ILLUSTRATIONS OF NEW SPECIES OF EXOTIC BUTTERFLIES V2, HEWITSON

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£'nt ILLUSTEATIONS OP NEW SPECIES OF EXOTIC BUTTERFLIES, SELECTED CHIEFLY FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF W WILSON SAUNDERS and WILLIAM BY WILLIAM C VOL C HEWITSON ,„^h HEWITSON II JOHN VAN VOOEST, LONDON 1857—1861 (^c^bA-S LONDON : WOODFALL AND KINDER, PRINTEIIS, ANGEI COURT, SKINNER STREET INTRODUCTION The work has been author's sole object in the production of this correct pictorial representations of the exquisite things through He life believes that there to leave behind him which have been to him a jo}'^ nothing higher or more worthy of is his He ambition than the simple child-like study of the works of his and their Creator beheves each species in itself perfect Creator and ; if and as it first came from the hands of the he could believe in the transmutation of species or that there was one grain of truth in the chaotic jumble of Mr Darwin, his life-long pleasure and He occupation would be taken from him has himself experienced so much pleasure in identifying from a good figure any species which descriptions have elucidate, that, encouraged by his own experience and the kind aid of his friend, Mr Wilson Saunders, who bears half the to proceed with a third volume At loss sustained in its publication, commencement the the study of the Diurnal Lepidoptera had been so were crowded with undescribed species much he failed is to induced of this work, ten years ago, neglected that our collections except in England, where the " Genera of ; Diurnal Lepidoptera " had just been brought to a conclusion, scarcely anything had been done of late years towards their illustration Since then Dr Boisduval has described the butterflies of California; the " Revue numerous Imperial Magasin de Zoologie et species Museum ;" of St Petersburg ; 790 figures) have been given Horsfield and than 500) remain imnamed of islands, in this publication of this work is still The author cannot allow ; to Dr Gray and figured Moore have described and Museum 412 new ; illus- species work, and yet numbers of species (not Mr Wallace expressing his sincere thanks to those several species in described exploring the New and abundant materials arc accumulated from which to for our third volume has been done a Catalogue of the Lepidoptera in the trated the Butterflies in the collection of the East Lidia (with M Lucas Dr Felder has M Menetries has published ; much who have less Guinea group select illustrations this opportunity to pass without so kindly aided for the facilities of access him during the which have been INTRODUCTION iv Museum given him over the collection of the British Bates, were and his to Mr Wallace, whose collections ; to Dr Eoisduval, he has had access to as freely as to Mr if they own CORRECTIONS Pieris Eliada Pieris is the male of Cramer's P Liberia Cycinna has been incorrectly printed P Concinna Cycinna Leptalis is the name by which Antherize, of Boisduval, the author wishes is N.B —An Lulex Plates, as in the " A is P (Annals Soc 3.) Lampetia of Cramer, Plate 349 given, by which the binder wUl be enabled second Lidex, alphabetically arranged, to 120), after the N.B known to arrange the Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." will take tlie trouble to la is to be the description L Portunata of Lucas Entom., 3rd Series, Vol IL, Plate Messaras Maonites it in number is given for the benefit of those the Plates (from to book has been arranged by the —On append un Index par lequcl first le relieur 60) and the who letterpress (from Index peut arranger les planclies de maniere qu'en " Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera." meme On append un second Index, arrange alphabetiquement, pour servix a ceux qui veulent mettre les nombres aux planches qu'on aura arrange le (1 a 60), et aussi au texte (1 a 120), apres hvre par I'aide du premier Index Oatlands, Walto>"-on-Thames, Sept 13, 18G1 ITHOMIA^ XW o o 071 islet J-itK 18 55 c^l.ITHOltoA 82 83 PriiLtel ERRrCA JTHOMIA DIAPHANUS ITHOMIA ESITLA ToyHuUmsaiJel & TValton 84ITHOMIA C^NO 85 ITHOMJA ONEIIA 86 ITHOMLA SALONIKA HEL I C O ITHOMIA N I D E XIV ITHOMIA ERRUCA 81 Male transparent glossy lilac-white