Ôn cấp III grammar

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Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 GRAMMAR REVIEW I Quán từ ( Mạo từ ): A / An / The A / An: Dùng với danh từ đếm số ít, nhắc tới lần a “An” dùng: - Trước danh từ, cụm từ bắt đầu nguyên âm VD: an armchair, an egg, an orange bag ……… - Trước danh từ, cụm danh từ bắt đầu phụ âm câm VD: an hour, an honest man …… - Trước danh từ, cụm danh từ viết tắt phiên âm bắt đầu nguyên âm VD: an L-plate / el-pleit /, an SOS / es әu es / , an MP / empi: / …… b “A” dùng: - Trước danh từ, cụm từ bắt đầu phụ âm VD: a teacher, a nice pen…… - Trước danh từ, cụm từ bắt đầu nguyên âm phiên âm bắt đầu phụ âm VD: a university / ju / , a one-eyed man / w^n / ……… The: Được sử dụng danh từ xác định cụ thể tính chất, đặc điểm, vị trí nhắc đến lần thứ câu - The + noun + preposition + noun VD: the girl in blue, the man with banner, the United States of America…… - The + danh từ + đại từ quan hệ + mệnh đề phụ VD: the boy whom I met; the place where I met him ……… - The + tính từ so sánh bậc số thứ tự VD: The first week, the most expensive shirt - The + danh từ số tượng trưng cho nhóm thú vật đồ vật bỏ “The” đổi danh từ sang số nhiều VD: The whale = Whales, the shark = sharks ………… - The + adj đại diện cho lớp người, khơng có hình thái số nhiều coi danh từ số nhiều động từ sau phải chia thứ số nhiều VD: the old = người già nói chung; the disabled = người tàn tật ……… - Dùng trước tên khu vực, vùng tiếng mặt địa lí lịch sử VD: The Shahara, The Atlantic …… - The + từ phương hướng VD: the East, The North ………… Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 - The + tên đồ hợp xướng, dàn nhạc cổ điển, ban nhạc phổ thông VD: the Bach choir, the Beatles ……… - The + tên tờ báo lớn/ tàu biển/ khinh khí cầu VD: The Titanic, the Time, the Great Britain ……… - The + tên họ số nhiều có nghĩa gia đình họ nhà ……… VD: the Smiths = Mr and Mrs Smith (and their children) hay gọi gia đình nhà Smith - Không dùng “The” trước số danh từ như: home, church, bed, court, hospital, prison, school, college, university với động từ giới từ chuyển động VD: I go to church every Sunday - Với mục đích khác phải dùng “The” VD: I went to the church to see the stained glass Students go to the university for a class party EXERCISES Supply "a / an or the" in the following sentences where necessary I need ………… picture-hook to hang this picture Who’s at ………… door? – It’s …………… postman When you go out, would you please to go to…………… supermarket and get some apples? I’ve got ………… appointment this afternoon I’ve got to go to ………… doctor’s We have seen what ………… Earth looks like from ………… Moon Where is your mother at ………… moment? – I think she is in ………… kitchen They are building …………… supermarket in ………… center of our town I’d like to read newspapers like ………… Times and ……… Washington Post What has been ……… longest period of …………… peace in ……… history? 10 I can never regret ……… time I’ve spent enjoying myself 11 I often listen to …………… music and I like ……… jazz best 12 You can’t visit ………… London without seeing ……… Buckingham Palace 13 I’ve been to …… Brazil and ……… Argentina, but I’ve never been to ……… USA 14 We always go to ……… church on Sunday 15 I went to ………… theatre last night and saw ……… great play 16 What ………… beautiful garden! 17 My friends live in ……… old house in ……… small village There is ………… beautiful garden behind ……… house I would like to have ……… garden like that 18 George has …………… part time job He works morning ……… week Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 19 What’s name of ………man we met yesterday? 20 We haven’t been to ……… cinema for ages II Cách sử dụng “little/ a little, few/ a few, some/ any” Little/ a little: a Little: - Little + danh từ không đếm = not enough: ít, không đủ, không VD: I have little money, not enough to buy groceries b A little: - A little + danh từ không đếm = some: có chút, Few/ a few: a Few: Few + danh từ đếm đươc số nhiều = not many: có ít, khơng đủ VD: She has few books, not enough for references b A few: A few + danh từ đếm đươc số nhiều = several: có vài, VD: She has a few books, enough to read Some/ any: nghĩa “1 số lựơng định” Chúng sử dụng với (hoặc thay thế) danh từ đếm số nhiều danh từ không đếm a Some: Được sử dụng với - Trong câu khẳng định VD: They bought some honey - Trong câu mệnh lệnh VD: Give me some sugar, please - Trong câu mời, đề nghị, cầu khiến VD: - Would you like some wine? - Can you buy me some sugar? b Any: Được sử dụng: - Trong câu phủ định VD: I haven’t got any matches - Trong câu hỏi VD: Have you got any fish? - Trong câu khẳng định mang nghĩa phủ định VD: He hardly has any money left More, fewer, less: a More(nhiều hơn, thêm vào): hình thức so sánh “many/much” Thường dùng trước danh từ số nhiều hay danh từ không đếm Eg: - Would you like some more coffee? - I can’t aford to buy this book I need more money - American students have more vacations than Vietnamese students => Form: S + V + more + N S + V + more + N + than + S2 b Fewer: (ít hơn) hình thức so sánh “Few” Dùng với danh từ số nhiều danh từ không đếm Eg: - February has fewer days than March Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 - Vietnamese students have fewer vacations than American students => Form: S + V + fewer + N + than + S2 c Less: (ít hơn, nhỏ hơn) hình thức so sánh “Little” Dùng với danh từ không đếm Eg: - I have less time than you - He earns less money than his brother => Form: S + V + less + N + than + S2 Exercises: * Fill “a few, a little” in each gap She asks us ………… questions I can speak ………… French ……… people go to the meeting There are only ……… books on the shelf My father is eating ……… chicken soup They will have ……… milk for breakfast There are ……… letters in the letter-box He has ……… money and he will buy ……… vegetables ** Fill “little, few” in each gap Hurry up or we’ll be late We’ve got very ………… time Very ……… people come to hear him play the piano because they are too busy There are ……… cars parked outside the bank today I am so cold that there is very ………… feeling in my legs *** Supply the correct form of the adjs in the brackets Mr Tan works ……… hours than my father (many) Summer vacation is the ………… vacation (long) He drinks ………… wine than Mr.Hai (little) Christmas is one of the …… .… vacation in America (important) This old woman has …………money than all of her daughters (much) Bill is ………… than you (good) These shoes are ………… than those shoes (expensive) Riding a bike is ……… … than walking (dangerous) Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ơn vào lớp 10 III Các động từ (Tenses) A Các (Present tenses) Hiện đơn giản (The Simple Present Tense) * Công thức (form): a To be: S + am/ is/ are + ……… b Động từ thường: S + V(s/ es ) + ……… VD: - I work days a week - He works days a week - Đuôi “s/es” thêm vào động từ chia theo thứ số - Đi “es” thêm vào trường hợp động từ có chữ tận “s/ ch/ x/ sh/ z” “o” đứng sau phụ âm VD: go → goes; watch → watches; wash → washes; mix → mixes ……… - She always watches television after dinner - He goes to work by car - Ttrường hợp tận “y” đứng sau phụ âm chia phải đổi “y” thành “i” + es VD: study → studies; cry → cries … He studies English in London ** Cách sử dụng (usage): - Diễn tả thói quen, hành động xảy thường xuyên hay lặp lặp lại thường dung với trạng từ tần suất: always, constantly, often, usually, frequently, sometime, occasionally, now and then, rarely, ever, never, everyday/ week/ night …, once a day, twice a week… VD: - He watches TV every night - What you every day? I go to school - Jane washes her hair once a day - Diễn tả chân lí, thật hiển nhiên VD: - The Sun rises in the East - Được dùng để nói thời gian biểu chương trình VD: - The plane leaves for London at 2p.m - The film starts at o’clock Hiện tiếp diễn (The Present Progressive Tense) * Công thức(form): Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 S + am/ is/ are + V- ing + ……… ** Cách sử dụng: - Diễn tả hành động xảy thời Thời gian xác định cụ thể phó từ: now, right now, presently, at the moment, at present VD: - I am learning English now - She is listening to music at the moment - Diễn tả hành động xảy xung quanh thời điểm nói, khơng thiết thời điểm nói VD: - I am reading a book by Mark Twain these days - Dùng sau câu mệnh lệnh, đề nghị VD: - Please be quiet! The children are sleeping - Be careful! The car is coming - Diễn tả hành động xảy tạm thời (hành động trái với quy luật, thường lệ) VD: - My father always watches TV after dinner, but today he is reading a book - It usually snows at Chrismas but it is raining this Christmas - Diễn tả hành động xảy tương lai có dự định/ kế hoạch trước (tương lai gần) VD: - He is learning in the US next year - What are you doing this weekend? I am visiting my aunt ** Lưu ý: Để phân biệt tương lai gần hành động xảy cần vào phó từ câu: VD: - The committee members are examining the material now - George is leaving for France tomorrow - Dùng với “always” để đưa lời phàn nàn VD: - He is always forgetting his homework ** Một số trường hợp đặc biệt thêm đuôi “ing” sau động từ: - Tận nguyên âm “e” thêm “ing” ta bỏ “e” thêm “ing”.: VD: take → taking, have → having, …… - Tận phụ âm sau ngun âm ta phải nhân đơi phụ âm thêm “ing” VD: win → winning, put → putting, ……… - Tận “ie” thêm đuôi “ing” ta phải chuyển thành “ying” VD: die → dying, lie → lying, *** Chú ý: Một số động từ khơng chia tiếp diễn: - Chỉ sở hữu: have, own, belong to - Chỉ tình cảm, cảm xúc: love, hate, need, want, like, dislike, enjoy ……… Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 - Chỉ giác quan, cảm giác: feel, see, hear, smell, taste, look ……… - Chỉ quan điểm: think, hope, believe, suppose, say, consider ……… Hiện hoàn thành (The Present Perfect Tense) * Công thức(form): S + have/ has + PII ……… ** Cách sử dụng: - Diễn tả hành động vừa xảy ra, xảy gần đây, thường dùng với: just, recently, yet VD: - The concert has just begun - Recently the price has gone up - Diễn tả hành động xảy mà không rõ thời gian, thường dùng với trạng từ: already, before, ever, never, so far, up to now/ the present, until/ till now VD: - So far she has written books - He has already done his homework - Diễn tả hành động bắt đầu khứ mà kéo đến khả tiếp tục tương lai, thường dùng với “since – for” Since + mốc thời gian (1977/ I was born/ I was young) For + khoảng thời gian (3 years/ a week … ) VD: - Mary has lived here for ten years - They have studied English since 1990 - Diễn tả hành động lặp lặp lại nhiều lần khứ VD: - Peter has read that letter