Tai lieu on tap THPT 2018 ( Môn Tiếng Anh)

280 21 0
  • Loading ...
1/280 trang
Tải xuống

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 27/11/2018, 21:40

Đây là tài liệu giành cho giáo viên để ôn tập cho học sinh học tập trong kỳ thi thpt quốc gia. Với gần 300 trang đầy đủ các chủ đề các bài tập trắc nghiệm để rèn luyện kỹ năng cho học sinh lớp 12 trong năm học 2018 2019 TÀI LIỆU ÔN TẬP THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2018 - 2019 MÔN TIẾNG ANH TENSES Period 1: The Present Simple Tense & The Present Continuous Tense A PRESENTATION The Present Simple Tense + “TO BE” * Formation Eg I am a student She isn’t a teacher Are they workers? – Yes, they are Where is Lan? – She is in the kitchen (+) S + am/is/are (-) S + am/is/are + not (?) – Yes/No question: Am/Is/Are+ S ? - Wh- question: Wh- + am/is/are + S? + ORDINARY VERBS Eg (+) They live in Tuyen Quang (-) They don’t live in Ha Giang (?) Do they live in Tuyen Quang? – Yes, they (+) He works in Hanoi (-) He doesn’t work in Tuyen Quang (?) Does he work in Hanoi? – Yes, he does * Wh-questions: (?) Where they live? – They live in Tuyen Quang (+) S (I, We, You, They) + V (infinitive without “to”) S (He, She, It) + V (s/es) (-) S (I, We, You, They) + not (don’t ) + V(infinitive without “to”) S (He, She, It) + does not (doesn’t) + V(infinitive without “to”) (?) Do + I/we/you/they + V(infinitive without “to”) ? Does + he/she/it + V(infinitive without “to”) ? * Wh- + do/does + S + V(infinitive without “to”) ? (Chú ý: Khi từ để hỏi chủ ngữ khơng áp dụng cấu trúc mà trật tự từ câu dạng khẳng định) Eg Who does it? What makes you sad? * Đối với chủ ngữ đại từ nhân xưng I, We, You, They danh từ số nhiều động từ chia dạng nguyên thể không “to”: Eg They often play volleyball in the afternoon * Nếu chủ ngữ dạng số (He, she, it) thêm “s” “es” vào sau động từ: - Cách thêm ‘s, es’ : + Thông thường ta thêm "s" vào sau động từ: works, likes, loves, wants, + Thêm “es” vào sau động từ tận "ss, x, z, ch, sh, o": misses, kisses, passes, relaxes, boxes, buzzes, teaches, approaches, finishes, washes, goes, does + Động từ tận phụ âm + "y", chuyển thành ‘i+es’: cry cries, fly  flies, study  studies, + Động từ tận nguyên âm + "y" tuân theo quy tắc thêm “s” thông thường: play  plays, say  says, pray  prays + Số “have” “has” * Use: - Diễn tả chân lí, kiện khoa học hay tượng tự nhiên Ex : Water boils at 100oC The sun rises in the east and sets in the west - Diễn tả phong tục, thói quen tại, thường có trạng từ: always, often, usually, sometimes, occasionally, never, generally, forever, rarely, every day/ year/ once/ three times a week/a month, Ex: We always go to school at a.m He often gets up at 5.30 - Một tình huống, cơng việc lâu dài, chương trình, thời khóa biểu, lịch tàu xe Ex: I’m a teacher He works in a bank The train to Ho Chi Minh City leaves at 5.30 am There is a football match at p.m on TV tonight More examples: + She usually(go) .to school by bus + John and Ann always(watch) TV after dinner The Present Continuous Tense * FORM Eg (+) I am reading an English book (-) She is not cooking in the kitchen at the moment (?) Are they playing handball with their friends now? * Wh-questions: Why is she crying? (+) S + am/is/are + V-ing (-) S + am/is/are + not + V-ing (?) Am/Is/Are+ S + V-ing? Wh-questions: Wh- + am/is/are + S + V-ing? (Chú ý: Khi từ để hỏi chủ ngữ không áp dụng cấu trúc mà trật tự từ câu dạng khẳng định Eg Who is talking in the room?) a) Cách thêm đuôi "-ing": Thông thường, ta thêm "-ing" vào sau động từ, nhiên : + Động từ tận "e", bỏ ‘‘e’’ thêm ‘‘-ing’’: live  living, drive  driving, + Động từ tận "ie", chuyển thành ‘‘y + ing’’: die  dying, lie  lying, + Động từ âm tiết âm tiết mà trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ kết thúc MỘT ngun âm MỘT phụ âm nhân đơi phụ âm cuối trước thêm "-ing" (ngoại trừ động từ kết thúc "w", "x") Stop  stopping, cut  cutting, sit  sitting, swim  swimming, Begin  beginning, But cook  cooking, teach  teaching, grow  growing, fix  fixing * USE - Diễn tả hành động xảy thời điểm nói xung quanh thời điểm nói, thường dùng với : now, right now, at the moment, at present, E.g: Tom is having dinner at the moment What are you doing now? Be quiet! The baby is sleeping Listen! Someone is crying somewhere - Diễn tả hành động xảy tương lai có kế hoạch trước: E.g: George is leaving for New York tomorrow What are you doing tonight? - Diễn tả hành động thường xuyên lặp lặp lại gây bực hay khó chịu cho người nói Cách dùng dùng với trạng từ “always, continually” E.g He is always losing his keys (Anh hay đánh chìa khóa) Notes: Không sử dụng dạng tiếp diễn (V_ing) với động từ nhận thức, tri giác sở hữu như: to be, see, hear, understand, know, like, want, feel, smell, remember, forget, … Với động từ này, ta dùng đơn giản E.g: I’m tired (Tôi mệt) B PRACTICE Exercise 1: Choose the best answers He often up late A get up B gets up C got up D getting up you often TV? A Do/watch B Do/watches C Have/watch D Does/watches Mr Brown English A speak B speaks C does speak D spoke I usually shopping on weekend A goes B does go C go D went Hai often his face at 6.15 A washes B washing C does wash D Wash Thanh and Mai always a movie on Saturdays A see B sees C see D does he often a bus to school? A Do/take B Is/take C Does/takes D Does/take We students in class 8A A are B is C D eat She homework in the evenings A not B does not C doing D 10 He usually a taxi to the railway station A takes B take C taking D does take 11 Look! A man you A calls B call C is calling D are calling 12 Keep silent! I to the radio A am listening B listen C is listening D listens 13 At the moment, I a book and my brother TV A read/watch B am reading/is watching C reading/watching D is reading/are watching 14 At the moment, Nam and his friends shopping at the mall A is going B goes C are going D go 15 Oh no! Look! It again It always in this country A snow/snow B snows/snows C snowing/snowing D is snowing/snows C HOMEWORK * Choose the best answers My and I always to the countryside by bus A went B goes C go D go Our teacher usually us many exercises A give B giving C gives D does give He often a train to work A catches B catch C don’t catch D catching The sun in the East A rise B rises C raise D does rise My old friend, Manh …………………… to me twice a month A phone B phones C phoned D phone What she says …………………… true A is B are C D does The weather generally …………… quite hot in July and August A get B gets C got D getting Michael………… thirsty eight hours a week A worked B work C works D working Peter usually ………lunch at school A have B has C had D having 10 They often ……………………their parents on every Saturday A visit B visits C does not visit D visiting 11 I …… with my parents but right now I ……… with some friends for a few days A live/stay B living/staying C am living/stay D live/am staying 12 Look! That boy ……… after the bus He ………… to catch it A is running/wants B run/want C running/wanting D runs/wants 13 What are you doing next Saturday? Nothing special I ………… at home A staying B am staying C stay D stayed 14 Where's John? He …………… to a new CD in his room A listens B listen C listening D is listening 15 Jean has been working hard all day but she ………… at the moment A isn’t working B not working C doesn’t work D aren’t working The Present perfect Tense & The Present Perfect Continuous Tense A PRESENTATION The Present perfect Tense * Form: Examples: (+) Nam has lived in Hanoi for 10 years (-) I have not found my door keys yet (?) Have you ever met him before? Yes, I have./No, I haven’t (?) What have you just done? (+) S + have/has + V(past participle) (-) S + have not (haven’t)/has not (hasn’t)+ V(past participle) (?) Have/Has + S + V(past participle)? * Wh- + have/has + S + V(past participle)? (I/We/You/They + have … ; He/She/It + has …) * USE: + The Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action happening in the past and still continuing at the present time (often used with since and for) Eg: We have lived in this city for 10 years She has worked in that company since 2000 + The Present Perfect Tense is used to express past actions whose time is not definite Eg: I have read the instructions but I don’t understand them He has gone away + The Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action happening in an incomplete period Eg: It has been cold this winter Have you seen him today? + The Present Perfect Tense is used to express a past experience Eg: I have been to Ho Chi Minh City several times He has done this job before + The Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action which will be completed in the future Eg: I will go when I have finished my homework He will phone you as soon as he has finished his work + The Present Perfect Tense is used with just for a recently completed action Eg: I have just bought a dictionary + The Present Perfect Tense is used with “not …… yet” Eg: I have not written to him yet + The Present Perfect Tense is used with “It is the first time/the second time….” Eg: It is the first time that he has been to Tuyen Quang + The Present Perfect Tense is used with the following adverbs: never, ever, recently, lately, already, up to now, so far, for a long time, for ages, for the past few months/years… The Present Perfect Continuous Tense * Form: Examples: (+) Nam has been living in Hanoi for 10 years (-) I have not been finding my door keys yet (?) Have you been cooking? Yes, I have./No, I