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3£ CATALOGUE OF THE FOSSIL MAMMALIA BRITISH MUSEUM, (NATURAL HISTORY) CROMWELL ROAD, PART S.W II CONTAINING The Order UNGULATA, Suborder ARTTODACTYLA RICHARD LYDEKKER, PRINTED BY OKDER QE^THE TRUSTEES 1885 \ PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RBD LION COURT, FLEET STREET PKEFACE The part of this Catalogue, published in January last, con- first tained the specimens belonging to the Orders Primates, Chieopteea, The present part Insectivoea, Caenivoea, and Rodentia to the Order Ungulata, Sub-order Aetiodactyla Of is devoted this sub- order the Bovidce, Cervidce, and the Anoplotheriidce have especially required much careful study, and revision ; nor have the other groups been catalogued without a very large expenditure of time has been greatly assisted by Mr William Davies, whose intimate knowledge of the history of and labour In the Collection this task the author coeval with the acquisition of is proportion of the specimens composing The Perissodactyla and allied forms, Cetacea, Edentata, and Marsupialia It way may be at least a large it and the Probosoidea, still remain to Sirenia, be catalogued well to state here that these Catalogues not in any lay claim to be complete lists of all the fossil genera species, but only of and such as are represented in the Collection HENRY WOODWARD British Museum (Natural History), Department of Geology, Nov 20, 1885 INTRODUCTION As a full Introduction has been given to the First Part, necessary on the present occasion to only it is add a few supplemental remarks In order length, it to avoid extending the Catalogue to has been considered advisable to omit an unreasonable all reference to the majority of the specimens contained in the Cavern Collection, at the entrance to the Fossil Mammalian Gallery, as, in most instances, these are but duplicates of specimens from other localities the same reason, in cases where the remains of any one species number excessively numerous, only the is For of specimens of the more important of such specimens have been introduced into the CataSimilarly, in cases like the Siwaliks of India and the logue Phosphorites, where there are great dactyle Ungulates, and it numbers of French species of Artio- very often apparently impossible to is refer individual bones even to their respective genus, such specimens have not been catalogued here, as nothing would be gained by so doing Mention may be made of a few fossil localities noticed in the present part, which are not given in the table on pages x, xi of Part I ; but before doing the Georgensgmlind so, it may be observed that the position of beds as given in that table should be transferred The from the Upper Miocene to section b of the Middle Miocene Lower Pliocene of Cucuron (Vaucluse) is equivalent to that of Mont Leberon The beds those of Kapfnach many at Elgg (Zurich), Switzerland, correspond From of the specimens in the Misprinted to the comparatively unaltered condition of Museum, and the circumstance that " Georgensmiind." These beds were classed with those of Eppelsheim and (Eningen, on the ground that they were so placed by Schlosser in the Palajontographica,' ' vol xxxi p 96 (1884), who has subsequently (Neues Jahrb 1885, pp 136-144) indicated their true position vol ii INTRODUCTION Vlll they apparently belong to existing species, the beds at La Combette, near Champeix (page 97), and those at Tour-de-Boulade, Puy-de- Dome (Part but they 126), are provisionally referred to the Pleistocene, I p may be equivalent to the Upper Pliocene of Peyrolles, with which they were associated by P Gervais Generic terms have been employed in a wider sense than case with that my is the and I am permitted to say ; views in this respect are in the main those of Professor