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Đọc hiểu The three phases of human memory are the sensory memory, the short-term memory, and the long- term memory This devision of the memory into phases is based on the length of time of the memory Sensory memory is instantaneous memory It is an image or memory that enters your mind only for a short period of time; it comes and goes in under a second The memory will not last longer than that unless the information enters the short-term memory Information can be held in the short-term memory for about twenty seconds or as long as you are actively using it If you repeat a fact to yourself, that fact will stay in your short-term memory as long as you keeprepeating it Once you stop repeating it, either it is forgotten or it moves into long term memory Long-term memory is the huge memory tank that can hold ideas and images for years and years Information can be added to your long-term memory when you actively try to put it there through memorization or when an idea or image enters your mind on its own Question 1: The best title for this pasage would be A The difference between sensory and short-term memory B How long it takes to memorize C The stages of human memory D Human phases Question 2: The three phases of memory discussed in the pasage are differentiated according to A The location in the brain B The period of time it takes to remember something C How the senses are involved in the memory D How long the memory lasts Question 3: The expression “is based on” in the first paragraph could be best replaced by A Is on the top of B is at the foot of C depends on D is below Question 4: According to the passage, which type of memory is the shortest? A Sensory memory B Active memory C Short-term memory D Long-term memory Question 5: According to the passage, when will information stay in your short-term memory? A For as long as twenty minutes B As long as it is being used C After you have repeated it many times D When it has moved into long-term memory Question 6: All of the following are TRUE about long – term memory EXCEPT that A it has a very large capacity B it can hold information C it is possible to put information into it through memorization D memorization is the only way that information can get there Question 7: he expression “on its own” in the last sentence can be best replaced by “ ” A by itself B in it own time C with its possessions D in only one way Question 8: It can be inferred from the passage that if a person remembers a piece of information for two days, this is probably A three phases of memeory B the sensory memory C the short-term memory D the long-term memory Telecommuting is some form of computer communication between employees’ homes and offices For employees whose job involve sitting at a terminal or word processor entering data or typing reports, the location of the computer is of no consequence If the machine can communicate over telephone lines, when the work is completed, employees can dial the office computer and transmit the material to their employers A recent survey in USA Today estimates that there are approximately 8,7 million telecommuters But although the numbers are rising annually, the trend does not appear to be as significant as predicted when Business Week published “The Portable Executive” as its cover story a few years ago Why hasn’t telecommuting become more popular? Clearly, change simply takes time But in addition, there has been active resistance on the part of many managers These executives claim that supervising the telecommuters in a large work force scattered across the country would be too difficult, or, at least, systems for managing them are not yet developed, thereby complicating the manager’s responsibilities It is also true that employees who are given the option of telecommuting are reluctant to accept the opportunity Most people feel that they need regular interaction with a group, and many are concerned that they will not have the same consideration for advancement if they are not more visible in the office setting Some people feel that even when a space in their homes is set aside as a work area, they never really get away from the office Question 9: With which of the following topics is the passage primarily concerned? A An overview of telecommuting B The failure of telecommuting C The advantages of telecommuting D A definition of telecommuting Question 10: How many Americans are involved in telecommuting? A More than predicted in Business Week B More than million C Fewer than last year D Fewer than estimated in USA Today Question 11: The phrase “of no consequence” means _ A of no use B irrelevant C of no good D unimportant Question 12: The author mentions all of the following as concerns of telecommuting, EXCEPT _ A the opportunities for advancement B the different system of supervision C the lack of interaction with a group D The work place is in the home Question 13: The word “them” in the second paragraph refers to A telecommuters B systems C.executives D responsibilities Question 14: The reason why telecommuting has not become popular is that the employees A need regular interaction with their families B are worried about the promotion if they are not seen at the office C feel that a work area in their home is away from the office D are ignorant of telecommuting Question 15: The word “reluctant” in the third paragraph can best be replaced by A opposite B willing C hesitant D typical FAMILY LIFE IN THE UNITED STATES Family life in the United States is changing Fifty or sixty years ago, the wife was called a “housewife” She cleaned, cooked, and