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Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang Chuyên đê 4: Từ loại Buổi 1: Tính từ Các hậu tố tính từ (adjective suffixes) PREFIX/ EXAMPLE FORMATION NOTES SUFFIX -ful Noun + -ful Helpful, beautiful, useful, painful -less Noun + -ful Homeless, careless, useless, painless -ly Noun + -ly Friendly, lovely, lively, lonely -al Noun + -al National, emotional -ous Noun + -ous Delicious, famous, continuous -ish Noun + -ish Mang nghĩa “khơng” (1) có liên hệ tới điển hình trẻ con, e.g.: childish handwriting (chữ viết trơng trẻ con) (2) (khi nói người lớn) hành xử ngu ngốc, ấu trĩ trẻ con, e.g.: Don’t be so childish! (Đừng có trẻ chứ!) (3) dùng với màu sắc  mang nghĩa “hơi hơi”, e.g.: yellowish (hơi vàng), reddish (hơi đỏ), -y Noun + -y greenish (hơi xanh) Sunny, rainy, windy, cloudy, stormy Thường dùng với từ thời tiết -like Noun + -like Womanlike, girl-like, childlike -ic Noun + -ic Economic, historic, specific -ed Noun + -ed Interested, excited -ing Noun + -ing Interesting, exciting Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang -proof Noun + -proof Waterproof -some Noun + -some Handsome, awesome, troublesome, quarrelsome -ive Verb/ noun + - Active, passive, decisive ive -ent Verb + -ent Independent -able/ble Verb + -able Comfortable, acceptable, reasonable Vegetable adj -ant Verb + -ant Relevant, ignorant Vị trí tính từ a Thường đứng trước danh từ: a quiet restaurant = nhà hàng yên tĩnh a new car = xe ô tô b Đứng sau động từ liên kết: be, taste, smell, sound, look, feel, get, stay, appear, become, seem The girl is beautiful = Cơ gái đẹp This coffee tastes good = Cà phê có vị thơm ngon Ngoại lệ:  Một số tính từ ln xuất trước danh từ mà thơi: Những tính từ bao gồm main, only, indoor, outdoor, inner, outer, principal, former, upper, elder, eldest, little (small) - Be careful crossing the main road - She was the only person to turn up at the meeting = Cô người đến buổi họp - Indoor swimming pools are quickly becoming incredibly popular - I'm not really the outdoor type (= I prefer indoor activities) - An inner voice told him that what he was doing was wrong - You can touch the outer layers of the skin - New roads will link the principal cities of the area Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang - This beautiful old building has been restored to its former glory - The upper lip - John is my elder brother/ the eldest brother in my family - It’s a nice little house Tính từ dùng sau The The + adj: dùng để nhóm người : a Chỉ vị trí kinh tế, xã hội The disadvantaged = người bị thiệt thòi The underprivileged = người bị thiệt thòi quyền lợi The homeless = người vơ gia cư The hungry = người bị đói The poor = người nghèo b Chỉ tình trạng thể/ sức khỏe The rich = người giàu The starving = người đói ăn The weak = người yếu The strong = người mạnh The unemployed = người thất nghiệp The deaf = người điếc The blind = người mù The disabled = người bị tàn tật The handicapped = người bị tật nguyền c Chỉ tuổi tác The young = người trẻ The elderly = người cao tuổi Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang The dead = người The living = người sống The sick = người bệnh The old = người già The middle-aged = người trung niên Một số tính từ sử dụng sau danh từ tương tự mênh đề tính từ Cách sử dụng phổ biến với tính từ tận able/ ible  Send all the tickets available/ available tickets (…tickets which are available) Dùng tính từ sau something, everything, anything, nothing, somebody, anywhere…  Have you read anything interesting lately?  Let’s go somewhere quiet Động từ + tân ngữ + tính từ I will get the car ready = Tôi chuẩn bị xe sẵn sàng Let’s paint the bedroom blue = Hãy sơn phòng ngủ màu xanh The film made me sad = Bộ phim làm cho buồn He found the book difficult to understand = Anh ta nhận thấy sách khó hiểu Tính từ tận –ed/ V-ing Tính từ tận –ed interested, bored, excited, surprised…cho biết người ta cảm thấy (bị làm cho cảm thấy thế), tính từ tận –ing interesting, boring, exciting, surprising,… mô tả người vật gây cảm giác  I was very interested in the film = Tơi thích phim (Tơi cảm thấy thích/ Thích cảm giác tơi xem film)  The film was really interesting = Bộ phim thú vị (Bộ film gây cảm giác thích thú) Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang Bại tạ p vê tính từ He is not tall enough to ride the roller coaster yet He is too……… A high B short C bright D dull Your baby is so cute He is………………… A adorable B