Chiến lược thu hút FDI vào các KCN, KCX tại hải phòng trong thời gian tới e

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TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION Strategic Concept The concept of business strategy The importance of strategy 4 Introduction of unit 5 Strategies to attract FDI and use of the IZ and EPZ .6 Assessment activities and use FDI attraction in the Industrial area 7 Development Strategy on Industrial area in Hai Phong in the futurei 10 Strategies to attract FDI in the Industrial area in Hai Phong in the future……… 12 Specific objectives in the period from 2014 to 2020 15 CONCLUSION ……………………………………………………………….16 INTRODUCTION After completing the course Strategic Management by Prof Dr Vu Thanh Hung guidance and teaching, I found this course very meaningful, practical and necessary for those who are managing, leaders, officials of state bodies, business units and companies Apply the knowledge learned, here I am pleased to present content requires individual assignments, as follows: Strategic Concept: Currently there are many different definitions of strategy, the basic cause of this difference is due to the different belief systems about the organization in general and the different approaches to the organization's strategy particular In terms of ontology, depending on the perspective of positivism (positivism) or follow the trend of building (constructivism) that the essence of strategy is determined according to the laws of nature or have a significant impact on the subject In fact, usually defined strategy towards practices aimed at facilitating the process of organizational practice According to Johnson and Scholes, the strategy is defined as follows: "The strategy is to determine the orientation and scope of an organization's activities in the long term, in which organizations must gain the advantage through a combination of resources in a challenging environment, the best to satisfy the needs of the market and meet the wishes of the actors involved in the organization " The concept of business strategy: Business strategy is to establish long-term goals of the business, giving the action plan the most general way, then choose the action plan, deploy allocation of resources to be able the achievement of corporate objectives that were set out Business strategy is used in the most common sense 3: - Establish long-term goals of the business - Give the general action programs - Selection of the action plan, the allocation of resources deployed to implement that goal The importance of the strategy: We can say the development and implementation of strategy really has become a leading task and is a content, important functions of corporate governance, it is being widely adopted in the enterprise Currently popular notion that: "Business Strategy is the art of coordinating the activities and control them in order to reach long-term goals of the business" Regarded as a strategic business process administrators have toward corporate governance with strategic thinking with a view: Strategy or not enough, but must be able to implement new organizational guarantee for business success public Corporate governance and strategic This is the perspective of strategic management approach popular now Introduction of the unit: In 1993, the Board of Management of Hai Phong Export Processing Zone was established under Decision No 358 / TTg dated 07/15/1993 of the Prime Minister to perform the functions of state management for Hai Phong Export Processing Zone In 1994, Nomura Industrial Zone - Haiphong birth, the Management Board of the Export Processing Zones are additional management tasks and Industrial Zones Management Board changed the Export Processing Zones and Industrial Haiphong (Decision No 240 / QD-TTg dated 27/04/1995 of the Prime Minister) In 2008, the economic zone of Dinh Vu - Cat Hai was established, according to which, the Board of Management of Export Processing Zones and Industrial Haiphong reorganized the Economic Zone Management Board Haiphong (Decision No 1329 / QD TTg dated 09/19/2008 of the Prime Minister) Economic Zone Management Board Haiphong (Management Board) performing functions, duties and powers of state management directly to the economic zone of Dinh Vu - Cat Hai and industrial zones in the province of Hai Room prescribed by law and under the authorization of the ministries and central agencies, the city People's Committee; participate in developing and proposing policy, planning, construction, development of industrial zones, EZ; guide, help investors implement investment procedures, project implementation and business operations; ensuring adequate supply and timely administrative services, support services; solve, solving difficulties in connecting infrastructure within and outside the zone, the labor supply; monitoring, comprehensive examination of the implementation of policies, legislation and assess investment performance of the IZ, EZ Strategies to attract FDI and use of the IPs and EPZs: The most important goal of IPs and EPZs is to attract foreign investment to the nature of the "territory" operates under a separate regulation in the general investment climate of the country, IPs and EPZs become tools effectively attract FDI oriented governments are applied to expand production and business activities in the area and achieve economic growth of the whole economy Orientation attracting and using FDI in Vietnam was the Vietnamese