the uervures and margins narrow, short, almost perpendicular band at the end of the cell Underside rufous, where black above Expan 1^^ in Hab Rio Grande Upperside ; A black lu the Collection of W C Hewitson Though very nearly allied to I Adasa, Fig This species is more elegant in its form, narrower and more nearly perpendicular together cell 43, they are very easily distinguished is ITHOMIA DIAPHANUS P Diap/ianws Brury, Vol Fl when seen veiy glossy, and has the band at the end of the 82 P Blaphana Cramer, PL 231 Upperside Male transparent glossy rufous-white ; the margins, which are very Anterior wing with a narrow narrow, and the nervures, which are very fine, black oblique band at the end of the cell Underside rufous where black above Expan 2-2^ in Hab Jamaica In the Collection of the British Museum ITHOMIA ESULA Upperside Male transparent rufous-white 83 ; more deeply tinted towards the anal angle of the posterior wing The margins (except the costal margin of the anterior wing, which the nervures black Underside with the margins wing, which is in In the Collection of rufous) and rufous, except the costal margin of the posterior from the base to beyond the middle Hab New Granada W C Hewitson A A dull yellow Expan 2^^ is HELICONID^ ITHOMIA ITHOMIA CCENO / Coeno BouUeday Sf 84 Hexoitson Gen Diur Lep PI 18 Female Male transparent purple-white; the marguis and nervures blue- TJppERSiDE black, except the anal angle of the posterior wing which is orange Posterior wing, from the inner margin near the base to the middle, tinted with yellow Both wings with a submarginal row of indistinct white spots Underside as above, except that the marginal white spots are more distinct 'Expan 2x^j in Hab New Granada In the Collections of W W Saunders and W C Hewitson spot on the margin of the posterior wing is not a sexual distinction although it maybeautify the males only, they are usually without it I have seen only one example of the variety, which I have figured, which has the antennae (commonly black) orange from the middle to the tip The orange ; ITHOMIA ONEIDA 85 IJpPERSiDE Female semi-transparent, rufous Anterior the margins black wing slightly clouded beyond the middle, with the costal margin and the nervures, to beyond the middle of the wing, rufous the ends of the nervures black A lunular black spot at the end of the cell Posterior wing, with the nervures (except the discoidal nervulc, which is rufous), black Underside light rufous, where black above The costal margin of the postei'ior wing dull yellow the outer margin of the same wing black, varied with rufous spots at the end of each uervule The nervures of both wings darker than above Anterior wing with three distinct white spots at the apex posterior wing with six large lunular spots on the outer margin Expan 2-^0 in Hab New Granada In the Collection of W C Hewitson This and the two preceding butterflies were sent me by Mr T J Stevens, of Bogota, to whose ; ; ; ; love of entomology we are indebted for have lately been enriched some of the most beautiful acquisitions with which our cabinets ITHOMIA SALONINA 86 Upperside Female transparent rufous white ; the margins and nervures (except where they cross the yellow band) brown Anterior wing with a short oblique band at the end of the cell, joined to the outer margin by two broad nervules, and followed by a broad indistinct band of pale yellow Underside and the costal as above, except that the outer margin Expan l\l in at the base of the posterior Hab margins of both wings are rufous, wing orange Bolivia In the Collection of the British I\Iuseum Very nearly allied to I Salapia, Fig the nei'vures of the jsosterior wiug 15, but easily known from it by the arrangement of MIEILE€(0)liIIDiS ITHOMIAXT "vV" C H.ewit«(m., del eiHth 1855 87 8S ITHOKIA HYALA 89 ITHOMIA LAGUSA 91 92 90 I' 93 T C ATAGBAMMA.X 71 / \ -/hL^ 70 /y -^ yw- 72 74 MckV W C Hewits on, del et.htli- 66 B9 72 CATACTlAIvIMA FELDEBl CATAGRAMMA BONPIANDIIrci^j 70,71 73 74 rienivsft Tl3=-= CATA&RAMMA CEHTX CATAGRAMMA PASITHIIA ; NY P ^I HA LI D CATAGRAMMA CATAGRAMMA Upperside orange Male Posterior Underside a ; band of X FELDERI 08, 69 Anterior wing crossed by a broad oblique baud of wing with a large space of ultra-ruarine blue Anterior