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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ACADEMY - - LE DAI HUNG MANAGEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING ACCORDING TO PERFORMANCE CAPACITY IN MID-LEVEL SCHOOLS IN NORTH CENTRAL COAST Major: Educational Management Code: 9.14.01.14 SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL DISCUSSION OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT HÀ NỘI - 2018 The work has been completed in EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ACADEMY Science instructors: PGS.TS PHẠM QUANG TRÌNH PGS.TS TRẦN HỮU HOAN Review 1: Review 2: Review 3: This thesis will be defended before the Academy’s Committee at National Academy of Education Management time h date (month) year 201 The dissertation can be found at: - National Library of Vietnam - Library Management Information Center PREFACE Presentation of subject The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is having a dramatic impact on all aspects of social life In the field of industrial electrical engineering, automation, robots have been replacing human roles and labor in some fields Nowadays, people have to compete with not only people but also machines Therefore, it is essential for workers to have appropriate capacity to the development of science and technology, to adapt and cope with the 4th industrial revolution In Vietnam, the industrialization and modernization process requires a rapid changing in training and education to create qualified human resource; development of the vocational training system in various modes and training levels in the direction of applying and practicing to meet the demand of technical and technological human resources in domestic and international labor markets To meet the requirements of the new context on education and training, management of education and training, the 8th Conference of the 11th Central Committee issued Resolution No 29-NQ / TW pointed out the fundamental and comprehensive renovation in education and training to meet the requirements of industrialization and modernization in the context of the socialist-oriented market economy and international integration The Party and the State have identified the objectives of this reform as: to make fundamental changes in the quality and effectiveness of education and training; to better meet the needs of building, defending the Fatherland and learning needs of the people Educating the Vietnamese people to develop comprehensively and bring into full play the potentials and creativity of each individual; love the family, love the country, love the people; live well and work efficiently According to Resolution 29 of the Central Government, the fundamental and comprehensive reform of education and training need to shift from focusing mainly on equipping knowledge to developing comprehensively qualities and abilities of learners, to harmonize the words educating, people and occupation training, shift from focusing on developing the scale to ensuring the development of both the scale, quality and efficiency of education; to build a practical education, in which all people have the opportunity to study for life in the learning society Under that policy, college education and occupational education should shift from the training in the capacity of the colleges to training in accordance with social needs, labor market; the need to innovate college education and occupational education must provide the learners with a basic orientation, integrating the fields of knowledge and necessary skills need to be taught along with the training of discipline and work attitude, social knowledge to be able to work There are 40 middles schools in the network of middle schools in the North Central Coast that perform the functions and tasks of direct human resources training for labor markets in the region Over the past years, the middle schools have actively renewed their training, and started to apply training in practical capacity For occupational training, middle schools have approached and implemented training in practical capacity At present, there are many industrial zones and parks in the North Central Coast that are in need of highly skilled industrial workers such as Vung Ang Industrial Park, Nam Cam Industrial Zone - Nghe An; Nghi Son Industrial Park, Hoang Mai Industrial Park In order to meet the human resource needs of these industrial parks, the vocational secondary schools in the North Central Coast Region need to take into account occupational training factors in terms of practical capacity However, the performance process is difficult, the results have not achieved the desired goal This is due to many reasons, but the main reason is that the schools have not innovated the method of training management, they still apply administrative management in the training process that lead to discrete operation, lack of synchronism in each parts and the entire training management system, causing internal contradictions in the training management process Enrollment management is not intensive and diversified; Management of training program development is not close to the requirements of realistic production and labor market needs; Management of quality conditions derive from the schools’ capacity; training management is performed in traditional ways; Output management is not in accordance with practical capacity standard; The management of the output of the training process has not yet been implemented The schools have also recognized these shortcomings, but it is not easy to find models and solutions to address such practical problems For the above reasons, the author chooses the topic of "Management of industrial electrical vocational training in accordance with the capacity of colleges in the North Central Coast region" to study in the framework of doctoral dissertation with the desire of pointing out the practical and feasible solutions for training management to improve the quality and efficiency of vocational training in industrial electricity, to meet the practical requirements of production and labor demand for enterprises in the region Purpose of the study Studying theoretics on training and management of vocational training based on performance at colleges; studying the current situation of training and management of industrial electrical vocational training in accordance with the competency at the colleges in the North Central Coast region, from which theses proposals for solutions for industrial electrical vocational training management in Colleges based on their practical capacity in order to improve the quality and efficency of training and therefore to meet the demand for human resources for the North Central Coast Region in particular and the whole country in general The subject and object for study 3.1 Subject Vocational training at the Colleges 3.2 Object Industrial electrical training management in accordance with practical capacity of Colleges in North Central Coast region Research questions 4.1 What is the theotical basis and management model for Vocational training and management of industrial electrical vocational training? 