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^^3 ILLUSTRATIONS OP NEW SPECIES OP EXOTIC BUTTERFLIES WILLIAM C HBWITSON lit SELECTED CHIEFLY FEOM HIS VOL OWN COLLECTION V JOHN VAN VOORST, LONDON 1872—1876 LONDON : PRINTED BY WOODFALL AND KINDER, MILFORD LANE, STRAND, W.O PREFACE It is with not however unmixed with satisfaction, regret, work which has been close of a With me to and regret that age tliat I come to the a twenty-five years' labour of love me failing health forbid to commence another volume With satisfaction when remember the great kindness which I have I experienced personally from aU lepidopterists during favourable reception its progress, and the very has met with from aE, and especially from those whose it position as naturalists gives value to their opinions I have many times during the progress of the book expressed my grati- tude for the kindness and liberality which I have met with from Dr Boisduval, me not only in giving free access to his collections, his absence to select from my me during them and bring home with me aU that I wished To treasures Mr Wilson Saunders, especially to should myself experience in being parted figure, feeling, as I do, the difiiculty I from any of but in allowing generous encouragement met with from the commencement, the work owes much of at its its success I am atone for them fully them as It has many aware of and regret much as possible my always been As one entomology, of illustrating by figures —of Godart and Thecla — are not of the date as —not my all if my when they slightest use unnamed in my I am much work is to be of my any use to more recent refer to nearly allied species such sorry to say that several species of now find it desirable to describe and they are chiefly last contribution to the science which collection, obscure Hesperida?, I hope to figure as IVIy to the have been the species I have myself described, describing are not yet figured, and that I I have so made of the old authors only, but of those of others, especially others which remain attained.- its plates I have always seen the necessity, seeing that descriptions utmost wishes have been progress nearly two hundred species its added to the genus Ithomia on my additions which have been instance of the great diurnal Lepidoptera, during but have endeavoured to study to make the work useful rather than If I have succeeded in both, attractive errors, by myself pointing them out and correcting but all these, loved estimation of generic distinction has been considerably modified since PREFACE I gave it was not as ray ojiinion that it desirable to separate Pyrrliopyga from I would be very glad now Erycides because of the difference of their antennae between other groups of the Hesperidse to discover such a distinction The diurnal Lepidoptera have plague of old and new of late years been visited generic names On few years ago, any one might comprehend going through a its by an intolerable list of butterflies contents at a glance, now a it is necessary to go to a dictionary to interpret them Before bidding farewell to into most agreeable must express my contact, thanks to Mr Charles Standish Is/, my 1877 those with whom the work has brought generous publisher, Mr J for his careful Oatlands, January all and some of these have become valued Van me friends, I Voorst, and to and conscientious colouring of the plates ANTER05 '^ w V / ^^ v^ // ^10 ^v^ W:C Hewilson dei * !iLh July "i?t Mi-N Harihart 1867 ANTEROS AXIOCHUS ANTEROS CARAUSIUS ANTEROS ALLECTUS 1.2 10 11 12 ANTEROS CHRYSOPRASTA ANTEROS OTHO ANTEROS BRACTEATA, imp E R Y C N D E ANTEROS ANTEROS AXIOCHUS 1, Upperside Male, dark grey-brown Underside Anterior wing with the costal margin broadly brown, with a spot near its base, a spot near band near it middle and the apex, yellow its dark brown the inner half of the : dark rufous-brown irrorated with yellow : the outer margin and a : wing grey-brown Posterior a spot of yellow at the anal angle before the middle bordered inwardly with silver-lUac, and a : a wing band band near the outer margin bordered on both sides with the same colour, dark brown Exp ] Hab 2^ inch In the Collection of W Brazil C Hewitson ANTEROS CARAUSIUS Anteros Westwood Caraiisius, in 3, Boubleday and Hewitson Upperside, dark brown, grey s Gen Diur Lep at the base of both wings a transparent white spot before the middle, and below it P 428 Anterior wing with a smaller indistinct pale spot Underside Both wings rufous-brown at the base, succeeded by a band of and by a broad band of rufous-brown spotted with sUver and blue silver a subniarginal band of rufous-brown both sides with bordered on ; both with silver blue Anterior wing with the costal margin orange, a spot at the middle and a large space beyond it (marked by a silver line) Posterior wing irrorated and rufous-brown spotted with rufous-brown Exp 1-^ inch In the Collections of Hab Mexico W W Saunders and W C Hevfitson ANTEROS ALLECTUS 5, Anteros