Tài Liệu tổng hợp ôn thi Toeic

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Tài liệu tổng hợp các điểm ngữ pháp thông dụng trong đề thi Toeic giúp bạn ôn thi theo kiểu đề thi mới áp dụng từ 22019 hiệu quả. Sách được chia thành các điểm ngữ pháp, giúp bạn làm tốt part 5, part 6. 800+ Toeic không còn quá khó khăn nếu bạn vận dụng tốt cuốn sách này Beginning TOEIC Test-taking Skills VERY EASY m A n n e Ta y l o r G a r re t t B y r n e i l • VERY EASY TOEIC® Second Edition Beginning TOEIC’ Test-taking Skills Anne Taylor Garrett Byrne â 2007 Compass Publishing All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission in writing from the publisher TOEIC is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Services (ETS) Acquisitions Editor: Garrett Byrne Development Editor: Emily Page Recording Manager: Wendy Oh Recording Assistant: Elisa Ha Cover/Interior Design: Dammora Inc Email: info@compasspub.com http://www.compasspub.com ISBN: 978-1-59966-024-0 10 09 08 07 10 PHOTO CREDIT Jupiterlmages Corporation: ( © 2005 Photos.com) IMSI MasterPhotos: ( © 1997) Beginning TüOIC Test-taking Skills VERY EASY TOEIC* S e c o n d E d i t i o n A n n e l ay I o r ( ¡ a r r e t t Byrne Compass Publishing CONTENTS At a Glance Prefac e Introduction UNI Present Tense 15 Past Tense 29 Gerunds / Infinitives 43 Subject-Verb Agreement 57 Auxiliaries 71 Relative Pronouns 85 Nouns / Pronouns 99 Adjectives / Adverbs 113 Comparisons 127 UNIT 10 Conjunctions 141 UNIT 11 Modifiers 155 UNIT 12 Negation 169 T UNI T UNI T UNI T UNI T UNI T UNI T UNI T UNI T Practice Test 183 Suppo rt 228 Transcript At the Glance Answer Key 24 Vocabulary Listening Unit frown/yawn/cry/laugh Unit pay/sell/try on/shop Unit Unit Unit nod/act/clap/kiss return/count/shake/lend stretch/ride/swim/play row/dance/make/kick work/wrap/build/desig n measure/serve/deliver/ type say/call/chat/shout talk/yell/speak/whisper Unit point/raise/write/wave Unit feed/chew/have/eat Unit Unit Unit 10 hug/help/cheer/show pour/cook/bring/give hop/jump/chase/load play/fix/march/fly clean/wash/cut/comb sweep/fold/polish/che ck sing/paint/play/watch take a bath/lie/read/relax Unit 11 stand/hide/get up/wait Unit 12 wal k/th row/wat e r/cl i look/listen/wear/rest m b pick/gather/dig/park Grammar Focus Reading though/through already/yet sometime/sometim es Preposit ion Present Tense at borrow/lend appointment/promise be used to/used to Past Tense in fun/funny mind/remind get on/take Gerunds / Infinitives from by/until during/for employee/employer Subject-Verb Agreement to bring/take advice/advise say/tell Auxiliaries by affect/effect another/other when/while Relative Pronouns with desert/dessert a few/a little any/some Nouns / Pronouns for almost/most hard/hardly late/lately Adjectives / Adverbs into fewer/less object/subject raise/rise Comparisons on Conjunctions over either/too look/seem hear/listen Modifiers about explode/explore wander/wonder afford/effort Negation of quiet/quite interested/interesti ng lay/lie Preface Very Easy TOEIC® Second Edition has been designed for beginninglevel students of English who need to start preparation for the TOEIC® This book contains twelve units, one practice test, and support with a transcript and answer key Each unit in this book contains a vocabulary section, a clear and concise grammar focus section, grammar exercises, and a Mini Test Vocabulary A Listening: With simple listening practice, students study vocabulary frequently appearing on the TOEIC® B Reading: Pair exercises help students distinguish between commonly confused words Grammar Focus and Exercises This part outlines fundamental grammar points frequently tested on the TOEIC® Each unit begins