wing with the band of orange as above, but connected wing by to the base of the cell black Ji a narrow band of paler colour, which passes through the wing ochre-yellow, crossed obliquely from the middle of the anal angle Posterior pale yellow near the apex, and at the apex a line of white by a broad black band, which by two bands before the middle is traversed of black, one curved costal by seven white and margin to the spots parallel to the ; crossed abdominal margin, the other straight, meeting each other, and the central band near the anal angle line, the abdominal margin, the nerviu'es below the middle, and a submarginal : black of blue ; the outer margin from its middle also broadly black, marked with lunules and white Expan 2yq liab in In the Collection of W Upper Amazon C Hewitson I have pleasure in dedicating this very distinct species to the Messrs Felder, father and son ardent brother lepidopterists is very different from On the upperside it resembles closely species — two on the underside ; it all CATAGRAMMA CERYX Upperside band many of blue-green Male black ; 70, 71 Anterior wing crossed obliquely at the middle by a a spot of white near the apex Posterior wing with the centre ultra-marine blue, the outer margin pale rufous-white Underside Anterior wing black ; the base pale yellow, followed by carmine the apex rufous-white, with a submarginal black line /rc.i/ Posterior wing pale brown, ^ ; NYMPH A-LID^ CATAGUAMMA clouded with darker brown beyond the middle lines marked : crossed to its in the centre by four crossed near the base by tMO black ; circular spots in pairs (three dotted with black) beyond the middle by two waved black lines the costal margin from the base : middle carmine Expan Hab Cuenca '\yo in- In the Collection of W C Hewitson CATAGRAMMA BONPLANDII CATAGRAMMA PASITHEA middle by an oblique band of carmine 73, 74 ; crossed at the wing from the base Posterior with a submarginal baud of grey-blue brilliant blue, 72 Anterior wing blue near the base Male black Upperside (Var.) : to the the outer margin middle black : the fringe white Underside by a black line) Anterior wing black and the band as middle carmine to its : which is inclosed by the Posterior : a which is marked band across the apex, a sub- wing white : the base and costal the costal and outer margin, two lines parallel to them, and two central bifid oval rings, as that the cell (the end of above carmine marginal band, and the fringe, white margin : lines all black which run : the space within these rings as well parallel to the outer margin, pale blue Expan iu Hab Ecuador In the Collection of W C Hewitson I have felt doubtful whether or not I ought to consider this as another variety of C the underside C Kolyma is it does not differ from it, Kolyma On except that the submarginal band of the anterior wing, which in pale blue bordered with black, is has no submaroinal band on the anterior wing in this species all black On the upperside C Pasithea CATAGRAMMA e \ ' 76 71 i-% 85 / / \ WC HeroiUon deletlitb -75.76 77 76 79.30 Oct-"l'« 77 186B CAIAGRAMMA XANTHICA CATAGRAMM^ COMNENA CATAGRAMMA CL DELIA / M&N Uanhsj-t imp CATAGRAMMA CATAGRAMMA -^4 85 CATAGRAMMA 81 -^2 83 L U C RE Z lA HUMBOLDTTLy^NYCTIMf;TqE N YMPHALID^ CATAGRAMMA XI CATAGRAMMA XANTHICA Upperside band of green : Underside Anterior wiug black, crossed near the middle by an oblique Male a minute subapical spot of white a small spot of white at the middle of the costal margin : the fringe alternately black and white bands of black, approximating linear Posterior wing dark brown Anterior wing black, with the base to the middle orange-yellow and apex orange-yellow 75, 76 Posterior : wing crossed obliquely by two as they approach the anal angle the fringe : brown Exp 1^ inch Hab Pozzuzo In the Collection of Messrs Salvin and Godman CATAGRAMMA COMNENA Upperside band at the Male, black 77, 78 Anterior wing with a line from the base, an irregular middle and three subapical spots of green-blue Posterior wing with a submarginal band of blue Underside orange-yellow by a Anterior wing black triangular space of carmine) (followed by some minute spots by two slender the base (which of blue) on the costal margin : a is spot followed of white Posterior wing crossed