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} t?L A/ 6C>/£ BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA IN SECT A LEPIDOPTERA-RHOPALOCERA Vol I (TEXT.) BY FREDERICK DUCANE GODMAN, D.C.L., F.R.S., AND OSBERT SALVIN, M.A., F.R.S., &c 1979 1879-1901 OBRMNtS &c, / CONTENTS OF VOL I Page v Introduction XXX1 List of Plates xlvl Errata et Corrigenda NymphalidjE Danain^e Panama " «o Ithomiina _ Satyrin^e MoRPHINiE Arit.); Panama, Veraguas^r^ ), Chiriqui (Ribbe ) Our type of this species — Colombia was sent us from Veraguas by our collector Arce, and we have since received two others from Western Colombia ; it has no very near allies, but the silky spot on the disc of the primaries suggests the relationship with T aureocincta 48 THEOPE Wings grey b" beneath Theope thootes Theope thootes, Hew Exot Butt,, Theope, Anticis nigricantibus, cellula et infra earn ad ff 9, 10 Bates, Journ Linn Soc Zool ; ix p 454 marginem fuscescentibus $ mari similis internum, postieisque omnino, late cseruleis, subtus paullo saturationbus sed colore anticarum cyaneo magis extenso et extras bifurcato, subtus anticis Hab Nicaragua, Chontales {Belt).— Amazons valley 12 series from a single male specimen from Nicaragua which agrees with our the secondaries is of angle anal The thootes T true the of country the the Amazons, We have These characters separate T thootes rounded, and there are no spots in this region with it confounded long have we species a from T theutis, b Wings beneath with with a spots near the anal angle of secondaries, or crossed common dark c' Theope band Secondaries beneath with spots near the anal angle (T thootes, Tab thelitis, sp nov XLVI figg 16, magis producto T ihooti similis sed alis subtus paullo saturatioribus, posticis angulo anali que minutis interdum fere obsoletis notato Hab Guatemala, Polochic valley (Hague) We have a single female specimen At two females from Nicaragua Nicaragua, Chontales ; IT *.) baud rotundato maculis- (Belt) of this species from Guatemala, and a male and may readily be mistaken for T thootes, first sight but the points given above fairly distinguish it it (Tab XLVII figg 23, folia, sp n cmereosinuosa, colore cyaneo magis nitente; subtus Precedent! similis, sed anticis magis acutis, costa magis 24.) Theope fuscis, nobis extus pallidioribus ignota Hab Panama, Peiia Blanca (Champion) There is a specimen in the British Museum, name of the collector has not been recorded Mr Champion during his recent journey Theope herta, s P Alis fuscis ad basin n coulee atomatis ; (Tab xlvii said to be from Rio Janeiro, but the is the only one captured by Our type figg 25, 26.) angulum posticarum analem subtus sericeo-murinis, maculis parvis ad Hab Panama, Bugaba (Champion) This species * Tbese of the rests upon a figures are erroneously same insect, a female of T single example obtained by Mr Champion marked on tbe Plate as 16 , 17 $ ; It has no near they refer to the upper and under side theutis q EHOPALOCEEA 484 allies we that are acquainted with, and is distinguished by its dark colour with a few blue scales towards the base of the wings 10 Hesperia Theope Theope virgilius virgilius, "Pabr XLVI (Tab Ent Syst iii Journ Linn Soc Zool virgilius, Bates, figg 7, 8.) 323 \ p 455 ix p omnino Alis nigris, dimidio basali prseter costam et posticis caeruleis ; subtus flavo-fuscis ocellis quibusdam ad angulum posticarum analem mari similis sed colore cseruleo pallidiore et macula ejusdem coloris ad angulum anticarum apicalem Guatemala, San Geronimo (Hague, Champion), Honduras (Dyson) Nicaragua Chontales (Belt, Janson) Panama, Volcan de Chiriqui, Bugaba (Champion), Calobre (Arce), Lion Hill (M'Leannan) Colombia Ecuador Venezuela Hah British Honduras, Corosal (Boe) Tocoy (Champion) ; T virgilius from all 11 ; ; ; ; , — ; by is points in far the its commonest Theope cratylus, We have species of this genus range given above, these are sp nov (Tab all fairly XLVI many specimens constant in their coloration fig 9.) T virgilio affinis sed colore caeruleo anticarum magis extenso et extus magis curvato, et anticis magis acutis Hah