + Obj Passive sentence: Subj + BE + V3 / VoED (động từ chính) + by Obj II NHỮNG TRƢỜNG HỢP PASSIVE VOICE ĐẶC BIỆT 1-Causative form(thể truyền khuyến): a/Active voice: -S + Have + Obj(chỉ người) + Vo Ex: I have him repair my bicycle -S + Get + Obj (chỉ người) + to infi Ex: I get him to repair my bicycle b/Passive voice: -S + Have/Get + Obj (chỉ vật) + V3 / Vo ED Ex: I have/get my bicycle repaired by him Sau động từ ý kiến (verb of opinion): say, think , believe, report, rumour, know, consider, claim Active: S1+ verb1 ( say/ believe/ think ) (that) +S2+ verb2 Passive: Cách 1: It + be + Vpp / Vo ED (verb1) + S2 + verb Cách 2: S2 + be + VPpp / Vo ED (verb1) + to-infinitive (verb 2) / + to have + Vpp / Vo ED (verb 2) V2 trước V1 Ex: People say that he was crazy → It is said that he was crazy He is said to have been crazy.( to have been say was khác thì) Ex: People say that money brings happiness → It is said that money brings happiness Money is said to bring happiness Sau động từ giác quan(verb of perception): see, hear, smell, feel, taste, watch, notice, make, help, bid Ex: I hear him come in -> He is heard to come in (nếu câu chủ động coming giữ nguyên câu bị động) Imperative(câu mệnh lệnh): Ex: a Open the door -> Let the door be opened b They let him go out -> He was allowed to go out / He was let go out Need + to be + V3 / Vo ED = Need + Voing 33 Ex: Your shirt needs to be ironed / Your shirt needs ironing It + be + adjective + to-infinitive + sth Passive: It + be + adjective + for sth + to be + V3 / Vo ED Exercises: Many U.S automobiles - in Detroit , Michigan A manufacture B have manufactured C.are manufactured D.are manufacturing Endangered species by the World Wildlife Fund TN 2009 A are protected B would protect C be protected D will protect Let‟s go ahead and it now Nothing by waiting A.will be accomplished B accomplished C has accomplished D accomplishes Since the computer it has made considerable changes to our daily life TN 2012 A has invented B is invented C was invented D invented The rescuers for their bravery and fortitude in locating the lost mountain climbers A were praised B praised C were praising D praising Vitamin C by the human body It gets into the bloods stream quickly A absorbs easily B is easily absorbing C is easily absorbed D absorbed easily Renoir is one of the most popular French impressionist painters His paintings - masterpieces all over the world A had considered B are considering C are considered D consider We can‟t go along here because the road is - A been repaired B being repaired C repaired D repairing More than 50 films - in HCMC since June A were shown B had been shown C have been shown D.have shown 10 George is - Lisa A marry with B marry to C married with D married to 11 DNA tests accepted in our court cases A are known B were used C have been D will have 12 The child‟s arm was swollen because he by a bee A had being stung B had stung C stung D had been stung 13 Mr Wilson is - as Willie to his friend A known B knew C is known D knowed 14 If you - by the police for speeding , what would you ? A stopped B are stopped C was stopped D.were stopped 15 His car needs - A be fixed B to be fixing C to be fixed D.fixed 16 It that the strike will end soon A is expected B expected C are expected D was expected 17 These tennis courts don‟t - very often Not many people want to play A got used B used C get used D get use 18 Each word in our mental dictionaries with its unique sound and meaning A must store B must be stored C must is stored D must to be stored 19 These instructions - precisely A must follow B must followed C must to be followed D must be followed 20 Tuition and fees - if a student withdraws after the fifteenth day of the team A not refunded B will not be refunded C will be not refunded D will not refund 21 When I was a child , I by my parents A used to punished B use to be punished C use to punish D used to be punished 22.An international conference - in Hanoi next week A will held B will be hold C is going to hold D will be held 23 The day of the meeting again 34 A will change B will be changed C.will has to be changed D.will have to change 24 Mary - about our change in plans A has told B has just been told C has been just told D.had been just told 25.These books back to the library A should have given B should give C should have been given D.must have given 26 The earth - to be flat A believed B is believed C.was believed D is considered 27.He is rumoured to - on the way home A have attacked B be attacked C attacked D have been attacked 28 The flight to Hanoi because of the bad weather A can postpone B will postpone C.can be postponed D can be postpone 29 Had there been your presence, everything - carefully A would have arranged B would have been arranged C would be arranged D.will be arranged 30 The headmaster has decided that three lecture halls in our school next semester THPT 2015 A will build B will be built C are being built D will be building LANGUAGE IN COMMUNICATION George : "In my opinion, action films are exciting" Frankie : " " A There's no doubt about it B You shouldn't have said that C What an opinion! D Yes, Congratulation! Susan : "Can you the cooking today?" Bill : " _." A Yes, please B Oh, all right C No, thank you D I know that A: “ I‟ve passed my exam.” - B: “………………….” a Good luck b It‟s nice of you to say so c That‟s a good idea d Congratulations! “Would you mind turning your stereo down?”