Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 08

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THE TEANSACTIONS or THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON SECOND SERIES.— VOLUME XL ZOOLOGY LONDON: PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COHRT, FLEET STREET : SOLD AT THE SOCIETY'S APARTMENTS, BUKLINGTON-HOtTSE, PICCADILLY, W AND BY LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO., 1908-1922 PATERNOSTER-ROW CONTENTS PART I.— December, On Koonunga By new Type of Malaoostracous Crustacean cursor, a remarkable [Communicated, O A Sayce, Melbourne University Note, by T.Calma^, I) Sc, F.L.S.) (Plates PAllT II.— March, II On some new 1908 & 2.) loith a Supplementary pages 1-16 1909 and Pacific Oceans, with a Discussion of the Oenera Spongodes, Spihonogorgia, Chironephthya, and Solenocaiilon By Ruth M Harrison, Lady Margaret Mall, Oxford ( Communicated, with Alcyonaria from the Indian a Prefatory Note, by Prof G C Bourne, M.A D.Sc, F.L.S.) (Plates 3-7.) 17-44 PART III III.— April, Notes on some Parasitic Copepoda ; Cliondracantlius By May loitli 1909 a Description of a new Species of E Bainbridge, B.Sc, F.L.S (Plates 8-11.) 45-60 PART IV.— June, 1909 IV The Freshwater Crustacea of Tasmania, with liemarks on their Geographical Distribution By Geopfrey Watkin Smith, M.A., F.L.S., Fellow of New College, Oxford (Plates 12-18 PART v.- July, V 1909 On a Blind Prawn from the Sea of Galilee (Typlilocaris {Communicated By "W T Calman, D.Sc, F.L.S Trustees of the British ifusemn.) (Plate 19.) PART VI.— December, VI 61-92 and Map.) On the Life-Kistory of Chenues galilea, gen et sp n.) by permission of the 93-97 1910 liimalayensis, Stebbing, on the Spruce (Picea Morinda) and Silver Fir (Abies Webbiatia) By E P Stebbing, F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.B.G.S., F.E.S., Imperial Forest Zoologist to the Government of India 99-124 (Plates 20-23.) 325 44 , [ iv -J PART VII.— Decembee, 1910 VII Some Points in the Anatomy of the Larva of Tipula maxima A Contribution By JAmes to our Knotvledge of the Respiration and Circulation in Insects Meikle Brown, B.Sc F.L.S 125-135 (Plates 24-27.) PAUT VIII.— October, 1911 By Canon of Harpactid Copepoda B.C.B., LL.B., P.B.S., F.B.S (Plates 28-30.) VIII Three A M Norman, M.A., 187-143 Prussia By Malcolm Burr, Sjjecies PART IX— October, IX Bermaptera (Earwigs) preserved in jV.A., Atiiber, B.Sc, F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.B.S 1911 from PART X.— October, X Contributions Insects — to 145-150 (Plate 31.) 1911 a Knowledge of the Structure and Biology of some Indian of Cvoce fili[)ennis, TVestw [Order Neuroptera, 0)1 the Life-History I Fam Hemerobiidae) By A D Imms, B.A., B.Sc, Professor of Biology, Muir [Communicated by the College, and Fellow of the Tlnioersity, Allahabad 151-160 Rev Canon W W Powler, M.A., B.Sc, F.L.S.) (Plate 32.) PART XI.— February, 1918 XI Synagoga mira, a Crustacean of the Order Ascothoracica By Canon A M 161-166 Norman, M.A., B.C.L., LL.I)., F.B.S., F.L.S (Plates 33-35.) PART XII.— June, 1913 a Knowledge of the Structure and Biology of some Indian By K D Imms, Insects II On Embia major, sp nov., from the Himalayas B.A., B.Sc, F.L.S., Forest Zoologist to the Government of India and Fellow 167-195 (Plates 36-38 and Text-figures.) of the University of Allahabad XII Contributions to — PART XIII.— March, 1916 XIII The Foraminifera of the West of Scotland Collected by Prof W A Herdman, Being a ContriF.B,.S., on the Cruise of the S.Y 'Buna,' July-Sept 1913 Heron-Allen, F.L.S., F.Z.S bution to Spolia Buniana: By Edward ' F.B.M.S., and Arthur Eabland, F.B.M.S PART XIV.