Quản lý đầu tư phát triển đô thị xanh ở thành phố hà nội tt tiếng anh

27 12 0
  • Loading ...
1/27 trang

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 02/04/2019, 16:20

VIET NAM ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SIENCES GRADUATE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES LE MINH THOA MANAGEMENT OF INVESTMENT IN GREEN URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN HA NOI Major : Economic Management Code : 9.34.04.10 SUMMARY OF ECONOMIC DOCTORAL THESIS NGƯỜI HƯỚNGẪN KHOA HỌC: PGS.TS Lê Xuân AnhHa Noi - 2019 Thesis is completed at: Graduate Academy of Social Sciences Supervisors: Assoc.Prof.Dr Le Xuan Ba Dr Le Anh Vu Master Reviewer 1: Assoc.Prof.Dr Bui Quang Tuan Master Reviewer 2: Assoc.Prof.Dr Ngo Tuan Nghia Master Reviewer 3: Assoc.Prof.Dr Nguyen Thi Nguyet The thesis will be denfended at the Doctoral dissertation council in the Graduate Academy of Social Sciences at ….day… month… year 2019 Thesis can be found at: - Library Graduate Academy of Social Sciences - National Library, Hanoi, Vietnam LIST OF WORKS DISCLOSURE BY AUTHOR Le Minh Thoa (2018), “Application of Information Technology to the Building of Smart Cities in Countries around the world lessons for Vietnam”, International Seminar Proceeding, 24th August 2018, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Session 5, pp.234239 Le Minh Thoa (2018), “Solutions to improve the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi”, Asia-Pacific Economic Review (No 518 June 2018) , pp.77-79 Le Minh Thoa (2018), “Evaluating the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi in the current period”, Asia-Pacific Economic Review (No End of May 2018), pp.8283, 88 Le Minh Thoa (2018), "Theoretical basis for green urban development investment", Asia-Pacific Economic Review (No 515 April 2018), pp.106-108 Le Minh Thoa (2017), “International experience on green urban development for Hanoi City”, Economic and Forecast Journal (No 12/2017), pp.47-49 Le Minh Thoa (2017), Curriculum “Making and analyzing construction investment projects”, Construction Publishing House, Hanoi Le Minh Thoa (2015), "Improving the cost management in construction projects in Vietnam", Economic and Forecast Journal (No 03/2015 - Thematic issue), pp.63 -65 INTRODUCTION The urgency of the subject In the past 30 years, along with the process of industrialization and modernization of the country, the speed of urbanization in our country has increased rapidly Urban competition with quality of life requires more and more strategic vision on the process of urban construction, development and management, especially in green cities Hanoi City is the Capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: "As the heart of the whole country, the national political and administrative mind, the center of culture, science, education and business international and international transactions” Capital Law clearly defines the responsibilities of the Capital: "Building and developing the civilized capital, modern and typical for the whole country" Developing green cities and smart urban areas is the current trend in the world Hanoi capital also needs to develop in this direction The industrial revolution 4.0 has a great influence on investment in green smart - modern urban development of Hanoi Capital and has always received special attention Because this revolution made a lot of changes to the face of green urban - smart - modern, the development of smart residents, smart urban authorities Besides, the population of Hanoi Capital has increased rapidly, urbanization has been increasingly developed, making Hanoi face serious challenges: Climate change, energy crisis, and environment urban schools are increasingly polluted, clean water is scarce making urban development unsustainably From the above reasons, the author chooses the topic “Management of investment in green urban development in Hanoi” as a doctoral thesis in Economic Management This topic is topical and urgent because it will overcome the problems and shortcomings of the above management, and the author will offer effective solutions to manage green urban investment development in Hanoi city in the near future Objectives of the thesis 2.1 Overall objectives Based on the science of green urban development investment management, the author proposes solutions to improve the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city 2 Detail goal Firstly, Systematize and clarify the content of concepts: green urban, green urban development, green urban development investment and green urban development investment management Secondly, The dissertation clearly explains the theoretical framework of analysis and evaluation of the management of green urban development investment Thirdly, Analyzing and properly assessing the status of green urban development investment management in Hanoi city according to four criteria: Effectiveness, efficiency, suitability and sustainability Fourth, proposing some solutions to improve the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city which is the most effective and best from now to 2030 Object and scope of the study 3.1 Research object The research object of the thesis is the management of investment in green urban development in Hanoi 3.2 Research scope - About Content: The thesis focuses mainly on management of Hanoi city government on investment in developing some typical green urban areas - About time: + Secondary data from 2010 - 2017; + Primary data year: 2017 and 2018 Research Methodology - Methodology: The thesis uses dialectical materialism and historical materialism as the basic methodology, throughout the research process - Research methods: To solve the set tasks, the thesis uses a number of specific research methods including: (1) Research methods at the table; (2) Methods of analysis and synthesis; (3) Method of investigation by questionnaire, consultation of experts; (4) SWOT analysis method New scientific contributions of the thesis (1) Summary of theories, principles of management of urban development investment in green - smart - sustainable; (2) Systematizing criteria for evaluating green urban development investment, managing green urban