4.2 What factors affect the management of industrial electrical vocational training in accordance with the capacity of the Colleges? 4.3 What are the strengths and weaknesses of the industrial electrical vocational training in accordance with the capacity of the Colleges? What are the solutions for the management of industrial electrical vocational training in accordance with the capacity of the Colleges? Scientific hypothesis Finding solutions for performance capacity – based - industrial electrical vocational training management in a scientific and practical suitable way; Implementing solutions in a synchronous way, from management of inputs, management of training process, management of outputs will gradually improve the quality and efficiency of industrial electrical vocational training of Colleges in the present context, meet the requirements of enterprises and demand for labor resource of the labor market in general Study responsibility 6.1 To systematize theoretical issues on industrial electrical vocational training and training management in accordance with practical capacity in Colleges 6.2 To assess the actual situation of performance capacity – based - industrial electrical vocational training and training management in Colleges in the North Central Coast 6.3 To propose solutions for performance capacity – based - industrial electrical vocational training and training management in Colleges 6.4 To organize the testing of the urgency and feasibility of the proposed solutions Limit the area of research - The study focuses on reseaching and proposing solutions to industrial electrical vocational training management in Colleges in accordance with performance capacity - The field survey was conducted in Colleges in the North Central Coast that have industrial electrical vocational training - Target groups: leaders, administrators, teachers and students of Colleges and some enterprises in the North Central Coast - The experiment was conducted with 01 solution Approaches and methodology in research 8.1 Approaches in research 8.1.1 Market Access; 8.1.2 Approach to output standard; 8.1.3 Process approach 8.2 Research methodology 8.2.1 Methodology of reasoning; 8.2.2 Practical research methods; 8.2.3 Some other methods Thesis uphold 9.1 Performance capacity based vocational training management plays a critical role in the success of Colleges in the current context In order to meet the demand of labor market in industrial electricity in the context of the impact of the 4.0 revolution, the key step and breakthrough of the educational institutions is to reform the appropriate training management, on that basis, they apply modern management concepts and models to manage the training process 9.2 Applying the elements of the CIPO model to the management of vocational training based on performance capacity, in particular: inputs, training, outputs, impact of the context, will help the team process The training in vocational education institutions is effective and efficient 9.3 Renovation of mid-level vocational training according to the capacity of Colleges will contribute to the creation of training products in line with the practical requirements of the labor market 10 New contributions of the thesis 10.1 About theory 10.2 About reality 11 Structure of the thesis Besides introduction, conclusion, references, recommendations, annex, this thesis includes three chapters Chapter THEORY OF PERFORMANCE CAPACITY BASED INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING MANAGEMENT IN THE COLLEGES 1.1 General Study 1.1.1 Studies on Performance capacity based training vocational education institutions  Abroad studies  Domestic studies 1.1.2 Studies on Performance capacity based vocational training management  Abroad studies  Domestic studies 1.1.3 General considerations on the subject matter studied and the research direction of the thesis In the field of training management, there have been many researches at home and abroad that cover different aspects such as training objectives, program development design, management model In fact, management training in universities, colleges or secondary schools is concerned by the researchers but the problem of management of performance capacity based industrial electrical vocational training in the middle schools up till now is still an area not covered by many authors This is a "whitelist" in the study of both theory and practice 1.2 Basis definitions of the subject 1.2.1 Training Training is the process of enabling an individual to become qualified according to certain criteria through teaching and learning activities linked to ethical education, the personality of the learner meeting the human resource requirement of the labor market Training management is the impact of the management subject on the management object during the training process through the functions of management and by the appropriate management tools and methods to achieve the common goal of training process 1.2.2 Vocational training Vocational training is intended to provide the trainee with the skills needed to perform all tasks related to the assigned job 1.2.3 Capacity Capacity is the ability of an individual to use his / her own knowledge and skills to carry out certain activities 1.2.4 Performance capacity Competency is the combination of the three components of knowledge, skills and professional attitudes that each individual needs to accomplish the tasks and requirements that meets the standards set in the most demanding conditions 1.2.5 Vocational training according to performance capacity Vocational training according to performance capacity is the process by which learners become competent to perform certain standards through vocational education and training in association with ethical and personality education in order to meet the requirements of labor market 1.2.6 Management Management is understood as an organized, targeted impact of the management object to achieve the objectives set 1.2.7 Manage vocational training according to performance capacity Performance management is the process of implementing management activities in the training to form the capacity for the learner to complete the tasks and work of a