bài tập nhóm chị mai tháng 8 2018

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BÀI TÀP NHOM CHI MÀI THÀNG 8-2018 I 1: A innocent B nevertheless C contents D supermarket 2: A argument B enquiry C medicine D justify 3: A convenience B mechinic C preference D official 4: A conSIderate B deLIberate C uNIversity D CIrcumstance 5: A Apply B Anthem C Appear D Attend p n tr ng m r i v o m ti t th -innocent /'inəsnt/ - nevertheless /,nevəðə'les/ -contents /kɒn'tents/ -supermarket /'su:pəmɑ:kit/ tr ng m r i v o m ti t th - argument /'ɑ:gjʊmənt/ - enquiry /in'kwaiəri/ - medicine /'medsn/ - justify /'dʒʌstifai/ tr ng m r i v o m ti t th - convenience /kən'vi:niəns/ - mechanic /mə'kænik/ - preference /'prefrəns/ - official /ə'fi∫l/ D - conSIderate /kən'sidərət/ - deLIberate /di'libərət/ - uNIversity /ju:ni'vɜ:səti/ - CIrcumstance /'sɜ:kəmstəns/ B - Apply /ə'plai/ - Anthem /'ænθəm/ - Appear /ə'piə/ - Attend /ə'tend/ II The universal symbol of the Internet era communications, the @ sign used in e-mail addresses to signify the word "at", is (1) _ a 500-year-old invention of Italian merchants, a Rome academic has revealed Giorgio Stabile, a science professor at La Sapienza University, (2) _ to have stumbled on the earliest known example of the symbol's use, as a(n) (3) _ of a measure of weight or volume He says the sign represents an amphora, a measure of (4) _ based on the terracotta jars used to transport grain and liquid in the ancient Mediterranean world The professor (5) _ toe ancient symbol in the course of research for a visual history of the 20th century, to be published by the Treccani Encyclopedia The first (6) _ instance of its use, he says, occurred in a letter written by a Florentine merchant on May 4, 1536 He says the sign made its (7) _ along trade routes to northern Europe, where it came to represent 'at the price of, its contemporary accountancy (8) _ Professor Stabile believes that Italian banks may possess even earlier documents (9) _ the symbol lying forgotten in their archives The oldest example could be of great value "It could be used (10) _ publicity purposes and to enhance the prestige of the institution that owned it," he says The race is on between the mercantile world and the banking world to see who has the oldest documentation of @ 1: A actually B truly C essentially D accurately 2: A says B states C claims D tells 3: A proof B sign C evidence D indication 4: A ability B capacity C capability D facility 5: A exposed B unearthed C dug D devised 6: A known B knowing C knowable D knowledgeable 7: A line B means C way D method 8: A sense B important C meaning D understanding 9: A taking B carrying C delivering D bearing 10: A on B for C with D by p n 1.A ctually: th c v y, th t v y C laims: n b , y u s ch D indication: bi u th , bi u l B apacity: s c ch a, c ng su t B nearthed: m ra, kh m ph ra, A C Make its way C a nh s ng eaning: ngh a D earing: ch a ng 10 B heo c u tr c be used for: c d ng III 1.It is difficult to _ the exact meaning of an idiom in a foreign language A convert B convey C exchange D transfer Deborah is going to take extra lessons to what she missed while she was away A catch up on B cut down on C put up with I have English classes _ day – on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays A all other B each other C every other D this and the other be needed, the water basin would need to be dammed A Hydroelectric power should B When hydroelectric power C Hydroelectric power D Should hydroelectric power here is a huge amount of associated with children’s V shows nowadays A produce B manufacturing C merchandising D sales p n 1.B a th y tr ng c n i n l m t ng t , v ―meaning‖ v l ng t ―convey‖ ng t n y c th k t h p vc i danh t A atch up on: h c b l i cut down on: c t gi m put up with: ch u ng take up with: giao thi p v i C a th y tr ng l m t l ng t v ngh a c a t n y cg i ondays, ednesdays, ridays‖ v c ngh a l c ch ng y c m t ph a sau ―on A.all other: t t c nh ng ng y kh c: danh t ph i l s nhi u - kh ng ph h p each other: l n nhau, kh ng k t h p v i danh t this and the other: c i n y v c i c n l i D a th y ph n tr ng c u c n c li n t , ch ng v ng t khuy t thi u v c ng t nguy n th be n i v i m nh ― the water basin would need to be dammed‖ V y l ph