development investment; (3) Assessing the status of green urban development in Hanoi city, managing green urban development investment of Hanoi city government; (4) develop a number of solutions to improve the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city The theoretical and practical significance of the thesis 6.1 Scientific significance - The thesis contributes to supplement and perfect the theories on green urban, green urban development, green urban development investment, and management of green urban development investment - Systematizing the criteria of green urban development, management of green urban development investment, contributing to the research and management of overall urban development investment 6.2 Practical meaning - As a reference for the main government levels, urban planning architects, relevant engineers, managers of green urban development investment - Documents to support research and training in green urban development investment management Structure of the thesis In addition to the introduction, conclusion and reference list, the thesis is structured into four main chapters: Chapter Overview of research and management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city Chapter International and domestic theoretical and experience bases on green urban development investment management Chapter Status of green urban development investment management in Hanoi city Chapter Solutions to improve management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city CHAPTER OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATION RELATED TO GREEN URBAN DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT 1.1 Situation of abroad research So far, there have been some studies in the world related to green urban development investment management The thesis has consulted the following research projects: Research on “Situation of smart urban policy implementation in Korea” by Lee Jae Yong (2013) has given the vision and goal of building a pioneering, safe and happy urban creative: Firstly, expand smart city; Secondly, develop smart urban industry according to creative economic model; Thirdly, strengthen support for advancing to foreign markets Research on “U - City Planning” by Park Chan Ho (2013) offers the approach to U - City in a comprehensive way in terms of services combining urban space with infrastructure and information technology believe Planning U-City contributes to improving the quality of life of people with smart infrastructure Research on “Green City Development Strategy in Korea” by Dr Lee Bum-Huyn (2013) has proposed an approach that should focus on urban development transforming from "Carbon Economy" to "Background." Non-carbon economy”has a more sustainable and environmentally friendly urban structure It is necessary to establish a series of policies to support the recognition of green cities according to the characteristics of each region, offering incentives for green city planning according to the characteristics of each region Research on “Modular - New construction model in green and sustainable urban development trend” by Kim Sang Soo (2013), The author has brought about the benefits of green urban development and friendly urban environment with outstanding features with many green spaces, green environmental quality, harmonization of artificial ecosystems (urban ecosystems) and natural ecosystems, creating a good living environment and ensuring health healthy and comfortable for people Article “Korea's experience and practices in Vietnam in building a green city (smart)” by Dr Lee Dong Youn - Jungdo UIT Korea (2016), launched monitoring systems, system of assessment of green urban areas, thereby giving the management of green urban development investment smart According to Shah Md's research Atiqul Haq (2011) studies the benefits and challenges of urban green space based on research results in different cities, showing: Green urban plays an important role for society and economy, culture and sustainable development environment Landscape architecture, green urban space is a comprehensive tool for environmental sustainability by improving quality of life, increasing asset value by comfort, aesthetics, and energy costs Cooling buildings decrease Shah Md's research Atiqul Haq considered variables: Natural green (Natural green), Green urban area (Urban green) This shows that cities and big cities all have a high score on green urban elements However, this study suggests managing green urban development investment in big cities more than medium and small cities The study of M Deakin, G Mitchell, P Nijkamp, R Vreeker (2007), “Sustainable urban development”, the authors have carefully mentioned the necessary conditions of a Sustainable urban areas in four areas: institutional, economic, social and environmental Institution is one of the prerequisites for investing in sustainable urban development In “Tomorrow: a Peaceful Path to Real Reform” by Ebennezer Howard (1898), a model of "garden city" is proposed to solve the problem of environmental pollution and widespread disease threatening public cities Career in the UK 1.2 Domestic Researches: Some domestic research projects related to the study of the thesis “Management of investment in green urban development in Hanoi” such as: Truong Van Quang (2013), Some requirements in green urban development planning in Vietnam, providing an overview of urban and green urban awareness, thereby determining requirements in urban development planning Green market in Vietnam Dao Ngoc Nghiem (2013), Green Urban, Smart - Development model of Hanoi Capital, The author has given the context of urbanization of some countries and Vietnam and sustainable development is a trend Global necessity, impacting on each field with more specific and specialized studies, including urbanization, which is a sustainable urban - ecological urban - green urban - green architecture Since then, the author identifies the model of green urban development in Hanoi "Green - civilized - civilized - modern", urban dynamic, effective, highly competitive in the country, the region and the world , have a good living environment Nguyen Hong Thuc (2013), Elements of smart