haven’t (?) What have you been doing ? (+) S + have/has + been + V-ing (-) S + have not (haven’t)/has not (hasn’t)+ been + V-ing (?) Have/Has + S + been + V-ing? * Wh- + have/has + S + been+ V-ing? (I/We/You/They + have … ; He/She/It + has …) * USE: Thì diễn tả hành động bắt đầu khứ kéo dài liên tục đến Notes: Khơng dùng hồn thành tiếp diễn để nói tình tồn thời gian dài có always Eg: Alice has always worked hard (Không dùng has always been working hard) Khơng dùng hồn thành tiếp diễn với động từ liệt kê tiếp diễn(các động từ nhận thức, tri giác) Eg: How long have Bob and Alice been married? (Không dùng have Bob and Alice been being married) Các từ hay kèm là: * Since: + Mốc thời gian * For: + khoảng thời gian Eg: I have been studying French for five years B PRACTICE Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form My mother _ (teach) at Tan Trao High School since 1990 He already _ (be) in Ho Chi Minh City twice All the students in our class (study) harder recently It is the second time we (visit) Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum you _ (feed) the cat yet? No, I _ (not do) it English _ (be) popular all over the world for a very long time She (earn) her living since she graduated from university What they just _ (do)? We (not finish) our homework yet 10 It _ (rain) a lot this summer C HOMEWORK Exercise : Hoàn thành đoạn hội thoại sau cách chia động từ Tom: Hi Ana I (try) _1 _ to ring you several times today Where (you / be) _2 ? Ana: I (be) _3 _ at home all the time But I (clean) _ the house all day, so maybe I didn't hear the phone ring Tom: (you/ clean) everything now? Ana: No, not yet I (tidy/ not) _6 _ up the kitchen yet But why are you here? Tom: Don't you remember? Jane (invited) us to her birthday party and we (buy/ not) _8 _ a present for her yet Ana: Oh, that's right (you/ find out/ already) _9 _ what she wants? Tom: Well, she (learn) _10 Spanish for a year and wants to spend her next holiday in Mexico Maybe we could get her a guide book Ana: That's a good idea There is a good bookshop in the big shopping centre I (see) 11 some nice books about Mexico there recently THE SIMPLE PAST AND PAST CONTINUOUS TENSES A PRESENTATION The Simple Past Tense * Form + TO BE S + was/ were (not) + … Was/Were + S + .? Wh- + was/were + S + ? (I, he, she, it + was; you, we, they + were) + ORDINARY VERBS S + Ved S + did not (didn’t)+ V(infinitive) Did + S + V(infinitive”)? * USE: - Diễn tả hành động xảy kết thúc khứ với thời gian xác định Eg: She went shopping with me yesterday afternoon Lan wrote a long letter to her sister last night - Diễn tả thói quen hay cơng việc lâu dài khứ: used to + V-infinitive Eg: They used to play on the swings when they were children When I was a student, I always went to the library to borrow books - Các trạng từ thường dùng: ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week/month/year/Christmas, in 1995, The Past Continuous Tense * Form: S + was/were + V- ing S+ was/ were + not + V-ing Was/Were + S + V-ing? * USE - Diễn tả hành động xảy thời điểm hay khoảng thời gian khứ, thường dùng với at 7.00 pm yesterday, at this time last night, Eg: I was watching a football match on T.V at o'clock last night - Diễn tả hành động tiếp diễn khứ (QKTD) hành động khác xen vào/cắt ngang (quá khứ đơn) Eg: I was having dinner when he came - Diễn tả hai nhiều hành động xảy đồng thời thời điểm xác định khứ Eg: At 8p.m yesterday, Mary was watching TV while Tom was reading a newspaper B PRACTICE Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D I my old school teacher last week A visited B visit C am visiting D have visited A burglar _ into the house while we television A broke/ were watching B broke/ watched C had broken/ watched D broke/ had watched I all of my homework last night A finish B will finish C have finished D finished In the 19th century, it _ two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon A took B had taken C had taken D was taking When Carol _ last night, I my favorite show on television A was calling / watched C called / have watched B called / was watching D had called / watched When I _ home last night, I _ that Jane _ a beautiful candlelight dinner A had arrived / discovered / prepared B was arriving / had discovered / was preparing C have arrived / was discovering / had prepared D arrived / discovered / was preparing Sam _ to change a light bulb when he _ and _ A was trying / slipped / fell C tried / was slipping / falling B had been trying / slipped D / was falling d has tried / slips / falls I _ you last night after dinner, but you _ there Where _ you? A was calling / are not / are C called / were not / were B had called / had not been / were D called / have not been / are The Titanic _ the Atlantic when it _ an iceberg A was crossing / struck C had crossed / was striking B crossed / had struck D is crossing / strikes 10 The number of the participants in the survey _ 250 students for Oxford University A are B was C were D have been 11 I _ a terrible accident while I _ on the beach A see / am walking C saw / was walking B was seeing / walked D have seen / were walking 12 What _ when the fire alarm _ off? A are you doing / will go C have you done / would go B were you doing / went D will you / are going 13 They enthusiastically when their teacher in A discuss / comes C will have discussed / comes B will discuss / will come D were discussing / came 14 I have not met her for three years A The last time I met her was three years ago B It is three years when I will meet her C I did not meet her three years ago D During three years, I met her once 15 He last visited London three years ago A He has been in London for three years B He hasn't visited London for three years C He didn't visit London three years ago D He was in London for three years C HOMEWORK Choose the best option by circling the letter A, B, C or D I have not seen Tom for ages A It has been a long time since I last saw Tom B Tom and I not look the same age C Tom and I are friends for a long time D I often met Tom ages ago I haven't met my grandparents for five years A I have met my grandparents for five years B I often met my grandparents five years ago C I didn't meet my grandparents five years ago D I last met my grandparents five years ago It is three years since I her in Bangkok in 2013 A last saw B saw last C had seen D have seen Lan learning English a few years ago A starts B will start C started D is starting _ Tom Cruise's last movie? Yes, I _ it three days ago A Have you ever seen / saw C Did you ever see / have seen B Had you ever seen / would see D Will you ever see / saw In the past, people _ to the beach more often A have gone B used to go C were going D had gone Last week, we an interesting film about the animal world A see B saw C are seeing D will see He his job last month and then he _out of work A lost / was B was lost / had been C has lost / was D lost / have been The plane from Dallas two hours late, so I missed my connecting flight from Frankfurt to London A takes off B has taken off C will take off D took off 10 When we came, they _ a meeting in the hall A are having B were having C have been having D have had THE PAST PERFECT AND PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES A PRESENTATION The Past Perfect Tense * FORMATION (+) S + had + V(past participle) (-) S + had not (hadn’t)+ V(past participle) (?) Had + S + V(past participle)? Examples: (+) By the end of 1999, Tom had lived in Hanoi for years (-) We had not done anything about it before the problem was solved (?) Had you finished all the work before you left the office? * USE + Thì QKHT diễn tả hành động xảy kết thúc trước thời điểm hành động khác khứ E.g He had worked in that company for years before 1995 She had known the news before I told her about it + Thì QKHT sử dụng câu điều kiện loại mệnh đề ĐK E.g If I had known that she was in hospital, I would have come to visit her The Past Perfect Continuous Tense * FORMATION: (+) S+ had + been + V_ing … (-) S+ hadn’t+ been+ V-ing … (?) Had+S+been+V-ing … ? * USE Thì q khứ hồn thành tiếp diễn nhấn mạnh khoảng thời gian hành động xảy kết thúc trước thời điểm hành động khác khứ E.g They had been waiting hours before they gave up B PRACTICE Exercise Choose the best option by circling A, B, C or D They _ for hours when the storm suddenly broke A had been running C have been running B are running D will be running He was sorry that he _ his identity A revealed B had revealed C has revealed D reveals Mary’s house …….before the firemen came A was burnt B had been burnt C have been burnt D burnt Yesterday, I _ for work late because I _ to set my alarm A had left / forgot C was leaving / was forgetting B left / had forgot D had been leaving / would forget By the time we _ to the train station, Susan _ for us for more than two hours A will get / has been waiting C got / was waiting B got / had been waiting D get / will wait _ in Rome than he _ A No sooner he had arrived / was being kidnapped B No sooner had he arrived / was kidnapped C Had he no sooner arrived / kidnapped D No sooner was he arriving / had been kidnapped He email before, so I him how to use it A did not use / had shown C had not used / showed B has not used / showed D was not using / will show Doctor Pike the hospital after he an uneventful evening on duty He of his day of rest A was leaving / has had / thought C left / had had / was thinking B will leave / had / will