several times - I have seen Titalic three times - Dùng câu bình phẩm, sau mệnh đề so sánh cao VD: - It is the most interesting film I’ve ever seen - Dùng sau cấu trúc: It’s the first time/ second time ……… VD: It’s the first time I’ve driven a car - Dùng với trạng từ: this morning, this evening, today, this week, this term ……… thời gian lúc nói VD: - I’ve smoked ten cigars today - I haven’t seen Tom this morning Have you? B Các khứ (Past Tenses) Quá khứ đơn giản (The Simple Past Tense): Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 * Công thức (form): a To be: S + was/ were + ……… b Động từ thường: S + V-qk + ……… - Một số động từ tiếng Anh có dạng khứ phân từ đặc biệt VD: come – came – come, – did – done, go – went – gone, make – made – made ** Cách sử dụng (usage): - Dùng để diễn đạt hành động xảy chấm dứt khứ, không liên quan tới - Thường dùng với số trạng từ thời gian như: yesterday, at that moment, last + time, in + năm (quá khứ), ago: days ago … VD: - Mai washed the dishes yesterday - Jane didn’t watch TV last night - John went to Japan last year - Did you go to the cinema last night? - Một số trường hợp động từ đặc biệt thêm đuôi “ed” vào sau động từ: * Tận “e” sau phụ âm như: live → lived; dance → danced …… * Tận phụ âm đứng đằng sau nguyên âm như: stop → stopped; plan → planned * Tận “y” sau phụ âm như: cry → cried, study → studied ……… Quá khứ tiếp diễn (The Past Progressive Tense) * Công thức(form): S + was/ were + V- ing + ……… ** Cách sử dụng: - Dùng để diễn tả hành động xảy vào thời điểm xác định khứ, thường dùng với trạng từ thời gian như: at this time yesterday, at 10 p.m last night …… VD: - He was eating dinner at p.m last night - Dùng để hành động xảy khứ hành động khác xen vào, thường với liên từ: When , While , As VD: - Somebody hit him on the head while he was going to his car - He was going to his car when someone hit him on the head - Dùng để diễn đạt hành động đồng thời xảy ra, nối với liên từ “while” VD: He was reading a newspaper while his wife was preparing the dinner in the kitchen Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ơn vào lớp 10 C Thì tương lai đơn gian (The Simple Future Tense) * Công thức(form): S + Shall/ Will + V + ……… ** Cách sử dụng: Dùng để diễn đạt hành động xảy vào thời điểm xác định tương lai (thường định thời điểm nói) Thường dùng với trạng từ thời gian như: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next + thời gian, in the future, in + time: in years, in 2020 VD: - Did you phone Ann? Oh, no I forgot I will it now - They will build a new school here next year ** Near future (tương lai gần) * Công thức(form): S + am/ is/ are + going to + V + … ** Cách sử dụng: - Dùng để diễn đạt hành động xảy tương lai gần VD: - Look! It is going to rain - She is going to have a baby - Dùng để diễn đạt dự định tương lai VD: - We are going to have a meeting in a moment - We are going to get to the airport at a.m this morning Exercise Give the correct tenses of the verbs provided I (leave) home at o’clock every morning She usually (work) in the Bach Mai hospital, but at the moment she (do) a training course in Lon Don Linda (wash) her hair every day He (try) very hard in every game that he (play) Excuse me I think that you (sit) in my seat (you/ listen) to the radio every often? Don’t talk to me now I (write) an important letter We (go) on holiday to Scotland last year Yesterday we (walk) to the park and then we (play) tennis 10 It (snow) when I left home this morning Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 11 I tried to explain my problem to her, but she (not/ listen) 12 A lot of people (wait) for the bus at 7.30 last night 13 I was living in London when I (meet) them 14 I (never/ hear) of this group before Are they famous in your country? 15 I (not/ see) him for months How is he? 16 (you/ ever/ win) a competition? Yes, I (win) in 2001 17 When I (return) with my camera, the bird had flown away 18 Are you coming to the cinema on Sunday? I’m not sure I (phone) you on Monday 19 Don’t change your clothes now We (be) late for the show 20 It’s his birthday He (be) thirty on Saturday 21 What you plan to when you (finish) your course at college? 22 I asked the driver to slow down She (drive) too fast 23 The last time I (go) to London was when I (be) 25 I (not have) time to visit all the places I (want) to see 24 He (leave) for London years ago and I (not see) him since then 25 I was alone in the house at that time because Mr.John (work) in the garage and Mrs John (shop) 26 They (build) that bridge when I (be) there last year, they (not finish) it yet 27 How fast you (drive) at the time of the accident? 28 You (look) very busy when I (see) you last night What you (do) .? IV Câu hỏi đuôi (Tag question) - Câu chia làm thành phần tách biệt dấu phẩy - Nếu động từ phần thể khẳng định phần phủ định ngược lại VD: - It is raining now, isn’t it? - It isn’t raining now, is it? - Động từ to be dùng trực tiếp, động từ thường dùng trợ động từ, động từ thời kép: future, perfect, progressive dùng với trợ động từ thời VD: - She is tall, isn’t she? - The boys don’t have class tomorrow, they? - You talked with the professor yesterday, didn’t you? - Lan and Mai have been to Hanoi, haven’t they? - There is, there are: VD: There aren’t many people in the cinema, are there? - Động từ to have: Where there is a will, there is a way 10 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 → between/ Friday/ p.m/ a/ on/ and/ meeting/ p.m/ is/ There/ // → because/ wearing/ are/ name/ school/ their/ uniforms/ of/ school’s/ students/ their/ being/ bearing / of / labels / with / proud / to be / students / the uniforms / encourages / they / Wearing /.