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Exercise 1: Choose the best answer by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C, or D 1 The manager insisted …………….me a position in the company.A. for offering B. on offering C. in offer D. on offer2 The flight attendant reminded the man that smoking…there.A. was not allowed B. is not allowed C. not to allow D. not allow3 The little boy begged the lady …………..some soup.A. give B. gives C. giving D. to give4 They invited me ........... the weekend with them.A. spends B. spend C. to spend D. spending5 He reminded me .......... the letter.A. post B. to post C. posting D. to posting6 I warned Jim .............. playing with the snakes.A. for B. in C. of D. against7 Mary apologized for ................. him earlier.A. not phoning B. not phone C. not to phone D. not to phoning8 She advised him..................harder.A. to study B. to studying C. study D. studying9 My mother asked me ..............the window.A. open B. opening C. to opening D. to open10 Susan insisted on ............ Mary to the beach.A. drive B. driving C. to drive D. to driving11 Huong congratulated me on .............. the entrance exam.A. to pass B. to passing C. passing D. passed Tonhu3h70@gmail.com PASSIVE VOICE Exercise 1: Choose the best answer by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C, or D 1/ The manager insisted …………….me a position in the company A for offering B on offering C in offer D on offer 2/ The flight attendant reminded the man that smoking…there A was not allowed B is not allowed C not to allow D not allow 3/ The little boy begged the lady ………… some soup A give B gives C giving D to give 4/ They invited me the weekend with them A spends B spend C to spend D spending 5/ He reminded me the letter A post B to post C posting D to posting 6/ I warned Jim playing with the snakes A for B in C of D against 7/ Mary apologized for him earlier A not phoning B not phone C not to phone D not to phoning 8/ She advised him harder A to study B to studying C study D studying 9/ My mother asked me the window A open B opening C to opening D to open 10/ Susan insisted on Mary to the beach A drive B driving C to drive D to driving 11/ Huong congratulated me on the entrance exam A to pass B to passing C passing D passed 12/ Mr Smith thanked Linda inviting him to the party A for B of C on D to 13/ Mary refused me any more money A to lend B to lending C lend D lending 14/ The teacher told his students………all the homework before they ……….to class A do/ come B to do/ come C to do/ came D do/ came 15/ The supervisor apologized………………… A for be late B for being late C on being late D on be late 16/ The father told his son……… his time ……………games all day A not to waste/ play B not to waste/playing C not waste/play D.not waste/ playing 17/ The lecturer told the students not to hesitate to ask if they ……….a question A have B has C to have D had 18/ My mother advised me ………….hope A not lose B not to lose C not losing D not to losing 19/ She said she would visit me …………… A following day B the next day C tomorrow D next day 20/ He said he…………… a busy day A had had B have had C did have D has had Exercise 2: Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences America By Columbus in 1492 A are discovered B were discovering C is discovered D was discovere Parrots and crows The most intelligent birds A were considering B are considered C Considered D was considered I still can’t believe! My bicycle last night A was stolen B was stealing C were stolen D stole Mary traffic accidents by dangerous driving A cause B caused C are caused D which are caused Many US automobiles in Detroit, Michigan A manufacture B are manufactured C have manufactured D are manufacturing Grass by fat cows on the green meadow A are eaten B was being eaten C were being eat D was been eaten So much progress That there may be space-frights to Mars A is being made B are being made C will be made D will being made Many people believe we can look forward to the day when even our household jobs like cleaning and decorating by computer-control robots A will be doing B are being done C would be done D will be done English since 2002 A have been learned B has been learnt C has to learn D have to learn 10 Your bill should before you leave the hotel A be paid B is paid C are paid D was paid Exercise 3: Choose the underlined word or phrase or phrase in each