think D is leaving / will have / thinks Exercise Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect or past perfect continuous) They were very tired in the evening because they (help) on the farm all day We were very hungry because we (not eat) anything We (look for) her ring for two hours and then we found it in the bathroom They (wait) at the station for 90 minutes when the train finally arrived I (not / see) _ Jacob for several years, but I recognised him immediately C HOMEWORK Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (past simple, past continuous, past perfect or past perfect continuous) We (go) to the cinema last week A bird pooed on the window that I (clean) only some minutes before Yesterday at nine he (sit) in front of his computer When their mum got home, the boys (watch) TV for two hours He (want) to repair our washing machine that (break) a few days before THE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE, BE GOING TO AND BE V.ING A PRESENTATION The Simple Future Tense * FORMATION: (+) S + will + V(infinitive) (-) S + will not (won’t) + V(infinitive) (?) Will + S + will + V(infinitive) ? (I We dùng với “shall”; will not = won’t, shall not = shan’t) * USE: + refer to the information about the future + express a request + express a future action decided at the time of speaking + make predictions about future events Notes: “Will” is usually used with the following adverbs: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week/ , soon, sooner or later, and often used with: think, believe, expect, hope, be sure, be certain, possibly, probably, perhaps…… E.g: He will be 20 next week I won’t go there tomorrow Will you open the door? - Nam is in hospital - Really? I will visit him Tomorrow will be warm, with some cloud in the afternoon Be going to * FORMATION: (+) S + is/am/are + going to + V(infinitive) (-) S + is/am/are + not + going to + V(infinitive) (?) Is/Am/Are + S + going to + V(infinitive)? * USE: - Elicit the use of “be going to” from Ss 10 little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area For example, sulfur dioxide has detectable health effects at 0.08 parts per million (ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm Question 1: What does the passage mainly discuss? A The economic impact of air pollution B What constitutes an air pollutant C How much harm air pollutants can cause D The effects of compounds added to the atmosphere Question 2: The word "adversely" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A negatively B quickly C admittedly D considerably Question 3: It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _ A water vapor is an air pollutant in localized areas B most air pollutants today can be seen or smelled C the definition of air pollution will continue to change D a substance becomes an air pollutant only in cities Question 4: The word "These" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to_ A the various chemical reactions B the pollutants from the developing Earth C the compounds moved to the water or soil D the components in biogeochemical cycles Question 5: The word "localized" in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A specified B circled C surrounded D encircled Question 6: The word "detectable" in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A beneficial B special C measurable D separable Question 7: Which of the following is best supported by the passage? A To effectively control pollution, local government should regularly review their air pollution laws B One of the most important steps in preserving natural lands is to better enforce air pollution laws C Scientists should be consulted in order to establish uniform limits for all air pollutants D Human activities have been effective in reducing air pollution II Read the passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions In the world today, particular in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is the big news People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment Recycling means finding ways to use products a second time The motto of the recycling movement is “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” The first step is to reduce garbage In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box and a bag All that packaging is wasted resources People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils Another way to reduce waste is to buy high-quality products When lowquality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy For example, if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message In the same way, if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers To reduce garbage, the throw-away must stop The second step is to reuse It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles After customers empty the bottles, they return them to the stores The manufacturers of the drinks collect bottles, wash them, and then fill them again The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is saved In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throw-away bottles The third step being environmentally sensitive is to recycle Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again Aluminum cans are expensive to make It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three hours When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of the world’s precious resources Question What does the word “sensitive” means? 266 A cautious B logical C responding D friendly Question The word “motto” is closest in meaning to _ A meaning B value C belief D reference Question What is the topic of the passage? A How to live sensitively to the environment B How to reduce garbage disposal C What is involved in the recycling movement D What people understand the term “recycle” Question People can the following to reduce waste EXCEPT _ A buy high-quality products B buy simply-wrapped things C reuse cups D buy more hamburgers Question What best describe the process of reuse? A The bottles are filled again after being returned, collected and washed B The bottles are collected, washed, returned and filled again C The bottles are washed, returned filled again and collected D The bottles are collected, returned, filled again and washed Question The word “practice” is closest in meaning to _ A training B exercise C deed D belief Question What are the two things mentioned as examples of recycling? A TV sets and aluminum cans B Hamburger wrappings and spent motor oil C Aluminum cans and plastic wrappings D Aluminum cans and spent motor oil III Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 61 to 65 In this era of increased global warming and diminishing fossil fuel supplies, we must begin to put a greater priority on harnessing alternative energy sources Fortunately, there are a number of readily available, renewable resources that are both cost- effective and earth – friendly Two such resources are solar power and geothermal power Solar energy, which reaches the earth through sunlight, is so abundant that it could meet the needs of worldwide energy consumption 6,000 times over And solar energy is easily harnessed through the use of photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight to electricity In the US alone, more than 100, 000 homes are equipped with solar electric systems in the form of solar panels or solar roof tiles And in other parts of the world, including many developing countries, the use of solar system is growing steadily Another alternative energy source, which is abundant in specific geographical areas, is geothermal power, which creates energy by tapping heat from below the surface of the earth Hot water and steam that are trapped in underground pools are pumped to the surface and used to run a generator, which is produces electricity Geothermal energy is 50,000 times more abundant than the entire known supply of fossil fuel resources And as with solar power, the technology needed to utilize geothermal energy is fairly simple A prime example of effective geothermal use is in Iceland, a region of high geothermal activity where over 80 percent of private homes are heated by geothermal power Solar and geothermal energy are just two of promising renewable alternatives to conventional energy sources The time is long overdue to invest in the development and use of alternative energy on global scale Question What is the main topic of this passage ? A The benefits of solar and wind power over conventional energy sources B How energy resources are tapped from nature C Two types of alternative energy sources that should be further utilized D Examples of the use of energy sources worldwide Question According to the passage, why should we consider using alternative energy sources ? A Because fossil fuels are no longer available B Because global warming has increased the amount of sunlight that reaches the earth C Because they are free and available worldwide D Because conventional energy resources are being depleted, and they cause environmental damage Question According to the passage, what can be inferred about solar roof tiles? A They are being used in many undeveloped countries 267 C They are more expensive than solar panels B They can convert geothermal energy to electricity D They contain photovoltaic cells Question According to the passage, how is solar energy production similar to geothermal energy production ? A They both