green urban development in Vietnam, International scientific conference, The author has introduced a new approach to urban areas: economic growth, urban resources, ecological environment, and green growth, sustainable territorial planning based on legal grounds Nguyen Van Cuong (2015), Development of new urban areas in a sustainable way: Research in Hanoi, The author has given a definition of sustainable urbanization and urban development, affirmed the distribution Urban areas need to be sustainable Pham Ngoc Tuan (2015), Developing new urban areas in Ho Chi Minh City in a sustainable way, The author has clarified some theoretical issues about the development of new urban areas and development criteria New urban area towards sustainability Through the research works presented, it shows that these studies mainly consider and evaluate the sustainable development investment in urban areas and the criteria for urbanization assessment There is no research project on green urban development investment management in Vietnam in general, in Hanoi city in particular CHAPTER THEORETICAL BASIS, INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE AND DOMESTIC ON DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT GREEN URBAN 2.1 Some concepts and related theories 2.1.1 Some related concepts 2.1.1.1 Concept of green urban Green urban area is an urban area invested and built, taking care of the best living conditions for every urban population, minimizing the demand for energy, less environmental pollution, and diversifying biology to ensure architecture The urban landscape has green space, green buildings, has a green standard transport system, green industrial parks and urban environment with green quality, ensuring to provide the best economic conditions , society, environment for urban residents” 2.1.1.2 Green urban development “Green urban development is an increase in the number and quality of green cities in line with the general urban development strategy” 2.1.1.3 Investment in green urban development “Investment in green urban development is the investment capital to increase the number of green urban areas in order to improve the quality and structure of green cities reasonably, in accordance with the urban development strategy in particular, general socio-economic development” 2.1.1.4 Managing green urban development investment “Management of green urban development investment is a deliberate, continuous, organized and purpose-oriented impact of state management agencies and city authorities through institutions Policies that impact green urban development in accordance with objective laws and specific rules of criteria for achieving the common goal is the global climate change issue for socio-economic development” 2.1.2 Some basic theories of green urban development investment management The thesis uses some basic theories as a basis for the study: (1) The management theory of L.P Bertalafly; (2) Integrated and adaptive management theory (integrated theory in management); (3) Ecological theory; (4) The dualism of "Urban - Rural" theory the investment management plays Green urban development has had impacts on the living environment of urban residents Fifthly, Learning experience of Stockholm - Sweden government on building an integrated management system to ensure every aspect, in accordance with the operation plan, monitoring report Especially, the policy of reusing land types, connecting green urban areas with green transportation is the most convenient way Hanoi needs to integrate the traditional blocks and reasonable green urban areas Sixthly, Learning Da Nang city on the management of planning green urban architecture, smart, modern Need to have a macro vision to plan green urban areas to ensure quality, green transport connection, green technical infrastructure, sustainable development of urban ecosystems Saturday, Learning Ho Chi Minh City on administrative reform management, institutionalizing policies and improving development investment mechanisms, organizing systematic urban management, training and improving managerial staff capacity investment in green urban development, modernization of administrative infrastructure Lessons of failure (lesson failure): Firstly, Beijing Capital (China) invests in green urban development with successes but still fails to be seriously polluted Yellow alarm group Authorities have issued many regulations, policies and investment, and have given strict penalties to limit urban environmental pollution However, the implementation of these measures is only a scientific and drastic response Secondly, the failure lesson of Ho Chi Minh City is a problem of flooding but not yet solved thoroughly, heavy air pollution, bad solid waste management From the unsuccessful lesson of Ho Chi Minh City as a premise for the management of Hanoi city to take preventive measures and have the right strategy in managing green urban investment development 10 CHAPTER CURRENT SITUATION OF GREEN URBAN DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT IN HANOI CITY 3.1 Overview of investment in green urban development of Hanoi city Project of general planning to build Hanoi Capital to 2030 and vision to 2050 is set with the goal of building Hanoi into a green city civilized - civilized - modern that has been Prime Minister approved in Decision No 1259 / QD-TTg dated July 26, 2011 Mobilization of green urban development investment capital of Hanoi city government has always been paid special attention and attention According to Hanoi Statistical Office, the development investment capital in Hanoi city is very high every year Foreign direct investment capital from 2010 to 2017, total registered capital of 8.021 million US dollars; The total implemented capital is 11,490 million US dollars, so the implemented capital compared to the planned capital is 1.43%, in 2010 the implementation capital is 4,270 million USD but by 2017 the implementation capital is 1,012 million USD, increasing by 23, 7% (compared with 2010) The construction value in 2017 is VND 92,576 billion, up 185.55% compared to 2010 of VND 49,893 billion Investment in green urban development in recent years has received special attention