Bulletins of American paleontology (Bull. Am. paleontol.) Vol 356

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Begun NUMBER in 1895 ^^^^^ MARCH 356 Neogene Paleontology Part 11 in the Northern Dominican Republic 19 The family Faviidae (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) The genera Caulastraea, Favia, Diploria, Thysanus, Hadrophyllia, Manicina, and Colpophyllia by Ann F Budd and Kenneth G Johnson Paleontological Research Institution 1259 Trumansburg Road New York, 14850 U.S.A Ithaca, 4, 1999 PALEONTOLOGICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTION Officers Shirley K Egan John C Steinmetz Thomas E Whiteley Henry W Theisen President First Vice-President Second Vice-President Secretary Treasurer Director Howard P Hartnett Warren D Allmon Trustees Carlton E Brett William L Crepet J Thomas Dutro, Jr Shirley K Egan Howard P Hartnett Mary M Shuford Constance M Soja Harry G Lee Gregory P Wahlman Thomas E Whiteley Amy McCune R Megan John C Steinmetz Peter B Stifel Henry W Theisen D Shay Trustees Emeritus Harry A Lefftngwell Robert M Linsley Samuel T Pees Edward B Picou, Jr James E Sorauf Raymond Van Houtte William P S Ventress BULLETINS OF AMERICAN PALEONTOLOGY and PALAEONTOGRAPHICA AMERICANA Warren D Allmon Editor Reviewers for JoRN Geister this issue Stephen Cairns A list of titles in both series, and available numbers and volumes may be had on request Volumes 1-23 of Bulletins of American Paleontology are available from Periodicals Service Company, Main St., Germantown, New York 12526 USA Volume of Palaeontographica Americana has been reprinted by Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003 USA Subscriptions to Bulletins of American Paleontology are available for US $150 per year (individual or institution) plus postage Issues are available and priced dividually Numbers of Palaeontographica Americana are priced individually in- for additional information, write or call: Paleontological Research Institution 1259 Trumansburg Road Ithaca NY 14850 USA (607) 273-6623 FAX (607) 273-6620 www.englib.corneIl.edu/pri @ This paper meets the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (Permanence of Paper) 3u(Qtms of toic^ Begun NUMBER in 1895 MARCH 356 Neogene Paleontology in the Northern Dominican Republic The family Faviidae (Anthozoa: Part II 19 Scleractinia) The Genera Caulastraea, Favia, Diploria, Thysanus, Hadrophyllia, Manicina, and Colpophyllia by Ann F Budd and Kenneth G Johnson Paleontological Research Institution 1259 Trumansburg Road New York, 14850 U.S.A Ithaca, 4, 1999 ISSN ()()()7-5779 ISBN 0-87710-446-8 Lihniry nf Coiii^riwx Ciilalon Curd Niimhfr: This publication is supported y7-7.')7()7 in part by a Corporate Membership from Exxon Exploration Company Note: Beginning with this issue (number 356), Bulletins of American Paleontology will no longer designate volumes The journal will continue to publish approximately 2-4 issues per year, each of which will continue to be individually numbered Printed in the United States of America Allen Press, Inc Lawrence, KS 66(M4 U.S.A CONTENTS Page Abstract Resumen Introduction fi Acknowledgments 10 Abbreviations of Repository Institutions 12 Previous Work 12 Cibao Valley Occurrences and Preliniinury Paleoecological Interpretations Taxonomic Methods 12 16 Species Recognition 16 Phaceloid colony forms 16 Plocoid colony forms 18 Flabelloid colony forms 14 Mcandroid colony forms Genus Recognition 23 30 Determination of stratigraphic ranges 34 Systematic Paleontology 37 37 Introduction Family Faviidac Gregory, 1900 38 Genus CauUisinwa Dana 1846 38 Caulastraea portoricensis (Coryell /(( 38 Coryell and Ohlsen 1929) Genus Favia Oken 1815 Favia clominicensis Vaughan in Vaughan and Hollineister, 192S Favia new species aff doininiccusis Vaughan in Vaughan and Hoffmeister 1925 Favia vokesae new species Favia maoailenlrcnsis new species Genus Diploria Milne Edwards and Haime 1848 Diploria zamhensis, new Genus Thyxanus Duncan, 39 ^9 40 40 41 41 42 42 43 43 44 44 45 45 46 46 47 47 48 49 49 49 species 863 Thysanus vorhicnia Duncan, 1863 Thysanus e\cenlriiii\ Dimcan 1863 Thysanus naviciila (Duncan, 1864), new combination Genus Hadrophyllia, new genus Hadrophyllia saundersi new species Genus Manicina Ehrenberg, 834 Manicina i^eixteri new species Manicina f^randis (Duncan, 1864), new combination Manicina jiini^i, new species Manicina pliocenica Gane, 895 Manicina punla)>ordensis Weisbord, 1968, new rank Manicina new species aff mayori Wells, 1936 Genus Calpoplnllia Milne Edwards and Hainie, 1848 1 Colpoplixllia nalans (Houttuyn, 1772) Appendix — List of all NMB specimens from the Dominican Republic that are treated in this