CHUYÊN ĐỀ ĐẢO NGỮ TRONG TIẾNG ANH

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Đảo ngữ trong Tiếng Anh thường được dùng với dụng ý nhấn mạnh về một sự việc hay một chủ thể nhất định được đề cập tới trong câu. Bài viết này sẽ giới thiệu về 10 dạng đảo ngữ thường gặp trong tiếng Anh. Cùng tham khảo và nâng cao vốn ngữ pháp của bản thân nhé. Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP KEY 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Only when a country is independent can it be prosperous Only after obtaining a driving license, can you drive a car Only after a twelve hours wait did their flight leave At no time did he suspect that money had been stolen Only later did he recognize that he had been deceived Never have I seen such a house Not once has our neighbor invited us into his home Under no circumstances should you phone the police Only after the money has been received will we dispatch Rarely I buy any other papers Never does he buy a paper without reading the whole thing Seldom we have enough time to read Hardly will she ever read the editorials At no time was the outcome of the election in doubt So great was the demand that they had to reprint the book immediately Seldom you find reunited twins who not get on well together There were many reasons for the choice Beside the roadside stood a horse Only by practicing English everyday can you make progress in it Never before have I heard such an extraordinary story Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP Đảo ngữ (P2) I Đảo ngữ với: No sooner … Than; Hardly/ Barely/ Scarcely… When/before ( Vừa ….thì…) No sooner + had + S + P2 + than + clause Hardly/ Barely/ Scarcely + Auxiliary + S + V + when/before + clause I had no sooner arrived home than the phone rang  No sooner had I arrived home than the phone rang I had hardly arrived home when the phone rang Hardly had I arrived home when the phone rang Ví dụ: 1/ He got down to writing the letter as soon as he returned from his walk No sooner had he returned from his walk than He got down to writing the letter 2/She just had time to put up her umbrella before the rain came down in torrents No sooner had she put up her umbrella than the rain came down in torrents 3/She had hardly begun to speak before people started interrupting her Hardly had she begun to speak when people started interrupting her 4/ Someone rang the alarm as soon as the burglars left the building No sooner had the burglars left the building than Someone rang the alarm 5/ Tear gas was released as soon as the thieves touched the safe No sooner had the thieves touched the safe than Tear gas was released 6/ Immediately after his appointment to the post, the new editor fell ill No sooner had he been appointment to the post than the editor fell ill 7/ I had hardly put the phone down when the boss rang back Hardly had I put the phone down when the boss rang back 8/ She had hardly begun her performance when the light went out No sooner had she begun her performance than the light went out II Đảo ngữ với Not until/till ( then/ later) Not until/till + Clause He couldn’t speak until he was + Au + S + V Then/later/ Adv of time  Not until he was 8, could he speak = It was not until he was that he could speak Not until I got home, did I know that I had lost my keys = It was not until I got home that I knew that I had lost my keys He forgot about the gun until he got to the police station Not until he got to the Police Station, did he remember about the gun He didn’t return to his country until last June Not till did he return to his country until last June III Đảo ngữ với NOWHERE Nowhere + Auxi + S + V Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP You won’t find a more dedicated worker anywhere than Mrs Jones Nowhere will you find a more dedicated worker than Mrs Jones Nowhere can you find your wallet Nowhere in the world is the climate as rough as that in the North Pole Nowhere I feel as comfortable as I at home IV Đảo ngữ với SO SUCH: a/ Đảo ngữ với SO: So + adj/adv + Au + S + that + clause He worked so hard that he forgot his lunch So hard did he work that he forgot his lunch The play is so popular that the theatre is likely to be full every night So popular is the play that the theatre is likely to be full every night It is so hot that you can fry an egg on the pavement So hot is it that you can fry an egg on the pavement Her grief was so great that she almost fainted So great was her grief that she almost fainted b/ Đảo ngữ với SUCH: Such + Be + Noun + that + clause The play is so popular that the theatre is likely to be full every night Such is the popularity of the play that the theatre is likely to be full every night She is so beautiful that I can’t take my eyes off her Such is her beauty that I can’t take my eyes off her Her grief is so great that she almost fainted  Such is her grief that she almost fainted He was so intelligent that he could answer all the questions in “ Who wants to become a millionaire?” Such was his intelligence that he could answer all the questions in “ Who wants to become a millionaire?” V Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện (Inversion in Conditional Sentences) Trong câu điều kiện ta thực đảo ngữ mệnh đề với If (If clause) Với loại câu điều kiện, ta có cách đảo ngữ riêng a Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại I (type I) If+S +(should)+ V  Should + S + Vinfinitive If he comes, I’ll call the police Should he come, I’ll call the police b Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại II (type II) * Câu có động từ "to be": If + S + were  Were + S I f I were you, I wouldn't that Were I you, I wouldn't that * Câu dùng động từ thƣờng: If + S + Ved/irregular verb  Were + S + to Vinfinitive Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP If I knew Portuguese, I’d speak to Ronando Were I to know Portuguese, I’d speak to Ronando If + S + had Ved2  Had + S + P2 If I hadn’t seen it with my own eyes, I wouldn't have believed it Had I not seen it with my own eyes, I wouldn't have believed it c Câu điều kiện loại III (type III) Notes: Với câu điều kiện phủ định, đảo ngữ ta để NOT sau chủ ngữ VI Đảo ngữ sau cụm trạng từ phƣơng hƣớng vị trí: ( Inversion after adverbial phrases of direction and place) Khi câu bắt đầu cụm trạng từ, đặc biệt trạng từ phương hướng vị trí nội động từ thường đảo lên trước chủ ngữ Cách đảo ngữ sử dụng đặc biệt văn phong trang trọng ( formal) văn chương ( literary) ` (Place) + V + S Here comes the train Above the fireplace was a portrait of Lenin On the table sat the cat Up went the price In an armchair sat his mother Notes:  Động từ TO BE thường sử dụng dạng đảo ngữ này, ta dùng động từ chuyển động như” climb, come, fly,go, hang, lie, run, sit, stand…  Thường dùng dạng đảo ngữ động từ khứ đơn giản  Trong trường hợp đảo ngữ này, không sử dụng trợ động từ câu hỏi mà dùng trực tiếp động từ đặt trước chủ ngữ  Không thực đảo ngữ chủ ngữ đại từ  Không dùng : In an armchair sat she * Emphasizing form: Come in, please  Do come in, please I went out last night  I did go out last night It is/ was + Emphatic part + that + clause + Verb Shakespeare wrote Hamlet  It was Shakespeare that wrote Hamlet VII Bài tập Turn the following into inverted sentences The matter could be explained in no other way We had hardly started when it began to rain I have seldom heard such beautiful singing I shall never forget your kindness I saw only then the danger we were in Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP We had no sooner left the house than it exploded He didn't realize that he had lost the key till he got home They not only robbed you, they smashed everything Half a dozen apples fell down 10 If an emergency should arise, dial 999 11 If Rex were a little more hard-working, he would not fail 12 If Mr Chan had been kinder to his employees, his business would not have collapsed 13 She had never been so disappointed before 14 I have never known such a generous person 15 I have never seen such a mess in my life 16 Public borrowing has seldom been so high 17 They had seldom participated in such a fascinating ceremony 18 They little suspected that the musical was going to be a runaway success 19 The embassy staff little realized that Ted was a secret agent 20 I had hardly begun to apologize when the door closed 21 The shop can in no way be held responsible for customers' lost property 22 The couple had no sooner arrived than the priest started the ceremony 23 Tom only understood the meaning of the comment when he saw his wife's face 24 The restaurant cannot accept animals under any circumstances 25 The artist rarely paid any attention to his agent's advice 26 He bought so many books that he couldn't read them all 27 It was such a boring speech that I got sleepy Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP KEY In no way could the matter be explained Hardly had we started when it began to rain Seldom have I heard such beautiful singing Never shall I forget your kindness Only after the danger did I see we were in No sooner had we left the house than it exploded Not until he got home did he realize that he had lost the key Not only did they rob you, they smashed everything Down fell haft a dozen apples 10 Should an emergency arise, dial 999 11 Were Rex a little more hardworking, he would not fail 12 Had Mr Chan been kinder to his employees, his business would not have collapsed 13 Never had she been so disappointed before 14 Never have I known such a generous person 15 Never have I seen such a mess in my life 16 Seldom has public borrowing been so high 17 Seldom had they participated in such a fascinating ceremony 18 Little did they suspect that the musical was going to be a runaway success 19 Little did the embassy staff realize that Ted was a secret agent 20 Hardly had I begun to apologize when the door closed 21 In no way can the shop be held responsible for customers’ lost property 22 No sooner had the couple arrived than the priest started the ceremony 23 Only when Tom saw his wife’s face did he understand the meaning of the comment 24 Under no circumstances can the restaurant accept animals 25 Rarely did the artist pay any attention to his agent’s advice 26 So many books did he buy that he couldn't read them all 27 Such was a boring speech that I got sleepy Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP Đảo ngữ (P3) I BÀI TẬP (CHỮA TRONG VIDEO) EXERCISE 1 Never ………… me again a will she love b she loves c she won't loved d she will love Not only ………….but she is also very intelligent a she is beautiful b beautiful she is c is she beautiful d beautiful is she No sooner……… out that it rained a did I go b I went c had I gone d I had gone c he doesn't