ATLAS OF UNITED STATES TREES Vol 5

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ATLAS OF UNITED STATES TREES Volume Florida by Elbert L Little, Jr., Chief Dendrologist (Retired) Timber Management Research USDA Forest Service, Washington, D.C Miscellaneous Publication No 1361 • United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service • Washington, D.C • May 1978 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D.C LITTLE, ELBERT L., JR 1978 Atlas of United States trees Volume Florida U.S Dep Agric Misc Publ 1361, 22 p., 268 maps This is the fifth volume of an Atlas with maps showing natural distribution or range of the native tree species the of the continental United States Together, the volumes contain 1,205 maps of 655 native tree species Florida merits a separate because it volume has more native tree species than any other State (ex- and because it has a large number of tropical no other State The 262 maps of native trees of Florida include 13 maps of conifers and 151 maps of temperate hardwoods, reproduced from portions of maps in Volumes and cept Hawaii), species found in on the same tropical scale, to a page Large maps of 98 species of hardwoods of South Florida are added Ten of hawthorn (Crataegus) listed species increase the State total to about 272 Also, for further reference, the range of each species, both within Florida and beyond, OXFORD:181.1 Florida) ; is summarized (759) in text KEYWORDS: United States (trees) ; trees Florida (United (trees) ; States, maps, plant distribution; atlas Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 79—653298 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C 20402 Stock No 001-000-03728-5 Class No A 1.38:1361 ) CONTENTS Page List of maps iv General maps Species iv maps iv Conifers iv Temperate hardwoods iv Tropical hardwoods vi Introduction History of tree distribution maps Coverage of this volume - Preparation of the maps Explanation of the maps Tree names General maps Species _ maps and ranges Notes on ranges _ Trees of the Florida Keys Rare and 15 16 17 local species Northwestern Florida 17 18 Central Florida Southern Florida Applications of the _ maps 18 18 Summary 18 Statistical summary 19 of the atlas 20 Selected references Maps ( Follow text General maps 1-6 Species maps 1-256 Conifers, maps 1-13 Temperate hardwoods, maps 1*1-158.6 Tropical hardwoods, Index of common names Index of scientific names maps 159-256 (Follows maps) _ (Follows maps) in LIST OF MAPS General Maps General No Map North America Base map with names of States of the United States, Provinces and other subdivisions of Canada, States of Mexico, and West Southeastern Indies names of additional countries Southern Florida with reference to the principal islands names of United States (contiguous) Base map with counties names of counties, county seats, and physical Florida, with Florida, showing National Forests, Everglades National Park, Florida, Plant Hardiness Zones features and Biscayne National Monument Species Maps Conifers Map No Chamaecyparis thyoides 20 Alnus serrulata Juniperus silicicola (Small) Bailey, southern redcedar 21 Amelanchier arborea (Michx Juniperus virginiana 22 Aralia spinosa L., devils-walkingstick Pinus clausa (Chapm.) Vasey, sand pine 23 Asimina Pinus echinata 24 Baccharis halimifolia L., eastern Pinus 25 Betula nigra birch Pinus glabra Walt., spruce pine 26 Bumelia lanuginosa (Michx.) Pinus palustris 27 Bumelia lycioides elliottii (L.) B.S.P., Atlantic white-cedar redcedar L., eastern Mill., shortleaf pine Engelm., slash pine Mill., longleaf pine (Ait Willd., hazel alder ) triloba (L.) Dunal, L., river f.) Fern., downy serviceberry pawpaw (L.) Pers., baccharis Pers., gum bumelia buckthorn bumelia Pinus serotina Michx., pond pine 28 Bumelia tenax (L.) Willd., tough bumelia 10 Pinus taeda 29 Carpinus caroliniana Walt., American hornbeam 11 Taxodium distichum 30 12 Taxus floridana Nutt., Florida yew Torreya taxifolia Arn., Florida torreya Carya aquatica (Michx f.) Nutt., water hickory Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K Koch, bitternut hickory 13 L., loblolly pine (L.) Rich., baldcypress 31 32 33 34 35 Carya floridana Sarg., scrub hickory Carya glabra (Mill.) Sweet, pignut hickory Carya pallida (Ashe) Engl & Graebn., sand hickory Carya tomentosa mockernut hickory Nutt., 36 Castanea alnifolia Nutt., Florida chinkapin 37 Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh., American chestnut 38 Castanea pumila Acer barbatum Michx., Florida maple Acer leucoderme Small, chalk maple 39 Catalpa bignonioides Walt., southern catalpa 40 Celtis laevigata Willd., sugar berry 41 Celtis tenuijolia Nutt., Georgia hackberry 17 Acer negundo L., boxelder Acer rubrum L., red maple 42 Cephalanthus occidentdlis 18 Acer saccharinum L., silver 43 Cercis canadensis L., eastern redbud 19 Aesculus pavia red buckeye 44 Chionanthus virginicus Temperate Hardwoods Map 14 15 16 IV No L., maple Mill., Allegheny chinkapin L., buttonbush L., fringetree monophylla (Lam.) Britton, buckwheat-tree 45 Cliftonia 46 Cornus 47 48 Cyrilla racemiflora L., 108 Prunus Prunus Prunus Prunus 49 Diospyros virginiana 109 Ptelea trifoliata L., 50 Erythrina herbacea 51 52 Fagus grandijolia Ehrh American beech Forestiera acuminata (Michx.) Poir., swamp-privet 53 Forestiera segregata (Jacq.) 54 Fra.xinus americana L., white ash alternifolia L Cornus florida f., alternate-leaf flowering L., dogwood dogwood 107 swamp cyrilla L common persimmon L 105 106 southeastern coralbean Krug & Urban, 10 11 12 angustifolia Marsh., Chickasaw plum caroliniana (Mill.) Ait., Carolina laurelcherry serotina Ehrh., black cherry umbellata Quercus alba L., Ell., flatwoods plum common hoptree white oak Quercus arkansana Sarg., Arkansas oak Quercus chapmanii Sarg., Chapman oak 55 Fra.xinus caroliniana Mill., Carolina ash 15 Quercus durandii Buckl., Durand oak Quercus falcata Michx., southern red oak Quercus incana Bartr., bluejack oak 56 Fra.xinus pennsylvanica Marsh., green ash 16 Quercus laevis Walt., turkey 57 Fra.xinus profunda (Bush) Bush, 17 Quercus laurifolia Michx., laurel 58 Gleditsia aquatica Marsh., waterlocust 59 Gleditsia triacanthos L honeylocust 60 Gordonia lasianthus 120 pumpkin ash Halesia Carolina Halesia diptera 63 Halesia parviflora Michx., 64 66 Hamamelis virginiana L., witch-hazel Hex ambigua (Michx.) Torr Carolina Ilex cassine L., dahoon 67 Ilex coriacea (Pursh) L., two-wing 19 silverbell little silverbell Chapm., large gallberry oak Quercus lyrata Walt., overcup oak Quercus marilandica Muenchh., blackjack oak Quercus michauxii Nutt., swamp chestnut oak Quercus myrtifolia