Thus a Flower number many contemporary writers more premolar difference of one or teeth, or in the of the digits, in allied forms has not been considered a bar to generic unity and accordingly the genus Euryiherium has been ; included in Anoplotherium (p 188), while analogous instances will occur in Part III in the case of the Bhinocerotidce and Equidce Occasionally a genus (e g Eporeodon, 208) has been admitted which p appears to be founded upon somewhat insufficient characters A few words may fication of be advisable in regard to the specific identi- specimens from the Tertiaries of Prance and Germany, the most noticeable instance being that of the German Palceomeryoc medius with the French Amphitragulus boulangeri and A pomeli In the majority by a of (p 130) such instances the identification has been guarded provisional reservation but as the specimens in the ; Museum apparently present no distinctive points of difference, the only logical course in each instance has been to include specific heading Different writers as to the amount views are of all them under one entertained by of variation in regarded as of individual or of racial value different which should be In the case mentioned size above Prof Piitimeyer takes larger limits than Dr Filhol, the distinction by the between A boulangeri and A pomeli having been made and proportions latter writer on small differences in the size lower jaw, of the teeth of the limits latter writer has Middle Miocene occurs in the prima which come well within the of Isere with the German form ; and as the Lower Miocene of Weissenau, near Mayence, facie highly probable that of Allier German Hyotherium it together with that of the the latter it is should be identical with the The probable respective identity H soemmeringi with the meissneri and French Palwochcerus typus {Hyotherium typum, The already identified French specimens from Lower-Miocene form of the all of allowed by Prof Riitimeyer to Palceomeryx medius p German Microtherium Vide Wilckens, Biol Centralblatt, vol v p 254) and P major1 , renggeri with the 236 (1885) — INTRODUCTION IX French Ccenoiherium commune, are confirmatory of the foregoing views, and indicate (as might have been expected) that the Tertiary faunas of the German and French number areas contain a large of forms in common Considerable difficulty has been experienced in these and other instances in regard to the generic and specific be adopted, as German German origin, while those given by their published notice followed ; French authors have an equal own countrymen and is clear but there are first distinctive, the rule of priority has been many instances (notably those of first to As is so vague that and in such instances the choice has which appears to partiality for In cases where the Meyer) where the original notice useless, names which should writers almost invariably employ terms of it is fallen H von practically on the name have obtained most general acceptation, or was the be distinctly defined in the First Part, the circumstance that specimens apparently indistinguishable from one another were obtained from different geological horizons has not of itself been considered a bar to their reference to the same species, although a provisional reservation has been adopted in some such cases The genus Anoplotherium difficulty in (as here employed) is one of peculiar regard to the association of the jaws and limb-bones of the various species and no very ; definite conclusion has been arrived The Quercy astragalus mentioned in the Addenda (page 316) has somewhat increased the complexity of the problem but if the form to which it belonged be really distinct from the so-called EurytJierium latipes, yet, in the absence of any distinction in dental characters, it would seem inadvisable