Power electronics circuits, devices applications

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Power electronics circuits, devices applications.Electrical Engineering.This book is dedicated to my dear wife Ilse who with great patience encouraged me to persevere with the completion of this work. ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫(~~‪~~~11~(1110115 01 ~0‬‬ ‫‪81~~1(0111~5, 1‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪5~1111~01100~10( 1)~~1~~5, 3‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0111(01 ~113((1~1~(1511~5 01 ~0‬‬ ‫‪1)~~1~~5, 8‬‬ ‫(~~‪1~~~5 01 ~0‬‬ ‫‪81~~1(0111~ 0(~0115,‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫(~~‪1)~51~11 01 ~0‬‬ ‫‪81~~1(0111~5 8().01~111~111, 12‬‬ ‫‪~~(1~11~(31 811~~15, 13‬‬ ‫‪5 0111111(1(~, 13‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~11~~5, 14‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 00~5110115, 14‬‬ ‫‪1-1‬‬ ‫‪1-2‬‬ ‫‪1-3‬‬ ‫‪1-4‬‬ ‫‪1-5‬‬ ‫‪1-6‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪25‬‬ ‫‪101(0011~1100, 15‬‬ ‫‪0100~5 ~1111~~ (100 ~1., 1.0(105, 15‬‬ ‫‪0100~5 ~11111.,~ (100 ~1.,~ 1.0(105, 18‬‬ ‫‪~(~~~11~~110~ 0100~5, 23‬‬ ‫‪~~~0~~()1 011((11111~0 ~0~(~)1 ~1111(1 0100~,‬‬ ‫‪29‬‬ ‫‪510~1~-.,11(15~ 1-1(111-~(1~~ ~~~1111~(5,‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪33‬‬ ‫‪.,~(10((0(10~~ ,(1((1(0~1~(5, 29‬‬ ‫‪510~1~-.,11(15~ ~1111-~(1~~ ~~~1111~(5,‬‬ ‫‪41‬‬ ‫‪~111111111(15~51(1( ~~~1111~(5, 38‬‬ ‫‪111(~~-.,11(15~ 13(10~~ ~~~1111~(5,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1111~( 0(~1111 0~51~0,‬‬ ‫‪44‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪~11~~15 01 5011(~~ (100 1.0(10 10011~1(10~~5, 49‬‬ ‫‪511(0(0(1()1, 50‬‬ ‫‪51‬‬ ‫‪51‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~0~~5,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 011~511005,‬‬ ‫‪.,(001~(05,‬‬ ‫‪52‬‬ ‫‪56‬‬ ‫‪57‬‬ ‫‪101(0011~1100, 56‬‬ ‫‪~(1111((11 ~0(0(0111(11100,‬‬ ‫‪~0(0(0111(11100,‬‬ ‫‪~0(~~0‬‬ ‫‪3-3.1 5~11-~0(0(0111(11100,‬‬ ‫‪58‬‬ ‫‪3-3.2 1(0111115~ ~0(0(0111(11100, 60‬‬ ‫‪3-3.3 ~~500(101 ,1115~ ~0(0(0111(11100, 64‬‬ ‫‪3-3.4 ~0(0111~(0~01(1()1 ~0(0(0111(11100, 67‬‬ ‫‪3-3.5 ~)(1~(0(11 ,1115~ ~0(0(0111(11100, 69‬‬ ‫‪3-3.6 1.0(10-510~ ~0(0(0111(11100, 69‬‬ ‫‪3-3.7 1.10~-510~ ~0(0(0111(11100, 69‬‬ ‫‪~0(0(0111(11100 0(~1111 0~51~0, 71‬‬ ‫‪~0(0(0111(11100 ~(111(1~110(5, 74‬‬ ‫‪511(0(0(1()1, 74‬‬ ‫‪74‬‬ ‫‪75‬‬ ‫‪78‬‬ ‫‪~~~~, ~~ 3‬‬ ‫‪3-1‬‬ ‫‪3-2‬‬ ‫‪3-3‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪57‬‬ ‫‪2-1‬‬ ‫‪2-2‬‬ ‫‪2-3‬‬ ‫‪2-4‬‬ ‫‪2-5‬‬ ‫‪2-6‬‬ ‫‪2-7‬‬ ‫‪2-8‬‬ ‫‪2-9‬‬ ‫‪2-10‬‬ ‫‪2-11‬‬ ‫‪2-12‬‬ ‫‪011~((11100,‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~0~~5,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 011~511005,‬‬ ‫‪.,(001~(05,‬‬ ‫‪75‬‬ ‫(~‪~00~~(1‬‬ ‫‪101(0011~1100, 77‬‬ ‫‪.,(10~1111~ 01 ,11(15~-~001(011~0‬‬ ‫‪80‬‬ ‫‪84‬‬ ‫‪510~1~- ,11(15~ 5~(01~00~~(1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪510~1~-.,11(15~ ~1111 ~00~~(1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪87‬‬ ‫‪3-4‬‬ ‫‪3-5‬‬ ‫‪510~1~- ,11(15~ 011(11 ~00~~(1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪4-1‬‬ ‫‪/4-2‬‬ ‫‪~4-3‬‬ ‫‪~-4‬‬ ‫‪4-5‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪95‬‬ ‫‪5~(1~5 ~0(1~~(1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪90‬‬ ‫‪1-1(11~-~(1~~ ~0(1~~ 1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪5~1111~0(1~~ 1~(5, 99‬‬ ‫‪~011 ~0(1~~ 1~ 5, 101‬‬ ‫‪00(11 ~0(1~~ 1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪105‬‬ ‫‪1111~ 0~~111~(115,‬‬ ‫‪107‬‬ ‫~‪51(1~1~-~11(15‬‬ ‫~‪111 ~~-~11(15‬‬ ‫~‪111(~~-~11(15‬‬ ‫~‪111 ~~-~11(15‬‬ ‫~‪111 ~~-~11(15‬‬ ‫‪8)(11(1~110(1 ~(1~1~ ~0(11 01, 108‬‬ ‫‪5)1111111~1 1~(11‬‬ ‫‪~11~1~ ~0(11 01, 110‬‬ ‫‪~015~- ~10111- ~0001(1110(1 ~0(11 01, 112‬‬ ‫‪51(105010(11 ~015~- ~10111 ~0001(1110(1,‬‬ ‫‪114‬‬ ‫‪0~ ~0(1~~ 1~( ~0115, 115‬‬ ‫‪4-11.1‬‬ ‫‪4-11.2‬‬ ‫‪4-11.3‬‬ ‫‪4-11.4‬‬ ‫‪0~51~(1‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫(‪~(1~10‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪1(100~1(1(1~~5, 117‬‬ ‫~~‪8~~~~15 0~ 1.0(10 (1(10 500 ‬‬ ‫‪4-6‬‬ ‫‪4-7‬‬ ‫‪4-8‬‬ ‫‪4-9‬‬ ‫‪4-10‬‬ ‫‪4-11‬‬ ‫‪4-12‬‬ ‫‪4-13‬‬ ‫~‬ ‫‪51101111(1()1,‬‬ ‫‪119‬‬ ‫‪~~~~ ~(1~~5,‬‬ ‫‪119‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪00~5110115,‬‬ ‫‪120‬‬ ‫‪121‬‬ ‫‪124‬‬ ‫~~‪~~~1‬‬ ‫‪~ 0~1~1115,‬‬ ‫‪1(11(000~110(1,‬‬ ‫‪51(1~1~-~11(15~ ~~ 5~11~11~5, 125‬‬ ‫‪111 ~~-~11(15~ ~~ 5~11~11~5, 127‬‬ ‫‪111 ~~-~11(15~ ~~~~ 51(1~ 5~11~11~5, 127‬‬ ‫‪130‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪~~ 5~11~11~5 ~0 1305 1((1(15~~(,‬‬ ‫‪0~ 5~11~11~5, 130‬‬ ‫‪50110-51(11~ ~~1(1)15, 132‬‬ ‫‪0~51~(1 0~ 51(111~ 5~11~11~5, 133‬‬ ‫‪/5-1‬‬ ‫‪5-2‬‬ ‫‪5-3‬‬ ‫‪5-4‬‬ ‫‪5-5‬‬ ‫‪/5-6‬‬ ‫‪5-7‬‬ ‫‪5-8‬‬ ‫‪50111111(1 )1, 134‬‬ ‫‪134‬‬ ‫‪134‬‬ ‫‪~~~~(~11~~5,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 00~5110(15,‬‬ ‫‪~ 0~1~1115, 135‬‬ ‫‪1111 000~110(1, 137‬‬ ‫‪138‬‬ ‫‪~0(11 01,‬‬ ‫‪140‬‬ ‫‪142‬‬ ‫‪1.0(105,‬‬ ‫~~‪~1111 ~~51511‬‬ ‫‪145‬‬ ‫‪1.0(105,‬‬ ‫‪148‬‬ ‫‪157‬‬ ‫‪~0(11 011~ 5,‬‬ ‫‪0~ ~11(15~ ~0(11 01,‬‬ ‫~‪~ 1(1~1~1‬‬ ‫‪13101(~~11011(11‬‬ ‫~‪51(1~1~-~11(15‬‬ ‫‪~0(11(011~ 5‬‬ ‫~‪51(1~1~-~11(15‬‬ ‫~~‪~11111(100~11‬‬ ‫‪154‬‬ ‫‪161‬‬ ‫‪~0(11(011~ 5‬‬ ‫~~‪~ 111~1~1~ 0~ 0(1-0‬‬ ‫‪~0(11(011~(5,‬‬ ‫‪~0(11 011~ 5,‬‬ ‫~~‪~11(15~ 1-1(11~-~(1‬‬ ‫~~‪111 ‬‬ ‫~~‪~011-~(1‬‬ ‫~‪111 ~~-~11(15‬‬ ‫‪0~11(1-~0(111~~1~0‬‬ ‫‪13101(~~110(1(11‬‬ ‫~‪111 ~~-~11(15‬‬ ‫~‪1(1‬‬ ‫‪1((1(15~0(111~ ‬‬ ‫~‪51(1~1~-~11(15‬‬ ‫‪~11(1(1~~ 5,‬‬ ‫‪166‬‬ ‫‪~)1~10~0(1~~ 1~ 5,‬‬ ‫‪6-1‬‬ ‫‪6-2‬‬ ‫‪6-3‬‬ ‫‪6-4‬‬ ‫‪,/6-5‬‬ ‫‪6-6‬‬ ‫‪6-7‬‬ ‫‪6-8‬‬ ‫‪6-9‬‬ ‫‪6-10‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪6-11‬‬ ‫‪6-12‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪6-10.1 510~1~-~1138~ ~)1~10~00~~(1~(8, 166‬‬ ‫‪6-10 111(~~- ~1138~ ~)1~10~00~~(1~(8, 168‬‬ ‫‪6-10.3 ~~011~1100 01 0111~1111-13((0001~8, 169‬‬ ‫‪1)~81~0 01 ~~ ~ 0113~~-~001(011~( ~1(~11118,172‬‬ ‫‪~11~~18 01 5011(~~ 300 1-030 10011~130~~8, 175‬‬ ‫‪511(0(03()1, 176‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~0~~8, 176‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 011~811008, 176‬‬ ‫‪~(001~(08, 177‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪101(0011~1100, 180‬‬ ‫‪~(10~1~1~ 01 51~~-1)0~0 0~~(31100, 180‬‬ ‫‪51~~-1)0~0 ~110~~~(8 ~1111~1 1-030, 183‬‬ ‫‪~(10~1~1~ 01 51~~-1)~ 0~~(31100, 186‬‬ ‫‪~~(10((030~~ ~3(3(0~1~(8, 189‬‬ ‫‪5~11~1110~-~00~ ~~~111310(8, 189‬‬ ‫‪7-6.1 1311~~~~~111310(8, 190‬‬ ‫‪7-6.2 130081 ~~~111310(8, 193‬‬ ‫‪7-6.3 1311~~-130081 ~~~111310(8, 196‬‬ ‫‪7-6.4 ~11~ ~~~111310(8, 199‬‬ ‫‪7-6.5 1-1(01131100801 510~1~-513~~ ~00~~(8100, 204‬‬ ‫‪111)1(1810( ~110~~~( 0(~11118, 204‬‬ ‫‪7-7.1 1(0~1118~-~0(0(011131~0 ~110~~~(8, 205‬‬ ‫‪7-7.2 ~11~~18_015011(~~ 300 1-030 10011~130~~, 210‬‬ ‫‪7-7.3 1(0~1118~-~0(0(011131~0 111(~~-111)1(1810( ~110~~~(8, 210‬‬ ‫‪7-7.4 ~~800301 ~1118~~110~~~(8, 212‬‬ ‫‪~110~~~( ~1(~11111)~81~0, 215‬‬ ‫‪~3~0~11~ ~00810~(311008, 221‬‬ ‫‪7-1‬‬ ‫‪7-2‬‬ ‫‪7-3‬‬ ‫‪7-4‬‬ ‫‪7-5‬‬ ‫‪7-6‬‬ ‫‪221‬‬ ‫‪221‬‬ ‫‪222‬‬ ‫‪7-7‬‬ ‫‪7-8‬‬ ‫‪7-9‬‬ ‫‪511(0(03()1,‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~0~~8,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 