What are the most common pregnancy and labor complications

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Ngày đăng: 26/11/2018, 10:16

Pregnancy complications What are the most common pregnancy and labor complications?The normal symptoms of pregnancy and the symptoms of complications are sometimes hard to distinguish. Although many problems are mild and don’t progress, you should always contact your doctor if you have any concerns during your pregnancy. Most pregnancy complications are manageable with prompt treatment.These are the most common complications women experience during pregnancy:High blood pressureHigh blood pressure occurs when the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the organs and the placenta are narrowed. High blood pressure is associated with a higher risk of many other complications, like preeclampsia. It puts you at a higher risk of having a baby well before your due date. This is called preterm delivery. It also increases your risk of having a baby who’s small. It’s important to control your blood pressure with medications during pregnancy.Gestational diabetesGestational diabetes occurs when your body cannot process sugars effectively. This leads to higherthannormal levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Some women will need to modify their meal plans to help control blood sugar levels. Others may need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar levels in control. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after pregnancy.PreeclampsiaPreeclampsia is also called toxemia. It occurs after the first 20 weeks of a pregnancy and causes high blood pressure and possible problems with your kidneys. The recommended treatment for preeclampsia is delivery of the baby and placenta to prevent the disease from progressing. Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits regarding timing of delivery. Your doctor may induce labor if you’re 37 to 40 weeks pregnant.If it’s too early to deliver your baby, your doctor will need to monitor you and your baby closely. They may prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure and help the baby mature if you are not full term. You may be hospitalized for monitoring and care.Preterm laborPreterm labor occurs when you go into labor before week 37 of your pregnancy. This is before your baby’s organs, such as the lungs and the brain, have finished developing. Certain medications can stop labor. Doctors usually recommend bed rest to keep the baby from being born too early.MiscarriageA miscarriage is the loss of pregnancy during the first 20 weeks. According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), up to 20 percent of pregnancies among healthy women will end in a miscarriage. Sometimes, this happens before a woman is even aware of the pregnancy. In most cases, miscarriage isn’t preventable.A loss of pregnancy after week 20 of pregnancy is called a stillbirth. Many times the cause for this isn’t known. Issues that have been found to cause stillbirths include:•problems with the placenta•chronic health issues in the mother•infections What are the most common pregnancy and labor complications? The normal symptoms of pregnancy and the symptoms of complications are sometimes hard to distinguish Although many problems are mild and don’t progress, you should always contact your doctor if you have any concerns during your pregnancy Most pregnancy complications are manageable with prompt treatment These are the most common complications women experience during pregnancy: High blood pressure High blood pressure occurs when the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the organs and the placenta are narrowed High blood pressure is associated with a higher risk of many other complications, like preeclampsia It puts you at a higher risk of having a baby well before your due date This is called preterm delivery It also increases your risk of having a baby who’s small It’s important to control your blood pressure with medications during pregnancy Gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes occurs when your body cannot process sugars effectively This leads to higher-than-normal levels of sugar in the bloodstream Some women will need to modify their meal plans to help control blood sugar levels Others may need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar levels in control Gestational diabetes usually resolves after pregnancy Preeclampsia Preeclampsia is also called toxemia It occurs after the first 20 weeks of a pregnancy and causes high blood pressure and possible problems with your kidneys The recommended treatment for preeclampsia is delivery of the baby and placenta to prevent the disease from progressing Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits regarding timing of delivery Your doctor may induce labor if you’re 37 to 40 weeks pregnant If it’s too early to deliver your baby, your doctor will need to monitor you and your baby closely They may prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure and help the baby mature if you are not full term You may be hospitalized for monitoring and care Preterm labor Preterm labor occurs when you go into labor before week 37 of your pregnancy This is before your baby’s organs, such as the lungs and the brain, have finished developing Certain medications can stop labor Doctors usually recommend bed rest to keep the baby from being born too early Miscarriage A miscarriage is the loss of pregnancy during the first 20 weeks According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), up to 20 percent of pregnancies among healthy women will end in a miscarriage Sometimes, this happens before a woman is even aware of the pregnancy In most cases, miscarriage isn’t preventable A loss of pregnancy after week 20 of pregnancy is called a stillbirth Many times the cause for this isn’t known Issues that have been found to cause stillbirths include: • problems with the placenta • chronic health issues in the mother • infections Anemia Anemia means that you have a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in your body If you have anemia, you may feel more tired and weak than usual, and you may have pale skin Anemia has many causes and your doctor will need to treat the underlying cause of the anemia Taking supplements of iron and folic acid during your pregnancy may help since most cases of anemia occur due to a deficiency Infections A variety of bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections may complicate a pregnancy Infections can be harmful to both the mother and the baby, so it’s important to seek treatment right away Some examples include: • a urinary tract infection • bacterial vaginosis • cytomegalovirus • group B Streptococcus • hepatitis B virus, which can spread to your baby during birth • influenza • toxoplasmosis, which is an infection caused by a parasite found in cat feces, soil, and raw meat • a yeast infection • Zika virus You can prevent some infections by washing your hands often You can prevent others, such as hepatitis B virus and influenza, by vaccination Labor complications Complications can also occur during labor and delivery If there’s a problem during labor, your doctor may need to change the way they proceed with the delivery Breech position A baby is considered in a breech position when their feet are positioned to be delivered before their head According to the APA, this occurs in about percent of full-term births Most babies born in this position are healthy You doctor will recommend against a vaginal birth if your baby shows signs of distress or is too big to pass safely through the birth canal If your doctor finds out that your baby is in the breech position a few weeks before delivery, they might try to change the position of the baby If the baby is still in the breech position when labor starts, most doctors recommend a cesarean delivery Placenta previa Placenta previa means that the placenta is covering the cervix Doctors will usually perform a cesarean delivery if this is the case Low birth weight Low birth weight usually occurs due to poor nutrition or the use of cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs during pregnancy Babies who are born at a low birth weight have a higher risk of: • respiratory infections • learning disabilities • heart infections • blindness The baby may need to stay in the hospital for a few months after birth ... vaccination Labor complications Complications can also occur during labor and delivery If there’s a problem during labor, your doctor may need to change the way they proceed with the delivery Breech... monitor you and your baby closely They may prescribe medications to help lower your blood pressure and help the baby mature if you are not full term You may be hospitalized for monitoring and care Preterm... monitoring and care Preterm labor Preterm labor occurs when you go into labor before week 37 of your pregnancy This is before your baby’s organs, such as the lungs and the brain, have finished developing
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