require the use of a generator B They both use heat from the earth’s surface C They both require fairly simple technology D They are both conventional and costly Question What best describes the author’s purpose in writing the passage ? A To warn people about the hazards of fossil fuel use B To describe the advantages and disadvantages of alternative energy use C To convince people of the benefits of developing alternative energy sources D To outline the problems and solutions connected with global warming IV Read the passage carefully and choose the best parts to fill in the blanks What exactly is a tornado? The general picture is familiar enough The phenomenon usually occurs on a hot, sticky day with south wind and an ominous sky From the base of a thunderhead, a funnel-shaped cloud extends a violently twisting spout toward the Earth As it sucks in matter in its path, the twister may turn black, brown or even white The moving cloud shows an almost continuous display of sheet lightning It lurches along in a meandering path, usually northeast ward, at 25 to 40 miles per hour Sometimes it picks up its finger from the earth for a short distance and then plants it down again The funnel is very slender; its wake of violence averages about 400 yards wide As the tornado approaches, it is heralded by a roar as a hundreds of jet planes or thousands of railroad cars Its path is a path of total destruction Buildings explode as they are sucked in by the tornado’s low-pressure vortex (where the pressure drop is as much as 10 percent) and by its powerful whirling winds (estimated at up to 500 miles per hour) The tornado’s lifetime is as brief as it is violent Within a few tens of miles (average about 16 miles), it spends its force and suddenly disappears Question Tornadoes usually occur on _ A hot and humid days B hot days C cold days D rainy days Question The twister’s colour is caused by _ A the sun B the colour of the sky C snow D what it picks up Question The speed of a tornado is _ A 10 miles per hour B 85 miles per hour C 25 to 40 miles per hour D 25 to 40 miles per day Question A building in the path of a tornado most likely would _ A be partially destroyed B be totally destroyed C lose its roof D escape damage Question According to this article, the winds of tornado _ A are estimated at up to 500 miles per hour B drop the pressure 40 percent C have been clocked at 500 miles per hour D travel at 16 miles an hour V Read the passage and choose the best answer to each question below We are all destroying the earth The seas and the rivers are too dirty to swim in There is so much smoke in the air that it is unhealthy to live in many of the world’s cities In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars pollute the air so much that traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks We have cut down so many trees that there are now vast areas of land all over the world As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot grow enough food to eat In certain countries in Asia there is too little rice Moreover, we not take enough care of the countryside Wild animals are quickly disappearing For instance, tigers are rare in India now and because we have killed too many for them to survive However, it isn’t enough simply to talk about the problem We must act now before it is too late to anything about it Join us now Save the earth Question 1: Why can’t we swim in the seas and the rivers? A because they are too dirty B because they are too healthy 268 C because they are too harmful D because there is too much smoke Question 2: How is the air in many of the world’s cities? A It is very pure B there is so much smoke in it C it is healthy to breathe it D none are correct Question 3: What kinds of animals are rare in India now? A lions B tigers C elephants D bears Question 4: The result of cutting down trees in Asia and Africa is A farmers cannot grow enough to eat B there is enough rice C traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks D a and b are incorrect Question 5: Wild animals are quickly disappearing because A we take care of the city B we not take care of the city C we take care of the countryside D we not take care of the countryside Topic 6: FAMILY I Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions If parents bring up a child with the sole aim of turning the child into a genius (thiên tài), they will cause a disaster According to several leading educational psychologists, this is one of the biggest mistakes which ambitious parents make Generally, the child will be only too aware of what his parents expect, and will fail Unrealistic parental expectations can cause great damage to children However, if parents are not too unrealistic about what they expect their children to do, but are ambitious in a sensible way, the child may succeed in doing very well – especially if the parents are very supportive of their child Michael Collins is very lucky He is crazy about music, and his parents help him a lot by taking him to concerts and arranging private piano and violin lessons for him They even drive him 50 kilometers twice a week for violin lessons Michael’s mother knows very little about music, but his father plays the trumpet in a large orchestra However, he never makes Michael enter music competitions if he is unwilling Winston Smith, Michael’s friend, however, is not so lucky Both his parents are successful musicians, and they set too high a standard for Winston They want their son to be as successful as they are and so they enter him for every piano competition held They are very unhappy when he does not win Winston is always afraid that he will disappoint his parents and now he always seems quiet and unhappy Question 1: One of the serious mistakes parents can make is to A push their child into trying too much B help their child to become a genius C make their child become a musician D neglect their child’s education Question 2: Parents’ ambition for their children is not wrong if they A force their children into achieving success B themselves have been very successful C understand and help their children sensibly D arrange private lessons for their children Question 3: The phrase "crazy about" in the passage mostly means A "surprised at" B "extremely interested in" C "completely unaware of" D "confused about" Question 4: Winston’s parents push their son so much and he A has won a lot of piano competitions B cannot learn much music from them C has become a good musician D is afraid to disappoint them Question 5: The word "They" in the passage refers to A concerts B violin lessons C parents in general D Michael’s parents Question 6: All of the following people are musical EXCEPT _ A Winston’s father B Winston’s mother C Michael’s father D Michael’s mother Question 7: The word "unwilling" in the passage mostly means A "getting ready to something" B "eager to something" C "not objecting to doing anything" D "not wanting to something" 269 Question 8: The two examples given in the passage illustrate the principle that A successful parents always have intelligent children B successful parents often have unsuccessful children C parents should let the child develop in the way he wants D parents should spend more money on the child’s education II Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 56 to 65 For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming back to an empty house Some deal with the situation by watching TV Some may hide But all of them have something in common They spend part of each day alone They are called “latchkey children” They are children who look after themselves while their parents work And their bad condition has become a subject of concern Lynette Long was once the principal of an elementary school She said, “We had a school rule against wearing jewelry A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys attached I was constantly telling them to put the keys inside shirts There were so many keys; it never came to my mind what they meant.” Slowly, she learned that they were house keys She and her husband began talking to the children who had keys They learned of the effect working couples and single parents were having on their children Fear was the biggest problem faced by children at home alone One in three latchkey children the Longs talked to reported being frightened Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding They may hide in a shower stall, under a bed or in a closet The second is TV They often turn the volume up It’s hard to get statistics on latchkey children, the Longs have learned Most parents are slow to admit that they leave their children alone Question 1: The phrase “an empty house” in the passage mostly means A a house with no people inside B a house with no furniture C a house with nothing inside D a house with too much space Question 2: One thing that the children in the passage share is that A they all watch TV B they spend part of each day alone C they are from single-parent families D they all wear jewelry Question 3: The phrase “latchkey children” in the passage means children who A close doors with keys and watch TV by themselves B like to carry latches and keys with them everywhere C are locked inside houses with latches and keys D look after themselves while their parents are not at home Question 4: The main problem of latchkey children is that they A are also found in middle-class