that it should receive a distinct name The following Collections are additional to those enumerated at ; in Part I pp xi, xii Bowerbank : Collection —Purchased in 1865 from the late Dr J S Bowerbank, F.P.S., of Highbury Layton Collection — Consists mainly of specimens dredged off Happisburgh, Norfolk, and was purchased from the Eev John Layton, of that place, in 1858 Sloane Collection — Purchased — from the executors of Sir Hans Sioane, of Chelsea, about 1754 Wigham Collection Collected by Mr Wigham, purchased in 1859 from Mr T G Bayfield, My thanks are again due to Mr W of the of Norwich, and same town Dalies, F.G.S., not only for X INTRODUCTION much valuable information in regard to individual specimens, but also for verifying each specimen with its description, by which absolute Thanks are also due to Prof Boyd-Dawkins, of Owens College, for valuable assistance in the accuracy is secured in this respect determiuation of the remains of Gervus and its allies ; and to Mr H B Medlicott, Superintendent of the Geological Survey of India, to Prof L Riitimeyer, of Basle, and to the Council of the Geological Society of London, for the loan of woodcuts illustrating this and the preceding Part Owing this to the purchase of certain specimens after the sheets of Part were in type, and also to the circumstance that others had been displaced during the rearrangement of the Museum, it has been work more necessary to introduce several Addenda, which render the complete, but less symmetrical than I could have wished KICHAED LYDEKKEB The Lodge, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, October 31, 1885 SYSTEMATIC INDEX [Existing species are denoted by an asterisk.] Order *? UNGULATA Suborder ARTIODACTTLA Family BOYIDiE *Bos taurus, yar primigenius , var longifrocs 16 elatus 19 namadicus 22 palaeogaurus 23 (?) sp * Bison bonasus, var priscus 24 24, latifrons *_Bubalus buffelus, yar palaeindicus antiquus 28 29 29 occipitalis 30 acuticornis 33 antilopinus 35 fraseri *Ovibos moscbatus bombifrons cavifrons 36 37 33 39 40 (?) sp 40 Bucapra dayiesi 40 *Capra hircus * 27 platyceros Leptobos falconeri °™ 311 40 pyrenaica 41 sivalensis 45 SYSTEMATIC INDEX Family BOYID^E (continued) 45 Capra, sp a , 45 sp b (?) rozeti 45 ' Tragoceros amaltheus 46 Palseoreas lindermayeri 47 Strepsiceros (?) falconeri 47 Boselaphus namadicus 48 48 sp Hippotragus sivalensis 49 Gazella porrecticornis 50 51 deperdita anglica 52 *Antilope cervicapra 52 Co-bus (?) palaeindicus (n sp.) Genus non det 56 bakeri Antelopes of uncertain position Species (probably allied to Oreas) affinity) (Antilope clavata) Family Family 54 55 Alcelaphus palaeindicus (of uncertain 53 54 (?) patulicornis GIEAFFID^E 57 57 57 58 58 Sivatherium giganteum 59 Bramatherium perimense 69 Helladotherium duvernoyi 70 Giraffa sivalensis 71 CERYID^E 73 *Cariacus rufus 74 *Capreolus caprea cusanus matheroni 74 75 77 *Alces machlis 78 latifrons 78 310 TJNGTTLATA 16362 The right half of the symphysis of the mandible of a Hippopotamus, perhaps belonging to Siwaliks of Burma this Hippopotamus, from the species; No or India history sp Hab Burma 14772 Fragment of a lower incisor, of very large size ; from the Burma This specimen is too large for H sivdlensis or H iravaticus; and agrees with the Pleistocene H palceindicus Presented by Col Bur ney, about 1841 Siwaliks of 16456 Tip of a lower men ; incisor, agreeing in size with the probably from the Siwaliks of Burma last speci- No history 311 ADDENDA Family Genus BOVIDiE (page 1) BISON (page 24) 23teon fcona^ttS (page 24) Yar jpriscus The following specimens were obtained from the Pleistocene of Barrington, Cambridgeshire M 2531 The (Purchased, 1885.) right horn-core The reference of the following is provisional M 2532 Two imperfect mandibular M 2533 Numerous detached M 2534 