— July, Titlepage, Contents, and Index (Plates 39-43 and Map.) 197-300 19:i2 301-311 TRANSACTIONS /' OP r THE LINNEAN SOCIETY On Kooniin^a I O A Satce, Melbourne by W T Type of Malacostracous Crustacean By {Cormnuiiicated, loith a Supplementary Note, cursor, a remarkable neto University Calman, B.Sc., F.L.S.) (Plates & 2.) Read 4th June, 1908 rp L OW AUDS the end of last year I gave a preliminary description of Koonutiga cursor, a remarkable crustacean with primitive Malaeostracan characters *, and compared briefly with apparently allied forms, such as Anaspides tasmanice, G M Thomson, and the it Euphausiacea and Mysidacea and further discuss form, M'hich is its now offer a detailed description of its external I have also been able to possible affinities anatomy examine a larval described below I desire at the outset to British I Museum, acknowledge my indebtedness to Dr W T Caiman, of the for his kindness in seeing this paper through the press The following short descriptions are those published in my paper, but with some slight amendments, due to the opportunity afforded me by Mr Geoffrey Smith, Fellow of New College, Oxford, of seeing drawings of a new form, the order Anaspidacea, which he discovered on a recent Order Body generally distinct, or to tiie integument slender, thorax coml)ined, first * 'Victorian Naturalist' (Melbourne), i., thin antennae vol xxiv., Tasmania Caiman, 1904 Carapace with the anterior one fused with the head cephalon and Auditory organ at base of ser 8, vol ANASPIDACEA, evidently also belonging to visit to absent Abdomen somites distinct of Thoracic about equal leugth Eyes stalked or — ZOOLOGY, VOL XI sessile Peduncle of second antennae fom'-jointed, Nov 1907, pp 117-120 ; reprinted in Ann & Mag April 1908, pp 350-355 SECOND SERIES somites Nat Hist, MR A SAYCE ON A EEMAllKABLE on second joint, or absent Mandibles without a secondary cutting-edge Maxillipeds and succeeding pairs of legs uniform in {lacinia mohilis of Hansen) Swimming-branches (exopods) on all but the general structure and adapted for walking forming a double series on all but the last one Branchiae last two or three pairs of legs scale present or two pairs of legs, simple, lamellar, wholly uncovered Pleopoda natatory, no appendix inner branch (endopodite) rudimentary or wanting, except in the males, when modified in the first two pairs for sexual purposes Telson and uropoda normal, iiilerna, it is No together forming a " fan." Fam marsupial plates (oostegites) Anaspid^, Thomson, 1894 Thorax of eight segments Eyes pedunculated Antennal scale arising from the second joint Mandibles with single dentate cutting-edge, " spine-row " or setose ridge, and molar expansion Maxillipeds with exopodite small, simple, and lamellar epipodite quite small and simple, possessing also small gnatho-basic lobes on the inner face ; Branchiae on First five pairs of legs with well-developed swimming-bi-anch last pail- of legs, all but the Pleopoda with rudimentary which are without any appendages endopodite Fam Koontjngid^, Sayce, 1907 Thorax with anterior segment fused with the Eyes sessile No antennal scale head, leaving seven distinct subequal segments and molar expansion, no definite " spinecutting-edge Mandibles with a single dentate In general appearance like Anaspidae row." Maxillipeds without any trace of gnatho-basic lobes, otherwise like Anaspidae Pleopoda absolutely uniramous, except the first two pairs in the male Genus Koontjnga, Sayce, 1907 Cephalon about equal in length to the following two segments combined, possessing a short transverse sulcus ou each side at about the middle distance, posteriorly to which the margins are produced downwards and inwards Frontal margin of cephalon scarcely produced, incised above the attachment of the second antennae, forming a small lateral Eyes small, round, situated on the dorsal surface at the angles formed by the union of the frontal margin and the incisions Antennas long and filamentous, the lobe upper with basal joint of flagellum possessing sensory modification in the male, lower nearly as long as the upper Mandibles with a three-jointed palp No swimming-branch on Remarks —The name First maxillae with a small but distinct palp the last two pairs of thoracic limbs is derived from the aboriginal near where specimens were collected name of a creek which runs * KEW TYPE OF MALACOSTRACOUS CEUSTACEAN KoONTJNGA CURSOR, Sayce Specific Description Anterior portion of the body of subcylindrical form, becoming gradually rather broader, deeper, and