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BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks The wind controls our planet's weather and climate But how much we understand about this complex force (1) can kill and spread fear? On the night of October 15, 1987, the south of England was struck by strong winds Gusts of over 130 km/h (2) through the region Nineteen people were killed, £1.5-billion worth of damage was (3) and 19 million trees were blown down in just a few hours Although people thought of this as a hurricane, the winds of 1987 were only a (4) storm They remain far better known than the much more serious storms of January 25, 1990, when most of Britain was hit by daytime winds of up to 173 km/h On this occasion, 47 people were killed, even though, (5) in 1987, the weather forecasters issued accurate warnings Question A what B which C when D where Question A ran B blew C flew D spread Question A paid B created C resulted D caused Question A strength B length C power D force Question A when B like C unlike D such as ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 1) Exercise 2: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate thecorrect word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks There is usually one important (1) _ missing from most school Very few students are taught how to organize their learning, and how to (2) _ the best use of their time Let’s take some simple examples Do you know how to look up words in a dictionary, and you understand all the information the dictionary contains? Can you (3) _ notes quickly, and can you understand them afterwards? For some reasons, many schools give learners no (4) _ with these matters Teachers ask students to memorize pages from books, or tell them to write ten pages, but don’t explain (5) _ to it Learning by heart can be useful, but it is important to have genuine understanding of a subject You can waste a lot of time memorizing books, without understanding anything about the subject Question 1: A them B books C subject D marks Question 2: A take B give C get D make Question 3: A B send C make D revise Question 4: A teaching B ability C instruction D help Question 5: A how B what C why D it ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 2) Exercise 3: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The Internet has truly transformed how students their homework (1) _ homework today still means spending time in the library, it’s for a different reason Rather than using books for research, students today are (2) _ to the Internet to download enormous amounts of data available online In the past, students were limited to their school’s (3) _ of books In many cases, they got to the school library and found out that someone had already taken the books they needed Nowadays, such inconvenience can be avoided since the Internet never runs out of information Students, however, have to (4) _ sure that the information they find online is true Teachers have also benefited from the homework which is done on the Internet They not need to carry students’ papers around with them any more This is because online (5) _ allow students to electronically upload their homework for their teachers to read and mark Of course, this also means that students can no longer use the excuse that the dog ate their homework! (Adapted from “Gold Pre–first Exam Maximizer,” by H Chilton & L Edwards, 2013, Harlow: Pearson) Question 1: A But B For C While D Because Question 2: A connecting B linking C searching D looking Question 3: A select B selective C selectively D selection Question 4: A B get C make D come Question 5: A materials B systems C structures D sources ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 3) Exercise 4: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Lunch is for sharing Mimi Ito carefully puts together her children's packed lunches each morning She then photographs them on her cameraphone and (1) _ the pictures on her online blog In this way, Mimi is able to keep a record of meals that she is proud of, and hungry websurfers get the chance to look at her mouthwatering creations For these are no ordinary lunches, Mimi prepares what are (2) _ as bento meals for her children A bento is a single-portion Japanese takeaway meal that traditionally consists of rice, fish or meat, with vegetables on the side In Japan, they are normally served in distinctive trays divided into sections for the different parts of the meal Mimi thinks that children in (3) _ enjoy having small compartments with little bits of food that are (4) _ to their small appetites However, if we think of the excitement that many of us feel when our airline meal arrives, it's easy to understand the fascination Mimi was born in Japan and currently lives in the USA She is fairly health (5) _, but believes that having wide tastes and finding pleasure in food is important She thinks that it's possible to focus on that whilst at the same time also eating healthily Question 1: A mails B posts C sends D delivers Question 2: A called B titled C named D known Question 3: A precise B specific C special D particular Question 4: A created B fitted C suited D designed Question 5: A conscious B sensible C informed D knowledge ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 