filthy C cautious D dim He is really daring and loves exciting, new escapades He is very……………… A scared B timid C sleepy D adventurous She is very beat and tidy She is very……………… A filthy B forceful C clean D short The sky is not cloudy They sky is very ……………….today A clear B dirty C fragile D glamorous That shirt is not dark and boring In fact, it’s very colorful and…………… A dull B muted C bright D tedious I can’t see anything because none of the lights are on in here It’s too……………… to see A shiny B bright C distinct D dark There are too many people here today It’s too…………… A empty B crowded C lonesome D homely She is not ugly In fact, she is the opposite She is very……………… A attractive B dim C aggressive D homely 10 He is not sleepy today Rather, he is very ………….and attentive A fancy B alert C cloudy D tall 11 Sometimes, he is forceful and assertive He is………………….at times A timid B unsightly C aggressive D spotless 12 This is not an interesting book It’s too……………….and tedious A dull B interesting C handsome D elegant 13 She is graceful and stylish and likes simple but beautiful designs She is…………… A elegant B enormous C sick D reckless 14 This book is not like the others It’s very different and………………… A similar B deadly C lifeless D distinct 15 This room is not clean at all In fact, it’s………………………… A filthy B weak C sturdy D durable 16 This restaurant is extravagant and expensive It looks very…………………… A beefy B trivial C thin D fancy 17 He is not a homely man Rather, he is quite…………………… A handsome B feeble C huge D unimportant 18 She is not trendy and modern She is…………………… Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A hip B cool C old-fashioned D chic 19 She is not glamorous She is very……………… A scenic B plain C sensational D thrilling 20 This diamond is very expensive It’s very rare and……………… A gloomy B gray C precious D unimportant 21 The café is charming and small It’s very……………… and I like it A quaint B queasy C quarrelsome D overcast 22 That ring is not dull and muted It’s very……………… A shiny B murky C dismal D miserable 23 This room is not dirty at all It’s……………… A grimy B polluted C soiled D spotless 24 That port is not nice to look at because it’s been abandoned and is very dirty It’s very……………… A fresh B unsightly C gorgeous D orderly 25 That dress is unique It’s quite………………… A akin B identical C unusual D comparable 26 His grades are not good but they aren’t that bad either He’s an……………………student A honor B remarkable C outstanding D average 27 The lights in this room are not bright at all The lights are very……………………in here A vivid B dazzling C intense D dim 28 I don’t have a lot of time to talk to you this week I’m very……………….with work at the moment A busy B idle C slothful D lazy 29 He is not reckless and careless He is very………………… A wild B rash C hasty D cautious 30 He is not stupid In fact, he is quite bright and…………………… A inattentive B obtuse C clever D daft 31 The machine is not safe to use It’s very…………… A dangerous B expecting C sound D secure 32 That painting is not real It is a copy so it’s…………………… A sociable B breakable C fake D tiny 33 The sky is not clear today It’s…………………… A cloudy B harmful C reliable D bubbly 34 I am not bored and uninterested I am …………………….and interested A small B confined C safe D excited 35 The weather is not calm and peaceful It’s thundery and……………… A quiet B stormy C private D weak 36 That question was not difficult It was………………… A caring B cruel C easy 37 She is not outgoing and sociable at first She is………………… Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang D helpless Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A shy B friendly C extroverted D departing 38 That painting is unlike the others It’s very ……………… and unusual A ordinary B familiar C regular D different 39 He is not weak and frail He is very……………… A feeble B puny C strong D tired 40 He is not energetic and alert right now He is very tired and …………………… A exhausted B aware C watchful D ready 41 That machine is not fragile and breakable It’s very tough and ……………… A wobbly B well-built C rickety D ominous 42 He is not pleasant and agreeable He is rather……………………… A supportive B encouraging C annoying D dull 43 The Grand Canyon is not a tiny or small area It’s very……………… A minor B vast C puny D pretty 44 Babies are not independent or self-reliant They are generally very…………… A helpless B free C self-governing D freed 45 She is not humble and modest She is very………………… A