sentence that need correcting The new school will be open soon by the local government A B C D This machine have to be repaired A B C D Several people have been bitten on the dog A B C D A new hospital is being build in town A B C D The man were being questioned by the police then A B C D Tonhu3h70@gmail.com PASSIVE VOICE Exercise 1: Change these sentences into Passive voice Tom delivers the mail every day ……………………………………… Mr John manages the export division……………………………………… 3The teacher corrects our exercises………………………………………… 4.Somebody calls the president every day ………………………………………… 5.Where people speak English ? ………………………………………… Weeds cover the riverbank They use milk for making butter and cheese People speak English in almost every corner of the world People spend a lot of money on advertising everyday 10 No one believes his story 11 Fire destroyed that house 12.The students attended the lecture 13.The movie disappointed us very much 14.The police easily captured the thief 15.John returned the money last night 16 Smoke filled the room 17 Bob took that book from the desk 18.They started a dancing class last week 19 Mr Smith saw the accident 20 The teacher returned our written work to us 21.For the time being, Alice is teaching that group 22.John is calling the other members 23.The company is developing a new procedure 24.Who are they keeping in the kitchen?…………………………………………………………………… 25.What books are people reading this year ?……………………………………………… 26 Nam is milking the cows …………………………………………………………………………… 27 My father is washing the car …………………………………………………………………………… 28 Sheila is drinking a cup of tea …………………………………………………………………………… 29 Mary is cutting the cake with sharp knife……………………………………… 30 The mailman is delivering the mail now……………………………………………………… 31.Martha was delivering the documents to the department 32.A french architect was designing the palace…………………………………………………………… 33.Mr Brown was writing the report at p.m yesterday………………………………………………… 34 Who was painting those windows.?……………………………………………………………… 35 The chef engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant…………………………………………… 36 They were not eating dinner ……………………………………………………………………… 37 We were painting the gate ………………………………………………………………………… 38 You were not driving him home ………………………………………………………………………… 39 He was feeding the dogs …………………………………………………………………………… 40 Was she reading these lines?.…………………………………………………………… 41 Beth has finished the report 42 Somebody has taken my briefcase 43 She has finished the report at noon 44 The police have arrested five suspects 45 Kerrie has paid the bill 46 I have eaten a hamburger 47 I have opened the present 48 They have not read the book 49 You have not sent the parcel 50 Has she phoned 51.The delegates had received the information before the recess 52 He had finished his home work before she came 53 They had written the passage 54 They had planted trees 55 I know that they had told him of the meeting 56 They had started a fight 57 I had not closed the window 58 They had not bought the paper 59 Had she solved the problem? – 60 John will receive the papers tomorrow 61 Somebody will call Mr Watson tonight 62 Barbara will eat the cake 63 They will build a new bridge near my house next year 64 They will widen the road to our village 65 They will hold the meeting before May Day 66 Jane will buy a new computer 67 Millions of people will visit the museum 68 Our boss will sign the contract 69.They will not ask him 70 John is going to call the other members 71 The company is going to develop a new procedure 72 The students are going to plant trees here 73 My mother is going to sell this house 74 They are going to decorate the room next week 75 She is going to tell a story 76 The teacher is going to give a lesson 77 They are going to buy a new car next month 78.How can they open this safe?……………………………………………………………………… 79.You ought to water these plants once a week.………………………………………………………………… 80.They may discuss the problems again………………………………………………… 81.You should place matches out of reach of children.……………………………………… 82.They can gain nothing without effort.………………………………………………… 83.People must conserve natural resources……………………………………………… 84 they said that I am a teacher 85 people said that Nam killed his wife 86 Does he often help you? 87 What is she doing? 