play d he does play Seldom…………… the guitar a he plays b does he play Hardly………… a word whether son came back a couldn't she say b she could say c she couldn't say d could she say Often………… a meeting a we have b we have c have we d we have c has he said d he has said c I take d I take c wasn't she d was he Many a time ………….he wants to marry me a said he b he said Only at weekend………….my kids to Water Park a I don't take b I take So old………… that she couldn't dance a She wasn't b she was 10 …………here yesterday, you would have met me a Were you b you were c Had you been d You had been 11 On the battle field…………… Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP a the tanks did lie b the tanks lay c did the tanks lie d lay the tanks 12 At no time …………greater opportunities a did women had b has women had c does women have d have women had 13 Not once………… into her eyes a he looked b does he looked c did he look d looked he c When d For 14 ……… has the work bee so easy a Never b only by 15 Nowhere…………… such cooperative staff a you can find b you found c you could fmd d can you find 16 Never before ………… in an earnest attempt to resolve their differences a have the leaders of these two countries met b the leaders of these two countries have met c have the leaders of these two countries meet d met the leaders of these two countries 17 Not only the child, but also the grandparents …………… a is joining b joins c were joining d has joined 18 Seldom……… a newspaper a buys Anna b does Anna buy c bought Anna d Anna does buy 19 Not only……… at the post office, ……………at the grocery store a does Mary work/but she also works b works Mary/but she also works c does Mary work/but does she also work d works Mary/but does she also work Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP 20 No sooner…………… the house than the phone started to ring a had she entered b she had entered c entered she d had entered she EXERCISE Only by saving money………… a house a he buys b he can buy c can he buy d buy she c tells he d has she told Not even once……… the truth a he tells b he tell Choose the correct inverted form a Into the room came the teachers b Not only lazy she is but she is naughty c No sooner had he drunk a cup of coffee than he asked another d A and c are correct Not only…………… beautiful but she is graceful as well a did she b she was c is she d she is No sooner ……….than he begins to be washed a is a human being born b was a human being born c a human being born d a human being had been born Seldom ……… treated like that a I have been b am I c I am d I had been Over there………… the shop that sells souvenirs a is b are c has d have Never before……… such a disaster a they suffer b they have suffered c had they suffered d they had suffered Only if I had known the difference…… the more expensive car Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn a would I bought c would I buy Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP b I would have bought d would I have bought 10 Neither Mary nor her friends………… going to the party a is b are c was d a or b 11 Only once a day……… home a does Mary leave b left Mary c Mary leaves d will Mary left 12 Only once a day ……… home a we can speak b can we speak c we speak d we cannot speak 13 Many a time…… this mistake a he makes b he has made c did he make d will he make 14 Never……… the exact cause of earthquakes a scientists have discovered b did scientists discover c scientists discover d have scientists discovered 15 Nowhere else………… a they can go b can they go c they can't go d can't they go 16 Only when at home ……… her children a does she scold b she scolds c has she scolded d she has scolded 17 Not a penny……… me a did he give b he gave c he has given d he has gave c doing d c be d are 18 No longer……… women bear a lot of children a does b did 19 Among them ……… several sacks of white flour a were b is Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP 20 On a hill in front of them……… a great castle a standing b stand c to stand d stood EXERCISE 1."This store has such high prices." "I agree Never again……… here." a I will shop b will I shop c I shop d shop I "Is this machine often in need of repair?" "No, ……… problems to arise." a Seldom don't we expect b We expect seldom c Seldom we expect d Seldom we expect "I can't see the stage very well from here." “……….” a Neither can't I b Neither I can c I can't neither d Neither can I Not until the early 1900s………… to vote in the united States a women were allowed b were women allowed c they allowed women d.when women were allowed Only recently……….a favourite sport in the United Stales a has jogging become b has become jogging c when jogging became d as jogging has become "This is one of the oldest trees in the world." “……… such a big tree." a Never I have seen b I haven't never seen c Never have I seen d I have seen never "What happened to jean' new car?" "No sooner…………… it than someone ran into her." a had she bought b she bought Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP c did she bought d she had bought "I would like to apply for the sales position you advertised" "I'm sorry No longer…………… applications for that position." a are taking we b we are taking c are we taking d we taking Amoebas reproduce by dividing……… a and other protozoans b as other protozonas c other protozoans too d similar other protozoans 