011~811008,‬‬ ‫‪~(001~(08,‬‬ ‫‪223‬‬ ‫‪101(0011~1100, 226‬‬ ‫‪~(10~1~1~ 01 0~~(31100, 227‬‬ ‫‪~~(10((030~~ ~3(3(0~1~(8, 228‬‬ ‫‪510~1~-~1138~ 13(10~~ 10~~(1~(8, 230‬‬ ‫‪111(~~-~1138~ 10~~(1~(8, 233‬‬ ‫‪~0113~~ ~001(01 01 510~1~-~1138~ 10~~(1~(8, 239‬‬ ‫‪8-6.1 510~1~-~1118~-~10111 ~0011131100, 240‬‬ ‫‪8-1‬‬ ‫‪8-2‬‬ ‫‪8-3‬‬ ‫‪8-4‬‬ ‫‪8-5‬‬ ‫‪8-6‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪8-6.2‬‬ ‫‪245‬‬ ‫‪~11111~1~-111115~-~10111‬‬ ‫‪~00111(11100, 241‬‬ ‫‪8-6.3 510115010(11111115~-~10111 ~00111(11100, 243‬‬ ‫‪8-6.4 ~00111~0 510115010(11111115~-~10111 ~00111(11100,‬‬ ‫‪8-6.5 1111(15~-015~1(1~~111~01 ~001(01,‬‬ ‫‪246‬‬ ‫‪~011(1~~ ~001(01 01111(~~-1111(15~ 10~~(1~(5, 247‬‬ ‫‪1-1(1(111001~~~011~11005, 248‬‬ ‫‪5~(1~5 ~~500(10110~~(1~(5,‬‬ ‫‪251‬‬ ‫‪8-7‬‬ ‫‪8-8‬‬ ‫‪8-9‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪8-9.1 5~(1~5 ~~500(10110~~(1~(5‬‬ ‫‪~1111 00101(~~1100(11 5~11~11~5, 252‬‬ ‫‪8-9.2 5~(1~5 ~~500(101111~~(1~(5‬‬ ‫‪~111113101(~~1100(11 5~11~11~5, 259‬‬ ‫‪~0(~~0-~0111111111(11~0 111)1(1510( 10~~(1~(5, 264‬‬ ‫‪266‬‬ ‫‪8-10‬‬ ‫‪8-10.1 ~11,.111(1()1-~0111111111(11~010~~(1~(5, 265‬‬ ‫‪8-10.2 ~0111~1~111~111(1()1-~0111111111(11~010~~(1~(5,‬‬ ‫~~(‪~11((~01-5011‬‬ ‫‪10~~(1~(5, 273‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪8-11‬‬ ‫‪8-12‬‬ ‫‪8-13‬‬ ‫‪8-14‬‬ ‫‪~ (1(1(101~ 0~ 1.,10~ 10~~(1~(, 276‬‬ ‫‪10~~(1~( 0(~1111 0~51~0, 276‬‬ ‫‪279‬‬ ‫‪~00510~((111005,‬‬ ‫‪279‬‬ ‫‪279‬‬ ‫‪280‬‬ ‫~‪~(1~0~11‬‬ ‫‪511111111(1()1,‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~11~~5,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 011~511005,‬‬ ‫‪~(001~1115, 281‬‬ ‫‪1111(0011~11011,284‬‬ ‫‪0~ ~0~~( 511~~11~5,285‬‬ ‫‪9-2.1 5~11~11~0-~00~ 0~ 110~~( 511~~11~5,285‬‬ ‫‪9-2.2 ~~5011(11110~ ~0~~( 511~~11~5,288‬‬ ‫‪9-2.3 13101(~~11011(11‬‬ ‫‪~0~~( 511~~11~5,289‬‬ ‫‪~~ ~0~~( 511~~11~5,290‬‬ ‫‪9-3.1 5~11~11~0-~00~ ~~ 110~~( 511~~11~5,290‬‬ ‫‪9-3.2 ~~5011(101 ~~ ~0~~( 511~~11~5,291‬‬ ‫‪9-3.3 13101(~~1100(11~~ 110~~( 511~~11~5,291‬‬ ‫‪~1111151(1~~~011~~(510115, 292‬‬ ‫‪~(1~0~11~ ~011510~((1110115,293‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪9-1‬‬ ‫‪9-2‬‬ ‫‪294‬‬ ‫‪294‬‬ ‫‪9-3‬‬ ‫‪9-4‬‬ ‫‪9-5‬‬ ‫‪511111111(1()1,‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(~0~~5,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 011~5110115, 294‬‬ ‫‪11(001~1115, 295‬‬ ‫‪296‬‬ ‫‪0(1~~5, 301‬‬ ‫‪()~ ()~~~~5‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪1111(0011~1100,296‬‬ ‫‪13(151~~11(1((1~1~(1511~5‬‬ ‫‪01 0~ ~010(5, 297‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-1111(15‬‬ ‫‪0(1~~5, 300‬‬ ‫(~‪/ 10-3.1 510~1~-1111(15~1-1(111-~(1~~~00~~(1‬‬ ‫~~~~‪4‬‬ ‫‪10-1‬‬ ‫‪10-2‬‬ ‫‪10-3‬‬ ‫~‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪10-3.2 $111~1~-~1138~ $~1111~011~~(1~( 0(1~~8, 302‬‬ ‫‪10-3.3 $111~1~-~1138~ ~1.111-~011~~(1~( 0(1~~8, 303‬‬ ‫(~‪10-3.4 $111~1~-~1138~ 01.131-~00~~(1‬‬ ‫‪0(1~~8, 304‬‬ ‫‪10-4‬‬ ‫‪111(~~-~1138~ 0(1~~8, 307‬‬ ‫‪~10-4.1‬‬ ‫‪111(~~-~1138~ 1-1311-~3~~ ~011~~(1~( 0(1~~8, 308‬‬ ‫‪10-4.2 111(~~-~1138~ $~1111~011~~(1~( 0(1~~8, 308‬‬ ‫‪10-4.3 111(~~-~1138~ ~1.111-~011~~(1~( 0(1~~8, 308‬‬ ‫‪10-4.4 111(~~-~1138~ 01.131-~011~~(1~( 0(1~~8, 309‬‬ ‫‪10-5‬‬ ‫‪~110~~~( 0(1~~8, 313‬‬ ‫(~~‪10-5.1 ~(111~1~1~ 01 ~0‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 313‬‬ ‫‪10-5.2 ~(111~1~1~ 01 ~~~~11~(311~~ )3(3~~ ~0111(01, 315‬‬ ‫‪10-5.3 ~(111~1~1~ 01 ~11~081311~ )3(3~~ ~0111(01, 317‬‬ ‫~~‪10-5.4 ~(111~1~1~ 01 ~01110111~0 ~~~~11~(311~~ 3110 ~11~081311~ )3(3‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 319‬‬ ‫‪10-5.5 1~0/~01.1(-01.130(3111 ~110~~~( 0(1~~8, 319‬‬ ‫‪10-5.6 ~1.1111~1138~~110~~~(8, 321‬‬ ‫‪008~0-1.,00~ ~0111(01 01 0~ 0(1~~8, 323‬‬ ‫‪332‬‬ ‫‪0~~11-1.,00~ 1(31181~( ~1.111~11011,324‬‬ ‫~‪008~0-1.,00‬‬ ‫‪1(31181~( ~1.111~11011,328‬‬ ‫~‪~1138~-1.,0~~~0-1.,00‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 330‬‬ ‫‪~1~(0~0111~1.11~( ~0111(01 01 0~ 0(1~~8,‬‬ ‫‪333‬‬ ‫‪10-6‬‬ ‫‪10-6.1‬‬ ‫‪10-6.2‬‬ ‫‪10-6.3‬‬ ‫‪10-6.4‬‬ ‫‪$1.11111113()1,‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪~~1~(~11~~8, 333‬‬ ‫‪~~~1~~ 01.1~8110118, 334‬‬ ‫‪~(001~1118, 335‬‬ ‫‪339‬‬ ‫‪~~ ()~~~~5‬‬ ‫‪1111(001.1~11011, 339‬‬ ‫(‪11101.1~11011~010‬‬ ‫‪0(1~~8, 340‬‬ ‫‪11-2.1 ~~(10(111311~~ ~113(3~1~(1811~8, 341‬‬ ‫‪11-2.2 $1310( ~0113~~ ~0111(01, 347‬‬ ‫‪11-2.3 ~010( ~0113~~ ~0111(01, 349‬‬ ‫‪11-2.4 ~(~()1.1~11~)1 ~0111(01, 356‬‬ ‫‪11-2.5 ~0113~~ 3110 ~(~()1.1~11~)1 ~0111(01, 358‬‬ ‫‪11-2.6 ~1.1((~111 ~0111(01, 361‬‬ ‫‪11-2.7 ~0113~~, ~1.1((~111, 3110 ~(~()1.1~11~)1 ~0111(01, 364‬‬ ‫~‪11-2.8 008~0-1.,00‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01 0111101.1~11011 ~010(8,‬‬ ‫‪365‬‬ ‫(‪$)111~11(01101.18~010‬‬ ‫‪0(1~~8, 369‬‬ ‫‪11-3.1 ~)111110(1~31 ~010( ~010(8,‬‬ ‫‪370‬‬ ‫‪11-3.2 $311~111-~01~ ~010(8,‬‬ ‫‪373‬‬ ‫‪11-3.3 ~~11.1~1311~~ ~010(8,‬‬ ‫‪374‬‬ ‫‪11-3.4 ~~(111311~111-~3~11~1 ~010(8,‬‬ ‫‪375‬‬ ‫~‪11-3.5 008~0-1.,00‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01 01 $)111~11(01101.18~010(8,‬‬ ‫‪376‬‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫~~‪~ ~~,.‬‬ ‫‪11-1‬‬ ‫‪11-2‬‬ ‫‪11-3‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫~~‪= ‬‬ ‫~‪~~1~ ~0 0~ ~~15~5 ~~ ~81~-~)(~1‬‬ ‫~~~‪~~ 1~ ~00~ 18~ 10,, 1,,0~)( = ‬‬ ‫‪~0~ ~=1 ~5‬‬ ‫)~(‪~~1~ ~~~~~1,, 0~9 ~~5 = ~~~~~0‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(.‬‬ ‫‪381‬‬ ‫‪382‬‬ ‫‪384‬‬ ‫‪386‬‬ ‫‪387‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~.‬‬ ‫‪388‬‬ ‫)‪11=8(1)/5~~(2‬‬ ‫=~‪~~ 1~ ~~5 ~~,,08/11~,,~81 1,,~~~ ~~ ~,,~ 85 ~ 0~ 0~ 1080 ~~ ~,,‬‬ ‫‪5(.1~=0‬‬ ‫~~ ‪~0~ ~=1 0‬‬ ‫‪5(.1~=5(.1~+8(~).8(~)/2‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(.‬‬ ‫)~‪15=5~~(5(.1‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~ ~~5 1,,~~~ ~~ ~,,~ 85 ~ 0~ 0~ 1080 ~~ ~,,~ = 15.100‬‬ ‫‪~~=11/15‬‬ ‫‪0~=1‬‬ ‫~‪~~ 1~ 015~ 18~~,,~ ~8~~0 = 0‬‬ ‫~~ ‪~~1~ ~0~~ ~8~~0 = ‬‬ ‫‪~~0‬‬ ‫‪390‬‬ ‫‪400‬‬ ‫‪405‬‬ ‫‪410‬‬ ‫‪420‬‬ ‫‪430‬‬ ‫‪440‬‬ ‫‪450‬‬ ‫‪460‬‬ ‫‪463‬‬ ‫‪465‬‬ ‫‪470‬‬ ‫‪500‬‬ ‫‪= ~0~ 100‬‬ ‫‪ 11 100‬‬ ‫~‪~01 ~89‬‬ ‫~~~‪1,,‬‬ ‫‪~~5‬‬ ‫~‪1,, ~ 0‬‬ ‫~‪01 ~89‬‬ ‫~~~~~‪0‬‬ ‫~‪ ~~~ 89‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪~~06-3‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪~~5‬‬ ‫~‪~~~ 501~~10,, ~0 ~)(8~1‬‬ ‫‪6-4‬‬ ‫‪1~~(.1 0~~~ ~ ~~6~~ 1~ 0~6~~~5 , ~~~ 1‬‬ ‫‪~~~=~~~1.3.1415927*/180‬‬ ‫‪1,.,,~(.1 ,.,,~(.1 ~0~ ~6~ , ~5‬‬ ‫~ ‪1,.,,~(.1 ,.,,~(.1 ~~~~(.1~,.,,~~ ,‬‬ ‫~ ‪1,.,,~(.1 ~0~0 ~~51.~,.,,~~ ,‬‬ ‫~~~~ ‪1~~0 ~0~0 1~00~.‬‬ ‫~ ‪1~ /11~ ,‬‬ ‫)‪~1=4.~.,.,,(11‬‬ ‫~‪~=2.~1.‬‬ ‫‪)(~=~.~ 001‬‬ ‫~() ‪ ,‬‬ ‫~~‪~~1~ 1~~~0~,.,,~~ 0~ ~0~0 1~00~.~,.,,‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫)~‪~~=~.~()(~/‬‬ ‫‪~~1=180.~~/~1‬‬ ‫‪~~1,.,, ~0~0 ~,.,,6~~ = , ~~1‬‬ ‫‪0~~6=.25‬‬ ‫‪06=0~~6.~1/180‬‬ ‫‪8~.1=~/-/‬‬ ‫‪~=1‬‬ ‫)‪~1=(~/)(~).(~~~-8~.1‬‬ ‫)‪~2=~)(~(~1‬‬ ‫)~~‪~)(=51,.,,(~~~-‬‬ ‫()~‪~3=~2.‬‬ ‫)~~‪~4=51~(8~.1-‬‬ ‫‪,.,,=~+1‬‬ ‫‪1~ ,.,,=1000 ~~,.,, 360‬‬ ‫))‪~~=~85(~65(~3)-~85(~4‬‬ ‫‪1~ ~~(.001‬‬ ‫‪.