- “……………………….” A I‟m really sorry! I‟m not paying attention B Oh, I‟m sorry! I didn‟t realize that C No, I don‟t D, yes, I John: “Will you be able to come to the meeting?” Jack: “ _.” A Of course you will B I‟m afraid not C I‟m sorry not D You must be kidding What a lovely house you have! -“………………….…” a You‟re welcome b Thank you Hope you will drop in c Of course, it‟s costly d No problem Would you like to go to the movie with me ?-“… ” a No,I wouldn‟t That‟s boring b I‟d love to but I can‟t c Yes, I‟d like to d I‟d love John: “ Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?” - Laura: “………….” A Of course not, you bet! B Well, that‟s very surprising C There‟s no doubt about it D Yes, it‟s an absurd idea A: …………………… – B: Certainly a Welcome back b What are you doing there? c I‟m sorry I am late d May I borrow a pen please? 10 Ann: “ What you usually on Sunday?” Mary: “ …………….” a I used to drive to work b I‟d be sleeping all day c I‟m not doing anything d I usually sleep until noon 11 Mary: “Thanks a lot for your help.” – John: “ .” A My happiness B My excitement C My delight D My pleasure 12 Tom: “When are we leaving for the concert?” – Kyle: “ .” A No problem B Certainly C That‟s right D Straight away 13: Phuong Thao is a student in Ms Lan‟s writing class She is asking for Ms Lan‟s comments on her last essay Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Phuong Thao: “You must have found reading my essay very tiring” Ms Lan: “ I enjoyed it.” 35 A At all costs B Not in the least C Just in case D You are welcome 14 Mike and Lane are university students They are talking about Lane‟s upcoming high-school reunion Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Mike: “So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?” Lane: “ _” THPT 2015 A Oh, the school reunion was wonderful B The food at the reunion was excellent C Yeah I‟m really looking forward to it D No You‟re in no mood for the event 15 Ken and Tom are high-school students They are discussing where their study group will meet Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Ken: “Where is our study group going to meet next weekend?” Tom: “ _” THPT 2015 A We are too busy on weekdays B The library would be best C Why don‟t you look at the atlas? D Studying in a group is great fun 16 Maria: “Thanks for the lovely evening.” Diana: “ .” A No, it‟s not good B I‟m glad you enjoyed it C Yes, it‟s really great D Oh, that‟s right 17 Mary: “ I‟ve got an interview for a job tomorrow.” – Peter: “ ………… …… ” a Thank you b Same to you c Good luck d See you 18 Mary; “……………………” – Jane: “ He is tall and thin with blue eyes” A What does John like? B What does John look like? C Who does John look like? D How is John? 19 A: Are you coming on Saturday? – B: …………… a I‟m afraid not b I‟m afraid not to c I‟m afraid to d I‟m afraid I don‟t 20 David: “ Is it all right if I use your bike?” – John: “………………………” A Sure, go ahead B I don‟t care C Oh, forget it D I accept it 21 David: “ Would you like beer or wine?”- Brown: “………………… ” A No, I‟ve no choice B I couldn‟t agree more C Yes, I‟d love to D I‟d prefer beer, please 22 “ Why didn‟t you finish the project on time?- “…………………… ” A He has trouble getting to the airport on time B It turned out to be more complicated than we thought C We did it by typing D The finish on your floors is just beautiful 23 “ How are you getting on your new job?”- “…………………… ” A I really enjoy it B It offers me a good salary C I‟m very well, thanks D I have to travel to work every day 24 “What shall we this evening?”- “………………………” A Let‟s go out for dinner B Oh, that‟s good C No problem D I went out for dinner 25 Margaret: “ Could you open the window, please?- Henry: “……………………… ” A I am, of course B Yes, with pleasure C I feel sorry D Yes, I can 26 “ …………………… ”- “Oh, thank you” A Do I carry that bag for you? B Will I carry that bag for you? C Would I carry that bag for you? D Shall I carry that bag for you? 27 “ Could I get you something else to eat?”- “………………….” A I‟m having a hamburger B No, I‟m not C Let‟s go to the restaurant D No thanks, I‟m full 28 “ Which class you have on Tuesday morning?”- “…………………………… ” A French B I don‟t like to wake up early C We can go together D It‟s made in France 29 “ Is it far to the international airport from here?”- “…………………….” A Yeah, it‟s pretty far B By taxi C None at all D Sure, no problem 30 “ Haven‟t you been here before?” ”……………………… ” A No, I was here in 1999 B Yes, I was here in 1999 C No, of course D No problem 31 “ Did you find any pencils?”- “………………… ‟ A Yes, I lost my favourite pen B Yes, in the supply cabinet C Yes , those pencils are expensive D Yes, pencils are useful 36 “ Will there be any seats left?”- “……………………” A I am not afraid so B I suppose not C I expect not D I think not 33 “ Are my photos ready, please?”