Willd., myrtle oak Quercus nigra L., water oak 123 Quercus phellos 124 holly oak 122 121 Carolina silverbell 61 1 18 (L.) Ellis, loblolly-bay Ellis, 13 14 62 65 Florida-privet L., willow oak Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm., chinkapin oak 126 Quercus shumardii Buckl Shumard oak Quercus stellata Wangenh., post oak 127 Quercus velutina Lam., black oak 125 Ilex decidua Walt., 128 Quercus virginiana 69 Ilex 129 Rhamnus 70 Ilex 130 Rhus copallina L., shining sumac Rhus glabra L., smooth sumac Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers., dwarf palmetto 68 possumhaw montana Torr & Gray, mountain winterberry myrtifolia Walt., myrtle dahoon opaca American holly 71 Ilex 72 Ilex verticillata (L Ait., 131 A Gray, ) common winterberry yaupon 132 Mill., live oak caroliniana Walt Carolina buckthorn 133 Sabal palmetto (Walt.) Lodd., cabbage palmetto 73 Ilex vomitoria Ait., 74 Illicium floridanum Ellis, Florida anise-tree 134 Salix caroliniana Michx., Coastal Plain willow 75 Illicium parviflorum Michx., yellow anise-tree 135 Salix floridana Chapm., Florida willow 76 Juglans nigra 136 Salix nigra Marsh., black willow 77 Kalmia 137 Sambucus canadensis 78 Leitneria floridana Chapm., 138 Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees, sassafras 139 Serenoa repens (Bartr.) Small, saw -palmetto 140 Staphylea L., black walnut latifolia L mountain-laurel corkwood sweetgum L., American elder 79 Liquidambar 80 Liriodendron tulipifera 81 Lyonia ferruginea Nutt., tree lyonia 141 Stewartia malacodendron 82 cucumber tree Magnolia ashei Weatherby, Ashe magnolia Magnolia grandiflora L., southern magnolia Magnolia pyramidata Bartr., pyramid magnolia Magnolia virginiana L., sweetbay Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx southern crab apple Morus rubra L., red mulberry Myrica cerifera L., southern bayberry Myrica heterophylla Raf., evergreen bayberry 142 Styrax americana Lam., American snowbell 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 styraciflua L., Magnolia acuminata 91 Myrica inodora 92 Nyssa aquatica L., yellow-poplar L., Bartr., odorless L., bayberry 96 Nyssa ogeche Bartr., Ogeechee tupelo Nyssa sylvatica Marsh., black tupelo blackgum Osmanthus americanus (L.) Benth & Hook, f., devilwood Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K Koch, eastern hophornbeam 97 Oxydendrum arbor eum 98 Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng., redbay 99 Pinckneya pubens Michx., pinckneya 93 94 95 ; (L.) DC, sourwood 100 Planera aquatica Gmel., planertree 101 Platanus occidentalis 102 Populus deltoides Bartr., eastern cottonwood 103 Populus heterophylla 104 Prunus americana Marsh., American plum L., L., sycamore swamp cottonwood American bladdernut L., Virginia stewartia 143 Styrax grandifolia 144 Symplocos tinctoria 145 basswood Tilia heterophylla Vent., white basswood Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze, poison-sumac Ulmus alata Michx., winged elm Ulmus americana L., American elm 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 water tupelo trifolia L., 153 154 155 Ait., bigleaf snowbell (L.) L'Her., common sweetleaf Tilia caroliniana Mill., Carolina Ulmus crassifolia Nutt., cedar elm Ulmus rubra Miihl., slippery elm Vaccinium arboreum Marsh., tree sparkleberry Viburnum nudum L., possumhaw viburnum Viburnum obovatum Walt., Walter viburnum Viburnum rufidulum Raf rusty blackhaw 156 Yucca 157 Yucca gloriosa aloifolia L., aloe L., yucca moundlily yucca Zanthoxylum clava-herculis L., Hercules-club M A Curt., sarvis holly 158.2 Ilex longipes Chapm., Georgia holly 158.3 Euonymus atropurpureus Jacq., eastern burningbush 158 158.1 Ilex amelanchier 158.4 Magnolia tripetala L., umbrella magnolia 158.5 Asimina parviflora (Michx.) Dunal, smallflower 158.6 Cornus stricta Lam., swamp dogwood pawpaw Tropical Hardwoods Map No 159 Acacia choriophylla Benth., cinnecord 160 Acacia macracantha Humb & Bonpl ex Willd., long-spine acacia 161 A coelorrhaphe wrightii 162 Alvaradoa amorphoides Liebm., Mexican alvaradoa Amphitecna latifolia (Mill.) A H Gentry, black-calabash (Griseb &H Wendl.) H Wendl., paurotis-palm 163 165 Amyris balsamifera L., balsam torchwood Amyris elemifera L., torchwood 166 Annona glabra L., pond-apple 167 Ardisia escallonioides Schiede & Deppe, marlberry 168 Avicennia germinans (L.) 169 Bourreria ovata Miers, 170 Bourreria radula (Poir.) G Don, rough strongbark 171 172 Bumelia celastrina H.B.K., saffron-plum Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg., gumbo-limbo 173 Byrsonima lucida DC., key byrsonima 174 Calyptranthes pallens Griseb., pale lidflower 164 L., black-mangrove Bahama strongbark 175 Calyptranthes zuzygium (L.) Sw., myrtle-of-the-river 176 Canella winterana (L.) Gaertn., canella 177 Capparis cynophallophora L., 178 Capparis flexuosa (L.) limber caper 179 Cereus robinii (Lem.) L Benson, key tree-cactus 180 Chrysobalanus icaco 181 L., Jamaica caper 208 209 Guapira discolor (Spreng.) 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 Guettarda scabra (L.) Vent, roughleaf velvetseed 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 Guettarda Little, blolly elliptica Sw., elliptic-leaf velvetseed latifolia (Sw.) Urban falsebox Gymnanthes lucida Sw., oysterwood Hamelia patens Jacq., scarletbush Hippomane mancinella L., manchineel Gyminda Hypelate trifoliata Sw., hypelate tawny berry holly Ilex krugiana Loes., Jacquinia keyensis Mez, joewood Krugiodendron ferreum (Vahl) Urban, leadwood Laguncularia racemosa (L.) Gaertn f., white-mangrove Licaria triandra (Sw.) Kosterm., Florida licaria Lysiloma latisiliquum (L.) Benth., Bahama lysiloma Manilkara bahamensis (Baker) Lam & Meeuse, wild-dilly Mastichodendron foetidissimum (Jacq.) Cronq., false-mastic Maytenus phyllanthoides Benth., Florida mayten Metopium toxiferum (L.) Krug & Urban, Florida poisontree Myrcianthes fragrans (Sw.) McVaugh, twinberry stopper Nectandra coriacea (Sw.) Griseb., Florida nectandra Picramnia pentandra Sw., bitterbush Piscidia piscipula (L.) Sarg., Florida fishpoison-tree Pisonia rotundata Griseb., pisonia 231 Pithecellobium guadalupense (Pers.) Chapm., Guadeloupe 232 Pithecellobium unguis-cati (L.) Mart., catclaw blackbead 182 Chrysophyllum oliviforme L., satinleaf Citharexylum fruticosum L., Florida fiddlewood 233 Prunus myrtifolia (L.) Urban, West Indies cherry 183 Clusia rosea Jacq., Florida clusia Pseudophoenix sargentii H Wendl ex Sarg., buccaneer-palm L., cocoplum blackbead 184 Coccoloba diversifolia Jacq., pigeon-plum 234 235 185 Coccoloba uvifera (L.) 236 Psidium longipes (Berg) McVaugh, long-stalk stopper Rapanea punctata (Lam.) Lundell, Florida