English botany coloured figures V2, Sowerby 1864

580 4 0
  • Loading ...
1/580 trang
Tải xuống

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 23/11/2018, 23:45

ENGLISH BOTANY; OR, COLOURED FIGURES BRITISH PLANTS EDITED BY JOHN T BOSWELL SYME, F.L.S etc LECTURER ON BOTANY AT WESTMINSTER HOSPITAL THE POPULAR PORTION BY MRS LANKESTER, ACTHOB OF "wild FLOWEBS WORTH HOTICE,'" "THE BBITISH FEBXS," K.TC THE FIGURES BY J SOWERBY, F.L.S., J De C SOWERBY, F.L.S., J W SALTER, A.L.S., F.G.S JOHN EDWARD SOWERBY, ILLUSTRATOR OF THE ''FERNS OP GREAT BRITAIN," "GRASSES OF GREAT BRITAIN," "WILD FLOWERS WORTH NOTICE," ETC ETC ENLARGED, RE-ARKANGED ACCORDING TO THE NATURAL ORDERS, AND ENTIRELY REVISED WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF ALL THE SPECIES BY THE EDITOR VOLUME II BESEDACE^^ TO SAPINDACE^ LONDON: EGBERT HARDWICKE, 192, PICCADILLY 1864 QKBOG V 2- cox AXD ORlE.VrAl, CLASSICAL, LAW, 1VVMA>', AND GENERAL PRINTERS, GREAT QL'EEN STREET, W.C ENGLISH BOTANY ORDER VI.— RESEDACEiS Annual or perennial herbs, or nnderslirubs Leaves alternate, undivided, tripartite or pinnatifid, -with a small tooth, probably a Plowers irregular, bracteate, Avliite or yellowish, Calyx usually persistent, generally 6-partite, but varying from 4- to 8-partite ; segments more or less unequally imbricated Corolla with the petals generally equal in number to the segments of the calyx, the upper ones usually the largest, palmatipartite, the lower ones often simple claw, especially in the upper petals, generally dilated, and having an infiexed scale-like appendage in front of the limlx Disk glandular, hypogynous, peltate or urceolate, generally most developed on the side next the axis of the inflorescence Stamens to 40, with the stipule, at the base in terminal racemes or spikes ; filaments Anthers united together at the base or free, often 2-celled, introrse, protruding in the bud stipitate, of to Ovary decliuate sessile or carpels free or united together, in the latter case forming a syncarpous ovary with parietal placenta3 Ovules genenumerous, amphitropous or campylotropous Pruit generally a dry leathery capsule, frequently open at the top, or consisting of several dehiscent follicles Seeds generally numerous, kidneyshaped, exalbuminous Embryo cylindrical, curved, with incumbent cotyledons rally GENUS I.—R E S E D A Lbm Calyx persistent or deciduous, usually 6-partite, but varying from 4- to 8-partite Petals unequal, divided into from to many segments, the lower ones frequently simple and linear or rudi- Disk shortly urceolate, with the margin turned over VOL II B mentary at ; ENGLISH BOTANY a the apex, especially on tlie side next the inserted within the opening of the disk or united into ripe) at the apex, Stamens 10 to 40, axis Carpels sessile or stipitate, a 1-celled capsule open (before the seeds are where there are as many teeth or lobes as there Seeds numerous, kidney-shaped or obovate Erect or decumbent herbs, generally glabrous, with small race- are carjoels mose flowers having a The name single bract at the base of their pedicels of this genus of plants comes from the Latin quiet; from the notion that some of the SPECIES I.— species had this effect word resedo, I appease, I when medicinally applied RESEDA LUTE A Linii Plate CLXII J?eick Ic FI Germ, et Helv Vol II Tetr Tab C Fig 4-146 Stem with many ascending flexuous branches (rarely nearly simple and erect) Leaves entire at the base, divided about the middle into narrow entire or pinnatifid lobes Flowers in rather short and dense conical racemes Pedicels spreading, longer than the divisions of the calyx, which are in number, and scarcely enlarge after flowering Petals 6, with roundish claws, the two upper ones 3-cleft, the two lateral ones 2-cleft or rarely 3-cleft, the two lower linear-entire Capsule oblong-ovoid, narrowed below, 3-sided, papillose, with teeth at the summit Waste places Common in England, particularly on calcareous soils Hare in Scotland, where it appears to be confined to the east coast, and not extending north of Eorfarshire as a true native England, Scotland, Ireland Biennial or Perennial Summer Root a long tapering tap-root Central stem erect, 15 to 30 with raised lines, generally diffusely branched lateral stems and branches arched at the base and ascending Padical leaves in a rosette, soon decaying stem leaves very numerous all very variable in their mode of division, but commonly I'esembling a narrow strap-shaped leaf with lobes of about the same breadth proceeding from about half way between the base and the apex, diverging at an acute angle from the main portion of the lamina, which they scarcely equal in length from these lobes other smaller ones ai'e frequently given off in an irregular manner, and all the lobes are undulated or rather crimped at the mai'gins Racemes shortly stalked, compact while in flower, lax in fruit pedicels papillose, erect in fruit Flowers pale sulphuryellow, about J inch across Calyx segments linear-strapshaped, the upper ones smaller than the others Upper pair of petals