arrogant B lazy C nervous D open 46 She is not calm and relaxed She is very……………………… A frantic B lonely C slow D lonesome 47 She is not dull and boring She is very sensational and…………………… A glamorous B ill C general D sick 48 He was not happy and cheerful last night He was very ……………………and irritable A calm B grumpy C broken D easy-going 49 That family is living on the streets They are…………………………… A homely B ornery C homeless D dangerous 50 She is not well and healthy She is………………………… A vigorous B hearty C ill D laid-back ĐÁP ÁN BÁI TÁ P TINH TỪ He is not tall enough to ride the roller coaster yet He is too……… A high B short C bright D dull  Đáp án B not tall enough = không đủ cao (= short: thấp) Your baby is so cute He is………………… A adorable B filthy C cautious D dim  Đáp án A cute = adorable: đáng yêu He is really daring and loves exciting, new escapades He is very……………… A scared B timid C sleepy D adventurous Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang  Đáp án D escapade: hành động phiêu lưu; adventurous:thích phiêu lưu, mạo hiểm She is very neat and tidy She is very……………… A filthy B forceful C clean D short  Đáp án C neat and tidy = ngăn nắp gọn gang; clean: The sky is not cloudy They sky is very ……………….today A clear B dirty C fragile D glamorous  Đáp án A not cloudy = khơng có mây Clear: sáng sủa(trời) That shirt is not dark and boring In fact, it’s very colorful and…………… A dull B muted C bright D tedious  Đáp án C not dark and boring = colorful and bright I can’t see anything because none of the lights are on in here It’s too……………… to see A shiny B bright C distinct D dark  Đáp án D none of the lights are on = dark There are too many people here today It’s too…………… A empty B crowded C lonesome D homely  Đáp án B too many people = crowded She is not ugly In fact, she is the opposite She is very……………… A attractive B dim C aggressive D homely  Đáp án A not ugly, gần nghĩa với attractive (lôi cuốn) 10 He is not sleepy today Rather, he is very ………….and attentive A fancy B alert C cloudy D tall  Đáp án B alert: tỉnh táo 11 Sometimes, he is forceful and assertive He is………………….at times A timid B unsightly C aggressive D spotless  Đáp án C forceful and assertive: mạnh mẽ đốn Aggressive: nổ, xơng xáo 12 This is not an interesting book It’s too……………….and tedious A dull B interesting C handsome  Đáp án A not interesting = dull: chán ngắt, buồn tẻ D elegant 13 She is graceful and stylish and likes simple but beautiful designs She is…………… A elegant B enormous C sick D reckless  Đáp án A Câu nghĩa là: Cô duyên dáng, phong cách thích thiết kế đơn giản đẹp Cô lịch/ tao nhã 14 This book is not like the others It’s very different and………………… A similar B deadly C lifeless D distinct  Đáp án D distinct = different: khác biệt 15 This room is not clean at all In fact, it’s………………………… A filthy B weak C sturdy Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang D durable Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang  Đáp án A filthy (bẩn thỉu) = not clean 16 This restaurant is extravagant and expensive It looks very…………………… A beefy B trivial C thin D fancy  Đáp án D extravagant: đắt đỏ (về giá = pricey) 17 He is not a homely man Rather, he is quite…………………… A handsome B feeble C huge  Đáp án A homely: thô kệch (người, nét mặt) D unimportant 18 She is not trendy and modern She is…………………… A hip B cool C old-fashioned D chic  Đáp án C not trendy and modern (không hợp thời, không đại) = old-fashioned(không hợp thời, lạc hậu) 19 She is not glamorous She is very……………… A scenic B plain C sensational  Đáp án B not glamorous (không đẹp,quyến rũ); plain: mộc mạc D thrilling 20 This diamond is very expensive It’s very rare and……………… A gloomy B gray C precious  Đáp án C precious: quý giá/ quý báu D unimportant 21 She is not well and healthy She is………………………… A vigorous B hearty C ill 22 That ring is not dull and muted It’s very……………… A shiny B murky C dismal  Đáp án A shiny: sáng bóng 23 This room is not dirty at all It’s……………… A grimy B polluted C soiled  Đáp án D spotless: sẽ, tinh tươm D laid-back D miserable D spotless 24 That port is not nice to look at because it’s been abandoned and is very dirty It’s very……………… A fresh B unsightly C gorgeous D orderly  Đáp án B unsightly: xấu xí, khơng đẹp mắt fresh: tươi mới, gorgeous: lộng lẫy, orderly: trật tự, có trật tự 25 That dress is unique It’s quite………………… A akin B identical C unusual  Đáp án C unique: độc đáo Unusual: khác thường; D comparable 26 His grades