Lepidoptera indica, Moore V6

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LEPIDOPTERA INDICA BY F MOOEE, D.SC, FELLOW OP THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, AND OP THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON CORRESPONDING MEMBER OP THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OP STETTIN, AND OP THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OP THE NETHERLANDS ASSOCIATE MEMBER OP THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, LONDON, AND OP THE ASIATIC SOCIETY ; ; OP BENGAL VOL VI RHOPALOCERA FAMILY PAPILIONID^ SUB-FAMILY PAPILIONIN-S! (CONTINUED) FAMILY PIBRID^ SUB-FAMILY PIERINiE LONDON LOVELL REEVE & CO., LIMITED, PUBLISHERS TO THE HOME, COLONIAL, AND INDIAN GOVERNMENTS, 6, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN" 1903—1905 DESCKIPTION OF PLATES Plate 480 Plate 467 Fig \, larva and pupa; la,h, Zetides Jason Plate 468 Fig andpupa larva 1, la, h, ; Zetides Axion cJi 1^> d, c, ^ le, , Fig 1, ?• Fig \, ? c, Zetides Chiron larva andpupa; la, Zetides Agamemnon Z), ^J, Ic, ? and pupa; larva 3, cJ 3a, ? Fig 1, (J, In, ? , ^, \c, 36 c?, Ic, ? 39 Meandrusa Evan {Dry- and pupa; lai'va la, ^ h, c, 12 ? .14 Plate 484 cJ, 16, 1(Y, ? Dabasa Gyas Fig and pupa; 1, Za/'ya Plate 473 (J, Ic, \a, h, Dalchina Cloanthus ? .16 la, ( Fig la, 1, ^, 16, andpupa; \h, c, Pathysa Alcibiades $ d, ^, 19 \h, ? Plate ? Sai'baria Polyctor {Dry- season fm'm) le, ^, Wet-season form) Plate 486 Plate 474 Fig 1, la, Zarya 49 Plate 485 Sarbaria Polyctor Fig l,/nrr« and pupa; 47 48 Fig 1, Dalchina Teredon ?• {Wet-season form) c?! If) 16, la, h, cj, Ic, ? 39 43 44 Papilio Sikkimensis Plate 483 472 Fig 1, 6, lo, 6, Papilio Asiatica Papilio Ladakensis (J season fortii) Dalchina Sarpedoii Plate g 2, Plate 471 1, \a, larva and pupa; Papilio Asiatica Fig 1, Plate 470, Fig ; Pazala Cashmirensis Plate 482 Fig 1, \a, (?, 16, 1, ? Plate 481 ? Plate 469 Fig and pup)a larva d, 52 487 Fig 1, (J, Irt, ? Sarbaria Ganesa 56 Plate 475 Fig 1, Iff, Pathysa Naiia 2i, ? Pathysa Epami c?- 2a, 2, c?, nondas 22 23 J'j Ic, I), ? Pathysa Anticrates 24 Fig 1, (^ Sarbaria Gladiator Plate 477 Fig 1, la, larva e, Sarbaria Significans 2, c? 57 57 Plate 489 Plate 476 Fig 1, la, Plate 488 Fig 1, ^ Sarbaria Triumphator ? andpupa; \h, c, Pathysa Nomius J', 2, (J 3, cJ Pangeranopsis Elephenor Pangeranopsis Doddsi 58 59 60 Id, 26 Plate 490 Fig 1, cJ Achillides Arcturus $ Achillides Krishna Plate 478 Fig 2, Fig 1, la, h, cj Pathy.sa Pernomius Deoris Agetes 2, 2a, (J, 26, ? 29 31 61 63 U, ? Achillides Paris 64 Plate 491 Fig 1, la, 6, (5', Plate 479 Fig 1, la, (J, 16, ? Pazala Glycerion Pazala Sikkima ? 2, 2a, (J, 26, 33 35 Plate 492 Fig 1, (S,la, ? Achillides Tamilana 65 DESCRIPTION OF PLATES VI Plate 510 Platk 493 Fig and pupa larva 1, In, ; Fig d, c?, If, h, Havimala Crino larva and pupa lu, ; c?,lc, &, Fig ? ? , •• •• la, c?> 1*) 1, rus Plate 496 Fig, la, 1, 6, Castor 26, 156 156 Plate 540 Fig ? and pupa; If", ; c? la, 1, c, h, (^ , Id, Anaphseis ?• 158 2a, c?, 26, Plate 528 Fig la, ^f,g,K Mesentina bana 6, Sanaca ? c, d, Ic, (?, Anaphseis Tapro- 16, ? c, Delias Ithiela 163 Plate Fig 6, ( c, c, ? ^ 169 la, (?, 16, c, 2,2a, c?