- “………………… We are having problems with the machine.” A I‟m afraid not B I‟m afraid so C I hope so D I‟m sure so 34 “ Would you like to go swimming?”- “…………………… ” A No, I don‟t B No, of course not C I‟d love to but I‟m busy D Thanks, I can manage 35 “ What a lovely dog you have!”- “……………….” A Thank you It‟s a present from my brother B Thanks I‟m just fine C Don‟t worry That‟s what friends are for D Never mind I‟ll take care of it 36 Mary: “…………………………” Peter: “ Congratulations!” A I didn‟t the test well B I‟ve been got in stuck in the traffic jam C I believe I‟ll pass the exam D We‟re going to get married next month 37 “…………!”- “Thanks My mother bought it for me” A What nice coat you are wearing B How nice your coat is C What a nice coat you are D How a nice coat you are wearing 38 Peter: “ I thought your baseball game was a lot better, Phil!”- Phil: “……………… ” A You‟ve got to be kidding I thought it was bad B Thank you I‟d love to C No, thanks I think I can it D Yes, please Just a little 39 Tom: “ Can you make it at 3p.m, on Friday for our meeting?”- Tony: “…………………….” A Very well, thanks B OK, that‟s fine C That‟s not true, I met him three days ago D You have a point there, but I don‟t think so 40 Mary: “ As I see it, women often drive more carefully than men John: “…………………………! More accidents are caused by men.” A Never mind B Absolutely C Yes, please D What nonsense! 41 Ben: “……………” – Jane: “ Never mind” A Congratulations! How wonderful! B Sorry for staining your carpet Let me have it cleaned C Thank you for being honest with me D Would you mind going to dinner next Sunday? 42 Student: “Could you help me to fax this report?”- Librarian: “………………………” A sorry I have no idea B It‟s very kind of you to say so C What rubbish! I don‟t think it‟s helpful D Certainly What‟s the fax number?” 43 Mary: “ Let me bring something to your party tonight, won‟t you?” – Laura: “………………….” A Sorry I‟ve ready had plan for tonight B In my opinion, you are correct C That really surprises me D It‟s enough just to have you come 44 Ted: “ When you go to the post office, could you please get some stamps for me?” Jack: “…………….” A I understand completely B Sure, How many? C Thank you I‟d love to D That‟s just what I think 45 David: “ Thanks for the delicious meal‟- Joan “………………………” A Never wonder B No problem C All right D I‟m glad you enjoyed it 46 Bill: “ Can I get you another drink” - Jerry: “……………….” A Forget it B No, it isn‟t C No, I‟ll think it over D Not just now 47 Liz: “ Thanks for the nice gift you brought to us!”- Jennifer: “…………….” A All right Do you know how much it cost? B Not at all Don‟t mention it C Actually speaking, I myself don‟t like it D Welcome! It‟s very nice of you 48 “Do you think it‟s going to rain?”- “…………… I‟m just about to go out.” A Well, I know not B Well, I‟m sure not C Well, I hope not D Well, I expect not 49 “ Who didn‟t attend the meeting yesterday?”- “………………………… ” A The meeting was great B John came late C It finished late D The personnel manager 50 “ What does Bob for a living?”- “…………………….” A He‟s a doctor B He‟s leaving early C He lives in a nice neighborhood D He has a high salary 32 37 THPT QG 2017&2018 Liz is telling Andrew about her first novel Liz: "Guess what? My first novel has just been published." Andrew: " " A It's my pleasure B Congratulations! C Better luck next time! D It's very kind of you Jenny and her teacher are meeting at the bus stop Jenny: "Good afternoon, Miss How are you?" Teacher: " And you?" A I'm going home B I'm leaving now C I'm thirty years old D Fine, thank you Linda is thanking Daniel for his birthday present Linda: "Thanks for the book I've been looking for it for months." Daniel: " ." A You can say that again B Thank you for looking for it C I like reading books D I'm glad you like it David and his teacher are meeting at the school gate David: "Good morning, Mr Deakin How are you?" Mr Deakin: " _ And you?" A I'm busy now B I'm fine Thank you C I'm going home D I'm having a class now Mary and John are meeting at the cinema Mary: "Hi, John How are you?" - John: " And you?" A Fine, thanks B I'm thirty-five years old C I'm free today D I'm not working today Anna and Ms White are meeting in a bookshop Anna: "Good morning, Ms White How are you?" Ms White: "Hi, Anna And you?" A I'm fine, thanks B I'm forty years old C I'm not working today D I'm looking for a book Andrew is talking to a waiter in a restaurant Andrew: "Can I have the bill, please?" Waiter: " ." A You are very kind B Just a minute, please C My pleasure D You're exactly right Mrs Smith and her students are visiting the zoo Mike: "Can I feed the gorilla, Mrs Smith?" Mrs Smith: " The sign says 'No feeding the animals'." A Of course you can B I don't think it works C I'm sure about that D I'm afraid not 9: Nancy and James are talking about their school days - Nancy: "I think school days are the best time of our lives." - James: " _ We had sweet memories together then." A I'm afraid so B Absolutely C That's nonsense D I doubt it 10: John and Mike are talking about Mike's new car - John: " _" Mike: "Thanks I'm glad to hear that." A Where did you buy your car? B What a nice car! C Your car is new, isn't it? D My car is very expensive 11: Silas is talking to his roommate, Salah, about the Olympic Games - Silas: "Do you think our country can host the Olympic Games some day in the future?" - Salah: " We can't afford such a big event." A You can say that again B I can't agree with you more C Yes, you're right D No, I don't think so 12: Laura is telling Bob about her exam results Laura: " " Bob: "That's great Congratulations!" A I hope I'll pass the exam tomorrow B I've passed the exam with an A C I'll get the exam results tomorrow D I didn't well in the exam 13: Two students are talking about the school curriculum - Ted: "Swimming should be made part of the school curriculum." - Kate: " It is an essential life skill." 