cylindrical posteriorly All the segments of the thorax and abdomen subequal Abdomen equal in length to the thorax, last segment not longer than the preceding one, or two dorsal spines close to the attachment of the telson Telson entire, slightly one with broader than or more length, of triangular form and rounded apex, margin fringed with two Uropod with peduncle extending to half the length of branches somewhat longer than the peduncle, inner one fringed along the its series of stout spines the telson, its inner margin with upturned spines, and three longer ones at the apex pointing outwards outer margin and apex fringed with very long feathered setae ; outer branch fringed ; with long feathered setae, and the outer margin also with a row of upturned spines Mandibles each with a broad cutting-plate, that of the left side curvino- outwards, and the edge divided into six stout teeth that of the right side also broad, curved in the reverse direction, and the edge divided into five stout teeth molar process similar ; ; in each, forming a well-extended broad ridge clothed with short, stout setae, surrounding a minute triturating surface with chitinoid papillae Maxillipeds rather stouter than the legs, extending directly forwards about as far as the distal end of the peduncle of the upper antennae, the seventh joint (dactylusj minute, and bearing four claws on the rounded extremity The seventh joint, also, of each of the otlier limbs minute, and bearing three long, stout claws, the middle one rather longer than the other two, which are placed closely on each side of it and stout, quite similar to each other Colour — General appearance marbled dark brown Microscopically showing a yellowish stratum, thickly dotted over with rounded areas composed of black granules —Largest specimen measured mm Occurrence — From freshwater reedy pools beside 9'5 Length MuUum a tiny runnel joining the Mullum Creek, Ringwood, near Melbourne Remarks — It is forcibly forwards remarkably active and also swim ; usual form of locomotion running, but can spring easily It shuns strong light Detailed Description The largest specimen I have seen measured 9'5 mm and it differed The followingseveral specimens between these two sizes, some in length, morphologically in no important degree from others of at least description is made after examination of mm which were seen alive Its nearest ally appears to be Anaspides tasmanice, G M Thomson, and I have made comparisons with it from descriptions and drawings by Thomson (Trans Linn Soc, Zool (2) vi 3) and Dr W T Caiman (Trans Roy Soc Edinburgh, xxxviii pt iv.) In general appearance the colour is irregularly marbled dark brown on body and of appendages ; microscopically the dark areas are resolved into small irregular and roundish patches, composed of dark yellowish brown and black granules, the intermediate stratum being Alcohok specimens show scarcely any difference in colour 1* ; ME A SATCE ON A EEMABKABLE very slender, fully eight times as long as broad, and of almost uniform breadth throughout Anteriorly it is slightly dorso-ventrally couipressed and of subcylindrical form, but the depth gradually increases posteriorly, so that the last few The body is The integument is smooth, thin, and membranous, and is no development of pleura, and the epimera are incon- se""ments are cylindrical contains no lime There salts It is divided into fourteen distinct segments, spicuous abdominal ones, thoracic and six articulated one to another The cephalon combined, and the shape is and all comprised of cephalon, seven but the cephalon being subequal They are freely with similar powers of flexion about equal in length to the following two segments Looked at from above freely articulated to the following segment (PI figs 1, 2, is all 3) is subquadrate, with frontal margin above the attachment of the anteiiuules, forming a wide evenly triangular projection, the obtusely-angled apex curving slightly On each side of the base of closely approximated autennules downwards between the this triangular area the margin between I it have is incised, so