standard occupation in certain conditions 1.3 Mid-level vocational training according to the performance capacity 1.3.1 Position, role of mid-level schools In the national education system, mid-level education is classified as vocational education and enroll students from secondary or high schools 1.3.2 Duties and rights of the mid-level schools - Mid-level schools shall perform their tasks and powers according to the provisions of Article 23 of the Law on Vocational Education - Mid-level schools shall exercise autonomy under the provisions of Article 25 of the Law on Vocational Education 1.3.3 The philosophy of vocational training according to the capacity of performance The philosophy of training is attentive to personality and holiness, while the philosophy of training on performance capacity is concerned with employment and the capacity to make a living in a changing environment 1.3.4 Characteristics of vocational training based on performance capacity - Educate and learn "performance capacities" - Evaluate and confirm the "performance capacity" 1.4 Mid-level industrial electrical vocational training by performance capacity 1.4.1 Mid-electrical industry level - Training objectives - Training content programmes 1.4.2 The mid-level electrical industry performance capacity framework - Basis for capacity framework proposal - Purpose of capacity building - Performance capacity framework 1.4.3 Managing the vocational training of industrial electricity according to performance capacity Management of industrial electrical vocational training on the performance capacity of mid-level schools should be understood as the process of implementing managerial training activities in order to form the performance capacity for industrial electrical vocational trainees so that they can complete tasks and requirements which are specified to standard in certain conditions 1.5 Managing the training of mid-level level of industrial electricity according to performance capacity 1.5.1 Applying the CIPO model in the management of vocational training in industrial electricity according to the performance capacity 1.5.1.1 CIPO model Input - Enrollment - Teachers - Finance - Training progammes - Material and facilities Output/Outcome Process - Graduated students - Individual satisfication - Meet the need of enterprises Teaching – Learning process Impact of Context - Polistics, Economics and society - Policy (Education, Vocational training law, ) - Improvement in science and technology - Internation integration and competitors… - Investment in vocational training, Chart 1.4 Criterias of CIPO model 1.5.1.2 Applying CIPO model in industrial electrical vocational training management in accordance with performance capacity Input management Process management - Enrollment management base on performance capacity - Training programmes development management base on performance capacity - Quality ensuring conditions management (teachers, facilities, materials…) - Teaching process management assess performance capacity Output management - Output assessing management base on performance capacity - Certificate issuing management according to performance capacity Output information management: - Emloyment - Occupation development Prospective Impact of context to vocational training management - Regulations, Policies, human… - Progress on science and technology - International integration, competitors - Investment in vocational training Chart 1.5 Applying CIPO model in vocational training management according to performance capacity 1.5.1.3 Organizing vocational training management base on CIPO model Table 1.4 Guilding the implementation of vocational training management according to performance capacity Implementation guilding Content management Performance Monitoring / examining/ No Planning under CIPO organising Leading supervising Input management 1.1 Management of vocational counseling and vocational apprenticeship according to performance capacity Planning career guidance and vocational apprenticeship according to performance capacity Organizing career counseling and vocational enrollment according to performance capacity Monitoring vocational guidance and vocational enrollment according to performance capacity Examination of vocational guidance and vocational enrollment according to performance capacity 1.2 Vocational training programmes development management according to performance capacity Planning development of vocational training programmes according to performance capacity Organizing the development of vocational training programmes according to performance capacity Monitoring the development of vocational training programmes according to performance capacity Examining the vocational training programmes according to performance capacity 1.3 Management of - Planning the quality assurance Recruitment, conditions to teachers meet the training; requirements of - Planning the vocational improvement of training in learning accordance with equipment and performance facilities capacity - Organizing the recruitment, teachers training; - Organizing the improvement of teaching facilities - Monitoring the - Examining the recruitment; recruitment, teachers training teachers - Monitoring the training; improvement of - Examining the teaching improvement of facilities teaching facilities Oganizing the teaching progress and evaluating teaching results according to Monitoring the teaching progress and evaluating teaching results according to Process management Teaching Planning the progress vocational management teaching, according to evaluating performance teaching results capacity according to Examining the teaching progress and evaluating teaching results according to Content management No under CIPO Planning performance capacity Output management 3.1 Evaluating Planning the output according output to performance evaluation capacity according to performance capacity 3.2 Managing the Planning the degree, degree, certificate certificate issuance issuance according to according to performance performance capacity capacity 3.3 Managing output Planning the information collection and process of multi direction – information of DTN’ output Implementation guilding Performance Monitoring / organising Leading examining/ supervising performance capacity performance capacity performance capacity Oganizing the output evaluation according to performance capacity Oganizing the degree, certificate issuance according to performance capacity Oganizing the collection and process of multi direction – information of DTN’ output Monitoring the output evaluation according to performance capacity Monitoring the degree, certificate issuance according to performance