38 A.Oh, that's a problem B I can't agree with you more C Not at all D You can make it 14: Jane is talking to Mike, who has just helped her with her luggage - _ Jane: " " Mike: "It's my pleasure." A It's too heavy B It's not my duty C Thanks a lot, indeed D Welcome back 15: Adam and Janet are at the school canteen Adam: " " Janet: "Yes, please." A Do you mind if I sit here? B Can you pass me the salt, please? C It's a bit hot in here, isn't it? D Would you like a cup of coffee? 16: Jenny and Jimmy are talking about university education - Jenny: "I think having a university degree is the only way to succeed in life." - Jimmy: " There are successful people without a degree." A That's life B That's all right C I don't quite agree D I can't agree more WRITING Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the given one 1) "Leave my house now or I'll call the police!" shouted the lady to the man A The lady threatened to call the police if the man didn't leave her house B The lady said that she would call the police if the man didn't leave her house C The lady told the man that she would call the police if he didn't leave her house D The lady informed the man that she would call the police if he didn't leave her house 2) It is possible that some of the students saw the exam paper last week A The exam paper should have been seen by some of the students B The exam paper may have been seen by some of the students C The exam paper is possibly seen by some of the students D The exam paper can be seen by some of the students 3) You can stay in the flat for free as long as you pay the bills A Without the bills paid, you can stay in the free flat B Whether you pay the bills or stay in the flat, it is free C Provided you pay the bills, you can stay in the flat for free D Unless the flat is free of bills, you cannot stay in it 4) 'Don't be so disappointed Jane You can take the driving test again,' said Helen A Helen told Jane not to be disappointed and take the driving test again B Helen asked Jane not to be disappointed and offered her another driving test C Helen warned Jane not to be di3appointed' in order to take the driving test again D Helen encouraged Jane to take the driving test again 5) David broke his leg, so he couldn’t play in the final A If David didn‟t break his leg, he could play in the final B If David hadn‟t broken his leg, he could play in the final now C David couldn‟t play in the final due to his broken leg D But for his broken leg, David couldn‟t have played in the final 6) This is the first time she has attended such an enjoyable birthday party A She has never attended such an enjoyable birthday party before B She had the first enjoyable birthday party C Her attendance at the first birthday party was enjoyable D The first birthday party she attended was enjoyable 7) “It was nice of you to give me the present Thank you.” Mary said to Helen A Mary thanked Helen for the present B Mary asked Helen for the present C Mary was happy to give Helen the present D Mary was sorry to receive the present for Helen 39 8) We last went to that cinema months ago A We have been to the cinema for months B We haven‟t been to the cinema for months C We didn‟t want to go to the cinema anymore D We didn‟t go to the cinema for months 9) In spite of his poverty, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause A He could not devote his life to the revolutionary cause because of his poverty B Although he was poor, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause C If he had not been so poor, he could have devoted his life to the revolutionary cause D He led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause, but he was so poor 10) You are in this mess right now because you didn’t listen to me in the first place A If you listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn‟t be in this mess right now B If you listen to my advice in the first place, you will not be in this mess right now C If you had listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn‟t be in this mess right now D If you had listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn‟t have been in this mess right now 11) John told his friend, “Let me give Tom a lift to the train station if you can’t” A John advised his friend to give Tom a lift to the train station if you couldn‟t B John asked his friend to give Tom a lift to the train station if his friend couldn‟t C John urged that he should give Tom a lift to the