cared for the children The husband earned the money for the family He was usually out working all day He came home tired in the evening, so he did not much housework And he did not see the children very much, except on weekends These days, however, more and more women work outside the home They cannot stay with the children all day They, too, come home tired in the evening They not want to spend the evening cooking dinner and cleaning up They not have time to clean the house and the laundry So who is going to the housework now? Who is going to take care of the children? Many families solve the problem of housework by sharing it In these families, the husband and wife agree to different jobs around the house, or they take turns doing each job For example, the husband always cooks dinner and the wife always does the laundry Or the wife cooks dinner on some nights and the husband cooks dinner on other nights Then there is the question of the children In the past, many families got help with child care from grandparents Now families usually not live near their relatives The grandparents are often too far away to help in a regular way More often, parents have to pay for child care help The help may be a babysitter or a day-care center The problem with t his kind of help is the high cost It is possible only for couples with jobs that pay well Parents may get another kind of help form the companies they work for Many companies now let people with children work part-time That way, parents can spend mo re time with their children Some husbands may even stop working for a while to stay with the children For these men there is a new word: they are called “househusbands” In the USA more and more men are becoming househusbands every year These changes in the home mean changes in the family Fathers can learn to understand their children better, and the children can get to know their fathers better Husbands and wives may also find changes in their marriage They, too, may have a better understanding of each other Question 16: Sixty years ago, most women A went out to work B had no children C did not much housework D were housewives Question 17: Nowadays, there are A more women going out to work than before B more and more women staying with the children all day C more work outside the home than before D more housewives than before Question 18: The word “laundry” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A tidying up B cooking and washing up C washing and ironing D shopping Question 19: It can be inferred from paragraph that A couples with low-paid jobs can’t afford the cost of a babysitter or a day-care center B grandparents can help care the children in a regular way C all couples with jobs can pay for help from a babysitter or a day-care center D in the past, grandparents did not help the couples with child care Question 20: The word “they” in paragraph refers to _ A husbands who stop working to stay with the children B fathers who spend more time with their children C parents who work part-time D children who spend more time with fathers than mothers Question 21: The changes in the American home mentioned in this passage may _ A help families B not happen C cause problems for a marriage D not change the children at all Question 22: This article is about A American men as househusbands B housewives in America C how more American women are working D how family life in America is changing Because writing has become so important in our culture, we sometimes think of it as more real than speech A little thought, however, will show w hy speech is primary and writing secondary to language Human beings have been writing (as far as we can tell from surviving evidence) for at least 5000 years; but they have been talking for much longer, doubtless ever since there have been human beings When writing did develop, it was derived from and represented speech, although imperfectly Even today there are spoken languages that have no written form Furthermore, we all learn to talk well before we learn to write; any human child who is not severely handicapped physically or mentally will learn to talk: a normal human being cannot be prevented from doing so On the other hand, it takes a special effort to learn to write In the past many intelligent and useful members of society did not acquire the skill, and even today many who speak languages with writing systems never learn to read or write, while some who learn the rudiments of those skills so only imperfectly To affirm the primacy of speech over writing is not, however, to disparage the latter One advantage writing has over speech is that it is more permanent and makes possible the records that any civilization must have Thus, if speaking makes us human, writing makes us civilized Question 23: We sometimes think of writing as more real than speech because A writing is secondary to language B human beings have been writing for at least 5000 years C it has become very important in our culture D people have been writing since there have been human beings Question 24: The author of the passage argues that A speech is more basic to language than writing B writing has become too important in today’s society C everyone who learns to speak must learn to write D all languages should have a written form Question 25: According to the passage, writing A is represented perfectly by speech B represents speech, but not perfectly C developed from imperfect speech D is imperfect, but less so than speech Question 26: Normal human beings A learn to talk after learning to write B learn t o write before learning to talk C learn to write and to talk