~~,.,, 360‬‬ ‫‪8~.1=8~.1+06‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫‪20‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪40‬‬ ‫‪42‬‬ ‫‪45‬‬ ‫‪50‬‬ ‫‪55‬‬ ‫‪105‬‬ ‫‪110‬‬ ‫‪120‬‬ ‫‪130‬‬ ‫‪140‬‬ ‫‪152‬‬ ‫‪170‬‬ ‫‪180‬‬ ‫‪190‬‬ ‫‪195‬‬ ‫‪200‬‬ ‫‪210‬‬ ‫‪215‬‬ ‫‪217‬‬ ‫‪220‬‬ ‫‪222‬‬ ‫‪230‬‬ ‫‪570‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫~(~‪245 1~ ~4(0 ‬‬ ‫‪~4=0‬‬ ‫‪250 00.0 180‬‬ ‫‪360 8(.=180*8(.1/~1‬‬ ‫~‪365 ~~(~ ()(.(~0(0‬‬ ‫‪~~(3( ( = , 8(.‬‬ ‫‪380 1=0‬‬ ‫‪384 0(( =(8(.1-~( ~)/180‬‬ ‫‪390 5(.)~=0‬‬ ‫‪400 5(.)~~=0‬‬ ‫‪402 ( =( *.001‬‬ ‫‪410 ~.=~( ~+0(( *.1‬‬ ‫~‪420 =~./‬‬ ‫~‪430 )(=-.+~( ~/‬‬ ‫‪440 )(=)(*~/( ‬‬ ‫)()(~()(=‪450 )(1‬‬ ‫)~~‪460 )(2=5(~(~( ~-‬‬ ‫‪470 )(3=)(2*)(1‬‬ ‫)~~‪480 )(4=5(~(~.-‬‬ ‫‪490 )(5=)(4-)(3‬‬ ‫‪495 (~ )(5(0 ~(~ )(5=0‬‬ ‫‪500 )()(=)(5*)(5‬‬ ‫‪510 ~~=)(5‬‬ ‫()()‪540 5(.)~=5(.)~+‬‬ ‫~~‪550 5(.)~~=5(.)~~+‬‬ ‫‪555 1=.1+1‬‬ ‫‪560 1~ ~.)8(.1‬‬ ‫~(~‪.‬‬ ‫‪800‬‬ ‫‪570 (~ ~.=8(.1‬‬ ‫‪.~(~ 800‬‬ ‫‪580 00.0 410‬‬ ‫(~‪800 5(.)~=5(.)~*0(( /‬‬ ‫(~‪810 5(.)~~=5(.)~~*0(( /‬‬ ‫)‪811 5(.)~~=5(.)~~/50~(2‬‬ ‫‪820 ~1=~*~+)(( *)(( ‬‬ ‫)‪830 ~1=5~~(~1‬‬ ‫)~)‪840 (~=(~5/~1)*5~~(5(.‬‬ ‫~~)‪850 (0=(~5/~1)*5(.‬‬ ‫‪ , (0‬‬ ‫‪ , ( ~, (0‬‬ ‫=~( ‪860 ~~ (~ ‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫)‪870 )(=8(.1-~( ~+.5*5(~(2*~( ~)-.5*5(~(2*8(.1‬‬ ‫)‪880 ~0=~5*5~~()(//~1‬‬ ‫‪ ,‬‬ ‫= (‪890 ~~(~ ~~5 0,-=-0(.).~(.) ~0( ~(3‬‬ ‫~*~(*~(*‪900 ~=2‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫~(~~ ‪905 ~~ (~ 0(.).~(.),.‬‬ ‫~ ‪= ,‬‬ ‫))‪910 ~~=~/(~5*(~*5~~(2‬‬ ‫~~ ‪ ,‬‬ ‫= ~‪920 ~~1~, ~~~~ ,-=-~00‬‬ ‫‪930 (~0‬‬ ‫‪~0‬‬ ‫**********‬ ‫‪** *.-*** ~~(3-4‬‬ ‫‪~( 5‬‬ ‫~‪~~(~ ()(8~1‬‬ ‫‪6-7 ‬‬ ‫‪(~~(.), (~~(.), ( (~~ ~0( ~(3~ , ~5‬‬ ‫~ ‪ ,‬‬ ‫(~~~‪(~~(.) ( 0~0 ~(5(5.‬‬ ‫‪~(~ ~~~5( 1‬‬ ‫‪(~~(.), 0(( ~~ ~~(3( ( (~ 0((3~((5 , ~( ~1‬‬ ‫‪571‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪45‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪~0‬‬ ‫‪ ,‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫)‪70 )(=4*~.~(1.0‬‬ ‫‪80 ~~~=~~~1*)(/180‬‬ ‫‪90‬‬ ‫~‪1~=5~~(2)*~5/‬‬ ‫‪91 ~)(=)(-~~~+51~(2*~~~)/2‬‬ ‫)()‪92 ~0=~5*5~~(~)(/‬‬ ‫‪93 ~~1~ 00.~0.‬‬ ‫)‪~0~ ~()~ ~~~ ~~ (6-35‬‬ ‫‪100 ~5=360‬‬ ‫‪110 0~~=)(/~5‬‬ ‫‪120 50~=0‬‬ ‫‪122 50~=0‬‬ ‫‪124 50(=0‬‬ ‫‪130 )=0‬‬ ‫~~~=‪138 1‬‬ ‫‪139 1~ 1))(/3‬‬ ‫‪0~ 1=)(/3‬‬ ‫‪.~~~ 1=)(/3‬‬ ‫)‪140 ~=0~~*.‬‬ ‫‪150 1~=0‬‬ ‫)‪155 1(=1~*51~(~-4*)(/3‬‬ ‫‪156 1~ ~~~)2*)(/3‬‬ ‫)~~~‪~~0 ~(()(-‬‬ ‫‪.~~~ 1(=0‬‬ ‫(‪158 ~~=1~-1‬‬ ‫~~*~~‪160 50~=50~+‬‬ ‫~‪162 50~=50~+1~*1‬‬ ‫(‪164 50(=50(+1(*1‬‬ ‫‪170 )= 1+1‬‬ ‫‪180 1~ ~).1 0~ ~=.1 ~~~ 300‬‬ ‫‪200 ()0.0 140‬‬ ‫‪300 2=)(/3‬‬ ‫)‪320 ~=0~~*.‬‬ ‫)~(~‪322 1~=1~*51‬‬ ‫)‪324 1(=1~*51~(~-4*)(/3‬‬ ‫(‪330 ~~=1~-1‬‬ ‫~~*~~‪340 50~=50~+‬‬ ‫~‪342 50~=50~+1~*1‬‬ ‫(‪344 50(=50(+1(*1‬‬ ‫‪350 )= 1+1‬‬ ‫~~~‪360 1~ ~).2 0~ ~=.2 ‬‬ ‫‪400‬‬ ‫‪370 ()0.0 320‬‬ ‫‪400 3=~~~+)(/3‬‬ ‫)‪405 ~=0~~*.‬‬ ‫)~(~‪410 1~=1~*51‬‬ ‫‪411 1~ ~~~))(/3‬‬ ‫~~~‪~~0 ~(~~~ ‬‬ ‫‪1~=0‬‬ ‫‪412 ((=0‬‬ ‫(‪416 ~~=1~-1‬‬ ‫~~*~~‪420 50~=50~+‬‬ ‫~‪422 50~=50~+1~*1‬‬ ‫((*(‪424 50(=50(+1‬‬ ‫‪430 )= 1+1‬‬ ‫~~~‪440 (~ ~).3 0~ ~=.3 ‬‬ ‫‪500‬‬ ‫~~~‪450 (~ ~))( 0~ ~=)( ‬‬ ‫‪500‬‬ ‫‪460 00.0 405‬‬ ‫()=‪500 4‬‬ ‫)‪510 ~=0~~*.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪572‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪ 1= 1+1‬‬ ‫‪540‬‬ ‫‪1~ ~)14 0~ ~=14 1~~~ 600‬‬ ‫‪1~ ~)~ 0~ ~=~ 1~~~ 600‬‬ ‫‪6010 510‬‬ ‫‪~~1~1 ~ 0~ 5~~~~~5 = , 1‬‬ ‫)‪1~=50~(50~/ 1‬‬ ‫~‪ , 1‬‬ ‫= ~ ~‪~~1~1 ~~5 ~~~0~ 0~ ~~~5‬‬ ‫)‪1(=50~(50(/ 1‬‬ ‫(‬ ‫(‪ , 1‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫~‪~~1~1 ~~5 (0~~~~1 0~ ~~~5‬‬ ‫)‪1~=50~(50~/ 1‬‬ ‫~‪ , 1‬‬ ‫= ~ ‪~~ 1~1 ~~5 ~~~0~ 0~ ~ 1~~ (0~~~~1‬‬ ‫~*~‪~0=1‬‬ ‫= ~‪~~1~1 ~~5 ~~~0~~ 0~ 001~01 ~~~5~ ~0~1~6‬‬ ‫‪~=1~*1~*~*3‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~ 1~1 001~01 ~0~~~ ‬‬ ‫~‪~~=3*~5*1‬‬ ‫~~ ‪ ,‬‬ ‫= ~~~‪~~ 1~1 ~0~1-‬‬ ‫~~‪~~=~/‬‬ ‫~~ ‪ ,‬‬ ‫= ~‪~~1~1 ~~~~ ~~(10‬‬ ‫‪~~0‬‬ ‫‪550‬‬ ‫‪560‬‬ ‫‪570‬‬ ‫‪600‬‬ ‫‪620‬‬ ‫‪625‬‬ ‫‪630‬‬ ‫‪635‬‬ ‫‪640‬‬ ‫‪645‬‬ ‫‪648‬‬ ‫‪649‬‬ ‫‪650‬‬ ‫‪660‬‬ ‫‪670‬‬ ‫‪680‬‬ ‫‪690‬‬ ‫‪700‬‬ ‫‪900‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫)~(~‪1~=1~*51‬‬ ‫)‪1(=1~*51~(~-4*~/3‬‬ ‫(‪~~=1~-1‬‬ ‫~~*~~‪50~=50~+‬‬ ‫~‪50~=50~+1~*1‬‬ ‫(‪50(=50(+1(*1‬‬ ‫‪512‬‬ ‫‪514‬‬ ‫‪520‬‬ ‫‪530‬‬ ‫‪532‬‬ ‫‪534‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪~0‬‬ ‫‪ ,‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪573‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫**********‬ ‫‪********* ~~06-5‬‬ ‫‪5 (~5‬‬ ‫‪10 ~~~ ~~6-5 ‬‬ ‫‪30 01~ ~~~~~(20),‬‬ ‫‪~~~~0(20),‬‬ ‫‪8~(100),‬‬ ‫‪~~(100),‬‬ ‫)‪~(100‬‬ ‫~‪40 ~~~ 0~1~0~~ ~~~ ~~6~~ (~~(0~~110‬‬ ‫‪1 ‬‬ ‫‪50 ~~1~1 ~0 0~ ()~1585 ()8 081~ ~~~18‬‬ ‫~~ ‪60 1~~01‬‬ ‫‪1 ‬‬ ‫‪70 ~~ 1~1 ~00~ 18~ 100 10(8)( 1855 ~080 1‬‬ ‫~~~ ‪80 1~~01‬‬ ‫‪,1- 800 ~0 ~0 ,2‬‬‫‪82 ~~1~1 ~15~ 0~ ~0~ 18 ~08~~1~180~51‬‬ ‫‪~0 ~~5‬‬ ‫(~ ‪83 1~~01‬‬ ‫‪100,.‬‬ ‫‪84 ~~ 1~1 ~ 19085~ 0851 80 08 /0001 ~ ~()(111)0080~ 1855 ~080‬‬ ‫~~ ‪85 1~~01‬‬ ‫‪87 (~5‬‬ ‫)‪90 ~1=41 *~1~(11‬‬ ‫‪97 ~~1~1 1987 (0()~ 190~ 0~ ~.~ ~85010 ‬‬ ‫‪98 ~~1~1 ~19 8-11 10 ,8 ~8 ~1~0 ~01~0 01 ~~~ ‬‬ ‫~~~*)~~‪100 0~~1~=(~1/‬‬ ‫‪105 0~~1~0=0~~1~*180/~1‬‬ ‫‪110 (~~1~=(~1/~~)/2‬‬ ‫‪120 ~~~~~(1)=(~~1~-0~~1~/2‬‬ ‫‪130 ~~~~0(1)=~~~~~(1)*180/~1‬‬ ‫~~ ‪170 ~0~ ~=2 10‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫)‪180 ~~~~~(~)=~~~~~(1)+(~1/~~)*(~-1‬‬ ‫(~‪190 ~~~~0(~)=~~~~~(~)*180/‬‬ ‫~ ‪210 ~~)(1‬‬ ‫‪220 ~5=1‬‬ ‫~~ ‪225 ~0~ ~=1 10‬‬ ‫‪230 ~=0‬‬ ‫‪234 8=0‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(1‬‬ ‫(‪~~ 1~, ~0 0‬‬ ‫‪275‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫~~ ‪~0~ ~=1 10‬‬ ‫~‪~=51~(~*(~~~~~(~)+0~~1~/2))+‬‬ ‫‪8=~05(~*(~~~~~(~)+0~~1~/2))+8‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(1‬‬ ‫~*))‪~~(~)=((4*~5/(~*~1))*51~(~*0~~1~/2‬‬ ‫‪8~(~)=((4*~5/(~*~1))*51~(~*0~~1~/2))*8‬‬ ‫)‪~(~)=5~~(~~(~)*~~(~)+8~(~)*8~(~))/5~~(2‬‬ ‫‪1~ ~~=1 1~~~ ~~1~1 ~~~(~~~) ~ ~~~(~),‬‬ ‫‪240‬‬ ‫‪250‬‬ ‫‪253‬‬ ‫‪260‬‬ ‫‪265‬‬ ‫‪270‬‬ ‫‪272‬‬ ‫‪273‬‬ ‫‪= ~8~(~),‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫)~(~~ =‬ ‫)~~~(~~‬ ‫)~~~(~‪~8‬‬ ‫~~‪~~ 1585 ~8~ ~81 (-~~~ 18 = ‬‬ ‫~‪~~ 1~, ~0‬‬ ‫~‪181=10(1 1(108)( = ~/1‬‬ ‫‪ 0~~,.~0‬‬ ‫‪~~1~, ~~158 ,10~~ 1(1 089~885‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫~~ ‪~0~ ~=1 ,.0‬‬ ‫)~(‪ ~~~~0‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪~ (1 ) * 100‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫‪1(1~~1= ,01‬‬ ‫‪~898‬‬ ‫(‪0‬‬ ‫~‬ ‫‪1(1‬‬ ‫‪ ,01 ~898‬‬ ‫‪ ()( ~ 1(1089~885‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫=‪0~~~~1‬‬ ‫‪~ ~(108~8(11=81‬‬ ‫‪~/15‬‬ ‫‪383‬‬ ‫‪384‬‬ ‫‪~~1~,.‬‬ ‫‪~~)(,.‬‬ ‫‪387‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~,.‬‬ ‫‪388‬‬ ‫‪/1‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪381‬‬ ‫‪382‬‬ ‫‪386‬‬ ‫)‪390 ~)(=~5*5~~(~~*0~~,.~0/180‬‬ ‫*()~ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪100‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪ ,01~898‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫=‪1(1~~1‬‬ ‫(‪~ 0‬‬ ‫‪~~1~,.‬‬ ‫‪ ~/15 0~1=~~~ ,01~898 85‬‬ ‫)‪~~=(5~~(~)(*~)(-~(1)*~(1)))/~(1‬‬ ‫‪400‬‬ ‫‪410‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪~~*100‬‬ ‫~‬ ‫=‬ ‫~‬ ‫~‪(8~~0‬‬ ‫‪1(1‬‬ ‫~‪ ~8~00(11‬‬ ‫‪~~1~,.