train station if his friend couldn‟t D John volunteered to give Tom a lift to the train station if his friend couldn‟t 12) In the hope of finding the money, they didn’t call the police A They found the money, so there was no need to call the police B They thought they might find the money, so the police weren‟t called C They knew they would find the money, so they didn‟t call the police D If they found the money or not, they wouldn‟t call the police THPT QG 2017&2018 I haven't met my grandparents for five years A I often met my grandparents five years ago B I last met my grandparents five years ago C I have met my grandparents for five years D I didn't meet my grandparents five years ago We survived that accident because we were wearing our seat belts A But for our seat belts, we would have survived that accident B Had we not been wearing our seat belts, we wouldn't have survived that accident C Without our seat belts, we could have survived that accident D If we weren't wearing our seat belts, we couldn't have survived that accident "No, I won't go to work at the weekend," said Sally A Sally refused to go to work at the weekend B Sally promised to go to work at the weekend C Sally apologized for not going to work at the weekend D Sally regretted not going to work at the weekend He last visited London three years ago A He has been in London for three years B He hasn't visited London for three years C He didn't visit London three years ago D He was in London for three years They were late for the meeting because of the heavy snow A If it snowed heavily, they would be late for the meeting B Had it not snowed heavily, they would have been late for the meeting C But for the heavy snow, they wouldn't have been late for the meeting D If it didn't snow heavily, they wouldn't be late for the meeting "We will not leave until we see the manager," said the customers A The customers promised to leave before they saw the manager B The customers refused to leave until they saw the manager C The customers agreed to leave before they saw the manager 40 D The customers decided to leave because they did not see the manager "Why don't we go camping at the weekend?" he said A He denied going camping at the weekend B He suggested going camping at the weekend C He objected to going camping at the weekend D He apologized for going camping at the weekend He was successful in his career thanks to his parents' support A Had it not been for his parents' support, he wouldn't be successful in his career B If his parents hadn't supported him, he wouldn't have been successful in his career C But for his parents' support, he wouldn't be successful in his career D Without his parents' support, he would have been successful in his career I haven't visited my hometown for a few years A I have been in my hometown for a few years B I last visited my hometown a few years ago C I didn't visit my hometown a few years ago D I was in my hometown for a few years 10 They cancelled all the sporting events because of the heavy rain A Without the heavy rain, they wouldn't cancel all the sporting events B If it hadn't rained heavily, they would have cancelled all the sporting events C If it didn't rain heavily, they wouldn't cancel all the sporting events D Had it not rained heavily, they wouldn't have cancelled all the sporting events 11 I haven't heard from Susan for several months A I last heard from Susan several months ago B Susan didn't hear from me several months ago C Susan heard from me several months ago D I didn't hear from Susan several months ago 12 "I didn't give John the money," said Mary A Mary denied giving John the money B Mary admitted giving John the money C Mary suggested giving John the money D Mary remembered giving John the money 13: I find it useful to join the sports club A Joining the sports club is not useful for me B It is useful for me to join the sports club C I used to join the sports club D I never like ịoining the sports club 14: It is believed that modern farming methods have greatly improved farmers' lives A Farmers are believed to have enịoyed a much better life thanks to modern farming methods B Modern farming methods were believed to have greatly improved farmers' lives C Modern farming methods are believed to have had negative effects on farmers' lives D People believe that there is little improvement in farmers' lives thanks to modern farming methods 15: "Would you like to go to the show with me?" Anna said to Bella A Anna reminded Bella to go to the show with her B Anna persuaded Bella to go to the show with her C Anna encouraged Bella to go to the show with her D Anna invited Bella to go to the show with her 16: My friend has stopped eating fast food A My friend sometimes eats fast food B My friend doesn't like eating fast food C My friend no longer eats fast food D My friend has never eaten fast food 17: "You should take better care of your health," said Tom's mother A Tom's mother promised to take better care of his health B Tom's mother ordered him to take better care of his health C Tom's mother required him to take better care of his health D Tom's mother advised him to