are not good but they aren’t that bad either He’s an……………………student Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A honor B remarkable C outstanding D average  Đáp án D not good but not bad either = average 27 The lights in this room are not bright at all The lights are very……………………in here A vivid B dazzling C intense D dim  Đáp án D Not bright = dim: tối lờ mờ 28 I don’t have a lot of time to talk to you this week I’m very……………….with work at the moment A busy B idle C slothful D lazy  Đáp án A don’t have a lot of time (kết quả) = be busy (nguyên nhân) 29 He is not reckless and careless He is very………………… A wild B rash C hasty D cautious  Đáp án D not reckless and careless = cautious: thận trọng, cẩn trọng 30 He is not stupid In fact, he is quite bright and…………………… A inattentive B obtuse C clever D daft  Đáp án C not stupid, quite bright and clever: không ngốc ngếch, hoạt bát khôn ngoan 31 The machine is not safe to use It’s very…………… A dangerous B expecting C sound D secure  Đáp án A not safe = dangerous 32 That painting is not real It is a copy so it’s…………………… A sociable B breakable C fake D tiny  Đáp án C not real = fake 33 The sky is not clear today It’s…………………… A cloudy B harmful C reliable D bubbly  Đáp án A not clear = cloudy 34 I am not bored and uninterested I am …………………….and interested A small B confined C safe D excited  Đáp án D not bored >< excited 35 The weather is not calm and peaceful It’s thundery and……………… A quiet B stormy C private D weak  Đáp án B stormy: giông tố, thundery: sấm chớp 36 That question was not difficult It was………………… A caring B cruel C easy D helpless  Đáp án C easy = not difficult 37 She is not outgoing and sociable at first She is………………… A shy B friendly C extroverted D departing  Đáp án A not outgoing and sociable = shy: bẽn lẽn, e thẹn 38 That painting is unlike the others It’s very ……………… and unusual A ordinary B familiar C regular D different  Đáp án D be unlike others = be different 39 He is not weak and frail He is very……………… Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A feeble B puny C strong D tired  Đáp án C not weak and frail: không yếu đuối, không ẻo lả 40 He is not energetic and alert right now He is very tired and …………………… A exhausted B aware C watchful D ready  Đáp án A not energetic and alert: thiếu sinh lực, thiếu tỉnh táo Exhausted: kiệt sức, mệt lừ 41 That machine is not fragile and breakable It’s very tough and ……………… A wobbly B well-built C rickety D ominous  Đáp án B not fragile and breakable: không yếu ớt, không dễ vỡ tough and well-built:dẻo dai lực lưỡng 42 He is not pleasant and agreeable He is rather……………………… A supportive B encouraging C annoying D dull  Đáp án C not pleasant and agreeable: không thoải mái khó ý, annoying = khó chịu, làm bực 43 The Grand Canyon is not a tiny or small area It’s very……………… A minor B vast C puny D pretty  Đáp án B tiny and small: bé tí nhỏ Vast: rộng lớn, mênh mông 44 Babies are not independent or self-reliant They are generally very…………… A helpless B free C self-governing D freed  Đáp án A helpless = không tự lo liệu được; self-reliant = tự lực 45 She is not humble and modest She is very………………… A arrogant B lazy C nervous D open  Đáp án A humble and modest: nhún nhường khiêm tốn Arrogant: kiêu ngạo 46 She is not calm and relaxed She is very……………………… A frantic B lonely C slow D lonesome  Đáp án A frantic: điên cuồng, điên rồ 47 She is not dull and boring She is very sensational and…………………… A glamorous B ill C general D sick  Đáp án A sensational and glamorous:gây náo động dư luận đẹp say đắm 48 He was not happy and cheerful last night He was very ……………………and irritable A calm B grumpy C broken D easy-going  Đáp án B grumpy and irritable: gắt gỏng cáu kỉnh 49 That family is living on the streets They are…………………………… A homely B ornery C homeless D dangerous  Đáp án C homeless: vô gia cư 50 The café is charming and small It’s very……………… and I like it A quaint B queasy C quarrelsome D overcast  Đáp án A quaint: cổ kính, có nét cổ Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang BUỔI 2: TÍNH TỪ (tiếp) Exercise 1: Complete the sentences for each situation Use the word given + the ending –ing or –ed The film wasn’t as good as we had expected (disappoint-) a The film was ……………………… b We were ……………… with the film Diana teaches young children It’s a very hard job but she enjoys it (exhaust-) a She enjoys her job but it’s often………………… b At the end of a day’s work, she is often……………………… It’s