4) Exercise 5: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on you answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks How men first learnt to (1) words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery All we really know is that men, unlike animals, (2) invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed (3) certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down These sounds, (4) spoken or written in letters, are called words Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words that apeal powerfully to our minds and emotions This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary (5) Above all, the real poet is a master of words Question 1: A invent B create C make D discover Question 2: A somehow B.however C somewhat D whatever Question 3: A at B upon C with D to Question 4: A.if B however C whether D though Question 5: A prose B work C form D style ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 5) Exercise 6: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Some years ago, my daughter was studying English at a university on the south coast One evening she phoned to tell me that what she really wanted to was looking (1) _ the world, so she was looking into the possibility of working in another country She had seen several (2) _ in the newspaper for student teachers of English abroad, and she was interested in one in Italy, which she was desperate to visit She decided that this would be a good way to achieve her ambition, so she was writing to apply for the job The reply took a long time to arrive, but eventually she received a letter asking if she would go for an interview in London the following week She was so excited that she immediately got in touch with the school owner and agreed to attend the interview She was determined that nothing would prevent her (3) _ doing what she had set out to A few days before the interview she had a very strange dream in which she gave birth to a beautiful baby She was a little nervous and (4) _ about the dream and phoned to ask me what I thought it might mean As I knew something about dreams, I was able to assure her that it only symbolized her (5) _ to well in the interview Question 1: A over B into C round D up Question 2: A posters B notices C advertisements D announcements Question 3: A in B from C about D of Question 4: A worried B offended C annoyed D bored Question 5: A desire B want C demand D request ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 6) Exercise 7: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks What is meant by the term economic resources? In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the 1) of goods and services Economic resources can be broken down into two general categories: property resource – land and capital, and human resources – labor and entrepreneurial skills What economists mean (2) land? Much more than the non-economist, land refers to all the natural resources that are usable in the production process: arable land, forests, mineral and oil deposits, and (3) on What about capital? Capital goods are all the man-made aids to producing, storing, transporting, and distributing goods and services Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that (4) satisfy wants directly, while the former so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods It should be noted that capital as defined here does not refer to money Money, as such, produces nothing The term labor refers to the physical and mental talents of humans used to produce goods and services (with the exception of a certain set of human talents, entrepreneurial skills, which will be considered separately because of their special significance) Thus the services of a factory worker or an office worker, a ballet (5) _ or an astronaut all fall under the general heading of labor Question 1: A production B using C plant D doing Question 2: A calling B with C using D by Question A come B such C go D so Question 4: A lately B the latter C the latest D later Question 5: A writer B performance C director D dancer ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 7) Exercise 8: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks AS OLD AS YOU FEEL It might after all be true that you are only as old as you feel A British clinic is carrying out new high-tech tests to calculate the “real” biological age of patients (1) on the rate of physical deterioration Information on every aspect of a patient’s health, fitness, lifestyle and family medical history is (2) into a computer to work out whether they are older or younger than their calendar age suggests The availability and increasing accuracy of the tests has prompted one leading British gerontologist to call for biological age to be used to determine when workers should retire He (3) that if an employee’s biological or “real” age is shown, for example, to be 55 when he reaches his 65th birthday, he should be incited to work for another decade Apparently most employers only take into (4) a person’s calendar years, and the two may differ considerably Some of those prepared to pay a substantial sum of money for the examinations will be able to smugly walk away with medical evidence showing that they really are as young as they feel, giving them the confidence to act and dress as if