10 ………….a higher concentration of people than in Tokyo and Mexico City a nowhere there is b Nowhere is c Nowhere is there d Nowhere there ins't 11 "Did you like your trip t Niagara Falls?" "It was beautiful Hardly ever ……… such a spectacular sight." a can see you b can you see c see you d you can see 12 "Can children swim in this pool?" "Yes However, at no time………… alone." a shouldn't they swim b they should swim c should swim they d should they swim 13 Only during the early twentieth century………… in the United States a liquor was prohibited then b that liquor was prohibited c when liquor was prohibited d was liquor prohibited 14 "I don't like this tossed salad very well." "Nor………” a I b I either c I d I like it either 15 Not only ……………, but he also plays the piano and writes his won songs a does Billy Joel sing b Billy Joel sings c If Billy Joel sings d what Billy Joel sings Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP 16 Nowhere ………… more prevalent than in warm, swampy places a mosquitoes are b mosquitoes is c are mosquitoes d is mosquitoes 17 Only when the ground is kept moist………… germinate a grass seeds will b will grass seeds c grass seeds does d does grass seeds 18 Not until Columbus discovered America ………… to Europe a was bananas brought b bananas were brought c were bananas brought d bananas was brought 19 Never gain ………… Greta Garbo appear in films after he retirement in the forties a was b c is d did 20 Rarely …………… professional boxers remain active beyond the age thirty-five a II b did c.are d.were BÀI TẬP (THÊM) Rewrite the sentence I’m very sick now Never I had only gone out when the phone rang Hardly _ Immediately after his arrival, things went wrong No sooner The men continued to feel unsafe until they had crossed the border Not until John didn’t celebrate a party until he received the offer of promotion in writing Not until There was so much uncertainty that the financial markets remained closed Such As soon as I got into the bath, someone knocked on the door No sooner It’s not common for there to be so much rain in March Seldom Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP You won’t be allowed in until your identity has been checked Only 10 Just after the play started, there was a power failure Hardly 11 The Prime Minister has hardly ever made a speech as incept as this Rarely 12 We had only just arrived home when the police called Scarcely 13 The way so much money has been spent to so little purpose must be a record Never before _ 14 The judge was taken ill just after the trial proceeding began Barely 15 Press photographers are banned from taking photographs back stage On no 16 We couldn’t relax until all the guests had gone home Only 17 The truth only came out on the publication of the general’s personal diaries Only when _ 18 He has first class brain but he also a tremendously hard worker Not only _ 19 They had granted one increase of pay than they asked for another no sooner No sooner _ Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cơ VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP KEY I BÀI TẬP (CHỮA TRONG VIDEO) EXERCISE 1: A C C B D A C B D 10 C 11 D 12 D 13 C 14 A 15 D 16 A 17 C 18 B 19 A 20 A A B A C D 10 B 11 A 12 D 13 C 14 D 15 B 16 A 17 A 18 D 19 D 20 D A C A C B 10 C 11 B 12 D 13 D 14 C 15 A 16 C 17 B 18 C 19 D 20 A EXERCISE 2: C D D C EXERCISE 3 III B D D B BÀI TẬP (THÊM) Rewrite the sentence Never have I been so sick Hardly had I gone out when the phone rang No sooner had he arrived than things went wrong Not until had the men crossed the border did they continued to feel unsafe Not until John received the offer of promotion in writing did he celebrate a party Such was the uncertainty that the financial markets remained closed No sooner had I got into the bath than someone knocked on the door Seldom is there so much rain in March Only when your identity has been checked will you be allowed in 10 Hardly had the play started when there was a power failure 11 Rarely has the Prime Minister made a speech as incept as this 12 Scarcely had we arrived home when the police called 13 Never before has so much money been spent to so little purpose 14 Barely had the trial proceeding begun when the judge was taken ill 15 On no conditions are press photographers allowed to take photographs back stage 16 Only when all the guests had gone home could we relax 17 Only when the general’s personal diaries were published did the truth come out 18 Not only does he have first class brain, but he is also a tremendously hard worker 19 No sooner had they granted one increase of pay than they asked for another Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 ... millionaire?” V Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện (Inversion in Conditional Sentences) Trong câu điều kiện ta thực đảo ngữ mệnh đề với If (If clause) Với loại câu điều kiện, ta có cách đảo ngữ riêng a Đảo ngữ câu... NGỮ PHÁP Đảo ngữ (P1) Trong tiếng Anh, một số trạng từ, cụm trạng từ phủ định phần lớn dùng với ngữ cảnh phủ định.Những trạng từ, cụm trạng từ nhấn mạnh cách đặt đầu câu hay mệnh đề theo sau đảo. .. dụng dạng đảo ngữ này, ngồi ta dùng động từ chuyển động như” climb, come, fly,go, hang, lie, run, sit, stand…  Thường dùng dạng đảo ngữ động từ khứ đơn giản  Trong trường hợp đảo ngữ này, không
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