88 She bought a new car yesterday 89 People thought that she is a robber 90 my father often buys me perents on my birthday Exercise 2: Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that need correcting The new school will be open soon by the local government A B C D This machine have to be repaired A B C D Several people have been bitten on the dog A B C D A new hospital is being build in town A B C D The man were being questioned by the police then A B C D Exercise 3: Choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the original one They cancelled all flights because of fog A All flights were because of fog were cancelled C All flight were because of fog cancelled B All flight were cancelled because of fog D All flights were cancelled by them of fog They had to postpone the meeting because of illness A The meeting because of illness had to be postponed B The meeting had to because of illness be postponed C The meeting had to postponed because of illness D.The meeting had to be postponed because of illness They are building a new highway around the city A.A new highway around the city is being built C.A new highway is being built around the city B.A new highway is being built around the city by them D Around the city a new highway is being built They will ask you a lot of questions at the interview A You will be asked a lot of questions at the interview B You will be asked a lot of questions at the interview by them C A lot of questions will be asked you at the interview D A lot of questions will be asked at the interview 10 They have built a new hospital near the airport A.A new hospital near the airport has been built C.A new hospital has been built near the airport B.A new hospital has been built near the airport by them D Near the airport a new hospital has been 11 My father gives me a new shirt A A new shirt is given me by my father B A new shirt is give me by my father C A new shirt is given by me my father D A new shirt are given me by my father 12 A new hat is bought by Lan A Lan buys a new hat B Lan buy a hat new C Lan bought a new hat D Lan is bought a new hat 13 People speak English everywhere A English was spoken everywhere B English was speak C English is spoken everywhere D English is speaks everywhere 14 They drink much wine A Much wine are drunk by them B Much wine is drank by them C Much wine is drunk by them D Much wine is drink by them 15 They belived that he saved me A It was belived that he saved me B It was belived that he has saved me C He was belived to have saved me D A and C are correct I Đổi sang câu bị động He always plays game after school My student visited her granny last week I seldom the homework Do you enjoy this cake? Did you change the rule? Who bought this umbrella? Which magazines you prefer? When did you enjoy this delicious cake? Why didn’t you clean the house? 10 My sister gave you this pizza II Đổi sang câu bị động My wife cleaned the floor and washed the dishes yesterday He opens the door and closes the door every day I got my husband to repair my bicycle I let my children go out Don’t open your book Will you finish her exam? I made her finish her exam Did you change your password? Have you finished the report? 10 Why did my student visit her granny last week? III Đổi sang câu chủ động This pencil is used to draw by Nina This book was bought at this shop by my sister yesterday My house had been painted before I travelled By whom was this house painted? Will the ruler be bought by my mother tomorrow? This pizza was given to you by my sister You were given this pizza by my sister I was let to go out The pictures have been finished by Nina 10 Were these houses sold by my father? IV Đổi sang câu chủ động My students were let to play game in the class 2 The test was done by my students Where were baskets bought? Can this radio be bought by her mother? This cake was made to give my sister I had my pencil repaired yesterday It is difficult for information technology to be learned My room needs painting My room needs to be painted 10 People say that he is good at English Tonhu3h70@gmail.com V The key The mail is delivered every day by Tom The export division is managed by Mr John Our exercises are corrected by the teacher The president is called every day by somebody Where is English spoken ? The riverbank is covered by weeds Milk is used for making butter and cheese English is spoken in almost every corner of the world by the people a lot of money are spent on advertising everyday by the people 10 His story is