‬‬ ‫‪420‬‬ ‫‪50/1=0‬‬ ‫‪425‬‬ ‫‪430‬‬ ‫‪~=2 ,.0 ~/1‬‬ ‫‪50/1=50/1+(~(~)/(~~2))~2‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(,.‬‬ ‫‪450‬‬ ‫)‪0~=5~~(50~)/~(1‬‬ ‫‪460‬‬ ‫‪~~1~,.‬‬ ‫‪465‬‬ ‫~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪0~*100‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫~‬ ‫‪1(1‬‬ ‫~‪ 0151=0~1=10(1 (8~~0‬‬ ‫‪440‬‬ ‫‪500 ~~0‬‬ ‫**********‬ ‫‪~~6-6‬‬ ‫*********‬ ‫‪5 ~~5‬‬ ‫‪10 ~~~ ~~6-6.,‬‬ ‫)‪30 01/1 ~(25).~(100).~(90),)((90),~~~~(25),~~~~0(25).~~(50).8~(50‬‬ ‫~‪40 ~~/1 5~~~ ~~6~~ ~~~~0~~,.10‬‬ ‫‪1 ‬‬ ‫‪50 ~~1~, ~0.0( ~~1585 ~8~ ~81( ~~~18‬‬ ‫~~ ‪60 1~~0,.‬‬ ‫‪1=~8(1 1 ‬‬ ‫‪,.‬‬ ‫‪,20‬‬ ‫‪~0‬‬ ‫~‪8(10 (0‬‬ ‫‪100 ‬‬ ‫‪,10‬‬ ‫‪1=~8(1‬‬ ‫‪~~5‬‬ ‫‪1855‬‬ ‫~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪ /100~18~ 10(1 1(108)( 1855‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~1‬‬ ‫‪70‬‬ ‫~‪~/1‬‬ ‫‪1~~0,.‬‬ ‫‪80‬‬ ‫~‪ ~15‬‬ ‫~~‬ ‫‪~~1~,.‬‬ ‫‪1~~0,.‬‬ ‫‪82‬‬ ‫‪83‬‬ ‫=‪.,~ 19~851‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~,.‬‬ ‫‪84‬‬ ‫‪~/1‬‬ ‫‪1~~0,.‬‬ ‫‪85‬‬ ‫‪~08((1~18(11=51‬‬ ‫~‪~0~~18‬‬ ‫‪~8~00(1‬‬ ‫‪085‬‬ ‫=‪~001~(18(11‬‬ ‫~‪1‬‬ ‫‪1 ~80‬‬ ‫(‪0‬‬ ‫‪87 ~~5‬‬ ‫)‪(11‬‬ ‫~‪~,.‬‬ ‫‪41‬‬ ‫*‬ ‫‪574‬‬ ‫=‪~ 1‬‬ ‫‪90‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪~85~ 10 ‬‬ ‫‪5~~~ ‬‬ ‫‪0)( ~ ~.‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫)~(~‪= ‬‬ ‫‪* 100‬‬ ‫) ‪ ~( 1‬‬ ‫‪575‬‬ ‫)‪ ~( ~ ‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪01 ~898‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫~~‪91 ~~ 1~1 1981 ~0~)( 19‬‬ ‫~~‪98 ~~1~1 ~19 8-13 10 ~8 ~1‬‬ ‫~~*‪100 ~5=2‬‬ ‫‪105 10~=.0001‬‬ ‫‪110 ~0~ ~=1 10 ~5‬‬ ‫)‪115 5~(~)=((-1)~~)*((~5+2)/~1‬‬ ‫‪120 ~~)(1 /1‬‬ ‫‪121 ~0~ ~=1 10 ~5 51~~ 2‬‬ ‫‪122 ~(~)=/1+1‬‬ ‫~ ‪124 ~~)(1‬‬ ‫‪125 ~0~ /1=2 10 ~5 51~~ 2‬‬ ‫‪130 ~(~)=-/1‬‬ ‫~ ‪135 ~~)(1‬‬ ‫~‪140 ~(1 )=~/1‬‬ ‫‪145 )((1)=~1/2‬‬ ‫‪150 ~0~ /1=1 10 ~5‬‬ ‫‪155 ~0~ 1=1 10 90‬‬ ‫‪160 ~=1+1‬‬ ‫)‪165 )((~)=(~(1)-~(/1))/5~(/1‬‬ ‫))~(()(~‪110 ~(~)=~~~*51‬‬ ‫))‪115 )()(=~85()((~)-)((~-1‬‬ ‫‪180 1~ )()((10~ 1~~~ 6010 190‬‬ ‫‪185 ~~)(1 1‬‬ ‫)‪190 ~~~~(/1)=)((1‬‬ ‫‪195 ~~)(1 /1‬‬ ‫‪200 ~0~ /1=1 10 ~5‬‬ ‫‪202 ~~~~0(/1)=~~~~(/1)*180/~1‬‬ ‫‪206 ~~)(1 /1‬‬ ‫‪220 ~5=1‬‬ ‫‪225 ~0~ ~=1 10 ~/1‬‬ ‫‪230 ~=0‬‬ ‫‪234 8=0‬‬ ‫‪240 ~0~ /1=1 10 ~5 51~~ 2‬‬ ‫~‪250 ~=~05(~*~~~~(/1))-~05(~*~~~~(/1+1))+‬‬ ‫‪253 8=51~(~*~~~~(/1+1))-51~(~*~~~~(/1))+8‬‬ ‫‪260 ~~)(1 /1‬‬ ‫~*))‪265 ~~(~)=((2*~5)/(~*~1‬‬ ‫‪210 8~(~)=((2*~5)/(~*~1))*8‬‬ ‫)‪212 ~(~)=50~(~~(~)*~~(~)+8~(~)*8~(~))/50~(2‬‬ ‫‪= 8~(~),‬‬ ‫)‪ 8~( ~ ‬‬ ‫‪= ~~(~),‬‬ ‫)‪213 1~ ~~=1 1~~~ ~~1~1 ~~( ~ ‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(1‬‬ ‫~~‪ ‬‬ ‫= ‪~~ 1~1 ~0 0~ ~- 1585 ~8 ~81 ~-~)(~ 18‬‬ ‫~‪ ~/1‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫= ()‪~~ 1~1 /100- 18~ 100 10(8‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~1 ~- 158 ~ 10~~ 10 089 885‬‬ ‫‪~0~ /1=1 10 ~5‬‬ ‫)‪~~1~1 0( /1 10 089 885 = ~~~~0(/1‬‬ ‫‪~~)(1 /1‬‬ ‫~‪~~ 1~1 ~- 0080180~81 ~/15 0- ~~- ~ 01 ~898 10 ~ 0~ 0~ 10~- ‬‬ ‫‪~)(=0‬‬ ‫‪~5=1‬‬ ‫‪~0~ /1=1 10 ~5 51~~ 2‬‬ ‫‪215‬‬ ‫‪381‬‬ ‫‪382‬‬ ‫‪383‬‬ ‫‪384‬‬ ‫‪386‬‬ ‫‪381‬‬ ‫‪388‬‬ ‫‪389‬‬ ‫‪390‬‬ ‫‪391‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪= 11 ~)(.100‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫~~‪~~=~~~~(~+1)-~~~~(~)+‬‬ ‫‪~~~, (1‬‬ ‫)‪~~=~5*5~~(~~/~1‬‬ ‫~‪,,~1~, ~(15 00~~0~ 01~898 85 ~ 0~ 0~ 10~0~ 01~89‬‬ ‫)‪~~=(5~~(~~*~~-~(1)*~(1)))/~(1‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~, .1~8 010,,1~ ~8~~0 1,, ~ = ‬‬ ‫‪~~* 100‬‬ ‫‪50(1=0‬‬ ‫‪~0~ ~=2 ,.0 ~(1‬‬ ‫‪50(1=50~+(~(~)/(~~2))~2‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~~,.‬‬ ‫)‪0~=5~~(50~)/~(1‬‬ ‫‪~~/~, 015~0, ~10,, 1=8~~0, 1,-, ~ = ‬‬ ‫‪0~*100‬‬ ‫‪~~0‬‬ ‫‪392‬‬ ‫‪394‬‬ ‫‪396‬‬ ‫‪400‬‬ ‫‪408‬‬ ‫‪420‬‬ ‫‪425‬‬ ‫‪430‬‬ ‫‪440‬‬ ‫‪450‬‬ ‫‪460‬‬ ‫‪465‬‬ ‫‪500‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪********* ~~06-7‬‬ ‫**********‬ ‫‪5 ~~5‬‬ ‫‪10 ~~~ ~~06-7 ‬‬ ‫)‪30 01~ 5~(25),~(25),~(100),~(90),~(90),~~~~(25),~~~~0(25),~~(50),8~(50‬‬ ‫~‪40 ~~~ 5~~~ ~~6~~ ~~~~0~~,.10‬‬ ‫‪50 ~~ 1~, ~0 01= ~ 15~5 1,-, ~~~ 1=1, 5~ 60 0~9, ~~5 ‬‬ ‫~‪60 /~~0, ,.,,‬‬ ‫‪70 ~~1~, ~00 18~10,, 1,,0~)( 1~55 ~~8,-, 1 ‬‬ ‫~~~ ‪80 1~~0,.‬‬ ‫‪82 ~~1~, ~15~ 01= ~0 , 1~, ~0~1=~1~1~,,~51 ~0, ~~5 ,1- 8,-,01=0, ~0 ,2‬‬‫~~ ‪83 1~~0,.‬‬ ‫‪84 ~~ 1,.,,, ~ 19~~5~ 0~51 , ~0 ~8, 00,, 1~ ~0/11~0,,~,,~ 1~55 ~~8,, 100 ‬‬ ‫~‪85 1~~0, ,.,,‬‬ ‫‪87 ~~5‬‬ ‫)‪90 ~1=41*~,.~(11‬‬ ‫‪97 ~~ 1,.,,, 1987 ~0~)/ 19~~ 0)/ ~ ~ ~85~ 10 ‬‬ ‫‪98 ~~1~, ~19 8-15 1,-, ~, ~~, ~1~~ 0001~1~0 5~~~ ‬‬ ‫~~*‪100 ~5=2‬‬ ‫‪105 ,.0~=.0001‬‬ ‫‪110 ~0~ ~=1 ,.0 ,.,,5‬‬ ‫)‪115 5~(~)=((-1)~~)*(3*(~5+1)/~1‬‬ ‫~ ‪120 ~~~,.‬‬ ‫‪121 ~0~ ~=1 ,.0 ~5 5,.~~ 2‬‬ ‫‪122 ~(~)=~+1‬‬ ‫‪124 ~~~, (1‬‬ ‫‪125 ~0~ ~=2 ,.0 ~5 5,.~~ 2‬‬ ‫~‪130 ~(~)=-‬‬ ‫~ ‪, 135 ~~~,.‬‬ ‫‪136 ~~,.=2*,.,,5+2‬‬ ‫‪~~,.=,.,,~,./2‬‬ ‫~~~=)‪~(1‬‬ ‫‪~(1)=~1/2‬‬ ‫‪~0~ ~=1 ,.0 ~5‬‬ ‫‪~0~ 1=1 ,.0 90‬‬ ‫‪=1+1‬‬ ‫)~(~‪(~)=(~(1)-~(~))/5‬‬ ‫))~(~(‪~(~)=~(1~*51,.,,‬‬ ‫‪576‬‬ ‫‪38‬‬ ‫‪1 0‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫‪155‬‬ ‫‪160‬‬ ‫‪165‬‬ ‫‪170‬‬ ‫‪.,‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪184‬‬ ‫))‪~~=~85(~(~)-~(~-1‬‬ ‫‪1~ ~~(.0~ ~~~ 80.0‬‬ ‫‪~~~ 1‬‬ ‫)‪~~~~01)=~(1‬‬ ‫‪175‬‬ ‫‪180‬‬ ‫‪182‬‬ ‫‪184‬‬ ‫‪~~~.‬‬ ‫‪186‬‬ ‫‪~~~~(~5+1)=~1/3‬‬ ‫‪~~~~(~5+2)=2*~1/3‬‬ ‫‪~~5=~5+1‬‬ ‫‪~0~ =~~5.0 ~~.‬‬ ‫‪188‬‬ ‫‪190‬‬ ‫‪192‬‬ ‫‪194‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫~~=‪195 1‬‬ ‫‪+1‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫)‪~~~~( )=~1-~~_~~(.1‬‬ ‫‪196‬‬ ‫‪~~~.‬‬ ‫‪198‬‬ ‫‪~0~ =1 ~~.‬‬ ‫‪~~~~0( )=~~~~( )*180/~1‬‬ ‫‪200‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪~~~.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪202‬‬ ‫‪206‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪220 ~5=1‬‬ ‫‪~ ‬‬ ‫‪.0‬‬ ‫~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪~=1‬‬ ‫‪225‬‬ ‫‪230 ~=0‬‬ ‫‪234 6=0‬‬ ‫‪240 ~0~ =1.0 ~~ 5.~~ 2‬‬ ‫~‪250 ~=(05(~*~~~~( ))-(05(~*~~~~( +1))+‬‬ ‫‪253 8=51~(~*~~~~( +1))-51~(~*~~~~( ))+8‬‬ ‫)~(~~‬ ‫= )~~~(~~ ‪~8~(~),‬‬ ‫~*))‪~~(~)=((2*~5)/(~*~1‬‬ ‫‪8~(~)=((2*~5)/(~*~1))*8‬‬ ‫)‪~(~)=50~(~~(~)*~~(~)+8~(~)*8~(~))/50~(2‬‬ ‫)~~~(~‪~~~(~), ~8‬‬ ‫= )~~~(~~~ ‪1~ ~(=1 ~~~ ~~1~.‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~~.‬‬ ‫‪ ~~.‬‬ ‫~‪~~1~ ~0.0~ ~~15~5 ~~~ ~81~-~~~1‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪265‬‬ ‫‪270‬‬ ‫‪272‬‬ ‫‪273‬‬ ‫‪275‬‬ ‫‪381‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~.‬‬ ‫‪382‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~.‬‬ ‫‪384‬‬ ‫~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪385‬‬ ‫‪~~1~.‬‬ ‫‪386‬‬ ‫()~‪(10‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪1 (1 0~9~~~5‬‬ ‫~‪~ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫)‪~~~~~0( ‬‬ ‫‪ ~ ( ) *100‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫~‪ 01~89‬‬ ‫‪~~*100‬‬ ‫~~~‪1 (1‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪~~~.‬‬ ‫‪260‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫~‪1 (1 0‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪00~ 18~ 10(1‬‬ ‫~~‪ ~(191 ~5 8‬‬ ‫‪ =1 ~~.‬‬ ‫‪~~~ ~1(1 0~9~~~5‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫~‪ 01~89‬‬ ‫‪~~~.‬‬ ‫‪387‬‬ ‫‪~~ 1~.‬‬ ‫‪388‬‬ ‫‪~~=0‬‬ ‫‪~5=1‬‬ ‫‪~0~ =1.0 ~~ 5.