rapanea 186 Coccothrinax argentata 237 Reynosia septentrionalis Urban, darling-plum 187 Colubrina arbor escens (Mill.) Sarg., coffee colubrina 188 Colubrina cubensis (Jacq.) Brongn., Cuba colubrina 238 239 Roystonea 189 Colubrina elliptica L., seagrape (J acq.) Bailey, Florida silverpalm (Sw.) Briz & Stern, soldierwood Rhizophora mangle L., mangrove elata (Bartr.) F Harper, Florida royalpalm 240 241 Sapindus saponaria 242 Schaefferia frutescens Jacq., Florida-boxwood L., wingleaf soapberry 190 Conocarpus erectus 191 Cordia sebestena 192 Crossopetalum rhacoma Crantz, Florida crossopetalum 243 Schoepfia chrysophylloides (A.Rich.) Planch., graytwig 193 Cupania glabra Sw., Florida cupania 244 194 Dipholis salicifolia (L.) A Simarouba glauca DC, paradise-tree Solanum erianthum D Don, mullein nightshade L., L., button-mangrove Geiger-tree DC, willow Savia bahamensis Britton, maidenbush bustic 245 195 Dodonaea Drypetes diversifolia Krug & Urban, milkbark 246 247 Suriana maritima 196 197 Drypetes lateriflora (Sw.) Krug & Urban, Guiana-plum Tetrazygia bicolor (Mill.) Cogn., Florida tetrazygia 198 Thrinax morrisii H Wendl., key thatchpalm 199 Eugenia axillaris (Sw.) Willd., white stopper Eugenia confusa DC, redberry stopper 248 249 250 Thrinax radiata Lodd ex 200 Eugenia foetida 201 Eugenia rhombea (Berg) Krug & Urban, red stopper Exostema caribaeum (Jacq.) Roem & Schult., princewood 251 202 203 Exothea paniculata 252 Trema micrantha 204 205 Ficus aurea Nutt., Florida strangler 253 206 207 Genipa Ximenia americana L., tallowwood Zanthoxylum coriaceum A Rich., Biscayne prickly-ash Zanthoxylum fagar a (L.) Sarg., lime prickly-ash Zanthoxylum flavum Vahl, West Indies satinwood VI viscosa (L.) Jacq., hopbush Ficus citrifolia Mill., shortleaf inkwood fig fig clusii folia (Jacq.) Griseb., seven-year-apple Guaiacum sanctum L., roughbark lignumvitae baycedar J A & J mahogany H Schult., Florida thatchpalm Pers., boxleaf stopper (Juss.) Radlk., L., Swietenia mahagoni (L ) Jacq., West Indies Trema lamarckiana (Roem & Schult.) Blume, West Indies trema 254 255 256 (L.) Blume, Florida trema ATLAS OF UNITED STATES TREES VOLUME INTRODUCTION FLORIDA the native hardwoods except the genus of hawthorns (Crataegus) There are large maps for 98 species of tropical hardwoods conThis the fifth volume of an Atlas with large is maps showing the natural distribution or range of the native tree species of the con- maps tinental United States In these five volumes, maps The all supplement, will contain an index and small sixth, a tree species than has more native it any other State (except Hawaii!, and because These trees of mostly limited range can be shown better on largemaps "Atlas of United States Trees, Volume and Important Hardwoods" 1971 1, Conifers has an introduction to I Maps demonstrate Assembled in atlas and better than written grow wild and have many obvious uses clearly, graphically, summaries where the trees form for ready reference, these distribution and all others interested available to foresters, botanists, in trees for use without restriction, since U.S Government pub- lications are not copyrighted The native States at tree species are not distributed across the United random, nor are they dispersed equally by other factors All volumes except the Some States first are limited and arranged geographically distribution of Florida trees merits an explanation of 201 native tree species — titles However, Volume con- the native conifers or all softwoods (including the needleleaf and cone-bearing evergreens) and the important hardwoods Coverage partly practical Nearly trees all is Florida — and 55 species of Common for — 13 native conifers hardwoods— are mapped all outside the geographical coverage of is Alaska Trees and and partly botanical now important commercially lumber are represented Sixty-eight species of Florida- Shrubs" ( "Volume Viereck and Little 1975 I , 2, and "Volume 3, Minor Western Hardwoods" (Little 1976) "Volume 4, Minor Eastern Hardwoods" (Little 1977) contains maps of 166 tree species native in the eastern contiguous United States not in Volume For Florida, 91 species are mapped, but the tropical trees confined to South Florida are omitted Also, the genus of hawthorns (Crataegus) has been taxonomic left out because of difficulties "Volume 5, Names and I Florida" has of Maps of 100 species in 262 species on 126 pages, dates in parentheses refer to Selected References, p 20 all "Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands" (Little and Wads- worth 1964) HISTORY OF TREE DISTRIBUTION MAPS The history of tree distribution 1, maps United States has in the while early work by the Forest Service has been reviewed by Little (1951) George B Sudworth, dendrologist, began work with the Division (later Bureau) first of Forestry in 1886 Tree ranges were summarized in the two editions of his "Check List of Forest Trees of the United States, Their 1898, 1927) Soon after establishment of the Forest Service in the United States Department of Agriculture in 1905, Sudworth undertook a project of preparing a distribution map for each native tree North America, exclusive of those occurring wholly in Mexico and minor tropical trees of southern Florida Publication Geographic of these maps was begun under the title "Forest Atlas species of — Distribution of North American Trees." Only "Part I — Pines" (Sudworth 1913) ever appeared Some years later, Munns (1938) published distribution maps of 170 important forest tree species of the United States With minor additions, the worth, who Besides maps were based very largely upon data by Sud- died in 1927 "Volume 2, Alaska Trees and Common Forest Service publications have been devoted to Shrubs." other maps of the trees of a single State In 1941-50, the Forest Survey published distribution maps of commercial forest trees in four Southeastern North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia "The Distribution of Forest Trees in California," by James R Griffin and William B Critchfield (19721 has detailed maps of 86 species of that State States: Mississippi, maps Puerto Rico are best treated separately Names and Ranges" (Sudworth Contents of Volumes 1—4 are indicated by their maps and will be useful to show the entire distribution of same species in other States or beyond "Volume 6, Supplement" will have an index to all maps and also maps of hawthorns (Crataegus) Occurrence merely by States will be shown for 35 species (10 in Florida Text ranges omitted from Volumes and will be added The native tropical trees of Hawaii and the Commonwealth of been reported in Volume tend to