A voyage to New South Wales, John White 1790

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J W ow reprinted with 65 oloured reproduced at enlarged scale lates J O U R N A L of a Voyage to new South Wales with Sixty-ive Plates of Non descript Animals, Birds, Lizards, Serpents, curious Cones of Trees and other N AT U R A L P RO D U C T I O N S By John White Esq re urgeon eneral to the ettlement LONDON, Printed for J Debrett, Piccadilly M D C C X C o HOMAS LSON, sq , A S the following Journal was undertaken at your Request, and its principal Obje to a ord you some Amusement during your Hours of Relaxation, I shall esteem myself happy if it answers that Purpose I hope that the Specimens of Natural History may tend to the Promotion of your favourite Science, and that, on this Account, it will not be unacceptable to you By the next Conveyance I trust I shall be enabled to make some Additions, that will not be unworthy the Attention of the Naturalists Let my present Communications, which the sudden sailing of the Ships from hence, and the Duties of my Department, have rendered less copious than I intended, at least serve to convince you of my Readiness at all Times to comply with your Wishes; and of the Respe and Esteem with which I am, , , S C , Port Jackson, New South Wales, November th,  JOHN WHITE A DV E R T I S E M E N T I T becomes the duty of the Editor, as much as it is his inclination, to return his public and grateful acknowledgments to the Gentlemen through whose abilities and liberal communications, in the province of Natural History, he has been enabled to surmount those di culties that necessarily attended the description of so great a variety of animals, presented for the irst time to the observation of the Naturalist, and consequently in the class of Non-descripts Among those Gentlemen he has the honour, particularly, to reckon the names of Dr Shaw; Dr Smith, the possessor of the celebrated Linnaean Colle ion; and John Hunter, Esq., who, to a sublime and inventive genius, happily unites a disinterested and generous zeal for the promotion of natural science e Public may rely, with the most perfe conidence, on the care and accuracy with which the drawings have been copied from nature, by Miss Stone, Mr Catton, Mr Nodder, and other artists; and the Editor latters himself the Engravings are all executed with equal corre ness, by, or under the immediate inspe ion of Mr Milton e Birds, c from which the drawings were taken are deposited in the Leverian Museum A L I S T OF S A U B S C A ’COURT, William Pierce Ashe, Esq M.P Addison, Edward, Esq Anderson, omas, Esq Anstruther, John, Esq M.P Allen, Joseph, Esq Arthur, Mr Adair, James, Esq B Burrell, Sir William, Bart Barnard, Mr Brisac, Mrs G Banks, Sir Joseph, Bart Budgen, John Smith, Esq Buck, George, Esq Brook, Mr Brook, Mr Richard Bolt, John, Esq R I B E R S Bunbury, Sir o Charles, Bart M.P Bonnor, Mr William Bowering, Mr Bosville, William, Esq Bradshaw, Augustus Cavendish, Esq Buckingham Book Club Bowyer, George, Esq Boldero, Charles, Esq Binstead, omas, Esq Blackmore, Mr Buckmaster, Joseph, Esq Barwell, Edward, Esq Barton, the Rev Mr Brown, Jackson, Esq Bateman, Lord Viscount Byrne, William, Esq Beckett, Mr Bookseller,  copies Barker, George Hollington, Esq Baldwin, Mr Bookseller,  copies Bew, Mr ditto,  ditto A D I A R Y Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c , V O Y A G E POR ACKSO N, NEW SO U H WALES   DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes MAY  Days Winds Weather Latitude in Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Barom Variation per Az and Am S E Clear { S E Clear Some small rain Variable Clear Strong breezes, at times rain E S E Cloudy Strong breezes S S.W Rain S.W Clear Little wind South Cloudy Much rain W N.W Foggy Light airs of wind W S.W Clear W by N Clear Fresh gales in the evening N N.W Clear Some rain in the evening N N.W Clear Strong gales, and high sea North Clear N E Cloudy N E Clear Saw some Gulf weed N E Cloudy Fresh gales, with a following sea N E Cloudy Ditto weather: no observation N E Clear Saw the Deserter Isles, also some turtle North Clear Mercury in the Sun ° ´ N ° ´ W ° ´ erm REMARKS Squally in the even- ing, and a high swell W   DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes JUNE  Days Winds Weather Latitude in S.W Clear Calm Clear S.W Clear S.W Clear S.W ° ´ N Long in ° ´ W Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob ° ´ erm Barom Variation per Az and Am W REMARKS Little wind: saw many small ish { Anchored in Santa Cruz Road, in the Island of Teneri e Still at anchor Still at anchor Cloudy Still at anchor South Clear Still at anchor S by E Clear Still at anchor S.W Cloudy Still at anchor S E Cloudy Still at