n r t g n c a m nh f u m nh f c ch a should d ngd n i m t kh n ng r t kh x y c a m t s vi c n o ho c d ng c c c u ngh r t l ch s th ta c th l c b f v thay v o v tr b ng should thi u li n t thi u ng t khuy t thi u ho c n u kh ng d ng be ph i thi u li n t v c chia th hi n t i ng t khuy t thi u C a th y tr ngc n i n l m t dnah t v danh t n y V shows‖ vi c s n xu t vi c s n xu t theo d y chuy n doanh s cg i c m t ―children’s IV CLOSEST 1.Although monkeys occasionally (menace) their enemies, they are usually not dangerous unless they are provoked A pursue B consume C threaten D kill After receiving her check, Suzy (endorsed) it and took it to the bank A destroyed B signed C folded D deposited Jim's decided to buy a phonograph even though they are now (redundant) A old-fashioned B reproduced C unnecessary D quaint OPPOSITE can’t stand people who treat who treat animals cruelly A cleverly B reasonably C gently D brutally Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity (preserve) A.reveal B.conserve C.cover D.presume p n 1.C hreaten menace: e d a B ndorsed signed: ch ng th c, vi t v o ph a sau, k C nnecessary redundant: kh ng c n n, th a th i C ently: nh nh ng, d u d ng cruelly: th b o, c c A eveal: l , ti t l preserve: gi , tr , b o to n V 1.The reason he wants to take a leaving of absence is that he needs a complete rest A The B leaving C that he D complete His boss has asked him to respond immediately this fax A His boss B has asked C to respond D immediately It is the writing English that causes difficulties to foreigners A the writing B that C difficulties D foreigners The diameter of the Sun is more than one hundred times greater than the Earth A The B more than C times D greater than Foreign students who are doing a decision about which school to attend may not know exactly where the choices are located A are doing B about which C to attend D the choices p n 1.B Leaving => leave ake a leave: ngh ph p B Has asked => asked heo c u tr c gi n ti p A The writing => written ritten nglish: ti ng nh vi t D Greater than => greater than that V that thay th cho ―the diameter‖ A Are doing => are making u tr c: make a decision: quy t nh VI A number of factors related to the voice reveal the personality of the speaker The first is the broad area of communication, which includes imparting information by use of language, communicating with a group or an individual and specialized communication through performance A person conveys thoughts and ideas through choice of words, by a tone of voice that is pleasant or unpleasant, gentle or harsh, by the rhythm that is inherent within the language itself, and by speech rhythms that are flowing and regular or uneven and hesitant, and finally, by the pitch and melody of the utterance When speaking before a group, a person's tone may indicate uncertainty or fright, confidence or calm At interpersonal levels, the tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen, or may believe them Here the participant’s tone can consciously or unconsciously reflect intuitive sympathy or antipathy, lack of concern or interest, fatigue, anxiety, enthusiasm or excitement, all of which are usually discernible by the acute listener Public performance is a manner of communication that is highly specialized with its own techniques for obtaining effects by voice and /or gesture The motivation (derived) from the text, and in the case of singing, the music, in combination with the performer's skills, personality, and ability to create empathy will determine the success of artistic, political, or pedagogic communication Second, the voice gives psychological clues to a person's self-image, perception of others, and emotional health Self-image can be indicated by a tone of voice that is confident, pretentious, shy, aggressive, outgoing, or exuberant, to name only a few personality traits Also the sound may give a clue to the facade or mask of that person, for example, a shy person hiding behind an overconfident front How a speaker perceives the listener's receptiveness, interest, or sympathy in any given conversation can (drastically) alter the tone of presentation, by encouraging or discouraging the speaker Emotional health is (evidenced) in the voice by free and melodic sounds