occur, however, in similar patterns related to climate and tains have been assembled together However, Puerto Rico based on a forest survey were published in which may be condensed and adapted here the series, maps are (Little for this State it has a large number of tropical species found in no other State scale maps Volumes all the of the remaining genus of hawthorns (Crataegus) Florida merits a separate volume because volume repeats the Florida portions (a few slightly revised) of 170 species from Volumes 1, 3, and (mostly to a page) Thus, of nearly native tree species of the continental United States have been published fined mostly to the southern part (6 also in other States) This COVERAGE OF THIS VOLUME Crataegus uniflora Muenchh., one-flower hawthorn Crataegus viridis Volume "Atlas of United States Trees, Florida" continues the 5, Volumes presentation of Florida species reported in and The Forest Service "Check List of Native and Naturalized Trees of the United States" cluded as reference contains other Common Names, of the scientific names Thus, p common names names of species not found in this volume may be traced and correlated "Tree Names" (page 4) contains several minor changes in nomenclature to be incorporated in the forthcoming revision of the Check The Check List apparently is List the only current compilation of the in this Atlas Obviously, the number the Check List (Little 1953, p 5) is followed and repeated below, Trees are defined as woody plants hav- : ing one erect perennial stem or trunk at least inches (7.5 centi- meters) in diameter at breast height (4.5 feet or 1.3 meters), a more or at least less definitely and 24 families formed crown of foliage, and a height of is shown by distributed totals among add 71 mostly mapped to the Florida trees in previous volumes Largest genera of Florida trees, as summarized in Volume 5, are: oak (Quercus), 19 species; holly (Ilex), 12; hawthorn (Crataegus), 10; pine (Pinus), 7; hickory (Carya), magnolia (Magnolia), and cherry —plum (Prunus), each; and maple (Acer), common South Florida are omitted because they are naturalized, rather than native Examples are: Cocos nucijera L., coconut; Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S T in Blake, cajeput-tree; and Psidium guajava L., guava more Florida possesses species of native trees than State of the continental United States Texas, plants also grow, with insertion of approximate metric equivalents (and slight increase in height to agree) tropical genera of tree species in- cluded here depends somewhat upon the definition used That of They are 75 genera and 38 plant families These Several tropical species native woody-plant species that reach tree size and that should be mapped richness of the tropical flora of South Florida The in 451-472) and current synonyms green hawthorn the 98 tropical species with large maps in- accepted scientific names, and their approved common names That use (Index of 1953) serves as a basis for the species (Little trees, their L., any other where subtropical second with about 220 tree species (also about is 15 of hawthorn, Crataegus) However, Hawaii, the 50th State, has more than 300 species of native tropical trees (about 370 have been named) Approximately 540 are found in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 13 feet (4 meters) Species whose individuals sometimes reach the above dimensions somewhere within their natural range in the continental United States have been included in this Atlas as well as in the Some shrubby Check The maps species attain tree size southward Their inclusion has increased the scope of this reference and number of maps The PREPARATION OF THE MAPS List trees of this volume are classed as gymnosperms, composed of plants with naked seeds and without true flowers, and angio- sperms, or flowering plants Conifers or cone-bearing plants, also as softwoods, include the needleleaf evergreens this volume have been compiled from various Principal records on tree distribution include publications, her- barium specimens, The more known and belong in sources, following the procedure explained in the first volume to field work, and review by local specialists detailed publications with information about tree dis- tribution in Florida are listed under Selected References (p 20) the gymnosperms Examples are Most of Florida's tree species of angiosperms are hardwoods, They are classed as dicotyledons, flowering plants with trunks of bark and wood, usually hard, which increases in thickness by annual growth rings Also included in this volume are monocotyledons, flowering plants whose trunks are not divided into bark and wood and whose less compact woody tissue does not increase in thickness by growth rings Examples are species of yucca, Yucca, and of palms The native trees of Florida (excluding hawthorn, Crataegus) mapped in this volume total 262 species in 147 genera and 63 graphs, some with maps plant families They may be grouped further species in genera The classic contains important locality records Though more than one-fourth maps of tions with distribution of the States all Florida has not been so covered previously begun a now have publica- or most native tree species, Ward (1963) has series of contributions to the flora of Florida with species maps of distribution by counties, the first on the genus Pinus John Kunkel Small (1869-1938) prepared many publications with distribution notes based upon his extensive field work in Florida, especially the southern part with its tropical flora He 13 wrote handbooks of Florida trees and shrubs (Small 1913c, 1913d, and families; monocotyledons, 11 species in 1917), local floras of the Florida Keys and Miami (Small 1913a, into conifers, genera and families; and dicotyledons, 238 species in 134 genera and 57 families A botanical index of genera and families appeared in the Check List The 10 Florida and taxonomic monoManual by Sargent (1926) tree guides, floras, manuals, (Little 1953, p 445-450) hawthorn (Crataegus) listed below increase the State total to about 272 tree species (However, Kurz and Godfrey (1962) described and illustrated 18 species of Crataegus species of in northern Florida.) , and manuals of the flora of the Southeastern United States (Small 1903, 1933) The current reference on is by West Kurz and Godfrey (1962) described the trees of nothern Florida, and Craighead (1971) issued the first volume of his work on the trees of South Florida and Arnold (1956), first the native trees of Florida issued in 1946 Stevenson (1969) prepared a concise guide to the trees of Ever- Crataegus aestivalis (Walt.) Torr & Gray, May hawthorn Crataegus crus-galli L., cockspur hawthorn Crataegus flava Ait., yellow hawthorn Crataegus lacrimata Small, Pensacola hawthorn Crataegus marshallii Eggl., parsley hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum (L f.) Medic, Washington hawthorn Crataegus pulcherrima Ashe, beautiful hawthorn Crataegus spathulata Michx., 1913b) littlehip hawthorn glades National Park and the Florida Keys, with small general maps Earlier, Buswell (1945, 1946) wrote bulletins on the native trees and shrubs of South Florida The descriptive manual of the seed plants of southern peninsular Florida by ( Long and Lakela 1971 ) contains brief notes on ranges Additional distribution records have been contributed by local example, the Tampa Bay area by Lakela et al (1976), Alachua County by Murrill (1937, 1939), and the three southernfloras, for most counties by Lakela and Craighead (1965) Islands with published plant lists include the Sand Keys (Millspaugh 1907), Key West (Melvill 1884 Big Pine Key and surrounding keys (Dickson, Woodbury, and Taylor 1953), Sanibel Island (Cooley 1955), and St Vincent Island (McAtee 1913) One , of the most detailed sources of information for tree distri- bution in southern peninsular Florida Alexander and Crook ( 1975 ) the recent report by is of 100 lists in., The base map dard parallels from Lake Okeechobee southward Herbarium specimens have been an important source for the preparation of the Florida maps, as for other volumes The com- longitude herbaria within the State copy to records from unpublished locality These are the University of Florida labels maps and specimen Florida at In this Atlas volume, the has been the vegetation of vegetation boundaries main source map of Florida by Davis maps were Vegetation by A W useful (1967) Other Kiichler, National Atlas Sheet No 90 (U.S Geological Survey 1970), and Forest Types, As was reduced and adapted slightly for inclusion in the first volume as overlay map 9, Major Forest Types That overlay can be adapted also for the 164 species maps of the same scale in this Atlas volume These maps have been prepared through the years along with other work by the compiler and an assistant The tropical species, not covered in early Forest Service maps, were added in 1962 maps and could be traced if necessary However, detailed record- made by computers) would have added greatly to the time and cost of preparation without increasing the accuracy and would have delayed publication The compiler's field work in Florida those began with studies of the trees of the Miami area in September Key 1950, the pines in January 1951, and the trees of Big Pine in For assistance in preparing and drafting maps, credit is due Barbara H Honkala, research botanist, who also made the cover design Many maps were many persons Special acknowledgment the scale is to a page, are of the tropical hardwoods, show distribution in greater detail, for example, The scale is roughly :4,000,000, about 63 (40 km to cm) as large, in order to in the Florida Keys Each in species has only mapped map Range outside of Florida volume, though expressed in in this charted previously, Volumes maps and show entire ranges on base North America How- ever, occurrence of tropical trees outside the United States has not been plotted List of Maps cites the (p iv) the 262 tree species Index of number and order Common Names and of maps of Index of Scienti- Names follow the maps The latest known range of each species is summarized also in text under Species Maps and Ranges (p 6) Both the distribution fic within Florida and the entire natural range are cited Forest Service Check Lists contain The natural summaries of range in this Atlas, is the geographical area any and all varieties, plotted separately, is also distribution or range of a tree species, as is where the mapped species, including native or wild Varieties have not been and hybrids are omitted The distribution of the native tree species of the United States mapped as of the present time, exclusive of changes caused directly or indirectly by Europeans However, where modifications have occurred, the distribution is intended to be before Columbus, some tree species with may have been spread by American Indians useful products These maps not show where a species grows outside the by mankind, whether planted, escaped, adventive or naturalized Records of planted or introduced trees outside the continuous Black, Frank C Craighead, Sr., John Popenoe, cultivation have been omitted Also excluded are naturalized trees, is responsible for all those introduced outside their natural range and thoroughly established errors and reproducing Volume follow the general plan of previous volumes, from which this explanation is adapted Page size as in the future, successful introductions EXPLANATION OF THE MAPS of not is For the species text of the United States and, as needed, of Perhaps maps can be adapted, as noted previously natural ranges have not knowingly been mapped Reports of trees Naturally the compiler Species unchanged, these maps can be compared readily planted for forestry, shade, or other purposes and of escapes from William B Robertson, Roy Woodbury, and Richard P Wunderlin is George of tropical species: Taylor R Alexander, Daniel F Austin, W from that of the review of the large maps to the following for their careful N Avery, David and natural range after having been introduced directly or indirectly drafted by Charles F Tyson Valuable assistance, particularly in reviewing the preliminary maps, was contributed by made differs slightly or pre-Columbian In Florida September 1952 latitude mostly in South Florida These 98 new maps are about 2.5 times Sources of most locality records were indicated on the working keeping and reproduction of numerous dots on most maps (such as mark inch equals approximately 158 miles and centi- Maps Nos 159-256, National Atlas Sheet No 182, prepared by the Forest Service The last stan- with those of previous volumes Also, the transparent overlays and landforms along borders of ranges — State alone miles to lines Equal Area Projection 45 1/2°- Lines show State and county from the corner of the larger map records have been very useful in location of for the contiguous United States, meter, 100 kilometers Naturally, this projection of Florida taken from Volume of vegetation, forest types, topography, same the 29%° and One Tampa, and University of Miami at Coral Gables For the published flora the detailed maps at the University of South Florida based upon large collections in the southern part of the State were