with a brief explanation of the target grammar, including key points The units also provide exercises based on the format of TOEIC® grammar questions, allowing students to practice their understanding of the grammar point Mini Test This section provides a mini test that incorporates the same types of questions as the latest TOEIC® format With this, students can not only review the grammar learned in Grammar Focus and Exercises but also become familiar with the kind of tasks they will encounter on the TOEIC® Practice Test The Practice Test provides students with an opportunity to take a fulllength, lower-level version of a TOEIC® test It introduces students to the new TOEIC® format, incorporating 100 listening questions and 100 reading questions Support — Transcript, Answer Key The Support includes reference materials related to the above chapters, including a transcript for all listening tasks in each unit and in the practice test, an answer key for each unit and the practice test, and a blank sample answer sheet for use when taking the full-length practice test ntroduction About TOEIC' TOEIC® stands for Test of English for International Communication It is divided into two main sections: Listening and Reading The Listening section tests the ability to understand spoken English The Reading section tests the knowledge of grammar and vocabulary and the ability to read and understand short passages There are a total of 200 questions on the TOEIC® test, and the test lasts about two hours All of the items are multiple-choice questions with three or four possible answers The following chart outlines the organization of the test as of May 2006: Section l: Listening Test Part 1: Picture Description Part 2: 10 questions Questions and Responses Part 3: 30 questions Short Conversations Part 4: Short 30 questions Talks Listening Total 30 questions 100 questions 45 minutes Section 2: Reading Test Part 5: Incomplete Sentences Part 6: Incomplete Texts Part 7: Reading Comprehension Reading Total 40 questions 12 questions 48 questions 100 questions hour 15 minutes Grand Total 200 questions hours LISTENING InTEST this section of the test, you will have the chance to show how well you understand spoken English There are four parts to this section, with special directions for each part K5301 Picture Description The directions for Part of the TOEIC' appear on the test as follows: /■ -\ In this part of the test, you will hear four statements about each picture in your textbook After listening to all four statements, you must select the one statement that best describes what you see in the picture Then, find the number of that question on your answer sheet and mark your answer The statements will be spoken only one time, and are not printed in your test book Directions: Look at the sample below Now listen to the four statements The woman is using a musical instrument (B) The woman is typing on a computer (C) The woman is playing a video game (D) The woman is sitting behind the table (A) Sample Answer @âđ Statement (B), The woman is typing on a computer,” best describes what you see in the picture Therefore, you should choose answer (B) V _/ TIPS Preview the picture before the statements are read Ask yourself, "Who?” “What?” “Where?” > Focus on the meaning of the statements as a whole * Answer the question as quickly as possible If you don’t know the answer, guess and begin previewing the next picture • TRICKS Incorrect answers may contain similar sounding words, e.g The woman is tying on a computer Incorrect answers may give wrong pronouns, numbers, and locations, e.g He is typing on a computer / There are two computers / The woman is sitting under the