of the happy, by constricted and harsh sound of the angry, and by dull and lethargic qualities of the depressed Question 1: What does the passage mainly discuss? A The function of the voice in performance B Communication styles C The connection between voice and personality D The production of speech Question 2: What does the author mean by staring that, "At interpersonal levels, tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen" in lines 9- 10? A Feelings are expressed with different words than ideas are B The tone of voice can carry information beyond the meaning of words C A high tone of voice reflects an emotional communication D Feelings are more difficult to express than ideas Question 3: The word "Here" in line refers to _ A interpersonal interactions B the tone C ideas and feelings D words chosen Question 4: The word "derived" in line 13 is closest in meaning to A discussed B prepared C registered D obtained Question 5: Why does the author mention "artistic, political, or pedagogic communication" in line 17 - 18? A As examples of public performance B As examples of basic styles of communication C To contrast them to singing D To introduce the idea of self-image Question 6: According to the passage, an exuberant tone of voice may be an indication of a person's _ A general physical health B personality C ability to communicate D vocal quality Question 7: According to the passage, an overconfident front may hide _ A hostility B shyness C friendliness D strength Question 8: The word "drastically" in line 14 is closest in meaning to A frequently B exactly C severely D easily Question 9: The word "evidenced" in line 15 is closest in meaning to A questioned B repeated C indicated D exaggerated Question 10: According to the passage, what does a constricted and harsh voice indicate? A Lethargy B Depression C Boredom D Anger p n 1.C y l c u h i v ch nh c a b i h c a c c c u u ti n c a o n ho c m i o n (câu ch suy ch nh c a b i ho c o n u ti n o n m b i v o n n y c ch a ch c a b i th ng l c u cu i c a o n m b i v nguwoif ta g i c u n y l thesis statement) Vai tr c a gi ng n i bi u di n c phong c ch giao ti p u tr nh t o l i n i B y l c u h i v c a t c gi a m t r i ch n ph ng n c t ng ng nh c m c di n ki n V v y ta ph i hi u t b ng nh ng t kh c so v i di n c a ph t ng n t t t ng gi ng cao ph n nh m t l i n i t nh c m nh c m kh di n th nl ki n c c giao ti p li n nh n ― t interpersonal levels, the tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen, or may believe them Here …‖ m c giao ti p, gi ng i u c th ph n nh c c ki n v t nh c m qua t v v t ngo i ngh a c a t c d ng, ho c c th ph n nh sai nh ng ki n v t nh c m n y y… D erived: c l y t , xu t ph t t obtained: t c B y l c u h i v m c ch c a m t ph t ng n tr ng h p c a , l c m t c s d ng manner of communication c ch th c giao ti p A.l m v d c a bi u di n tr i l p c c ph y ta th y c c m t in the case of a m t v d i n h nh cho c c ng ch ng ng th c giao ti p n y v i h t gi i thi u kh i ni m h nh nh c nh n t nh c ch B a v o c m t ―an exuberant tone of voice‖ gi ng i u v c m t n y xu t hi n câu ―Self-image can be indicated by a tone of voice that is confident, pretentious, shy, aggressive, outgoing, or exuberant, to name only a few personality traits‖ nh c ch c th c th hi n b i m t gi ng i u t tin, t ph , th n th ng, hi u th ng, c i m hay y u i, y ch l m t v i v d v t nh c ch h v y t ng gi ng y u i c th l m t y u t th hi n t nh c ch c u m t ng i B a v o c m t ―an overconfident front‖ v c m t n y xu t hi n c u ―Also the sound may give a clue to the facade or mask of that person, for example, a shy person hiding behind an overconfident front‖ ng t nh v y, m gi ng n i c th gi p ta bi t c ―m t n ‖ c a ng i , ch ng h n nh m t nguwoif e th n gi u t nh c ch n y b ng c ch th hi n s t tin qu C Severely: m t c ch m nh m , gay g t, l n C vidence b ng ch ng indicate ch 10 D a v o t ―constricted and harsh voice‖ m t gi ng c c l c v g n v t n y xu t hi n ―by constricted and harsh sound of the angry” I 1: A sAYs B dEfinite C evEnt D Experience 2: A Hall B Honest C Heir D Hour 3: A musician B alive C melody D creation 4: A female B divide C regulate D bother 5: A medicine B computer C vehicle D battery p n 1.D experience /ik'spiəriəns/ A says /sez/ B definite /'definət/ C event /i'vent/ A hall /hɔ:l/ B honest /'ɒnist/ C heir /eə[r]/ D hour /'aʊə/ C melody /'melədi/ tr ng m r i v o m ti t th nh t c n l i r i v o m ti t th A musician /mju:'zi∫n/ B alive /ə'laiv/ D creation /kri:ei∫n/ B divide /di'vaid/ tr ng m r i v o m ti t th c n l i r i v o m ti t th nh t A female /'fi:meil/ C regulate /'regjuleit/ D bother /'bɒðə/ B computer /kəm'pju:tə[r]/ tr ng m r i v o m ti t th nh t A medicine /'medisn/ c n l i r i v o m ti t th C vehicle /'vi:əkl/ D battery /'bætri/ II Several famous people are left-handed, (1) Julius Caesar, Napoleon, and Albert Einstein Queen Victoria of England was also left-handed, (2) Prince Charles Paul Mc Carney of the Beatles plays (3) _ guitar the opposite way from other guitarists because he is left-handed Marilyn Monroe, the famous America star was also a leftie Are you a leftie (4) _ you write with your right hand? To understand (5) _ it is necessary to look at the brain The brain is (6) into two hemispheres The left hemisphere of the brain (7) the right side of the body, and the right hemisphere controls the left side Both of the sides of the body receive the same information (8) _ the brain because the two hemispheres are connected (9) , in the right-handed people, the left hemisphere is stronger In the lefthanded people, it is the right hemisphere (10) _ is stronger 1: A such as B so as C so that D such that 2: A is so and B and C and so is D and is so 3: A a B an C the D no article 4: A as B because C even D even though 5: A leftie B left-handedness C left-handed D left-hander 6: A divided B cut C subtracted D separated 7: A conquers B controls C contrasts D consists 8: A on B to C from D for 9: A In order that B Therefore C Never D However 10: A who B whom C that D where p n 1.A Several famous people are left-handed, such as Julius Caesar, Napoleon, and Albert Einstein t s ng i n i ti ng thu n tay tr i nh Julius Caesar, Napoleon, and Albert Einstein) C i n i t ng ng v i so c c u tr c: So be/tr d ng be adj n n v sau c ng s d ng be ng t ch ng V v uc u C S d ng the tr c c c lo i nh c c n i chung D Are you a leftie even though you write with your right hand? c ph i b n thu n tay tr i kh ng m c d b n ang vi t b ng tay ph i B h tr ng c n danh t o understand st: hi u v c i g eft-handedness: s thu n tay tr i sai v c c c u ph a sau o n n i v c ch ph t sinh s thu n tay tr i ng i ch kh ng ph i l hi u v nh ng ng i thu n tay tr i c t nh c ch, c i m ng i ntn) sai v ch tr ng c n danh t D left-hander = leftie A ivide: chia mang t nh ch t chia ph n lo i B The left hemisphere of the brain (7) the right side of the body, and the right hemisphere CONTROLS the left side C eceive st from st else: nh n th ng tin t c i g D 10 C Hemisphere: l m t dnah t ch v t b n c u n o n n d ng i t quan h that III 1.All _ is a continous supply of the basic nececessities of life A what is needed B for our needs C the thing needed D that is needed Issues from price, place, promotion, and product are of marketing strategies planning, despite growing calls to expand the range of issues in today’s more complex word A these that are among the most conventional concerns B among the most conventional concerns C they are among the most conventional concerns D those are among the most conventional concerns t’s a formal occasion so we’ll have to to the nines – no jeans and pullovers this time! A hitch up B up on C wear in D get dressed up Please cut my hair _ the style in this magazine A the same length as B the same length like C the same long like D the same long as Half of the children were away from scool last week because of _ os influenza A a break-out B a breakthrough C an outburst D an outbreak p n 1.D a th y tr ng c n i n l m t ph n c a ch ng v ch ng n y ph i ch nh c a c u l is what is needed l m t ch ng ho n ch nh n n n u ta ch n s tv ng t p n n y s th a ― ll‖ for our needs: cho nhu c u c a ch ng ta C the thing needed sai v sau ― ll‖ ph i k t h p danh t s nhi u n u danh t m c B a th y tr ng c n i n l ph n b ngh a cho ch ng v v y c danh t s nhi u t ng ng v i t issues A sai i t ch c ng ph i l m t c m t nh these sai v kh ng c li n t sai v kh ng c li n t D a th y tr ng l m t ng t n i v trang ph c nh ph n gi i th ch ―no jeans and pullovers‖ kh ng qu