been raining all day I hate this weather (depress-) a This weather is……………………… b This weather makes me……………………… c It’s silly to get…………………… because of the weather Clare is going to the United States next month She has never been there before (excit-) a It will be an……………experience for her b Going to new places is always………………… c She is really………………… about going to the United States Exercise 2: Choose A, B, C or D that best fits the blank He is much admired for his skills A technical B technician C technically D techniques Thanks very much for your response A speed B speedily C speedy D speeded My teacher always smiles at me in a way whenever I see her A friendly B friendship C friend D friendliness It would be for you to stay here A danger B endangers C dangers D dangerous The country has had many disasters recently A nature B natural C naturalist D natured 10 All of us were at her success A surprise B surprised C surprising D surprisingly 11 The river has been seriously A pollution B pollutant C polluted D unpolluted 12 She has been played an part in the smooth running of the business A essential B essentially C essence D essentials 13 The system is impossible to deal with most of the time A practical B practically 14 He said he wanted to speak to me A privacy B privately C practice D practicality C privatize D private Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang 15 I feel so and sleepy today because I worked late last night A tire B tired C tiring D tiredness 16 I don’t think that film is A bore B bored C boring D boringly 17 He felt with the results of his exam A disappointing B disappointed C disappointedly D disappointment 18 I’m afraid I’m not really to comment on this matter A quality B qualifying C qualified D qualitative 19 It’s sometimes when you have to ask people for money A embarrassing B embarrass C embarrassed D embarrassment 20 I had never expected to get the job I was really when I was offered it A amazing B Amazon C amaze D amazed Exercise 3: Write the following in another way using the first…/ the next…/the last… E.g.: The first day and the second day of the course  the first two days of the course 21 Next week and the week after  22 Yesterday and the day before yesterday  23 The first week and the second week of September  24 Tomorrow and a few days after that   Exercise 4: Put the adjectives in brackets in the correct position 25 A beautiful table (wooden/ round) 26 An unusual ring (gold) 27 A metal box (black/ small) 28 A little village (old/ lovely) 29 An old painting (interesting/ French) 30 An enormous umbrella (red/ yellow) Exercise 5: Choose the one answer (A, B, C or D) which best fits the space 31 I am very by the complaints that have been made against you A disturbing B disturbed C disturbance D disturb 32 His sister is always _ dressed A convention B conventionally C conventionalized D conventional 33 The service was attentive, but the food was A acceptance B accepted C unacceptable D unacceptably 34 They were very when they choose the members of the academy team A selections B selectively C selected D selective 35 The old wreck was _ located southwest of Florida A presumption B presume C presumably D presumable 36 The river has been polluted with toxic waste from factories Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A local B locate C locally 37 Smoke and waste from these areas has seriously polluted air A industrious B industry C industrial 38 We should control population growth as our resources are A limitless B limited C limitation 39 Information must be stored so that it is from accidental A security B securely C secure 40 The old man has been for several years now A died B dead C dying 41 We could make better of our resources A use B useful C usage 42 You cannot grow crops on land A exhaustion B exhausted C exhausting 43 There are many species that need human protection A dangerous B endangered C danger 44 The disease spread to the rest of the country A subsequent B subsequently C sequence 45 Jim has been with his new job recently A occupied B occupation C occupational 46 I don’t think I am of doing it myself A capability B capable C capacity 47 The film gives us insight into life in Brazil A value B valuable C invaluable 48 This isolated area is _ only by the helicopter A access B accessible C inaccessible 49 Thanks to her skills, she was offered the job A manageable B management C manager 50 Jean is and helpful in the classroom A