they were younger Dr Lynette Yong, resident doctor at the clinic where the tests are offered claims that the purpose of these tests will be to motivate people to (5) _ their health The concept of “real” age is set to become big business in the USA with books and websites helping people work out whether their body is older or younger than their years Others firmly believe that looks will always be the best indicator of age Question 1: A prospect B arranged C based D established Question 2: A planned B provided C supplied D fed Question 3: A argues B discusses C enquires D debates Question 4: A detail B account C interest D importance Question 5: A increase B gain C improve D progress ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 8) Exercise 9: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the best option for each of the blanks The Rocky Mountains run almost the length of North America They start in the North West, but lie only a (1) _ hundred miles from the centre in the more southern areas Although the Rockies are smaller (2) _ the Alps, they are no less beautiful There are many roads across the Rockies, but the best way to see them is to travel by train You start from Vancouver, the most attractive of Canada’s big cities Standing with its feet in the water and its (3) in the mountains, this city (4) its residents to ski on slopes just 15 minutes by car from the city centre Thirty passenger trains a day used to (5) _ off from Vancouver on the cross–continent railway Now there are just three a week, but the ride is still a great adventure You sleep on board, which is fun, but travel through some of the best site at night Question 1: A many B few C lot D couple Question 2: A from B to C than D as Question 3: A ear B hand C head D nose Question 4: A lets B offers C gives D allows Question 5: A leave B set C get D take ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 9) Exercise 10: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks CARE was (1) _ in 1945 to help people after World War II It distributed over 100 million food (2) _ Meanwhile, it was starting self-help programs Today it has development programs in 37 countries CARE gives equipment and (3) _ people how to build water systems, roads, schools and health centers It also teaches people how to increase production on farms, how to reforest areas, and how to (4) _ small village industries Doctors and nurses volunteer to go to villages They provide health care for the people They also teach people how to improve their health They train people to provide (5) _ medical care CARE also provides food for about 30 million people every year Most of them are children It gives special help where there is a flood, an earthquake, a drought or a war Question 1: A founded B build C found D constructed Question 2: A packages B wraps C parcels D pieces Question 3: A says B tells C orders D informs Question 4: A start B begin C take up D turn on Question 5: A elementary B only C easy D primitive ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 10) Exercise 11: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks All plants rely on nutrients taken from the soil in order to survive However, in areas where the soil does not contain enough (1) _ nutrients, some plants have adapted to supplement their diets from another source: living organisms Though they are few in number, carnivorous plants are (2) _ fascinating beings that “eat” anything from one-celled organisms to insects in order to survive They are commonly found in marshlands Carnivorous plants feature one of several types of “traps” to ensnare prey, which they consume to make up for nutrients that may be missing from the soil While there are over 400 species of carnivorous plants in the world today, some are more prevalent than others The most well-known of these plants are the snap traps, which include the Venus flytrap Snap traps are easily identified by their leaves, which are separated into two lobes that have the ability to fold together Inside the lobes, the surface is covered with tiny hairs that are (3) _ to movement When the plant’s prey brushes against the hairs, it triggers a closing mechanism that rapidly brings the two lobes together, trapping the prey securely inside The response of the traps is phenomenal (4) _ speed: the time between triggering the hairs and snapping shut is less than a second As the prey struggles inside the trap, it only triggers more hairs, causing the leaves to tighten their grip The plant then secrets liquid chemicals from special glands into the trap to dissolve the prey and absorb all of its nutrients Besides the Venus flytrap, only one other type of snap trap exists today, (5) _ to as the waterwheel plant The two share a common ancestor and differ only in a few ways For instance, the waterwheel is an aquatic plant, while the flytrap is exclusively terrestrial In addition, the flytrap feeds primarily on arthropods like spiders, while the waterwheel lives off simple invertebrates, like certain types of plankton Question 1: A critical B vital C crucial D indispensable Question 2: A nonetheless B though C contradictorily D yet Question 3: A vulnerable B liable C prone D sensitive Question 4: A in accordance with B in preference to C in regard to D on merits of Question 5: A