monograph 51 References Cited 54 Plates 58 79 Index LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Page Text-hgure Scanning electron micrographs showing the differences Schematic drawings of vertical cuts through calices which compare Map showing the location of the river sections sampled Columnar Columnar in septal teeth among septal the families Faviidac, Meandrinidac, and Mussidac Gurabo showing the occurrences of species treated in lliis monograph section of Rfo Cana showing the occurrences of species treated in this monograph Biplot of principal component (PC) scores for Caiilaslracii Scanning electron micrographs of two species belonging to different scleractinian families, but having 13 section of Rfo A Favia lrai;iim B Diihococnia stokcsi lobes and paliform lobes 14 15 17 similar plocoid colony forms, 20 10 I Diagram showing measurements made on specimens with bidirectional flabelloid colonies Average linkage cluster analysis dendrogram for all bidirectional flabelloid colonies Average linkage cluster analysis dendrogram for a subset of bidirectional flabelloid colonies having small to intermediate corallite sizes and intermediate to high numbers of major septa Plots of scores on the first three canonical variables in the final canonical discriminant analysis distinguishing species with bidirectional 20 flabelloid colonies 22 Box 12 plots showing medians, first and third quartiles, 2.1 two species (Manicina grandis, Placocyathus variabilis) belonging to different scleractinian families, but having 13 Calical surfaces of 14 Transverse thin sections showing diagnostic characteristics of three meandroid genera of the family Faviidae of the Caribbean region A B, Colpophyllia natans C Diploria labyrinthiformis D, Manicina areolata 15 Calical surfaces of three 16 Diagram showing measurements made on meandroid colonies with narrow valley widths 17 Plots of scores on the 25 similar bidirectional flabelloid colony forms modem in the Neogene Recent 26 28 29 species of Diploria three canonical variables in the final canonical discriminant analysis distinguishing species with first to meandroid 29 colonies (narrow valleys) showing means and Plots 19 Calical surfaces of 95% confidence intervals for seven measurements made on species with meandroid colonies (narrow 30 valleys) two species (Manicina pliocenica Meandrina braziliensis) belonging to different scleractinian families but having 31 similar meandroid colony forms showing characters that can be used to distinguish Hadrophyllia Thysanus and Manicina calculated from 78 equally parsimonious trees showing the groups of species recognized as genera 32 20 Vertical breaks through valleys 21 Strict consensus tree Stratigraphic ranges estimated for the 17 species in this 22 21 and ranges for measurements and counts made on species with bidirectional flabelloid colonies 18 21 36 37 monograph LIST OF TABLES Page Table Distinguishing characteristics of four scleractinian families exhibiting convergent evolution in the Dominican List of all previously described species of Faviidae with intramural budding from the late RepubUc Neogene Early Miocene through Pliocene of the Caribbean region, and their synonyms Recent species of Faviidae with intramural budding in the Caribbean region and in Brazil coral faunas have been examined to estimate stratigraphic ranges Distinguishing characteristics of three morphologically similar, phaceloid genera that belong to different scleractinian families and occur in the Dominican Republic Neogene List summarizing all morphological measurements and counts used in this monograph and their abbreviations Correlations among variables and principal components in Caulastraea Distinguishing characteristics of four Neogene to Recent Caribbean species of Favia and three morphologic groups in the NMB Correlations 10 Correlations List of all currently accepted List of fossil localities whose among among variables and principal 12 16 17 18 components in specimens that have a bidirectional flabelloid colony form 21 variables and canonical variables in the final canonical discriminant analysis distinguishing species that have a bidirectional flabelloid colony 11 19 collections I 10 22 23 24 form Descriptive statistics for characters measured on species that have flabelloid colony forms Measurements and counts made on holotypes of previously described species of "Teleiophyllia" and Thysanus Neogene to Recent of the Caribbean 13 Distinguishing characteristics of three meandroid genera of the family Faviidae in the 14 Distinguishing characteristics of five 15 Measurements and counts made on transverse 16 Collections of three Recent species of