>26, c, Delias Thvsbe ? ? Piccarda Hierte 195 Appias Hip Appias Zelmira c, Wet-season form) ld,e, ? Appias Wet-season form) ( 2a, 6, (J, cJ 3a, , ? b, 200 Appias Zelmira ? If, g, (J, {Intermediate form) 167 \c, d, , la, cj, 16, 1, 201 Libythea 203 Appias Libythea 205 Plate 543 Fig 1, 532 1, 16, {Dry-season form) larva and pupa; la, Delias Aglaia Hip- Plate 542 Plate 531 1, J', 2a, c?, 26, 3, Fig .194 Plate 530 S, ? ff, , 2, Fig 1, la, 1/, , 196 Appias Taprobana (Wet-season form) 198 Appias Latifasciata 199 3, 3a, (^ 36, $ 166 la, 1, 2, $,16, S,\c, 9,2cJ,2a, ? Delias Horsfieldii (J poides [Dry -season form) Delias ? e, Fig Fig (? Appias Hip- Plate 541 162 Plate 529 Fig 1,1a, ? c, Appias poides (Intermediate form) 1,'^, e, Fig 1, larva 16, (J, poides {Wet-season form) Plate 527 2, la, 1, 2, 171 178 la, S, 16, ?, Hnphina Coronis 2a, d, S,\e, ? Wet-season form) Huphina CoronisIc, ( (^,26, ? {Dry-season form) 207 209 Plate 544 Plate 533 Fig Fig 1, la, (?, 16, , 26, 2, 2a, rete ^ f, c, ? Piccarda Hierte Piccarda Meta? 178 la, cJ, 16, ? Huphina Copia {Wet-season form) 211 Huphina Copia {DryIc, d, (^,le, ? season form) 211 '2b, $ Huphina Lichenosa 212 2, 2a, 1^ 1, , 181 , Plate 534 Fig 1, larva ? and pupa ; la, ^, \c,\d, 6, Piccarda Eucharis Plate 545 ,175 Fig 1,1a, c?, 16, Huphina ? $ Huphina (Wet-season form) 2a, cj, Plate 535 26, Fig 1, la, (J, 16, tina Piccarda ? c, Agos- 2c, d, 181 2,2a, S- Piccarda Agoranis 2e, (J, ? Huphina (Dry -season form) Lea Nadina 213 214 Nadina 215 182 Plate 546 Plate 536 Fig 1, Fig la, c?, 16, combesi c, la, 1, 183 2a, 2, (? Huphina Anda- ? c?, 16, mana Des- Piccarda ? , ? 26, (Wet-season form) Plate 537 Fig 1, la, b, 2c, c, $, CleQianthe d, e, f, ? Prioneris 191 d,^,2e, ? Huphina 217 Kemba (Dry-season form) cJ, 36, ? Huphina Cingala 3, 3a, 217 Huphina Eemba 218 219 DESCRIPTION OF PLATES Vlll Plate 549 Plate 547 Fig ln,c, d, 1, ^, le, /, ? Hyposcritia Lalage [Wet-seasoti form) Fig lb, J , Hj'poscritia Lalage mediate form') c, d, e, 223 2, 2a, Lagela cJ, 2J, c, ? 226 227 Plate 550 ? Hyposcritia Lalage (Dry-season jorm) Fig Fig la, cJ, lb, 1, 1, • {Liter- Plate 548 Fig la, (J, 1?), c, ? Hyposcritia Indra (Wet-season form) le, f, (I, 'i, (?, If^, Hyposcritia ? \i\Ava (Dry -season form) Fig 222 1, la, cJ, li, c, ? Hyposcritia Narendra (Wet-season forin) 224 Id, 225 li7i Hyposcritia e, c?, l/> ?) 229 Hyposcritia 229 Narendra (Dri/ -season form) Hyposcritia Narendra '', J (?> 229 (Extreme-Dry form) ? LEPIDOPTEKA INDIGA PAPILIOXINiE Sub-family {continued) Genus ZETIDES Moore, L3p of Ceylon, Zdideit, Hlibnev, Verz bek Schmett- p 83 (1816) Allen's Nat Hist Butt p ii i p Hi Kiiby, (1881) 277 (1896) Papilio (part), Doubletlay and Hewitson Pafhi/sa (part), Eeakirt, Proc Ent Soc Philad Papilio (sect 27, subs^^ct c, d, e), Felder, Papilio (group 3G, pt et 37), —Male Imago one-third between the Verb Z B Ges Wien pp 305, 350 (1861) margin scalloped (and in abdominal margin folded over Sexes pp 429, 446 (189-5) Bodi/ woolly ; ; ; cell ; of cell broad, some costa arched, exterior margin long and broad; ; first subcostal branch second branch at to the costal, upper discocellulars slightly oblique, and short, \Yith a slightly produced hindward short blunt or slightly spatular when open displaying a antenna comparatively tail) ; ; longitudinal dense woolly short, club short and spatular alike Larva size, ii and