from the city government Discussions on urban development investment, capital demand, urban development investment management, investment capital management so that efficiency, planning work is always focused, building green urban have a focus and a focus but must be in line with the city's urban development, ensuring landscape architecture, preserving heritage culture, good urban environment, harmonious traffic and urban infrastructure, reasonable, always meeting the needs of urban residents 3.2 Overview of investment in green urban development of Hanoi city 3.3 Actual situation of investment development management of some green cities in Hanoi city in the period of 2010 - 2017 3.3.1 Current situation of issuing strategies, planning and plans on green urban development and investment in green urban development 11 The National Strategy on Green Growth has been issued by the Government with Decision No 1393 / QD-TTg dated September 23, 2012, indicating: "Green growth is the cause of the whole Party and the entire people , authorities, ministries, sectors, localities, businesses and social organizations ” The next is the national action plan on green growth period 2014 - 2020 in Decision No 403 / QD-TTg dated March 20, 2014 of the Prime Minister At present, it has been reviewed and proposed to develop the construction industry planning from the perspective of sustainable development and develop a policy framework and green growth plan for the construction industry in the period of 2014 - 2020 The Ministry of Construction has reviewed propose to adjust the sectoral master plan to ensure sustainable development, save fuel resources, control pollution and manage waste effectively, develop a policy framework for greening urbanization and succession Green growth plan of construction industry in the period of 2014 - 2020 Regarding urban housing planning and development strategy, 18 m2 of floor space per person will be developed, housing development will be green - civilized - modern but still preserve urban landscape architecture and complete facilities Technical infrastructure, traffic, improving urban environmental quality 3.3.2 Current status of implementing mechanisms and policies on management of green urban development investment in Hanoi Recognizing the importance of investment in urban development in the cause of industrialization and modernization of the country, the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam clearly stated in the Resolution: "Innovation mechanisms, policies, strict control of urban development process according to planning and plans Step by step forming a system of urban areas with synchronous, modern and environmentally friendly infrastructures, including a number of big urban centers, many medium and small urban centers, which are linked and rationally distributed across regions Improving the quality, uniformity and competitiveness of urban areas, attaching importance to promoting the typical role and value of urban centers, creating a driving force for economic development of the country and regions” In order to institutionalize the leadership of the Party, the 12 Government issued a program of execution to implement the Resolution of the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, which set out the task: " Renewing the mechanism policies, urban development in a synchronous, modern, sustainable, environmentally friendly, climate change response ” Along with the administration of the government, the community has not actively participated, so the management of urban development investment has not been highly effective The current legal documents not adequately regulate the process of formation, construction investment and urban development control; rights, obligations and responsibilities of State agencies, legal entities and individuals in managing urban development investment in general and green urban areas in particular The Hanoi city government has not yet performed well the management of urban development investment in general and green urban areas in particular, due to the lack of a number of regulatory documents, the management decentralization has not been clear and specific yet Create a unified body from central to local, from city government to district governments At present, the city has not had a specific policy mechanism to attract investment in green urban development It has not created favorable conditions to attract foreign investment capital, private enterprises 3.3.3 Current status of organizational apparatus for implementing green urban development investment management of Hanoi city Operating system of Hanoi city government includes: Leading by Hanoi People's Committee, followed by specialized agencies such as Department of Planning and Investment, Department of Planning Architecture, Department of Construction, Department Finance , and People’s Committees of districts, towns and subordinate departments Are civil servants in the green urban development investment management apparatus, including full-time officials, officials who inspect, check and supervise the implementation of green urban development investment management effectively? Is it reasonable? 3.3.4 Current status of checking and supervising the implementation of green urban development investment management 13 The inspection and supervision of green urban development investment management must be based on the regulations of the Government, the Ministry of Construction and the Hanoi People's Committee The inspection and supervision of departments and agencies, City People's Committees are sometimes not focused, formal, yet drastic The inspection helps managers to identify errors and bottlenecks of the organization in the process of managing green urban development investment in order to have solutions, handle, adjust and utilize resources to soon bring the system to the goal Mechanisms and policies on inspection and supervision of urban development investment in general, green urban development investment in particular are increasingly innovated and improved, enhancing the role and responsibility of the city government , namely departments: Planning - Architecture, Construction, Transportation, Finance