at the same time D learn to talk before learning to write Question 27: Learning to write is A easy B too difficult C not easy D very easy Question 28: In order to show that learning to write requires effort, the author gives the example of _ A people who learn the rudiments of speech B severely handicapped children C intelligent people who couldn’t write D people who speak many languages Question 29: In the author’s judgment, A writing has more advantages than speech B writing is more real than speech C speech conveys ideas less accurately than writing does D speech is essential but writing has important benefits Question 30: The word “advantage” in the last paragraph most closely means A “rudiments” B “skill” C “domination” D “benefit” It used to be that people would drink coffee or tea in the morning to pick them up and get them going for the day Then cola drinks hit the market With lots of caffeine and sugar, these beverages soon became the pick-me-up of choice for many adults and teenagers Now drink companies are putting out so-called "energy drinks." These beverages have the specific aim of giving tired consumers more energy One example of a popular energy drink is Red Bull The company that puts out this beverage has stated in interviews that Red Bull is not a thirst quencher Nor is it meant to be a fluid replacement drink for athletes Instead, the beverage is meant to revitalize a tired consumer’s body and mind In order to this, the makers of Red Bull, and other energy drinks, typically add vitamins and certain chemicals to their beverages The added chemicals are like chemicals that the body naturally produces for energy The vitamins, chemicals, caffeine, and sugar found in these beverages all seem like a sure bet to give a person energy Health professionals are not so sure, though For one thing, there is not enough evidence to show that all of the vitamins added to energy drinks actually raise a person’s energy level Another problem is that there are so many things in the beverages Nobody knows for sure how all of the ingredients in energy drinks work together Dr Brent Bauer, one of the directors at the Mayo Clinic in the US, cautions people about believing all the claims energy drinks make He says, - It is plausible if you put all these things together, you will get a good result.” However, Dr Bauer adds the mix of ingredients could also have a negative impact on the body - We just don’t know at this point,” he says (Source: -Reading Challenge 2, Casey Malarcher & Andrea Janzen, Compass Publishing) Question 31: The beverages mentioned in the first paragraph aim to give consumers A caffeine B sugar C more energy D more choices Question 32: The word “it” in the second paragraph refers to A one example B the company C Red Bull D thirst quencher Question 33: According to the passage, what makes it difficult for researchers to know if an energy drink gives people energy? A Natural chemicals in a person’s body B The average age of the consumer C The number of beverage makers D The mixture of various ingredients Question 34: The word -plausible‖ in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A impossible B reasonable C typical D unlikely Question 35: What has Dr Bauer probably researched? A Countries where Red Bull is popular B Energy drinks for teenage athletes C Habits of healthy and unhealthy adults D Vitamins and chemicals in the body Question 36: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A Bauer does not seem to believe the claims of energy drink makers B Colas have been on the market longer than energy drinks C It has been scientifically proved that energy drinks work D The makers of Red Bull say that it can revitalize a person Question 37: What is the main idea of this passage? A Caffeine is bad for people to drink B It is uncertain whether energy drinks are healthy C Red Bull is the best energy drink D Teenagers should not choose energy drinks What is “extreme” weather? Why are people talking about it these days? “Extreme” weather is an unusual weather event such as rainfall, a drought or a heat wave in the wrong place or at the wrong time In theory, they are very rare But these days, our TV screens are constantly showing such extreme weather events Take just three news stories from 2010: 28 centimetres of rain fell on Rio de Janeiro in 24 hours, Nashville, USA, had 33 centimetres of rain in two days and there was record rainfall in Pakistan The effects of this kind of rainfall are dramatic and lethal In Rio de Janeiro, landslides followed, burying hundreds of people In Pakistan, the floods affected 20 million people Meanwhile, other parts of the world suffer devastating droughts Australia, Russia and East Africa have been hit in the last ten years And then there are unexpected heat waves, such as in 2003 in Europe That summer, 35,000 deaths were said to be heat-related So, what is happening to our weather? Are these extreme events part of a natural cycle? Or are they caused by human activity and its effects on the Earth’s climate? Peter Miller says it’s probably a mixture of both of these things On the one hand, the most important influences on weather events are natural cycles in the climate Two of the most famous weather cycles, El Niño and La Niña, originate in the Pacific Ocean The heat from the warm ocean rises high into the atmosphere and affects weather all around the world On the other hand, the temperature of the Earth’s oceans is slowly but steadily going up And this is a result of human activity We are producing greenhouse gases that trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere This heat warms up the