that a narrow lateral lobe is formed and the inferior margin critically observed what lie examined the position corresponding thought might possibly be ocelli in to that wliere Caiman has Anaspides, but cannot find the any in the present species Viewed from the side the dorsal line is almost straight, curving slightly downwards anteriorly and posteriorly, and slightly depressed in the middle The lobe on each side slightest indication of is about the width of the basal joint of the antenna, the attachment of wliich its upper corner is even curve, thence it overlies ; right-angled and the frontal margin meets the inferior margin in an it runs almost straight hindwards for half the length of the head from here straight sulcus a definite sulcus runs obliquely backwards for a short distance, then turns upwards and merges in the dorsum, where no trace of it can be seen this commences immediately posterior to the insertion of the mandibles, and ; corresponds to the apparently definite division which separates the head from the thorax in Anaspides Immediately posterior to this sulcus the inferior margin commences to descend gradually to a depth equal to that of the following segment, then to curve upwards to meet the posterior margin There is no branchial cavity formed I can find no any lateral sulcus nor indication of division running obliquely across in the trace of position corresponding to that on the first thoracic somite of Anaspides The eyes are situated on the dorsum, at the angles formed by the union of the frontal margin and the lateral incisions, and quite close to tlie frontal edge They are very and uniformly black Perceon or Mesosome The seven segments are each of equal width to one another, but gradually increase a little in depth posteriorly, the back is evenly arched from side to side, the inferior margins slightly excavated above the attachment of the appendages, and there are no definite epimera In the female just in front of the last pair of legs there is a development of the sternum to form a small pouch (sperm atheca), which is described later when dealing small, circular, — with the appendages The Fleon or Metasome is of similar length to the peraion, and its segments subequal, ; NEW TYPE OF MALACOSTRACOUS CRUSTACEAN except the terminal one, which, although of equal length to the preceding, becomes dorsum declining rapidly attenuated, the margin posterior immediately appendage lateral to that margins of directions, tliis and meet the the ; the telson, and produced to form a small acute triangular side, there are one or two stout spines, pointing inferior margin line of The in a right angle segment are inclined preceding the attachment of the margin declines obliquely forwards along the lateral to the tooth the articulation of the uropods, to above it is on the inner tooth, at tlie base of which, upwards; in a straight line to the base of the telson slightly excavated is obliquely in which allows of deeper tlexion than the preceding segments inferior opposite There is no development of pleura In male specimens there sternum in the mid describe when it later closely associated with I will dealing with the appendages of the abdomen combined: the peduncle & 7) are nearly half the and broad, and stoutly built is joints, the tirst is and hearing but few the sexual endopodites of the This I believe to be a development of the sternum and Tiie antennules (tigs formed of three a remarkable unpaired appendage projecting from the and axis, second pair of pleopoda is eqvial in length to the cephalon; as long as the succeeding The auditory organ setse length of the cephalon and body is it is two combined, situated in this joint with the form appears to be quite similar to that of Anaspides The second and third joints are narrower than the first, subequal to each other, and the inner and outer margins tufted with setse, most of which are slightly opening on the upper surface, and its and with about twenty (more or less according to the size of the individual) short articles The secondary or inner flagellum is about one-half