believed by anyone II 11.That house was destroyed by fire 12.The lecture was attended by the students 13.We were disappointed by the movie very much 14.The thief was captured by the police easily 15.The money was returned by John last night 16 The room was filled with smoke 17 That book was taken from the desk by Bob 18 a dancing class was started last week by them 19 the accident was seen by Mr.Smith 20 our written work was returned to us by the teacher III 21.For the time being, that group is being taught by Alice 22.The other members is being called by John 23.A new procedure is being developed by the company 24.Who is being kept in the kitchen 25.What books are people being read this year 26 The cows are being milked by Nam 27 The car is being washed by my father 28 A cup of tea is being drunk by Sheila 29 The cake is being cut with sharp knife by Mary 30 The mail is being devivered by the mailman IV 31.The documents were being delivered to the department by Martha 32.The palace was being designed by a french architect 33.The report was being written at p.m yesterday by Mr Brown 34.Who were those windows being painted? 35 All the workers of the plant were being instructed by the chef engineer 36 Dinner was not being eaten by them 37 The gate was being painted by us 38 He was not being driven home by me 39 The dogs were being fed by him 40 Were these lines being read by her? V 41.The report has been finished by Beth 42.My briefcase has been taken 43.The report has been finished at noon 44.Five suspects have been arrested by the police 45 The bill has been paid by Kerrie 46 A hamburger has been eaten by me 47 The present has been opened by me 48 The book has not been read by them 49 The parcel has not been sent by me 50 Has he been phoned by her? VI 51.The information had been received before the recess by the delegates 52 His home work had been finished before she came 53 The passage had been written 54.Trees had been planted 55 I know that he had been told of the meeting by them 56 A fight had been started by them 57 The window had not been closed 58 The paper had not been bought by them 59 Had the problem been solved by her? VII 60.The papers will be received tomorrow by John 61.Mr Watson will be called tonight 62.The cake will be eaten by Barbara 63.A new bridge will be built near my house next year 64.The road will be widened to our village 65 The meeting will be held before May day by them 66 A new computer will be bought by Jane 67 The museum will be visited by million people 68 The contact will be signed by our boss 69 He will not be asked by then VIII 70.The other members are going to be called by John 71.A new procedure is going to be developed by the company 72.Trees are going to be planted here 73.This house is going to be sold by my mother 74.The room is going to be decorated next week (by them) 75 A story is going to be told by her 76 A lesson is going to be given by the teacher 77 A new car is going to be bought by them next month 78.How can this safe be opened? 79.These plants ought to be watered once a week 80.The problems may be discussed again 81.Matches should be placed out of reach of children 82.Nothing can be gained without effort 83.Natural resources must be conserved 84.to be met 85.to be appointed 86.to be called 87.to be surprised 88.to be taken 89.being excited 90.being concerned 91.B 92.A 93.A 94.B 95.B Lưu ý: Ví trị trạng từ cụm trạng từ: - Thời gian: sau BY Ví dụ: These pens have been bought by Nina for hours - Ví trí: trước BY Ví dụ: These pens have been bought at that shop by Nina Chúng ta làm tập để hiểu thêm học ngày hôm I Chuyển sang câu bị động Tom has seen this film before Nina has read the newspaper already They have seen these movies yet I have signed the contract These men have bought the tickets I have bought this teddy bear in that shop Vicky has found her hat I have lost my bag We have finished the report 10 I have done my exercise for three days II Đổi sang câu chủ động These newspapers have been bought by Nina These reports have been typed for hours My dogs have been taken good care of by my father Computer science has been studied by my brother since June This movie hasn’t been seen by my mother This car has been bought by Nina 7 The thief has been found by the police Her pens have been found The reports have been finished 10 These pencil cases have been bought by Nina I Câu bị động dạng Yes-No