atmosphere, land and oceans Warmer oceans produce more water vapour – think of heating a pan of water in your kitchen Turn up the heat, it produces steam more quickly Satellite data tells us that the water vapour in the atmosphere has gone up by four percent in 25 years This warm, wet air turns into the rain, storms, hurricanes and typhoons that we are increasingly experiencing Climate scientist, Michael Oppenheimer, says that we need to face the reality of climate change And we also need to act now to save lives and money in the future (Source: © 2015 National Geographic Learning.www.ngllife.com/wildweather) Question 38: It is stated in the passage that extreme weather is A becoming more common B not a natural occurrence C difficult for scientists to understand D killing more people than ever before Question 39: The word -lethal‖ in the second paragraph probably means A far-reaching B long-lasting C happening soon D causing deaths Question 40: What caused thousands of deaths in 2003? A a period of hot weather B floods after a bad summer C a long spell of heavy rain D large-scale landslides Question 41: According to the passage, extreme weather is a problem because A we can never predict it B it only affects crowded places C it’s often very destructive D its causes are completely unknown Question 42: The word -that in the third paragraph refers to A Earth’s oceans B human activity C greenhouse gases D Earth’s atmosphere Question 43: Extreme weather can be caused by A satellites above the Earth B water vapour in the atmosphere C very hot summers D water pans in your kitchen Question 44: Satellites are used to A change the direction of severe storms B trap greenhouse gases in the atmosphere C measure changes in atmospheric water vapour D prevent climate from changing quickly Question Question 45: Which statement is NOT supported by the information in the passage? A Extreme weather is substantially influenced by human activity B Unusual weather events are part of natural cycles C We can limit the bad effects of extreme weather D Such extreme weather is hardly the consequence of human activity A number of factors related to the voice reveal the personality of the speaker The first is the broad area of communication, which includes imparting information by use of language, communicating with a group or an individual and specialized communication through performance A person conveys thoughts and ideas through choice of words, by a tone of voice that is pleasant or unpleasant, gentle or harsh, by the rhythm that is inherent within the language itself, and by speech rhythms that are flowing and regular or uneven and hesitant, and finally, by the pitch and melody of the utterance When speaking before a group, a person's tone may indicate uncertainty or fright, confidence or calm At interpersonal levels, the tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen, or may belie them Here the participant’s tone can consciously or unconsciously reflect intuitive sympathy or antipathy, lack of concern or interest, fatigue, anxiety, enthusiasm or excitement, all of which are usually discernible by the acute listener Public performance is a manner of communication that is highly specialized with its own techniques for obtaining effects by voice and /or gesture The motivation derived from the text, and in the case of singing, the music, in combination with the performer's skills, personality, and ability to create empathy will determine the success of artistic, political, or pedagogic communication Second, the voice gives psychological clues to a person's self-image, perception of others, and emotional health Self-image can be indicated by a tone of voice that is confident, pretentious, shy, aggressive, outgoing, or exuberant, to name only a few personality traits Also the sound may give a clue to the facade or mask of that person, for example, a shy person hiding behind an overconfident front How a speaker perceives the listener's receptiveness, interest, or sympathy in any given conversation can drastically alter the tone of presentation, by encouraging or discouraging the speaker Emotional health is evidenced in the voice by free and melodic sounds of the happy, by constricted and harsh sound of the angry, and by dull and lethargic qualities of the depressed Question 46: What does the passage mainly discuss? A The function of the voice in performance B Communication styles C The connection between voice and personality D The production of speech Question 47: What does the author mean by staring that, "At interpersonal levels, tone may reflect ideas and feelings over and above the words chosen" ? A Feelings are expressed with different words than ideas are B The tone of voice can carry information beyond the meaning of words C A high tone of voice reflects an emotional communication D Feelings are more difficult to express than ideas Question 48: The word "Here" in line refers to…………… A At interpersonal levels B the tone Thông tin đoạn 2: Perhaps, many ages ago, they found that sticks would burn if they were dropped into some hole where melted lava from a volcano lay boiling They brought the lighted sticks back to make their fire in a cave Or, they may have seen trees catch fire through being struck by lightning, and used the trees to start their own fires Con người thời xa xưa tạo nhiệt lửa nhờ hoàn tồn vào tự nhiên Question 185: Đáp án D Thơng tin câu thứ đoạn thứ 4: They melted resins and dipped branches in the liquid to make torches that lit their homes at night (Họ làm tan chảy nhựa nhúng cành chất lỏng để làm đuốc thắp sáng nhà vào ban đêm.) Question 186: Đáp án C Thông