The Hanoi city government increasingly strengthens supervision, inspection, inspection and auditing to take measures to prevent mistakes, detect and handle in time so that no serious consequences can occur 3.3.5 Management status of Hanoi city government on green urban development investment 3.3.5.1 Current status of green urban development investment management in recent years Management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city in terms of economy, society and environment, the situation is still inadequate affecting the overall development of the Capital Specifically: Firstly, the green urban areas have not been rationally arranged with the general structure of urban development investment of the whole city, the quality of life of people in urban areas decreases, putting pressure on the general structure Urban, environmental landscape as well as management of urban development investment Secondly, the city has invested in developing a number of green urban areas, but it is still unreasonable, not ensuring the connectivity of urban areas as well as urban and urban environment, and internal accessibility , social infrastructure system has not been focused, has not calculated the need to use so that it is most effective, unreasonable, 14 the rate of filling the area of services and social welfare such as: schools, hospitals , trade center, landscape architecture green space, green traffic, ecological environment Thirdly, the management of green urban development investment still has many shortcomings in preserving cultural and historical values, failing to meet people's spiritual life and active participation of the community Residential in urban areas Fourthly, the landscape architecture and urban environment are not ensured, the natural ecosystem in urban areas has not been focused and not yet harmonized with the general urban and living environment in the urban areas The market is still not good, some places are still polluted, thus affecting human health At present, many areas have been deformed, urban development investment has increased, leading to a decrease in water surface area and land surface On the other hand, the lakes in urban areas are also occupied and shrunk: West Lake, Truc Bach Lake Fifth, the management of green urban development investment of all levels and related industries is not good, leading to the situation of environmental pollution, rivers in Hanoi are narrowed And increasingly polluted Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay and Long Bien urban development areas are polluted in the construction process, overloaded and degraded drainage systems cause environmental pollution 3.3.5.2.The management of Hanoi city government on green urban investment in recent years About planning management, plans The planning goal of Hanoi City to 2030 is to build and develop Hanoi capital to become a green city - civilized - civilized - modern on the basis of sustainable development, Hanoi in the future will dynamic and efficient development, is a symbol for the whole country, playing the role of national administrative-political center, a national center of culture - science - education - economy, a center International travel and transactions are within the Asia-Pacific region Hanoi capital will be the place with the best living environment, entertainment activities with high quality and favorable investment opportunities The future wants to build and develop Hanoi into a green, civilized, civilized and modern city The main objective of the planning is set by Hanoi People's Committee, specifically: Firstly, Enhancing the role of position and competitiveness of Hanoi, deserving 15 to be the Capital of a country with more than 100 million people , sustainable development and integration with the world economy; Secondly, Building the image of Hanoi, a historical city, traditional culture, landscape, typical architecture, development and preservation of specific characteristics of Hanoi; Thirdly, orienting and implementing policies and strategies for economic, cultural, social, national security and defense of the State and the Capital; Fourthly, to build a model of urban administration, autonomy and rational decentralization for affiliated cities to create dynamism in urban management and investment attraction Urban housing development management By 2030, urban housing strives to increase from 7.5 m2 / person (in 2007) to 18 m2 / person (the national target is 15 - 20 m2 / people) and rural houses reach 15m2 of floor/person Residents from historical core cities to new urban areas or satellite towns with housing standards of national standards and a variety of types to meet the needs of many users in society For the old town, not develop new houses, focus on improving the quality of accommodation, preserving the value of housing architecture and traditional space 3.3.5.3 The planning of green urban development investment management in Hanoi The planning of green urban development investment management in Hanoi is focused on managing investment capital The management of investment capital is built on the criteria and norms for allocation of capital in each period, the annual target of the city Effective use of investment capital, creating all conditions to attract maximum other capital sources for investment in green urban development Besides, it is necessary to ensure the publicity, transparency and fairness in the allocation of annual development investment capital to be reasonable, effective and effective 3.4 Assessment of the city government in managing green urban development investment in Hanoi 3.4.1 Evaluate according to the criteria To assess the management of green urban investment development of Hanoi city government, the author evaluated based on the following four criteria: effectiveness criteria, efficiency criteria, suitable criteria and durable criteria strong The following results: 16 Validity criteria are assessed by the level of compliance with the legal documents of the Government and the city on the management of green urban investment according to each district, so as to be appropriate as well as the inspection , monitoring the management of green urban development