government embodied in resolutions 103 / NQ-CP dated 29/08/2013 as follows: Create a strong shift in attracting foreign investment towards projects selected quality, high added value, using modern technology, environmentally friendly, particularly in the field of information technology and biotechnology for agriculture; development of infrastructures, training of human resources of high quality, research and development, modern services To further attract large-scale projects, offering highly competitive, join the global value chains of transnational corporations, from which to build and develop the sector system, supporting enterprises ; encourage industrial projects moved from processing to production; investors choose large, reputable investment and development of financial markets; simultaneously, the project focuses on small and medium-scale appropriate to each economic sector and each locality Encourage, facilitate and strengthen linkages between foreign invested enterprises with one another and with local businesses Planning attracting FDI by industry, field, partner matching the advantages of each region and each sector to promote investment efficiency of each locality, region, consistent with the overall planning to ensure benefits Overall national and economic restructuring under a new growth model Review the attraction and use of FDI in the Industrial area: Achievements: Forming system 17 planned industrial park with total area of 9710 hectares Among them was established and put into operation 08 zones (with 12 projects IZ infrastructure development), with a total area of 4,600 hectares, nearly times higher than before 2008, equal to 6% of the total area of industrial park International (288 IPs nationwide - a total area of 81,000 hectares, Hanoi has IPs - 1,236 ha, HCMC 15 IPs 2,175 ha, Bac Ninh has KCN- 2654 ha), to meet the development needs to 2015 and orientations for next year Dinh Vu Economic Zone Cat Hai has been established and approved by the general planning with total area of 22 540 ha, is taking steps to implement investment projects in infrastructure construction necessary to build a complete system comprehensive infrastructure and modernization of EZ including IPs and EPZs, forming investment climate, business is particularly advantageous; initially attracted some FDI projects with large scale of transnational corporations, the premise here is very favorable to the successful development of this EZ The formation of EPZs and industrial areas where it will make a fundamental change in the technical infrastructure within and outside the district, is the basis for the formation of urban areas, industrial service future Regarding the quality of the production projects: The IPs have attracted some FDI projects with high technology, advanced manufacturing technology, product competitiveness, some companies, the Group brands of the 500 largest global companies, contributing to the global value chain as Genral Electrics (GE), Bridgestone, LGE, Idemitsu, Toyota Industrial Park Development has contributed to the process of economic restructuring, innovation-led growth model of industrialization, modernization, urbanization and new rural construction: FDI, participants completed promote economic restructuring through the development of business volume of industrial production, creating many important industrial products, new products, increase exports, stimulate, promote industrial development local; while promoting the service activity, thereby increasing the proportion of services in the economic structure of the city, reducing the share of agriculture in GDP Operation of industrial parks already contribute to promoting administrative reform, improve the investment environment, the city's business; building and perfecting the management staff of the State of investment management and the IZ, EZ Abridment: Technical infrastructure - outsize industrial society, EZ yet to meet development requirements and can not meet favorable conditions for attracting direct investment projects abroad have big capital, modern technology, have spillover effects, stimulating the economic development of Hai Phong and the northern provinces Social infrastructure is still low, the lack of international 5-star hotel, offices for rent, entertainment, recreation, hospitals, international schools ; in particular, the city has not implemented the project to build housing and provide domestic services for workers in the IZ, EZ The company building and business infrastructure capable IPs capital, the ability of investment promotion, secondary care now uneven Besides the industrial park infrastructure development synchronous attract efficient investment, remains one of the companies not work well, some less developed industrial park, the occupancy rate of industrial land is not high Investment promotion activities slowly reformed methods, forms of activities, the construction program, the investment promotion plan not close to the target, the characteristics of the market, not linked to the formation of ground clean (condition of roads, electricity, water, labor ), the coordination and coherence between the sectors with the Management Board and the Company are not comprehensive infrastructure Results attracting investment has been rising in recent years, but not commensurate with the potential, advantages and has not met expectations of leaders and people of the city The compensation for site clearance, land