Diploria used in the quantitative analyses distinguishing species that have a meandroid colony 17 Correlations Neogene to Recent Caribbean species of Colpophyllia and the NMB region 25 specimen of Colpophyllia 27 thin sections of 27 Manicina 29 form (narrow valleys) among variables and canonical variables in the canonical discriminant analysis distinguishing species that have a 30 droid colony form (narrow valleys) standard errors of characters for species that have a meandroid colony form {narrow valleys) 19 Characters used in the phylogenetic analysis of 40 Cenozoic Caribbean species of Faviidae with intramural budding 18 Means and 20 Character matrix for the species in this mean- monograph 31 34 35 IN THE NORTHERN DOMINICAN REPUBLIC THE FAMILY FAVIIDAE (ANTHOZOA: SCLERACTINIA) NEOCENE PALEONTOLOGY PART II THE GENERA CAULASTRAEA HADROPHYLLIA, MANICINA, Ann F 19 FAVIA DIPLORIA, THYSANUS AND COLPOPHYLLIA Budd Department of Geology University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa 52242 U.S.A AND Kenneth G Johnson Department of Geology and Applied Geology University of Glasgow Glasgow, G12 8QQ, U.K ABSTRACT Seventeen species and seven genera of the family Faviidae that bud intramurally are described in collections from the Neogene sequence in the Cibao Valley of the northern Dominican Republic The material consists of 220 colonies from 85 five river sections that range in river sections (39 localities in Ri'o from Late Miocene localities along age from Late Oligocene to Early Pliocene Most of the specimens were collected along two Gurabo, 37 localities in Ri'o Cana) that e.xpose an exceptionally continuous sequence extending to Early Pliocene time Species are distinguished by sorting specimens into four qualitative groups based on colony form Species within Ihe phaceloid group (two specimens) are recognized by a principal component analysis including both primary types for all known Neogene and Quaternary Caribbean species of intramurally budding phaceloid faviids and morphologically similar specimens collected Plio-Pleistocene deposits near Limon, Costa Rica Species within the plocoid group (five specimens) are determined by in qualitative comparisons with type and non-type specimens of within the flabelloid group that have bidirectional budding ( all known Neogene and Quaternary Caribbean species Species 154 specimens) are distinguished by principal component and average linkage cluster analyses; flabelloid species that have unidirectional budding (eight specimens) are recognized by adding specimens to the final cluster analysis for bidirectional flabelloid forms Species within the specimens) are determined by qualitative comparisons with specimens of Meandroid species all meandroid group that have wide valleys (13 known Neogene and Quaternary Caribbean species have narrow valleys (32 specimens) are distinguished by canonical discriminant analyses comparing two specimens with collections of three Recent Caribbean species that qualitative groups of The results suggest that 17 intramural faviid species lived in the northern Dominican Republic during Neogene time, eight of which are new Six of the eight are represented by more than five specimens and are formally named (Favia maoadentrensis, F vokesae Diploria zambensis Hadrophyllia saundersi, Manicina geisteri M jungi): names for the remaining two species are left in open nomenclature Of the nine previously known species, one was described only as a subspecies and is therefore elevated (Manicina pimtagordensis Weisbord, 1968) Two others consist of at least three previously named species that synonymous Eight of the 17 Dominican Republic species occur at fewer than four localities and are therefore considered to species rank are uncommon The 17 Dominican Republic species are assigned to genera by studying the topology of a cladogram containing all known Cenozoic Caribbean faviid species with intramural budding (40 species total) The cladistic analysis was performed using 22 multistate characters (65 character states), nine of which are continuous States for five of the nine continuous characters are determined statistically using multiple comparisons tests The cladogram is a strict consensus tree of 78 equally parsimonious trees The results suggest that seven genera lived in the northern Dominican Republic during Neogene time One genus (Hadrophyllia) consisting of only one species, is new Two others (Manicina, Teleiophyllia) are synonymized, resulting in a new combination for the name of one species (Manicina grandis) One previously described species (Teleiophyllia navicula Duncan, 1864) is shifted to the genus Thysanus Preliminary comparisons