// → VIII Dùng từ gợi ý viết câu hoàn chỉnh We / wish / can / speak / English / well → Today / young generation / be / fond / wear / jeans → They / be / pen pals / for years → Last night / I / be / tired / , / so / I / go / bed / early → Wearing / casual clothes / make / school / more colorful / lively → ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 30 I Hãy chọn từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với từ lại câu sau A hate B hat C bad D had A tea B tend C sent D listen A bill B gift C tidal D public A impress B separate C express D depend A fourteen B free C seem D engineer II Khoanh tròn vào đáp án A, B, C, D _ Nam was tired; he helped his mother with her housework A Because B Although C Despite D However My children are very _ about going to the zoo A interested B interesting C excited D exciting The doctor _ me not to stay up too late at night A insisted B suggested C advised D forced My father for the motorbike factory since 1995 A worked B has worked C was working D is working Where you go if you have a car? A will B C did D would C see D have seen It’s 10 years since I last her A saw B seeing Where there is a will, there is a way 122 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 You will pass the exam you work harder A unless B although C without D if He enjoys for a short walk after dinner A going B to go C go D goes If she were younger, she play tennis and join our club A will B shall C can D would 10 The train I usually catch is late today A who B which C where D when III Cho dạng động từ ngoặc để hoàn thành câu sau My sister can run very (quick) Tet is the most important for Vietnamese people (celebrate) The price of has gone up again (electric) We believe the new program will be to everyone (benefit) We are all impressed by their (friendly) IV Đọc đoạn văn khoanh tròn đáp án A, B, C, D It is very important (0) water carefully Here are some ways you can use less water First, you should (1) sure you turn off the faucets tightly They should not drip in the bathroom or kitchen sink (2) , you should not keep the water on for a long time You should turn it off while you are doing something else It should be off while you are shaving or (3) your teeth It should also be off while you are washing the dishes Finally, in the summer you should water your garden in the evening By doing that you won’t lose (4) water During the day the sun (5) up the earth too quickly A be B to be C being D been A Two B Twice C Second D Double A sweeping B brushing C washing D rubbing A many B a lot of C few D a few A dry B drying C to dry D dries V Đọc đoạn văn trả lời câu hỏi sau Ha Long - Bay of the Descending Dragon – is popular with both Vietnamese and international tourists One of the attractions of Ha Long is the Bay’s calm water with limestone mountains The Bay’s water is clear during the spring and early summer Upon arriving in Ha Long city, visitors can go along Chay Beach From the beach, they can hire a boat and go out to the Bay It is heard that the visitors can find some of Southeast Asia’s most beautiful sites Dau Go Cave is one of the most beautiful caves at Ha Long It was the cave where General Tran Hung Dao hid wooden stakes to beat the Mongols on Bach Dang River in 1288 Who is Ha Long popular with? → 2.What is one of the attractions of Ha Long? → How can tourists go out to the Bay? → Is Dau Go Cave one of the most beautiful caves at Ha Long? Where there is a will, there is a way 123 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 → Where did General Tran Dao hide wooden stakes in 1288? → VI Viết lại câu sau cho nghĩa câu không thay đổi They don’t have lots of money but they try to buy a new house → Although I can’t buy that comic because I don’t have enough money → If I had “Why we don’t go to Ha Long Bay?” said Tom → Tom suggested People speak English all over the world → English The teacher said: “Don’t talk in class.” → The teacher told us VII Dùng từ gợi ý viết câu hoàn chỉnh Mary/ usually/ work/ hard/ than/ brother → He/ used/ go/ fishing/ when/ small → How many/ hour/ you/ spend/ do/ homework/ everyday? → He/ looking/ forward/ see/ mother/ again → Last Sunday/ be/ beautiful/ day/ and/ our class/ go/ picnic → VIII Sắp xếp từ thành câu hoàn chỉnh well/ father/ My/ not/ does/ English/ speak/ very → time/ you/ in/ your/ doing/ do/ What/ free/ ? → you/ If/ want/ pass/ the/ , / exams/ working/ you/ to/ star/ should/ now → our/ We/ destroying/ to/ the/ forests/ as/ are/ stop/ important/ they/ environment/ should → ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 31 I Hãy chọn từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với từ lại câu sau A option B mention C question D federation Where there is a will, there is a way 124 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 A tear B clear C dear D heard