PHÂN TÍCH DIỄN NGÔN

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1 A discourse can be of any size as long as it forms a(n)…… A meaningful whole V B group of sentences C large stretch of language D All are correct According to Halliday & Hasan, (1976), discourse is …… A a grammatical unit B isolated words or sentences C a unit of form D a unit of language in use V According to J R Firth, by studying conversations can we understand………… better A language and its form x B All are correct C language and its function D Language and its structure Under the influence of Bloomfield, and then Chomsky, linguists focused on ……… problems of language for many decades A All are correct B formal and structural V C semantic D functional Passives, it-clefts or wh-clefts are common in…… A written language B All are correct C spoken and written texts D spoken language V The first official studies on discourse appeared in… A the 1930s B the 1920s C the 1940s D the 1950s v Spoken language contains many ……, often simply sequences of phrases A incomplete sentences v B well-structured sentences C internally complex D subordinate clauses Informativity depends on the notions of …… and probability A predictability B interchangeability C Knowledgeability D choice v ……… refers to the relationship between a particular text and other texts which share characteristics with it A Informativity B Acceptabilty C Intentionality D Intertextuality v Coherence is the feeling that a text …… A has a formal surface relationship B hangs together v C contains information D belongs to a particular genre The writer is …… the speaker A as implicit as B more implicit than C less implicit than v D All are correct Under the influence of Bloomfield, and then Chomsky, linguists focused on ……… problems of language for many decades A formal and structural v B semantic C functional D All are correct Coherence is the feeling that a text …… A hangs together V B contains information C has a formal surface relationship D belongs to a particular genre According to Carthy (1993), cohesion is a guide to … A coherence v B Intertextuality C intentionality D informativity According to J R Firth, by studying conversations can we understand………… better A language and its form B All are correct C language and its function v D Language and its structure Cohesion is concerned with formal surface structures (syntax and lexis) to interact with underlying …… relations or underlying functional coherence to create textual unity A Syntactic B pragmatic C All are correct D semantic V Linguistically, written language tends to consist of clauses that are…… A structurally independent B All are correct C internally complex v D simply structured Coherence is concerned with the ……… sequencing of the arrangement of the information, the concepts and relation of the textual world which underlie and are realized by the surface text A illogical B logical v C surface D random The syntax of spoken language is typically …… structured… that of written language A much less….than1923 B All are correct X C as much….as D much more… than ……… refers to the relationship between a particular text and other texts which share characteristics with it A Informativity B Intertextuality v C Intentionality D Acceptabilty According to David Nunan, (1993), … can be related, not only in terms of the idea they share, but also in terms of their functions within the discourse A words B sentences v C All are correct D Phrases According to Nunan (1993) there are …… types of context A two v B four C three D five How many elements are there in Halliday’s model of context? A.3 v B.5 C D.2 According to Dell Hymes, the context consists of …… elements A B 11 C.8 D 10 v ………context is the language that surrounds or accompanies the piece of discourse under analysis A All are correct B Linguistic v C Experiential D Non-linguistic There is …… of discourse kinds which consist of only one word/phrase/sentence A a number B a large number C a small number v D a considerable number The topic, the purpose of the event and the setting belong to … context A a formal B All are correct C non-linguisic v D linguistic v D limited There is a(n) …… relationship between discourse and context A overt B unilateral C dialectical What does Addresser refer to in Dell Hymes’ model of context? A Only the speaker B the hearer or the reader C Only the writer D the speaker or the writer In Dell Hymes’ model of context, Code is a term which is used instead of …… A language v B text-type C the time and place of a speech event D evaluation of the text v According to J R Firth, the context consists of …….elements A.2 x B.3 C.5 D According to J R Firth, all meaning was …… A form-based B function in context V C All are correct D context-free 56 Utterances are not only dependant on the physical context for their interpretations, they are also …… the language surrounding them A independent of B closely related