The right M 2535 Two and rami cheek-teeth metacarpus left astragali M 2536 The right naviculo-cuboid M 2537 The right metatarsus M 2538 A M 2539 Several imperfect vertebrae proximal phalangeal CERVID^E Family Genus RANGIFER (page 79) Iftaucrtfer taranthtS M 2501-6 A (page 73) series of (page 79) specimens from the caves of Gower, Gla- morganshire; comprising numerous fragments of antlers of various ages, the hinder portion of a cranium, two left mandibular rami, and a right metatarsus Presented by General E B Wood, 1865 ADDENDA 312 Genus CERVUS (page 82) Cervus giganteus M 2517 Two (page 82) basal halves of antlers from the Pleistocene of ; Purchased, 1885 Barrington, Cambridgeshire Cerbus tlapfjuS (page 94) specific reference of some {The is 45357 The of the following specimens provisional.) metacarpus, of large size left Brady Ilford 41741 The right tibia, of large size ; ; from the Pleistocene of Collection from the turbary of WalthamPurchased, 1869 stow 7572-3 The right and from the Pleistocene left tibise; Mantell Collection 19843 The Purchased, 1878 left tibia, of small size ; of Lewes Purchased, 1836 from the Pleistocene of Grays Purchased, 1846 18154 The right calcaneum from the Pleistocene ; of Ireland Purchased About 1842 40392 The right calcaneum; from the Pleistocene of Oundle, Northamptonshire Presented by G N Edmonds, Esq., 1867 32515 The right calcaneum ; from a Continental Pleistocene deposit Tesson Collection 19843,21631 Three calcanea of small size ; Purchased, 1857 from the Pleistocene of Grays 21631 Two a Purchased specimens of the proximal elements of the tarsus, of small size ; from the Pleistocene of Grays Purchased, 1847 23730 e The left astragalus ; from the Pleistocene of Slade Green Purchased, 1849 40964 A left astragalus, of small size ; from the Pleistocene Crayford, Kent 23129-31 Two specimens of smaller astragali cene of Ilford of Purchased ; from the PleistoPurchased 313 ADDENDA 21625, 21626, 28131 Several specimens of small astragali 21298 The a naviculo-cuboid left ; from Purchased the Pleistocene of Grays ; from the Pleistocene of Grays Purchased, 1847 21298 b, 21312, 21318 Three specimens cuboid of a small form the right naviculo- of from the Pleistocene of Grays ; Purchased, 1847 43207- The left metatarsus ; from the turbary of Wetherell Collection Walthamstovr Purchased, 1871 18817, 20277, 23149, 28079 Four proximal phalangeals; the Pleistocene of Grays 21630 Numerous proximal phalangeals, of smaller Pleistocene of Grays 21630 a A from the ; second phalaugeal, agreeing in size with No 18817; 21630 b Numerous second Purchased, 1849 phalangeals, agreeing in No 21630 Genus CAMELIDiE AUCHENIA (page 147) Syn Palauchenia magna, This species is Owen l ) nearly as large as the existing camels is with (page 139) Auchenia magna (Owen lanariform pm size Purchased, 1849 Family is size Purchased, 1849 from the Pleistocene of Grays there from Purchased ; a minute present a short distance behind the canine, and a small styliform pm immediately in front of p m in the type specimen Hah South America 40155 Casts of the The same individual were obtained from the Pleistoceue of The casts are described and figured by Owen in last six cervical vertebras of the originals Mexico the Phil Trans, for 1870, pp 69-73, pis iv., v., vi., vii Presented by Bon Antonio del Castillo, 1866 Phil Trans 1870, p 65, Palauchenia Loc cit ; 314 ADDENDA TRAGULID.E Family (page 150) PRODREMOTHERIUM (page 150) Genus Prodremotherium elongatum M 1809 (page 150) Several imperfect maxillse, with teeth from the Upper Eocene of Bach, near Lalbenque (Lot), France ; Purchased, 1884 M 1818 The right maxilla, containing all the cheek-teeth Bach M 1807 ; from Purchased, 1884 Several imperfect mandibular rami from the Upper Eocene of Mouillac (Tarn-et-Garonne), France ; Purchased, 1884 BACHITHERIUM (page 155) Genus Bachitherium curtum M 1809 (page 155) Part of the left maxilla, with the last four cheek-teeth from the Upper Eocene of Bach, near Lalbenque (Lot), a France Purchased, 1884 Family Genus DIC HOD OOTIDS (page 159) LOPHIOMERYX (page 160) Lophiomeryx chalaniati (page 160) from the Upper Eocene of Bach, near Lalbenque (Lot), France M 1808 Several imperfect mandibular rami; Purchased, 1884 Lophiomeryx minor, This species is Lydekker, n sp founded on the specimen noticed below Hah France M 1809 Fragment (Fig.) of the right maxilla containing the last five from the Upper Eocene of Caylux (Tarn-etThis specimen (woodcut, fig 39) indicates a species intermediate in size between L chalaniati cheek-teeth : Garonne), France 315 ADDENDA and L yaudryi The length three true molars is of the space occupied L chalaniati being 0,041 (vide supra, p 162) Ann dible of L gaudryi (vide Filhol, pi xiii fig Sci The man- Geol vol 280) indicates a considerably smaller Part of the right maxilla Lo'phiomeryx minor by the 0,027, the corresponding space in of Oaylux ; viii species, from the Upper Eocene \ the length of the space occupied by the three lower pre- molars being only 0,017 The present specimen agrees with L chalaniati in the abortion of the second inner crescent of m and in the incomplete development of the , same part in m The third premolar has a well-marked inner cusp, and therefore differs from Tragulus and agrees with Dichodon Purchased, 1884 C^NOTHERIID^E Family (page 166) DICHOBUNUS (page 179) Dichobunus leporinus (page 180) Genus M 1836 Part of the left maxilla, with the three true molars ; from the Upper Eocene of Caylux (Tarn-et-Garonne), France Purchased, 1884 M 1840 Several Eocene imperfect of mandibular rami; from the Upper Mouillac (Tarn-et-Garonne), France Purchased, 1884 Family • ANOPLOTHERIID^E Genus XIPHODON (page 182) Xiphodon M 1832 The (page 182) gracilis (page 183) ramus of the mandible, with from the Upper Eocene of Bach, greater part of the left the last five cheek-teeth ; near Lalbenque (Lot), France Purchased, 1S84 316 ADDENDA The following specimens were obtained from Apt Debruge, near ( Vaucluse) and ; the belong Upper Eocene of to the Bravard Collection {Purchased, 1852) Two 30682, 30703 specimens of the distal portion of the humerus 30690 The greater part of the left ulna 30693-5 Three imperfect specimens of the radius Each of these bones exhibits three large knobs near the middle, and a fourth close to the distal extremity of the inner (preaxial) border which probably indicate the existence ; or callosities, on this side of the limb exhibited in a specimen figured in graphie,' 30686-7 Two Genus Anoplotherium, De The of warts, knob distal Blainville's ' is Osteo- pi v specimens of the calcaneum 30676-7-8, 30680-1 Several specimens of the astragalus Genus ANOPLOTHERIUM (page 188) Anoplotherium commune M 1751 Part (page 189) ramus of the mandible containing the from the Upper Eocene of Caylux of the left last five cheek-teeth ; This specimen agrees pre- (Tarn-et-Garonne), France with the Vaucluse jaw, No 26787 cisely (p 191) Purchased, 1884 M 1779 Part of the left ramus of the mandible, from the Upper Eocene of Caylux showing mm ; Purchased, 1884 left lower milk-molar, in a much-worn confrom the Upper Eocene of Bach, near Lalbenque M 1814 a The fourth dition ; Purchased, 1884 (Lot), France M 1844 The left astragalus of a large Anoplotherium Upper Eocene of Caylux This specimen is ; from the wider and shorter than the astragalus of the so-called Eurytherium latipes (page 193) ; its distal width being 0,056, and its In the absence of any decided difference in the dentition of the Caylux, Vaucluse, and Paris specimens, it seems very doubtful if this variation can be length about 0,069 