capacity Monitoring the collection and process of multi direction – information of DTN’ output Examining the output evaluation according to performance capacity Examining the degree, certificate issuance according to performance capacity Examining the collection and process of multi direction – information of DTN’ output Monitoring the readiness in adapting to the impacts of the context Examining the adapting activities to the impacts of the context to Oganizing the Adapting to the Planning impacts of the possitively adapt scheme to context on to the impacts of adapt to the the context impacts of the training context management 1.5.2 Contents of mid-level - industrial electrical vocational training management according to performance capacity - Managing the enrollment - Managing the training program development - Managing the performance process of training program - Managing the conditions serving for training organizing - Managing the output of the training progress 1.6 Factors affect the vocational training management in industrial electricity towards performance capacity The thought of leaders have not been renovated, the leadership method is backward 11 implement professional records This training management is conducted directly from the training department and specialized departments under the direction of the Principal and Vice Principal who is in charge of training on the basis of the approved annual plan In addition, in the course of the study, we found that, despite the difficult conditions of teaching, the lack of teaching equipment, especially those related to technology, the students’ learning attitude is rather high This is also consistent with the annual graduation rate of 91% over the total number of students enrolled 2.3.5.2 Reality of learners’ learning activities Looking at the survey we see, according to adminitratorss and teachers’ assessment, the learners’ learning activity only fall into the average with X = 3.04 X = 3.02 (Average) In eight surveys of students' learning activities, we found that the content of "Students in class time" was ranked at first with X = 3.23 Of these, 43 respondents made up 33.3% of the respondents said that their attendance was good, with 62 made up 48.1% saying that the content was good Despite being ranked first, the overall average of this content is just average The same opinion with adminitrators, in this content, the teachers group ranked the second and the average score was only X = 3.13 The group of adminitrators rank the content "the learning attitudes of students" th at order Similarly, the group of teachers ranked this content in the last position This, in turn, coincides with the sense of attitudes of students in learning Talking with us, teacher T.T.X.Q said, generally aware of the attitude of children are slightly weak, self-discipline, serious in learning is limited Although they come to class quite often, the attitude of constructing the lessons, responding to the problems given the teachers is low In practical subjects, their learning attitude is somewhat better This will definitely affect the quality of the training 2.3.5.3 Reality of examining and assessing the studying results Survey showed that in the group of adminitrators ranked as good with X = 3.50, the rest teachers only rate at average with X = 3.14 Over the past years, the implementation of the process of assessing students’ performance has always ensured the school's regulations The results of the assessment are based on the self-assessment of each student and confirmed by the head teacher, head of department /subject After being evaluated by the Board, the representative of the Board of Education approved the final result and announced to all students 2.3.6 Reality of facilities, equipment for training In the reality survey, the author of the dissertation found that the Board of Management the mid-level schools decentralize the management of facilities – teaching equipment in the teaching process for the units as follows: general equipment, theoretical classroom assigned to the training department’s management; practice workshops, vocational training equipment assigned to specialized departments’ management At the same time, all kind of fixed assets are assigned to teachers with the requirement to record the using process So, this content also received quite good ratings 12 2.3.7 General comment on training activities Chart 2.3 Reality of industrial electrical vocational training activities in mid-level schools The chart above shows that when surveying the target group of adminitrators, amont the 10 contents related to the industrial electrical vocational training activities in the mid-level schools were surveyed, the average score was X = 3.34 in 3,40 < X ≤ 4,20 This shows that the training activities of the mid-level school is quite good 2.4 Reality of industrial electrical vocational training according to performance capacity Based on the reality of training, training management in general, industrial electrical industry in the mid-level schools in the North Central Coast, the identification of the reality management of industrial electrical vocational training by capacity is extremely necessary and completely logical so that the author propose appropriate solutions 2.4.1 Reality of enrollment managing 13 Chart 2.4 Managing the enrollment Looking at the table above, the adminitrators team evaluated the enrollment by the ability to perform industrial electrical industry is quite good Meanwhile, the teachers group only found that the work was only at the average 2.4.2 Reality of managing and building training program One of the training managing activities with orientation to improve the performance capacity of students during the training progress and after graduation is building the training plans, contents and programs Training program is a very important factor in the quality of training, especially in terms of performance capacity In the table of 10 surveyed contents, there is a difference between the group of adminitrators and teachers in the assessment of the managing the training planning, contents and training programs The content of "Training department plans and coordinate to set up training schedule and progress based on the training plan, contents and training program" is ranked the 1st with average score X = 3.49 under the view of adminitrators group ( of which people make up 4.7% and 54 people make up 51.9%), and is ranked the 5th GV ranked 5th with X =3.09% under the view of teachers, of them make up 2.8% ranked good, 54 accounting for 24.8% rank at the rather, 113 people accounted for 51.8% ranked at normal 2.4.3 Reality of managing performance progress