Question Yes-No Question câu hỏi mà câu trả lời phải yes hay no thường bắt đầu bằng: Các động từ khiếm khuyết: shall, ought to, must, will, would, might, may Các trợ động từ: Do, Does, Did, Have, Be Nào, vào ví dụ cách chuyển đổi câu chủ động sang câu bị động dạng Ví dụ 1: Does your friend eat that chocolate cake? (câu chủ động) Bước 1: Xác định câu hỏi Vì đơn nên ta dùng công thức bị động → S + am/is/are+ V3/Ved Bước 2: Chúng ta làm câu bị động đơn bình thường, đừng quan tâm tới dấu chấm hỏi: → That chocolate cake is eaten by your friend Bước 3: lúc này, ta trả dấu chấm hỏi về, việc đưa am/is/are lên đầu câu xong → Is that cake eaten by your friend? Ví dụ 2: Did your mother tell this story? Bước 1: Vì khứ đơn nên ta dùng công thức bị động sau: S + was/were + V3/ved Bước 2: Chúng ta che từ “Did” làm câu bị động q khứ đơn, ta có: This story was told by your mother Bước 3: ta trả lại dấu chấm hỏi cách đưa was were lên đầu câu, ta có: → Was this story told by your mother? II Dạng câu bị động Wh- Question Dạng 1: When/why/how/where + Yes –No Question 1.1 Where does your friend eat that chocolate cake? Ta làm bước tương tự dạng Yes-No Question cuối thêm từ When, why, how, where xong → Where was that chocolate cake eaten by your friend? Dạng 2: Câu bị động với Who + V + O Các bạn nhìn vào ví dụ sau để biết cách chuyển đổi Ví dụ: Who made this cake? → Whom was this cake made by? = By whom was this cake made? Dạng 3: câu bị động với What Which Ví dụ: Which books does your sister read? → Which books are read by your sister? Lưu ý: Vì does đơn nên ta chia theo cơng thức bị động đơn are chia phụ thuộc vào từ books Ví dụ: What plays did Nam Cam write? → What plays were written by Nam Cao? Lưu ý: Vì did khứ đơn nên ta chia theo cơng thức bị động q khứ đơn were chia phụ thuộc vào từ plays Bài tập Đổi sang câu bị động câu sau: Does your brother find the key? Do you sweep the floor? Can your father finish the report? Which horses you prefer? What song the clowns sing? Who cleaned my room yesterday? Do you steal my pencil case? Which animals you like? Who broke my glasses? 10 Did he explain that lesson? 11 Where this you buy this book? 12 Why does your father find you? 13 When you paint your house? 14 Do you paint your house? 15 Didn’t she find a job? 16 Will your granny visit you? 17 Do they wash the dishes? 18 Where they wash the dishes? 19 When they wash the dishes? 20 Why will your granny visit you next week? Câu bị động đặc biệt dạng 1: Cấu trúc: S + V1, V2 + O (Câu có động từ) Ví dụ: - I typed the letters and mailed them this morning (câu chủ động) - Với câu này, động từ typed mailed, có túc từ letters Vì ta có cách đổi câu bị động sau: - Kết quả: The letters were typed and mailed this morning (câu bị động) Câu bị động đặc biệt dạng 2: Cấu trúc: S + V1, V2 + O1, O2 (câu có động từ, túc từ) Ví dụ: - I have done my homework and have typed the report (câu chủ động) - Trong câu này, động từ done typed, túc từ my homework the report Với câu dạng động từ túc từ, ta có cách đổi sau: - My homework has been done and the report has been typed (câu bị động) Câu bị động đặc biệt dạng 3: Cấu trúc: V + O + V Dùng cho MAKE LET Ví dụ: - He made us this (câu chủ động) = We were made to this (câu bị động) They let him go (câu chủ động) = He was allowed to go = He was let to go - Lưu ý: Khi đổi sang câu bị động, từ “LET” nên đổi thành “ALLOW” Bài tập: I type the reports and send them every day A The reports are typed and sent every day B The reports is typed and sent every day C The reports are typed and send every day They let me A I were allowed B I was allowed to C I was allowed My sister has just swept the floor and has washed the dishes A The floor has just been swept and the dishes have just been washed B The floor and the dishes have just been swept and have just been washed C A & B I bought an English book and gave it to my friend A An English book was bought and given to my friend B An English book was bought and was given to my friend C An English book was bought I made him his homework A He is made his homework B He was made to his homework C He was made his homework 6 I let my girlfriend choose her own ring A She chooses her own ring B My girlfriend was allowed to choose her own ring C My girlfriend was let choose her own ring I made him come A He was made to come B He is made to come C He made to come My brother reads books and watches films every night A Books