investment project construction and infrastructure development of industrial zones, urban zones many difficulties and obstacles, resulting in slow progress, unable to meet the demand created clean surface to attract investment, took the opportunity to recognize the potential of FDI projects than having to wait too long; IPs typically related to compensation and clearance of agricultural land, residential land as VSIP, Nam Cau Kien, Trang Due, Anyang Human resource development needs of the industrial zones, EZ, especially trained workforce lacking, industry and the quality of training has not met the requirements of FDI On the other hand, workers' income is generally low, basic life guarantee themselves a minimum level; conditions of accommodation and cultural life, the spirit of the employees working in the IZ is very difficult, should also appear condition quit, stop, slowdowns Many investors are still violating labor regulations, as no suitable labor regulations law, extend the probationary period, pay grades and ranks improperly prescribed by law On the other hand, the employers, especially in enterprises with 100% foreign capital lack of legal understanding of Vietnam, further propagating the law has not been carried out regularly, the right audience But in reality, many investors are still deliberately not implementing the provisions of the law Environmental protection projects in the industrial zone is not complete, some IPs have launched investment promotion but have not finished building wastewater treatment plants concentrate (Trang Due, Nam Cau Kien, Minh Phuong) , making it difficult for environmental protection Low budget contribution Production activities - business most FDI in the IZ, EZ affected and the impact of the national economy and of its parent company, the project investor and international market conditions and disasters disaster (floods, tsunamis, droughts ) should grow less strongly, plant, machinery and equipment have not yet reached the scale, design capacity, large inventory status (especially for the enterprise DDI), many now in jeopardy prolonged losses And many IPs delayed deployment commitments Although approved detailed planning and investment certificate soon but some IPs large scale in the area of Dinh Vu Economic Zone-Cat Hai (Nam Dinh Vu Industrial Zone and 2, the non-tariff area ) to develop in the reclamation methods, with advantages in terms of compensation and site clearance, but had difficulty in leveling, construction of infrastructure both within and outside IPs and capability of the head limited investment, leading to delays in the construction of infrastructure, not meet the needs of existing investment and in the future Some IPs outside EZ also implemented the construction behind schedule commitments (Nam Cau Kien, An Duong) Development Strategy of Industrial area in Hai Phong in the future: Advantages: Vietnam is one of countries with stable political mechanisms of integration innovation policies continue to be fully consistent with the market economy, macro economy continues to improve, the water Members of the World Trade Organization, to participate in the economic organization of countries and regions, a number of agreements signed multilateral and bilateral Hai Phong has a favorable geographical position as the main gate to the sea of the northern provinces, Hai Phong is the construction of Lach Huyen deep water port phase between the Corporation SNP and JV with Japan will soon be completed and put into operation in line with large ships generate economic efficiency port and ancillary services for the development of commercial industry Hai Phong has been invested soon put into operation transport systems: sea, waterways associated with the estuary of the river system of the country, highway tied to the national transportation system and key economic region, the Hanoi - Lao Cai associated with the southwest region of China and ASEAN countries, Cat Bi airport is being upgraded to an international airport and connection system with enhanced services Synchronous level has been the construction expeditiously There mechanism and incentives for economic zones and high-tech parks Difficult: Preferential policies in the industrial zone outside the tight economy The IPs and EPZs are not in the area EZ is not entitled to investment incentives regime Some IPs too close to people and not be exempted from land rent Technical infrastructure - outsize industrial society, EZ yet to meet development requirements and can not meet favorable conditions for attracting direct investment projects abroad have big capital, modern technology, have spillover effects, stimulating the economic development of Hai Phong and the northern provinces Social infrastructure is still low, the lack of international 5-star hotel, offices for rent, entertainment, recreation, hospitals, international schools ; in particular, the city has not implemented the project to build housing and provide domestic services for workers in the IZ, EZ The compensation for site clearance, land investment project construction and infrastructure development of industrial zones, urban zones many difficulties and obstacles, resulting in slow progress, unable to meet the demand created clean surface to attract investment, took the opportunity to recognize the potential of FDI projects than having to wait too long; IPs typically related to compensation and clearance of agricultural land, residential land