to v C slightly related to D isolated from The overhearers or unintended addressees are referred to as… in Dell Hymes’ model of context A channel B audience v C topic D setting ………refers to the situation giving rise to the discourse, and within which the discourse is embedded A Discourse B Text C Context v D Textuality The interpretation of one sentence …… without looking back at the previous sentences or referring to the coming ones A All are correct B is hardly achieved V C can be achieved D is likely to be achieved 132Echoing and auxiliary contrasting are the two types of ……… A clausal ellipsis X B None is correct C nominal ellipsis D verbal ellipsis 22 Clausal substitution is expressed through ……… A such and not B All are correct X C such and so D so and not 21 Grammatical cohesion is the surface marking of …… links between clauses and sentences in written discourse, and between utterances and turns in speech A semantic B All are correct C syntactic X 23‘not…but’ is the basic meaning of … A Contrastive relations X C Adversative relation ‘proper’ B Dismissive (generalized adversative) relations D Corrective relations 24 Halliday & Hasan divides verbal ellipsis into ……… A lexical and echoing ellipsis B operator and echoing ellipsis C operator and auxiliary contrasting ellipsis D lexical and operator ellipsis 25 There are ……… types of substitution A B.3 V According to Nunan (1993) there are …… types of context C D.4 D pragmatic A two v B four C three D five How many elements are there in Halliday’s model of context? A.3 v B.5 C D.2 According to Dell Hymes, the context consists of …… elements A B 11 C.8 D 10 v ………context is the language that surrounds or accompanies the piece of discourse under analysis A All are correct B Linguistic v C Experiential D Non-linguistic There is …… of discourse kinds which consist of only one word/phrase/sentence A a number B a large number C a small number v D a considerable number The topic, the purpose of the event and the setting belong to … context A a formal B All are correct C non-linguisic v D linguistic v D limited There is a(n) …… relationship between discourse and context A overt B unilateral C dialectical What does Addresser refer to in Dell Hymes’ model of context? A Only the speaker B the hearer or the reader C Only the writer D the speaker or the writer v In Dell Hymes’ model of context, Code is a term which is used instead of …… A language v B text-type C the time and place of a speech event D evaluation of the text According to J R Firth, the context consists of …….elements A.2 x B.3 C.5 D According to J R Firth, all meaning was …… A form-based B function in context V C All are correct D context-free 56 Utterances are not only dependant on the physical context for their interpretations, they are also …… the language surrounding them A independent of B closely related to v C slightly related to D isolated from The overhearers or unintended addressees are referred to as… in Dell Hymes’ model of context A channel B audience v C topic D setting ………refers to the situation giving rise to the discourse, and within which the discourse is embedded A Discourse B Text C Context v D Textuality The interpretation of one sentence …… without looking back at the previous sentences or referring to the coming ones A All are correct B is hardly achieved C can be achieved 132 Echoing and auxiliary contrasting are the two types of ……… x D is likely to be achieved x Chọn câu trả lời: a clausal ellipsis x b None is correct c nominal ellipsis d verbal ellipsis 12 Clausal substitution is expressed through ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a such and not b All are correct X c such and so d so and not 12 Grammatical cohesion is the surface marking of …… links between clauses and sentences in written discourse, and between utterances and turns in speech Chọn câu trả lời: a semantic b All are correct c syntactic X d pragmatic 11 ‘not…but’ is the basic meaning of … Chọn câu trả lời: a Contrastive relations X b Dismissive (generalized adversative) relations c Adversative relation ‘proper’ d Corrective relations 11 Halliday & Hasan divides verbal ellipsis into ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a lexical and echoing ellipsis b operator and echoing ellipsis c operator and auxiliary contrasting ellipsis d lexical and operator ellipsis 123 There are ……… types of substitution Chọn câu trả lời: a b X X c d Based on………, reference is classified into exophoric and endophoric reference Chọn câu trả lời: a reference realisation b pointing direction c its function X d All are correct According to Halliday & Hasan, substitution is a relation within the text on the ……… level Chọn câu trả lời: a syntactical X b lexical c grammatical d lexico-grammatical References to assumed, shared worlds outside the text are …… reference Chọn câu trả lời: a exophoric b cataphoric c anaphoric d endophoric X Grammatical cohesive devices