denoted C indicated D implicated B referred ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 11) Exercise 12: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Reference books are not designed to be read from the first page to the last but rather to be consulted to answer the questions and provide both general and specific pieces of information One of the most 1) _ -used reference books is a dictionary, which provides information about words It lists meanings and spellings, tells how a word is pronounced, gives (2) _ of how it is used, may reveal its origins and also lists synonyms and antonyms To help you find the words faster, there are guide words at the top of each page showing the first and last words on that page - and of course it (3) _ to know the alphabet! There may be numerous special sections at the back with facts about famous people and places, lists of dates and scientific names, etc There is usually a section at the front (4) _ how to use the dictionary, which includes the special abbreviations or signs An atlas is also a reference book and it contains charts, tables and geographical facts, as well as maps Political maps locate countries and cities, physical maps show the formation of the land with its mountains and valleys, and economic maps show industries and agriculture To find a specific place, you need to look in the (5) _ at the back of the atlas and the exact position on the map There are numerous map symbols that you need to know in order to be able to read a map-almost like a special language-and these are explained at the front of the atlas Question 1: A greatly B mainly C widely D largely Question 2: A evidence B roof C examples D cases Question 3: A assists B pays C helps D works Question 4: A explaining B interpreting C suggesting D presenting Question 5: A foreword B preface C complement D index ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 12) Exercise 13: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks It is terrible but we are not (1) against crime The first step towards preventing crime is understanding its nature Most crime is against property, not people, and most crime is not carried out by professionals; nor is it carefully planned Property crimes (2) on the easy opportunity They are often committed by adolescents and young men, the majority of whom stop offending as they grow older (3) ages for offending are 15 to 18 Also, and not surprisingly, the risk of being a victim of crime (4) greatly depending on where you live This reliance by criminals on the easy opportunity is the key to much crime prevention Motor cars, for example, are a sitting target for the criminal Surveys have shown that approximately one in five drivers not always bother to secure their cars by locking all the doors and shutting all the windows, and in 30 percent of domestic burglaries, the burglar simply walks in without having to use (5) If opportunities like these did not exist, criminals would have a much harder time The chances are that many crimes would not be committed, which would release more police time for tackling serious crimes Question 1: A unprepared B hopeless C powerless D weak Question 2: A increase B thrive C develop D happen Question 3: A peak B major C maximum D top Question 4: A varies B adapts C transforms D adjusts Question 5: A force B threat C tools D tricks ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 13) Exercise 14: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks: The heart has long been considered to be (1)………….feelings of love dwell In love songs throughout the ages, love almost always goes together (2)…….the heart The heart has continuously been viewed as the place where love begins and develops Even the Bible gives preference to love and the heart The role of the heart in love must come from what happens to it when a person feels strongly (3)…… to someone The strong feelings (4)………the other person, especially in the early stages of a relationship, have the results that the heart starts beating faster and breathing starts speeding up According to psychologists, a love relationship is a situation that (5)………a lot of stress and the body reacts to this by getting ready to face the unknown This has been called the "fight or flight" reaction, meeting danger by fighting it or running away So with love, the heart accelerates and breathing becomes quick Question 1: A what B when C where D that Question 2: A with B to C at D from Question 3: A attracted B attractive C attract D attracting Question 4: A of B to C with D for Question 5: A includes B involves C comprises D arouses ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 14) Exercise 15: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on you answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The heart has long been considered to be (1) eelings of love dwell In love songs throughout the ages,love almost always goes together (2) the heart The heart has continuously been viewed as theplace where love begins and develops Even the Bible gives preference to love and the heart The role of the heart in love must come from what happens to it when a person feels strongly (3) to someone The strong feelings (4) the other person, especially in the early stages of arelationship, have the results that the