families B watch too much television during the day C suffer a lot from being left alone D are growing in numbers Question 5: What is the main idea of the first paragraph? A How kids spend free time B Why kids hate going home C Bad condition of latchkey children D Children’s activities at home III Read the following passage carefully and complete the sentences that follow by circling letter A, B, C or D as the correct answers In many modern countries, people think of a family as a mother, a father and their children But this is not the only kind of the family group In some parts of the world, a family group has many other members This kind of large family is called an "extended family" or a "joint family" The joint family includes all living relatives on either the mother's or the father's side of the family It is made up of grandparents, parents, brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts and cousins They live together in a large house or in huts built close together Early people probably live in joint families They had to be part of a large in order to survey The members of the group help each other hunt They work together to protect themselves from dangerous animals and other enemies In China, people lived in joint families When a son married, he and his wife lived at his parents' home Unmarried daughters remained at home until they married Chinese children felt very loyal to their parents Younger members of the joint family always took care of the old ones 270 India and Africa, some people still live in joint families The members of a joint family share their earnings and property If one member of the group becomes ill or has bad luck, the others help the person As in the past, the members of the joint family offer each other help and protection Question The word in paragraph that means "to be made up of” is _ A include B relatives C live D hut Question Long time ago, members of joint families A did not live together B helped each other catch animals C only played together D lived separately in order to survive Question Chinese people felt loyal to their A relatives B parents C cousins D younger members Question In India and Africa, people in joint families help a person when A he has good luck B he has bad luck C he gets rid of illness D he shares them his earnings Question On the whole, this story is about A all types of family B families in China C joint families D families found in India and Africa Topic 7: FUTURE JOBS I Choose the item (A, B, C or D) that best answers the question or completes the unfinished statement about the passage Student at the eight of 18 always have to face a difficult decision to make some want to go on with their study at college or university, others prefer to start work immediately Many school leavers are eager to go to work in order to make money to live independently and help their parents They always their best to overcome any obstacles they may encounter Unfortunately, owing to the guidance poor and biased from their parents and teachers, most boys and girls are ill-prepared for employment Therefore, they often feel worried and build up all sorts of fearsome prospects in their mind as the time to start work gets nearer It is the duty of the school and family to prepare these young people for their future jobs Question The main idea of the passage is A Learning at university B Making an important decision at 18 C Starting to work after leaving school D Getting to know about new jobs Question Why some young people want to find a job after they leave school? A They are badly in need of money B They want to get rid of schooling C Their parents not help them D They want to lead an independent life Question What attitude young people have when they are faced with difficulty? A They just let things go B They make good efforts C They complain about their parents and teachers D They become discouraged Question The word "biased" in line is nearest in meaning to _ A subjective B objective C bad D emotional Question Which of the following is NOT mentioned concerning young people starting work? A Poor preparation B Anxiety C Fear D Encouragement II Read the passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Choosing a career may be one of the hardest jobs you ever have, and it must be done with care View a career as an opportunity to something you love, not simply as a way to earn a living Investing the time and effort to thoroughly explore your options can mean the difference between finding a stimulating and rewarding career and move from job to unsatisfying job in an attempt to find the right one Work influences virtually every aspect of your life, from your choice of friends to where you live Here are just a few of the factors to consider 271 Deciding what matters most to you is essential to making the right decision You may want to begin by assessing your likes, dislikes, strengths, and weaknesses Think about the classes, hobbies, and surroundings that you find most appealing Ask yourself questions, such as “Would you like to travel? Do you want to work with children? Are you more suited to solitary or cooperative work?” There are no right or wrong answers; only you know what is important to you Determine which job features you require, which ones you would prefer, and which ones you cannot accept Then rank them in order of importance to you The setting of the job is one factor to take into account You may not want to sit at a desk all day If not, there are diversity occupation – building inspector, supervisor, real estate agent – that involve a great deal of time away from the office Geographical location may be a concern, and employment in some fields in concentrated in certain regions Advertising job can generally be found only in large cities On the other hand, many industries such as hospitality, law education, and retail sales are found in all regions of the country If a high salary is important to you, not judge a career by its starting wages Many jobs, such as insurance sales, offers relatively low starting salaries; however, pay substantially increases along with your experience, additional training, promotions and commission Don’t rule out any occupation without learning more about it Some industries evoke positive or negative associations The traveling life of a flight attendant appears glamorous, while that of a plumber does not Remember that many jobs are not what they appear to be at first, and may have merits or demerits that are less obvious Flight attendants must work long, grueling hours without sleeps, whereas plumbers can be as highly paid as some doctors Another point to consider is that as you mature, you will likely develop new interests and skills that may point the way to new opportunities The choice you make today need not be your final one Question The word “them” in paragraph refers to A questions B answers C features D jobs Question The word “assessing” in paragraph could best be replaced by _ A discovering B considering C measuring D disposing Question According to paragraph 3, which of the following fields is NOT suitable for a person who does not want to live in a big city? A plumbing B law C retail sales D advertising Question It can be inferred from the paragraph that A jobs in insurance sales are generally not well-paid B insurance sales people can earn high salary later in their career C people should constantly work toward the next promotion D a starting salary should be an important consideration in choosing a career Question According to the passage, which of the following is true? A To make a lot of money, you should not take a job with a low starting salary B To make lots of money, you should rule out all factory jobs C If you want an easy and glamorous lifestyle, you should consider becoming flight attendant D Your initial view of certain careers may not be accurate Topic 8: HEALTH I Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D Smallpox (đậu mùa) was the first widespread disease to be eliminated by human intervention (can thiệp) In May, 1966, the World Health Organization (WHO), an agency of the United Nations was authorized to initiate a global campaign to eradicate smallpox The goal was to eliminate the disease in one decade At the time, the disease posed a serious threat to people in more than thirty nations Because similar projects for malaria and yellow fever had failed, few believed that smallpox could actually be eradicated but eleven years after the initial organization of the campaign, no cases were reported in the field The strategy was not only to provide mass vaccinations but also to isolate patients with active smallpox in order to contain the spread of the disease and to break the chain of human transmission Rewards for reporting smallpox assisted in motivating removed from contact with others and treated At the same time, the entire village where the victim had lived was vaccinated By April of 1978 WHO officials announced that they had isolated the last known case of the 272 disease but health workers continued to search for new cases for additional years to be completely sure In May, 1980, a formal statement was made to the global community Today smallpox is no longer a threat to humanity Routine vaccinations have been stopped worldwide Question Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A The World Health Organization B Smallpox Vaccinations C The Eradication