Bulletins of American paleontology (Bull. Am. paleontol.) Vol 237779193537

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a / *r BULLETINS I* AMERICAN PALLONTOLOGY VOL XXIII 1935-1937 Ithaca, New York V CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXIII Blluetin No 77 Timothy Abbott Conrad, with particular reference to his work in Alabama one hundred years ago By H E Wheeler 78 A microfauna from the Coral Studies Part fossil corals I : Part Pages 1-27 1-158 Monmouth and basal Rancocas groups of New Jersey By P H Jennings 79 Plates Two new II : Five species 28-34 159-234 35-36 235-253 of new genera of the Madreporaria By J W.Wells MAK 1937 BULLETINS AMERICAN PALEONTOLOGY VOL XXIII NUMBER 77 Ithaca, New York, U 1935 S A CIV^ £SY- ^tr-rTS^^c*-^/ 1803—1877 BULLETINS OF AMERICAN PAI,EONTOIA>GY Vol 33 No 77 Timothy Abbott Conrad, with Particular Reference to in Alabama One Hundred Years Ago By Harry Edgar Wheelkr September 2, 1935 Paleontological Research Institution Ithaca, New York his Work PART II Bulletin 79 S Part FIVE 242 II NEW GENERA OF THE MADREPORARIA ACANTHOPHYLLIA, gen nov Genotype — Caryophyllia deshayesiana Michelin (Holotype Locality unknown, but probably East Indies Collection Michelin, Museum National Recent 1850 d'Histoire in the Natui-elle Paris) Diagnosis —Large solitary mussoid, turbinate, slightly com- pressed, with small basal pedicel parathecal, thick Wall costate, non-epithecate, Costse prominent, with large, lobulate, finely granulated dentations which decrease in size toward the columella Columella trabecular, compact, elongate, well-developed Endo- theca sparse; exotheca absent — Remarks C deshayesiana was described by Michelin in 1850 and the species was evidently overlooked by Edwards and Haime , in preparing their great revision of the corals the Paris The Museum is The holotype in labelled "Caryophyllia grandiflora Michelin" writer has not been able to trace this latter name and com- parison with Michelin's fine figures of his specimen leaves no doubt that it is the type of C deshayesiana Later workers have not mentioned the species, but fortunately there are four speci- These were in the United States National Museum February 24, 1908, during the Philippine Expedition of the U S Bureau of Fisheries Steamer "Albatross" from a depth of fathoms on coral bottom near Sanguisiapo Island (4 58' 20" One N lat, H9°5o'3o" E long.) in the Sulu Archipelago the present paper (Plate The dimenspecimen is figured in 2) mens of it collected sions of the five specimens now known are as follows Neav CORAL Genera: Wells 243 The internal hown Figure structure, in text figure I, especially AccmtJiophyllia deshayensiana A the of parathecal wall, is taken from the holotype vertical section (Mich.) across a radius of the shorter diameter, showing paratheca xl Another species of Acanthophyllia is Lithophyllia ampla Reuss the Miocene of Lapugy (Roumania) Reuss's figure shows of shreds of an epitheca encircling' the corallum, as also the recent specimens from epithecal deposit, such as the is Philippines, found in Antilla, hut no continuous was formed Several names have been applied to solitary mussoid corals, hut most of them have been based upon the monostomatous stage of colonial forms & Haime 1857) Scolymia Haime 1852^ (Lithophyllia Edwards includes the early stages of the West Indian colonial genus Mussa Antillia Duncan 1863', the genotype of which is J dentata Duncan of the West Indian Miocene (selected by de Fromentel in 1867), was almost certainly the direct predecessor of Mussa and a strictly solitary septal teeth than Acanthophyllia and Syzygophyllia Reuss i86o'\ based upon ~1>> s Hi,- .//,- MSm Sac Wiss Wien., gSol France, form with much smaller well-developed epitheca a species (.V brevis) 231, pi n, t 2, 2a 1871 279 (footnote) .\\xi, iv, a iHist Nat Coral]., ii, 290 Quart Jour Geol Soc London, xx, 28 >>Sitz AJc Wiss Wicn., xxxix, 216 from Bulletin 79 10 Miocene the of central 244 Europe, was much smaller than the forms previously mentioned, and from specimens of the genotype from Miocene of the Bordeaux Basin the writer concluded that formed small fasciculate colonies Sclerophyllia Klunzinger 1879 is probably the monostomatous stage of Symphyllia, a living Cynarina Brueggemann 1877 like ScleroIndo-Pacific genus phyllia, has an epitheca, a feeble columella, and the septal the it , on the most exsert portion of the septa fused into a large or double lobe Homophyllia Brueggemann 1877 has slightly smaller and more regular dentations, a strong columella, and is evidently the early stage of Lobophyllia (Indo-Pacific) Rhodocyathus Bourne 1905 10 founded upon a single specimen from Trincomalee, Ceylon; has all the characters of Cynarina, teeth single , except that an epitheca Herdman the that it is not developed Bourne's holotype (in Collection, Liverpool University) became detached from its and the edge-zone extended the is abnormal basal attachment early in costae over the broken part in life The writer has seen other specimens of R ceylonensis (in the British Museum, from a depth of 44 fms., Macclesfield Bank, China Sea) which had remained fixed Protolobophyllia Yabe and Sugiyama 1935 11 was recently created to include solitary mussoids of fairly large size resembling Acantliophyllia but subcylindrical with a broad basal attachment, well-developed epitheca, and smaller monostomatous stage of Lobophyllia Summarizing the genera of the mussoids dealt with above we septal teeth, evidently the have: Solitary : Antillia Miocene, West Indies Duncan Acantliophyllia Wells Miocene, Europe Recent Philippines TKorallenth Both Meer., iii, sAnn Mag Nat Hist., xx, 305 Wp cit, 310 ioEeport on the Solitary Corals iv, 191 ^Jour Geol Soc Japan, xlii, 382 Boy Soc Rep Pearl Oyster Fishing, New 245 Coral Genera Wells : 11 Colonial: Miocene, Europe Syzygophyllia Reuss Mussa Oken stage: Scolymia Lobophyllia West Haime Recent,
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