Allectus, Westwood in Gen Diur Lep Upperside dark brown P 428 Female, dark brown, with the fringe pale yellow, intersected with Anterior wing with a central spot of white yellow intersected with brown near its : the costal margin pale apex Underside, pale yellow with the centre of both wings orange spot at the base and a marginal row of spots, brown : both with a Anterior wing with a band ANTEROS ERTCINIDiE near the base, a band at the middle, and two spots towards the outer margin, dark Posterior wing with four spots, also decked with rufous-brown marked with gold gold Exp 1^0 inch Hab Amazon In the Collections of W W Saunders and "W C Hewitson ANTEROS CHRYSOPRASTA Anteros Chrysoprasta Bates Both wings tinted with yellow Underside, white several small spots Exp Hab Amazon W In the Collection of H Anteros Bates large dark OtJio, 10 9, Westioood Gen Diur Lep wing with the P 42b Anterior wing crossed by a broad pale Eemale, dark brown Posterior Underside, both with : (Para) ANTEROS OTHO yellow band middle in the and a submarginal band of gold inch Upperside MS Anterior wing with a central white spot Male, dark brown Upperside 7, margin white costal Both wings with a spot near the base pale yellow brown spot beyond the middle decorated with gold : : both with a both with a sub- marginal band of gold spots indistinctly marked on the anterior wing Exp 1-2% inch In the Collections of Ilab W W Amazon (Para) Saunders and H W Bates ANTEROS BRACTEATA Male, dark blue, with the margins brown Upperside Underside, orange-yellow marginal band 11,12 all Both wings with several crimson spots Anterior wing with decorated with gold its and a sub- inner margin grey- brown Female much larger Exp (fig 11) Upperside uniform rufous-brown: the spots of the underside and more beautiful than 1-2% iiich Hab Amazon In the Collections of H W Bates and I cannot believe that either Achseus of in the male (Ega) W C Hewitson Cramer or Ampyx species beyond a general resemblance on the underside upperside, whilst the female which I have figured to be that of a male, althougii he describes it is They of Drurj can have any relation to this are both females, and are spotted on the of an uniform brown also as having spots Donovan's figure appears on the upperside D5\ ERYCINA W.CJIewitson «c NECYRIA MAK lioiiiiartjiHip del, et.lith ERYCINA FORMOSISSIMA ERYCINA PULCHRA ERYCINA FORMOSA NE CYRIA BELTIANA NE CYRIA JUTURNA 1.2 :/ , HESPERID.E CYCLOPIDES CYCLOPIDES CARMIDES Cydopides Carmides Ilewitson Descriptions of Hesperidce, p A\ Upperside dark brown with rufous hair at the base, the fringe rufous Anterior wing tinted with piu'ple towards the outer margin three central transparent spots Posterior wing with an orange spot before and a baud of three spots of the sauie : colour after the middle Underside red-brown Anterior wing as above except that part of the inner margin is pale yellow Posterior wing with a large central silver spot Exp 1^^ inch Hab Madagascar In the Collection of W C Hewitson CYCLOPIDES CAPENAS Cydopides Capenas Hewitson 3, Desc of Hesperidce, p 43 Upperside rufous-brown Anterior wing with four large spots and the nervures towards the outer margin orange-yellow Posterior wing with three orange-yellow spots, two of which are bifid Underside Anterior wing as above except that the costal margin and a line before the fringe are yellow Posterior wing yellow with many black spots Exp \-^ inch Hab Zambesi In the Collection of W C Hewitson CYCLOPIDES CAICUS Cydopides Caicics Hewitson 4, Desc of Hesperidce, p 40 Male dark brown Anterior wing with seven white spots six of which Posterior wing with one large central glossy pale yellow spot Underside Anterior wing as above, except that the costal and outer margins are rufous the apex marked by two pale rufous spots and that the two lowest white spots are united in one Posterior wing rufous, the central spot as above, two large ochreous spots near the costal margin and two smaller spots near the anal angle Exp 1-j-j inch Hab Venezuela In the Collection of W C Hewitson Upperside are transparent CYCLOPIDES CERACATES Upperside 6, Male dark brown with the fringe rufous Anterior wing with posterior wing with four Underside as above except that the costal and outer margins of the anterior wing and the whole of the posterior wing are green and that the posterior wing has a band of silver near the inner margin Exp inch Hab Mexico In the Collection of W C Hewitson seven transparent spots Published April \st, 1874.] : : HESPERID^, — CYCLOPIDES CYCLOPIDES CARIATE Cydopides Carlate Hewitson Besc of Hesperi(l(B,p ^^ Upperside dark brown Anterior wing crossed beyond the middle (parallel to tlie outer margin) by a band of four rufous spots two minute rufous spots at the middle of the costal margin : Underside Anterior wing as above, except that the margins are broadly wang rufous with four paler spots in pairs Female like the male but nearly twice the size, Exp ^ ] $ t/o inch Hab Madagascar