investment HL1 - Degree of compliance with laws on green urban development investment management in Hanoi City; HL2 - Effect on monitoring and management of green urban development investment management in Hanoi; HL3 - Policy to attract green urban development investment capital in Hanoi city; HL4 - Policy to attract recruiting cadres, civil servants and officials in the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi Survey results show that: HL1 reaches the normal level of 20%, agrees 70%, totally agrees 10% HL2, the effectiveness of monitoring and supervision has not been appreciated: Normally 50%, agree 30%, totally agree 20% HL3 agrees 50%, normal 40%, totally agree 10% HL4, it is necessary to recruit cadres and civil servants in green urban development investment management This is through surveying and interviewing scientists and getting results: Normally 20%, agree 60%, totally agree 20% The efficiency criterion in the management of green urban investment development of the city government is assessed through the benefits that bring the city bigger, meeting the set objectives The results of evaluating the efficiency criteria of green urban development investment management are as follows: Effectiveness of implementing decisions and regulations (HQ1) - The effectiveness of implementation is not high, specifically: average usually 50%, agree 40%, totally agree 10% Through the survey results, the effectiveness of enforcement needs to be further strengthened Effective through green urban development investment benefits to the city (HQ2), 70% agree that it is effective through green urban development investment benefits for the city is very high Effectiveness of urban landscape, ecology and environment architecture for people (HQ3), 75% agree, 15% normal, 10% fully agree on landscape and ecological architecture, urban environment gives people Appropriate criteria of green urban development investment management are assessed that the management system should comply 17 with relevant standards and technical regulations The appropriateness of the management system is through monitoring assessment With PH2, PH4, PH5, 100% totally agree that it is appropriate to the trend of the era, in line with the economic development, in accordance with the level of scientific and technological advances, in accordance with climate change coping PH3 - development trend, strategy, planning, plans are in line with 30% of respondents, 70% agree totally In which, PH1 - Consistent with the Party's policies and guidelines, the State's laws on management of green urban development investment; PH2 - Investment in green urban development in accordance with the trend of the era, in accordance with the conditions of socio-economic development of Hanoi city; PH3 - Consistent with the trend of developing strategies, planning, plans for management of green urban development investment; PH4 - Consistent with the level of scientific and technological advances; PH5 Investment in green urban development is suitable for dealing with global climate change Sustainable criteria for green urban development investment management are assessed through green urban growth, urban clean energy development, and renewable energy, stable, scalable, improved and enhanced energy Quality of river life of urban residents Improving the quality of education and training to improve the intellectual standard and appropriate occupational level to contribute to building urban civilized lifestyle and economic development Effective use of urban land and sustainable development BV1 - Investment management policy complements the Government's green growth development strategy; BV2 - Number and structure of civil servants in the management of green urban development investment; BV3 Creating sustainable green urban areas, permanent management, little change, no disturbance; BV4 - Green urban development strategy and planning should aim at sustainable development of the general planning of Hanoi city The survey results are: BV1 with 100% totally agree, BV2 is 20% normal, 60% agree and 20% totally agree BV3 agrees to be 70%, totally agree 30%, while BV4 shows that 20% agree and 80% totally agree 3.4.2 Overall assessment of green urban development investment management 18 3.4.2.1 These achievements Green urban development investment management in Hanoi City has achieved some certain successes: Firstly, the allocation of capital and capital plan for green urban development investment is in line with the general urban development strategy, planning and plan of Hanoi city, in line with economic development - communes Assembly, investment needs of the city Secondly, the investment in green urban development has a focus, a focus, not spreading investment, the inspection and supervision of green urban investment is getting more and more closely, enhanced and gradually improve 3.4.2.2 The points are not yet in management of green urban development investment in Hanoi Firstly, the urban planning in general and green urban planning in particular have focused on implementation, but many areas have developed rapidly, while the construction planning is slow, thus affecting quality of green urban development Secondly, the implementation of the plan still has many limitations, there is a lack of regulations on planning leading to the "planning of investment", leading to the movement of investment, causing a surplus of real estate Production in a period Thirdly, the urban management apparatus in general in urban green in particular is still weak and lacking, but slowly improving and training human resources accordingly Fourthly, the social demand for urban construction is very large, but the response from the state resources is limited, especially the demand of the people on green cities is increasing, on the other hand, because the people migrate from province to Hanoi to seek new job opportunities, live, causing great pressure on housing and urban infrastructure Fifthly, the supervision, inspection and inspection work has been strengthened, but the effectiveness is still low Sixthly, the law on urban management is lacking, especially, there is no specific decree, and circular guiding the management