anchor Variable Cloudy { Calm Clear Calm Clear Current setting us to the westward South Cloudy Sea luminous N E Cloudy N E Cloudy N E Cloudy A great number of lying-ish N E Cloudy Saw a strange sail N E Hazy Horizon line about two miles N E Hazy { E by N Hazy East Clear East Clear Lightning N E Cloudy { East Cloudy Ditto weather Variable Showery Strong current setting to the N.W Variable Clear Light airs Variable Calms Heavy rain, with thunder in the evening S.W Clear In the evening moderate breezes, S S.W Clear W S.W Clear Ditto weather in the evening We sailed; very little wind, an Iris round the Sun at equal distance Saw a lying-ish Passed the Islands of Sal, Bonavista, and Mayo: looked into Port Praya Heavy rain, lightning, and distant thunder DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes   JULY  Days Latitude in Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Winds Weather S S.W Cloudy South Clear S S E Cloudy S S E Cloudy S.W by S Cloudy S S.W erm Barom Variation per Az and Am REMARKS { Tacked Ship, and stood to the westward { Cloudy Fresh breezes: a swell from the S.E S by E Cloudy Caught a Boneta S by E Cloudy Fish round us in great numbers ° ´ N ° ´ W W Heavy rain: saw a gull, and many lying-ish A great variety of ish in chase of one another S E by S Clear Moderate weather, the sea very luminous S E by S Cloudy Caught an albacore, and several Bonetoes Sea luminous, with Dolphins; caught two S by E Hazy S E by S Hazy S E by E Cloudy E S E Cloudy N { E S E Clear S Saw a Noddy, and two Pintado birds East Clear East Clear E by N Clear E by S Clear East Clear E by S Clear E by S Cloudy Saw a Noddy E by N Rainy Heavy showers; saw two Grampuses E by S Cloudy Strong breezes, as the day before E S E Cloudy E by S Cloudy W { Pleasant weather; sea quite luminous with ditto Sea perfe ly luminous with ish; struck with a gig W W W W W Ditto weather Saw lying-ish with double ins E S E Showers Unsettled weather; swell from the eastward E S E Cloudy Fresh breezes East Clear N E by E Cloudy N E by E Clear E E Pleasant weather Looking for Trinidada Pleasant dry weather   DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes AUGUST  Days Latitude in Weather N E Clear N E Clear Variable Hazy Variable Hazy Variable Hazy Variable Clear Calm Clear Calm ° ´ Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Winds ° ´ erm Barom REMARKS Pleasant weather Saw the coast of Brazil In sight of Rio de Janeiro Sugar Loaf Saw many Whales and Porpoises Anchored out side of Rio bar Anchored in Rio de Janeiro Harbour Dark { Rain At anchor in Rio de Janeiro Harbour Cloudy Calm Clear Calm Clear “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ Variable Rain “ “ “ Variable Dark “ “ “ Variable Dark “ “ “ Variable Cloudy Variable Clear { “ “ “ Calm Clear At anchor in Rio de Janeiro Harbour Calm Hazy “ “ “ Variable Hazy “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ Variable Clear “ “ “ Variable Cloudy “ “ “ Variable Clear “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ Variable Clear “ “ “ Calm Clear “ “ “ S W Variation per Az and Am A visit of ceremony by all the O cers paid the Vice-King “ “ “ “ “ “ Prince of Brazils birth-day; paid compliments to the Vice-King DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes   SEPTEMBER  Days Winds Weather Latitude in Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Calm Clear Calm Cloudy Calm Dark Variable Clear Sailed for the Cape of Good Hope Variable Cloudy Rio Sugar Loaf in sight N E Cloudy N N E Dark At night heavy rain S by E Cloudy Showery at times S E Clear Fine dry weather S S E Clear E N E Cloudy Strong breezes, with squalls E N E Rainy Ditto weather, with heavy rain N by E Rainy Ditto weather S by E Dark Light airs South Cloudy Caught a Shark N by E Cloudy Damp moist air E by N Cloudy Damp moist air N N E Dark South Cloudy S E by S Cloudy S E Clear N E ° ´ S ° ´ W erm Barom Variation per Az and Am REMARKS { All the O cers took leave of the Vice-King Still in Rio harbour “ “ “ W E { A convi lost overboard Rain Saw several Albatrosses and Pintado Birds { Cloudy Cold dry weather N N E Dark Strong squalls S S.W Cloudy Cold weather; high sea W by N Squally { West Clear Many birds about the ship West Cloudy W N.W Cloudy Unsettled weather S S E Squally Cold, wet, unpleasant weather Variable Clear S W Albatrosses and Pintado Bird about the ship Strong gales, with some hail, and a high sea W W Inclinable to calm   DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes OCTOBER  Days Winds Weather N N.W Dark N.W Clear Latitude in ° ´ S Long in ° ´ E Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob erm Barom E E Variation per Az and Am REMARKS { Pleasant weather Saw a great many birds of di erent kinds