of Smallpox D Infectious Disease Question The word “threat” in line could best be replaced by A debate B humiliation C bother D risk Question According to the passage, what was the strategy used to eliminate the spread of smallpox? A Vaccinations of entire villages B Treatments of individual victims C Isolation of victims and mass vaccinations D Extensive reporting of outbreak Question The word “isolated” in paragraph is closest in meaning to A separated B restored C attended D located Question The word “they” in paragraph refers to A officials B health workers C victims D cases Question Which statement does not refer to smallpox? A People are no longer vaccinated for it B It was a serious threat C Previous projects had failed D WHO mounted a worldwide campaign to eradicate the disease Question It can be inferred that A no new cases of smallpox have been reported this year B malaria and yellow fever have been eliminated C smallpox victims no longer die when they contact the disease D smallpox is not transmitted from one person to another Topic 9: SOURCES OF ENERGY I Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D Today’s cars are smaller, safer, cleaner, and more economical than their predecessors, but the car of the future will be far more pollution-free than those on the road today Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed than run on alternative sources of power, such as electricity, compressed natural gas, methanol, steam, hydrogen, and propane Electricity, however, is the only zero-emission option presently available Although electric vehicles will not be truly practical until a powerful, compact battery or other dependable source of current is available, transport experts foresee a new assortment of electric vehicles entering everyday life: shorter-range commuter electric cars, three-wheeled neighborhood cars, electric delivery vans, bikes and trolleys As automakers work to develop practical electrical vehicles, urban planners and utility engineers are focusing on infrastructure systems to support and make the best use of the new cars Public charging facilities will need to be as common as today’s gas stations Public parking spots on the street or in commercial lots will need to be equipped with devices that allow drivers to charge their batteries while they stop, dine, or attend a concert To encourage the use of electric vehicles, the most convenient parking in transportation centers might be reserved for electric cars Planners foresee electric shuttle buses, trains, buses and neighborhood vehicles all meeting at transit centers that would have facilities for charging and renting Commuters will be able to rent a variety of electric cars to suit their needs: light trucks, one-person threewheelers, small cars, or electric/gasoline hybrid cars for longer trips, which will no doubt take place on automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by freeway today Question The following electrical vehicles are all mentioned in the passage EXCEPT A vans B trains C planes D trolleys Question The author’s purpose in the passage is to A criticize conventional vehicles B support the invention of electric cars C narrate a story about alternative energy vehicles D describe the possibilities for transportation in the future Question The word “compact” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to 273 A long-range B inexpensive C concentrated D squared Question In the second paragraph, the author implies that A a dependable source of electric energy will eventually be developed B everyday life will stay much the same in the future C a single electric vehicle will eventually replace several modes of transportation D electric vehicles are not practical for the future Question The word “charging” in this passage refers to A electricity B credit cards C aggression D lightning Question The word “commuters” in paragraph refers to A daily travelers B visitors C cab drivers D shoppers Question The word “hybrid” is closest in meaning to A combination B hazardous C futuristic D automated II Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D Today we take electricity for granted and perhaps we not realize just how useful this discovery has been Steam was the first invention that replaced wind power It was used to drive engines and was passed through pipes and radiators to warm rooms Petrol mixed with air was the next invention that provided power Exploded in a cylinder, it drove a motor engine Beyond these simple and direct uses, those forms have not much adaptability On the other hand, we make use of electricity in thousands of ways From the powerful voltages that drive our electric trains to the tiny current needed to work a simple calculator, and from the huge electric magnet in steel works that can lift 10 tons to the tiny electric magnet in a doorbell, all are powered by electricity An electric current can be made with equal ease to heat a huge mass of molten metal in a furnace, or to boil a jug for a cup of coffee Other than atomic energy, which has not as yet been harnessed to the full, electricity is the greatest power in the world It is flexible, and so adaptable for any task for which it is wanted It travels so easily and with incredible speed along wires or conductors that it can be supplied instantly over vast distances To generate electricity, huge turbines or generators must be turned In Australia they use coal or water to drive this machinery When dams are built, falling water is used to drive the turbines without polluting the atmosphere with smoke from coal Atomic power is used in several countries but there is always the fear of an accident A tragedy once occurred at Chernobyl, in Ukraine, at an atomic power plant used to make electricity The reactor leaked, which caused many deaths through radiation Now scientists are examining new ways of creating electricity without harmful effects to the environment They may harness the tides as they flow in and out of bays Most importantly, they hope to trap sunlight more efficiently We use solar heaters for swimming pools but as yet improvement in the capacity of the solar cells to create more current is necessary When this happens, electric cars will be viable and the world will rid itself of the toxic gases given off by trucks and cars that burn fossil fuels Question Which of the following power sources causes pollution by emitting harmful gases? A Wind B Petrol C Water D Sunlight Question The word "they" in the last paragraph refers to A the tides B scientists C harmful effects D new ways Question The author mentions the sources of energy such as wind, steam, petrol in the first paragraph to A emphasize the usefulness and adaptability of electricity B suggest that electricity should be alternated with safer sources of energy C imply that electricity is not the only useful source of energy D discuss which source of energy can be a suitable alternative to electricity Question Electric magnets are used in steel works to A heat the molten steel B lift heavy weights up to ten tons C test the steel for strength D boil a jug of water Question The advantage of harnessing the power of the tides and of sunlight to generate electricity is that they _ A not require attention B are more adaptable 274 C not pollute the environment D are more reliable Question The best title for this passage could be A “Types of Power Plants” B “Why Electricity Is So Remarkable” C “Electricity: Harmful Effects on Our Life” D “How to Produce Electricity” III Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D It is hard to think of a world without gas or electricity Both are commonly used for lighting and heating today We now can instantly flick a lighter or strike a match to make a flame But it was not long ago that there were no such things as matches or lighters To make fire, it was necessary to strike a piece of iron on flint for sparks to ignite some tinder If the tinder was damp, or the flint old, you had to borrow some fire from a neighbor We not know exactly when or how people first used fire Perhaps, many ages ago, they found that sticks would burn if they were dropped into some hole where melted lava from a volcano lay boiling They brought the lighted sticks back to make their fire in a cave Or, they may have seen trees catch fire through being struck by lightning, and used the trees to start their own fires Gradually people learned they could start a fire without traveling far to find flames They rubbed two pieces of wood together This method was used for thousands of years When people became used to making fires with which to cook food and stay warm at night, they found that certain resins or gums from trees burnt longer and brighter They melted resins and dipped branches in the liquid to make torches that lit their homes at night Iron stands in which torches used to be fixed can still be seen in old buildings of Europe There was no lighting in city streets until gas lamps, and then electric lamps were installed Boys ran about London at night carrying torches of burning material They were called torch boys, or link boys, and earned a living by guiding visitors to friends’ houses at night For centuries homes were lit by candles until oil was found Even then, oil lamps were no more effective than a cluster of candles We read about the splendors and marvels of ancient palaces and castles, but we forget that they must have