la the Collection of W C Hewitson rufous Posterior CYCLOPIDES CAENIDES Cydopides Cacnides Heicitson Besc of IIesperid(S, p 41 Upperside rufous-brown darker towards the outer margin of the posterior wing Anterior wing with six transparent rufous spots, three of them the fringe rufous near tlie apex very minute Posterior Aving with one large oblong orange spot as above except that the margins of the anterior wing and the Underside whole of the posterior wing are rufous Exp \-^ inch Hab Venezuela lu the Collection of W C Hewitson CYCLOPIDES CALLICLES Cydopides Callides Hewitson 10, 11 Besc of IIespend(E,p 42 Upperside dark brown, with pale yellow semitransparent spots Anterior wing with nine spots, posterior wing with six one in the middle, five in a band below Underside ycUow Anterior wing with the lower half dark brown ; the spots on the yellow portion of the wing bordered with black Posterior wing with two black spots near the base, the central spot and seven spots below it bordered with — black Exp 1-^j inch In the Collection of Hab Damaraland and Angola (Rogers) W C Hewitson CYCLOPIDES CHELES Cydopides CJieles Heicitson 12,13 Besc of Hesperid(S,p 42 Upperside dark brown Anterior wing with two submarginal bands of paleyellow spots: the inner band shortest, broken, its spots seven in number placed three together at the costal margin the rest in pairs Underside Anterior wing as above, except that the outer submarginal band is : shorter, and the inner band absent, except the three spots near the costal margin, which are minute Posterior wing pale yellow, with the nervures, some short lines near the costal margin, two transverse hnear bands at the middle and two submarginal bands all dark brown Exp 1-2^ inch Hab Damaraland lu the Collection of W C Hewitson CYCLOProES &-HESPERILL'V X ^IIP'llll^ r z ' -W:CHewltsoi,MettoVW-8"'1874 15 16 17 18 19 MA:NHaiiai+_ imp CROITES li CYCLOPIDES 12,3 HESPERTLLA DIRPHIA CYCLOPIDES CRITHOTE HESPERILLA HALYZIA, 4.5.6 CYCLOPIDES CYNONE SPERiLT A DOMTYSA HE ARGENTEO-ORNATUS CTCLOPIDES HESPERID^ CYCLOPIDES AND HESPERILLA CYCLOPIDES CROITES Upperside dark brown as Anterior wing with four large the fringe yellow same colour wing and the whole Posterior wing with one large central spot of the orange-yellow spots Underside : 14 above except that the apex of the anterior of the posterior wing Exp 1^0 inch In the Collectiou of is ochreous-grey Hab W C Australia Hewitson CYCLOPIDES CRITHOTE 15, 16 Upperside dark brown Anterior wing Avith nine seinitransparent white spots, two of which (below the usual subapical spots) are very minute an ochreous spot : near the inner margin Underside Anterior wing as above except that the margins wing ochreous-brown crossed bv three linear brown bands Exp l-j-y inch Hab Ecuador (Buckley.) lu the Collection of W C Hewitson are rufous Posterior CYCLOPIDES CYNONE 17 Upperside dark rufous-brown Anterior wing with five pale yellow spots one two between the median nervures and three near the apex Posterior wing with one central spot of the same colour Underside Anterior wing dark brown with the costal margin and apex rufousbrown, the apex marked by three or four white spots Posterior wing rufous-brown with several white spots separated by a band of black spots inch Hab Austraha Exp In the Collection of W C Hewitson : in the cell, ^ CYCLOPIDES ARGENTEO-ORNATUS Cyclopides Argenteo-ornaius Heiviison IS, 19 Dcsc of Hesperidce, p 41 Upperside dark brown, the base clothed with rufous hair the fringe broad, four central Anterior wing with seven opaque orange-yellow spots black and white and three before the apex Posterior wing with an oblong orange spot Underside ochreous-green Anterior wing with the spots as above Posterior wing with four oblong spots and a band of silver-white the orange spot as above : : : Exp 1-2% inch In the Collection of Hab Australia (Swan River) W C Hewitson Q Published April Ut, 1S74.] HESPERID^ CYCLOPIDES HESPERILLA DIRPHIA HesperiUa Dirphia Male rufous-brown IJppERSiDE the first apex Hewifson in the cell, the the black linear the middle : Underside 1, 2, Besc of Hesperidm, p 2)'^, Anterior wing with four semitransparent spots this (sometimes bifid) and two near the : second outside of mark of the male Posterior wing with one white spot before above except that the anterior wing has two additional white and is without any spots near the apex that the posterior wing has the white spot very distinct and below it three minute black spots sometimes dotted with white Female like the male except that the anterior wing has three subapical spots and one near the inner margin Exp 1-1% inch Hab Australia (Swan River) as spots below the second spot In the Collection of W : C Hewitson my thanks to Dr Herrich-Scbaffer for so well figuring several species from my " Descriptions of HesperidiB." He has however fallen into error (in which he has been followed by Mr Kirby in his list) in considering my II Dlrjjhia to be the same species