cooperate B operation C cooperatively D locality D industrialize D limit D secures D death D usefully D exhaust D dangerously D sequences D occupying D capably D devalue D accessibility D managerial D cooperative ĐÁP ÁN BÁI TÁ P TINH TỪ BUỔI Exercise 1: Complete the sentences for each situation Use the word given + the ending –ing or –ed The film wasn’t as good as we had expected (disappoint-) a The film was disappointing  Dùng –ing miêu tả tính chất film b We were disappointed with the film  Dùng –ed miêu tả cảm giác đối tượng “we” – Diana teaches young children It’s a very hard job but she enjoys it (exhaust-) Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang a She enjoys her job but it’s often exhausting  “eshausting” = làm kiệt sức, làm mệt lử/ making you feel very tired b At the end of a day’s work, she is often exhausted  “exhausted” nói cảm giác sau ngày làm việc It’s been raining all day I hate this weather (depress-) a This weather is depressing  miêu tả tính chất thời tiết b This weather makes me depressed  miêu tả cảm giác “tơi”, cảm giác buồn chán thời tiết gây c It’s silly to get depressed because of the weather  đối tượng “get depressed” người nhiên bị ẩn Câu hiểu “(Tơi/ chúng ta) thật ngớ ngẩn bị buồn chán thời tiết Clare is going to the United States next month She has never been there before (excit-) a It will be an exciting experience for her  “exciting” tính chất “experience” – trải nghiệm thú vị b Going to new places is always exciting  “exciting” từ dùng để miêu tả tính chất “going to new places” – đến nơi mẻ c She is really excited about going to the United States  “excited” nói cảm giác hào hứng cô – she Exercise 2: Choose A, B, C or D that best fits the blank He is much admired for his skills A technical B technician C technically D techniques  Gạch chân vào “his” “skills”, tính từ sở hữu danh từ, ta cần tính từ Thanks very much for your response A speed B speedily C speedy D speeded  Speedy (adj) /`spi:di/ = quick, fast My teacher always smiles at me in a way whenever I see her A friendly B friendship C friend D friendliness  in + a/ an + adj + way: theo cách… = trạng từ cách thức It would be for you to stay here A danger B endangers C dangers D dangerous  Ở cần tính từ đứng sau “to be” The country has had many disasters recently A nature B natural C naturalist D natured  Ở cần tính từ đứng trước bổ nghĩa cho “disaster” 10 All of us were at her success A surprise B surprised C surprising D surprisingly  Ở cần tính từ đứng sau “were” (động từ to be) Ngồi nói đến cảm giác “chúng tơi” nên dùng tính từ –ed 11 The river has been seriously Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A pollution B pollutant C polluted D unpolluted  Ở cần tính từ nên loại A B A B danh từ Ngoài ra, gạch chân vào “seriously” (một cách nghiêm trọng), ta loại D (không bị ô nhiễm) Pollutant (n) chất gây ô nhiễm 12 She has been played an part in the smooth running of the business A essential B essentially C essence D essentials  Ở cần tính từ đứng mạo từ danh từ Play an essential part: đóng vai trò quan trọng C „Essence (n): chất, thực chất D Essential(s): (n) yếu tố cần thiết 13 The system is impossible to deal with most of the time A practical B practically C practice D practicality  Chỗ trống nằm “to be” tính từ, cần trạng từ Practically (adv): cách thực tế 14 He said he wanted to speak to me A privacy B privately C privatize D private  Chỗ trống nằm sau động từ speak nên chắn trạng từ Privately (adv): cách riêng 15 I feel so and sleepy today because I worked late last night A tire B tired C tiring D tiredness  Ở cần tính từ cảm giác “tơi”, phải dùng tính từ -ed 16 I don’t think that film is A bore B bored C boring D boringly  Ở cần tính từ miêu tả tính chất film, cần tính từ -ing 17 He felt with the results of his exam A disappointing B disappointed C disappointedly D disappointment  Ở cần tính từ cảm giác “he” cần dùng tính từ -ed 18 I’m afraid I’m not really to comment on this matter A quality B qualifying C qualified D qualitative  Ở cần tính từ cảm giác, nhận định người  cần tính từ -ed 19 It’s sometimes when you have to ask people for money A embarrassing B embarrass C embarrassed D embarrassment  Ở cần tính từ miêu tả tính chất việc “have to ask people for money”  cần tính từ -ing 20 I had never expected to get the job I was really when I was offered it A amazing B Amazon C amaze D amazed  Ở cần tính từ nói cảm xúc “tơi”  cần tính từ -ed Exercise 3: Write the following in another