heart starts beating faster and breathing starts speeding (5) Question 1: A what B when C where D that Question 2: A with B to C at D from Question 3: A attracted B attractive C attract D attraction Question 4: A of B to C with D for Question 5: A on B up C upon D forward ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 15) Exercise 16: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks There has been an outbreak of avian influenza, better known as bird flu in Asia recently The first (1) _ died two weeks ago in Vietnam and there have been the cases reported since in Thailand, and there are some suspected cases in Cambodia as well as Wild birds are affected by a large number of flu viruses, just as the humans and other animals are, but they are normally exclusive to birds If the viruses manage to mutate, they can to jump the species barrier and infect human beings The first case (2) _ someone died was in Hong Kong in 1997 There are the several different forms of bird flu, ranging from mild to very (3) _ infections, which spreading rapidly and kill many of the birds they infect It is spread by wild birds-ducks, in particular – which carry the virus, but aren't killed by it They can spread the virus to farm birds through (4) _ contact or by the contaminating water supplies World Health Organization officials have attributed the spread of bird flu to human contact with the droppings of infected birds and (5) _ sanitation There was no evidence at first that the virus spread from person to person, though there has been a case of this happening being investigated by scientists Question 1: A victim B casualty C sufferer D infector Question 2: A where B when C which D why Question 3: A strict B severe C serious D heavy Question 4: A direct B straight C immediate D square Question 5: A awful B bad C terrible D poor ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 16) Exercise 17: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks Some time ago, scientists began experiments to find out (1) it would be possible to set up a “village” under the sea A special room was built and lowered (2) the water of Port Sudan in the Red Sea For 29 days, five men lived at a depth of 40 feet At a (3) lower level, another two divers stayed for a week in a smaller “house” On returning to the surface, the men said that they had experienced no difficulty in breathing and had (4) many interesting scientific observations The captain of the party, Commander Cousteau, spoke of the possibility of (5) the seabed He said that some permanent stations were to be set up under the sea, and some undersea farms would provide food for the growing population of the world Question 1: A which B what C how D whether Question 2: A underneath B into C down D below Question 3: A any B more C much D some Question 4: A made B exercised C caught D done Question 5: A implanting B transplanting C growing D cultivating ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 17) Exercise 18: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 33 to 37 ENGLISH SPEELING Why does English spelling have a reputation for being difficult? English was first written down when Christian monks came to England in Anglo-Saxon (1) They used the 23 letters of Latin to write down the sounds of Anglo-Saxon speech as they heard it However, English has a (2) _ range of basic sounds (over 40) than Latin The alphabet was too small, and so combinations of letters were needed to express the different sounds Inevitably, there were inconsistencies in the way that letters were combined With the Norman invasion of England, the English language was put at risk English survived, but the spelling of many English words changed to follow French (3) _, and many French words were introduced into the language The result was more irregularity When the printing press was invented in the fifteenth century, many early printers of English texts spoke other first languages They made little effort to respect English spelling Although one of the shortterm 4) _ of printing was to produce a number of variant spellings, in the long term it created fixed spellings People became used to seeing words spelt in the same way Rules were drawn up, and dictionaries were put together which printers and writers could refer to However, spoken English was not fixed and continued to change slowly - just as it still does now Letters that were sounded in the AngloSaxon period, like the 'k' in 'knife', now became 5) _ Also, the pronunciation of vowels then had little in common with how they sound now, but the way they are spelt hasn't changed No wonder, then, that it is often difficult to see the link between sound and spelling Question 1: A centuries B times C ages D years Question 2: A longer B deeper C thicker D wider Question 3: A types B guides C plans D patterns Question 4: A conclusions B actions C meanings D effects Question 5: A silent B dumb C quite D speechless ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 18) Exercise 19: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The (1) _ of the earth is caused by exhaust gas from automobile engines, factories and power stations Carbon dioxide goes up into the atmosphere, and it forms a kind of factories that keeps or rather allows the sunshine in but stop the earth’s heart (2) _ getting out It works like a greenhouse, that’s why we call it the Greenhouse Effect Because of this effect, the earth is getting warmer all the time This (3) _ in temperature will cause big changes to the world's climate The sea level will rise, the ice covering the poles will melt and cause the sea level to rise The second problem is the (4) _ of the ozone layer Certain chemicals float up to the sky and react with the ozone layer, and they make holes in it Because of these holes the ultraviolet rays can shine directly to the earth Many people are now starting to suffer from skin cancer The sulfurous smoke from factories and power stations mixes with rain clouds and gets blown by the wind and then falls as acid rain (5) _ destroys lakes and forests These three problems threaten our environment at the end of the twentieth century Unless we something about them quickly, we, human race, may disappear from the face of the earth Question 1: A heating B warming C poisoning D harming Question 2: A against B up C from D away Question 3: A rise B raise C fall D drop Question 4: A loss B lose C losing D lost Question 5: A it B which C what D they ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 19) ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Question 1: Đáp án B Giải thích: Chỗ trống cần điền đại từ quan hệ bổ sung ý nghĩa cho cụm từ “this complex force” nên đại từ vật “which” phương án thích hợp Lưu ý ta khơng thể dùng “what” mệnh đề quan hệ khơng có hàm ý nghi vấn, dấu chấm hỏi cụm từ “how much” đầu câu Question 2: Đáp án B Giải thích: Run: chạy (người động vật); blow: thổi, (gió); flow: chảy (nước); spread: trải, căng ra, bày “130 km/h” đoạn văn số sức gió mưa nên động từ “blow” đáp án Question 3: Đáp án D Giải thích: Pay: trả; create: tạo ra; result: xảy ra; cause: gây Ta có cấu trúc to cause damage: gây thiệt hại Trong đoạn văn có xuất “damage” với vai trò chủ ngữ câu nên động từ dạng bị động phải điền vào chỗ trống “caused” Question 4: Đáp án D Giải thích: Strength: sức mạnh, cường độ, mặt mạnh; length: độ dài; power: quyền năng; force: đơn vị đo sức gió Sau chỗ trống số sức gió (cấp 7) nên danh từ phải điền force Question 5: Đáp án C Giải thích: Đứng trước chỗ trống cần điền cụm từ even though: (chỉ ý ngược lại với mệnh đề đứng trước) nên unlike (không giống với…) đáp án Exercise 2: Question 1: Đáp án C Subject: (n) môn học Chỗ trống cần điền danh từ số để tạo thành cụm danh từ: Adj + noun sau one Loại A – them đại từ, Loại B D books marks danh từ số nhiều Tạm dịch: Thường có mơn học quan trọng mà trường thiếu Question 2: Đáp án D Cấu trúc: to make the best use of something: tận dụng tối đa Tạm dịch: Hầu khơng có học sinh dạy làm để xếp việc học họ làm thế để tận dụng tối đa thời gian họ Question 3: Đáp án C Cấu trúc: to make/ take notes: ghi chép Tạm dịch: Bạn ghi chép cách nhanh chóng không Question 4: Đáp án D Cấu trúc: to give somebody no help with something: không giúp việc Tạm dịch: Vì vài lý do, nhiều trường khơng giúp người học vấn đề Question 5: Đáp án A Cấu trúc: explain how to st: giải thích làm để Tạm dịch: Giáo viên yêu cầu học sinh học thuộc trang sách hay bảo học sinh viết 10 trang giấy khơng giải thích cách để làm điều Exercise 3: Question 1: Đáp án C Dịch: Internet thay đổi hoàn toàn cách mà học sinh làm tập nhà (1) Trong tâp nhà ngày có nghĩa dành thời gian làm thư viện lý lại khác… Question 2: Đáp án A Dịch: Thay dùng sách để nghiên cứu vở, học sinh ngày (2) kêt nối internet để tải nguồn liệu khổng lồ sẵn có mạng internet Question 3: Đáp án D Dịch: Ngày xưa học sinh bị giới hạn việc tiếp cận với (3) việc lựa chọn sách từ kho sách trường Question 4: Đáp án C Dịch: Tuy vậy, học sinh cần (4) đảm bảo nguồn thông tin em lấy mạng xác Question 5: Đáp án B Dịch: Điều (5) hệ thống trực tuyến cho phép học sinh gửi trưc tuyến cho giáo viên đoc chấm điểm… Exercise 4: Question 1: Đáp án B Post: đăng (bài) lên trang web, trang cá nhân… Mail: gửi mail Send: gửi Deliver: phát Tạm dịch: Sau chụp ảnh camera điện thoại đăng ảnh đỏ lên blog cô Question 2: Đáp án D Cấu trúc: tobe known as: biết đến Tạm dịch: Mimi chuẩn bị bữa ăn biết đến cơm hộp bento (cơm hộp trang trí đẹp mắt Nhật) cho cô Question 3: Đáp án D Cụm từ: In particular: đặc biệt Tạm dịch: Mimi nghĩ đặc biệt thích ăn phần thức ăn chia thành ngăn nhỏ Question 4: Đáp án C Tobe suited to: (cái gỉ) hợp với Fit: phù hợp kích cỡ, màu sắc, hình dáng Create: tạo Design: thiết kế Tạm dịch: Mimi nghĩ đặc biệt thích ăn phần thức ăn chia thành ngăn nhỏ mà phù hợp với cách thèm ăn Question 5: Đáp án A Cụm từ “health conscious”: có ý thức sức khoẻ Tạm dịch: Cơ người có ý thức sức khoẻ, cô tin việc ăn đa dạng tìm niềm u thích với ăn điều quan trọng Exercise 5: Question 1: Đáp án A Invent: nói tới vật mà người tạo Ví dụ: Điện thoại, tơ, xe máy vv… Discover nói tới mà tồn ngồi ý muốn người, tìm bị ẩn mà người chưa biết Ví dụ: hành tinh, đảo, Make= Tạo sản phẩm nhờ vào việc lắp ghép phận, phần, vật liệu có Create tạo mang tính sáng tạo tư tưởng, tác phẩm Question 2: Đáp án A Somehow: cách Somewhat: mức độ Question 3: Đáp án B Agree with sb on/upon st: thống với việc Question 4: Đáp án C whether…or: là…hoặc Question 5: Đáp án D literacy style: phong cách văn chương prose: văn xi work: tác phẩm form: hình thức Exercise 6: Question 1: Đáp án B Giải thích: Look into: tìm