with other well-documented collections of Neogene and Quaternary Caribbean corals suggest that only four of the 17 described species are restricted to the Dominican Republic Most species were fairly widely distributed across the Caribbean region Origination rates appear to have been high Miocene to earliest Pliocene; extinction rates were high among in these species flabelloid and meandroid faviid species during the Late during the Plio-Pleistocene RESUMEN En base en coUeciones sequenciales del Neogeno del valle del Cibao, localizado al Norte de la Republica Dominicana, se describen 17 especies y siete generos de la familia Faviidae gemacion intratentacular Se collectaron 220 colonias en 85 las Bulletin 356 localidades localizadas a lo largo de cinco secciones del no Estas localidaes estan arregaldas cronologicamente desde el Oligoceno La mayoria de los especimenes proviene de localidades en dos secciones de los rios Gurabo y Cana (39 localidades en el no Gurabo y 37 en el no Cana) El estado de preservacitin de estas secciones es excepcionalmente bueno La sequencia es continua y se extiende desde el Mioceno superior hasta el Plioceno inferior Las especies descritas fueron separadas en base a cuatro grupos cualitativos de acuerdo a la forma de la colonia Las especies del gmpo faceloiile gemacion intratentacular (dos especimenes) se separan atraves de analisis de componentes principales En este analisis se incluyo material tipologico de todas las especies conocidas del Neogeno y del Cuatemario del Caribe asi como especimenes colectados en depositos del Plio-Pleistoceno de Limon, Costa Rica Las especies del grupo plocoide (cinco superior hasta el Plioceno interior especimenes) se separaron en base a comparaciones cualitativas material tipologico y no tipologico de todas las especies conocidas del Neogeno y Cuatemario del Caribe Las especies del grupo flciveoloide gemacion bidireccional (154 especi- menes) han sido reconocidas a traves de un analisis de componentes principales y de un analisis de cluster Las especies del grupo flaveoloide gemacion unidireccional (ocho especimenes) se separan de las formas gemacion bidireccional cuando Las especies del grupo meandroide poseedoras de valles amplios (13 especimenes) se determinaron en base a comparaciones cualitativas todo el material conocido del Neogeno y Cuatemario del Caribe Las especies pertenecientes a este grupo pero que tienen valles estrechos (32 especimenes) han sido diferenciadas por analisis canonico estos especimenes se adicionaran al cluster comparando dos grupos cualitativos de especimenes material pertenenciente a tres especies recientes del Caribe Los resultados sugieren la existencia de 17 especies gemacion intratentacular de la familia Faviidae en el Norte de la Republica Dominicana durante el Neogeno Ocho de estas especies son nuevas y descritas por primera vez en el presente trabajo Seis de estas ocho especies son representadas por mas de cinco especimenes y son formalmente nominadas; Favia maoadeiurensis, F vokesae, Diploha zamhensis Hadrophyllia saundersi Manicina geisleri, M jiingi Los nombres de las otras dos especies han sido colocados en nomenclatura abierta De las nueve especies previamente conocidas una fue descrita como subespecie y posteriormente elevada a la categon'a de especie {Manicina punlagordensis Weisbord, 1968) Otras dos especies corresponden, al menos a tres especies nominadas previamente convirtiendose en sinonimos Ocho de las 17 especies de la Republica Dominicana se encuentran en menos de cuatro localidades y son consideradas poco comunes La asignacion generica de las 17 especies mencionadas se hizo por metodos cladi'sticos Para el analisis cladistico se utilizaron todas las especies gemacion intratentacular pertenecientes a la familia Faviidae conocidas en el Cenozoico del Caribe (40 especies) Se utilizaron 22 caracteres multiestado (un total de 65 estados de caracteres) Nueve de estos caracteres son continuos; los estados de cinco de estos nueve caracteres han sido determinados estadi'sticamente por comparaciones multiples El cladograma resultante, un arbol de con.sensus de 78 arboles igualmente parsimoniosos, sugiere que siete generos vivieron en el Norte de la Republica Dominicana durante el Neogeno Uno de estos generos, Hadrophyllia es monoti'pico y esta especie se describe por primera vez Los generos Teleiophyllia y Manicina han sido sinonimizados resultando en una combinacion nueva para una especie (Manicina grandis) Una especie descrita previamente (Teleiophyllia navicula Duncan, 1864) sido transferida al genero discriminante, Thysanus Comparaciones preliminares utilizando las colecciones existentes del Neogeno