A hate B that C cat D hand A practised B walked C helped D used A school B machine C mechanic D christmas II Khoanh tròn vào đáp án A, B, C, D It is very nice you to give me this present A on B of C at - “Would you like to go fishing with me next Sunday?” A Yes, please B Yes, I’d love to D by - “ .” C No, thanks D Yes, I would He is the man helped me yesterday A which B whom –“Do you collect stamps or other things? A collecting C who D whose -“Yes, I’m a stamp .” B collector C collect D collection My father has to go to work .it is raining hard A but B because C and D although My children are very _ about going camping A excited B interesting C interested D exciting She used to .her living by working as a typist A earn B raise C support D live –“What does your father in his freetime?” -“He plays guitar A a B the C an D x Your brother didn’t go to school yesterday, ? A did he B didn’t he C was he D wasn’t he 10 We can’t earn money .we have no job A unless B until C if D without III Cho dạng động từ ngoặc để hoàn thành câu sau She suggested (use) gas instead of burning coal In 1971, two men (clain) that they were captured by aliens If I have his address, I (give) it to you Bob and Sara (be) penpals for nearly four years Yesterday when I came to see my form teacher, he ( read) magazines IV Đọc đoạn văn khoanh tròn đáp án A, B, C, D My village is about 50 kilometers from the city center It is a very beautiful and(1) place where people (2) flowers and vegetables only It’s very famous for its pretty roses and picturesque (3) The air is quite (4) ; however, the smell of the roses makes people feel cool In spring, my village looks like a carpet with plenty of (5) Tourists come to visit it so often Nowadays, with electricity, it doesn’t take the villagers much time to water the roses And even at night, people can walk along the path and enjoy the fresh smell of the flowers A peace B peaceful C peacefully Where there is a will, there is a way D quite 125 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 A grow B buy C grew D bought A scenery B sneces C sceens D scenes A dirty B fresh C bad D hot A colors B colorful C spors D styles V Đọc đoạn văn trả lời câu hỏi sau About twenty percent of the world’s present energy comes from the sun in one form or another Special devices have already been made available to put on the roofs of houses and flats to catch the sun’s rays and thus heat water Thousands of these devices are now being used to provide energy in homes throughout the United States while more than a million solar water-heating units have already been built in homes in Japan Other purposes for which solar energe is at present being used include the removal of salt from seawater, irrigation and sewage disposal For most people in developing countries, the need is not for air-conditioners or central heating but for cheap ways of cooking food, drying crops and lighting homes What percent of the world’s present energy comes from the sun? → What helps houses and flats to catch the sun’s rays? → Is the solar energy beging used to remove salt from seawater at present ? → The word “ put on” in line mostly means A use B give C install D take What does the “ which” in line refers to A removal of salt B seawater C sewage disposal D Other purposes VI Viết lại câu sau cho nghĩa câu không thay đổi The last time I ate pork was a month ago → I haven’t It took them half an hour to find these keys → They spent These shows attract many young people → Many “ When are you coming back, Nga ?” said Thuy → Thuy asked Tom and Peter didn’t come They were invited → Tom and Peter, VII Dùng từ gợi ý viết câu hoàn chỉnh I / not / write / penpal / for / two months./ → I first / go / abroad / 2000 / when / I / be / student/ Where there is a will, there is a way 126 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 → If today / be / Saturday / we / go / shop / the Big C./ → Although / he / have / very important job / he / not be / particularly well- paid./ → Easter / joyful festival / celebrate / many countries/ the world./ → ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 32 I Hãy chọn từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với từ lại câu sau A blood B pool C food D tool A concerned B received C attacked D pleased A number B return C summer D product A entrance B paddy C bamboo D banyan A market B depart C scare D card II Khoanh tròn vào đáp án A, B, C, D I can’t understand the French visitors I wish I French A knew B will know C know D have known The church about 100 years ago A is built B was built C will be built D has been built People in Israel are going to celebrate their festival is called Passover A whose B who C which D where I was really tired , I couldn’t sleep A Even though B So C Therefore D Because of Lan is very tired , she has to finish her assignment before going to bed A Although B So C Therefore D However I suggest some money for poor children A raise B to raise C raised D raising She asked me if I a laptop computer the following day A buy B will buy C bought D would buy I telephone her if I knew her number A would B have to C will D shall Honda motorbikes in Viet Nam A produce B will produce C are produced D would produce 10 Your sister works in a foreign company, she? A isn’t B didn’t C wasn’t D doesn’t III Cho dạng động từ ngoặc để hoàn thành câu sau Where there is a will, there is a way 127 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 Look!A man (run)…………………… after the train He(want)………………… to catch it What she (do)……………… when you (arrive)…………… her house yesterday? He (leave)…………… school last year Since then he (work) ……… as a worker ina factory We used (write)………… to each other every month when we (be) ……….