been gloomy and murky places at night Question The word “lighter” in the passage mostly means A a device that uses electricity, oil or gas to produce light B a small device that produces a flame for lighting cigarettes, etc C the energy from the sun, a lamp, etc that makes it possible to see things D a hot bright stream of burning gas that comes from something that is on fire Question To make a fire in times just before the advent of matches, it was essential to have access to A a burning fire or to possess flint B a burning fire or to possess iron C flint, iron and dry tinder D a magnifying glass Question The first fire used by people was probably obtained A from the sun’s heat through glass B by rubbing wood together C from heat or fire caused by nature D by striking iron against flint Question The word “splendors” in the passage mostly means A wonderful things that have been achieved B places where a lot of people go on holiday C things that fill one with surprise and admiration D the beautiful and impressive features of a place Question Which sentence is NOT TRUE according to the passage? A We know exactly when and how people first used fire B A world is impossible without gas or electricity C We can make a fire by striking a piece of iron on flint to ignite some tinder D Matches and lighters were invented not long ago Question The best title for the passage could be A Prehistoric People and Fire B Fire: Discovery and Uses C Different Types of Lamps D The Advantages of Candles 275 Topic 10: TECHNOLOGY I Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D When the automobile was first invented, few people thought of buying one Gradually, as cars were improved, more people wanted to buy them Designers tried to think of improved ways to manufacture automobiles Finally, Henry Ford set up a factory with an assembly line to produce automobiles Even with this new system of manufacturing, the automobile industry remained fairly small Almost all the assembly work was done in a few large factories near Detroit, Michigan, the United States Then the cars were shipped to wholesalers all over the country Wholesalers bought the cars from the factory and sold them to auto dealers in each city The dealers then sold the cars to the people who wanted to buy them During the 1920s, this system began to change The automobile industry had grown rapidly Soon it was no longer practical to have assembly plants in Detroit only New plants were built all over the country With plants near each dealer, the wholesaler’s job was unnecessary The dealers could buy cars directly from the factory Many other kinds of industries have moved their factories from the cities to small towns In place of one large factory, these companies now have several smaller plants Like the automobile industry, they have found that many small factories can be more efficient than fewer large plants Question A job that became unnecessary was that of the _ A factory worker B car dealer C manufacturer D wholesaler Question Henry Ford set up a factory A that had no machinery B that sold cars directly to the people C with an assembly line D with few workers Question Which of the following is true? A many small plants can be more efficient than a few large ones B Auto dealers always need wholesalers C The automobile industry did not change until 1930s D Automobile plants cannot be found in small towns Question Why were new assembly plants built? A There was not enough room to make the Detroit factory bigger B There were not enough workers in Detroit C No dealers wanted to buy cars manufactured in Detroit D It was no longer practical to have only one factory Question On the whole, this story is about _ A the job of a wholesaler B how to sell cars in Detroit, Michigan C industries that have changed D automobile manufacturing in the United States II Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 56 to 60 Telecommunicating is a form of computer communication between employees’ homes and offices For employees whose jobs involve sitting at a terminal or word processor entering data or typing reports, the location of the computer is of no consequence If the machine can communicate over telephone lines, when the work is completed, employees can dial the office computer from a distant site and transmit the material to their employers A recent survey in USA Today estimates that there are approximately 8.7 million telecommuters But although the numbers are rising annually, the trend does not appear to be as significant as predicted when Business Week published "The Portable Executive" as its cover story a few years ago Why hasn't telecommuting become more popular? Clearly, change simply takes time But in addition, there has been active resistance on the part of many managers These executives claim that supervising the telecommuters in a large work force scattered across the country would be too difficult, or, at least, systems for managing them are not yet developed, thereby complicating the manager's responsibilities 276 It is also true that employees who are given the option of telecommuting are often reluctant to accept the opportunity Most people feel that they need regular interaction with a group, and many are concerned that they will not have the same consideration for advancement if they are not more visible in the office setting Some people feel that even when a space in their homes is set aside as a work area, they never really get away from the office Question The author mentions all of the following as concerns of telecommuters EXCEPT _ A the lack of interaction with a group B the different system of supervision C the fact that the work space is in the home D the opportunities for advancement Question How many American workers are involved in telecommuting? A More than million B More than predicted in Business Week C Fewer than estimated in USA Today D Fewer than last year Question It can be inferred from the passage that the author is _ A the manager of a group of telecommuters B a reporter C a telecommuter D a statistician Question The word "resistance" could best be replaced by _ A participation B consideration C opposition D alteration Question Which of the following is the main topic of the passage? A A definition of telecommuting B The advantages of telecommuting C An overview of telecommuting D The failure of telecommuting III Read the passage and choose the best answer to each question below Computerization has changed high school education in many ways The first is the use of the computer as a teaching aid for teachers The next is the massive data storage and fast data gain from computers In early 1980s only 20% of high school teachers in the US used computers However, since then high schools in the US have computerized rapidly In 1987, school acquired about 1.5 million computers with 95% of the schools having at least one computer At school, teachers can use a computer to bring texts, sound and pictures into a classroom With a computer, they can more readily attract and retain students’ attention Computers can also speed up the teaching process and make difficult- to- explain ideas straights forward This means that teachers can spend more time answering students’ questions and catering for other needs Computer software can shorten the learning process by illustrating real world applications of abstract theories Question What is the main idea of the text? A Computers can not be used at school B Teachers are banned to use a computer C Computers can be used as a teaching aid D In 1980 there were no computers used for teaching Question According to the passage, which sentence is not true? A Computerization is not done at high school B Students can get data from computers C Teachers can use a computer as a teaching aid D Teachers can store data in a computer Question The word “they” refer to -A teachers B students C computers D teaching aids Question In 1987, -A No teachers could use computers B 95% of the school had at least one computer C computers were not used as a teaching aid D all high schools had computers Question With a computer, A nothing can be done for both teachers and students B students don’t have to learn their lessons C teachers must spend a lot of time explaining the lesson D teachers can speed up their teaching process III Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D A pilot cannot fly by sight alone In many conditions, such as flying at night and landing in dense fog, a pilot must use radar, an alternative way of navigating Since human eyes are not very good at determining 277 speeds of approaching objects, radar can show a pilot how fast nearby planes are moving The basic principle of radar is exemplified by what happens when one shouts in a cave The echo of the sounds against the walls helps a person determine the size of the cave With radar, however, the waves are radio waves instead of sound waves Radio waves travel at the speed of light, about 300,000 kilometers in one second A radar set sends out a short burst of radio waves Then it receives the echoes produced when the waves bounce off objects By determining the time it takes for the echoes to return to the radar set, a trained technician can determine the distance between the radar set and other objects The word “radar”, in fact, gets its name from the term “radio detection and ranging” Ranging” is the term for detection of the distance between