regarded as of specific value Purchased, 1884 317 ADDENDA Anoplotherium cayluxense (page 198) M 1842 Part of the left maxilla of a young individual from the Upper Eocene of Bach, near Lalbenque (Lot), France This specimen shows mm and mm in a much- worn ; Purchased, 1884 condition M 1775 Part ramus of the mandible of a young indishowing mm ft and mm from Bach of the right vidual, ; Purchased, 1884 Family CHCEROPOTAMID.E Genus (page 247) ELOTHERIUM (page 249) Elotherium M 1727 The second left magnum (page 249) upper true molar; from the Upper Eocene of Caylux (Tarn-et-Garonne), France M 1439, 1440 Two Eocene M 1454 The canines (one imperfect) Purchased, 1884 ; from the of Caylux first left Upper Purchased, 1884 lower premolar ; from the Upper Eocene of Caylux Purchased, 1884 Elotherium mortoni, Leidy \ Syn Archceotherium mortoni, Leidy This species is considerably smaller than E magnum Hah North America 29686 A lower true molar left ; from the Miocene of the White Eiver, Dakota, U S A Genus Purchased, 1855 CEBOCHCERUS, Gervais The writer provisionally follows Flower the present family It is in referring this genus to referred by Filhol in the Ann Sci Geol 107, to the group " Pachysimiens," and is considered to present characters connecting Choerojpotamus with the lemuroid Primates The third lower molar has a well-developed vol viii art 1, p talon Proc Ac Nat Sci Philad for 1857, p 89 (1858), Archceotherium Loc cit Zool et Pal Franchises, 1st ed vol ii Exp no 35 (1S48-52) 318 ADDENDA Cebochcerus minor, This is Gervais the smallest species of the genus, and is by characterized the presence of only three roots to the upper true molars Hah Prance M 1837 Fragment of the left maxilla, containing m (broken) and m from the Upper Eocene of Lamandine-Basse, near Caylux (Tarn-et-Garonne), France This specimen agrees precisely with the one figured by Filhol in the Ann Sci Geol vol viii pi xiv fig 287 ; Purchased, 1884 Family Genus SUECME (page 250) HYOTHERIUM (page 253) Hyotherium typum (page 254) M 1838 Part of the right ramus of the mandible, with the three true molars from the Upper Eocene of Bach, near Lalbenque ; (Lot), France Purchased, 1884 of the symphysis and right ramus of the mandible from the Upper Eocene of Caylux (Tarn-et-Garonne) M 1835 Part ; Purchased, 1884 M 1840 Part of the right ramus of the mandible, with ^73 ; from Bach Purchased, 1884 of the left ramus of the mandible with ^72 and m 3; from the Upper Eocene of Caylux The length of m is M 1395 Part 0,017, and that of M 1395 ^72 0,013 Purchased, 1884 Fragment of the right ramus of the mandible, with and m from the Upper Eocene of Caylux The length of mTl is 0,012 Purchased, 1884 a pm 3, pm 4, ; Zool et Pal Generates, s&\ 2, p 48 (1876) 319 ADDENDA Family Genus HIPPOPOTAMUS (page 277) HIPPOPOTAMUS (page 277) f£|tppopotamuS ampIjtfriuS (page 277) The following specimens were obtained from the Pleistocene Barrington, Cambridgeshire M 2521 The greater portion of the mandible of a male, showing the incisors and canines M 2522 Sixty specimens M 2523 Numerous of upper incisors M 2524 Pour lower M 2525 and lower cheek-teeth and upper canines canines of males Several imperfect lower incisors M 2526 Two imperfect humeri M 2527 An of {Purchased, 1885.) imperfect left femur M 2528 Two imperfect M 2529 Two right calcanea astragali M 2530 Wine imperfect vertebrae ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF GENERA AND Acotherulum, SPECIES, 181 saturninum, 182 laticurvatum, 170 bakeri, 56 palseindicus, 55 78 giganteus, 82 Alces, 253 typus, 254 Amphitragulus, 125 boulangeri, 130 communis, 159 elegans, 125 gracilis, 134 lemanensis, 129 nouleti, 133 pomeli, 130 Ancodus, 218 aymardi, 221 bovinus, 221 incertus, 219 insignis, 221 leptorbyncbus, 221 macrorbinus, 221 Anoplotherium, 188 bavaricum, 