very helpful Credit is due all curators for the privilege of consulting the herbaria and for their cooperation in supplying these Maps is boundaries, and crosses at 5-degree intervals at Gainesville, Florida State University at Tallahassee, University of South in scale 1:10,000.000, Albers Conical quadrats, each square mile in area, dispersed through counties piler twice visited four large university same as the for the State of Florida are of Their South Florida ecological study financed by the National Park Service contains plant 11% Volumes 2-A However, species maps two sizes and are arranged in three groups, each in alphabetical order by scientific name Maps Nos 1-13 are of the 13 conifers, and Nos 14—158.6 are of the 151 temperate hardwoods Florida maps of these 164 species are reproduced from portions of maps in Volumes and on the same scale, to a page by is 1/£ though native maps adding beyond forest plantations or other the original occurrence may merit compilation In the meantime, maps of Plant Hardiness Zones may when planted out- suggest roughly where a species would be hardy side its natural range General Map No serves for Florida The map Arboretum for the contiguous United States (U.S National 1965) was reproduced as overlay of Volume Natural geographic distribution of each species brown-shaded pattern of fine dots chinkapin oak, low but rarely is shown as a on the black-and-white base map must be enlarged to a dot, representing on a map Width of strips, such as along coasts, has been broadened slightly A few localities beyond the main range, where a species is known to have occurred with only a few trees, several miles in diameter, to be visible naturally within historic times but is now extinct, are designated by X- Arrows have been added to direct attention to isolated dots Presence or absence is shown, but not abundance or density Commercial range, formerly indicated on some old maps, is not Sambucus canadensis maps not indicate forest types, or forest cover which types, are shown in overlay 9, Major Forest Types, in Volume species are not confined to a single forest type and have Most tree ranges somewhat beyond However, many species are characteristic of and largely within certain broad types The comprehensive species classification of forest cover types prepared American Foresters (1954) A elder, includes S simpsonii American L., Sapindus saponaria L., wingleaf soapberry, Florida including Florida Keys and southeastern Georgia, apparently introduced northward, has as a synonym S marginatum Willd., Florida soapberry Tilia caroliniana Mill., basswood, Carolina includes as a synonym T floridana Small, Florida basswood The remaining changes below concern Florida trees mostly not represented in previous volumes of the Atlas Two species of Acacia have been discovered additional on the Florida Keys, where they are very rare Eighteen other changes involve adoption of designated The omitted here as a clump-forming shrub, usually Rehd., Florida elder Outlying stations or outliers are shown similarly by large or small dots according to size However, the smallest areas, such as a grove is treelike lists by the Society of become Examples in as varieties or Acacia choriophylla Benth., cinnecord, One found tree may have been (Alexander 1968) Another was located is added as a very rare 1967 on northern Key Largo in destroyed by a fire in 1975 in 1977 Acacia macracantha Humb & Bonpl ex Willd., long-spine acacia, in- so thoroughly naturalized that the limits of their original ranges are in doubt names or segregates and union of names native tree species but lacks maps few tree species have spread widely by planting or other troductions and have older synonyms South Florida are Solanum erianthum, mullein nightshade, and Cordia is added as a native tree Fifteen plants, apparently native, were found on Ramrod Key (near Big Pine Key) Very rare and also in cultivation persistent and escaping sebestena, Geiger-tree Acoelorrhaphe wrightii in 1963 (Ward 1967) as an ornamental and apparently & H Wendl.) (Griseb H Wendl., paurotis or paurotis-palm, replaces Paurotis wrightii (Griseb & H Wendl.) Britton TREE NAMES and common names follow the Forest Service Check 1953), except for minor revision of nomenclature Scientific List (Little Differences in scientific names, including a few deletions, are given below, the accepted The first ranges in Florida are affected The of an older specific name ing tree name cited 11 changes below are repeated from The third first is Amphitecna revoluta H.B.K first 4, Cereus robinii (Lem because involve the substitution an addition of a shrub reach- (typical), of L., black-mangrove, replaces A nitida Colubrina Sabal minor (Jacq.) Pers., dwarf palmetto, formerly omitted as a shrub, includes louisiana (Darby) Bomhard, Louisiana palapplied to plants with trunks Styrax americana Lam., American snowbell, becomes a small The next names involve omission or deletion, mostly through union of species The second of species, both accepted in the 1953 Check List, has been united and reduced to a synonym or Cyrilla key tree-cactus, with varieties Lower Florida Keys, replaces Cephalocereus keyensis racemiflora elliptica (Sw.) Briz Eugenia foetida Pers., boxleaf stopper, replaces E myrtoides Poir., as well as E buxifolia (Sw.) synonym is swamp cyrilla, has Raf., littleleaf cyrilla, Osmanthus americanus (L.) Benth & Hook, as varieties A fig, is an older name for F or Guapira discolor (Spreng.) and C arida Small, f., homonym laevigata Vahl Florida cyrilla a variety O americanus var megacarpus Willd., a later E anthera Small, Smalls eugenia Ficus citrifolia Mill., shortleaf L., & Stern, soldierwood, of Upper Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq., hopbush, of Florida including Lower Florida Keys, also southern Arizona, has D microcarpa Small as a synonym of a variety first synonyms C parvifolia Deering tree-cactus, of Florida Keys, replaces C reclinata (L'Her.) Brongn tree variety of the L Benson, Upper Florida Keys, replaces Cephalocereus deeringii Small Jacq name ) replaces species of Cephalocereus Var robinii, key tree-cactus Britton Var deeringii (Small) L Benson, size Avicennia germinans (L.) metto, a A H Gentry, black-calabash, re- Bourreria radula (Poir.) G Don, rough strongbark replaces B additions and Volume (Mill.) latifolia places Enallagma latifolia (Mill.) Small devilwood, has as (Small) P S Green Little, longleaf blolly, includes as synonyms these variations based upon leaf shape and size: Torrubia bracei Britton, T globosa Small, and T longifolia (Heimerl) Britton Lysiloma latisiliquum (L.) Benth., Bahama lysiloma, replaces {O megacarpus (Small) Small), bigfruit osmanthus, of Florida L bahamense Benth Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng., redbay, includes as a variety P bordonia var humilis (Nash) Kopp {P humilis Nash), silkbay, and as a synonym P littoralis Small, shorebay, both of Florida places Achras emarginata (L.) Little Quercus prinoides Willd., dwarf chinkapin oak, which also has been united to include as a variety Q muehlenbergii Engelm., replaces Sideroxylon foetidissimum Jacq Manilkara bahamensis (Baker) Mastichodendron foetidissimum Lam & (Jacq.) Meeuse, wild-dilly, re- Cronq., false-mastic, — Map 246 Suriana maritima L., baycedar Map 24,7.—Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq., West Indies mahogany Map 24S.~Tetrazygia bicolor (Mill.) Cogn., Florida tetrazygia Map 249.— Thrinax morrisii H Wendl., key thatchpalm Map 250.-Thrinax radiata Lodd ex J A & J H Schult., Florida thatchpalm Map 251.-7Vema famarcfcana (Roem & Schult.) Blume, West Indies trema Map 252.— Trema micrantha (L.) Blume, Florida trema Map 253 Ximenia americana L., tallowwood Map 254.—Zanthoxylum coriaceum A Rich., Biscayne prickly-ash Map 255.—Zanthoxylum fagara (L.) Sarg., lime prickly-ash Map 256.—Zanthoxylum flavum Vahl, West Indies satinwood INDEX OF COMMON NAMES Numbers acacia, long-spine, 160 alder, hazel, 20 alvaradoa, Mexican, 162 74 anise-tree, Florida, anise-tree, yellow, 75 87 apple, southern crab, clusia, Florida, refer to maps holly, 183 tawnyberry, 216 cocoplum, 180 honeylocust, 59 colubrina, coffee, 187 hopbush, 195 colubrina, Cuba, 188 hophornbeam, coralbean, southeastern, 50 hoptree, corkwood, 78 hornbeam, American, 29 eastern, 96 common, 109 215 ash, Carolina, 55 cottonwood, eastern, 102 hypelate, ash, green, 56 cottonwood, swamp, 103 inkwood, 203 crossopetalum, Florida, 192 joewood, 217 ash, white, 54 cucumbertree, 82 laurelcherry, Carolina, 106 baccharis, eastern, 24 cupania, Florida, 193 leadwood, 218 baldcypress, 11 licaria, Florida, bayberry, evergreen, 90 swamp, 48 dahoon, 66 dahoon, myrtle, 70 darling-plum, 237 bayberry, odorless, 91 devils-walkingstick, 22 lyonia, tree, 81 bayberry, southern, 89 devilwood, 95 baycedar, 246 dogwood, beech, American, 51 dogwood, flowering, 47 dogwood, swamp, 158.6 ash, pumpkin, 57 cyrilla, basswood, Carolina, 145 basswood, white, 146 birch, river, 25 bitterbush, 228 elder, lidflower, pale, lignumvitae, roughbark, 207 loblolly-bay, lysiloma, alternate-leaf, 220 174 46 60 Bahama, 221 magnolia, Ashe, 83 magnolia, pyramid, 85 magnolia, southern, 84 American, 137 magnolia, umbrella, 158.4 blackbead, catclaw, 232 elm, American, 149 mahogany, West blackbead, Guadeloupe, 231 elm, cedar, 150 maidenbush, 241 black-calabash, 163 elm, slippery, 151 manchineel, 214 blackhaw, rusty, 155 elm, winged, 148 mangrove, 238 black-mangrove, 168 falsebox, 211 maple, chalk, 15 bladdernut, American, 140 blolly, 208 false-mastic, 223 Indies, maple, Florida, 14 fiddlewood, Florida, 182 maple, red, 17 boxelder, 16 fig, Florida strangler, 204 buccaneer-palm, 234 fig, shortleaf, buckeye, red, 19 fishpoison-tree, Florida, buckthorn, Carolina, 129 Florida-boxwood, 242 milkbark, 196 buckwheat-tree, 45 Florida-privet, 53 mountain-laurel, 77 bumelia, buckthorn, 27 fringetree, bumelia, gum, 26 gallberry, large, 67 myrtle-of-the-river, 175 bumelia, tough, 28 Geiger-tree, 191 nectandra, Florida, 227 burningbush, eastern, 158.3 graytwig, 243 nightshade, mullein, 245 Guiana-plum, 197 oak, Arkansas, 111 buttonbush, 42 gumbo-lumbo, 172 oak, black, 127 button-mangrove, 190 hackberry, Georgia, 41 oak, blackjack, 119 byrsonima, key, 173 Hercules-club, 158 oak, bluejack, 115 hickory, bitternut, 31 oak, caper, Jamaica, 177 hickory, mockernut, 35 oak, chinkapin, 124 caper, limber, 178 hickory, pignut, 33 oak, Durand, 113 bustic, willow, canella, 194 176 catalpa, southern, 39 cherry, black, 107 cherry, West Indies, 233 205 44 maple, silver, 18 marlberry, 167 229 mayten, Florida, 224 mulberry, red, 88 Chapman, 112 hickory, sand, 34 oak, laurel, 117 hickory, scrub, 32 oak, live, 128 hickory, water, 30 oak, myrtle, 121 chestnut, American, 37 holly, chinkapin, Allegheny, 38 holly, Carolina, chinkapin, Florida, 36 holly, Georgia, 158.2 oak, cinnecord, 159 holly, sarvis, 158.1 oak, southern red, 114 American, 71 65 oak, overcup, 118 oak, post, 126 Shumard, 125 247 oak swamp chestnut, 120 oak, turkey, 116 common, 144 redcedar, eastern, sweetleaf, redcedar, southern, sycamore, 101 oak, water, 122 royalpalm, Florida, 239 tallowwood, 253 oak, white, 110 saffron-plum, 171 tetrazygia, Florida, oak, willow, 123 satinleaf, 248 thatchpalm, Florida, 250 181 thatchpalm, key, 249 oysterwood, 212 satinwood, West Indies, 256 palmetto, cabbage, 133 sassafras palmetto, dwarf, 132 saw-palmetto, 139 torchwood, balsam, 164 213 seagrape, 185 torreya, Florida, 13 paradise-tree, 244 torchwood, 165 138 scarletbush, paurotis-palm, 161 tree-cactus, key, downy, 21 pawpaw, 23 pawpaw, smallflower, 158.5 persimmon, common, 49 serviceberry, pigeon-plum, 184 silverbell, little, pinckneya, 99 silverbell, pine, loblolly, 10 silverpalm, Florida, 186 pine, longleaf, snowbell, American, 142 pine, pond, snowbell, bigleaf, 143 pine, sand, seven-year-apple, 206 silverbell, Carolina, 61 63 179 trema, Florida, 252 trema, West Indies, 251 tupelo, black; blackgum, two-wing, 62 tupelo, water, 92 velvetseed, elliptic-leaf, velvetseed, roughleaf, soapberry, wingleaf, 240 210 viburnum, possumhaw, 153 walnut, black, 76 pine, slash, sourwood, 97 pine, spruce, sparkleberry, tree, 152 waterlocust, 58 stewartia, Virginia, 141 white-cedar, Atlantic, pisonia, 230 planertree, 100 stopper, boxleaf, 200 white-mangrove, 219 plum American, 104 stopper, long-stalk, 135 wild-dilly, plum Chickasaw, 105 stopper, red, 201 willow, black, 136 plum, flatwoods, 108 stopper, redberry, 199 poison-sumac, 147 stopper, twinberry, poisontree, Florida, 225 stopper, white, 198 pond-apple, 166 strongbark, Bahama, 169 possumhaw, 68 prickly-ash, lime, 226 222 willow, Coastal Plain, 134 willow, Florida, 135 winterberry, common, 72 winterberry, mountain, 69 strongbark, rough, 170 prickly-ash, Biscayne, 255 254 209 viburnum, Walter, 154 soldierwood, 189 pine, shortleaf, 94 tupelo, Ogeechee, 93 sugarberry, 40 sumac, shining, 130 witch-hazel, 64 yaupon, 73 yellow-poplar, 80 princewood, 202 sumac, smooth, 131 rapanea, Florida 236 swamp-privet, 52 yew, Florida, 12 redbay, 98 sweetbay, 86 yucca, aloe, 156 redbud, eastern, 43 sweetgum, 79 yucca, moundlily, 157 INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES Numbers refer to maps Guettarda scabra, 210 Acacia