of investment in green urban development, when there is only a decree on urban development management, the effect is not high, the Hanoi government is not really close, not drastically implemented 3.4.3 The cause of success and limitation of green urban development investment management in Hanoi city 19 3.4.3.1 The cause of success To achieve certain success in the management of green urban development investment due to the following reasons: Firstly, Hanoi City prioritizes green urban development, creating conditions to promote all resources Urban development in general and green urban areas in particular Secondly, Hanoi City builds a strategic system, planning and planning the investment in green urban development, the general planning of Hanoi Capital construction till 2030, vision to 2050 has been Prime Minister Decision 3.4.3.2 The cause of the restriction Although Hanoi City has planned and developed green urban areas, the implementation has not been implemented thoroughly and synchronously by the city government due to several reasons: Firstly, the city government lacks consistency among managers, the division of management decentralization is overlapping, and management capacity is weak and not good Secondly, Lack of strategic vision and control mechanisms and policies for green urban development investment, it is unclear whether the people in need of living in green urban areas have not met the supply Bridge Thirdly, planning work still has many issues that need further research Specifically: No big green urban areas have been formed yet, green - clean - beautiful urban centers of culture, entertainment and urban environment It is necessary to promote green urban planning with landscape architecture space, urban traffic continue to upgrade and expand in green direction - smart, green urban infrastructure connection and less polluted urban environment The city government needs to find resources for investment in developing green - smart - modern - sustainable urban areas as well as establishing the most effective, effective and most effective green urban development investment management tool Fourthly, participation in community supervision is weak, some are indifferent, not care or have no political opinions, some parts are interested in immediate benefits, group benefits have not seen the importance of Green urban development investment will bring benefits to living conditions, living environment close to nature, environmentally friendly 20 CHAPTER SOLUTIONS TO COMPLETE THE MANAGEMENT OF GREEN URBAN DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT IN HANOI CITY 4.1 Context and difficulties and advantages in management of green urban development investment management in Hanoi by 2030 4.1.1 New context of green urban development investment management in Hanoi International context: In a flat world today requires all resources to integrate, all sectors are highly competitive Vietnam is a country that actively participates in and participates in multilateral international economic links such as APPF, RCEP, EVFTA, CPTPP For construction industry, urban development investment takes place with speed Fastness in both width and depth, in recent times, has been paid special attention to and focused on green urban development investment The management of green urban development investment is an indispensable process, creating a strong impetus to promote socioeconomic development, but the downside of green urban development investment has a significant impact on the system Urban ecology and urban environment Domestic context: The process of urban development in our country has a significant impact on socio-economic development, rapid growth in both quantity and quality By 2030, the country has about 1,000 cities with a population of about 55 million people (accounting for about 50% of the total population), with urban construction land demand of about 450,000 hectares (accounting for about 1.4% of natural area) Of the whole country), with 100% of urban authorities of grade III or higher applying smart urban government and smart urban citizens Background of green urban development investment in Hanoi: In the context of climate change increasingly existing and impacting urban effects, Hanoi city has been taking the right step in development investment , preserve a green city Investment in green urban development in the current period is generating a number of inadequacies: the system of technical infrastructure works, unresponsive traffic systems, water supply and drainage, waste water 21 and waste treatment Overloading, inadequate planning, policy mechanisms are inadequate, population density is increasing, natural resources and urban land are being exploited thoroughly From the actual situation, Hanoi People's Committee set a goal of building a green - smart - modern urban area in a sustainable way, with a focus on the following issues: Firstly, ensuring harmony and sustainability between green urban and traditional urban areas, with the characteristics of Hanoi Capital, preserving identity and heritage Secondly, Harmonizing economic development, development developing green - smart - modern urban areas towards sustainability, urban environment with less pollution, building and improving the quality of social, public utilities and green space landscape architecture Thirdly, attaching the development of green - smart modern urban areas towards sustainability, strongly exploiting underground space, with a vision in the planning - the overall architecture of the city 4.1.2 Opportunities and challenges on green urban development investment management in Hanoi In the context of international integration in Vietnam in general and Hanoi Capital in particular is both a favorable condition and a big challenge for the management of green urban development investment in the current period The creator SWOT model creates an overall picture of green urban development investment management with the most prominent and detailed lines The analysis here only focuses on a number of highlights of the management of green urban development investment, the main aspects of weaknesses and weaknesses to provide solutions to improve the