the length of the primary one and has feathered The outer flagellum about eight articles slender, about twice as long as the peduncle is The antennules have the following modifications in the males (figs & «) Arising from the distal extremity of the last peduncular joint, at the inner angle, there is a short broad linguiform lobe with the edge evenly i-ounded, and fringed with long curving faintly feathered setse part of the secondary flagellum the primary flagellum, which In shape This lobe partly shields a remarkable pedunculated which projects obliquely towards the mid axis and underlies the basal eye-like organ, somewhat it is the rounded outer surface is ; it arises from the distal inner angle of the first joint of distinctly stouter than the succeeding ones an ordinary pedunculated eye, but there is no pigment studded with closely packed minute hyaline hollow cups, like is each attached to the surface by a short stalk (fig a) From a casual observation this organ might easily be mistaken for an eye, but on closer examination that idea cannot be accepted I am disinclined to believe it is of sensory function, and think it more likely to serve a mechanical action, such probably as clasping the female; the surface, It, its tiny hollow disks, would help in discharging this function howcTer, requires more careful study by means of sections than have so far been able studded with to give, and it males on the the above may first be a sense-organ Jnaspicles possesses sexual modifications in the seven articles of the inner flagellum, but of quite different form to ^ ME AntenncB (PI A SATCE ON A REMARKABLE 6).—The peduncle fi£? slender is antennules, and the last peduncular joint but The peduncle flagellum is formed of four little compared with the peduncle stouter than the joints, the first quite short the second about twice as long, the third as long as the first of the articles of the first and subquadrate, and second combined, and The more slender and a little shorter than the previous one formed of long and slender, about twice the length of the peduncle and the fourth rather flagellum about 18 is articles In Anaspides there a definite scale arising from the second peduncular joint, but in is the present species there is not even a vestige of one otherwise they are in close ; agreement The anterior lip (fig 8) is thick and fleshy, curving evenly downwards without any transverse ridge (epistome), the margin broadly and evenly rounded, with short Tlie mandibles (figs 10, 11, there is and the 11 «) agree closely with The body no clearly defined spine-row is tliose of Anaspides, except that stout and supplied with a three- jointed palp, the cutting-plate long, broad, and strongly curved between opposing the other in opposite directions); (the curve of one side declines but very slightly inwards, on the left tip furred setae and five and on the right hand is its lateral its distal edges margin divided into numerous strong acute teeth (six side), at a right angle to join the basal part of and the inner lateral margin descends almost The molar expansion the molar expansion and rises abruptly to form a rounded cushion-like ridge, thickly clothed, in part upon the summit, and for some distance surrounding it, with long spiniform setjB the outer edge of the summit is raised a little to form a minute grinding-surface is well developed ; setse Between the cuttingany secondary cutting-plate noi' studded with chitinoid papillae, hidden by the surrounding and the molar expansion there jilate definite spine-row, may is but the setose cushion-like area possibly have originated from one The palp is three-jointed short and free from setsB setae ; 11 vinited to little lip (fig 9) the chitinoid extremity a) so that the distal ends The first joint is with a row of about six in front of the anterior lip the second almost three times as long, along the inferior margin of the distal half apically broadly rounded, Posterior (tig and directed forwards and inwards, almost meet in the mid axis, a long feathered no sign of ; the third is minute, and bearing