take better care of his health 18: They report that soil pollution has seriously threatened the livelihood of many local farmers A The livelihood of many local farmers was reported to be seriously endangered by soil pollution B It is reported that the livelihood of many local farmers has led to serious soil pollution C Soil pollution is reported to have posed a serious threat to the livelihood of many local farmers D It has been reported that soil pollution has actually put many local farmers' lives at risk 19: "I'm sorry I haven't finished the assignment," Fiona said A Fiona denied having finished the assignment B Fiona regretted having finished the assignment 41 C Fiona refused to finish the assignment D Fiona apologised for not finishing the assignment 20: Many people think that the new regulations will encourage people to use less energy A Lower consumption of energy is thought to lead to the introduction of the new regulations B The new regulations are thought to encourage lower consumption of energy C It is thought that the new regulations will encourage people to consume more energy D It was thought that lower consumption of energy was stimulated by the new regulations 21: It usually takes her an hour to drive to work A She usually spends an hour driving to work B She used to drive to work in an hour C She doesn't usually drive to work in an hour D She never spends an hour driving to work 22: "Don't forget to submit your assignments by Thursday," said the teacher to the students A The teacher reminded the students to submit their assignments by Thursday B The teacher allowed the students to submit their assignments by Thursday C The teacher ordered the students to submit their assignments by Thursday D The teacher encouraged the students to submit their assignments by Thursday 23: They expect that recent changes will bring about an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education A Recent changes are expected to lead to an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education B The quality of the country's education is expected to be the consequence of recent changes C It is expected that recent changes are caused by an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education D It was expected that recent changes would result in an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education 24: She wasn't early enough to catch the bus A She wasn't late for the bus C She arrived too early for the bus B She didn't arrive late for the bus D She was too late to catch the bus SENTENCE COMBINATION Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions 1) The holiday was so expensive We could only afford five days A It was such an expensive holiday that we could only afford five days B The holiday was dirt cheap, so we could afford more than five days C So expensive was a five-day holiday that we could hardly afford it D A five-day holiday wasn‟t cheap, so we couldn‟t afford it 2) The basketball team knew they lost the match They soon started to blame each other A As soon as they blamed each other, the basketball team knew they lost the match B No sooner had the basketball team started to blame each other than they knew they lost the match C Not only did the basketball team lose the match but they blamed each other as well D Hardly had the basketball team known they lost the match when they started to blame each other 3) He had just finished eating his breakfast Then he fell down A.Hardly did he finished eating his breakfast when he fell down B.Hardly he had finished eating his breakfast when he fell down C.Hardly had he finished eating his breakfast when he fell down D.Hardly have he finished eating his breakfast when he fell down 4) They painted the room in dark colors It needed some bright lights A.Having painted in dark colors, the room needed some bright lights B.Having been painted in dark colors, the room needed some bright lights C.As the room needed some bright lights , it was painted in dark colors D.The room needed some bright lights so that it was painted in dark colors 5) The Postal Service used the Roman god Mercury as its symbol This was replaced in 1837 with a running pony A The Postal Service, which used the Roman god Mercury as its symbol, was replaced in 1837 with a running pony B The Postal Service used the Roman god Mercury as its symbol, which was replaced in 1837 with a running pony C The Postal Service which was replaced in 1837 with a running pony used the Roman god Mercury as its symbol D The Postal Service used a running pony as its symbol, which was replaced in 1837 with the Roman god Mercury 42 6) The most successful candidates are not always the best educated They are the best trained in the technique A The most successful candidates are the best at training in the technique, if not they will need education B The most successful candidates are people who are trained well in the technique, although well educated C The most successful candidates are not only the best educated but also the best trained in the technique D The most successful candidates are not always the best educated, but the best trained in the