202 cayluxense, 198, 317 commune, 189, 316 II Auchenia, 147 magna, 313 sp 1, 148 235 alsaticum, 239 gresslyi, 244 27 acuticornis, 33 antilopinus, 35 hyopotamoides, 235 labarpei, 242 magnum, 236 minus, 242 minutum, 159 silistrense, 165, 243 sp a, 242 sp b, 244 sp c, 244 sp d, 247valdense, 241 velaunum, 218 Antilope, 52 brevicornis, 51 capricornis, 51 cervicapra, 52 clarata, 58 deperdita, 51 249 mortoni, 317 laurillardi, 194 Anthracotherium, macblis, 78 Amphibos, Archaeotherium, minus, 202 modicum., 201 platypus, 189 quercyi, 201 secundarium, 194 latifrons, 78 PAUT Anoplother ium(cont ) gracile, 183 ^Egocerus, 49 Alcelaphus, 55 Amphichoerus, INCLUDING SYNONYMS sp 2, 149 Bachitherium, 155 curtum, 155, 314 insigne, 157 medium, 155 Bison, 24 bonasus, 24, 311 europseus, 24 latifrons, 27 minor, 16 priscus, 24, 311 Bootherium, 38 bombifrons, 39 cavifrons, 40 Bos, bombifrons, 39 bonasus, 24 bubalus, 28 buffelus, 28 elapbus, 19 elatus, 19 etruscus, 19 frontosus, 16 giganteus, latifrons, 27 palasindica, 55 patulicornis, 54 longifrons, 16 moscbatus, 38 porrecticornis, 50 namadicus 22, 322 Bos INDEX Cariacus, (cont.) Cebochoerus, palagogaurus, 23 primigenius, taurus, urus, Boselaphus, 48 namadicus, 48 sp., 48 Bothriodon, 218 leptorbyncbus, 221 platyrbynchus, 219 velaunus, 221 Bramatherium, 69 perimense, 69 Bubalus, 27 acuticornis, 33 antilopinus, 35 antiquus, 29 buffelus, 28 mosobatus, 38 occipitalis, 30 platyceros, 29 sivalensis, 29 triquetricornis, 30 40 daviesi, 40 Caenothermm, meissneri, 254 Cervulus, sp., 24 167 caclurcense, 175 commune, cuvieri, 247 167 elegans, 167 fllholi, 176 geoffroyi, 174 laticurvatum, 170 leptognathurn, 167 metopias, 170 117 australis, 118 dicranoceros, 117 Cervus, 82 alces, 78 ambiguus, 111 anoceros, 117 aristotelis, 103 arvernensis, 115 duvernoyi, 70 sivalensis, 71 Camelus, 139 antiquus, 145 sivalensis, 140 Capra, 40 cervicapra, 52 bircus, 40 hispanica, 41 pyrenaica, 41 rozeti, 45 sp a, 45 sp b, 45 Capreolus, 74 74 rufus, 74 polignacus, 115 porcinus, 104 roberti, 115 rufus, 74 rusoides, 107 savini, 91 sedgwicki, 93 sivalensis, 104 stylodus, 107 suttonensis, 109 tarandus, 79 tetraceros, 113 trigonoceros, 117verticornis, 92 fossilis, 74 Chceropotamus, 247 187 cayluxense, 187 ovinum, 187 Dama, 89 vulgaris, 89 Dichobunus, 179 cervinus, 165 leporinus, 180, 315 ovinus, 187 robertianus, 181 Dichodon, 162 cervinus, 165 cuspidatus, 164 Dicotyles, 251 affinis labiatus, 251 labiatus, 251 tajacu, 252 torquatus, 252 Dicroceros, 119 crassus, 153 elegans, 120 magnus, 120 Didymodon, 179 vauclusianus, 180 Diplobune, 188 bavaricum, 202 quercyi, 201 Diplopus, 215 aymardi, 216 Dorcatherium, 153 vindobonense, 153 Dremotherium, 119 feignouxi, 124 nanum, 124 traguloides, 124 253 Egocerus, 49 Elaphotherium, 125 Elotherium, 249 aymardi, 249 simplex, 258 affinis, 218 Dacrytherium, naui, 153 nouleti, 133 165 Choeromorus, Cyclognathus, majus, 154 minus, 154 silistrensis, 165 caprea, 74 cusanus, 75 matberoni, 77 patulicornis, 54 Coassus, matberoni, 77 megaceros, 82 Chceromeryx, 253 palseindicus, 53 etueriarium, 107 falcon eri, 91 giganteus, 82, 312 gracilis, 111 guettardi, 79 bibernicus, 82 issiodorensis, 107 latifrons, 78 lunatus, 116 peyroliensis, 107 71 Choerotherium, Cobus, 53 dama, 89 dicranios, 93 dicranoceros, 117 elaphus, 94, 312 perrieri, 107 71 soemmeringi, 257 Chceropsis, 277 barbarus, 94 bovoides, 78 bravardi, 77 browni, 89 capreolus, 74 clactonianus, 89 cucuronis, 77 curtoceros, 115 cusanus, 75 cylindroceros, 111 sp., 169 Camelopardalis, parisiensis, 247 australis, 118 quiuquedentatum, 175 affinis, gypsorum, 247 317 minor, 318 pallasi, 38 Bucapra, Choeropotamus(cow^.) 