sofa Incorrect answers may include a correct word e.g The computer is for sale / The woman is sitting with some friends (A) Walk around the zoo (D) The elephant earlier much m o r e a s ( B ( B ( A ( D ( B ( A ( C ( D ( D ( C ( A ( B ( A ( D ( B ) Par t6 both nice open into hard patient for whose empty have often surprising to for to Incompl ete Mini Test (B) almost Part Picture Description (C) chased (A) The boy is playing a violin (A) help (C) The couple is dressed for a party (C) into (B) The man is working (A) good (C) They are looking at each other (D) our (D) The couple is in the mountains Part Reading Comprehension Part Question and Response (C) The Giants, the Yellow Socks, the Tigers, and the Superstars (C) I just polished them (A) The Superstars (A) Fewer than last year (B) At summer camp (B) Wait I'll sweep it (A) In a couple of weeks (A) But it’s faster than driving (B) She enjoys it (B) On Sunday (A) Tokyo (C) London (C) July 30,h (C) $200 Part Short Conversations (D) Five cups (B) The woman should drink less coffee (B) It helps her focus on her work (A) A party (C) After 10 p.m (B) She left before he arrived Part Short Talks 10 (D) He takes a bus (A) 6:00 (C) Play tennis (B) Vehicles (D) Expensive ones 11 (A) 50°/o or less .3 01 11 21 31 41 ( B ( A ( C ( B ( B ( D ( A ( B ( A ( D ( C ( C ( B ( A ( B than faster expensive deeper more most interesting as faster taller running on which less has on raise Part Incomplete Texts (C) cheapest (B) most convenient (A) are (C) sooner (A) quicker (D) pay Part Reading Comprehension (C) O’Byrne’s Pub (B) Their parents are getting married (A) Asia (B) There are more girls from Asia than boys from Australia (C) 95 (D) On theFifth floor (C) A DVD (A) In the morning (A) To tell customers about changes player until quite interesting neither during since so as long as and 10 Although 12. Mini 13 Test Part Picture Description (C) They are lying on the grass (A) The man is holding a brush (B) This is a phone (B) These are dice (A) The man is sitting 14 (C) He plays tennis every day (A) I saw her last night (A) There’s a movie at eight o’clock (B) It’s five years old (C) Yes, I have a rabbit Part Short Conversations (A) To the bookstore (C) Go straight for one block, then turn left (C) Go to the supermarket (D) Some soap (B) He might buy the wrong soap 16 (A) That it has a wide variety of books Part Short Talks (C) Over ten years (B) His opponent hurt his shoulder (C) He threw him to the ground (A) Cooking (D) Tomorrow (B) A new job ( B ( B ( D ( A ( D ( C ( A ( B ( B ( D ( B ( C ( B ( D ( B because If Even though lie reading While or nor lately As soon as so by over could into Part Incomplete Texts Part Question and Response 15 1 1 (A) as soon as (C) what (A) most (B) for (A) until (C) back Part Reading Comprehension ( D ( B ( C ( C ( A ( A ( D ( B ( B terrible really A number of student any very enough money something warm M o s t s u c h Mini Test 17 Part Picture Description 18 (C) The man is holding a rabbit (B) People are at a cafe (C) The man is holding a fish (A) The beach is near the city (A) There are umbrellas over the tables Part Question and Response 19 (B) It was interesting (A) Nothing special (A) Almost (A) It starts next week (A) For ten years Part Short Conversations 20 (A) 75 cents (C) Five (A) $45 (C) At a railway station (D) To Midland Part Short Talks 21 (D) The local, because it is cheaper (C) People who find it difficult to relax (A) It gives them more energy (D) Every day except Monday (A) She loved it (A) Nobody (C) After her walks 1 any not never rarely 10 want 11 12 not to 13 14 does not 15 16 not 17 18 barely 19 20 never 21 22 23 Mini Test 24 Part Picture