hiểu Tạm dịch: Một buổi tối gọi điện để nói với tơi muốn du lịch khắp giới, nên cô tìm hiểu khả làm việc nước ngồi Question 2: Đáp án C Cơ nhìn thấy nhiều quảng cáo tìm giáo viên tiếng Anh nước báo Question 3: Đáp án B Giải thích: Prevent sb from Ving: ngăn cản làm Tạm dịch: Cơ tâm đến mức khơng ngăn cản làm cô đặt Question 4: Đáp án A Worried about st: lo lắng Offended: cảm thấy bị xúc phạm Annoyed: cảm thấy khó chịu Bored: cảm thấy chán Tạm dịch: Cô bồn chồn lo lắng giấc mơ gọi cho để hỏi ý nghĩa Question 5: Đáp án A Giải thích: Desire (n) to V: (formal) mong muốn làm Tạm dịch: Tơi biết chút giấc mơ, nên trấn an cô điềm báo cho việc mong muốn làm thật tốt vấn Exercise 7: Question 1: Đáp án A In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the production of goods and services: Nhìn chung, nguồn nhân lực, nguồn tài nguyên nhân tạo nguồn tài nguyên tự nhiên mà sâu vào việc sản xuất hàng hóa dịch vụ - production: (n) sản xuất Question 2: Đáp án D - What do/ does… + S + mean + by +…? Question 3: Đáp án D - so on: vân vân Question 4: Đáp án B Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that the latter satisfy wants directly, while the former so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods: tư liệu sản xuất khác với hàng tiêu dùng chỗ sau thỏa mãn nhu cầu trực tiếp, trước thỏa mãn gián tiếp việc tạo điệu kiện thuận lợi cho việc sản xuất hàng tiêu dùng Question 5: Đáp án D - a ballet dancer: diễn viên múa ba lê Exercise 8: Question 1: Đáp án C - based on: dựa vào - prospect of st: thăm dò - arrange st: sặp xếp - established: thiết lập Tạm dịch: Một phòng khám Anh tiến hành thử nghiệm cơng nghệ cao để tính tuổi sinh học "thực" bệnh nhân dựa tỷ lệ suy giảm thể chất Question 2: Đáp án D Cấu trúc: feed st into st: cung cấp cho Tạm dịch: thơng tin tất lĩnh vực sức khoẻ, thể trạng, lịch sử sức khoẻ gia định cung cấp đến máy tính Question 3: Đáp án A - argue: (v) lập luận, rõ, chứng tỏ - discuss (v): thảo luận - enquire (v): điều tra, hỏi - debate (v): tranh cãi Tạm dịch: Tính sẵn có độ xác ngày tăng kiểm tra khiến nhà nghiên cứu hàng đầu Anh gọi tuổi sinh học phải sử dụng để xác định người lao động nghỉ hưu Ông lập luận tuổi tác sinh học hay tuổi "thực" nhân viên ra, ví dụ, 55 tuổi ông bước đến sinh nhật lần thứ 65 ơng ta, ơng ta nên khuyến khích để làm việc thập kỉ Question 4: Đáp án B - take into account: xem xét cẩn thận, cân nhắc làm Tạm dịch: Rõ ràng nhà tuyển dụng cân nhắc tuổi dương lịch người Question 5: Đáp án C - improve: cải thiện - increase: tăng - gain: đạt - progress: tiền Tạm dịch: Mục đích kiểm tra để thúc đẩy người cải thiện sức khỏe Exercise 9: Question 1: Đáp án B A few + noun (plural): vài Loại A khơng có hình thức a many + noun (plural), loại C phải a lot of, loại D phải a couple of Question 2: Đáp án C Cấu trúc so sánh tính từ ngắn: Adj_er + than Question 3: Đáp án C Tương ứng its feet in the water its head in the mountains Question 4: Đáp án D Allow somebody to something Tạm dịch: thành phố cho phép cư dân họ trượt dốc 15 phút xe từ trung tâm thành phố Question 5: Đáp án B Set off: khởi hành Leave off: ngừng làm Get off: xuống tàu Take off: cất cánh Tạm dịch: 30 tàu chở hành Khách sử dụng ngày để khởi hành từ Vancouver… Exercise 10: Question 1: Đáp án A Đáp án A founded - found – founded - founded: (v) thành lập, sáng lập Phân biệt: find – found - found: (v) tìm thấy, bắt - build – built – built: xây dựng - construct: xây dựng Tạm dịch: tổ chức CARE sáng lập vào năm 1945 để giúp đỡ người sau Thế Chiến thứ Question 2: Đáp án B Đáp án B wraps - food wraps: bao thức ăn - package: gói hàng - parcel: gói, bưu kiện - piece: mẩu Tạm dịch: Tổ chức phân phát 100 triệu bao thức ăn Question 3: Đáp án B Đáp án B tells “… tells people how to build water system”: nói cho người cách xây dựng hệ thống nước - say to SB: nói với - order: đặt, gọi - inform: thông báo Tạm dịch: CARE đem thiết bị nói cho người cách xây dựng hệ thống nước, đường xá, trường học trung tâm y tế Question 4: Đáp án C Đáp án C take up “how to take up small village industries”: đảm nhiệm, vận hành ngành công nghiệp nhỏ địa phương - start = begin: bắt đầu - turn on: bật Tạm dịch: tổ chức dạy người….cách để vận hành ngành công nghiệp nhỏ địa phương Question 5: Đáp án A Đáp án A elementary - elementary: bản, sơ đẳng - only: - easy: dễ - primitive: nguyen thuỷ, ban sơ Tạm dịch: Họ đào tạo cho người biết chăm sóc y tế sơ đẳng Exercise 11: Question 1: Đáp án C - powerless: (a) bất lực, khơng có sức mạnh Question 2: Đáp án B - thrive: (v) thịnh vượng, phát triển mạnh Question 3: Đáp án A - peak: (n,v) đỉnh cao nhất, đỉnh Peak age: độ tuổi cao Question 4: Đáp án A - vary: (v) đa dạng khác nhau, thay đổi, biến đổi “… the risk of being a victim of crime varies greatly depending on where you live.” - Nguy trở thành nạn nhân tội phạm đa dạng phụ thuộc vào nơi bạn sống Question 5: Đáp án A - force : sức, sức lực, lực lượng … Exercise 12: Question 1: Đáp án C Widely: (adv) rộng rãi Cấu trúc: tobe widely + used: sử dụng rộng khắp Question 2: Đáp án C gives examples of how it is used: đưa ví dụ cách dùng từ Question 3: Đáp án C Cấu trúc: help sb (to) sth: giúp làm Và: help (to) st: Question 4: Đáp án A To explain: (v) giải thích Cấu trúc: - explain st (to sb): giải thích cho - explain why/ how … Question 5: Đáp án D Index: bảng mục lục (cho danh sách) Foreword: lời nói đầu Preface: lời nói đầu Complement: phần bổ sung Exercise 13: Question 1: Đáp án C - powerless: (a) bất lực, khơng có sức mạnh Question 2: Đáp án B - thrive: (v) thịnh vượng, phát triển mạnh Question 3: Đáp án A - peak: (n,v) đỉnh cao nhất, đỉnh Peak age: độ tuổi cao Question 4: Đáp án A - vary: (v) đa dạng khác nhau, thay đổi, biến đổi “… the risk of being a victim of crime varies greatly depending on where you live.” - Nguy trở thành nạn nhân tội phạm đa dạng phụ thuộc vào nơi bạn sống Question 5: Đáp án A - force : sức, sức lực, lực lượng … Exercise 14: Question 1: Đáp án C dwell: cư ngụ, tồn Chọn C muốn nói đến vị trí: nơi mà xúc cảm tình yêu nảy nở Question 2: Đáp án A Cụm từ: go together with something/somebody: kèm với Question 3: Đáp án A Sau động từ liên kết feel phải dùng tính từ To be attracted to something: bị thu hút, quyến rũ bới Question4: Đáp án D feeling for somebody: xúc cảm dành cho Question 5: Đáp án B Involve: lien quan Include: bao gồm Comprise: bao gồm Arouse: đánh thức, khơi gợi Exercise 15: Question 1: Đáp án C dwell: cư ngụ, tồn Chọn C muốn nói đến vị trí: nơi mà xúc cảm tình yêu nảy nở Question 2: Đáp án A Cụm từ: go together with something/somebody: kèm với Question 3: Đáp án A Sau động từ liên kết feel phải dùng tính từ To be attracted to something: bị thu hút, quyến rũ bới Question 4: Đáp án D feeling for somebody: xúc cảm dành cho Question 5: Đáp án B speed up: tăng tốc Exercise 16: Question 1: Đáp án A Victim (n): nạn nhân, casualty (n): tai nạn, sufferer (n): người bị thiệt hại, infector (n): tác nhân gây nhiễm Đáp án A phù hợp với nghĩa câu Tạm dịch : Nạn nhân chết cách tuần Việt Nam Question 2: Đáp án A Vế sau có “in Hong Kong” địa điểm nên đại từ quan hệ dùng where (nơi mà) Tạm dịch: Trường hợp nơi mà tử vong Hồng Kông vào năm 1997 Question 3: Đáp án C Đáp án C – serious (nghiệm trọng) phù hợp với nghĩa câu: “Có nhiều loại bệnh cúm khác nhau, từ loại lây nhiễm nhẹ loại lây nhiễm nghiêm trọng” Các phương án khác strict (nghiêm khắc), severe (khốc liệt), heavy (nặng, thường dùng để nói khối lượng) Question 4: Đáp án A Đáp án A phù hợp với nghĩa câu : (direct contact: tiếp xúc trực tiếp): "Chúng lây lan virus đến loài gia cầm trhoong qua tiếp xúc trực tiếp qua nguồn nước bị nhiễm virus" Các phương án khác straight (thẳng), immediate (ngay lập tức), square (thẳng thắn) Question 5: Đáp án D Collocation: poor sanitation: vệ sinh Tạm dịch: “Tổ chức Y Tế Thế Giới cho việc lây lan bệnh cúm tiếp xúc người với chất thải chim bị bệnh vệ sinh Exercise 17: Question 1: Đáp án D whether mở đầu mệnh đề, có nghĩa “có … hay khơng“ Dịch nghĩa câu đầu ta chọn phương án D Dịch: Thời gian trước đây, khoa học gia bắt đầu thử nghiệm để coi coi xây dựng “ngơi làng” lòng đại dương hay khơng Question 2: Đáp án B into (the) water : xuống nước => be lowered into (the) water : hạ thủy (giới từ into chuyển động xuống – vào trong) Question 3: Đáp án C Sau chỗ trống tĩnh từ so sánh (lower), nên trước lower phải phó từ mức độ bổ nghĩa cho Ta dùng much để bổ nghĩa cho tĩnh từ so sánh much + tĩnh từ ss Question 4: Đáp án A make / carry out an observation (observations) : thực khảo sát Question 5: Đáp án D dùng implant (cấy vào) hay transplant (ghép vào) lại C growing D cultivating, ta chọn D với động từ cultivate nghĩa chuẩn bị, sử dụng khu đất / khu vực để trồng thực vật, từ có nghĩa tổng quát grow (đơn gieo trồng) Exercise 18: Question 1: Đáp án B Times (n): thời kỳ, thời đại Anglo-Saxon times: thời kỳ Anglo Saxon Tạm dịch: Tiếng Anh lần đầu viết thầy tu người Cơ Đốc đến nước Anh vào thời kỳ Anglo Saxon Question 2: Đáp án D A wide range of : đủ loại, loạt, nhiều Câu sử dụng so sánh wide Question 3: Đáp án D Pattern (n) : kiểu, mẫu Tạm dịch : tả nhiều từ tiếng Anh thay đổi theo kiểu cách tiếng Pháp Question 4: Đáp án D Effect (n) : ảnh hưởng, tác động Tạm dịch : tác động ngắn hạn in ấn để sản xuất số cách viết biến thể lâu dài tạo cách viết cố định Question 5: Đáp án A Silent (adj) : câm (âm câm) Tạm dịch : chữ phát âm thời kỳ Anglo – Saxon, âm ‘k’ ‘knife’ lại thành âm câm Exercise 19: Question 1: Đáp án B “The warming of the Earth”: nóng lên trái đất Question 2: Đáp án C “stop the earth’s heart from getting out”: ngăn cản khơng cho sức nóng trái đất Question 3: Đáp án A “This rise in temperature will cause big changes to the world’s climate”: tăng nhiệt độ gây thay đổi lớn khí hậu giới Question 4: Đáp án A “The loss of ozone layer”: Mất tầng ozone Question 5: Đáp án B Dùng đại từ quan hệ “which” để thay cho danh từ tượng “acid rain” trước “as acid rain which destroys lakes and forests”: mưa axit, tượng phá hủy ao hồ rừng ... what D they ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 19) ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Question 1: Đáp án B Giải thích: Chỗ trống cần điền đại từ quan hệ bổ sung ý nghĩa cho cụm từ “this complex... meanings D effects Question 5: A silent B dumb C quite D speechless ( ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG CÔ PHAN ĐIỆU – ĐỀ 18) Exercise 19: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your... trống số sức gió (cấp 7) nên danh từ phải điền force Question 5: Đáp án C Giải thích: Đứng trước chỗ trống cần điền cụm từ even though: (chỉ ý ngược lại với mệnh đề đứng trước) nên unlike (không
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