with inclies high, solid, ; ; ; ; ClAll E.B 321 Reseda lutea Wild Miaiionuette riLXiii K B S 2628 Reseda suth'UticulnsM li|iriu;lit MiiTiKMinftti' ; o BESEDACEJ-: the claw enlarged so as to form a projecting lobe on each side of the lamina, which is divided into three portions the central one linear, not above half the length of the lateral divisions, which are somewhat half-mooushaped, with the convex margin outwards lateral pair of petals resembling the upper pair, but with the lower half-moon of the lamina often suppressed; lower pair of petals with the claw shorter than the others, and the lamina resembling the small central portion of that of the upper pair Disk urceolate, produced into a ring-like plate at the top, which is much more developed on the side next the axis, where it forms a scale clothed with long slender white papillae Stamens 12 to 20, more or less bent down, longer than the petals Stigmas (rarely 4), sessile Capsule shortly stipitate, i to f inch long, leathery, with the surface bossulated, opening at the apex long before the seeds are ripe, and having projecting teeth round the margin of the opening Seeds obovate, or rather ear - shaped, slightly compressed, black and shining Whole plant lively green, glabrous (with the exception of : small papillse on the stem) Wild Mignonnette, Yellow Mignonnette, Base Rocket French, Resida Jaune, Reseda Sauvage Ray and Haller remark German, Gelher Wau that tbis plant Las an oleraceous taste resembling that of a cabbage SPECIES II.— RESEDA SUPPRUTICULOSA Plate CLXIII R undata, "Linn.;" R Germ, alba, "Linn.;" and R ,£,^l,j:.^ sufFriiticulosa, ^' Linn." Lhm _ /i,C,.' Reich Ic Fl et Helv Vol II Telr Tab CI Figs 4447, 4448, 4449 R suffruticulosa et alba, Linn Sp PI p 64.5 Stems often several from the same rootstock, sub-simple or with erect branches Leaves pinnatipartite, with numerous narrow Flowers in rather elongate and dense cylindricalentire lobes Pedicels ascending, about equal to the segments conical racemes of the calyx which are (rarely 6) in number, and scarcely enlarge Petals generally 5, with short roundish claws, all after flowering and nearly alike Stigmas 4, rarely Capsule oblong-urceolate, narrowed below, 4-sided with acute angles, and with teeth at the summit Waste sandy places and rubbish heaps Pare It cannot be considered indigenous, but appears to be naturalized in a few places as near Weston-super-Mare, in Somersetshire Bootle, near Liverpool and between Marazion and Penzance, Cornwall wedge-shaped, 3-cleft, : ; ; [England, Scotland, Ireland] Biennial or Perennial Summer ; ENGLISH BOTANY Root a long tapering tap-root, often surmounted by a woody rootstock Stems often somewhat woody at the base, ereet, 18 to 30 inches high, hollow with raised lines Leaves with to pairs of pinnse, which are undulated at the margins Flowering racemes rather longer than in R lutea Flowers dirty-white, about f inch across Petals with the claws very short and roundish, a little wider than the lamina, which is narrowly wedge-shaped and 3-cleft the central division as long as the lateral ones, but not quite so broad Disk short, funnel-shaped, with a narrow pulverulent margin turned over towards the side of the flower next the axis Stamens 11 to 14, not all bent down, shorter than the petals Stigmas usually 4, on short styles (or rather pi'olongations of tlie apices of the carpels), which are bent outwards Capsule very shortly stipitate, contracted at the apex, about ^ inch long, leathery, slightly bossulated, opening at the apex long before the seeds are ripe, and having projecting teeth round the margin of the opening Seeds rcniform, somewhat compressed, dark brown or yellowish, opaque and finely rougliened with concentric rows of small raised points Whole jilant glaucous-green, glabrous R alba, Linn, (from his description) appears to be merely R suffruticulosa with the calyx G-partite and the petals in number "hll undata of Reichenbach appears to 1)e R suffruticulosa with stigmas instead of but R- undata of Linua,'us is probably dis/tinct, as he describes it as a small plant about foot high, with the lower leaves having the alternate segments smaller, the pistils from to 5, and the capsules the largest of the genus ; ', AND GENERAL PRINTERS, GREAT QL'EEN STREET, W.C ENGLISH BOTANY ORDER VI.— RESEDACEiS Annual or perennial herbs, or nnderslirubs Leaves alternate, undivided,... and linear or rudi- Disk shortly urceolate, with the margin turned over VOL II B mentary at ; ENGLISH BOTANY a the apex, especially on tlie side next the inserted within the opening of the disk... Cornwall wedge-shaped, 3-cleft, : ; ; [England, Scotland, Ireland] Biennial or Perennial Summer ; ENGLISH BOTANY Root a long tapering tap-root, often surmounted by a woody rootstock Stems often somewhat
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: English botany coloured figures V2, Sowerby 1864, English botany coloured figures V2, Sowerby 1864

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn

Nhận lời giải ngay chưa đến 10 phút Đăng bài tập ngay