Description (C) This is a mouse (B) The girl is smiling (D) This is a farm (B) These are peaches (B) The woman is in the office Part Question and Response 25 26 1 1 ( D ( A ( C ( C ( C ( A ( B ( B ( A ( D ( C ( D ( A ( B ( C good every two weeks a lot of a little to wait so listening a few Most to enjoy more interested some has about either Part Incomplete Texts (D) Almost (A) enough (A) everyone (C) recent (B) looked (D) this Part Comprehension Reading (B) December 26'h (D) Because of the holidays (C) A chili hotdog (D) $8.00 (D) Six (A) Yes, we’ve met before (C) Four (A) Only a little bit (B) Tomorrow (B) It's six o'clock (D) (C) Thank you (B) Of course Part Short Conversations (A) Parking a car (A) They wasted a lot of time (D) Find a parking spot (C) The man was late for their appointment (D) 3:30 p.m (A) The man is often late They should read chapter (B) Chat with her friend a 27 Part Short Talks (C) Walk out of the building (D) On the football field (C) Twice a year (C) When they hear the bell (D) Their name and class number 28 (C) Three hours 1 1 ( D ( C ( B ( D ( A ( C ( A ( D ( A ( D ( A ( C ( B ( B ( A climbs not walking no so will never exploded Not wearing than plays does not to buy Not all used of could hardly Part Incomplete Texts (A) about (D) not to (C) had not (B) of (C) our (A) help Part Reading Comprehension (A) Columbian coffee (C) $4.00 (C) 4:00 p.m (B) Room 304 (D) Ayres Hall (D) April (C) Two (B) Photos g (A) At work Practice Test ••• 29 30 31 Part 48 (D) Her brother is a fireman, too (B) This is a keyboard 49 (B) Tom’s brother knows the woman’s brother (C) The people are watching a show 50 (B) There are a lot of black clouds (A) This is a boat 51 (C) She doesn’t have an umbrella (C) The women are dancing 52 (A) Lend the woman an umbrella (A) The woman is talking on the phone 53 (C) She forgot her wallet (D) The car is in front of the house 54 (C) $50 (A) The people are reading the menu 55 (C) Tomorrow (A) People are in the swimming pool 56 (D) A sofa (B) The man is sitting next to the table 57 (B) The color of his sofa 10 (A) The man is riding a jet ski 58 (A) Ask his mother for some information 59 (A) Her cell phone 32 Part 11 (A) I’m sorry, I’ll turn it off 12 (C) 555-3481 13 (A) Yes, I’d like that 14 (C) At seven o’clock 15 (B) No, not yet 16 (C) Yes, 17 (A) You’re welcome 18 (B) No, we don’t 19 (A) It’s next to the bank 20 (C) No, it’s too cold 21 (B) They’re going downtown 22 (A) I got a bicycle 23 (B) No, I didn’t 24 (C) Not at all 25 (A) He’s got a cold 26 (A) It was easy 27 (B) Would you like a piece? 28 (B) Yes, bought it yesterday 29 (C) No problem 30 (A) agree 31 (B) Yes, it’s on the sofa 32 (B) I went to a party33 (A) It’s downtown 34 (C) You take the number ten 35 (A) Sure 36 (C) I’m going with my family 37 (B) I usually go after work 38 (C) will buy a new cell phone 39 (B) I will be working at the bank 40 (B) I didn’t have time 60 (C) Her friend 61 (B) She is going to be late 62 (C) Next week 63 (B) New clothes 64 (C) At a department store 65 (D) His cell phone 66 (B) Under a file 67 (C) The batteiy was dead 68 (B) He quit his job 69 (B) She is surprised 70 (D) The man will look for a new job 34. _P art 71 (B) In a department store 72 (D) $25 73 (C) Parents 74 (C) Main Street 75 (C) The white line 76 (B) Number four 77 (C) In the city center 78 (B) Brown with white paws 79 (D) Fifty dollars 80 (A) Ten 81 (A) A Mexican restaurant 82 (C) He thought it was great fun 83 (C) In the north 84 (B) 23 degrees 85 (C) There will be some higher temperatures on 35 Tuesday 86 (B) To make English fun 87 (D) From 8-12 33 Part _ 41 (B) To attend a conference 42 (C) New York 43 (A) Tuesday 44 (C) Three 45 (D) Eight 