several long feathered setae is formed of two membranaceous, narrow, ovoidal, widely —This divergent lobes, connected together at the base, and the inner edges of the lobes, are fringed with 1:h.e first setae maxilla (fig 12) consists of two lobes : the outer or distal one bears a minute one-jointed palp on the outer face, pointing distally (not reflected backwards as in the Cumacea), and tipped Avith three very the obliquely truncated summit long si^inules, feathered along their inner margins; of the lobe bears a double series of about ten strong yellow spines, not toothed, as in Anaspides, but faintly feathered, and the inner face curves outwards to form a small rounded expansion short The proximal and narrow, being onlv half the width of the outer lobe, or inner lobe and the summit is l)ears — LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON MEMORANDA CONCERNING TRANSACTIONS The First Series of the Transactions, containing both Botanical and Zoological contributions, has been completed 30 Vols., and a few entire sets are still for sale Only certain single volumes, or parts to complete sets, may be The price of the Judex to Vols 1-25 is 8s to the public, and 6« to Fellows; to obtained at the original prices Vols 26-30, 4s to the public, and 3s to Fellows in The Second Series of the Trausactions is divided into Zoological and Botanical sections Zoological parts of those which have been published are as undermeutioned : Second Series Volume — Zoologt When Price to the Price to Piiblisbed Public Fellows £ s I Parts I.-VIII 1875-79 10 II PartsI.-XVIII.1879-88 17 d 1884-88 18 IV Parts I.-III 1886-88 10 VI Parts I.-VIII 1894-97 17 III Parts I.-VI V Parts I.-XI.U -94 VIII Parts I.-XIII 1900-03 14 VII Parts I.-XI 1896-1900 IX Part I Part II 1903 1903 Part III 1903 Part IV 1904 Part V 1904 Part VI 1904 6 Part VII 1904 Part VIII 1904 10 Part IX 1905 Part X 1906 12 Part XI 1907 12 Part XII 1907 Part XIII 1907 Part XIV 1907.Index.0 X Part I 1904 Part II 1904 Part III 1905 3 Part IV 1905 Part V 1906 Part VI 1906 Part VII 1907 Part VIII 1907 Part IX 1909 Part X 1911 (In progress.) 10 1 The prices of the 2nd Ser ZOOLOGY] [VOL XI PART 12 THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OE LONDON CONTEIBUTIONS TO A KNOWLEDGE OF THE STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGY OF SOME INmAN INSECTS.-IL ON EMBIA MAJOR, SP NOV., FROM THE HIMALAYAS BY A U IMMS, M.A., D.Sc, F.L.S., FOREST ZOOLOGItST TO TUE GOVEENMENT OP INUIA, A.NU FELLOW OP TItE UXIVERSITf OF ALLAllAHA 1) LONDON: PRINTED FOR THE LINNEAN SOCIETY BV TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET, SOl.U AT THE society's APARTMENTS, BURLINGTON-HOUSE, PICCADILLY, W., AND BY LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO., Jinie 1913 PATERNOSTER-ROW — LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON MEMORANDA CONCERNING TRANSACTIONS First Series of the Transactions, containing both Botanical and Zoological contributions, has been completed and a few entire sets are still for sale Only certain single volumes, or parts to complete sets, may be The price of the Judex to Vols 1-25 is 8s to the public, and t)« to Eellows; to obtained at tlie original prices The ill 'SO Vols., Vols 26-30, 4s to the public, and 3s to Fellows The Second Series of the Transactions Zoological parts of those Sfxond Vol 111)18 Seeie-! When Price to.the Price to Published Public Fellows s d Parts T.-VIII 1875-79 10 I.-XVIII 1879-88 17 II Parts III Parts I.- VI 1884-88 18 IV Parts I.-III 1886-88 10 VI PartsI.-VIII 1894-97 17 V Parts I.-XI IS -94 Vir Paris I.-XT 1890-1900 VIII Parts I.-XIII 1900-03 14 IX Part I Part II 1903 1903 Part III 1903 Part IV 1904 Part V 1904 Part VI 1904 Part VII 1904 Part VIII 1904 Part IX 1905 Part X 1906 12 Part XI 1907 12 Part XII 1907 10 Part XIII 1907 Part XIV 1907.Index.0 X Part 1904 Part II 1904 Part III 1905 IV 1905 10 Part divided into Zoological — Zoology £ T is which have been published are Part V 1906 Part VI 1906 Part VII 1907 Part VIII 1907 Part IX 1909 Part X 1911 (lu progress.) 