as H Douhledayi which is only half the size, and is without the conspicuous white spot on the underside of the posterior wing I not understand why Mr Kirby (as it appears to me he does) always adopts as correct the last alteration of a butterfly's name I owe HESPERILLA HALYZIA HesperiUa Halyzia Hewitson 4, 5, Lesc of Hesperida, p 38 Upperside dark brown the fringe white, spotted with brown on the anterior Anterior wing with three central transparent spots Underside cinereous, except the lower half of the anterior wing which is dark brown Posterior wing crossed by some very indistinct brown spots beyond the : wing middle Female the male except like that it has the subapical spots of the anterior wing Exp l-^-o inch In the Collection of This species is Hab Australia (Port Denison) W C Hewitson without the mark peculiar to the male HESPERILLA DONNYSA HesperiUa Donnysa Hewitso7i Desc of Hesperida, p 39 Upperside Male Anterior wing rufous-brown, with six transparent yellow a small opaque spot near the inner margin and the black line indicative of the male Posterior wing dark brown, with a central trifid orange spot Underside grey Anterior wing with the basal half dark brown a ray of yellow from the base to the first transparent spot the inner margin yellow below its middle Posterior wing with a minute black spot before the middle, followed by a straight band of several similar spots Exp i-j-Q inch Hab Australia (Moreton Bay) In the Collection of W C Hewitson spots : : : Very much like H Picta and H ornata above though totally different below COEEECTIONS Callidryas Fiaduna, Plate V., Leptalis Otlioe, Plate VI., Leptalis Zathoe ? is Leptalis Teresa, $ Soe., and must retain Thauruma C of Reakirt L Core of Felder the female of Lelex 50, is the ? of L Praxidice, fig its is is name For figs Hew Trans Ent name 51 and 52 I propose the of Abilene Ei'esia, Plate XXI., 70 and 74, must be reversed figs Eresia Sestia should read G8, 69, 74 Eresia Letitia should read 70, 75, 76 Cybdedis Calamis, Plate XXII., Apatura Phseacia, Plate a Catagramma is XXXIIL, is Eurygona Labiena, Plate XLIV E Chrysippe of Bates little in accordance with the ? of A Sordida Moore I is, am told, the same species as It will, however, be seen that his description has my figure Compsoteria Cephalena and Cascella belong to the genus Ithomiola of Felder Hesperia Phsenicis, N.B —An Index Plates, as in the " A is is by which the binder wiU be enabled given for the benefit of those who Plates (from to 60) and the text (from to second Index, alphabetically arranged, 120), after the N.B to arrange the Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." will take the trouble to de la given, LVL, H Corydon of Fabricius Plate LIX., is H Praba of Moore Hesperia Adela, Plate number the book has been arranged by the —On append un Index par meme maniere qu'en " Genera On append un second Index, le Index of Dim-nal Lepidoptera." arrange alphabetiquement, pour servir a ceux Hvxe par Oatlands, Walton-on-Thames, June 18, 1872 first lequel le relieur peut arranger les planches qui veulent mettre les nombres aux planches apres qu'on aura arrange is I'aide (1 a 60), et aussi du premier Index au texte (1 a 120), CORRECTIONS Papilio Bimaculatus Ithomia $ of P Timias is XX and XXI should be XXX XXXI — Some and copies have been corrected M Halyma (Fabr.) Mycalesis Mandanes is M Auricruda (Butler) Mycalesis Macrones is Cyclopides Crithote is X.B •' —An The Genera A index Nisoniades Ibhara (Butler) given by which the binder is -will be enabled to arrange the plates as in of Diurnal Lepidoptera." second index, alphabetically arranged, the trouble to number the been arranged by the first plates fi-om to 60, is who will take to 116, after the book has given for the benefit of those and the text from index — Une table des matieres est ajoutee par laquelle le relieur pourra arranger les comme dans " The Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." Une seconde table des matieres, arrangee alphabetiquement, est ajoutee, pour le convenance Note planches, de ceux qui prendront la peine de numeroter les planches de a 60, et le livre a ete arrange par la premiere table des matieres le teste de a 116, apres * SYSTEMATIC INDEX FOR THE WHOLE WORK SYSTEMATIC INDEX SYSTEMATIC INDEX VOL ^ III SYSTEMATIC INDEX SYSTEAIATIC INDEX ... Erycides because of the difference of their antennae between other groups of the Hesperidse to discover such a distinction The diurnal Lepidoptera have plague of old and new of late years been... Hab Amazon of W W Saunders and W lines The white spots as C Hewitson of Hubner's Zutrage, but is without the distinct The female of this species is near to It is also near to C Euthria of the Gen... exception of the margins and the the posterior wing : : Posterior wing with a spot of white on the middle of of white) brilhant blue the costal margin, followed by a broad curved band of carmine,
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