46 (A) None 47 (C) He’s a fireman 88 (B) Practice speaking English 89 (A) He takes pictures 90 (C) Over three thousand dollars 91 (C) Newspapers 92 (C) Two hundred thousand 93 (D) To the city hospital 94 (B) Two hours, thirty minutes 95 (B) There is a problem with the heating system 96 (A) In twenty minutes 97 (D) The local radio station will make an 36 37 announcement 98 (C) On an airplane 99 (D) They are passing through some rough 38 149 (B) directly 150 (B) informed weather 151 (C) no more 100 (D) Lunch will be served 22 24 26 10 28 10 30 10 32 10 34 10 36 10 38 10 40 42 44 46 11 48 11 50 11 52 11 54 11 56 11 58 11 60 62 64 66 12 68 12 70 12 72 12 74 12 76 12 78 12 80 13 82 13 84 13 86 13 88 13 90 13 92 13 94 13 96 13 98 13 100 14 102 103 14 105 14 107 14 109 14 111 14 113 14 115 14 117 14 23 (A) her 25 (C) feeling 27 (C) They’re 29 (B) many 31 (C] to drink 33 (B) some 35 (A) any 37 (B) beautiful 39 (B) works 41 (A) for 43 (D] does 45 (C) by 47 (A) Swimming 49 (B) doing 51 (A) a 53 (A) take 55 (C) need 57 (B) as 59 (C) hiking 61 (B) for 63 (A) broke 65 (C) interesting 67 (D) for 69 (A) who 71 (D) to travel 73 (D) Many of 75 (B) any 77 (C) yet 79 (A) takes 81 (B) hard 83 (B) has 85 (A) on 87 (D) did 89 (B) made 91 (D) for 93 (A) Do 95 (C) orange 97 (B) these 99 (D) drinks 101 (A) play Part 104 (C) your 106 (B) to 108 (B) some 110 (B) about 112 (A) everyone 114 (C] tell 116 (B) what 118 (B) All 119 Part 152 (A) which 39 Part 153 (D) Next to a highway 154 (C) In winter 155 (C) In a hotel 156 (B) First by airplane, then by taxi, then by bus, 40 then by boat 157 (A) People who are often tired 158 (B) Because it has vitamins 159 (A) You have to take vitamin pills with Vitagetic 160 (A) In the blue bin 161 (C) Magazines 162 (A) Newspapers 163 (C) On the Internet 164 (A) A Michael Jackson concert 165 (C) $50 166 (D) Chinese food 167 (D) Sunday 168 (C) 56 West Sycamore Street 169 (B) One hour and fifteen minutes 170 (C) In the city 171 (A) In the morning and in the afternoon 172 (D] Twelve and a half hours 173 (A) His new house 174 (D) Three bedrooms 175 (B) A flower garden 176 (D) In February 177 (A) On the fourth floor 178 (D) To the second floor 179 (A) To the fifth floor 180 (B) The store will be relocating 181 (D) Music 11 182 (C) Science 11 183 (D) English 11 and Art 11 184 (C) It is much better than last year 185 (A) They think she will not be accepted by a 41 good university 186 (C) 150 dollars 187 (C) By email and telephone 188 (B) In a daily newspaper 189 (D) Just the sofa 190 (B) He will use his truck 191 (B) She was sick 192 (C) Discuss a play 193 (A) A student in Brittany’s English class 194 (D) Brittany and Jennifer’s English teacher 195 (C) There is a lot of homework for the next class 196 (C) People who have worked in restaurants before 197 (C) Eight 198 (A) Manager 199 (C) Ten years 200 (C) Mike wants to be manager at Giorgio’s Pizza 42 House 43 44 ANSWER SHEET 120 121 126 127 N ANSW 137 O ABC 146 147 122 128 N O 148 LISTENING (Parts 129 ANSW 139 ABC ANSW 141 ABC 150 151 125 -4) 132 133 N O ANSW 143 ABC 134 135 N O ANSW 145 ABCD 152 153 154 155 ©© 162 © 163 © 164 © 165 © 160 161 166.167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176.177 178 179 180 181 186.187 197 196 © © 207 206 ©© 217 216 ©© 227 226 ©© 236 237 188 189 199 190 191 200 201 182 183 193 192 ©© 203 202 © © 213 212 ©© 222 223 184 185 195 194 ©© 205 204 © © 215 214 ©© 225 224 ©© 235 234 ©© 245 244 © © 198 © 218 © ©0 209 208 ©©0 © 228 ©©© 238 246.247 248 256.257 267 266 ©© 277 276 258 © ©©© 286 287 1296 297 1306.307 268 278 288 219 ©© 229 © ©© 211 210 ©©© 220 221 ©©© 231 ©© 230 ©© 240 249 259 250 251 261 260 ©© 271 270 ©© 281 280 239 ©© 269 ©© 279 ©© ©©© 232 ©©© 242 241 © © ©©© © © © ©©© 233 ©©© 243 ©©© 252 253 263 262 ©© 273 272 ©© 283 282 © © ©©© © © © © © ©©© 254 255 265 264 ©© 275 274 ©© 285 284 © © ©©© 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316.317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326.327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 2346 ©© © 45 N O 149 159 1©© 158 © ©© 156.157 130 131 124 123 ©© ©© ©© 347 46 348 355 N O 375 385 395 356 ANSW 366 ABC 376 350 351 357 358 N O ©00 377 ©00 387 386 396 0000 397 0000 m 416 415 407 405 406 0 426 425 435 445 455 465 475 1485 495 505 436 00 446 417 437 447 0000 457 0000 467 ©00 477 0000 487 466 476 486 496 0000 506 ABC 378 497 N O 379 ©00 389 388 398 000 399 000 409 408 418 428 427 0©0 456 ANSW 368 359 360 438 0000 448 419 439 449 00© 459 0©0 469 00© 479 000 489 468 478 488 498 0©0 508 ABC 380 000© 390 ©00 400 @0© 410 © ©0 420 430 429 ©00 0000 458 ANSW 370 499 440 ©00 450 ©000 460 @©0 470 @000 480 0©@ 490 000© 500 0©@ 510 000 516 515 0000 507 0© 518 517 0©0 509 0 536 535 0 546 545 540 539 @ 00 550 549 00 525 555 565 47 READING (Parts 349 526 556 00 566 000 575 527 528 520 519 0 000 538 537 0 548 547 529 557 559 567 558 000 568 ©00 569 530 560 @00 570 0000 -7) 361 362 N O ANSW 372 ABCD 381 382 392 391 ©00 402 401 412 411 ©000 422 421 © 000 432 431 442 441 452 451 0©@ 462 461 0000 472 471 ©000 482 481 0©@ 492 491 0000 502 501 512 511 522 521 532 531 000 542 541 552 551 ©000 562 561 0000 572 571 1 353 352 @00 354 A NSWE 374 A 363 364 N O BC0 384 393 394 404 403 000 414 413 000 424 423 00 434 433 00 444 443 00© 454 453 000 464 463 0©@ 473 474 0 383 000 00 1483 484 © © @ © © © 000 494 © 504 @ 514 @ 523 524 ©©© 534 533 © 0@ 544 543 000 553 554 © 493 503 513 000 ©0@ 0©@ ©© 564 563 00 573 574 @ © ©0 © 00© 48 VERY EASY TOPIC Second F.dition 49 VERY EASY TOEICm Second Edition is designed lor beginning-level students ot English as an introduction to the TOEIC* Each ot the twelve units deals with one of the main grammatical points seen in the TOEIC* Each unit provides grammatical and listening exercises based on the specific points dealt with in that unit There is also a mini test at the end of each unit, which reinforces these grammar points and allows focused practice of each TOPIC' question type A full practice test is also provided VERY HAS Y IOEIC' Second Edition is extremely accessible to lower level students and provides an excellent foundation tor the new IOEIC'' test format 50 'UKII"* t / /(> l 1M it>1.1 ( \*'t nml Edition • General information about the IOEIC • Clear and precise grammar explanations • Thematic units with integrated grammar practice • An exercise section that distinguishes between commonly confused words • Focused practice of TOEIC question types • A mini practice test in each unit • One full-length practice test • Answer key and tape scripts for all mini tests and the full-length test 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 ISBN 978-1-59966024-0 64 65 66 67 68 Compas s Publishi ng WWW compasspub com/toeicskills 781599*660240 ...VERY EASY TOEIC Second Edition Beginning TOEIC Test-taking Skills Anne Taylor Garrett Byrne â 2007 Compass Publishing All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced,... interested/interesti ng lay/lie Preface Very Easy TOEIC Second Edition has been designed for beginninglevel students of English who need to start preparation for the TOEIC This book contains twelve units, one... TOEIC B Reading: Pair exercises help students distinguish between commonly confused words Grammar Focus and Exercises This part outlines fundamental grammar points frequently tested on the TOEIC
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