tin câu đầu đoạn cuối: For centuries homes were lit by candles until oil was found Even then, oil lamps were no more effective than a cluster of candles TRước đèn điện phát minh nến, sau đèn dầu sử dụng Question 187: Đáp án D “splendors” = the beautiful and impressive features: vật rực rỡ, lộng lẫy Question 188: Đáp án A Thông tin câu đầu đoạn 2: We not know exactly when or how people first used fire Chúng ta rõ cách người lần sử dụng lửa Question 189: Đáp án A gloomy = nearly dark: cách tối tăm (ngoài nghĩa là: u sầu, làm cho buồn sầu) Question 190: Đáp án B Thơng tin câu đầu đoạn 5: There was no lighting in city streets (Khơng điện đường phố London đời gas, đèn điện) => Link boys không sử dụng đèn mà sử dụng “torches of burning material” (đuốc từ đốt cháy vật liệu) Question 191 Đáp án B Tại tác giả đề cập đến “ John F Kennedy” dòng 3? A Ơng nhà phát minh giải thưởng tiếng B Ông người giành giải thưởng Pulitzer C Ông người chọn chiến thắng giải Pulitzer D Ông liên quan đến vụ lùm xùm bị Joseph Pulitzer báo cáo lại Dẫn chứng: One of the highest honors for formalists, writers, and musical composers is the Pulitzer Prize First awarded in 1927, the Pulitzer Prize has been won by Ernest Hemingway, Harper Lee, John F Kennedy, and Rodgers and Hammerstein, among others Question 192 Đáp án B Theo đọc Joseph Pulitzer phát minh giải thưởng Pulitzer Prize? A đề khích lệ người nhớ đến tên tuổi thành công ông B để khích lệ nhà văn nhớ tầm quan trọng chất lượng C để khích lệ sinh viên ngành báo chí đạt mục tiêu chúng D để khuyến khích người đề cao tác phẩm tác giả giành giải Pulitzer Dẫn chứng:Finally, he wanted to leave a legacy that would encourage writers to remember the importance of quality On his death, he gave two million dollars to Columbia University so they could award prizes to great writers Question 193 Đáp án A Từ “ partial” đọc gần nghĩa với từ nhất? A.chỉ phần B nhãn hiệu C D quan trọng Dẫn chứng:His skills as a reporter were wonderful, and he soon became a partial owner of the paper [Những kỹ phóng viên tuyệ vời ơng sớm trở thành chủ sở hữu riêng tờ báo] Question 194 Đáp án C Theo đọc nhận giải Pulitzer? A cử nhân trường đại học Columbia B sinh viên ngành báo chí C nhà văn tác giả đáng ghi nhận/ bật D hầu hết phóng viên báo chí Dẫn chứng: On his death, he gave two million dollars to Columbia University so they could award prizes to great writers Question 195 Đáp án D Theo đọc, Joseph Pulitzer thu hút lượng đọc nào? A Ông viết tác giả báo chí văn học tiếng B Ông viết câu chuyện chiến tranh C Ơng tự sản xuất tờ báo riêng D Ông xuất câu chuyện thú vị vụ bê bối lùm xùm vụng trộm Dẫn chứng: Pulitzer wanted to appeal to the average reader, so he produced exciting stories of scandal and intrigue Question 196 Đáp án D Theo đọc câu Joseph Pulitzer đúng? A Ông nhận học bổng sinh viên đại học B Ơng trở nên giàu chí trẻ C Ơng phòng viên nội chiến Mỹ D Ơng di cư đến Mỹ từ Hungary Dẫn chứng: Joseph Pulitzer’s story, like that of many immigrants to the United States, is one of hardship, hard work and triumph Born in Hungary, Joseph Pulitzer moved to United States in 1864 Question 197 Đáp ánA Câu giải thưởng Pulitzer không đúng? A Joseph Pulitzer nhà văn giành giải thưởng vào năm 1917 B Giải thưởng nhằm mục đích ca ngợi nghiệp nhà văn C Joseph Pulitzer để lại tiền để trao thưởng cho người giảnh giải thưởng D Nhận giải thường vinh dự cao quý nhà văn Dẫn chứng: One of the highest honors for formalists, writers, and musical composers is the Pulitzer Prize First awarded in 1927, the Pulitzer Prize has been won by Ernest Hemingway, Harper Lee, John F Kennedy, and Rodgers and Hammerstein, among others Question 198 Đáp án C Theo đoạn văn 1, câu sau Clara Barton lúc trẻ A giúp bố ông quân nhân B bị tai nạn 11 tuổi C giúp anh người bị thương tai nạn D định sống với anh trai khoảng năm Dẫn chứng: Another event that influenced her decision to help soldiers was an accident her brother had Question 199 Đáp án D Cụm từ broke out đoạn gần nghĩa với từ A trải rộng B hư hỏng C đóng D bắt đầu Dẫn chứng:The civil war broke out years later [ Cuộc nội chiến bùng nổ/ bắt đầu năm sau đó] => Broke out = began: bắt đầu Question 200 Đáp án C Từ “this” đoạn ám đến A Mỗi quân nhân xem người B nấu ăn cho quân nhân C chăm sóc người ốm người bị thương D nhận cho phép Dẫn chứng: At the battle of Bull run, Clara Barton received permission from the government to take care of the sick and hurt Barton did this with great empathy and kindness Question 201 Đáp án B Từ “ acknowledge” đoạn thay A săn sóc B nhận biết C nài nỉ D tin tưởng => acknowledge = recognize: nhận biết Dẫn chứng: She acknowledged each soldier as a person her endurance and courage on the battlefield were admired by many Question 202 Đáp án D Cái suy phủ? A Khơng phải lúc đồng ý với Clara Barton B Khơng tiền để giúp Clara Barton C Thể thông cảm tử tế với Clara Barton D Tôn trọng Clara Barton Dẫn chứng: She talked to government leaders and let American people know about the Red Cross In 1881, the National Society of the Red Cross was finally established with its headquarters in Washington , D.C Clara Barton managed its activities for 23 years Question 203 Đáp án B Tác giả đề cập Hội chữ thập đỏ Mỹ? A Nó khơng chấp nhận Hiệp định Geneva B Barton cố gắng thành lập Mỹ C Người Mỹ không quan tâm đến Hội chữ thập đỏ D Nó thành lập lần Mỹ Dẫn chứng: While she was on vacation , she became involved with the International Red Cross, an organization set up by the Geneva Convention in 1864 Clara Barton realized that the Red Cross would be a best help to the United States After she returned to the United States, she worked very hard to create an American