y Cuatemario del Caribe sugieren que tan solo cuatro de las 17 espcies descritas estan restringidas a la Republica Dominicana La mayoria de las especies se encuentran ampliamente distribuidas a lo largo de durante el region del Caribe Los grupos flaveoloide y meandroide presentan altas tazas de la originacion de nuevas especies durante el Mioceno superior y el Plioceno inferior Las tazas de extincion son igualmente altas Plio-Pleistoceno para estos dos grupos mXRODUCTION This monograph is most continuous, and best-studied Neogene longest, part of a muhidisciplinary pro- on the paleontology and stratigraphy of the northern Dominican Republic, coordinated by P Jung and J B Saunders of the Naturhistorisches Museum in Basel, Switzerland It is the fourth in a series on the systematics and evolutionary history of the reef corals from the Middle Miocene through Lower Pliocene of the northern Dominican Republic It is the second and final paper on the family Faviidae Gregory, 1900, and covers 17 species of seven genera that bud intramurally As in previous monographs (Foster, 1986, 1987; Budd, 1991), the material was collected between 1978 and 1980 by J Geister, P Jung, J B Saunders, and ject sequences in the Caribbean region Although it is composed primarily of siliciclastics and large reefal accumulations and carbonates are rate (Evans, 1986), the sequence contains a suite of abundant, exceptionally well-preserved reef corals, including more than 80 species of 33 genera (Budd et al., 1994b) The corals were collected as part of a larger macrofossil sampling program in which individual specimens in closely spaced horizons were extracted systematically from the face of the outcrop The samples have been keyed into detailed stratigraphic sections, whose age dates have been determined by study of microfossils (Saun- ders et Of al 1986), the seven genera treated in the present mono- co-workers as part of their large-scale muhidisciplinary project on the paleontology and stratigraphy of the graph, three {Thysanu.cH/« Diploria aniiguensis ( 9.28,30,36 10,27-31.42 Diploria clivosa (Ellis and Solander, 1786) ( 30 Vaughan, 1919) 0,25-3 ,42 Diploria lahyrinthifonnis (Linnaeus, 1758) 30 Diploria portoricensis {\au°h3Ln 1919) Diploria sarasotana Weisbord, 974 9,28,30.36 10.27-31.42 Diploria strigosa (Dana 1848) Diploria zamhensis n fi.\mc3.r\, 9.23.24.43.66 9.12.23.24.43.44.66 10,12,37,38,40,41.47,61,62,67 sarasotaiui, Diploria Scolymia Haime, 9.10.13-16.23.24.33.35-37 Thysanus floridanus Weisbord 974 Thysanus hayesi Vaaghan 1919 trinilatis, San Andres Terraces San Andres Santo Domingo Terraces Dominican Republic saimdersi 5.12-14.16.39.41 42.44-48.51-54.59.64-74 Ri'o Thysanus excemricus Guncan, 1863 12.13,1 6.47 9,23,24,43,66 Venezuela 48,77 Veron (1986) Veron (1993) 7,57 38.39.42,46,49,57 Veron and Kelley (1988) Veron et al (1977) 39,57 7.57 13 Verrill (1868) Verrill (1901) 8.10-12 City lA U.S.A.) 20,24,25.27,33,61.62,66,75,76 7.10.16.18.19.57 7.57 vokesae Favia Swofford (1993) 5.10.15.18.33,35-37,40-41,51.62 ,57 symmetry of bud geometry (character #4) — see bidirectional, 31-35 wall development between buds (character #3) multidirectional, unidirectional synapticulae wall structure (character #21) — see septothecal parathecal Weil and Knowlton (1994) Tabera Group, Dominican Republic Tamana Formation, Trinidad Tampa Formation, Florida Teleiophyllia Duncan, 6,36,40,6 11 11 864 Teleiophyllia grandis Duncan 5,24,33,34.44.45 864 9.2 24,44.46 9,57 Weisbord (1968) 5.9.10.12.13.25.48.57 Weisbord (1971) Weisbord 973) Weisbord (1974) weishordi, Favia 9.11,23,24.43.57 ( 1 57 9,11,12,23,24,28.43.57 30 Neocene Paleontology in the Northern Dominican Republic Wells (1933) 39,37 Wells (1936) 8,10,24,34,44,49.57 Wells (1956) 7,34,37,45,57 Wells and Lang (1973) willouiihhiensis Colpophyllia 10,50,57 30,50 YPM [Yale Peabody 19: Budd and Johnson Museum New Haven CT U.S.A.] 83 10 12,18.60 zamhensis nipUnia Zlatarski and Martmez 5.10,13-16,27-31.33.35-37,42.51,64,65 Estalella ( 982 ) 9,57 ... numbers and volumes may be had on request Volumes 1-23 of Bulletins of American Paleontology are available from Periodicals Service Company, Main St., Germantown, New York 12526 USA Volume of Palaeontographica... with this issue (number 356) , Bulletins of American Paleontology will no longer designate volumes The journal will continue to publish approximately 2-4 issues per year, each of which will continue... William P S Ventress BULLETINS OF AMERICAN PALEONTOLOGY and PALAEONTOGRAPHICA AMERICANA Warren D Allmon Editor Reviewers for JoRN Geister this issue Stephen Cairns A list of titles in both series,
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