include reference, substitution, ellipsis and ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a subordination b conjunction c apposition X d co-ordination Most of the instances of the substitute one/ones are ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a cataphoric A b All are correct c anaphoric d exophoric Lexical cohesion is divided into reiteration and ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a apposition b collocation c subordination X d coordination According to J R Firth, the context consists of …….elements Chọn câu trả lời: a b c d V Lexical cohesion is divided into reiteration and ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a subordination b collocation c coordination d apposition V ………presents a part/whole relationship Chọn câu trả lời: a Antonymy b Synonymy X c Superordinate d Meronymy Echoing and auxiliary contrasting are the two types of ……… Chọn câu trả lời: a verbal ellipsis V b None is correct c clausal ellipsis d nominal ellipsis Grammatical cohesion is the surface marking of …… links between clauses and sentences in written discourse, and between utterances and turns in speech Chọn câu trả lời: a pragmatic b All are correct c semantic V d syntactic The basic meaning of the …… is ‘there is something more to be said’ Chọn câu trả lời: a temporal relation b additive relation V c causal relation d adversative relation Nominal substitution is the use of a substitute item to replace the ……… of a corresponding noun phrase Chọn câu trả lời: a All are correct b Premodification c Head noun V d Postmodification A discourse can be of any size as long as it forms a(n)…… A meaningful whole B group of sentences V C large stretch of language D All are correct According to Halliday & Hasan, (1976), discourse is …… A a grammatical unit B isolated words or sentences C a unit of form D a unit of language in use V According to J R Firth, by studying conversations can we understand………… better A language and its form x B All are correct C language and its function D Language and its structure Under the influence of Bloomfield, and then Chomsky, linguists focused on ……… problems of language for many decades A All are correct B formal and structural V C semantic D functional Passives, it-clefts or wh-clefts are common in…… A written language B All are correct C spoken and written texts D spoken language V The first official studies on discourse appeared in… A the 1930s B the 1920s C the 1940s D the 1950s v Spoken language contains many ……, often simply sequences of phrases A incomplete sentences B well-structured sentences C internally complex v D subordinate clauses Informativity depends on the notions of …… and probability A predictability B interchangeability C Knowledgeability D choice v ……… refers to the relationship between a particular text and other texts which share characteristics with it A Informativity B Acceptabilty C Intentionality D Intertextuality v Coherence is the feeling that a text …… A has a formal surface relationship B hangs together v C contains information D belongs to a particular genre The writer is …… the speaker A as implicit as B more implicit than C less implicit than v D All are correct Under the influence of Bloomfield, and then Chomsky, linguists focused on ……… problems of language for many decades A formal and structural v B semantic C functional D All are correct Coherence is the feeling that a text …… A hangs together V B contains information C has a formal surface relationship D belongs to a particular genre 5 According to Carthy (1993), cohesion is a guide to … A coherence v B Intertextuality C intentionality D informativity According to J R Firth, by studying conversations can we understand………… better A language and its form B All are correct C language and its function v D Language and its structure Cohesion is concerned with formal surface structures (syntax and lexis) to interact with underlying …… relations or underlying functional coherence to create textual unity A Syntactic B pragmatic C All are correct D semantic V Linguistically, written language tends to consist of clauses that are…… A structurally independent B All are correct C internally complex v D simply structured Coherence is concerned with the ……… sequencing of the arrangement of the information, the concepts and relation of the textual world which underlie and are realized by the surface text A illogical B logical v C surface D random The syntax of spoken language is typically …… structured… that of written language A much less….than1923 B All are correct X C as much….as D much more… than ……… refers to the relationship between a particular text and other texts which share characteristics with it A Informativity B Intertextuality v C Intentionality D Acceptabilty According to David Nunan, (1993), … can be related, not only in terms of the idea they share, but also in terms of their functions within the discourse A words B sentences