n b , o ph ng v i v i ―to the nines‖ et dressed up to the nines: m c ch nh t hitch up: k o trang ph c l n put on: m c qu n o d ng ch vi c m c qu n o th ng th ng v ngh a A a th y the same lu n i v i as v sau the same ph i l m t danh t , v long l t nh t , danh t l length an outbreak: s b ng ph t a th y ngh a c a t outbreak a break-out: n th B a breakthrough: s cg i t c m t were away from school ngh h c ng s d ng v i chi n tranh t ph khoa h c an outburst: s phun l a, s b c ph t IV CLOSEST 1.Bob walked into his house to find that his dog and two cats had gotten into (a freanzy) Cushions from his couch had been ripped over and emptied A struggle B parade C riot D celebration he debris on the stadium floor included numerous paper c p, ticket stubs, and cigarette butts A products B paper C furniture D trash The coach takes every opportunity to (censure) his players, yet he ignores every opportunity to praise them A criticize B admire C approve of D choose OPPOSITE I asked my teacher whether or not I was going to pass for the last six weeks Still seated at her desk, she looked up at me, narroed her eyes, and gave me an (ambiguous) smirk, looked back down at her work, and said nothing A clear B vague C adorable D anxious Joe was (reluctant) to take on the position of captain of the basketball team He was afraid that the time it would take would hurt his grades A determined B upset C disinclined D eager p n 1.C iot: cu c b o ng, nh a v o ng c nh ta th y ay l m t s vi c li n quan b r ch v n ch m o v chi c gh s pha struggle: s u tranh parade: cu c di u h nh celebration: l k ni m D rash: r c V ngh a c a t n y ta c th o n cd av oc cv d c a c u l nhi u c c gi y, cu ng v v m u thu c l y l nh ng v d c a r c A a v o li n t yet ta bi t c r ng c u n y c ch a v tr i ng c v i v v sau yet ta th y c c m t ignore every opportunity to praise them c ngh a l l c h i ca ng i h l ch tr ch im i A Ambiguous: m h clear: r r ng 5.D eluctant: mi n c ng earger: h o h c V 1.Tom remembered switching off the oven when he left, so there was nothing wrong this time A remembered B switching off C left D nothing wrong Harry, alike his colleagues, is trying hard to finish his work early A alike B is C hard D early The best-known members of the cabbage vegetable group includes head cabbage, cauliflower, and broccoli A best-known B vegetable C includes D cauliflower Almost oxygen atoms have eight neutrons, but a small number have nine or ten A Almost B have C number D or ten Laura is a very bright student who learns and all her course work very well A very bright B who learns C all D work VI Butterflies are among the most extensively studied insects—an estimated 90 percent of the world's species have scientific names As a (consequence), they are perhaps the best group of insects for examining patterns of terrestrial biotic diversity and distribution Butterflies also have a favorable image with the general public Hence, they are an excellent group for communicating information on science and conservation issues such as diversity Perhaps the aspect of butterfly diversity that has received the most attention over the past century is the (striking) difference in species richness between tropical and temperate regions For example, in 1875 one biologist pointed out the diversity of butterflies in the Amazon when he mentioned that about 700 species were found within an hour's walk, whereas the total number found on the British islands did not (exceed) 66, and the whole of Europe supported only 321 This early comparison of tropical and temperate butterfly richness has been well confirmed A general theory of diversity would have to predict not only this difference between temperate and tropical zones, but also patterns within each region, and how these patterns vary among different animal and plant groups However, for butterflies, variation of species richness within temperate or tropical regions, rather man between them, is poorly understood Indeed, comparisons of numbers of species among the Amazon basin, (tropical Asia), and Africa are still mostly "personal communication" citations, even for vertebrates, In other words, unlike comparison between temperate and tropical areas, these patterns are still in the documentation phase In