as VSIP, Nam Cau Kien, Trang Due, Anyang Human resource development needs of the industrial zones, EZ, especially trained workforce lacking, industry and the quality of training has not met the requirements of FDI On the other hand, workers' income is generally low, basic life guarantee themselves a minimum level; conditions of accommodation and cultural life, the spirit of the employees working in the IZ is very difficult, should also appear condition quit, stop, slowdowns Environmental protection projects in the industrial zone is not complete, some IPs have launched investment promotion but have not finished building wastewater treatment plants concentrate (Trang Due, Anyang), difficult for attracting investment and investors to perform environmental work under environmental law and environmental regulations The project still uses outdated technology, the technology has been in some countries not accept used (asbestos smelting, dyeing, tanning), not comparable with neighboring countries such as Japan, South Korea , not absorb the level of technology transfer This contributes to reducing the salary of workers in recruitment Vietnam still just focus on price advantages cheap labor without investing to form good workers lead to labor source satisfactory at excess, lack of skilled workers in the unskilled labor surplus information Government has no clear incentives for auxiliary industry although this is the core sector of the production line leading to unattractive secondary investors wishing to invest in production of parts Small retailers in Vietnam Most of the manufacturing plants, assembly of foreign investors in Vietnam must go to import the essential components in the countries in the region such as Thailand, Indonesia, Hai Phong city with the strength the sea, harbor international gateway but logistics is still underdeveloped Haiphong have a specialized university training in the maritime industry but no formal training in logistics services that shortages led to severe human resources in this field, especially when investors care engaged in the transportation market since 2014 Strategies to attract FDI in the Industrial area in Hai Phong in the future: From the reality of the investment attraction of FDI for many years and the ups and downs have been experienced by the global economy slowdown That was the challenge, and an opportunity that we must take advantage to have a general overview develop the strengths and eliminate the weak And the analysis and evaluation at the SWOT model: Strong points (S): - Favorable geographical position, is the - Weak points (W): Mechanisms and policies are not gateway to the East Sea, behind the synchronized (W1) economic areas of the Red River Delta (S1) - Some companies trading infrastructure 10 - Urban City Type (S2) has not enough resources and fishing - The labor abundant, affordable (S4) capacity (W2) - A deep sea port, a major port in the - Type of service and service logistics chain national (S5) undeveloped (W3) - Political stability, large market (S6) - The industrial complex ancillary industry - There are general planning and detailed has not been formed (W4) planning of Dinh Vu - Cat Hai (S7) - There was one door mode - Train employees not assigned according on to criteria of FDI investors in EZ (W5) administrative reform (S8) - Infrastructure is not ready (W6) - High-quality human resources, labor workers for high-tech park is not available (W7) Chance (O): Challenging (T): - Convenience for investors to Korea, - Intense competition in attracting foreign Japan and some other countries (O1) direct investment especially in countries - Vietnam has joined the WTO and is in the such as Malaysia, Indonesia and other process of participating in trade agreements countries in the region (T1) across the Pacific TPP (O2) - Competition to attract investment to the - A port city, the industrial center with an province and other cities in the country area of Dinh Vu - Cat Hai near 28.000ha such as Ho Chi Minh City are ready in (O3) terms of infrastructure and human - Mechanism of investment, the investment resources for investors to play the FDI (T2) environment is improving increasingly attractive to investors (O4) With the analysis and evaluation of SWOT proven through waves of investment from Japan and South Korea at Dinh Vu - Cat Hai, with favorable port location for imported commercial goods, infrastructure of seventeen years on the basis of completed industrial park ready to serve investors in many sectors and industries In particular, the 11 development of logistics and service chain, auxiliary industries create opportunities for foreign investors as well as domestic In summary, by means of SWOT analysis used to assess investment potential of IPs and EPZs under management unit Hai Phong EZ 28.000ha is near urban areas, industrial zones, non-tariff areas, deep water port with investment scale modern infrastructure, adapt naturally attracted prestigious address concerns and beliefs Foreign investors, in water to the city of Hai Phong But the development of the infrastructure of the whole city as well as the improvement of infrastructure in economic zones to match with the surrounding areas of Asia as well as in other cities throughout the country needed more support, resources especially the attention, directing overcome difficulties of leadership at all levels and relevant departments especially Haiphong to realize from overall planning to