74 rufus, 74 occipitalis, 30 247 magnum, 249, 317 mortoni, 317 323 INDEX Elotherium (conk) ronzoni, 249 Entelodon, 249 magnuin, 249 Eporeodon, 208 major 209 Eucladoceros, 82 Eucrotapims, 203 major, 209 Eurytherium, 188 latipes, 189 minus, 202 modicum, 201 quercyi, 201 secundarium, 198 Gazella, 50 auglica, 52 brevicornis, 51 deperdita, 51 Hyopotamus, 218 americanus, 228 borbonicus, 219 bovinus, 221 giganteus, 234 gresslyi, 233, 244 picteti, 233 porcinus, 228 vectianus, 219 velaunus, 218 Hyotherium, 253 meissneri, 254 simplex, 258 soemmeringi, 257 suillum, 254 typum, 254, 318 waterhousei, 256 36 falconeri, 36 communis, 159 curtus, 155 insignis, 157 Giraffa, 71 sivalensis, 71 fraseri, 37 Listriodon, 275 275 pentapotamiie, 276 splendens, 275 Lophiochcerus, 275 larteti, Helladctherium, 70 blainvillei, 276 Lophiomeryx, duvernoyi, 70 Hemiauchenia, Hemibos, 27 147 acuticornis, 33 antilopinus, 35 occipitalis, 30 triquetriceros, 30 Hexaprotodon, 277 iravaticus, 309 namadicus, 294 sivalensis, 297 Hippohyus, 259 sivalensis, 259 Hippopotamus, 277 amphibius, 277, 318 annectans, 277 antiquus, 277 dissimilis, 209 iravaticus, 309 major, 277 medius, 287 minor, 292 minutus, 292 namadicus, 294 paleeindicus, 293 pentlandi 2S7 senegalensis, 277 sivalensis, 297 Hippotragus, 49 153 160 chalamati, 160, 314 minor, 314 Megaceros, Palaeochoerus, 253, major, 257 suillua, 254 typus, 254 waterhousei, 256 Palaeolama, 147 119 Palaeomeryx, bojani, 120 feignouxi, 124 flourensianus, 125 furcatus, 120 medius, 130 pygmajus, 130 sclieucbzeri, 120 sivalensis, 119 Palaeoreas, 47 lindermayeri, 47Palauchenia, 147 magna, 313 Peribos, 27 occipitalis, 30 Phacochcerus, 275 sp a, 275 sp b, 275 Plesiomeryx, 167 cadurcensis, 175 quinquedentatus, 175 Poebrotherium, 149 wilsoni, 149 Porcula, 259 Portax, 48 namadicus, 48 Potamochcerus, Prcbubalus, 27 82 hibernicus_ 82 Merycoidcdon, 207 culbertsoni, 207 259 acuticornis, 33 antilopinus, 35 sivalensis, 30 Merycopotamus, triquetricornis, 30 Prodremotherium, 209 dissimilis, 209 150 nanus 211 pusillus, 214 elongatum, 150, 314 Propalaeomeryx, Micromeryx, 119 flourensianus, 125 Microtherium, 167 Oltinotherium, 249 verdeaui, 249 Oplotherium, Oreodon, 207 167 119 sivalensis, 119 Prox, 117 furcatus, 120 Rangifer, 79 tarandus, 79, 311 Rutitherium, 133 nouleti, 133 culbertsoni, 207 major, 2( Ovibos, 38 bombifrons, 39 cavifrons, 40 moschatus, 38 pallasi, 38 Ovis, sivalensis, 49 crassus, 153 (cont.) larteti, 153 Leptobos, porrecticornis 50 159 Gelocus, Hyomoschus, Hyomoschus 40 sp., 40 Sivameryx, 165 sindiensis, 165 Sivatherium, 58 giganteum, 59 Strepsiceros, 47 falconeri, 47 Strongyloceros, spelreus, 94 Styloceros, 117 82 324 TNDEX Sus Sus, 259 antiquus, 267 chceroides, 273 erymanthius, 267 falconeri, 263 giganteus, 268 hysudricus, 271 major 267 paLseochoerus, 273 scrofa, 260 sivalensis, 263 sp a, 266 sp b, 266 sp c, 268 tajacu, 269 Tragoceros, (cont) 46 amaltheus, 46 titan, 269 Tragulotherium, Tragulus, 152 Tapinodon, 235 gresslyi, 244 125 sivalensis, 152 Tapirotherium, 275 blainvilleanum, 276 larteti, 275 Tapirus Xiphodon, 315 secundarius, 187 gracilis, 183, pentapotamiee, 276 Tetraprotodon, 277 amphibius, 277 major, 277 palanndicus, 293 Xiphodontherium, 182 secundarium, 187 Zooligus, END OF PAET 182 gelyensis, 186 167 II P1UNTED HY TAYLOK AND FRANCIS, UED LION COUKT, FLEET STUlOET v^^r^J ... Survey of India, to Prof L Riitimeyer, of Basle, and to the Council of the Geological Society of London, for the loan of woodcuts illustrating this and the preceding Part Owing this to the purchase... Catalogue of the Mammalia in the B TJNGULATA Genus Bag It has been migenius of is BOS, Linn taunts, Linn shown by Boyd-Dawkins that the so-called Bos pri- in all probability the ancestor of the. .. Part of the right ramus of the mandible, containing the three true molars from the Pleistocene of Grays, Essex ; Purchased, 1846 21307 Fragment of the right ramus of the mandible, containing mm
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