bands of black, farther apart as they approach the anal angle, linear band waved and the outer : and the apex orange-yellow parallel to the outer margin : the fringe brown Hab Apolobamba Exp 1-1% inch In the Collection of Messrs Salvin and Godman CATAGRAMMA Upperside Male, black beyond the middle of the all Posterior blue wing costal margin, margin : : and a large spot touching the inner margin, Anterior wang dark brown, with the base and a spot of white partly blue, and a blue line, on the costal the fringe alternately black and white equidistant slender linear bands of black Exp 1^ inch 79, SO irrorated with grey near the outer margin Underside ochreous-yeUow apex ochreous-yellow CLOELIA Anterior wing with a line from the base, a spot : Posterior wing crossed by two nearly the fringe brown Hab Napo In the Collection of the British Museum P CATAGRAMMA NTMPHALIDiE CATAGRAMMA LUCREZIA TJppERSiDE Anterior wing with two linear bands from the base, Male, black band a transverse at the middle, 81 and three siibapical spots, green-blue Posterior wing with a siibmarginal broad band of blue Underside carmine ochreous, tinted with red line, on the blue) Anterior wing black ochreous, tinted with red the base of the costal margin and apex, which : costal margin : is wing crossed by two with between them five minute black spots : the first band the basal half crossed by a a spot of white (which has near Posterior : it waved black two small spots of linear bands of black, short, the other submar- and zigzag ginal Exp ly^ inch W W In the Collections of Does not differ New Hab Granada Saunders and W C Hewitson from E Euriclea, except in the colour of the underside CATAGRAMMA HUMBOLDTTI This variety sidered it much from differs so Far 82, 83 the typical form of C Humboldtii that I should have con- a distinct species were there not intermediate varieties The variety figured differs from the type in having a and side of the anterior wing, and farther apart : in having the much larger space of carmine on the under- bands of the posterior wing much more slightly marked, the inner band shorter: these bands are, however, very inconstant, varying in each of the four specimens in my collection CATAGRAMMA NYCTIMENE IJppERsiDE Male, black middle of the wing, where it 84, 85 Anterior ^ving with a band from the base to the forms part of a broad transverse band below the median nervure, and a spot beyond the middle of the costal margin, brilliant blue apical grey spot Posterior wing with a submarginal band of four : a sub- distinct spots of the same blue Underside, ochreous-brown base and the apex ochreous-brown two spots of blue), Anterior wing black, with a small space at the : and a subapical band, white bands of black, with between them between the nervm-es Exp a spot at the middle of the costal margin (near : 1^ inch In the Collection of This species does not the outer five Posterior band submarginal and undulated C Hewitson differ linear black spots, and some lines of blue and white Hab Equador W wing crossed by two it from C Chaseha on the underside :ifMFisrAiLii® CATAGRAMMA^JOl '.:/«- \ 66 ^ MScNHaiiharb imp WCHewitsondeletlitb Octl^^l668 92 CATAGPvAMMA LANICE -93, 94 CATAGRAMMA CAIAGRAMMA MORONA -86 87 CATA&RAMMA ALICIA 88 90 89 CAEAGRAMMA VOLARA 91 OIA&RAKMA EURICLEA^or 9B CATAGRAMMA 95 FELDERI LEPTA NYMPHALIDtE CATAGRAMMA CATAGRAMMA Upperside Underside wing black band almost touching both margins, and a : white, slightly tinted with line) white, a l-j-Q- the outer margins black W wing crossed by two broad black but unlike it wing crossed by two slender band very short In the Collections of : crossed is by a black line, W W Saunders and differs W Differs from six small black from ' C Hewitson it and colour of the blue bands, and in the shape It is also much CATAGRAMMA EURICLEA W Posterior the costal margin carmine slender bands of the underside In the Collection of white Hab Venezuela Also nearly allied to Vaninka, but much more Pos- of blue bands of black, and between them linear Exp 1-j^ to 1"!