….at secondary school IV Cho dạng từ ngoặc để hoàn thành câu sau Air and water …………… can make people fall ill POLLUTE Their …………… lasted for a lifetime FRIEND What have they done to their own country ? MODERN Lan wants to be a fashion when she grows up DESIGN He is a very ………… person.He broke two cups today CARE V Đọc đoạn văn khoanh tròn đáp án A, B, C, D All of us use energy everyday for transportation, cooking (1) …… and coling rooms, manuf acturring, lighting, and enter tainment The choices impact our environment and our lives There are many things we can touse less energy and use it more wisely Two main way to (3) ………… energy are energy conservation and energy efficiency Turning the lights off when you leave the room and (4) ………… aluminum cans are both ways of conserrving energy (5)………The same function A compact fluoresunt light bulb that uses less energy than an ordinary bulb to produce the same amout of light is an example of energy efficiency A lighting B heating C hotting D airing A when B why C how D which A store B produce C use D save A reusing B returning C recyling D redoing A perform B to perform C performing D to performing VI Đọc đoạn văn trả lời câu hỏi sau The environment is everything around us, both natural and made by man A major problem in the world today is the destruction of the natural environment This is a complicated problem We burn fuel, and this causes air pollution We throw away plastic bags, containing toys and other objects These stay in the environment, they are not like paper or wood that slowly disappear We have made thousands of new chemicals Factories that make or use chemicals always have chemical wastes These are often poisonous, and they also stay in the environment Since 1945 several countries have been testing nuclear bombs in the air and underground The explosions in the air cause nuclear fallout The fallout causes cancer and kills animals and people Nuclear power plants that make electricity also produce dangerous wastes and have accidents that can be very disastrous What is one of the major problem in the world today ? → Is the destruction of the natural environment a complicated problem ? → What causes air pollution ? → When have several countries been testing nuclear bombs in the air and underground? Where there is a will, there is a way 128 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 → How can accidents of nuclear power plants be? → VII Viết lại câu sau cho nghĩa câu không thay đổi It’s a pity that I can’t speak Spanish → I wish …………………………………………………………………………… 2.Shall we use gas instead of burning coal ? → I suggest 3.Tom failed the exam because of his laziness → Because Tom To make friends in the new school is not easy for a new student → It’s 5.“Please don’t smoke in the house.” she said to us → She told …………………………………………………………………………… VIII Sắp xếp từ thành câu hoàn chỉnh We / the /use /of /water / reduce /and/pay /electricity/, /we’ll /to /more/ this Unless//have/month → You/you /known /your /result/,/have /? /haven’t/exam → If / go/ on / trash /here /, /our /will / polluted/ /we/ throwing/neighborhood/be → The / who/taught /English /year /is /teacher/ us/last/Mrs Green → I / I / test / knew /answer /key /to /now./ wish / the/this → ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 33 I Hãy chọn từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với từ lại câu sau A great B meat C seat D repeat A suck B pollute C funnel D dump A watched B cooked C washed D pleased A ache B chemist C cheerful D scholarship A supply B simply C deny D rely II Khoanh tròn vào đáp án A, B, C, D If I a flower, I would be a sunflower A am B were C was D will be It's very hot today I wish I _on the beach now Where there is a will, there is a way 129 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 A am B was C were D had been Tuan goes to school late, .? A isn’t he B doesn’t Tuan C does he D doesn’t he That is story I’ve ever read A better B best C the best D the better I congratulated Nga …… ……winning the first prize A on B in C at D between She phoned me while I a picture A have drawn B drew C was drawing D am drawing The teacher encouraged good compositions A us write B us to write C us to writing D we to write Tomorrow we'll go to Noi Bai Airport to meet Maryam, _comes from Malaysia A who B whom C whose D that We have lived in this flat five years A ago B already C since D for 10 She was sick yesterday, she was absent from school A since B so C because D but III Cho dạng động từ ngoặc để hoàn thành câu sau I (wash) my hair everyday Both she and I (not have) time to any typing since Monday If you take your father’s advice, you (succeed) Stop talking! The teacher (explain) the lesson at the moment A letter (write) by Sarah when I came IV Cho dạng từ ngoặc