of training program 2.4.3.1 Reality of teaching management of teachers With 10 contents of management, according to the survey, it is found that in the opinion of the adminitrators on the teaching management of teachers is somewhat 14 higher than the teacher's assessment The average score for the 10 contents is X = 3.43 (rather) in view of mangers and is X = 3.10 (normal) in view of teachers) 2.4.3.2 Reality of managing learners’ studying activities Together with the management of teaching activities, managing student learning activities is an important task in improving the quality of training at mid-level schools in the North Central Coast that have industrial electrical vocational training A survey on adminitrators and teachers, we can recognize that the contents of managing learners’ studying are mentioned CBQL and teachers directly teaches that the contents of student learning management are mentioned This content revolves around the performance capacity axis of post graduated students The average score for the 13 management items assessed by adminitrators and teachers was X = 3.49 (Rather) and X = 3.13 (Normal) 2.4.3.3 Evaluation by students and ex-students about industrial electrical training and training management Table 2.18 Rating of training program No Content Volume of knowledge of training program Training program meet knowledge and skill – standardized equirements Real value of subjects Reasonable time Program content suitable to the learners’ knowledge Average Good Rating level Rather Normal Weak Qu % Qu 2.5 62 25.8 99 41.2 73 30.4 3.00 10 4.2 66 27.5 124 51.7 40 16.7 3.19 2 15 0.8 6.2 68 28.3 141 58.8 29 12.1 77 32.1 138 57.5 10 4.2 3.17 3.40 2.9 92 38.3 111 46.2 30 12.5 3.13 - - 3.17 - - % - Qu - % - Qu - % Aver age Ranks Qu % ( X ) Least - - - According to the student's assessment of the content of the curriculum, we found that most students rated average Only content "suitable with training content" is rated at a Rather level Table 2.19 Managing students’ studying No Content Good Qu % Rather Qu % Level Normal Qu % Ever Weak Least age Ranks Qu % Qu % ( X ) Disseminating the school's regulations on the duties, 37 15.4 105 43.8 64 26.7 34 14.2 responsibilities and interests of students Educating students about the career, motivation and attitudes 20 8.3 98 40.8 96 40.0 26 10.8 of students Building regulations for 13 5.4 99 41.2 128 53.3 managing student learning 3.60 3.46 3.52 15 No 10 11 12 13 Content Establishing a close relationship between the School, the family and the society in the managing of student learning activities Disseminating learning methods, occupational skills training for students Encouraging students to develop their self-study ability, self-research, and organizing extra-curricular learning Commend and discipline the pupils on the movements of emulation and training Building criteria for evaluating the activities of students in the emulation movement Organizing learning activities, training in the theory class Organizing learning activities, training during lab time, school workshop Organizing learning activities, training during practice hours, realistic practice in the enterprises Organizing study and training activities during field visits Organizing learning activities, extracurricular outings, mass organizations at the school Average Good Qu % Rather Qu % Level Normal Qu % Ever Weak Least age Ranks Qu % Qu % ( X ) 2.5 78 32.5 89 37.1 67 27.9 3.09 11 15 6.2 65 27.1 105 43.8 55 22.9 3.16 10 3.3 59 24.6 111 46.2 62 25.8 3.05 12 3.8 76 31.7 108 45.0 47 19.6 3.19 11 4.6 69 28.8 128 53.3 32 13.3 3.24 3.3 68 28.3 131 54.6 32 13.3 3.22 3.3 71 29.6 85 35.4 76 31.7 3.04 13 15 6.2 66 27.5 125 52.1 34 14.2 3.25 3.3 73 30.4 123 51.2 36 15.0 3.22 3.3 73 30.4 127 52.9 32 13.3 3.23 - - 3.26 - - - - - - - - - Regarding the management of students' learning activities, most of the students said that the management level of the school is normal There are only contents that are good (Dissemination of the school's regulations on duties, responsibilities and rights of students, education on career, motivation and attitudes of students; regulation on learning activities of students) with a corresponding average score X = 3.6; X = 3.46; X = 3.52) 16 Table 2.20 Assessment of alumni on the level of achievement of knowledge Level No Content Knowledge of industrial electrical in general Wide specialized knowledge Practical knowledge English level Informatics and application of new technology Understanding of culture, history, society, politics Average Strongly Full full Qu % Qu % Aver Less Rank Normal Incomplete age complete s X) ( Qu % Qu % Qu % 0.6 18 11.6 68 43.9 58 37.4 10 6.5 2.62 1.3 22 14.2 69 44.5 50 32.3 12 7.7 2.69 1.3 18 11.6 66 42.6 58 37.4 11 3.2 22 14.2 66 42.6 48 31.0 14 7.1 9.0 2.62 2.71 1.9 16 10.3 70 45.2 56 36.1 10 6.5 2.65 3.9 20 12.9 69 44.5 47 30.3 13 8.4 2.73 - 2.67 - - - - - - - - - - According to the statistics in the table above, the knowledge gained by the students was only normal with the average score X = 2.67 In the assessment of the former "knowledge about industrial electricity in general" 18 people accounted for 11.6% said that at full level, 68 comments accounted for 43.9% said that at normal level Up to 58 opinions accounted for 37.4% were less complete and 6.5% were incomplete Table 2.21 The reasons that post graduated students can not find a job No Content The results of the studies and the related certificates have not met the requirements of the recruiter The knowledge and skills provided in the school is not enough and not suitable for the job requirements Lack of employment information No financial support in the job applying process The level of informatics and foreign languages is low Not trying enough to find opportunities Average Level Ave Very Less Influential Ranks influential influential ( X ) Qu % Qu % Qu % 65 41.9 71 45.8 19 12.3 2.29 68 43.9 69 44.5 18 11.6 2.32 64 41.3 69 44.5 22 14.2 2.271 60 38.7 77 49.7 18 11.6 2.271 64 41.3 70 45.2 21 13.5 2.277 61 - 39.4 75 - 48.4 - 19 12.3 2.271 2.28 In the six contents of the survey, the content "knowledge and skills are not enough and not suitable for work requirements" ranked first with average score X = 2.32, of which 43.9 % are very influential, 45.8% are influenced and only 12.3% are less influential As such, we see that the performance of trained in the school affects the job search process of alumni 17 2.4.4 Reality of managing conditions for training organizing - Reality of managing the planning and training of the contingent of teachers and administrators - Reality of strengthening the management and effective use of material foundations and technical equipment in service of training - Reality of managing of the renovation of teaching methods 2.4.5 Reality of managing of outputs of the training process - Reality of managing, inspecting and evaluating of training quality - Reality of coordination between schools and enterprises in training organizing and managing 2.5 Evaluating the influence of factors on the management of mid-level industrial electrical training according to its implementation capacity - The objective weaknesses such as guidelines, policies of the Party, the State, the development of education - training; the orientation of changing the economic structure and social structure of the society; The expense of other organizations to invest in vocational training of the institutions - The subjective factors, such as: management capacity, professional qualifications, ethics of the leader; qualifications and responsibilities of teachers and administrators; its content, curriculum and teaching materials; material facilities, teaching equipment of the institutions 2.6 General comment on reality of vocational training management of mid-level industrial electricity by capacity 2.6.1 Strength Based on the results of the survey on all aspects of vocational training management in industrial electricity in vocational schools in the North Central region, we think that the mid-level schools in the North Central Region have some following strengths: training management apparatus; training objectives; coordinating training activities; training content; teaching activities; learning activities of students; enrollment work; evaluation of learning outcomes, accreditation of training quality; Equipment and equipment for training activities have certain strengths and advantages 2.6.2 Limitations In addition to the above mentioned strengths, vocational training in the field of industrial electricity in the North Central Vietnam has also encountered certain limitations These weaknesses and limitations are concentrated in the following areas: management of curriculum development; enrollment work; teaching management; lack of, backward teaching equipment; the process of monitoring, examining and evaluating learning outcomes and coordinating with employers Chapter Conclusion Trong nghiên cứu thực trạng đào tạo thực trạng quản lý đào tạo nghề điện công nghiệp theo lực thực trường trung cấp khu vực Bắc trung bộ, kết cho thấy, hoạt động quản lý đào tạo nghề điện công nghiệp theo lực thực trường trung cấp khu vực Bắc Trung đạt mức trung bình 18 Based on the theoretical framework developed in Chapter 1, the picture of reality of training and training management of intermediate-level industrial electrical vocational training according to the capacity of the middle schools North Central region has been clearly revealed in all aspects In the study on the reality of training and the reality of management of vocational training of industry electricity according to the capacity of the mid-level schools in the North Central region, the results showed that the management of vocational training in industrial electricity based on performance capacity of midlevel schools in the North Central region is at the average level In addition, the management of vocational training of electric industry by capacity is only average Some of the content in the training management activities is quite good, but the training management activities are not quite enough The vocational training of intermediate-level industrial electricity trained in the North Central Vietnam has some strengths and some limitations There are many subjective and objective factors affecting the management of vocational training of industrial electricity in the mid-level schools in the North Central Region Based on the strengths, weaknesses and affecting subjective and objective factors, the dissertation proposes appropriate solutions to improve the efficiency of management of vocational training of industrial electricity according to its capacity at mid-level schools Chapter SOLUTIONS ON MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRICAL TRAINING ACTIVITIES INDUSTRIAL IN THE NORTH CENTRAL COAST BY PERFORMANCE CAPACITY 3.1 Principle of proposing solution The research, selection of solutions to improve the training management of industrial electricity needs to ensure the main principles are: inheritance, synchronism, system, practicality and feasibility 3.1.1 Principles of inheritance Inheritance is the process of absorbing, using, utilizing existing ones In the management of training, inheritance is a very important factor Solutions proposed on the basis of being considered, inherited the achievements gained in practice 3.1.2 Principle of ensuring synchronism, system Ensure consistency in the assessment of the current situation in the management of training in the industrial electrical sector in the system in mid - level schools, the proposal of solutions to be placed in the system of objectives, tasks and solutions of the educational development strategy in each stage and in objectives and tasks of the training institution 3.1.3 Principle of ensuring practicality This principle requires the researcher to propose appropriate solutions based on the analysis of the current state of management of vocational training of electric industry according to the performance capacity of the mid-level schools in the past time 3.1.4 Principle of ensuring feasibility The feasibility of solutions must be promoted effectively when being applied to the practical situation in line with the local socio-economic development 19 3.2 Solutions for management of mid-level vocational training of electrical industry in the mid-level schools in the North Central Region according to the implementation capacity 3.2.1 Solution 1: Organizing career guidance and enrollment oriented capacity 3.2.1.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.1.2 Content of the solution 3.2.1.3 Method of operating 3.2.1.4 Conditions of implementation 3.2.2 Solution 2: Management develops training programs based on performance-driven approach tied to output standards 3.2.2.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.2.2 Content of the solution 3.2.2.3 Method of operating 3.2.2.4 Conditions of implementation 3.2.3 Solution 3: Monitoring the reform of teaching methods To direct the reform of the teaching methods and methods of teachers 3.2.3.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.3.2 Content of the solution 3.2.3.3 Method of operating 3.2.3.4 Conditions of implementation 3.2.4 Solution 4: Strickly managing learners’ studying and self studying 3.2.4.