anastomosed and end first Hiiidwing triangular, scent organ 503 (1861) Foreioing elongatedly triangular at one-sixth, before end of the cell exterior p Rothschild, Nov Zool concave in tbe middle, slightly sinuous longest iii — Smooth; anterior segments from the head to the and then gradually tapering to the end ; fifth increasing in a pair of short pointed spines on the second and anal segment, and a pair of short nodular spines on the fourth segment PoPA — Broad anteriorly; thorax with a dorsal forward-projecting frontal process Type — Z Eurypylus ZETIDES JASON (Plate 167, Papilio Jason, Linnasus, Syst Nat, ed Ulr p 210 (176-1) Soc Bengal, 1899, VOL VI p x fig 1, p larva a.nd 485 (1758) Esper, Ausl S.-.hmett pl 58, ; jmpa ; la, b, id ed xii p fig 5, S ^, Ic ?) 752 (1767); (1796) id 224 January 2ard, 1903 Mus Liul de Niccville, Journ As B LEPIDOPTERA INDICA Fapllio Eurypylus Jason, Rothschild, Nov Zool ii p 432 (1895) Fapilio Telephus, Felder, Verh Z B Ges Wien 1864, p 305; id Reise NoTara Lep Davidson and Aitken, Journ Bombay N H Soc 1896, Zetidec Tehphus, Moore, Lep Ceylon, i p 144, pi 63, fig 3, Pajn/io Doson, Felder, Verh Z B Ges Wien 1864, p 305 pi E, fig 2, 2a, ? 64 (1SG5) (1881) Davidson and Aitken, i p 145, pi 61, fig 3, ^ Papilio {Zetides) Dosmi, Hampson, Journ As Soc Berg 1888, —Male p I.e 1890, p 364, larva and pupa Zetides Boson, Moore, Lop of Ceylon, Imago i 578 p Upperside black (1881) p 364 Ferguson, ih 1891, p 446 Forewing with three pale emerald-green slender streaks crossing inner-lialf of the cell, the being brokenly continued first below base of tbe cell, followed by a lobate outwardly-oblique spot and then a smaller spot in triangiilar the outer half; beyond a transverse inner-discal is macular band composed of eight spots, the upper four small, the four lower larger and increasing in size, followed by a submarginal row of nine small quadrate spots, the upper second and third being placed opposite each other in the lower subcostal Hindioinr/ with a pale emerald-green transverse subbasal posteriorly- interspace decreasing band, the upper portion of which row is white, followed by a submarginal of six small spots, quadrate in shape except the upper third, which lunate is abdominal margin folded over, fringed with fine greyish-white hairs, the fold when opened exposing a whitish longitudinal broad streak bordering the submedian vein, and containing a dense of long ochreous hairs jDatch Cilia slenderly alternated with white between the veins, those between the upper median and sub-median being also slightly inwardly-edged by a white lunule, and at the anal angle by a Underside brown white spot tint, markings, as above, of a bright or dull nacreous ; the cell-streaks and submarginal spots being larger lower portions of the discal band bluish-tinted Forewing with the two Hindicing with a similar coloured slender basal band and a shorter inner subbasal band extending from the costa to and joining the upper angle of the cell-portion of the broad band, the dark interspace having a short crimson streak above the costal vein an apical cell-spot and a ; lower discal row of black spots outwardly bordered with crimson, extending to anal angle, the crimson colour also ascending partly up the inner edge of the sub-median vein band being slightly narrower on the hindwing and with a white longitudinal streak on abdominal palpi, Body greyish-black collar and front greyish-white streaked margin thorax, and abdomen beneath, lateral baud, and femora beneath greyish-white Female Upper and underside as in the male; the discal ; ; antennte black Expanse, 2f to Z^ inches L.