% inch in the 88, 89 Anterior wing black, with a large subbasal space of car- white the base and the apex which spots, the inner band of the anterior in the very different position of the spot of blue near the apex trifid wing with a submarginal band : it lines, slightly apart Male, black, crossed at the middle by a band of green-blue Upperside mine crossed black spots five (comparatively) large CATAGRAMMA VOLARA Underside is C Hewitson close to C Vaninka, wing, and in having a Anterior Hab Equador inch In the Collection of terior of blue-green white spot at the middle of the costal margin, and near Posterior on the costal margin, enclosing Very lilac, siibapical trifid spot, band the basal third carmine, the base itself and the apex (which three spots of blue Exp 86, 87 Posterior wing with a very broad submarginal blue-green by a black ALICIA Anterior wing with two lines from the base, a trans- Male, black verse nearly straight XII smaller Far 90, 91 C Hewitson C Euriclea of the " Genera " in the wider separation and different form, and greater length of the blue band of the anterior wing, as well as in the shape of the small spots on the underside of the posterior wing wins is I have e.\amples of Euriclea in CATAGRAMMA Upperside blue which the blue band of the anterior unbroken Male, black the base, which band of grey-green grey-white, clouded with darker colour is 92 Anterior wing crossed at the middle by a band of Posterior wing with a submarginal Underside LANICE Anterior wing black, with bordered with blue, and the apex, grey-white : a small white spot NYMPHALIDjE on the costal margin, and below — CATAGRAMMA a band of small blue spots it Posterior wing crossed linear bands of black, and between them three small indistinct brown by two baud curved, the outer band the inner 1^ inch Exp In the Collection of spots, zigzag Hab Equador W C Hewitson This may be an extraordinary variety of C Z>'Orbit/nyi CATAGEAMMA MOEONA Upperside carmine Anterior wing crossed by a band of gold-green Male, black Posterior wing with a submarginal subapical trifid white spot Underside band of four small blue band : a of green-grey Anterior wing black, with a large subbasal space of grey-white the base and apex white - 93, 94 a white spot on the costal margin, and below : Posterior spots a wing with a lunular white spot bordered inwardly with carmine, at the middle of the costal margin of the wing, bordered inwardly with black it : a pale : the base of the spot at the middle costal margin carmine : the outer margin broadly white Hab Apolobamha Exp inches In the Collection of Messrs Salvin and Godman CATAGRAMMA Upperside scarlet Male, black Anterior a subapical pale-yellow spot : LEPTA 95 wing with more than the basal Posterior half wing with two small grey spots near the anal angle Underside across the apex, Anterior wing as above, except that and three apical blue spots it has a band of pale yellow Posterior wing yellow, with three bands of black near the base and inner margin, two large central black spots each marked with two band of blue : spots of blue, and a broad submarginal black band traversed by a the outer margin black, spotted with white Exp 2-1% inch Hab Amazon (Nanta) In the Collection of the British Museum On the underside this species is exactly similar to C Texa CATAGRAMMA EELDERI Far 96 In the Collection of Messrs Salvin and Godman, from Pozzuzo This variety each other : in differs from C Felderi e.xactly as e.xamples of C Eunomia and Zelphanta from having the band of the anterior wing carmine instead of orange-yellow, and in having the blue of the posterior wing darker, and occupying a smaller space I am indebted to Dr Gray, of the British pleasure of adorning my work Museum, and to Messrs Salvin and Godman by the very beautiful species now figured from their collections for the SfTlIFMAILiIEl) CATACrRAfvIMA XIII \ 104/ MStNHatiKart imp WtHewilstm delBtlith.0cl,1875 CATAGRAMMA CLISITHERA 99.100 CATAGRAMMA CAMELITA 97 98 -101 102 103 104 CATAGRAMMA CABIRNIA CATAGRAMMA COTYORA : NYMPHALTDiE CATAGRAMMA XIII CATAGRAMMA CLISITHERA, Catagramma CUsithera, Hewifson, Bolivian Upperside the base to Male blue-black Butterjiics, 2)age Anterior wing with a longitudinal band from beyond the middle, divided by the sub-median nervure, and a transverse band of spots beyond the middle, apex 97, 98 Posterior all brilliant blue : a linear spot of grey near the wing with four longitudinal bands of the same blue beyond