để hoàn thành câu sau My father is a driver He has never had any accidents (care) The Internet is a wonderful of modern life (invent) The children are playing in the schoolyard now (happy) Mr Brown is a He can sing well and compose songs (music) Last year our family had an summer vacation in Nha Trang (enjoy) V Đọc đoạn văn khoanh tròn đáp án A, B, C, D Dear Sir, I saw your (1) of English classes in Sunflowers magazine and I am (2) in coming to your Foreign Language Center this summer I have learnt English for two years but I have never been to England and I feel that it is now necessary, especially to improve my pronunciation Could you please (3) me more information about your courses and an (4) form? I would also like some information about accommodation I can your tests for attending your course if necessary I look forward (5) hearing from you as soon as possible Yours faithfully, J.B.John Where there is a will, there is a way 130 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 A advertisement B advertise C advertised D advertising A interest B interested C interestingly D interesting A to send B sent C send D sending A apply B applied C application D applicant A of B for C in D to VI Đọc đoạn văn trả lời câu hỏi sau The Hung King temple is located on the Nghia Linh Mountain, Hy Cuong commune, Phong Chau district, Phu Tho province, 85 kilometers northwest of Hanoi Every year, a national festival called Hung King temple Festival is held to worship the Hung Kings, who were instrumental in the founding of the nation The festival used to last for days from the th to the 11th of the 3rd month of the lunar calendar (lunar March) From 2010 the festival is from the st to the 10th of lunar March A day before the festival, ancient and modern flags are to be along the road leading from Viet Tri to Hung mountain A large balloon will also publicise the festival to surrounding areas On the eve of the festival, 100 flying lights are released into the night sky The main worship service is held early the following morning, 10 th day, beginning with a flower ceremony In Den Thuong (Upper Temple) where the Hung Kings used to worship deities with full rituals, the ceremony consists of a lavish five-fruit feast Banh chung (square cake) and Banh giay (circle cake) are also served to remind people of the Lang Lieu Legend (the 18th Hung King who invented these cakes), and the merit of the Hung Kings who taught people to grow rice * Questions: Where is the Hung King temple located? → Is Hung King temple Festival held to worship the Hung Kings every year? → How many flying lights are released into the night sky on the eve of the festival? → Who invented Banh chung (square cake) and Banh giay (circle cake)? → Hung King temple Festival has lasted for days in lunar March since 2010 A B 10 C 15 D 20 The person who invented Banh chung and Banh giay was A Hung Vuong King’s 18th son B Hung King C Hung Vuong King’s uncle D Hung Vuong King’s sister VI Viết lại câu sau cho nghĩa câu không thay đổi Despite having flu, Mai has to take her final exam → Although Mai The house is painted yellow It was built three years ago → The house which The cake is too hard for me to eat → It is such Where there is a will, there is a way 131 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 They don’t have enough money, so they can’t buy a new house → A new house could “Why don’t you study English in order to find a good job, Nam?” said Ba → Ba advised VII Dùng từ gợi ý viết câu hoàn chỉnh use/ instead/ should/ coal/ energy/ of/ gas/ We/ and/ solar/ → working/ ago/ started/ this/ five/ in/ She/ years/ company/ → harder/ will/ work/ she/ the/ , / doesn’t/ fail/ If/ exams/ she/ → money/ children/ the/ suggest/ some/ I/ raising/ poor/ for/ → people/ ,/ especially/ spend/ so/ Many/ time/ surfing/ the/ much/ that/ they/ internet/ not/ have/ do/ doing/ other/ time/ things/ important/ children → BÀI THI TUYỂN SINH LỚP 10 THPT I Khoanh tròn phương án A, B, C D ứng với từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác A which B what © who D when A ready B bread C meat D health A that B their A cried B published C think C ordered D than D sprayed II Khoanh tròn phương án A, B, C D ứng với từ có trọng âm rơi vào vị trí âm tiết A money B student © afraid D people A finish B design C control D provide A paper B tonight C lecture D story III Khoanh tròn phương án A, B, C D ứng với từ, cụm từ để điền vào This test must be done A care B careful © carefully D careless C D haven’t You have been to England, you? A don’t B have Who will look _ your children when you go away? Where there is a will, there is a way 132 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 A for B at C up D after Lan was very tired _, she had to finish her homework before going to bed A However B Therefore C So D Although C the D We haven’t been to cinema for ages A an B a That’s the man works in the same company with me A which B whose C whom D who C to D for I agree my sister on many things A on B with It takes a long time a foreign language A to learn B to learning C learning D for us learn The ao dai is the dress of Vietnamese women A traditional B casual C baggy D beautiful C subject D activity My favorite is Literature A play B game 