^EVA " Smooth ; anterior segments from the head to — fifth increasing in size and then decreasing more gradually to the end; second and anal segment with a PAPILIONIN^ pair of sliort pointed spines, and also a dorsal pair of short bluut nodular spines — each by a black ring encircled at the base — on Colour the fourth segment generally black, or smoky, until the last moult, and then dull green, inclining to rusty-brown on the sides Pupa — " Broad ; some remain quite black anteriorly ; to the end." thorax with a dorsal forward-projecting frontal Colour normally green, but varies with that of the object to which " attached (Davidson and Aitken, I.e.) process Habitat — Ceylon ; end of the year is South India DiSTBiBUTiON, Habits, etc at the it — " Very abundant in the north in Ceylon, in July, August, and and eastern portions in the low country On November 16th, 1898, on the first day of the anniial flight, Dr N Manders noted nearly all the numei'ous was migrating in large numbers at Colombo specimens he captured were in more or less tattered condition though freshly emerged, showing that they had flown a considerable distance they probably came from the dry district of Hambantota on the south-eastern side of the island" (L de " The larva feeds on Ihiona Lawii and on Niceville, J As Soc Beng 1899, 224) Saccopetahim tomentositvi, Order Anonaceae " {id I.e 1900, 257) Mr F M Mack- that it ; ; wood obtained Capt it Wade found in it the " low country, and principally in the northern province common in Kandy, and Galle eastern province, in forest ground, in August sits in crowds on wet places ; Capt Hutchison took it in the Also on the Trincomali road It my net have covered forty or fifty at once with Very rare elsewhere" (Lep Ceylon, i pp 144', 145) In South India "this species may be found in the Kanara district of Bombay, wherever Paj:) Teredon occurs in this district, though it does not occur further north It is quite a thirsty creature, and usually contributes to the crowd that collects about moist ground in open places in the forest, but it is scarcely so numerous as Teredon, We have met with the three specimens of this butterfly in which green of the upperside was replaced by a pale straw yellow We found the larva of this butterfly at Karwar, in June and July, feeding on two trees of the Order Anonacese, along with the larva of Fap Nomius and Agamemnon Some remained in the pupa state for nearly two months At first sight the larva is very like that of P Agamemnon, but the second pair of spines is entirely wanting, and the third pair is reduced to mere knobs, encircled by a black ring the colour is generally black, or smoky, until the last moult, and then dull green, inclining to rusty-brown on the sides; but some of our specimens remained quite black to the end The pupa has the frontal process straight, but ; directed forward to which it is ; its colour attached; is normally green, but varies