CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

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8 Many things that look attractive and valuable actually have no value at all Ex: The man learned that not all that glitters is gold when he invested much money in the stock market and lost much of it All that glitters is not gold CONDITIONAL SENTENCES There are two parts to a conditional sentence: the condition (if) and the result There are also two types of conditional sentences: real and unreal (contrary-to-fact) REAL CONDITION RESULT If you come before the meeting, we’ll have time to talk  Possible condition ( Present/future ) If + S + V (simple present), S + will/shall/can/may/might + V (infi.) UNREAL CONDITION RESULT If my windows were larger, I would get more light  Impossible condition ( Present/future ) If + S + V( Past simple ), S + would/should/could/might + V (infi.) (Were for all persons) UNREAL CONDITION RESULT If I had met you yesterday, I would have invited you to the cafe  Impossible condition ( Past ) If + S + V( Past perfect ), S + would/should/could/might + have + V (P.P) STRATEGIES FOR CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ITEMS ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS:  Is it a real condition? If so, is the verb in the if clause in the simple present or present progressive form? Is the verb in the result in the present, future, or imperative form? INCORRECT [If Gianni will be there, we’ll give him the message CORRECT If Gianni is there, we’ll give him the message  Is it an unreal condition in the present using the verb be? If so, is was or were the form of be that is used? INCORRECT [If she is the boss, she would hire him.] CORRECT If she was/were the boss, she would hire him  Is it an unreal condition in the present or future tense? If so, is the verb in the condition in the present subjunctive form? Does the verb in the result contain would or could + the simple (base) form? INCORRECT [If humans have two heads, they couldn’t make decisions easily.] CORRECT if humans had two heads, they couldn’t make decisions easily 10 I have a pole, so I can go fishing 11 I don’t have a bicycle; so I can’t go riding 12 I had heavy shoes, so I could go hiking Change the sentences with “If” into sentences with “unless’ Ex: If it had not rained a lot, the rice crop wouldn’t have grown  The rice crop wouldn’t have grown unless it had rained a lot If there hadn't been lots of sunshine, the wheat wouldn’t have grown so fast Unless there had been lots of sunshine, the wheat wouldn’t have grown so fast If they hadn’t eaten lots of corn, the cattle wouldn’t have looked so fat Unless they had eaten lots of corn, the cattle wouldn’t have looked so fat If the weather hadn’t been hot, the bananas wouldn’t have spoiled Unless the weather had been hot, the bananas wouldn’t have spoiled If the weather hadn’t been sunny, the bananas wouldn’t have ripened If the corn crop hadn’t been good, there wouldn’t have been a festival Unless the corn crop had been good, there wouldn’t have been a festival THANK YOU! ... that glitters is not gold CONDITIONAL SENTENCES There are two parts to a conditional sentence: the condition (if) and the result There are also two types of conditional sentences: real and unreal... Past ) If + S + V( Past perfect ), S + would/should/could/might + have + V (P.P) STRATEGIES FOR CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ITEMS ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS:  Is it a real condition? If so, is the
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Xem thêm: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES , CONDITIONAL SENTENCES , There are two parts to a conditional sentence: the condition (if) and the result. There are also two types of conditional sentences: real and unreal (contrary-to-fact)., STRATEGIES FOR CONDITIONAL SENTENCE ITEMS ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS:  Is it a real condition? If so, is the verb in the if clause in the simple present or present progressive form? Is the verb in the result in the present, future, or imperative form? , Confident (adj.) feeling sure about your own ability to do things and be successful Confident of sth | Confident that … feeling certain that sth will happen in the way that you want or expect: I’m confident that you will get the job., She doesn’t cook well, and her husband complains about it., He did not write to me, and I did not write to him.

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