Red Cross Question 204 Đáp án B Nội dung đọc gì? A Clara Barton giúp đỡ quân nhân bị thương người sang lập Hội chữ thập đỏ B Clara Barton người phụ nữ tử tế mạnh mẽ giúp đỡ người cần C Clara Barton trở thành y tá thời nội chiến Mỹ D Clara Barton làm việc cho nạn nhân vụ thảm họa già Question 205 Đáp án A Tiêu đề hay cho đọc gì? A Thiên thần Chiến trường B Hội chữ thập đỏ Mỹ C Nội chiến Mỹ D Hội chữ thập đỏ quốc tế Question 206 Đáp án C Theo đoạn văn 1, câu sau Clara Barton lúc trẻ A giúp bố ông quân nhân B bị tai nạn 11 tuổi C giúp anh người bị thương tai nạn D định sống với anh trai khoảng năm Dẫn chứng: Another event that influenced her decision to help soldiers was an accident her brother had Question 207 Đáp án D Cụm từ broke out đoạn gần nghĩa với từ A trải rộng B hư hỏng C đóng D bắt đầu Dẫn chứng:The civil war broke out years later [ Cuộc nội chiến bùng nổ/ bắt đầu năm sau đó] => Broke out = began: bắt đầu Question 208 Đáp án C Từ “this” đoạn ám đến A Mỗi quân nhân xem người B nấu ăn cho quân nhân C chăm sóc người ốm người bị thương D nhận cho phép Dẫn chứng: At the battle of Bull run, Clara Barton received permission from the government to take care of the sick and hurt Barton did this with great empathy and kindness Question 209 Đáp án B Từ “ acknowledge” đoạn thay A săn sóc B nhận biết C nài nỉ D tin tưởng => acknowledge = recognize: nhận biết Dẫn chứng: She acknowledged each soldier as a person her endurance and courage on the battlefield were admired by many Question 210 Đáp án D Cái suy phủ? A Khơng phải lúc đồng ý với Clara Barton B Khơng tiền để giúp Clara Barton C Thể thông cảm tử tế với Clara Barton D Tôn trọng Clara Barton Dẫn chứng: She talked to government leaders and let American people know about the Red Cross In 1881, the National Society of the Red Cross was finally established with its headquarters in Washington , D.C Clara Barton managed its activities for 23 years Question 211 Đáp ánB Tác giả đề cập Hội chữ thập đỏ Mỹ? A Nó khơng chấp nhận Hiệp định Geneva B Barton cố gắng thành lập Mỹ C Người Mỹ không quan tâm đến Hội chữ thập đỏ D Nó thành lập lần Mỹ Dẫn chứng: While she was on vacation , she became involved with the International Red Cross, an organization set up by the Geneva Convention in 1864 Clara Barton realized that the Red Cross would be a best help to the United States After she returned to the United States, she worked very hard to create an American Red Cross Question 212 Đáp án B Nội dung đọc gì? A Clara Barton giúp đỡ quân nhân bị thương người sang lập Hội chữ thập đỏ B Clara Barton người phụ nữ tử tế mạnh mẽ giúp đỡ người cần C Clara Barton trở thành y tá thời nội chiến Mỹ D Clara Barton làm việc cho nạn nhân vụ thảm họa già Question 213 Đáp án A Tiêu đề hay cho đọc gì? A Thiên thần Chiến trường B Hội chữ thập đỏ Mỹ C Nội chiến Mỹ D Hội chữ thập đỏ quốc tế Question 214: Đáp án C – viết nói đám cưới Hindu Question 215: Đáp án C – magni: lễ đính – dòng thứ đoạn thứ “Months before the wedding ceremony, an engagement is held which is called "mangni".” Question 216: Đáp án A – dòng thứ nhất, đoạn thứ “The Hindu cultural celebrates marriage as a pure and pristine rite enabling two individuals start their journey of life together It puts emphasis on the values of happiness, harmony and growth and could be traced back from the Vedic times.” Question 217: Đáp án A – adorn = decorate : trang điểm Question 218: Đáp án C – invoke = pray : cầu, khấn Question 219: Đáp án B – dòng thứ nhất, đoạn thứ ba “On the day of marriage, the couple exchanges garlands as a gesture of acceptance of one another and a pledge to respect one another as partners which is known as "jaimala".” Question 220: Đáp án D – dòng thứ nhất, đoạn cuối “Then the ritual of "sindoor" takes place where the groom applies a small dot of vermilion, a red powder to the bride's forehead and welcomes her as his partner for life This signifies the completion of the marriage.” Question 221: Đáp án C – underwater city : thành phố đáy biển Dòng đầu tiên, đoạn thứ “A Japanese construction company plans to create a huge independent city-state, akin to the legendary Atlantis, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.” Question 222: Đáp án D – akin = similar : gần giống Question 223: Đáp án D – dòng thứ đoạn thứ “Aside from the many political and social problems that would have to be solved, the engineering task envisaged is monumental.” Question 224: Đáp án B – dòng thứ 2, đoạn thứ “The initial stage requires the building of a circular dam eighteen miles in diameter attached to the sea bed in a relatively shallow place in international waters.” Question 225: Đáp án A – monumental : quan trọng, vĩ đại, xuất sắt, đầy thách thức Question 226: Đáp án A – suck out = draw out : dẫn nước Question 227: Đáp án D – dòng thứ nhất, đoạn thứ “If all goes well, it is hoped that Marinnation could be ready for habitation at the end of the second decade of the twenty-first century.” Question 228: Đáp án C – Tác giả đặt câu hỏi việc liệu người ta muốn sống cộng đồng cách biệt nhân tạo không Question 229: Đáp án B Dụng ý tác giả viết To differentiate the various classifications of algae (phân biệt cách phân loại khác loại tảo) theo màu sắc chúng: Blue-green, green, brown, red algae Question 230: Đáp án A Thông tin câu đoạn đầu tiên: Algae is a primitive form of life, a single-celled or simple multiple-celled organism (Tảo hình thức sinh vật sống sơ khai, sinh vật đơn bào đa bào đơn giản) Question 231: Đáp án D “pigment” = “color”: màu sắc Question 233: Đáp án C Thông tin câu cuối đoạn 2: Fossilized remains of blue-green algae more than 3.4 billion years old have been found in