are read and films are watched by my brother every night B Books are read and films are watched every night by my brother C A & B The students bought beautiful flowers and gave them to me A Beautiful flowers were bought and given to me by the students B Beautiful flowers was bought and given to me by the students C Beautiful flowers are bought and given to me by the students 10 I let her go A She was let go B She was let to go C She is let to go Dạng 1: S + V + O + V Và ví dụ cho cơng thức trên: I saw some people enter the block Với câu dạng này, ta có cách đổi sang câu bị động sau: Some people were seen to enter the block Dạng 2: Khi mệnh đề chứa that (có nghĩa rằng) dùng túc từ cho số động từ sau:acknowledge (công nhận), assume (cho rằng), believe (tin), claim (yêu sách), consider (cân nhắc), estimate (ước tính), feel (cảm thấy), find (tìm thấy), report (báo cáo), say (nói), think (nghĩ), understand (hiểu) Ví dụ: People say that he is jealous of her (câu chủ động) Ta có cách đổi sang câu bị động Cách 1: It is said that he is jealous of her (Với vế câu “It is said” chia theo từ “say” Vì “say” nên ta có “It is said” Sau viết tất sau “that” Cách 2: He is said to be jealous of her (ta đưa chủ từ sau “that” lên từ “he”, “is said” chia theo từ “say” câu chủ động Còn động từ thứ chuyển thành to v CHÚ Ý: Nhìn vào ví dụ sau: I believed that he was innocent I believe that he was innocent Cách 1: It was believed that he was innocent Cách 1: It is believed that he was innocent Cách 2: He was believed to be innocent Cách 2: He is believed to have been innocent Nhìn vào ví dụ trên, ta rút sau Ở ví dụ 1, ta thấy động từ khứ hết believed was hết believe is cách ta phải chia TO BE Ở ví dụ 2, ta thấy believe was khứ Ta có THÌ câu chuyển sang câu bị động, ta phải dùng TO HAVE BEEN Bài tập: Để giúp bạn hiểu rõ dạng này, bạn làm số tập sau People think that he is very handsome A He is thought that he was very handsome B He is thought that he is vey handsome C It is thought that he is very handsome They believe that he was intelligent A He is believed to have been intelligent B It is believed that he was intelligent C A & B We know that the teacher has bought a new house A It is said that a new house has been bought by the teacher B The teacher is known to have bought a new house C It is known that the teacher had bought a new house I saw him ride a bike A He was seen to ride a bike B He was seen ride a bike C He was seen riding a bike She hears me call my students bad names A I am heard to call my students bad names B I was heard to call my students bad names C A & B They say that he has long hair A He is said to have long hair B It is said that he has long hair C A & B I watched her exercise A She was watched to exercise B She was watched exercise C A & B We believe that he is a good person A It is believe that he is a good person B It is believed that he is a good person C It was believed that he is a good person I saw her close the door A She was seen closing the door B She was seen to close the door C I was seen her close the door 10 They estimate 100 people were killed A It is estimated that 100 people were killed B 100 people are estimated to have been killed C A & B 11 It is said that two students were sung this song A Two students are said to have been sung this song B People said that two students were sung this song C People said that two students have been sung this song 12 It was thought that he was a special person A People think that he was a special person B People thought that he was a special person C He is thought to be a special person Dạng 1: V + O + TO V (chủ động) = V + O + TO BE + V3/VED (bị động) o Ví dụ:    Với dạng câu này, câu bị động làm sau: I want photographs to be taken (câu bị động) Dạng 2: o HAVE, GET: SAI BẢO, NHỜ   o Have + Someone + V They had me correct the exercise yesterday Get + Someone + to V They got me to correct the exercise yesterday Câu bị động:   I want somebody to take photographs (câu chủ động) Have + something + V3/Ved They had the exercise corrected yesterday Get +something + V3/Ved They had the exercise corrected yesterday Dạng 3: Don’t + V + O (câu chủ động) = don’t + let + O + be Ved/V3 Ví dụ: Don’t open the door (câu chủ động) = don’t let the door be opened Chúng ta vào làm tập nha He likes people to call him “sir” o A He likes to be called “sir” o B He likes calling “sir” o C He likes to be called him “sir” He didn’t request the police to find his car o A He didn’t request his car to be found by the police o B He didn’t hope to find his car o C A&B I had her sweep the floor yesterday o A I had the floor sweep yesterday o o B The floor had swept yesterday C I had the floor swept yesterday I got her to sweep the floor yesterday o A I got the floor sweep yesterday o B I got the floor swept yesterday o C A&B Don’t open your book o A Don’t let your book be opened o B Don’t let the book open o C I don’t open the book Don’t exercise o A I hate exercise o B Don’t let exercise be done o C A&B I persuaded everyone to repair the car o A I persuaded the car to be repaired o B I should persuade everyone to repair the car o C The car should be repaired I got him to exercise yesterday o A I got exercise yesterday o B I got exercise done yesterday o C A&B I had her exercise yesterday o A I had exercise done yesterday o B I had exercise doing o C I have exercise yesterday 10 He didn’t expect her to his housework o A She didn’t expect him his exercise o B He has his homework o C He didn’t expect his homework to be done I Đổi sang câu bị động Did your friend mail that letter? Has Nina finished the work? Did he speak about tropical countries in the world? Had your sister cleaned the floor when I came? Does he make bad chocolate cake? Must you post this letter? Have you taken my book? Can you clean the house? Does he steal my ruler? 10 Does your friend buy this house? II Đổi sang câu bị động Where you find the box? Who wrote this report? When does your friend buy this house? Why you clean the house? Which books you prefer? Who did the homework? When did Sam repair my car? When did you steal my pencil case? Who finished the report? 10 When did your mother mail that letter? III Đổi sang câu bị động I clean the floor every day He saw a lion at the circus last week Sam and Nina told me this story I opened the door Your children ate this cake I have finished the report They had looked after this child when I came My father made this decision No one can it 10 Someone must send this report IV Đổi sang câu chủ động That movie has never seen by my father The book has not been finished Has snake meat been eaten by Nina? The department was being cleaned by Sam when you called While the report was being written by Nina, Tom was looking for the key A present was sent to her This car was bought by my father The letter is typed by my sister everyday 9 Is the key found by your mother? 10 Where is the key found by your mother? I Bị Động Của Thì Eg: - Marry redecorated the living room yesterday  - The police have caught two wanted murders  - You should make tea with hot water  Note: - Các chủ ngữ I, we, you, they, he, she, one, everyone, no one, people… câu chủ động thường bỏ câu bị động Eg: - No one swept this street yesterday  - Trạng từ nơi chốn + By O + Trạng từ thời gian Eg: Marry put the vase of flowers on the table yesterday  - Trạng từ thể cách (trạng từ) đứng “BE” “V3/ed” Eg: Scientists have studied this problem carefully  * Cách chuyển đổi bị động câu hỏi Yes/No-question câu hỏi Wh-question: • Câu hỏi Yes/No-question Eg: Did Mary buy this beautiful dress? - Xác định thì: QKĐ - Chuyển câu gốc thành câu khẳng định (S + V + O) -  Marry bought this beautiful dress - Đổi câu khẳng định vừa chuyển thành câu bị động theo -  This beautiful dress was bought by Marry - Từ câu bị động vừa chuyển  câu hỏi  Was this beautiful dress bought by Marry? Eg: Have the thieves stolen the most valuable painting in the national museum?  - Are you going to repair those shoes?  • Câu hỏi Wh-question Eg: When did your father buy a new computer? - Xác định thì: QKĐ - Chuyển câu gốc thành câu khẳng định (S - V - O) -  Your father bought a new computer - Đổi câu khẳng định vừa chuyển thành câu bị động theo -  A new computer was bought by your father - Từ câu bị động vừa chuyển  câu hỏi đảo ngữ (V – S – O)  was a new computer bought by your father? - Ghi lại từ để hỏi (wh-) vào câu vừa đổi  When was a new computer bought by your father? - Why people speak English all over the world?  