1 and Botanical as undermeMtioiied : sections Tlie prices of the 2iid Ser ZOOLOGY.] [VOL XI PART 13 THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON THE FORAMIMFEEA OF THE WEST OF SCOTLAND COLLECTED BY PROF W A HERDMAN, F.R.S., ON THE CRUISE OF THE S.Y 'RUNA,' JULY-^FT 1913 BEING A CONTRIBUTION TO 'SPOLIA RUNIANA' BY EDWARD HERON-ALLEN, F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.R.M.S., AND ARTHUR EARLAND, F.R.M.S LONDON: PRINTED FOR THE LINNEAN SOCIETY BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COCTRT, FLEET STREET, SOLD AT THE SOCIETY'S APARTMENTS, BURLINGTON-HOUSE, PICCADILLY, W., AND BY LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO., March 3916 PATERNOSTER-BOW — • LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON MEMORANDA CONCERNING TRANSACTIONS First Series of the Transactions, containing both Botanical aiul Zoological coiitributiotis, lias been completed and a iew entire sets are still for sale Only certain single volumes, or parts to complete sets, may be obtained at tlie original prices The price of the Index to Vols l-2o is Ss to the public, and (Is to Fellows to Vols l'6-;iO, 4s to the i)ublic, and 3s to Fellows The In 30 Vols., ; Tlie Second Series of the Transactions is divided into Zoological and liotanical sections Zoological parts of those which liave been published are as undermenlioned : Second Series Zoology Second SERIE^ When Price to the Price to Publislied Public Fellows Volimio £ S d £ Volume fl '- Partsl.-XVIir.l879^8S 17 18 III Parts I.-VI 188-1-88 18 IV Parts T.-IIT 1886 I II Purls I.-VIII 1875-79 10 V Parts I.-XI 1888-94 10 17 17 15 VIII Parts I.-XIII 1900-03 14 VI Partsl.-Vril 1894-97 VII Parts I.-XI 1896-1900 IX Part I Part II 1903 Part III 1903 1903 18 IV 1904 Part V 1904 Part VI 1904 I'art VII 1904 Part VIII 1904 10 Part IX 1905 Part X 1906 12 Part XI 1907 12 Part XII 1907 Part XIII 1907 Part Part XIV 1907.Indcx.0 I Part II Part III Part Part V 1906 10 XV VI 1906 Part VII 1907 1907 Part IX, 1909 15 Part X 1911 flu progress.) XIV Part Part VIII XITI 1904 IV 1905 XII 1904 1905 Part Xi 11 — XVI — Zoor.ooy Tlie prices (coiilimie of the -^^ \^"%^ y^^ ^' ^^ 2nd Ser ZOOLOGY.] [VOL XI PART 14 THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON TITLEPAGE, CONTENTS, AND INDEX LONDON: PRINTED FOR TUE LINNEAN SOCIETY liT TAYLOR AND FIIANCIS, liED LION COUKT FLEET STREET, SOLD AT THE SOCIETY'S APARTMENTS, BURLINGTON-HOUSE, PICCADILLY, W AND BY LONGMANS, GREEN, AND Juli/ 1922 CO., PATERNOSTER-ROW 1, — — LINNEAN SOCIETY OF LONDON MEMOJUNDA CONCERNING TIUNSACTIONS First Series of the Tiansaotious, containing both Botanical and Zoological contributions, has been completed and a few entire sets are still for sale Only certain single volumes, or parts to complete sets, may be obtained at the original prices The price of the Index to Vols l-L'o is 8s to the public, and Gs to Fellows to Vols :.'6-30, 4s to the public, and 3s., to Fellows The in 30 Vols., ; The Second Series of llie Transactions is divided into Zoological and Botanical sections Zoological parts of those which have been published are as undermentioned : Second SmuEi Wbeii Vobinu* Zoologt Pi-ice 1o tlie Public Published £ I II III I'arls I.- VIII s d, 1875-79 10 U rartsI.-XVIII.1879-88 17 Parts I.-VI 1884-88 IV rartsl.-lll 1886-88 18 10 VI ParlsI.-VIlI 1894-07 17 V Paris I.-XI 1888-94 VII Paris l.-XI 1896-1900 S VIII Parts I.-XIII 1900-03 14 IX Parts I.-XIV 1903-07 17 X Part () (i The prices of tlie ... on the 18 Side view of portion of the last somite of the perseon pleon of a male, showing the sexual organs ; inner side of the coxa of the last leg, x 45 19 Ventral view of the first pleopod of. .. front of the to each other, except that they successively become a little shorter ; ; last pair of legs, ajid behind the openings of the oviducts on the inner side of the joint of the filth pair of. .. portion of the seveuth on the fifth joint, appendage of the peraeon, x 90 17 a Two 15 of a series of spines increased magnitication and the first and second somites of the * denotes the opening of the
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