parts of Africa (Nhiều hóa thạch lồi tảo lam lục 3,4 tỷ năm tuổi tìm thấy số khu vực châu Phi.) Question 232: Đáp án B Thông tin câu thứ đoạn thứ 3: It reproduces on the surfaces of enclosed bodies of water (Nó tái tạo bề mặt phận bao bọc nước) Question 234: Đáp án D Thông tin câu cuối đoạn 4: Its long stalks can be enmeshed on the ocean floor, or it can float freely on the ocean’s surface (thân dài vướng vào đáy đại dương, trôi tự bề mặt đại dương.) → tảo nâu tìm thấy đại dương Question 235: Đáp án C Thông tin câu đầu cảu đoạn cuối: Red algae, or Rhodophyta, is a small, delicate organism (tảo đỏ sinh vật nhỏ, mỏng manh) Question 236: Đáp án A Thông tin câu cuối bài: This type of algae has an essential role in the formation of coral reefs: it secretes lime from the seawater to foster the formation of limestone deposits Question 237: Đáp án D Mục đích To report on a new invention (Giới thiệu phát minh mới) Phát minh sử dụng vi xử lý (a microprocessor) để loại bỏ âm không mong muốn Question 238: Đáp án A Thông tin câu đọc: Sound moves form its source to the ear by wavelike fluctuations in air pressure, something like the crests and troughs of ocean waves (Âm di chuyển hình thành nguồn gốc tai biến động áp suất khơng khí, giống đỉnh đáy sóng biển.) Question 239: Đáp án C Thông tin câu thứ đoạn đầu tiên: One way to keep from hearing sound is to use ear plugs Another way is to cancel out the sound with anti-sound (Một cách để cách âm sử dụng nút tai Một cách triệt tiêu âm với dụng cụ chống âm) Question 240: Đáp án C Thông tin đoạn 1: Using a noisemarker controlled by a microprocessor, engineers have produced sound waves that are half a wavelength out of phase with those of the noise to be quieted-each crest is matched to a trough, and vice versa Once the researchers have recorded the offending sound, a microprocessor calculates the amplitude and wavelength of sound that will cancel out the crests and troughs of noise It then produces an electric current that is amplified and fed to a loudspeaker, which produces anti-sound and wipes out the noise => microprocessor (bộ vi xử lý) dùng để loại bỏ âm Question 241: Đáp án B Thông tin câu cuối: … which causes fatigue that can impair the efficiency and alertness of the crew, and may mask the warning sounds of alarm and fog signals (những âm khơng mong muốn gây mệt mỏi, ảnh hưởng đến suất tỉnh táo phi hành đồn, che âm cảnh báo tín hiệu bão => tạo tình trạng làm việc nguy hiểm) Question 242: Đáp án A Thông tin đoạn cuối: The research team has concentrated on eliminating low-frequency noise from ship engines, which causes fatigue that can impair the efficiency and alertness of the crew Question 243: Đáp án D Bài đọc chủ yếu nói cơng dụng loại bỏ, tách âm vi xử lý (a microprocessor) Vì vậy, đoạn sau đọc nói công dụng khác vi xử lý Question 244: Đáp án D Thông tin câu cuối đoạn 1: It is traditional to use this time off for travel: thường (mọi người) sử dụng thời gian để du lịch = hầu hết người Mỹ thích du lịch Question 245: Đáp án A Thông tin câu đoạn 2: Every year about thirteen million people travel abroad Mỗi năm khoảng 13 triệu người du lịch nước Question 246: Đáp án D Thông tin câu cuối đoạn 2: people who can adjust their schedules sometimes choose to travel in the autumn Mọi người du lịch vào mùa thu luôn du lịch vào mùa thu Question 247: Đáp án C Thông tin câu thứ đoạn 2: The most popular periods are during the summer and the twoweek school break on Christmas and New Year holidays Giai đoạn thông thường mùa hè kỳ nghỉ tuần trường vào dịp Giáng sinh Năm Question 248: Đáp án B Thông tin câu đầu đoạn 3: American tourists often travel by car Most families own a car, and those who not have a car can rent one Cars are usually the most economical way to travel Question 249: Đáp án D “It” thay cho car câu trước: Cars are usually the most economical way to travel, especially for families Question 250: Đáp án D Thông tin câu thứ đoạn 3: Exellent highway with motels and restaurants nearby connect the nation’s major cities Ở đường cao tốc nhiều khách sạn nhà hàng cho khách du lịch Question 251: Đáp án C Thông tin câu: Naturally, they get lots of opportunities to practise their English as this is the only language spoken Đương nhiên, chúng nhiều hội luyện tập tiếng Anh ngơn ngữ nói Question 252: Đáp án D mơn thể thao Thông tin câu gần cuối: The programme is packed with exciting activities such as horse riding and table tennis Other sports in clude baseball, volleyball and athletics Question 253: Đáp án C Thông tin câu: The camp is located in one of the most beautiful parts of Chalkidiki It is huge (120.000 square meters) and is just a stone’s throw away from clear, blue Aegean Sea It takes the children just five minutes to walk to the golden sandy beach on foot => Trại hè gần Aegean Sea Question 254: Đáp án A thể nhận thấy giọng văn tác giả ủng hộ, thể qua câu văn như: - They always seem to have a good time, so if you’ re wondering what to with the kids for three weeks this summer, you could worse than send them to this beautiful camp on the shores of the Aegean Sea - If your children, like mine, are keen on adventure, sports and good company, the Skouras Camp will keep them busy all day doing the things they most enjoy - My children have made friends with children of their own age from Poland, China, Demark and the United States Naturally, they get lots of opportunities to practise their English as this is the only language spoken Question 255: Đáp án B Tiêu đề phù hợp An international summer camp (Một trại hè quốc tế) Xuyên suốt đọc, tác giả giới thiệu Skouras Camp, trại hè quốc tế mà tác giả tham gia vào mùa hè Question 256: Đáp