detailed planning by Government approval Jump to attract investment from width to depth; selection, the project attracted dynamics, modern technology, environmentally friendly, high added value, using less land, less labor, less energy invest in industrial zones, EZ; focusing resources on implementing international projects in Hai Phong port, bridges Dinh Vu - Cat Hai, Tan Vu road - Lach Huyen and infrastructure projects important EZ: City investment boost comprehensive development of infrastructure works, the senior service sector, connecting inside and outside industrial zones in service projects to attract large-scale investment Specific objectives in the period from 2014 to 2020: It is time to accelerate the attraction of investment to fill the entire IPs: Dinh Vu, Minh Phuong, VSIP, Trang Due, Trang Cat in EZ and IPs: Son, An Duong, Nam Cau Kien outside EZ with a total area of 1,235 hectares of industrial land Fill 50% of industrial land reclamation of industrial zones in Nam Dinh Vu with an area of about 716 hectares Attracted about $ 12 billion invested in industry, services and ports Fill 20% of urban land and services in urban areas under the project VSIP urban and Trang Cat, an area of 300 hectares, attracting investment of about $ 12 billion 12 Research, called for the construction of infrastructure-intensive industrial zone for Japanese investors with the scale of 300-400 in Industrial Park South Trang Cat Selection of investors in infrastructure development actually has the capacity to establish new selection from 2-3 Industrial Park, with a total area of approximately 4,000 hectares increase, in which priorities established in the planning of industrial zones Dinh Vu - Cat Hai, establishment and expansion of industrial zones outside the EZ as eligible, established IPs support to attract large-scale investment Construction Scheme City Government to consider the establishment of a hightech park in Hai Phong city to attract investments that would have in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang To accelerate the construction of infrastructure in general industrial zones, creating breakthrough infrastructure Dinh Vu Economic Zone - Cat Hai, which concentrates the most important transportation projects in the EZ as the arterial roads Urban - Industrial Ben Forest, Ring Road connecting the island Vu Yen and Dinh Vu peninsula region over the bridge Vu Yen (currently VSIP and Japanese advisory group started the process of application of Japanese ODA Japan to build) This route will connect directly to the developing area in Thuy Nguyen with Lach Huyen international port and highways Hanoi - Hai Phong; complete construction of sea dikes Nam Dinh Vu creating sustainable development south of EZ whole Striving to achieve occupancy rates average land area of industrial parks: Nam Cau Kien, Anyang, VSIP, Trang Due and Do Son and Dinh Vu (phase II), MP Dinh Vu on 50% (target was Resolution 70-80%) For Japanese investors, focusing on attracting industries: automobile manufacturing and auto parts; electronics; shipbuilding; environment and energy saving; agricultural machinery; processed agricultural and fisheries At the same time calling for investment emphasis on social services such as hotel, education, healthcare of international standards CONCLUSION 13 Understanding and appropriate application Strategic Management helps managers and business leaders / unit have ideas, plans, directions and appropriate decisions to achieve the desired results of management; leverage Strategic Management is an important step to creating success, achieved good results in the process of management and business management With qualifications and abilities are limited, further penetrating the actual time should not much content not avoid certain mistakes Students look forward to the input of the Master to acquire, supplement, modify; to process applications Strategic management activities of the business are excellent; contribute to the maintenance, sustainable development of the Management Board of Hai Phong EZ in particular and promote the development of enterprises in Hai Phong city in general I would like to thank the faculty - Prof Dr Vu Thanh Hung helped me have more knowledge and science base and the skills of Strategic Management in learning, in research and in the process Work / 14 ... to investment incentives regime Some IPs too close to people and not be exempted from land rent Technical infrastructure - outsize industrial society, EZ yet to meet development requirements and... Strategic Management helps managers and business leaders / unit have ideas, plans, directions and appropriate decisions to achieve the desired results of management; leverage Strategic Management... of the head limited investment, leading to delays in the construction of infrastructure, not meet the needs of existing investment and in the future Some IPs outside EZ also implemented the construction
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Xem thêm: Chiến lược thu hút FDI vào các KCN, KCX tại hải phòng trong thời gian tới e , Chiến lược thu hút FDI vào các KCN, KCX tại hải phòng trong thời gian tới e , Hai Phong city with the strength the sea, harbor international gateway but logistics is still underdeveloped. Haiphong have a specialized university training in the maritime industry but no formal training in logistics services that shortages led to sever

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