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.4.2 Content of the solution 3.2.4.3 Method of operating 3.2.4.4 Conditions of implementation 3.2.5 Solution 5: Monitoring the renovation of form and method of evaluating training results orientet to approach learners’ capacity 3.2.5.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.5.2 Content of the solution 3.2.5.3 Method of operating 3.2.5.4 Conditions of implementation 3.2.6 Solution 6: Strengthening conditions of facitities and training equipment 3.2.6.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.6.2 Content of the solution 3.2.6.3 Method of operating 3.2.6.4 Conditions of implementation 3.2.7 Solution Organizing close cooperation between schools and enterprises, employers in industrial electrical vocational training activities 3.2.7.1 Purpose of the solution 3.2.7.2 Content of the solution 3.2.7.3 Method of operating 3.2.7.4 Conditions of implementation 3.3 Examining the urgency and feasibility of solutions 20 Chart 3.1 The urgentness of proposed solutions Chart 3.2 Feasibility of proposed solutions It was found that, according to adminitrators and teachers, most of the solutions were considered as very urgent or urgent with the overall average score given by groups are X = 4.25 X = 4.21 Only few thoughts assess the proposed solutions at a normal level Among the above mentioned solutions, both the adminitrators group 21 and teachers group evaluate the solution as the most urgent and the Solution is the least urgent In terms of feasibility as well, it is said that all the opinions are feasible, in which the adminitrators group suggest that the solutions are feasible, in which the adminitrators team believes that the solution "Good management of vocational counseling and enrolling of students in the orientation of performance capacity" is the most feasible with average point of X = 4.51 Similarly, the group of teachers also evaluated the most feasible solution is " Good management of vocational counseling and enrolling of students in the orientation of performance capacity " with X = 4.43 The average score of feasible of solutions in adminitrators group and teachers group is equal to X = 4.25 and X = 4.26 This means that both teachers and adminitrators have identified the proposed solutions as feasible 3.4 Experimenting solutions Based on the research scope of the dissertation, practical conditions and reality of training management on industrial electricity on performance capacity, the author of the thesis only organizes the test for one solution: Experimenting Solution No 7: Organize a close coordination between schools and enterprises, employers in the field of industrial electrical vocational training 3.4.1 Testing purpose Testing to assess the suitability of management solutions for coordination with enterprises that employ industrial electrical workers 3.4.2 Limit experiment - Test time: from February 2017 to June 2017 3.4.3 Test Content Planning the content that schools should cooperate with the enterprises to participate in the trial Collaborating with enterprises to provide information about the labor market to students at the school Collaborating with enterprises to organize activities and extracurricular outings to enhance the students’ occupational skills Coordinating with enterprises in adjusting and developing their training programs Enterprises dispatch experts to assist teachers to teaching some relating experimental modules Enterprises create conditions for students to visit and practice in their production facilities Enterprises take part in counseling and recruiting students to work for them 3.4.4 Method and process of testing 3.4.5 Test results After a one-year trial period, we obtained the following results in the control and control groups: 22 Table 3.5 Solution test results No 10 11 Rating level X Good Rather Normal Weak Least Enterprises provides information NĐC 13.2 52.6 34.2 2.78 to the school about recruitment 11.4 8.6 4.08 needs and recruitment methods NTN 37.1 42.9 Enterprises provide information NĐC 2.6 18.4 52.6 26.3 2.97 to the school about the innovation process in production and business and the demand for NTN 48.6 20.0 31.4 4.17 new technical labor The school provides information NĐC 18.4 2.6 55.3 23.7 3.15 to enterprises about graduating NTN 54.3 37.1 8.6 4.45 students Business experts engage in NĐC 5.3 21.1 52.6 21.1 3.10 teaching and guiding students to NTN 62.9 25.7 8.6 2.9 4.48 practice The enterprise facilitates NĐC 15.8 7.9 44.7 31.6 3.07 students to visit, practice NTN 48.6 37.1 14.3 4.34 production The enterprise supports the NĐC 13.2 10.5 47.4 28.9 3.07 facilities, means of teaching and NTN 57.1 37.5 5.7 4.51 learning for the school Enterprises participate in NĐC 5.3 18.4 57.9 18.4 3.10 developing or adjusting training NTN 51.4 37.1 11.4 4.40 programs Enterprises participate in NĐC 3.0 assessing the output of students base on performance capacity combining recruitment of NTN 71.4 22.9 2.9 2.9 4.62 industrial electrical workers Experts of business consulting NĐC 18.4 7.9 55.3 18.4 3.26 and recruiting students graduated NTN 57.1 34.3 5.7 2.9 4.45 from the school Adminitrators of the school find NĐC 18.4 10.5 55.3 15.8 3.31 out the demand of employing industrial electrical labor in the NTN 62.9 28.6 8.6 4.54 enterprise Enterprises send staff to work in NĐC 13.2 10.5 52.6 10.5 13.2 3.13 industrial electrical schools to enhance working capacity in the NTN 65.7 34.3 4.65 school Content and object of evaluation 23 The results in the table above show that there is a significant difference between the mean score in the experimental group and the control group The mean score in the experimental group was significantly higher than in the control group Chapter Conclusion Based on the practice of management of industrial electrical vocational training in the school in the North Central Coast, the author of the thesis proposed the principles of solutions and practical solutions in training management base on performance capacity According to the study, the author proposed solutions to manage the industrial electrical vocational training on capacity in schools in the North Central Coast These solutions aim to improve the effectiveness of training management in the surveyed schools The above solutions are necessary and feasible in improving the efficiency of training and training management according to the capacity of conducting industrial electrical in the intermdiate schools in the North Central Coast The result of 01 solution shows that the experiment solution is appropriate, feasible and useful for the selected school in improving the quality of mid- level training management of the industry secondary level by performance capacity The solutions proposed in chapter are described with different components such as the