way using the first…/ the next…/the last… 21 Next week and the week after  The next two weeks 22 Yesterday and the day before yesterday  The last two days 23 The first week and the second week of September  The first two weeks of September 24 Tomorrow and a few days after that  The next few days Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang Exercise 4: Put the adjectives in brackets in the correct position 25 A beautiful table (wooden/ round)  a beautiful round wooden table 26 An unusual ring (gold)  an unusual gold ring 27 A metal box (black/ small)  a small black metal box 28 A little village (old/ lovely)  a lovely little old village 29 An old painting (interesting/ French)  an interesting old French painting 30 An enormous umbrella (red/ yellow)  an enormous red and yellow umbrella Exercise 5: Choose the one answer (A, B, C or D) which best fits the space 31 I am very by the complaints that have been made against you A disturbing B disturbed C disturbance D disturb  Disturbed (a): cảm thấy bị làm phiền 32 His sister is always _ dressed A convention B conventionally C conventionalized D conventional  Conventionally (adv): theo lối cổ truyền 33 The service was attentive, but the food was A acceptance B accepted C unacceptable D unacceptably  Attentive (adj): chu đáo, ân cần; unacceptable (adj): chấp nhận 34 They were very when they choose the members of the academy team A selections B selectively C selected D selective  Selected (kén chọn, khó tính) # Selective (có chọn lọc) 35 The old wreck was _ located southwest of Florida A presumption (tính tự phụ) B presume (cho là, coi là) C presumably /prɪ`zju:məbli/ nghĩ D presumable (có thể cho đúng) 36 The river has been polluted with toxic waste from factories A local (adj) thuộc địa phương B locate (v) đặt C locally (adv) mang tính địa phương D locality (n) / ləʊ`kæləti/ nơi ở, vùng, địa phương 37 Smoke and waste from these areas has seriously polluted air A industrious = working hard, busy B industry C industrial D industrialize 38 We should control population growth as our resources are A limitless B limited (adj) có hạn C limitation 39 Information must be stored so that it is from accidental A security B securely C secure 40 The old man has been for several years now died B dead (adj): chết C dying 41 We could make better of our resources Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang D limit D secures D death Sưu tầm biên soạn: Đỗ Huyền Trang A use (n) sử dụng B useful C usage (n) cách sử dụng D usefully 42 You cannot grow crops on land A exhaustion B exhausted (adj) + land: đất khô cằn C exhausting (adj): làm cho kiệt sức, làm mệt lử/ making you feel very tired D exhaust 43 There are many species that need human protection A dangerous B endangered (adj) species: loài bị đe dọa tuyệt chủng C danger D dangerously 44 The disease spread to the rest of the country A subsequent B subsequently /`sʌbsɪkwəntli/ (adv) sau đó, đến sau, xảy sau C sequence D sequences 45 Jim has been with his new job recently A occupied (adj): bận rộn B occupation C occupational (adj): có liên quan đến nghề nghiệp D occupying 46 I don’t think I am of doing it myself A capability B capable(adj) + of smth/ doing smth: có khả làm C capacity D capably 47 The film gives us insight into life in Brazil A value B valuable /`vỉljuəbl/ (có giá trị, hữu dụng, quan trọng) C invaluable D devalue 48 This isolated area is _ only by the helicopter A access B accessible (adj): có khả vào, thâm nhập vào C inaccessible D accessibility 49 Thanks to her skills, she was offered the job A manageable B management C manager D managerial /,mænə`dʒɪəriəl/ (adj) có liên quan tới quản lý 50 Jean is A cooperate and helpful in the classroom B operation C cooperatively Nhóm ơn luyện tiếng anh thi đại học với chị Trang D cooperative (adj) ... tính từ sử dụng sau danh từ tương tự mênh đề tính từ Cách sử dụng phổ biến với tính từ tận able/ ible  Send all the tickets available/ available tickets (…tickets which are available) Dùng tính. .. tiredness  Ở cần tính từ cảm giác “tơi”, phải dùng tính từ đuôi -ed 16 I don’t think that film is A bore B bored C boring D boringly  Ở cần tính từ miêu tả tính chất film, cần tính từ -ing 17 He... be” tính từ, cần trạng từ Practically (adv): cách thực tế 14 He said he wanted to speak to me A privacy B privately C privatize D private  Chỗ trống nằm sau động từ speak nên chắn trạng từ Privately
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