technique 7) Some kinds of fish live in fresh water Others live in sea water A Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, for others live in sea water B Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, and others live in sea water C Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, or others live in sea water D Some kinds of fish live in fresh water, so others live in sea water 8) My mother is very busy with her work at the office She still takes good care of us A In spite of being very busy with her work at the office, my mother takes good care of us B Because my mother is very busy with her work at the office, she takes good care of us C My mother is so busy with her work at the office that she cannot take good care of us D My mother is too busy with her work at the office to take good care of us 9) The government have established some wildlife reserves They want to protect endangered species A Whether the government have established some wildlife reserves or not, endangered species are still protected B Endangered species can't be protected although the government have established some wildlife reserves C The government have established some wildlife reserves so that endangered species can be protected D If the government established some wildlife reserves, they would be able to protect endangered species 10) My sister is good at cooking My brother is bad at it A My sister is good at cooking, or my brother is bad at it B My sister is good at cooking, for my brother is bad at it C My sister is good at cooking, but my brother is bad at it D My sister is good at cooking, so my brother is bad at it 11) Mai usually helps her classmates with their studies Her classmates appreciate her A Mai usually helps her classmates with their studies, but they appreciate her B Mai usually helps her classmates with their studies, for they appreciate her C Mai usually helps her classmates with their studies, so they appreciate her D Mai usually helps her classmates with their studies, or they appreciate her 12) We cannot completely avoid stress in our lives We need to find ways to cope with it A As long as we can completely avoid stress in our lives, we need to find ways to cope with it B After we can completely avoid stress in our lives, we need to find ways to cope with it C Since we cannot completely avoid stress in our lives, we need to find ways to cope with it D Because stress can completely be avoided in our lives, we need to find ways to cope with it 13) Many Vietnamese women are successful in their careers They are excellent homemakers A Many Vietnamese women are successful in their careers, and they are excellent homemakers B Many Vietnamese women are successful in their careers, for they are excellent homemakers C Many Vietnamese women are successful in their careers, so they are excellent homemakers D Many Vietnamese women are successful in their careers, or they are excellent homemakers 14) Nam had all the necessary qualifications They didn't offer him the job A Despite having all the necessary qualifications, Nam was not offered the job B They didn't offer Nam the job as he had all the necessary qualifications C Nam had all the necessary qualifications, so they didn't offer him the job D If Nam had had all the necessary qualifications, he would have been offered the job 15) Mary left home to start an independent life She realised how much her family meant to her A Only when Mary realised how much her family meant to her did she leave home to start an independent life B To realise how much her family meant to her, Mary decided to leave home to start an independent life C Not until Mary had left home to start an independent life did she realise how much her family meant to her D Mary left home to start an independent life with a view to realising how much her family meant to her 43 16) Kate completed her higher education She then decided to travel the world before getting a job A Without completing her higher education, Kate decided to travel the world before getting a job B Given that Kate decided to travel the world before getting a job, she completed her higher education C Having completed her higher education, Kate decided to travel the world before getting a job D Kate had scarcely travelled the world before getting a job when she completed her higher education 17) Laura practised playing the instrument a lot She could hardly improve her performance A Hardly had Laura practised playing the instrument a lot when she could improve her performance B Had Laura practised playing the instrument a lot, she could have performed much better C However much Laura practised playing the instrument, she could hardly perform any better D As soon as Laura practised playing the instrument a lot, she could perform much better 18) The workers finished their work They left for home A The workers left for home before finishing their work B Having finished their work, the workers left for home C The workers had left for home before finishing their work D Having to leave for home, the workers finished their work 19) He fulfilled his dream of travelling the world He decided to get