choriophylla, 159 Cereus robinii, 179 Acacia macracantha, 160 Chamaecyparis thyoides, Acer barbatum, 14 Chionanthus virginicus, 44 Gymnanthes Acer leucoderme, 15 Chrysobalanus icaco, 180 Halesia Carolina, 61 Acer negundo, 16 Chrysophyllum oliviforme, 181 Halesia diptera, 62 Halesia parviflora, 63 Gyminda Acer rubrum, 17 Citharexylum fruticosum, 182 Acer saccharinum, 18 Cliftonia monophylla, Acoelorrhaphe wrightii, 161 Clusia rosea, 183 45 latifolia, 211 212 lucida, Aesculus pavia, 19 Coccoloba diversifolia, 184 Hamamelis virginiana, 64 Hamelia patens, 213 Hippomane mancinella, 214 Alnus serrulata, 20 Coccoloba uvifera, 185 Hypelate Alvaradoa amorphoides, 162 Coccothrinax argentata, 186 //ex Amelanchier arborea, 21 Colubrina arborescens, 187 //ex amelanchier, 158.1 Amphitecna latifolia, 163 Amyris balsamifera, 164 Amyris elemifera, 165 Colubrina cubensis, 188 Annona Cordia sebestena, 191 glabra, 166 Colubrina elliptica, trifoliata, //ex cassine, 189 Conocarpus erectus, 190 66 //ex coriacea, 67 //ex decidua, 68 //ex krugiana, 46 215 ambigua, 65 216 Aralia spinosa, 22 Cornus Ardisia escallonioides, 167 Cornus florida, 47 Cornus stricta, 158.6 //ex myrtifolia, Crossopetalum rhacoma, 192 //ex opaca, 71 Avicennia germinans, 168 Cupania glabra, 193 //ex verticillata, 72 Baccharis halimifolia, 24 Cyrilla racemiflora, Betula nigra, 25 Diospyros virginiana, 49 Illicium floridanum, Bourreria ovata, 169 Dipholis salicifolia, 194 Illicium parviflorum, 75 Bourreria radula, 170 Dodonaea Jacquinia keyensis, 217 Bumelia Drypetes diversifolia, 196 Juglans nigra, 76 Bumelia lanuginosa, 26 Bumelia lycioides, 27 Drypetes Juniperus Bumelia tenax, 28 Eugenia Bursera simaruba, 172 Eugenia confusa, 199 Eugenia foetida, 200 Asimina parviflora, 158.5 Asimina triloba, 23 celastrina, Byrsonima 171 lucida, 173 alternifolia, //ex longipes, 158.2 //ex 48 197 Erythrina herbacea, 50 axillaris, 70 //ex vomitoria, 73 viscosa, 195 lateriflora, montana, 69 silicicola, 74 Juniperus virginiana, 198 Kalmia latifolia, 77 Krugiodendron ferreum, 218 Laguncularia racemosa, 219 Calyptranthes pallens, 174 Eugenia rhombea, 201 Calyptranthes zuzygium, 175 Euonymus atropurpureus, Canella winter ana, 176 Liriodendron tulipifera, 80 Capparis flexuosa, 178 Exostema caribaeum, 202 Exothea paniculata, 203 Fagus grandifolia, 51 Carpinus caroliniana, 29 Ficus aurea, 204 Lysiloma latisiliquum, 221 Carya aquatica, 30 Carya cordiformis, 31 Carya floridana, 32 Ficus citrifolia, 205 Magnolia acuminata, 82 Forestiera acuminata, 52 Magnolia Furestiera segregata, 53 Magnolia grandiflora, 84 Magnolia pyramidata, 85 Capparis cynophallophora, 111 Carya glabra, 33 Carya pallida, 34 Carya tomentosa, 35 Castanea alnifolia, 36 Castanea dentata, 37 Castanea pumila, 38 Catalpa bignonioides, 39 Celtis laevigata, Celtis tenuifolia, 40 41 Cephalanthus occidentalis, 42 Cercis canadensis, 43 Leitneria floridana, 78 158.3 Fraxinus americana, 54 Fraxinus caroliniana, 55 Fraxinus pennsylvanica, 56 Fraxinus profunda, 57 Genipa 206 Gleditsia aquatica, 58 Gleditsia triacanthos, 59 Gordonia lasianthus, 60 Guaiacum sanctum, 207 Guapira discolor, 208 Guettarda elliptica, 209 clusiifolia, Licaria triandra, 220 Liquidambar styraciflua, 79 Lyonia ferruginea, 81 Magnolia ashei, 83 tripetala, 158.4 Magnolia virginiana, 86 Malus angustifolia, 87 Manilkara bahamensis, 222 Mastichodendron foetidissimum, 223 Maytenus phyllanthoides, 224 Metopium toxiferum, 225 Morus rubra, 88 Myrcianthes fragrans, 226 Myrica cerifera, 89 Myrica heterophylla, 90 Myrica inodora, 91 Nectandra coriacea, 227 Nyssa aquatica, 92 Quercus chapmanii, 112 Simarouba glauca, 244 Solanum erianthum, 245 Quercus durandii, 113 Staphylea Quercus Stewartia malacodendron, 141 Quercus arkansana, 111 falcata, 14 140 trifolia, Nyssa ogeche, 93 Quercus incana, 115 Styrax americana, 142 Nyssa Quercus laevis, Styrax grandifolia, 143 Quercus laurifolia, Quercus lyrata, sylvatica, 94 116 Osmanthus americanus, 95 Ostrya virginiana, 96 Oxydendrum arbor eum, 97 Quercus marilandica, 119 Symplocos Persea borbonia, 98 Quercus michauxii, 120 Taxodium distichum, 11 Picramnia pentandra, 228 Pinckneya pubens, 99 Quercus muehlenbergii, 124 Taxus floridana, 12 Quercus myrtifolia, 121 Tetrazygia bicolor, 248 117 118 Suriana maritima, 246 Swietenia mahagoni, 247 tinctoria, 144 Pinus clausa, Quercus nigra, 122 Thrinax morrisii, 249 Pinus echinata, Pinus elliottii, Quercus phellos, 123 Thrinax radiata, 250 Quercus shumardii, 125 Pinus glabra, Quercus Pinus palustris, Quercus velutina, 127 126 stellata, 77/ia caroliniana, 145 77/ia heterophylla, Torreya taxifolia, 146 13 Pinus serotina, Quercus virginiana, 128 Pinus taeda, 10 Rapanea punctata, 236 229 Pisonia rotundata, 230 Reynosia septentrionalis, 237 Rhamnus Pithecellobium guadalupense, 231 Rhizophora mangle, 238 Pithecellobium unguis-cati, 232 /?/ius copallina, Planera aquatica, 100 /?/i«s glabra, Platanus occidentalis, 101 Roystonea Populus deltoides, 102 Sabal minor, 132 V accinium Populus heterophylla, 103 Sabal palmetto, 133 Viburnum nudum, 153 Prunus americana, 104 Prunus angustifolia, 105 Set/i* floridana, Prunus caroliniana, 106 Prunus myrtifolia, 233 Sambucus canadensis, 137 Piscidia piscipula, caroliniana, 129 130 Trema lamarckiana, 251 Trema micrantha, 252 Ulmus 239 Sa/wc caroliniana, 134 135 5a/tx nigra, 136 alata, 148 Ulmus americana, 149 Ulmus 131 elata, Toxicodendron vernix, 147 crassifolia, 150 Ulmus rubra, 151 arbor eum, 152 Viburnum obovatum, 154 Viburnum rufidulum, 155 Ximenia americana, 253 Yucca aloifolia, 156 Prunus serotina, 107 Prunus umbellata, 108 Sapindus saponaria, 240 Pseudophoenix sargentii, 234 Psidium longipes, 235 Savia bahamensis, 241 Zanthoxylum Schaefferia frutescens, 242 Zanthoxylum coriaceum, 254 Ptelea trifoliata, 109 Schoepfia chrysophylloides, 243 Zanthoxylum fagara, 255 Quercus alba, 110 Serenoa repens, 139 Zanthoxylum flavum, 256 Sassafras albidum, 138 Yucca gloriosa, 157 clava-herculis, 158 ... Zurich 94 -51 , Ser No 94-A, 200 p United States 1967 Acacia macracantha, a tree plant species of the United States presented to the Congress of the United States of 19 75 Atlas of (maps) (First of a... the volumes contain 1,2 05 maps, or 1,069 pages of maps, including 50 base and general maps and 173 showing the "Volume STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF THE ATLAS "Atlas of United States Trees" in volumes... also in other States) This COVERAGE OF THIS VOLUME Crataegus uniflora Muenchh., one-flower hawthorn Crataegus viridis Volume "Atlas of United States Trees, Florida" continues the 5, Volumes presentation
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