N E Cloudy N by W Foggy W Light air, and small rain Moderate weather some rain Foggy Cloudy, damp weather E by N Clear Light air, and pleasant weather N E Dark N.W Clear W by N Clear W by N Clear West Cloudy South Cloudy W S.W Hazy { At anchor At anchor At anchor “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ E W Damp, moderate weather S E Air damp, although clear W Flocks of Oceanic Birds W Flying clouds; many birds about Saw some Peterels W A swell from the S.E Anchored in Table Bay Cape of Good Hope { { At anchor: my living on shore for the recovery of my health prevented me from illing up this blank “ “ “ Still at anchor at the Cape of Good Hope   DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes NOVEMBER  Days Winds Weather Latitude in Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Barom Variation per Az and Am “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ S by E Clear S by E Clear S by W Clear Variable erm REMARKS { Still at anchor at the Cape of Good Hope { Sailed from the Cape of Good Hope Hazy { A dysentery made its appearance South Squally Rain South Cloudy Variable Hazy Calm Hazy N N E Clear N N.W Clear West Cloudy S S.W Cloudy Variable Cloudy S.W Clear E S E Clear E N E Hazy W S.W Hazy Variable Clear ° ´ S ° ´ E ° ´ E W Inclinable to calm Saw some Whales { Saw a great number of birds Heavy rain with squalls { Prince of Wales lost a Sailor overboard Strong gales, with drizzling rain Moderate weather; damp air W Heavy rain   DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes DECEMBER  Days Latitude in W S.W Clear S.W by W Clear North Clear N N.W Cloudy Calm Hazy N.W by W Clear W N.W Clear West Clear N N E Rain W S.W Clear West Cloudy N N E Clear W S.W Hazy S.W Clear Moderate, light winds N N.W Clear Saw some large Whales W N.W Clear { N N.W Dark S by W Cloudy Variable Dark Variable Cloudy S.W Dark ´ S ° ´ E erm Barom Variation per Az and Am Weather ° Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Winds REMARKS W Moderate, pleasant weather Saw many birds Strong gales; wet, unpleasant weather, and high sea A great swell in the evening; wind at E N E Moderate breezes Squally at times, with small rain Saw a Seal, some rock weed And many birds of the Peterel kind Cold weather; saw some Whales { Rain, Saw some sea-weed Fresh breezes, with small rain Hazy W by N Cloudy N.W by N Hazy W S.W Clear W N.W Hazy W N.W Hazy N.W Hazy W S.W Clear N N.W Cloudy Cold, moderate weather Hazy Saw some Gulls in the evening W N.W E { { W by N S { Drizzling rain Saw more sea-weed Saw several Albatrosses and Gulls Moderate weather; many birds about the ship High following sea Cold weather e scurvy broke out on board the Prince of Wales Some Whales about the ship { Dark gloomy weather, with rain and squalls DIARY of the Winds, Weather, Temperature of the Air, &c with the di erent Latitudes and Longitudes   JANUARY  Days Latitude in Variation per Az and Am N by W Clear W N.W Cloudy W N.W Rain W N.W Cloudy N.W Clear West Cloudy Some squalls, with rain N N.W Cloudy Saw the SW Cape of New Holland Variable Variable ´ S ° ´ E erm Barom Weather ° Long in Longitude per Time-keeper, and Lunar Ob Winds { { Heavy gales, with sud-den squalls; at night the wind N by E Unpleasant, unsettled weather; many birds about the ship Saw some Seals, and many Albatrosses W REMARKS { Some Mother Carey’s chickens about the ship E Cold weather; passed some sea-weed Squally { Variable Dark Strong, sudden squalls Variable Cloudy Squally, Bird and Seals about the Ship S S.W Clear Whales and birds about the ship Variable Hazy W S.W Hazy Variable Dark North Hazy Variable Clear S S E Cloudy Variable Cloudy Clear Clear Warm moist air E Dark, damp weather, with thunder and lightning Ditto weather, with strong breezes { E E Ditto weather; at night thunder and lightning Inclinable to calm { { Pleasant weather Saw the land over Red Point In the morning saw the land near Botany Bay Anchored in Botany Bay is day I had the misfortune to break the only thermometer I had left of six, and my barometer, on taking them on shore, to determine the di erence between it and the air on board a ship BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND P U B L I S H I N G N O T E S ... Pungent Chætodon and Granulated Balistes Sarah Stone Muricated Lizard, Variety Sarah Stone Superb Warblers Sarah Stone Motacilla Sarah Stone ... Tabuan Parrot, Male Sarah Stone Do Female Sarah Stone Pennantian Parrot, Male Sarah Stone Do Female Sarah Stone ... restoration of a valetudinarian; as, by going into the mountains, he may graduate the air, and chuse that state of it which best suits his complaint But although the inhabitants are thus healthy,
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