án C Thông tin câu gần cuối: It takes the children just five minutes to walk to the golden sandy beach on foot Question 257: Đáp án B Thông tin câu đầu đọc: For the last few years, my children have been going to a summer camp in northern Greece called Skouras Camp Trại hè phía Bắc Hy Lạp Question 258: Đáp án A “contest” = “competition”: thi Question 259: Đáp án A Đoạn nói rằng: University students frequently the minimum of work because they’re crazy about a good social life instead Children often scream before their piano practice because it’s so boring They have to be given gold stars and medals to be persuaded to swim, or have to be bribed to take exams Sinh viên đại học thường xuyên làm mức tối thiểu công việc họ điên cuồng sống xã hội tốt Trẻ em thường hét lên trước tập luyện piano, q nhàm chán Họ phải nhận vàng huy chương để thuyết phục bơi lội, phải hối lộ để tham gia kỳ thi => người trẻ thường thiếu động lực tốt để học (mà thường phải phần thưởng hay thứ tương tự giúp họ động lực để học) Question 260: Đáp án D Đoạn tác giả chia sẻ: - At 30, I went to a college and did courses in History and English It was an amazing experience Lúc 30 tuổi, đến trường đại học học khoá học Lịch sử Tiếng Anh Nó trải nghiệm tuyệt vời - I wasn’t frightened to ask questions, and homework was a pleasure not a pain When I passed an exam, I had passed it for me and me alone, not for my parents or my teachers The satisfaction I got was entirely personal Tôi không sợ việc phải đặt câu hỏi, tập nhà niềm vui thích khơng phải đau khổ Khi tơi vượt qua kì thi, tơi vượt qua cho thân cho thân thôi, cho bố mẹ hay giáo viên Sự hài lòng tơi hồn tồn mang tính cá nhân => tác giả cho rằng, người lớn hơn, họ thái độ tính cực việc học tập (chứ không giống lúc trẻ - phải phần thưởng học) Question 261: Đáp án D “For starters” = “First and foremost”: hàng đầu For starters, I was paying, so there was no reason to be late – I was the one frowning and drumming my fingers if the tutor was late, not the other way round Đầu tiên, tơi trả tiền, khơng lý để trễ - Tơi người cau mày gõ gõ ngón tay gia sư đến muộn, ngược lại Question 262: Đáp án C Đoạn thơng tin: - Indeed, if I could persuade him to linger for an extra five minutes, it was a bonus, not a nuisance Thật ra, tơi thuyết phục anh nán lại cho thêm năm phút, phần thưởng, khơng phải mối phiền tối - The satisfaction I got was entirely personal Sự hài lòng tơi hồn tồn mang tính cá nhân => trình học, tác giả cảm thấy thích thú việc học Question 263: Đáp án A “rusty” = not as good as it used to be through lack of practice: không tốt thiếu luyện tập Some people fear going back to school because they worry that their brains have got rusty Một số người sợ học trở lại họ lo lắng não họ khơng trước Question 264: Đáp án D “get there” ~ achieve your aim with hard work: đạt mục tiêu cách làm việc chăm The confidence you have in other areas – from being able to drive a car, perhaps – means that if you can’t, say, build a chair instantly, you don’t, like a child, want to destroy your first pathetic attempts Maturity tells you that you will, with application, eventually get there Sự tự tin bạn lĩnh vực khác –có lẽ từ việc lái xe xe - nghĩa bạn khơng thể, nói rằng, xây dựng ghế lập tức, bạn không, giống đứa trẻ, muốn phá huỷ nỗ lực thảm hại bạn Maturity nói với bạn bạn sẽ, với ứng dụng, cuối đạt điều Question 265: Đáp án C A,B,D nhắc đến bài: - In some ways, age is a positive plus For instance, when you’re older, you get less frustrated Experience has told you that, if you’re calm and simply something carefully again and again, eventually you’ll get the hang of it - your brain has learnt all kinds of other things since you were young It has learnt to think independently and flexibly and is much better at relating one thing to another (B & D) Question 266: Đáp án D Thông tin đoạn 4: In some ways, age is a positive plus For instance, when you’re older, you get less frustrated Experience has told you that, if you’re calm and simply something carefully again and again, eventually you’ll get the hang of it Ở số cách, tuổi tác điểm cộng tích cực Ví dụ, bạn lớn tuổi hơn, bạn thấy chán nản Kinh nghiệm nói với bạn rằng, bạn bình tĩnh cần làm điều cách cẩn thận lặp lặp lại, cuối bạn học cách thực => bạn lớn tuổi hơn, bạn kiên nhẫn trẻ (bởi bạn bị chán nản thất bại đủ bình tĩnh để thực lại) Question 267: Đáp án D Tác giả nhận nhiều điều mà trước trẻ khơng nhận học đàn Thông tin câu cuối: But soon, complex emotions that I never knew poured out from my fingers, and suddenly I could understand why practice makes perfect Nhưng sau đó, cảm xúc phức tạp mà tơi khơng biết tn từ ngón tay, tơi hiểu thực hành tạo nên hồn hảo Question 268: Đáp án A Mục đích tác giả viết là: To encourage adult learning: khuyến khích người lớn học tập Bởi thơng qua viết, tác giả nói đến nhiều cơng dụng người lớn học tập thể nhắc tới: - thái độ tích cực học tập - Kiên nhẫn so với lúc trẻ - Khám phá nhiều điều mà trẻ không phát - Học thứ liên quan, giải nhiều thứ khác … ... with children work part-time That way, parents can spend mo re time with their children Some husbands may even stop working for a while to stay with the children For these men there is a new word: ... 20: The word “they” in paragraph refers to _ A husbands who stop working to stay with the children B fathers who spend more time with their children C parents who work part-time D children... feelings over and above the words chosen" ? A Feelings are expressed with different words than ideas are B The tone of voice can carry information beyond the meaning of words C A high tone of voice
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