a job and settle down A If he had fulfilled his dream of travelling the world, he would have decided to get a job and settle down B Having fulfilled his dream of travelling the world, he decided to get a job and settle down C Although he had fulfilled his dream of travelling the world, he decided not to get a job and settle down D As he decided to get a job and settle down, he didn't fulfil his dream of travelling the world 20) She gave a great performance at the festival We now know she has artistic talent A Amazing as her artistic talent is, we don't know about her great performance at the festival B Hardly had we known about her artistic talent when she gave a great performance at the festival C Although she gave a great performance at the festival, now we still don't know she has artistic talent D But for her great performance at the festival, we wouldn't know about her artistic talent now 21) His friends supported and encouraged him He did really well in the competition A If his friends had given him support and encouragement, he could have done really well in the competition B No matter how much his friends supported and encouraged him, he couldn't well in the competition C Such were his friends' support and encouragement that he couldn't really well in the competition D Had it not been for his friends' support and encouragement, he couldn't have done so well in the competition 22) Joe has fidsanished his first-aid course He proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker A Although Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course B Without finishing his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker C However helpful Joe proves as a rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course D Having finished his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions After Mrs Wang had returned to her house from work, she was cooking dinner A returned B to her house C from work D was cooking Debbie, whose father is an excellent tennis player, has been playing tennis since ten years A.whose father B.player C has been D.since 3.I have seen lots of interesting places when I went on holiday last summer A have seen B lots C interesting D went The police arrested the man while he is having dinner in a restaurant A.The police B.while C is having D.in The boss laughed when the secretary has told him that she really needed a pay rise A.has told B really C.needed D.pay 44 Animals like frogs have waterproof skin that prevents it from drying out quickly in air, sun, or wind A B C D My brother usually ask me for help when he has difficulty with his homework A B C D Many people object to use physical punishment in dealing with discipline problems at school A B C D All the judges paid the dancer compliments on their excellent performance in the competition A B C D 10 The policeman warned the tourists not walking alone in empty streets at night A B C D 11 My mother always get up early to prepare breakfast for everyone in the family A B C D 12 She always try to finish her homework before going to bed A B C D 13 Children learn primarily by directly experiencing the world around it A B C D 14 A number of wildlife habitat reserves have been established in order to saving endangered A B C species from extinction D 15 Working as a doctor would give me a chance taking care of people's health A B C D 16 Jane help her mother to the housework when she has free time A B C D 17 Many living organisms depend largely on the environment for the satisfaction of its needs A B C D 18: It concerns many sociologists that inadequate parents skills may lead to an increase in the number of incidents of juvenile delinquency C D 19: It is the ASEAN Para Games that disabled athletes have an opportunity to have their talents A B C and efforts recognised D 20: Teenagers is greatly influenced by not only their parents but also their peers A B C D 21: The keynote speaker started with some complementary remarks about the organisers A B C of the conference, and then proceeded with her speech D 22: It was the year 2003 that Vietnam hosted the Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games) for the first time A B C D 23: My classmates is going on a trip to Cuc Phuong National Park this weekend A B C D 24: My close friends spends most of their free time helping the homeless people in the community A B C D 25: It was the year 2014 that Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex was made a World Heritage Site A B C by UNESCO 45 ... nhạc, đại dương, dãy núi, sa mạc - Danh từ theo sau “of + cụm danh từ” mệnh đề quan hệ - Câu so sánh nhất, so sánh kép Indefinite article “a/ an” đề cập: - Một danh từ chung chung “ONE” - Cấu trúc... adj; Such a/an + adj” - Chỉ nghề nghiệp: worrk as a/ an + nghề nghiệp Không dùng mạo từ khi: - Trước tên quốc gia, tên ngôn ngữ, bữa ăn, phương tiện lại,các núi, ao hồ… Chí ý: The United States,... arrange : xếp 14 expect : trông đợi 24 offer ask : hỏi 15 dare : dám 25 plan attempt : cố gắng 16 fail : thất bại 26 prepare beg : đề nghị, xin 17 struggle : đấu tranh, cố gắng 27 pretend care
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