~~ 2‬‬ ‫~~‪~~=~~~~( +1)-~~~~( )+‬‬ ‫‪389‬‬ ‫‪390‬‬ ‫‪391‬‬ ‫‪392‬‬ ‫‪~~~, .‬‬ ‫‪394‬‬ ‫~~~~~‪~ 0‬‬ ‫‪ ~~(10801~(1~81‬‬ ‫)‪396 ~~=~5*50~(~~/~1‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫~‪ 01~89‬‬ ‫~~~‪1 (1‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫~‪1 0‬‬ ‫‪~~*100‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪85‬‬ ‫~‪ 01~89‬‬ ‫~~~~~‪1~, ~ 0‬‬ ‫~~‬ ‫)‪408 ~~=(50~(~~*~~-~(1)*~(1)))/~(1‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪1.‬‬ ‫‪1(1‬‬ ‫~‪~~1~, ~8~010(11~ ~8~~0‬‬ ‫‪420‬‬ ‫‪5(.) =0‬‬ ‫‪425‬‬ ‫‪~0~ ~=2 ~ ‬‬ ‫‪5(.) =5(.) +(~(~)/(~~2))~2‬‬ ‫‪430‬‬ ‫~ ‪~~)(.‬‬ ‫‪0~*100‬‬ ‫‪577‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪400‬‬ ‫‪1.‬‬ ‫‪(1‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫~‪~8~~0‬‬ ‫‪440‬‬ ‫‪450‬‬ ‫)‪0~=50~(5(.) )/~(1‬‬ ‫‪460‬‬ ‫~~‬ ‫‪465‬‬ ‫‪~, 0‬‬ ‫‪500‬‬ ‫‪10(1‬‬ ‫‪1, , ‬‬ ‫~~‪ 5~0‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫~~)‪~~~ ~0~/(= 10011 ~1‬‬ ‫‪81001008.0,~ .6., 1-/0~.‬‬ ‫‪80 50118, 111~., 1964.‬‬ ‫‪0 1-1010., 11,./11~/()/~5 /111/~,.(~,.0,.~~/(5.‬‬ ‫‪01‬‬ ‫‪818.0, ~.,‬‬ ‫‪1-/0 1( 1(11-/(), 411 /11(,.00~~(/011 (0 110~~, ~/~~(,.011/~5 ~01~0~81~~, ~~81‬‬ ‫‪51188~)(, 611~)3110=10011 ~1)~~ 80 50118 1,10., 1983.‬‬ ‫‪8 1, 110~~, ~/~~(,.011/~5 81103))~81= ,6./(30~111131‬‬ ‫‪111~.,‬‬ ‫‪~~81011, ~3.= ~~81011 ~110)180111~~0.,‬‬ ‫~ ‪1-/0 5.‬‬ ‫‪/(1, ~., 1( 0‬‬ ‫‪1(1300, 1980.‬‬ ‫‪1-/52/(~, 1.1~51.5,‬‬ ‫‪110~~, ~/~~(,.011/~5 ~ ~011(,.0/.‬‬ ‫‪~5‬‬ ‫‪0‬‬ ‫‪, ~.,‬‬ ‫‪1985.‬‬ ‫‪51~,,,~113~~,‬‬ ‫‪1-1~~18, 611~)3110= 11181111111011‬‬ ‫‪(1110 7/1)1,./5(0, 0,.~~/(5.‬‬ ‫~‪110~~, 1)/00‬‬ ‫‪.611~111~~~8, 1979.‬‬ ‫‪10011‬‬ ‫=(‪~0~/‬‬ ‫‪0,.~~/(5.‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫‪5~/11/~0110~~(0,.‬‬ ‫‪1-/0 ,6 5.~0()1-/101-/,‬‬ ‫‪110~~,.‬‬ ‫‪~18, ~ ~.,‬‬ ‫)‪01.6)~~1~1~3‬‬ ‫‪1-/, 8.,‬‬ ‫‪80 50118, 111~., 1984.‬‬ ‫‪0()1-/101-/, 110~~, 5~/11/~0110~~(0,.1),./1/~5.‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫‪1-/0,6 ‬‬ ‫‪5.8‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪5/ 10~01-/,‬‬ ‫‪80 50118, 111~., 1975.‬‬ ‫‪.611~)~~000‬‬ ‫‪00/ 0101-/,‬‬ ‫‪8.‬‬ ‫‪1-/0~.‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪101-/ 1-/, 0.‬‬ ‫‪08‬‬ ‫‪/.1(111~(1/ 6(/1 ~(/.‬‬ ‫‪0.‬‬ ‫~‪~110)180111‬‬ ‫‪1986.‬‬ ‫‪~~8(011‬‬ ‫‪~3.‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪5))~111~~~- ~~~)3~,‬‬ ‫‪~~11100)0‬‬ ‫‪~~81011,‬‬ ‫‪5((1(~ 1)~1//~~5.‬‬ ‫‪~/(/1 50//0‬‬ ‫=(‪~0~/‬‬ ‫=‪~.1.‬‬ ‫‪1 ~.,‬‬ ‫‪01118,‬‬ ‫‪00 / 1108,‬‬ ‫‪111~., 1985.‬‬ ‫=()~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪~0~)(= ~311 ~081~3110‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫‪~/~~(,.011/~5.‬‬ ‫‪1-/1-/, 1(., 8(15/~ 11,./11~/()/~5 01110~~,.‬‬ ‫‪5((1(~ 110~~, 5~()()//~5.‬‬ ‫‪1)~5/811 0150//0‬‬ ‫~‪010‬‬ ‫~‪0~11~,.(1/ ~/~~(,./‬‬ ‫‪~~~1111~~-1-13)), 111~., 1982.‬‬ ‫‪~011(,.0/‬‬ ‫~~)‪~1‬‬ ‫~~)‪10011 ~1‬‬ ‫‪110~~,.‬‬ ‫~‪010‬‬ ‫‪1-/, 8.,‬‬ ‫~~‪5‬‬ ‫‪0‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪10/(,.6.‬‬ ‫‪~0.,‬‬ ‫~‪1-1100‬‬ ‫‪1-11-/‬‬ ‫‪~0111))311~, 111~., 1981.‬‬ ‫‪578‬‬ ‫‪~0(-‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪8~~1111(10,‬‬ ‫‪1/(1110000/(.‬‬ ‫(~‪~(111~~ 1111~(11(111011(11 ~~~11~1‬‬ ‫‪ 41111//~(1(/0115‬‬ ‫‪0.,‬‬ ‫‪5~8.‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪1974.‬‬ ‫‪~0111-‬‬ ‫‪~(111 ~081((111(1‬‬ ‫‪~~1110.01(1‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,011/~5.‬‬ ‫~‬ ‫‪80118, 111~.,‬‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫~~‪100.11 ~11‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,011/~5.‬‬ ‫‪~0((111011,‬‬ ‫‪0.,‬‬ ‫‪5~111/~0110~~(0,‬‬ ‫‪1986.‬‬ ‫‪70‬‬ ‫‪1-10~ ,‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪111~.,‬‬ ‫~‪,.,,., /3(15/~ 0~/0‬‬ ‫‪1-10~ ,‬‬ ‫‪~(111~,‬‬ ‫‪1(1-088,‬‬ ‫‪1984.‬‬ ‫‪~(~88,‬‬ ‫‪1969.‬‬ ‫~‪~(11110(1(1~~, ~(188.‬‬ ‫‪10.~ ~11‬‬ ‫~‪811~1(111(1~~~0((1~-1-11111300‬‬ ‫‪/),/11~5.‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪1985.‬‬ ‫‪811~1~-‬‬ ‫‪8~(111~~(-~~(1(1~,‬‬ ‫‪~(1~11/11~1)1.‬‬ ‫‪~0(0,‬‬ ‫‪~(11(1~110.~(1(1, 13~(~80.1(~,‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫~)‪5((1(~ /‬‬ ‫‪1(1.181(0, ,.,,., 50//0‬‬ ‫‪1.~1-/1)10~, ~ ~., /10~~, ~/~~(,011/~5.‬‬ ‫‪1.1(1., 1981.‬‬ ‫)‪~0111~(111~ (0.1(.‬‬ ‫‪0/ ~/~~(,/~(1/‬‬ ‫‪/),/11~5.‬‬ ‫‪~011(,0/‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪1.11-/1)8~~, ~., ~1-/1)~.‬‬ ‫‪1-1 ~~8811),‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,0111~~11(111/~5 (1110 ~/~~(,/~(1/‬‬ ‫‪~00(1 01~~8, ~ ~ ~(~1111~~-1-1(111, 111~., 1986.‬‬ ‫~‪0111 ~ ~(111(1(11(1110~11~((11 81~~1(1‬‬ ‫‪~01111~,(~, 1/(1110000/(.‬‬ ‫‪~~1~(00(011~0.,‬‬ ‫~~‪81188~)(, 811~1(111(1~100.11 ~11‬‬ ‫‪~(11110(1(1~~, ~(188 ~ 10.~ ~11‬‬ ‫‪~0.1~0.~81~(,‬‬ ‫‪~~81‬‬ ‫‪~)1~/0~01111~,(~,5.‬‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪711)1,/5(0,‬‬ ‫‪~011(,0/.‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~(‪~ 0‬‬ ‫‪1.011(1011~ ~(1~-‬‬ ‫‪~01111~,(0,5‬‬ ‫‪(1110 711~/, 41111//~(1(/0115.‬‬ ‫‪~ ~.,‬‬ ‫‪~~~1.1~~~,‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪~(~88, 1972.‬‬ ‫‪0.,‬‬ ‫‪,.,,.,‬‬ ‫‪111~., 1980.‬‬ ‫‪~~21)~,‬‬ ‫‪1,1(1., 1973.‬‬ ‫‪711~ 711~01)1 (1110 /)~5/811 0/‬‬ ‫‪711)1,/5(0, ~011(,0/ 0/ 4~ ~0(0,5.‬‬ ‫‪0)(~0((1~ ~~(~(1111011 ~(~88 1,1(1., 1973.‬‬ ‫‪5((1(~ ~0(0,‬‬ ‫‪~011(,0/.‬‬ ‫‪~~81011, ~(1 ~ ~~81011‬‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,011/~5-50//0‬‬ ‫‪(1110 ~)1~/0~01111~,(~,5.‬‬ ‫‪1, ~10, ~ ~.,‬‬ ‫‪~0111~(111~ 1.1(1., 1976.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪~ 80118‬‬ ‫‪1.1001-/~~1),‬‬ ‫‪~1.1~ 8~,‬‬ ‫‪1 ~.‬‬ ‫‪~10~~~~1-/,‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪~1101180.111~ ~0.,‬‬ ‫‪~101-1-~, 13 ~., 711)1,/5(0, /111(15~ ~011(,0//~0‬‬ ‫‪100.11 ~11~~ ~ 80118, 111~., 1971.‬‬ ‫‪ 411 111(,00~~(/011‬‬ ‫‪(0 711)1,/5(0,5‬‬ ‫‪~~~~~00~ ~,‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪111111(111‬‬ ‫‪~1101180.~(8 1.1(1., 1978.‬‬ ‫~‪~/~~(,/‬‬ ‫‪~0(0,5.‬‬ ‫‪/0,‬‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,011/~5-711)1,/5(0,‬‬ ‫‪~011(,0//~0‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪8., /10~~,‬‬ ‫~‪~~~88‬‬ ‫‪~,‬‬ ‫‪1,011(1011~ ~0.(1~111(111~ 1-1(1111.1(1., 1982.‬‬ ‫‪~0(~0((1-‬‬ ‫~‪81~~1(1‬‬ ‫~‪~1118011(~0., ~(1 ~ ~~81111~0.0118‬‬ ‫‪/)~5/811~,5‬‬ ‫‪1/(1110000/(.‬‬ ‫‪~1~10, 1, ~.‬‬ ‫‪5~8.‬‬ ‫‪11011, 1970.‬‬ ‫‪1970.‬‬ ‫‪~ 0/ 1, 1.011(1011~ ~1111(1((11,1(1.,‬‬ ‫‪~ 80118, 111~., 1981.‬‬ ‫‪80118,‬‬ ‫~‬ ‫~~‪100.11 ~11‬‬ ‫~~(‪~ 0‬‬ ‫‪(15/118 711)1,/5(0,5,‬‬ ‫~~‪100.11 ~11‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫‪(1110 /)~5/811.‬‬ ‫‪~118/11~~,/118‬‬ ‫‪/),/11~5.‬‬ ‫~)‪/‬‬ ‫‪0,~~/(5-711~0,)1‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪1 /10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~0810,‬‬ ‫‪711)1,/5(0,‬‬ ‫‪8101-/, ~ ~.,‬‬ ‫‪1.,‬‬ ‫‪80-1~10~10~,‬‬ ‫‪8.~~(///~,‬‬ ‫‪111~., 1965.‬‬ ‫‪0,~~/(5.‬‬ ‫‪~01111~,(~,‬‬ ‫~)‪/)~-(0-/‬‬ ‫‪5~/(~1111100~ /10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~00~,11‬‬ ‫‪810~10~1-/8, ~ ~., ~1-/1) 0.‬‬ ‫‪131-00~.,‬‬ ‫‪~(111 ~081((111(1 ~~1110.01(1 ~0111~(111~, 111~., 1985.‬‬ ‫~‪811‬‬‫~~~‬ ‫‪~(1~111~0.(1111, 13~(~80.1(~,‬‬ ‫‪(1110 41111//~(1(/0115.‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,011/~5.‬‬ ‫‪8 10~101-/, ~ 8., ~/~~(,/~(1/ ~(1~11/11~5 (1110 /10~~,‬‬ ‫‪1(111(1~~(111 ~081((111(1 ~~1110.01(11,1(1.,‬‬ ‫‪1983.‬‬ ‫‪711)1,/5(0,5-711~0,)1‬‬ ‫‪~1-/1) 1( 1( 81.1~~1-/1)81.‬‬ ‫‪1984.‬‬ ‫‪111(11(111(1~0118,111(1.~ 1-10~(1((1‬‬ ‫‪~ 80118, 111~., 1962.‬‬ ‫‪~ 0(~~ 1-1(1181~(1‬‬ ‫‪~01111~,5/011.‬‬ ‫~~‪100.11 ~11‬‬ ‫~~~ ‪(1110 41111//~(1(/0115,‬‬ ‫‪~(111 ~081((111(1 ~~1110.01(1 ~0111~(111~,‬‬ ‫‪1(.,‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪81.1~~1-/1)81,‬‬ ‫‪1-1(1181~(1~(~88,‬‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫‪,,0~~,‬‬ ‫~(‪1 ~~ 10~, ~ 8., /1,/11(/11/~5 0/ 50//0-5((1‬‬ ‫‪~.‬‬ ‫‪8(11118 ~ ~0111~(111~, ~1101180.~(8 111~., 1985.‬‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫‪/)~11/~~5, /),/11~,5‬‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫~~(‪~0‬‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫~~~‬ ‫‪~01111~,(~,5.‬‬ ‫‪~/~~(,011/~5,‬‬ ‫‪~01111~,(~,5.‬‬ ‫‪5((1(/~ /10~~,‬‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪/10~~,‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪~101-1-8,‬‬ ‫‪~11-1-1~~813.‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪~(~88, 1987.‬‬ ‫‪5~/(~11/118‬‬ ‫‪~.,‬‬ ‫‪~001),‬‬ ‫‪111~., 1981.‬‬ ‫‪579‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫)‪)1111~110111~31151510~5 (8115‬‬ ‫~‪81))013‬‬ ‫) ‪(~011(().‬‬ ‫‪0~ ~3111 01, 424‬‬ ‫‪0~1,,,~5, 339‬‬ ‫‪363‬‬ ‫‪))~~10~/11311~~ ))3~3/11~1~~5 01, 424‬‬ ‫‪340‬‬ ‫‪51~(0)1-5131~ ~/13~3~1~~1511~5 01, 413‬‬ ‫‪5.,,,,11~/1111~~/13~3~1~~1511~5 01, 418‬‬ ‫‪810~/(111~ /1100~, 4‬‬ ‫‪8~~3/(00.,,,,11 ,,,0113~~, 434‬‬ ‫‪369‬‬ ‫‪~11~~~111-5011~~~,‬‬ ‫‪111011~11011 /11010~5,‬‬ ‫‪5)111~/1~0110115‬‬ ‫‪/11010~5,‬‬ ‫~‪~11~1‬‬ ‫‪49‬‬ ‫‪0~ 0,,,~~13)),‬‬ ‫‪~0/11/11111311011‬‬ ‫‪79‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪74‬‬ ‫‪~0/11/11111311011,‬‬ ‫‪313‬‬ ‫‪313‬‬ ‫‪315‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪317‬‬ ‫‪~0111~01‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪~0111~01‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫~(‪0~3/‬‬ ‫‪~0111~01‬‬ ‫‪319‬‬ ‫‪~3))3~11311~~,‬‬ ‫~~))))‪~/10‬‬ ‫‪~)(1111~11011,‬‬ ‫‪11~111~, 79‬‬ ‫‪))0.,,,,~~ 13~10~,‬‬ ‫‪372‬‬ ‫~~‪))0.,,,,‬‬ ‫~‪~~~~11~~311,,,‬‬ ‫~(‪0~3/‬‬ ‫‪545‬‬ ‫‪57,‬‬ ‫‪469‬‬ ‫‪0~13)1,‬‬ ‫‪(15))13~~/11~111,‬‬ ‫‪145‬‬ ‫‪0~1,,,~5,‬‬ ‫~~‬ ‫‪0~~3/(00.,,,,11,‬‬ ‫‪10~~11~,‬‬ ‫~‪~ ,,,31311~/1‬‬ ‫~‪~/1~051311‬‬ ‫‪1.,,,,0/1011~-~1130~3111,‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪~/10))))~~5‬‬ ‫‪205‬‬ ‫‪210‬‬ ‫‪205,‬‬ ‫‪~13551~31,‬‬ ‫‪1/11))1115~-~0/11/1111131~0,‬‬ ‫‪321‬‬ ‫‪212‬‬ ‫‪/1111111))/135~,‬‬ ‫‪))1115~,‬‬ ‫‪~~50113111‬‬ ‫‪835~ 5))~~0, 298‬‬ ‫)‪81))0)3~ )1111~110111~31151510~5 (8115‬‬ ‫‪035~ 0~1,,,~ ~0111~01 01, 436‬‬ ‫‪0313 5/1~~1 01, 426‬‬ ‫‪580‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫)‪~0111(01 (~0/1(0.‬‬ ‫‪,,,011~~~ ~110 1(~().11~11~)1, 358‬‬ ‫‪358‬‬ ‫)‪(~0/1(0.‬‬ ‫‪180‬‬ ‫‪,,,0115//1~(12,‬‬ ‫‪142‬‬ ‫‪49,‬‬ ‫‪56‬‬ ‫‪11111-~~,,,~, 154‬‬ ‫‪157‬‬ ‫‪/1~11-~~,,,~,‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪67,‬‬ ‫‪266‬‬ ‫‪148‬‬ ‫‪140‬‬ ‫‪~11)(111~()1,‬‬ ‫‪~~~~~110(5,‬‬ ‫‪~0(11~1~(11~111~()1,‬‬ ‫‪69‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪0101(~~11011~1,‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪~0(11(11111~11011,‬‬ ‫‪74‬‬ ‫‪5111~1~-~/1~5~,‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪1/1)1(1510(,‬‬ ‫‪61‬‬ ‫‪5111~1~-~/1~5~ 0101(~~11011~1,‬‬ ‫‪145‬‬ ‫‪51~~-11~,‬‬ ‫‪204‬‬ ‫‪~~ ,,,011~~~, 137‬‬ ‫‪~01)1~011-~01111~~1~0,‬‬ ‫‪160‬‬ ‫‪51~~-00~11,‬‬ ‫‪186‬‬ ‫‪~0111(011~(5‬‬ ‫‪65‬‬ ‫‪~11((~111,‬‬ ‫‪~1115~,‬‬ ‫‪~)(1~01~1‬‬ ‫‪10(~~0, 57‬‬ ‫‪1111101(~~11011~1,‬‬ ‫‪60‬‬ ‫‪~011,,,~(1~(5‬‬ ‫‪1(11~1115~,‬‬ ‫‪1111~-510~,‬‬ ‫‪69‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪~~-~~,‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪~~-0~,‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪0~-~~,‬‬ ‫‪(~5011~111 ~1115~, 64‬‬ ‫‪10, 180‬‬ ‫‪0~-0~,‬‬ ‫‪5~11, 58‬‬ ‫‪10~0-510~,‬‬ ‫‪69‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪11~111(~1 0( 1111~, 57‬‬ ‫‪011~1, 78, 87‬‬ ‫‪11)10~~/(, 285‬‬ ‫‪5011, 215‬‬ ‫‪11(11~, 58‬‬ ‫‪11111,77, 84‬‬ ‫‪11111-0(10~~,‬‬ ‫‪287‬‬ ‫‪567‬‬ ‫‪,,,011~~~, 61‬‬ ‫(~‪~0(11~111‬‬ ‫‪~(0~(~(115,‬‬ ‫‪/1~11-0(10~~, 287‬‬ ‫‪011~-().11~0(~111,‬‬ ‫‪77‬‬ ‫‪287‬‬ ‫‪~115/1-~1111,‬‬ ‫‪439‬‬ ‫‪011~1,‬‬ ‫‪11111, 84‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪~11((~111,‬‬ ‫‪5~(111, 80‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪~0111(011~0,‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪5~(1~5,‬‬ ‫‪011~1,‬‬ ‫‪11111, 101‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪/1~11-~~,,,~,‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪5~(111, 99‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪517‬‬ ‫‪~1(,‬‬ ‫‪~1~~5,‬‬ ‫‪0)1 /1~~1‬‬ ‫‪11().1110,‬‬ ‫(~‪~(0~0‬‬ ‫‪~1(~1111, 538‬‬ ‫‪~11((~111 ~~111, 470,‬‬ ‫‪~)1~10~011,,,~(1~(5‬‬ ‫‪5111~1~-~/1~5~, 166‬‬ ‫‪1/1(~~-~/1~5~,‬‬ ‫‪168‬‬ ‫‪0‬‬ ‫‪21‬‬ ‫‪0~(11~111~ 1~~10(,‬‬ ‫‪0~(11~111~ (~110, 21, 522‬‬ ‫‪~)(1111~11011‬‬ ‫‪356‬‬ ‫‪332‬‬ ‫‪1(~().11~119,‬‬ ‫‪(111~(0~0(11~111~(,‬‬ ‫‪138‬‬ ‫‪330‬‬ ‫‪011-011,‬‬ ‫‪~/1~5~-10~/(~0-100~,‬‬ ‫‪140‬‬ ‫‪246‬‬ ‫‪437‬‬ ‫‪112‬‬ ‫‪~/1~5~,‬‬ ‫‪~/1~5~-015~1~~~(11~111,‬‬ ‫‪313‬‬ ‫‪~001111~,‬‬ ‫‪0)110(~~0‬‬ ‫‪516‬‬ ‫‪514‬‬ ‫‪~11~1~,‬‬ ‫‪1~0-().11~0(~111,‬‬ ‫‪514‬‬ ‫‪516‬‬ ‫‪108‬‬ ‫~‪5~11~/1111‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪77‬‬ ‫‪361‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪11111~110115 01,‬‬ ‫‪105‬‬ ‫‪581‬‬ ‫‪~11115~111(~11011,‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-~/1~5‬‬ ‫‪90‬‬ ‫‪95‬‬ ‫‪365‬‬ ‫‪5~(111-,‬‬ ‫‪87‬‬ ‫‪554‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪~0~~11,,,~,‬‬ ‫‪0~5~ 0(1,,,~, 436‬‬ ‫‪~/10~~~(, 313‬‬ ‫‪~105~0-100~, 323, 365, 376‬‬ ‫‪77‬‬ ‫‪78‬‬ ‫‪~/10~~~(5‬‬ ‫‪0~5~,‬‬ ‫‪~0~~(,‬‬ ‫‪~(0~0(11011~1‬‬ ‫‪~1115~-~101/1-(1100111~11011,‬‬ ‫‪(~~~11~(~11,,,~ 0(~/(~, 315‬‬ ‫‪(/1~051~11~ 0(~/(~, 317‬‬ ‫‪(010( ,,,011~~~, 349‬‬ ‫‪5111115010~1 ~1115~-~101/1 (1100111~11011, 114‬‬ ‫‪511~ ~0~~(,‬‬ ‫‪351‬‬ ‫‪51~10( ,,,011~~~, 347‬‬ ‫‪5)1(11(11~1(1~~1 ~11~1~, 110‬‬ ‫‪11~, 156‬‬ ‫‪437‬‬ ‫‪436‬‬ ‫‪365‬‬ ‫‪111(11-011,‬‬ ‫‪111(11-011,‬‬ ‫‪,,,~~10(,‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪0(1,,,~8, 296‬‬ ‫‪~/10))))~( ~0111(01, 313‬‬ ‫(‪~3~10‬‬ ‫‪(18))13~~111~111,‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪01810(11011,‬‬ ‫‪229‬‬ ‫‪(0(111, 30‬‬ ‫‪/13(1110111~, 30, 228‬‬ ‫‪/(1))111 ))0~~(,‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪0,,,~(0(1,,,~, 417‬‬ ‫‪8111~1~-))/138~ 01131-~011,,,~(1~( ~0111(01 304‬‬ ‫‪8111~1~-))/138~ (1111-~011,,,~(1~( ~0111(01 , ,303‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪545‬‬ ‫‪))0~~(,‬‬ ‫‪107,‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪384‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪,‬‬ ‫‪~108~0-100)) ~0111(0) 0(, 323‬‬ ‫‪1111~(0~0111))111~( ~0111(01 0(, 332‬‬ ‫))‪))/138~-10~/(~0-100‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 330‬‬ ‫‪8111~)~-))/138~ ~0111(01, 300‬‬ ‫‪(1))))1~,‬‬ ‫‪1111112311011‬‬ ‫(~‪8111~1~-))/138~ /13)(-~3,,,~-~011,,,~(1‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 301‬‬ ‫‪8111~1~-))/138~ 8~1111~011,,,~(1~( ~0111(01, 302‬‬ ‫‪80(111~88,‬‬ ‫(~‪1(3118(0(111‬‬ ‫‪~31111 ~11((~111‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 307‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-))/138‬‬ ‫(~‪01131-~011,,,~(1‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-))/138‬‬ ‫‪309‬‬ ‫‪(1111-~011,,,~(1~( ~0111(01, ,308‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-))/138‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪538‬‬ ‫‪3~ 8011(~~,‬‬ ‫‪~11/1‬‬ ‫‪540‬‬ ‫‪0~ 8011(~~,‬‬ ‫‪~11/1‬‬ ‫‪))(08))~~11,,,~,‬‬ ‫‪531‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-))/138‬‬ ‫(~‪/131(-~3,,,~-~011,,,~(1‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01, 308‬‬ ‫~‪1/1(~~-))/138‬‬ ‫‪8~1111~011,,,~(1~( ~0111(01, 308‬‬ ‫‪~111~(8‬‬ ‫‪3~, 45‬‬ ‫‪0(, 298‬‬ ‫‪0~, 44‬‬ ‫‪~1(111~ ~1(~11118 0( 1/1~(1810(8, 507‬‬ ‫‪~0(~3(0‬‬ ‫‪0(~3/(00~11‬‬ ‫‪,,,0113~~, 469‬‬ ‫‪31131~818, 564‬‬ ‫(~‪~011(1‬‬ ‫~~‪~(~()11~11‬‬ ‫‪113111(31, 522‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫‪111010(8‬‬ ‫‪038~ 8))~~0‬‬ ‫‪~/13(3~1~(1811~8 0(, 297‬‬ ‫‪(1~10 ~0111(01 0(, 298‬‬ ‫‪0(, 298‬‬ ‫‪1113~11~112311011 ~/13(3~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪8~(1~8, 299‬‬ ‫‪,,,0113~~ ~0111(01 0(, 298‬‬ ‫‪(~80113111, 21‬‬ ‫‪456‬‬ ‫‪0~30‬‬ ‫‪0//0/,‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪03(11))~0‬‬ ‫‪2011~, 255‬‬ ‫‪(111~111~, 21‬‬ ‫‪))(01~~11011,‬‬ ‫‪474‬‬ ‫‪111103(11))~0 113111(31, 522‬‬ ‫‪0(, 533‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫‪0100~8‬‬ ‫‪~118~8‬‬ ‫‪~/13(3~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪0313 8/1~~1 0(, 534‬‬ ‫‪~118111~, 531‬‬ ‫‪((~~~/1~~1111~,‬‬ ‫‪0(, 383‬‬ ‫‪~01111111113110110(, 33‬‬ ‫‪(381 (~~0,,,~(~,‬‬ ‫‪387‬‬ ‫‪~11((~111/11111~ ~/13(3~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪17, 23, 228‬‬ ‫‪~~11~(31 ))11())08~,‬‬ ‫‪386‬‬ ‫‪1~3/(3~~ ~11((~111, 384‬‬ ‫‪))3(311~1 ~01111~~1~0, 408‬‬ ‫‪0(, 388‬‬ ‫‪031~ ~/13(~~, 451‬‬ ‫‪0108,‬‬ ‫‪494‬‬ ‫‪0(, 494‬‬ ‫‪~/13(3~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪))3(3111~1~(8‬‬ ‫~~‪))~((0(111311‬‬ ‫‪387‬‬ ‫‪5~/1011/(~,‬‬ ‫‪8~(1~8 ~01111~~1~0, 406‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪018))13~~111~111 (3~10(,‬‬ ‫‪01810(11011‬‬ ‫‪(3~10(, 229‬‬ ‫‪0313 8/1~~1 0(, 495‬‬ ‫‪8111100~( ~1(~1111 0(, 502‬‬ ‫‪10131 /13(1110111~, 229‬‬ ‫‪0(1,,,~8‬‬ ‫‪3~, 339‬‬ ‫‪0~, 296, 369‬‬ ‫‪1-13(1110111~8‬‬ ‫‪229‬‬ ‫‪10~~81-0(0~(,‬‬ ‫‪248‬‬ ‫‪514‬‬ ‫‪469‬‬ ‫‪(~011~11011,‬‬ ‫‪1-1~31 8111/(8,‬‬ ‫‪~11((~111,‬‬ ‫~‪1-1010111‬‬ ‫‪350‬‬ ‫‪350‬‬ ‫‪81311~ 1((3111~(,‬‬ ‫‪81311~ 5~/1~(01118,‬‬ ‫‪0111~ ~~~1~, 10‬‬ ‫‪011/0/, 456‬‬ ‫‪476‬‬ ‫‪))(01~~11011,‬‬ ‫‪582‬‬ ‫)‪(~0/1((/.‬‬ ‫‪445‬‬ ‫‪442‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪444‬‬ ‫‪~11(1((1~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫~~‪~~(10(111(111‬‬ ‫‪~11(1((1~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪340‬‬ ‫~‪81~(10~-81(11‬‬ ‫‪~11(1((1~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪361‬‬ ‫‪8~11~111118‬‬ ‫‪452‬‬ ‫‪453‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪~05~818‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪~11(1((1~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪454‬‬ ‫‪0(11(1 811~~1 01,‬‬ ‫‪356‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪341‬‬ ‫‪349‬‬ ‫‪0‬‬ ‫‪347‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪462‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪358‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪~1.1((~111 ~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪11~10-~~(1~~111118‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪~11(1((1~1~(1811~8‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪350‬‬ ‫‪011-81(11~ ~1.1((~111, 469‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪358‬‬ ‫‪~051018,‬‬ ‫‪11101.1~11011 111010(8,‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪~1.118~8, 519‬‬ ‫‪545‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪81.1~~11~8, 284‬‬ ‫‪(1~, 290‬‬ ‫~‪,,,011(18‬‬ ‫‪~1.1((~111,‬‬ ‫‪,,,011(18~,‬‬ ‫‪(11.1)(111(1(~-~01111111.11(11~0,‬‬ ‫‪265‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪1(1~10(, 107,‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫~‪,,,011(18‬‬ ‫(‪81(110‬‬ ‫‪01, 364‬‬ ‫‪111,,,~(1~(8, 11, 226‬‬ ‫‪~111~11-011 ,,,011(18~, 441‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫‪0~,,,1~~8, 8‬‬ ‫‪~1~~1(0111~8, 1‬‬ ‫(‪(010‬‬ ‫(~~‪811~ ~0‬‬ ‫~~‪(1110 1(~~1.1~11‬‬ ‫~~‪(1110 1(~~1.1~11‬‬ ‫‪266‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫~‪,,,011(18‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪0~11~01.1~1~(8,‬‬ ‫(~~‪~0‬‬ ‫~~‪~~(10(111(111‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01‬‬ ‫‪01,‬‬ ‫~~‪1(~~1.1~11‬‬ ‫‪~0111~1~111~111(1(~-~01111111.11(11~0,‬‬ ‫‪274‬‬ ‫‪256,‬‬ ‫‪260‬‬ ‫‪255,‬‬ ‫‪261‬‬ ‫‪273,‬‬ ‫‪(~8011(1111,‬‬ ‫‪8~(1~8‬‬ ‫‪(~8011(1111,‬‬ ‫‪557‬‬ ‫‪555,‬‬ ‫‪235,‬‬ ‫‪0101(~~11011(11, 289‬‬ ‫‪226‬‬ ‫‪(~8011(1111,‬‬ ‫‪0(108~,‬‬ ‫‪0101(~~11011(11 (1~, 291‬‬ ‫‪0~, 285‬‬ ‫‪(~8011(1111 (1~, 291‬‬ ‫‪~~~1.1(((1~,‬‬ ‫‪247‬‬ ‫~‪111(~~-~11(18‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫‪~0111(01,‬‬ ‫~‪,,,(1(1(101‬‬ ‫~‪,,,011(18‬‬ ‫‪,,,011(18~-801.1(~~,‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪274‬‬ ‫‪8~(1~8‬‬ ‫~‪811181~-~11(18‬‬ ‫‪1111~, 276‬‬ ‫‪239,‬‬ ‫‪8(1111 01,‬‬ ‫~‪11(111-0(108‬‬ ‫‪266‬‬ ‫‪0(108~,‬‬ ‫‪233‬‬ ‫~‪11.111-0(108‬‬ ‫‪8~(1~8‬‬ ‫‪251‬‬ ‫‪230,‬‬ ‫‪~1.1((~111-801.1(~~,‬‬ ‫‪(~8011(1111 0~, 288‬‬ ‫‪1801(111011‬‬ ‫‪01 8(11~ (1110 0(18~ 0(1,,,~, 461‬‬ ‫‪/2( 10( 11.181118,401‬‬ ‫‪8~11~11~0 11100~ (1~, 290‬‬ ‫‪8~11~11~0 11100~ 0~, 285‬‬ ‫‪~(08((11118, ~0111~1.11~(, 567‬‬ ‫‪514‬‬ ‫‪538‬‬ ‫‪~(01~~110118,‬‬ ‫‪0~ ~(0~0(1(,‬‬ ‫‪531‬‬ ‫‪~1.1((~111,‬‬ ‫‪527‬‬ ‫‪,,,011(18~,‬‬ ‫‪469‬‬ ‫‪533‬‬ ‫‪462‬‬ ‫‪1.(11~111118 ~1.1((~111,‬‬ ‫‪~11~(8~,‬‬ ‫‪1.~1-111(01.1811‬‬ ‫‪~1.118~ 1((111810(111~(,‬‬ ‫‪~(1811~11~ ~1(~1.1118, 549‬‬ ‫‪~(1110‬‬ ‫‪522‬‬ ‫‪30‬‬ ‫‪~001.11(111011‬‬ ‫‪0(1111~1118,‬‬ ‫‪1(~~1.1~11~~, 182‬‬ ‫‪1110~)(, 114, 240‬‬ ‫‪(~~1111~(111011,‬‬ ‫‪11.1(118, 25‬‬ ‫‪~1.118~-~10111,‬‬ ‫‪245‬‬ ‫~~‪~~(1~1(111‬‬ ‫‪89‬‬ ‫‪~1(~1.11(111118 ~1.1((~111,‬‬ ‫‪~01111111.11(111118, 49‬‬ ‫‪370‬‬ ‫‪385‬‬ ‫‪8~11~11(01101.18,‬‬ ‫‪~11(1(8~,‬‬ ‫‪~~~0,,,~(~0‬‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫‪~~~1111~(8,‬‬ ‫‪0(108~, 33‬‬ ‫‪583‬‬ ‫‪241‬‬ ‫‪81111.18010(11‬‬ ‫‪11100111~0‬‬ ‫‪1111.1111~1~-~1.118~-~10111,‬‬ ‫‪~1.118~-~10111,112, 181, 240‬‬ ‫‪243‬‬ ‫‪~1.118~-~10111,‬‬ ‫‪114,‬‬ ‫‪241‬‬ ‫‪~1.118~-~10111,‬‬ ‫‪440‬‬ ‫‪81111.18010(11‬‬ ‫‪1.111110(111‬‬ ‫‪~05~818,‬‬ ‫‪0(11(1 811~~1 01, 446‬‬ ‫‪8(11~ 0(1,,,~ 01, 452‬‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ ﺭُﺷﺩ‬ ‫‪, ‬‬ ‫‪~~~11(1~15‬‬ ‫)‪(~011(0.