10 The internet has developed and become part of our life A increasing B increasingly C increase D increased IV Tìm dạng động từ ngoặc câu, sau điền vào chỗ trống để hồn chỉnh Last night I (go) went to the zoo with my friends They (have) breakfast at 6.30 every day If I meet him tomorrow, I (tell) him the truth The last time I (meet) _ Maryam was two months ago She (just make) a birthday cake for her son We (waste) _ too much power at the moment V Đọc đoạn văn khoanh tròn phương án A, B, C D ứng với từ thích hợp Every year students in many (0) learn English (1) of these students are young children Others are teenagers Many are adults Learning another language! Learning English! Why all these people want to learn English? It is (2) to answer that question Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects Where there is a will, there is a way 133 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 Many adults learn English because it is (3) for their work Teenagers often learn English (4) their higher studies, because some of their books are in English at the college or university Other people learn English (5) they want to read newspapers or magazines in English A houses B homes © countries D families A None B Some C Any D All A horrible B cold C difficult D careful A use B useful C using D useless A for B with C to D of A although B but C despite D because VI Đọc đoạn văn, trả lời câu hỏi 1, 2, khoanh tròn phương án trả lời thích hợp cho câu 4, (2,0 điểm) Smoking causes lung cancer, which is the number one cancer among men Ninety percent of the people who get lung cancer die Smoking is also the leading cause of mouth cancer, tongue cancer, and throat cancer Many smokers have heart disease and pneumonia Smoking causes one million early deaths in the world every year Smokers not only harm themselves but also harm others Smokers breathe smoke out into the air They breathe it out on their children and their wives or husbands Children whose parents smoke have more breathing and lung problems than other children Women who are married to smokers are more likely to have lung cancer than those married to non-smokers We are all aware that smoking is bad So why people smoke? What is the number one cancer among men? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Is smoking the main cause of mouth cancer, tongue cancer and throat cancer? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… How many early deaths does smoking cause in the world every year? …………………………………………………………………….…………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… What does the word “it” in paragraph refer to? A cancer B air C smoke D breath Where there is a will, there is a way 134 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 Who are more likely to have lung cancer and lung problems? A People who live in the city B People who live with smokers C People who live with non-smokers D People who live in the country VII Hoàn thành câu thứ hai cho nghĩa khơng đổi so với câu cho, ví dụ (câu 0) làm I like speaking English to my classmates  I am fond of speaking English to my classmates She has done this job for a year  This "I'm working in a restaurant now", she said  She said Let’s visit the museum this afternoon  Why don’t Going swimming in a pool in the summer is interesting  It Although the children were poor, they seemed very happy  Despite their… VIII Dùng từ cụm từ gợi ý để viết thành câu hồn chỉnh Có thể thực thay đổi I/ enjoy / meet/ friends  I enjoy meeting my friends We/ not see/ him/ a long time/ ………………………………………………………………………… She/ used/ live/ her uncle/ ………………………………………………………………………… Hoa/ learn/ how/ play/ piano/ now/ ………………………………………………………………………… How long/ it/ usually take you/ do/ homework/? Where there is a will, there is a way 135 Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 ………………………………………………………………………… We/ be/ proud/ children/ because/ they/ always/ study/ well/ ………………………………………………………………………… IX Sắp xếp từ cụm từ sau để tạo thành câu ngữ pháp hoàn chỉnh ngữ friend/ is/ She/ a/ mine/ of  She is a friend of mine you/ a/ would/ What/ do/ if/ saw/ you/ UFO/? ………………………………………………………………………………………… is/ for/ languages/ to learn/ necessary/ It/ us/ foreign/ ………………………………………………………………………………………… books/ to/ She/ often/ before/ reads/ bed/ going/ ………………………………………………………………………………………… the book / you/ returning/ Would/ to the library/ mind/? ………………………………………………………………………………………… television/ can/ Thanks to/ the/ get/ information/ people/ latest/ and/ interesting/ programs / enjoy/ ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… Where there is a will, there is a way 136 ...Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 - The + tên đồ hợp xướng, dàn nhạc cổ điển, ban nhạc phổ thông VD: the Bach choir, the Beatles ……… - The + tên tờ báo... some/ any” Little/ a little: a Little: - Little + danh từ khơng đếm = not enough: q ít, không đủ, không VD: I have little money, not enough to buy groceries b A little: - A little + danh từ khơng... sánh “Few” Dùng với danh từ số nhiều danh từ không đếm Eg: - February has fewer days than March Where there is a will, there is a way Tài liệu ôn vào lớp 10 - Vietnamese students have fewer vacations
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