with that of the object one, attached to white cloth, was almost pure white" Davidson and E H Aitken, Journ Bombay N H Soc 1890, 364, id 1896, 578) The late Mr S N Ward obtained it in " Malabar and Kanara, above and below the (J B LEPIDOPTERA INBICA Gbats The larva Hampson elevation" records (J Also taken on tbe Nilgiris " (MS Xotes) bred as " rather rare on the Nilgiris, from it Mr H As Sic Bengal, 1888,364) common in Travancore; found only on (J Bombay N H Soc 1891, 446) the to 6,000 Ferguson says S from Hills 1,000 Mr G F 2,000 "not upwards" it feet feet is Of our illustrations on Plate 467, fig is from Mr "Ward's Malabar drawing the larva and pupa, and figs, la, b, c from Ceylon, male and female ZETIDES AXION (Plate iG^, Una uMpnpa; fig 1, le ? Mooro, P Z S ^ la, b, c, d, Fajnlio Axion, Felder, Yerh Z B Ges Wien 186-i, pp 305, 3o0 , of ) 1S78, p 697 Zetides Axion, Moore, P Z H 1882, p 2.57 Papilio (Zetides) Axion, Doberty, Journ As See Bengal, 1886, Pajnlio Ewrypylus Axion, Rotbscbild, Nov Zool 1902, p Frubstorfer, Berl Eat Zoit pp 433, 50-4 (1895) ii 204 Zetides Ewijpylus, Hiibner, Ent Soc Lond 1893, p Samml Exot Scbmett ]\rus E p 126 C I Wood-Mason, Journ As Soc Beng 107, fig p 113, pi 12, I (1880), p 238 Obertbur, Ec Ent xvii id J Tijd V Ent 1876, p 155 (1893) p ; id 1888, 347, p Staudmger, Ex Submett 66 (1865) p de Niceville, Sikkim Gaz p i Moore, P Z pi 8, fig 1-3, (1884) Papilio Doson, Rotbney, Ent Mo Mag 1882, Ann Nat Hist 1885, p id Iris p 396, de Niceville, 33 Honratb, Bjrl Ent Zeit 10, pi J tig ii p 25 (1892) As Soc Beng 1885, fig Weymer, 109 (1885) p 51 Holland, Tr Amer Eut Soc 1887, p 122 Hagon, Stett Ent Zeit 1885, Beil Ent Zeit 1892, p 155 ; 1894, p 28 Papilio (Zetideb) TeJephus, Elwes and de Niceville, J As Soc Beng 1886, Paidlio Jason, var Telephus, Staudinger, Iiis, p 120 Butler, Papilio Eurypylus Axion, aber Acheron, Rotbscbild, Nov Zool Pai-ilio ilecisle'is, Distant, Ebop ilalay p 361, fig IDS ib ii 18 -SS, 437 p 342 pp 434, 504 (1895) (18S'5) Papilio Eurypylus Acheron et Cheronus, Frubstorfer, Berl Ent Zeit 1902, —Male p 1889, p 16 Papilio Acheron, Moore, Ann Nat Hist 1885, Imago Piepers, p 342 Papilio Tdephn.", Distant, Ebop Malay, p 361, p 273 lana S 186;5, p 757 Snellen, Mid Sumatra, Papilio Jason, var Evemonides, Honratb, Berl Eiit Zeit 1884, Butler, Elwes, Tr Ent Eobbe, Ann Soc p 53 As Soc Beng 1895, p 525 Papilio Jason, Wallace, Tr Linn Soc xxv 1884, p 396 and pupa 10a, larva (1881), p 253 ib ; 10, fii; Papilio (Zetides) Eurypylus, Wood-'Mason, J As Soc Beng 1886, p 375 1894, p 174, Swinboe, Tr (1802 26) 1, Watson, Journ Bombay N H Soc 1891, Soc Lond 1888, p 435 Ent Belg 1892, pi ii 314 Papilio Eurijpylus, Moore, Catal Lep (1857) 136 p Upperside similar to Z Jason p 203-4 Foren-ing with the pale emerald- green cell-streaks and lower basal streak broader, the discal transverse macular baud composed of larger and longer posterior portions, and the submarginal spots Hindwing with the transverse band also broader, the subbasal short also larger wliite costal-streak of the underside being more or less apparent, or frequently well- PI 543 F C-Moore \ancenLBrool(5,Day&LSon.Lt^Iiop del etlitK L.Reeve &.C9LanAa3x PL5U F.C.Moore dsl, et lith Vinceni.Brool
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