‬‬ ‫‪~11~11110~51~11 0(, 44‬‬ ‫‪~01111011~0, 10, 77‬‬ ‫‪~11311~~15‬‬ ‫‪161‬‬ ‫‪5111~1~-()1135~,‬‬ ‫‪164‬‬ ‫‪5~11~010110115,‬‬ ‫‪518‬‬ ‫‪515‬‬ ‫‪10~1111311111()~0311~~,‬‬ ‫‪391,‬‬ ‫‪517‬‬ ‫)(‪13‬‬ ‫‪~((1~1~11~~, 30‬‬ ‫‪1111116()035~ 5131, 38‬‬ ‫‪559‬‬ ‫‪33, 557,‬‬ ‫‪29‬‬ ‫‪5111~1~-()035~ 031(-~3,,,~,‬‬ ‫‪111~1111311~5151311~~,‬‬ ‫‪11111~ ~011513111,‬‬ ‫‪5111~1~-()035~ 0110~~,‬‬ ‫‪41‬‬ ‫‪0110~~,‬‬ ‫‪10~111131‬‬ ‫‪~~~11131015‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫‪,,,0113~~,‬‬ ‫‪441‬‬ ‫~‪101~~-()035‬‬ ‫‪1111~511010‬‬ ‫‪00051, 193‬‬ ‫‪011~/(, 190‬‬ ‫‪111~1151015‬‬ ‫‪483‬‬ ‫‪482‬‬ ‫‪35~111111~111~31,‬‬ ‫‪011~/(-00051,‬‬ ‫‪196‬‬ ‫‪01011~~60113111100~,‬‬ ‫‪~1.1/(, 199‬‬ ‫‪~11313~1~11511~5 0(, 468‬‬ ‫‪(1~03~/(,‬‬ ‫‪196‬‬ ‫ﻛﺗﺑ‬ ‫‪0313 50~~1 0(, 486‬‬ ‫‪(351 5~11~11111~, 480‬‬ ‫‪5~11~0111~ 11100~, 189‬‬ ‫‪50110-5131~,‬‬ ‫‪132‬‬ ‫‪~81-~01111011~0,‬‬ ‫‪484‬‬ ‫‪(11111~ ~11~111150(, 507‬‬ ‫‪111~111131, 391, 515‬‬ ‫‪~~,,,~15~ ~1111~111, 470‬‬ ‫‪~31~ ()101~~6011 ~11~11115, 509‬‬ ‫‪~31~-111111-0((, 481‬‬ ‫‪385‬‬ ‫‪11~1113~6,,,31~0, 484‬‬ ‫‪()31311~1 0()~1311011 0(, 507‬‬ ‫‪()~1(01111311~~ ()313111~1~15 0(, 485‬‬ ‫‪()1135~-~0111101, 480‬‬ ‫‪1~,,,~15~ ~011011~611~, 482‬‬ ‫‪1~~0,,,~1~,‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺷﺩ‬ ‫ُﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫‪5~11~5 0()~136011‬‬ ‫‪5111100~15, 459, 520‬‬ ‫‪11011-01551()36,,,~, 524‬‬ ‫‪0()6111111110~51~11 0(, 523‬‬ ‫‪5()~~0‬‬ ‫‪111111-0110(, 472‬‬ ‫‪1~0-11311515101‬‬ ‫‪1~()~5 0(, 479‬‬ ‫‪357‬‬ ‫‪340‬‬ ‫~‪11111‬‬ ‫‪3,,,311301~ 111111-0((, 61, 206‬‬ ‫‪011,,,~,‬‬ ‫‪350‬‬ ‫‪~11~1111111111-0((, 61‬‬ ‫‪419,‬‬ ‫‪473‬‬ ‫‪1(13111~1‬‬ ‫~‪51311‬‬ ‫‪5~0~101115‬‬ ‫~‪5136‬‬ ‫‪5~11~0~5‬‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫‪0~13~,‬‬ ‫‪(311, 445‬‬ ‫‪143‬‬ ‫‪473‬‬ ‫‪492‬‬ ‫‪125‬‬ ‫‪127‬‬ ‫‪473‬‬ ‫‪3~,‬‬ ‫‪1~,,,~15111~,‬‬ ‫‪554‬‬ ‫‪111.11-011, 424,‬‬ ‫‪376‬‬ ‫‪36,‬‬ ‫‪0(,‬‬ ‫‪419‬‬ ‫‪342‬‬ ‫‪51013~~,‬‬ ‫‪(1111~6011,‬‬ ‫‪11101015,‬‬ ‫‪~0111101‬‬ ‫‪370‬‬ ‫‪11111~ ~011513111, 325‬‬ ‫~‪101(,/11‬‬ ‫‪0~,,,~10()~0,‬‬ ‫~‪5111~1~-()035‬‬ ‫~‪1111~~-()1135‬‬ ‫‪369‬‬ ‫‪111111-0(( 0~13~,‬‬ ‫‪11,‬‬ ‫‪3~,‬‬ ‫‪51311~,‬‬ ‫~‪0‬‬ ‫~‪1111~~-()1135‬‬ ‫‪115~, 445,‬‬ ‫‪127‬‬ ‫‪3~ 5136~,‬‬ ‫‪01011~~601131,‬‬ ‫‪130‬‬ ‫‪(01~310‬‬ ‫‪1~~0,,,~1~, 386,403‬‬ ‫‪1~,,,~15~ 1~~0,,,~1~, 384, 400‬‬ ‫‪51013~~, 419‬‬ ‫‪111111-0((, 5, 425,‬‬ ‫‪035~,‬‬ ‫‪5~11~1110110115,‬‬ ‫‪011,,,~,‬‬ ‫‪350‬‬ ‫‪298,‬‬ ‫‪~011111111136011, 206‬‬ ‫‪445‬‬ ‫~‪~~,,,~15‬‬ ‫‪5311113611~ ~1131~~, 418‬‬ ‫‪511(), 341‬‬ ‫‪5136~ 111011~6011, 3, 483‬‬ ‫‪111111-0(( 0(, 479‬‬ ‫‪11100~1 0(, 470‬‬ ‫~~‪~~5151311‬‬ ‫‪011-5131~, 451‬‬ ‫‪~31~ 355151~0 111111-0((, 3‬‬ ‫‪0(, 504‬‬ ‫‪~~13~5,‬‬ ‫‪375‬‬ ‫~‪5~11~11111‬‬ ‫‪5~11~1110110115‬‬ ‫)(‪~105~0-100‬‬ ‫‪~~1111011~3110101,‬‬ ‫‪()~1111311~111-1113~11~1,‬‬ ‫‪374‬‬ ‫‪373‬‬ ‫‪1~111~1311~~,‬‬ ‫‪5311~111-()01~,‬‬ ‫‪584‬‬
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Xem thêm: Power electronics circuits, devices applications, Power electronics circuits, devices applications, 11-2 11101.1~11011 ~010( 0(1~~8, 340, 00~001(011~0 10(0 00 300 011 (~.~., 0100~), ~(01~~1100 01 .()0~~( 0~.,,1~~5, 1(/) = ~5 ~~(/8.~, ~0~ , = ,1 = 125.66 ~5, 1)~ (, = ,,) = 220 ~., 111~ ~3~~10(018 10( 111~ ~1.1((~018 3(~ 8110~0 10 ~1~. 2-8~., 111~ (7(1115107111•7 1-/(1111.(1(10111(1((07 18 0~110~0 (18, 1 (2.. 2 (.. = 2~,,,, ~0~(~ (05 = 270/5 = 31,415.93 (30/5, (1 = 70/(05 = 100 ~5, 3110 1 = 1//., 8011111011 10~ ~~~~~1101 ~1.111~11118 ~)(~1~88~0 ~8, (0,,, = 91,287.1 ~30/5, ~()5. (3-7), (3-13), 3110 (3-14), 11110 ~(). (3-15),, 5(1 + ~08 ~), (0) ~ = ,,./2 ~110 11,,, = 0 )( 120 = 169.83~. ~~0111 ~~. (4-5), 11~0 =, 111~ ~1(~111111111~ ~11((~111 (11111111111115 ~0111111110115 ~011011~110110100111 ~011~~(1~(5, (0) ~1 = 0311()~2 = 11/2. ~~01118(). (4-41),, ,,,-12+0. 1)(10 0(0)0 = ~, ~~ = ~ = 0.7797 (1(1~~111~), 10 ~102 + (2 )( 7.54 - 1/(2 )( 377~))2~1/2 ., ~113115 511111501031 ~1115~-~10111-11100111311011 ~0111(01 01 3 ~011..,~(1~(7, 80101100 /10 = 5000 ~, ~11 = 0.88, 3110 ~$ = 120~., (/)) 10.~ (1115 103() ~11((~111,, 510 (~ - 6) = 510 (~ - 6)•(~/1.)(()(-(3)/0) (6-16), 1)/1.8 0 ~ ~5 ., 1)-48 = 2080 5111 ( 0)( + ~) = 294.2 5111 ( 0)( + ~), ~0( 0 ~ (,)( -( 7//3~ 1.0 = 0, ~~ = ~ 1 = 4000.8 = .8 98 (1~~111~, ~/1~~~ %0 = 1/(1/0)0. ~0~ 1/ = 3 (1110 0) = 377,, ~0( ~(00. 6-24, 11101111~ 111~111110~~( 13~10( 3~311151111~ 0~13~ 311~1~., /5 = /(/0 = 0.5 )( 22 = 11 ~, $110811111110~ (1 = /(1 (100 (2 = (1 - /()1 ~1~108 111~ (1~~((1~~ 0111.,111 ~011(1~~,, 111~ 5~11~1110~ ()~..100, 7, ~(10 0~ 101100 1..0111, 10-~~(1~ ..1~~1~ ~011(1~~ 0~ 111~ ~(1~(1~110.. ~1 18, 1,, = 1.8 )( 450 - 450 = 220 /40, ~~ ~ 1. )1-. ~ 1-, (7-119), 11~ 111~ ((..,~~((~~ ~11~~~111, 1.~ = 440 ~., ~. ~/183111, ~. 1,. 1(11810111, 3110 ~. ~. ~11)3, ..~1~~0~~0~~880~ ~0111~01 0( 3 ~11~~~11( 8011~~~, 0 10.- 11 = 2, 4, ..., (~ = 2.638 (115, (0) 10~ 10~~51-010~1 0(111110111~ 1510~ 11110, 1/1-5 = 1/1-1/5. ~10111 ~~. (8-4), 1-1~5, (~) 1/1~ 011~~11~ ~0~~1, ~ 0 = 44.12 )( 2 = 3889 ~., 1)~(() = - (11, + 11~)~-~( (0. 5111 (0~( + (0~ ~05 (0~() + 11$, - 175 = 356.24 ~, 2~ = (102 + (11.8711 _ 2~.6) 1/2, 150131100 0~1~~~0 111~ 50~(~~ 300 1030, 9-1. 111~ 0~ 0(11~(11 ~0113~~ 01111~ ~(1511-~1111 ~1(~(111111 ~1~. 9-1~, 110 = 24 , 31 3 (~5156~~, 17,, = ~~ (1 + ~05 0.,,), ~110 (015 ~1~105 10~ 0~1~~ ~11~1~ 01 (0~ ~1111~101~ ~011,,,~11~1 ~5 ~,, = 116.380., ~, = /(11,1~ = 0.6 )( 600 )( 250 = 90 )(~, 111~ ~()111.,,111~01 10110 (~5151110~~ 01111~ 5~(1~5 ~~0~(1110(,, 80)01100 10 = 100 ~, ~ = 2, 1-_ = 0.3 1111-1, ~_ = 4500 ~, 3110 /0 =, ~11~1 ~~~ 111~ 111~~~ 1)1~~5 01 0~ 0~1.,,~5 0~5~0 0(1 111~ 1(1~111 511~~1)17, , _ 2, 7.732 /. . / ., ~. 139.34 0 0, /1 (05 = (3(00, 300 10~ ~0113~~-10-1(~()1.1~0~)1 (3110 18 ~0081301 80 1031, 1 = 55 = 3(~~/5)(22.13 )( 20)2, 3110 ~0 = 2356 = 3 )( 132. 79/. ~08 6,,,. ~(0111 111~8~ 1~0 ~().113110118, /. 3110 6,,, ~311 0~, (~) ~..0(11 111~ 0313 811~~1 010100~, ~,0_~ = 0.0900~. ~..0(11 ~~. (12-8),, ((1) ~0( (77 50 ,.,..8 (1110,. = 2000 1-1~, 111~ (~011~1100 0~ 111~ (1.,,~((1~~ 011111111, 0118111~ 0~1~~~11 ~1 3110 ~2 10( ~((1131 ~0113~~ 8113(111~ 38, 111 ~(1(11~( ~11(1~1~(8, 13118 0( ~05~~18 ~~(~ (1881.1(11~0 (18 10~(11 8~11~11~8 10, (1110 10.~ ~0((~5~0110111~ ~(110~ 01 0(15~ ~0((~111 15, , ,,,.1 ~.515~.0.. ~01~, ~..0550~9..1 9, (~. 111~ ~(0550~~( 11111~, (0 15 0~1111~0 35 111~ 1111~(~31 011(111~, ,,,,.4.)(~,,,,(),,,, (0 ~(,..0~ ((.)~~~~,., ~ = 2 /1.,5 (13-59), 1~ = 0.15 + 1~80, ~~5 ~~ 9811, /71~~5). 1.,-(~~5) 15 10~ (001-(0~30-5~03(~ (((05) .,,310~ 01 00-, (3) 510~~ 1/1~ 5~11~/110~ 1~~()11~0~~ 15 10~, ~1~. 14-18.4151/1~ 3~~~0~~131~ 00~ 10, 0) ~~88~ ,.8 8,.~8 0~18985 8~~~~ 10,. ~8~0 0,. 0898~...,8 9818 0,1.398., (0) ~(0111 ~().. (14-25), 10.~ 1(31181~111 0~(31111~ 13~10( 18, ~~~~31 ~100. 14-8 111/1~ 111~111 ~0113~~ 15 3~, 1), = 179 5111 377(., / = 11-4(~./~. + ~~.5 + ~5-4) (15-1), 2 (( = (1) = 21 = 23 = 25 = 0.03500~, (/ = /8. ~ = /8., .,(/) ~ .0(/) ~ 110008.,,,,/ + /, ) /.~ 81~ .,,,,/, 111~ 1118~ 1111181 ~(1((~ ~01111111101181~ 111~ ~~~1~~ ((11~~ ~11((~111., ,-~• ,..,..350 5•..-~•5 0~ 5•01~~0,.,0~~10..- 1~5•5 ~,-• 0 8~~80~• ~~1~ ~700, ~11(11 15 (1 ~.-0~0(1.-7, 111 - 270/1-1 - 270/1-1 - 4.44/1-1, (0.~ + 0~)1/2 5111 (11())( + ~,,) (~-9), 381 ~~1~. ..~0. 0~ ~~15~5 ~~... ~81~-~)(~1~ = .~~, 0 ~18, ~. ~., 110~~,. 1)/00~ (1110 7/1)1,./5(0,. 0,.~~/(5. 51~,,,~113~~, 1-1~~18, .611~)3110= 11181111111011

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