solution's objectives, the content of the solution, the conditions of implementation, and especially, the emphasis on the performance capacity of industrial electricity for students after graduation CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions Career performing capacity is a very important factor for the learner after graduation and being in occupation The success or failure of each individual depends very much on the individual's ability gained in and after the training process in the school The thesis has studied some basic concepts of management, training, training management, training management according to the capacity of implementation Within the framework of the doctoral dissertation, the author has focused research the theoretical and practical basis of the solution to manage industrial electrical training activities according to the performance capacity at mid-level schools in the North Central Coast Region Vocational training based on performance capacity pay attention to inputs, processes, outputs under the influence of many subjective and objective factors, including elements of socio-economic context, professional characteristics , the change of technology One of the great strengths of performance capacity-based training is that the output is close to the employer's needs and social needs Industrial electrical vocational training in mid-level schools in the North Central Coast of Vietnam is not clear enough and does not focus much on the capacity of the students after graduation Results of the survey show that the factors (objectives, enrollment, teachers, learners, material facilities, relationships with enterprises ) of capacity based training method not fully meet Input management, process management, output management which remain some inadequate problems, and are at medium level, need to gain appropriate adaptation to the context and recovery solutions 24 The research points out that there are many factors both subjective and objective affect the process of industrial electrical vocational training in the direction of capacity in the mid-level schools in the North Central Coast The influence of each factor on the management of training is different Based on the theory and practice of training management activities, the author proposed necessary and feasible measures to improve the effectiveness of training management according to the industrial electrical vocational training by schools With the results obtained, these are the options that can be selected in the management of training activities in order to improve the efficiency of education and training according to the capacity of implementing industrial electricity in the schools of the North Central Coast Recommendations 2.1 Recommendations to industrial electrical vocational schools in North Centre Coast It is necessary to renovate the management mechanism in accordance with the vocational training system of the school Renovate the annual enrollment, promote the school's brand more on the media to attract students There should be legal documents, guidelines on organization and management training in accordance with the method of vocational training Research should be conducted to develop vocational training through on-the-job training by enrollment and class opening directly from high schools Having reasonable policies to encourage teachers and school administrators to improve their skills and attract new staff It is necessary to strengthen the direction of the renovation of curriculum content, curriculum and teaching methods Strengthening the number of young teaching staff, especially in specialized subjects Creating conditions for administrators and teachers to study and improve their knowledge and skills, update advanced scientific information for teaching activities and professional management to enhance knowledge and skills Intensifying the organizing of training activities and planning regular and timely inspection, examination and evaluation schemes It is necessary to have a long-term and synchronous plan to strengthen the facilities and equipment in order to expand the scope and diversify the forms of training according to the functions and tasks of the schools to meet and satisfy the learning demands Focusing on building a long-term school development strategy and a rational structure of training disciplines, focusing on improving the quality and effectiveness of training It is necessary to coordinate with enterprises in the North Central Coast region, industrial parks and export processing zones to cooperate in training and using industrial electric labor educated by the training schools 2.2 Recommend to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Establishing training program framework on mid-level industrial electricity closed to the demand of labour market Implementing activities and competitions to enhance the capacity of staff, teachers and students of vocational schools Organizing refreshing courses to improve the managerial capacity of adminitrators in the mid-level schools./ REFERRENCES LIST Le Dai Hung (2015) Training management according to performance capacity in mid-level schools in the serve of the industrialization and modernization, Journal of Education no 357 period 1, issued May/2015 Le Dai Hung (2015) Mid-level training management oriented to performance capacity in Asean mid-level vocational schools Journal training equipment, special edition, September/2015 Le Dai Hung (2017) Reality of training management according to performance capacity in schools in North Central Coast, Journal training management, edition No 10, October /2017 Le Dai Hung (2017) Management of mid-level industrial electrical vocational training meets the requirements of the industrial revolution 4.0 Proceedings of the International Conference on Science, HaNoi 2017 Le Dai Hung (2018) Solutions for training management in industrial electricity oriented to performance capacity in mid-level schools in North Central Coast Journal training management, May/2018 ... công nghiệp theo lực thực trường trung cấp khu vực Bắc trung bộ, kết cho thấy, hoạt động quản lý đào tạo nghề điện công nghiệp theo lực thực trường trung cấp khu vực Bắc Trung đạt mức trung bình... thesis 10.1 About theory 10.2 About reality 11 Structure of the thesis Besides introduction, conclusion, references, recommendations, annex, this thesis includes three chapters Chapter THEORY OF PERFORMANCE... demand for labor resource of the labor market in general Study responsibility 6.1 To systematize theoretical issues on industrial electrical vocational training and training management in accordance
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