II Bị Động Hai Cách • People say/said that + S + V + O (chủ động)  It is/was said that + S + V + O to + V-inf + O (cùng thì)  S + am/is/are/was/were + said + to have + V(3/ed) + O (khác thì) Eg: They said that he was a kind doctor   Note: Các động từ dùng say/said: know, think, believe, rumour, hope, expect, suppose … Eg: - People believe (that) he was a thief   * Cùng thì: HT – HT/ QK –QK/ HT – TL * Khác thì: HT – QK/ QK – HT/ QK – TL III Bị Động Của Động Từ Có Hai Tân Ngữ (Verb of two objects) Loại động từ cần có giới từ “TO”: send, show, lend, promise, hand, pay, read, throw, wish, offer Give s.o s.th = Give s.th To s.o Tặng cho = Tặng cho Eg: Harry gave me a new watch yesterday =   Loại động từ cần có giới từ “FOR”: buy, get, make, do, save… Buy s.o s.th = Buy s.th For s.o Mua cho = Mua cho Eg: Susan bought an English book for Tom =   IV Bị Động Thể Nhờ Vả • Have s.o s.th (nhờ làm gì)  Have s.th done by s.o • Get s.o to s.th (nhờ làm gì) Eg: - I had my assistant type the report  I had the report typed by my assistant - I will have my lawyer look into it  I will have it looked into by my laywer - Peter got a technician to repair his television  Peter got his television reapaired by a technician * Lưu ý: Hai công thức bị động thể nhờ vả dùng trường hợp diễn tả việc diễn không tốt đẹp Eg: - John had all his money stolen from his hotel bedroom - I had my house destroyed by tornado yesterday - We got our car damaged by a falling tree - I got my nose broken by playing rugby V Bị Động Với Động Từ “Make” “Let” • Make s.o s.th (buộc làm gì)  s.o be made to s.th • Let s.o s.th (cho phép làm gì)  s.o be allowed to s.th Eg: - The manager made all the employees work over the night at the weekend  All the employees were made to work over the night by the manager at the weekend  - She lets her son play computer game on Sunday afternoon  Her son is allowed to play computer game on Sunday afternoon VI Bị động theo sau To V-inf (hope/warn ) V-ing (like/star/begin ) Active Verb + to V-inf Verb + V-ing Verb + to have + V-3/ed Verb + having + V-3/ed Passive Verb + to be + V-3/ed Verb + being + V-3/ed Verb + to have been + V-3/ed Verb + having been + V-3/ed Eg: - I wanted them to tell the story again  I wanted the story to be told again by them - She canceled her calls because she avoided being disturbed - She forgot having been given a big sum of money that day - I want these dishes to have been washed when I come back - He dislikes what to (dislike/like + V-ing) A people tell him B being told C to be told D they telling him VII Bị động với động từ giác quan Các động từ giác quan: see, watch, hear, smell, taste Active Passive Verb + O + V-inf O + be + V-3/ed + to V-inf Verb + O + V-ing O + be + V-3/ed + V-ing Eg: - They saw the man run away  The man was seen to run away - They saw the man running away  The man was seen running away VIII Bị động với động từ “NEED” Active (chủ động) Passive Need + to V-inf Need + to be + V-3/ed Need + V-ing Eg: - You need to water flowers  Flowers need watering/to be watered  - Marry needs to paint her house  Marry’s house needs painting/to be painted  IX Bị động với động từ sau: S1 + Advise/Suggest/Recommend that + S2 +should + V-inf + O (active)  S1 + Advise/Suggest/Recommend that + S2 + should + be + V-3/ed + O (passive) Eg: - They recommended that a hotel on the edge of the lake A should be built B must be built C was built D could build X Bị Động Với Câu Hỏi Đuôi (Tag Question) Eg: - David broke the windows yesterday, didn’t he?  The windows were broken by David yesterday, were not/weren’t they? - Marry put the vase of flowers on the table yesterday, didn’t she?  The vase of flowers was put on the table by Marry yesterday, wasn’t it? XI Bị Động Với Cơng Thức • It is/was + Adj (important / necessary /impossible ) + to Inf + O  It is/was + Adj (important/ necessary / impossible ) + for +O + to be + V3/ed Eg: - It is very necessary to solve this problem  It is very necessary for this problem to be solved - It is impossible to mix two this components  It is impossible for two this components to be mixed ... that the teacher had bought a new house I saw him ride a bike A He was seen to ride a bike B He was seen ride a bike C He was seen riding a bike She hears me call my students bad names A I am heard... stealing C were stolen D stole Mary traffic accidents by dangerous driving A cause B caused C are caused D which are caused Many US automobiles in Detroit, Michigan A manufacture B are manufactured... bị động) Câu bị động đặc bi t dạng 2: Cấu trúc: S + V1, V2 + O1, O2 (câu có động từ, túc từ) Ví dụ: - I have done my homework and have typed the report (câu chủ động) - Trong câu này, động từ done
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