Panama, David (Champion) This species It is is described from a single undoubtedly closely allied to T upper surface of the primaries serves d' c" 12 Theope publius at the (Tab Theope publius, Feld Wien ent Mon T virgilio fascia quoque affinis communi but the distribution of the blue on the to distinguish Wings beneath with A brand male specimen taken by Mr Champion virgilius, a common end of the XLVII v p 98 ; it cell dark band of the primaries figg 19, 20.) Bates, Journ Linn Soc Zool ix p 455 sed anticis plaga ultracellulari sericea et ultra earn macula indistincta caerulea fusca a costa anticarum ad ; subtus angulum posticarum analem transeunte Hal Panama, Bugaba (Champion, Trotsch) —Venezuela This species was described by Dr Felder from Venezuelan specimens, which formed part of the late Dr Kaden's collection, and which are now before us With these examples from Chiriqui closely agree, except that they are brighter and in fresher condition The band at the end of the cell of the primaries distinguishes this several species, this is in a similar position, TheclaB of Tropical America Low and mimics a character very common among the forest-region west of Bugaba (Champion) 485 THEOPE.— ISAPIS d" 13 Theope No Theope basilea basilea, Bates, Ent cell of the primaries brand at the end of the (Tab xlvi Monthl Mag T virgilio similis, sed posticis ad iii p figg 22, 155 23 s , 24, 25 $ ) Journ Linn Soc Zool ; angulum analem multo magis productis subtus ; ix p 455 \ saturatius rufescentioribus, fascia posticarum transeunte, macula obscura comnmni ab angulo anticarum apicali ad medium marginis interni costse albidis, ocelli s binis ad in medio cellularum, altera ad finem earum et una ad medium posticarum angulum analem tnari similis sed anticis macula subapicali cserulea Hal Nicaeagua, Chontales( Janson); Panama ,Ca\obie (Arce), Lion Hill (M'Leaman) —Colombia It was described from a female T basilea is the largest member of the genus specimen sent us by M'Leannan from the Isthmus of Panama To these we have added three males, one from each of the localities mentioned above c 14 Wings beneath brown, Theope decorata (Tab Theope decorata, Godm and Salv P Z the base of the primaries yellow XLVI S 1878, figg 18, 19.) 369 \ p interno angulum analem prope et ad basin sparsim Anticis et posticarum marginibus nigris, macula in margine fuscis, apicibus dilutioribus, dimidio basali atomatis, et area posticarum interna cyanea ; subtus obscure fascia arcuata costam partim occupante ad apicem curvata, costse anticarum et posticis ad basin ocbraceis, certa luce purpurescenti-caerulea Eab Nicaeagua, Chontales {Belt ) containing T.janus and T discus T decorata belongs to a small section of the genus some of them, as in the of Bates, the wings of which have a blue blush beneath, and description is based Our wings both or one of base the at present case, being yellow upon a single specimen which formed part of Belt's Chontales collection only C Subcostal nervure of primaries with two branches ISAPIS Isapis, Westwood, Gen Dmrn Lep p 465 (1851) two variable species, or when our This genus either consists of one or perhaps is more complete it may be found capable of further subdivision It materials are found throughout Tropical America from Guatemala The subcostal nervure of the primaries in the cell and one beyond end of the cell, it, L to Brazil agyrtus emits one branch at the end of the upper radial meets the subcostal some way beyond the is short but perfect, it meets the subcostal the middle discocellular nearly at a right angle, the lower discocellular is curved and atrophied in the middle ; EHOPALOCEEA 486 and meets the median just beyond the second branch, the the cell are very nearly equal The costal and median discocellular meets the subcostal at an obtuse angle, the lower discocellular its branch the costal side of the cell ; front legs of the the femur slender atrophied is upper end, and meets the median at an acute angle beyond the second towards The sides of secondaries have a strong basal nervure, the upper
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