documenting geographical variation in butterfly diversity, some arbitrary, practical decisions are made Diversity, number of species, and species richness are used synonymously; little is known about the evenness of butterfly distribution The New World butterflies make up the preponderance of examples because they are the most familiar species It is hoped that by focusing on them, the errors (generated) by imperfect and incomplete taxonomy will be minimized Question 1: Which aspect of butterflies does the passage mainly discuss? A Their physical characteristics B Their adaptation to different habitats C Their namesD Their variety Question 2: he word consequence in the passage is closest in meaning to "………… " A result B explanation C analysis D requirement Question 3: Butterflies are a good example for communicating information about conservation issues because they …………… A are simple in structure B have been given scientific names C are viewed positively by people D are found mainly in temperate climates Question 4: he word striking in the passage is closest in meaning to "…………… " A physical B confusing C noticeable D successful Question 5: he word exceed in the passage is closest in meaning to "……………" A locate B allow C go beyond D come close to Question 6: All of the followings are mentioned as being important parts of a general theory of diversity X P ……………… A differences between temperate and tropical zones B patterns of distribution of species in each region C migration among temperate and tropical zones D variation of patterns of distribution of species among different animals and plants Question 7: The author mentions tropical Asia in the passage as an example of a location where ……… A butterfly behavior varies with climate B a general theory of butterfly diversity has not yet been firmly established C butterflies are affected by human populations D documenting plant species is more difficult than documenting butterfly species Question 8: Which of the following is NOT well understood by biologists? A European butterfly habitats B Differences in species richness between temperate and tropical regions C Differences in species richness within a temperate or a tropical region D Comparisons of behavior patterns of butterflies and certain animal groups Question 9: The word generated in the passage is closest in meaning to "……………" A requested B caused C assisted D estimated p n 1.D b i c c u ch l ―Hence, they are an excellent group for communicating information on science and conservation issues such as diversity.‖ v v y, b m l m t nh m t v i vi c truy n h n nh t nh a d ng t th ng tin v khoa h c v c c v n b o t n ch ng A onsequence result : h qu C a v o ―Butterflies also have a favorable image with the general public Hence, they are an excellent group for communicating information on science and conservation issues such as diversity‖ a th y y c ―hence‖ v th l li n t d ng ch quan h nguy n nh n – h qu V th l cho vi c ―b m l m t nh m t v i vi c truy n t th ng tin v khoa h c v c c v n b o t n ch ng h n nh t nh a d ng‖ l v ―Butterflies also have a favorable image with the general public‖ C Striking noticeable: n i b t, ng ch C xceed: tr i, v t qu go beyond C B a v o ―A general theory of diversity would have to predict not only this difference between temperate and tropical zones, but also patterns within each region, and how these patterns vary among different animal and plant groups‖ B a v o ―However, for butterflies, variation of species richness within temperate or tropical regions, rather man between them, is poorly understood‖ B enerated caused: g y ra, t o ... Attend /ə'tend/ II The universal symbol of the Internet era communications, the @ sign used in e-mail addresses to signify the word "at", is (1) _ a 500-year-old invention of Italian merchants,... the angry, and by dull and lethargic qualities of the depressed Question 1: What does the passage mainly discuss? A The function of the voice in performance B Communication styles C The connection... incomplete taxonomy will be minimized Question 1: Which aspect of butterflies does the passage mainly discuss? A Their physical characteristics B Their adaptation to different habitats C Their
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