management of urban development investment Green market in the coming time 4.2 Orientation on management of green urban development investment in the coming years of Hanoi city 4.2.1 Bases for building investment management orientation 4.2.1.1 Objectives, green urban development strategy of Hanoi The urban development goal in Hanoi city by 2030, vision of 2050 has been proposed by the Government to build Hanoi urban development towards green - civilized - modern - smart towards sustainability Building a dynamic, effective, pervasive and highly competitive Hanoi, regional and international; creating favorable conditions for people to have the most ideal living environment 22 4.2.1.2 Green urban development planning of Hanoi city The overall planning of socio-economic development and the General Plan of the Capital to 2030 vision to 2050, Hanoi's future is expected to be a green capital - civilized - civilized - modern 4.2.2 Orientation for management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city till 2030 4.2.2.1 Development orientation of urban space Urban space development is a multi-polar, multi-center, multilevel connection Specifically, investment in urban development in Hanoi includes nuclear urban and 05 satellite cities (Hoa Lac, Son Tay, Phu Xuyen, Xuan Mai, Soc Son) 4.2.2.2 Effective orientation of managing investment capital sources Managing investment and development of green urban areas has achieved good results, the management of investment capital must be effective, it is necessary to take measures to thoroughly mobilize capital and allocate investment capital needed Clearly, green urban development investment must be topical and urgent 4.3 Some solutions to improve the state management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city in the period of 2030 4.3.1 Completing urban planning, strengthening the planning of green urban development investment for Hanoi city in the coming years 4.3.2 Completing the legal framework and policy system related to green urban development investment management in Hanoi city 4.3.3 Strengthen mobilization of modern green-urban development investment capital sources in Hanoi in the coming time 4.3.4 Strengthen management of Hanoi city government in green urban development investment 4.3.5 Completing the organizational structure, the governmental apparatus at all levels and the mechanism for managing green urban development investment 4.3.6 Strengthen management functions of district and provincial authorities in managing investment and development of green urban areas in the area 4.3.7 Strengthen management of inspection, inspection and supervision of the city government in management of green urban development investment 23 CONCLUSION Green urban development investment management plays an important role for Hanoi Capital in particular and the country in general, this is a huge and complicated issue because it involves many subjects Through the topic "Management of green urban development investment of Hanoi City", the dissertation has done well and focused on researching and proposing solutions to solve some main contents in comparison with research objectives and research tasks Research, research questions The specific results of the thesis are as follows: (1) The author has codified and clarified the concepts of green cities, green urban development, green urban development investment and head management Green urban development investment on the basis of researching current legal documents of the State of Vietnam on management of development investment in general and management of green urban development investment in particular, to analyze tasks , the roles and responsibilities of Hanoi city authorities as well as community supervision, sense of responsibility of urban residents; (2) The dissertation has clarified the theoretical framework of analysis and evaluated the management of green urban development investment The main factors affecting the management of green urban development investment so that the author has specific research directions and objectives; (3) On the theoretical basis of green urban development investment management, the author analyzes and evaluates the true status of green urban development, management of green urban development investment of Ha Noi city government Cabinet From that, it shows the achieved results, the points that have not been achieved, the causes of success and the causes of restrictions on the legal environment, organizational system of the city government, professional qualifications as well as capacity Manage the green urban development investment management of Hanoi city Summary of theories, principles of management of urban development investment in green - smart - modern - sustainable ways; (4) From the orientation of green urban development investment management in the coming years, the author offers a number of solutions to improve the management of green urban development investment in Hanoi city by 2030 effectively, effectively, appropriately and sustainably, as well as affirming the role and position of Hanoi Capital - Being the heart of the country, the center of national politics and administration, the center great in culture, science, education, economics and international transactions 24 ... Decision No 1259 / QD-TTg dated July 26, 2011 Mobilization of green urban development investment capital of Hanoi city government has always been paid special attention and attention According to... the city has not had a specific policy mechanism to attract investment in green urban development It has not created favorable conditions to attract foreign investment capital, private enterprises... Committee, followed by specialized agencies such as Department of Planning and Investment, Department of Planning Architecture, Department of Construction, Department Finance , and People’s Committees
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: Quản lý đầu tư phát triển đô thị xanh ở thành phố hà nội tt tiếng anh , Quản lý đầu tư phát triển đô thị xanh ở thành phố hà nội tt tiếng anh

Từ khóa liên quan

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn

Nhận lời giải ngay chưa đến 10 phút Đăng bài tập ngay