an object and the radar set Besides being of critical importance to pilots, radar is essential for air traffic control, tracking ships at sea, and for tracking weather systems and storms Question What is the main topic of this passage? A The nature of radar B History of radar C Alternatives to radar D Types of ranging Question According to the passage, what can radar detect besides location of objects? A Shape B Size C Speed D Weight Question The word “exemplified” in the passage can be replaced by _ A “specified” B “resembled” C “illustrated” D “justified” Question The word “shouts” in the passage most closely means _ A “exclaims” B “yells” C “shoots” D “whispers” Question Which of the following words best describes the tone of this passage? A argumentative B explanatory C humorous D imaginative Question The word “tracking” in the passage most closely means _ A sending B searching for C ranging D repairing Question Which of the following would most likely be the topic of the next paragraph? A A history of flying B Other uses of radar C The technology used by pilots D Uses of some technology Question What might be inferred about radar? A It takes the place of a radio B It has improved navigational safety C It was developed from a study of sound waves D It gave birth to the invention of the airplane Topic 11: SPORTS I Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D Foot-racing is a popular activity in the United States It is seen not only as a competitive sport but also as a way to exercise, to enjoy the camaraderie of like-minded people, and to donate money to a good cause Though serious runners may spend months training to compete, other runners and walkers might not train at all Those not competing to win might run in an effort to beat their own time or simply to enjoy the fun and exercise People of all ages, from those of less than one year (who may be pushed in strollers) to those in their eighties, enter into this sport The races are held on city streets, on college campuses, through parks, and in suburban areas, and they are commonly to 10 kilometers in length The largest footrace in the world is the 12-kilometer Bay to Breakers race that is held in San Francisco every spring This race begins on the east side of the city near San Francisco Bay and ends on the west side at the Pacific Ocean There may be 80,000 or more people running in this race through the streets and hills of San Francisco In the front are the serious runners who compete to win and who might finish in as little as 34 minutes Behind them are the thousands who take several hours to finish In the back of the race are those who dress in costumes and come just for fun One year there was a group of men who dressed like Elvis Presley, and another group consisted of firefighters who were tied together in a long line and who were carrying a fire hose There was even a bridal party, in which the bride was dressed in a long white gown and the groom wore a tuxedo (áo lễ) The bride and groom threw flowers to bystanders, and they were actually married at some point along the route Question The main purpose of this passage is to A encourage people to exercise B describe a popular activity 278 C make fun of runners in costume D give reasons for the popularity of footraces Question Which of the following is NOT mentioned in this passage? A Some runners looked like Elvis Presley B Some runners were ready to put out a fire C Some runners were participating in a wedding D Some runners were serious about winning Question The second paragraph is mainly concerned with which of the following? A a description of the Bay to Breakers race B the reasons people run the Bay to Breakers race C a wedding during the Bay to Breakers race D a description of the location of the Bay to Breakers race Question As used line of the passage, the word “activity” is most similar to A pursuit B motion C pilgrimage D expectation Question Which of the following is NOT implied by the author? A Footraces appeal to a variety of people B Walkers can compete for prizes C Entering a race is a way to give support to an organization D Running is a good way to strengthen the heart II Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D There was a surprise victory at the World Championship yesterday British 400 meter runner Bob Smith won the title in the third fastest time ever The British champion, who won the silver medal at the last Olympics, finished the race in 43.6 seconds From the start, it was clear that this race was not going to be like any others After two false start, the athletes finally broke away from the starting line on the third attempt Smith took an early lead, and maintained his speed for almost 200 meters Then Michael Ball, from West Africa, came up from behind to take the lead He was still leading right up until the final 20 meters At this point, Smith was in third place and didn't look likely to win Then Ball suddenly tripped and fell over onto the inside track He fell into the path of Richard Dandie, his West African team-mate, who had been in second place Dandie couldn't jump over Ball in time, and instead ran into him, also falling over It was at this point that Smith took the lead to safely cross the finish line There was no doubt that it was a lucky win for Smith He would have come third if the two athletes had not tripped Question At the World Championship yesterday, _ A there were 400 runners B Bob won the silver medal C there was a surprise D a record was set Question At the start of the run _ A three attempts were made B The runners looked tired C things were like other runs D there were two false runners Question Smith ran _ A for 200 meters B took the lead in the whole run C was beaten by a West African runner D finished the third at 250 meters Question Ball _ A was unlucky in the run B made Smith fall during the run C ran faster than Smith D finished the third Question Which if these is NOT mentioned in the text? A Smith was lucky B Ball ran into Dandie C West African runners didn't win the race D The run was fu III Read the following text then answer the questions that follow by circling its corresponding letter marked A, B, C, or D IS WINNING EVERYTHING? Ask kids and the answer is probably "No" Ask the adults and the answer is probably "Yes" And it is adults who control sports for young people - with terrible results for many kids Twenty millions of children between the ages of eight and sixteen play organized sports outside of school Their experiences are sometimes very bad Why? Because of the adults, often their parents, who watch the games Children's sports are organized like professional sports Children play baseball and football They wear all the equipment that professional athletes wear They have uniforms and umpires and referees and leagues They have games And many people come to watch their games, especially the families of the players Because the children's games are like adults, 279 professional games, their parents want adult professional competition When a child drops a ball, his father becomes angry When a child doesn't run fast, his mother might shout , "Run faster! Run faster!" And the child? With an angry father and a shouting mother, this is not a happy time Unhappy and nervous, the child wants to stop playing The game is not fun now But he or she can't stop, because the competition is not finished Question How are the children's sports organized? A They are easier B They are for children only C They are the same as adults' D They are not competitive Question Why some children become unhappy playing sports? A Because they often lose B Because they play worse than adults C Not all of them can play D The adults watch them play Question What parents want from children players? A Win the game B Not to drop the ball C Run faster D Play a lot more Question The children will play better if _ A the sport is easy B their parents encourage them C they have uniforms to wear D they can play for fun Question What is the most important idea in the text? A Winning is everything B Winning is more important to parents than to children C Winning is important to parents D Winning is important to both children and parents 280 ... her once 15 He last visited London three years ago A He has been in London for three years B He hasn't visited London for three years C He didn't visit London three years ago D He was in London... police _ on the alert for the escaped convict A are B be C is D was 109 Everyone who _into the woods should recognize common poisonous plants such as poison ivy and poison oak A have gone B go... 160 nations A consists B consist 136 A tea does so C consisting D have consisted Coffee contains caffeine, and B so tea does C so does tea D does tea so 137.Plenty of milk _ consumed everyday
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: Tai lieu on tap THPT 2018 ( Môn Tiếng Anh), Tai lieu on tap THPT 2018 ( Môn Tiếng Anh), So sánh hơn kém không dùng than (giữa 2 đối tượng), I. KIẾN THỨC CƠ BẢN, - Các cụm “both ... and ...” (vừa ... vừa), “not only ... but also ...” (không những ... mà còn...), “either ... or ...” (hoặc ... hoặc ...), “neither ... nor” (không ... mà cũng không ...) được dùng để nối hai từ đồng loại (danh từ, tính từ, động từ hoặc, Thứ tự sắp xếp tính từ trong tiếng anh chuẩn nhất

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn

Nhận lời giải ngay chưa đến 10 phút Đăng bài tập ngay