v C All are correct D Phrases According to Nunan (1993) there are …… types of context A two v B four C three D five How many elements are there in Halliday’s model of context? A.3 v B.5 C D.2 According to Dell Hymes, the context consists of …… elements A B 11 C.8 D 10 v ………context is the language that surrounds or accompanies the piece of discourse under analysis A All are correct B Linguistic v C Experiential D Non-linguistic There is …… of discourse kinds which consist of only one word/phrase/sentence A a number B a large number C a small number v D a considerable number The topic, the purpose of the event and the setting belong to … context A a formal B All are correct C non-linguisic v D linguistic v D limited There is a(n) …… relationship between discourse and context A overt B unilateral C dialectical What does Addresser refer to in Dell Hymes’ model of context? A Only the speaker B the hearer or the reader C Only the writer D the speaker or the writer In Dell Hymes’ model of context, Code is a term which is used instead of …… A language v B text-type C the time and place of a speech event According to J R Firth, the context consists of …….elements A.2 x B.3 C.5 According to J R Firth, all meaning was …… D D evaluation of the text v A form-based B function in context V C All are correct D context-free 56 Utterances are not only dependant on the physical context for their interpretations, they are also …… the language surrounding them A independent of B closely related to v C slightly related to D isolated from The overhearers or unintended addressees are referred to as… in Dell Hymes’ model of context A channel B audience v C topic D setting ………refers to the situation giving rise to the discourse, and within which the discourse is embedded A Discourse B Text C Context v D Textuality The interpretation of one sentence …… without looking back at the previous sentences or referring to the coming ones A All are correct B is hardly achieved V C can be achieved D is likely to be achieved 132Echoing and auxiliary contrasting are the two types of ……… A clausal ellipsis X B None is correct C nominal ellipsis D verbal ellipsis 22 Clausal substitution is expressed through ……… A such and not B All are correct X C such and so D so and not 21 Grammatical cohesion is the surface marking of …… links between clauses and sentences in written discourse, and between utterances and turns in speech A semantic B All are correct C syntactic X 23‘not…but’ is the basic meaning of … A Contrastive relations X C Adversative relation ‘proper’ B Dismissive (generalized adversative) relations D Corrective relations 24 Halliday & Hasan divides verbal ellipsis into ……… A lexical and echoing ellipsis B operator and echoing ellipsis C operator and auxiliary contrasting ellipsis D lexical and operator ellipsis 25 There are ……… types of substitution A B.3 V C According to Nunan (1993) there are …… types of context A two v B four C three D five How many elements are there in Halliday’s model of context? D.4 D pragmatic A.3 v B.5 C D.2 According to Dell Hymes, the context consists of …… elements A B 11 C.8 D 10 v ………context is the language that surrounds or accompanies the piece of discourse under analysis A All are correct B Linguistic v C Experiential D Non-linguistic There is …… of discourse kinds which consist of only one word/phrase/sentence A a number B a large number C a small number v D a considerable number The topic, the purpose of the event and the setting belong to … context A a formal B All are correct C non-linguisic v D linguistic v D limited There is a(n) …… relationship between discourse and context A overt B unilateral C dialectical What does Addresser refer to in Dell Hymes’ model of context? A Only the speaker B the hearer or the reader C Only the writer D the speaker or the writer v In Dell Hymes’ model of context, Code is a term which is used instead of …… A language v B text-type C the time and place of a speech event D evaluation of the text According to J R Firth, the context consists of …….elements A.2 x B.3 C.5 D According to J R Firth, all meaning was …… A form-based B function in context V C All are correct D context-free 56 Utterances are not only dependant on the physical context for their interpretations, they are also …… the language surrounding them A independent of B closely related to v C slightly related to D isolated from The overhearers or unintended addressees are referred to as… in Dell Hymes’ model of context A channel B audience v C topic D setting ………refers to the situation giving rise to the discourse, and within which the discourse is embedded A Discourse B Text C Context v D Textuality The interpretation of one sentence …… without looking back at the previous sentences or referring to the coming ones A All are correct 132 B is hardly achieved C can be achieved x D is likely to be achieved x
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