the middle, and a submarginal band of green-grey Underside dark carmine tinted with grey Anterior wing from the base to beyond the middle on the lilac costal margin : the base of the costal margin and apex grey, bounded inwardly with black marked by one white and three blue spots the outer margin and a submarginal band carmine linear band of carmine, and near the outer margin by a band Exp l-^-j five indistinct inch lu the Collection of Nearly allied to C Hab W C brown Bolivia spots : of the same colour and the fringe white (Buckley.) Hewitson Patara CATAGRAMMA Upperside the fringe alternately Posterior wing crossed before the middle by an irregular linear black and white between them by : IMale blue-black the base, a small spot at the end of beyond the middle and a trifid CAIMELITA 99, 100 Anterior wing with a longitudinal band from a broad transverse indented hexafid band it, spot near the apex all blue-green Posterior wing with a broad submarginal band of the same colour by a Underside .Anterior wing with the base pale yellow, succeeded by carmine, broad band of black marked near the costal margin by a blue and by a white spot and traversed by three blue spots distinct short terior brown band, : the apex orange-yellow crossed by an in- the outer margin black, the fringe black and white Pos- Aving orange-yellow crossed near the middle and outer margin by two bands Published January 1H, 1S76.] CATAGRAMMA NYMPHALID^ of black united at but not touching the costal margin and enclosing a series of five minute black spots Exp Inr i"ch Hab In the Collection of W Most like C (Buckley.) Bolivia C Hewitson Comnena and C Ochreipennis on the upperside ; more like C Humboldtii on the underside CATAGRAMMA CABIRNIA Catagramma Cahh-nia, Upperside Male 101, 102 Hetoitson, Bolivian Butterflies, page Anterior wing with a longitudinal band from the black base to the middle part of a broad tripartite band, which, running at a right angle with it, ends near the anal angle and a subapical linear spot all a bifid spot ; green ; wing with a submarginal band of green terior Underside beyond the middle of the the fringe alternately black : costal margin, and white Pos- the fringe white Anterior wing with the basal half, except the base which is white, carmine, followed by black marked at the middle of the costal margin by a white and blue spot white, paler at the the apex white to a linear band, grey ; between the bands middle by a : : it Posterior wing grey- crossed before the middle by a linear band of black, series of five black spots, band of the same colour beyond the costal margin and beyond the middle by a zigzag linear and the end of each of the bands carmine Exp 1^^ inch Nearly allied to C Euriclea and C Priene on the underside, but different from both above CATAGRAMMA COTYORA 103, 104 Catagramma Cotyora, Hewitson, Bolivian Butterfies, page Upperside Anterior wing black, with a longitudinal band from the Male base to the middle, a spot near the middle of the costal margin, and two spots near the anal angle, brown with all green : a linear trifid a submarginal macular Underside Posterior by an irregular black a zigzag linear Posterior wing band of green-gre3^ Anterior wing dark brown, with the base, a spot at the middle the costal margin, and the apex which silver-white band of grey near the apex band wing line, of the Exp 1^§ inch In the Collection of Hab W C is crossed by a very silver-white tinted with lilac, and beyond the middle by a same colour Bolivia Hewitson (Buckley.) slender black line, ot all crossed before the middle series of five black spots and ... study of the works of his and their Creator beheves each species in itself perfect Creator and ; if and as it first came from the hands of the he could believe in the transmutation of species. .. imnamed of islands, in this publication of this work is still The author cannot allow ; to Dr Gray and figured Moore have described and Museum 412 new ; illus- species work, and yet numbers of species. .. margin Expan 2-^0 in Hab New Granada In the Collection of W C Hewitson This and the two preceding butterflies were sent me by Mr T J Stevens, of Bogota, to whose ; ; ; ; love of entomology we are
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