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Muslim Sisters Study Circle Quiz On “The Important Lessons for the Ummah of Shaykh Ibn Bazz” To Learn the Essential and Fundamental Basics of Our Religion ‘bismillah ir rahman ir raheem’ Direction: Answer to all questions comes directly from the text book and explanation from the class of Shaykh Saleh as Saleh Demonstration: in this part of the exam, you have to demonstrate parts by parts of what’s below Demonstrate HOW the Prophet made Wudhu for each prayer? – Read “The Prophet’s Wudhu Described” book, found at http://sistersofccny.multiply.com – blog page Demonstrate HOW the Prophet prayed FOUR rakah of Zuhr prayer? – Read book: “sifat salah annabee” found at http://nisshoami.multiply.com, click on tag: ebooks Demonstrate HOW to pray TWO rakah of Fajr prayer? – Read book: “sifat salah an-nabee” found at http://nisshoami.multiply.com, click on tag: ebooks Demonstrate HOW to pray FOUR rakah of Sunnah Prayer? – this comes from the explanation of the book, you break four rakah as rakah with taslim and then new rakah with taslim Demonstrate HOW to pray THREE rakah of witr prayer? – you make it straight rakah with one sitting or you break it into rakah with taslim and then one single rakah with taslim Demonstrate HOW to make Tayyammum? – you make it as strike clean earth with plums of hands ONCE and then wipe the face and then hands to the wrist What is the title of the book that we studied? Who wrote that book? Title of the Book: “Important Lessons for the Ummah or Essencial Lessons for every Muslim” Author of the Book: Shaykh Abdul Azzez ibn Abdullah ibn Bazz We listened to audio explanation of the book we studied, who was the speaker that was giving the audio explanation of the book? Who did he study with? Name of the Speaker: Shaykh Saleh as Saleh He studied with: Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saleh ibn al Uthaymeen What is the web-site link of the speaker whose audio classes we listened to? And what is his contact info Such as his email? Link of His Web-Site: http://understand-islam.net His Email: info@understand-islam.net What is the key to Jannah? The Key to Jannah is: laa ilaha ill allah – there is nothing that has the right to be worshipped except Allah What is the meaning of these testimonies: laa ilaha ill allah wa anna muhammadar rasullullah? Meaning of laa ilaha ill allah: there is nothing that has the right to be worshipped except Allah Meaning of wa anna muhammadar rasullullah: is obey him in what he has commanded, believe him in what has informed us of, avoiding what he has forbade and warned against, and not worshipping Allah except by what he sallallahu alayhe wa sallam prescribed Each of these two testimony has its own Pillars, so what are the pillars of Laa ilaha ill Allah? And what are the pillars of muhammadar rasullullah? ~| write each them out |~ Pillars of laa ilaha ill allah: it has two pillars and they are: Negation – which comes first – negating worship of other than Allah, Affirmation – which is to affirm, all worship for Allah Alone Pillars of Muhammadar rasullullah: it has two pillars and they are: Attesting and ascribing to his message, Believing that he is a slave of Allah and His Worshipper Each of these two testimony also has its own conditions, so what are they conditions of laa ilaha ill allah? And what are the conditions of muhammadar rasullullah? ~| write each conditions out and provide proof for each conditions that we learned of |~ Conditions of laa ilaha ill allah: they are as follows with proof from the verses of Qur’an 'Ilm (Knowledge): 47:19 Yaqeen (Certainty): 49:15 Al-Ikhlaas (Sincerity): 39:1 As-Sidq (Truthfulness): 48:11 Al-Mahabbah (Love): 2:165 Al-Inqiyaad (Compliance): 31:22 Al-Qubool (Acceptance): 37:35 Rejection of anything worshipped besides Allaah: 2:256 Conditions of Muhammadar Rasullullah: accepting and believing in his message with heart and tongue following what he commanded, and abstaining from what he forbade believing in what he told us of past and future news loving him more than one’s self, his wealth, parents, children, and rest of mankind giving precedence to his saying over anyone else And acting according to his Sunnah What does the word “taghoot” mean? How many Categories of taghoot are there? What are they? ~| write each of them out |~ Meaning of the word Taghoot: Taghoot is all that is worshipped beside Allah (all false deities) Taghoot is of SIX Categories, and they are: whatever is worshipped instead of or in exclusion of Allah whoever exceeds the limit of obedience to other than Allah, and sets others as rivals to Allah, then himself is taghoot Istihlal – whoever makes halal that which Allah made haram, and whoever makes haram that which Allah made halal All that which opposes the Sharee’ah of Allah All false gods – idols, & Shaytan Those that are pleased being worshipped and call others to their worship The people of ignorance are divided into TWO categories, what are they and what is the ruling on each of them? Categories of People of Ignorance and Ruling upon them: the person is able to know the truth by himself but is negligence and careless, - so this person is sinful the person is not knowledgeable and is not able to learn, but just following blindly thinking it is the sharee’ah of Allah, - then there is nothing upon him and he is not held blameworthy 10 There are many things from actions and statements and belief that nullify one’s Islam, How many of them were mentioned by Shaykh Saleh as Saleh? What were they? There were TEN nullifier of Islam mentioned, and they are as follows: First: Shirk (associating partners) in the worship of Allaah Allaah says: "Verily, Allaah does not forgive that partners be associated with Him in worship (Shirk), but He forgives what is less than that to whom He wills." [Surah An-Nisaa: 116] And He says: "Verily, the one who mixes partners in worship with Allaah (Shirk), then Paradise has been made forbidden for him and his final abode will be the Hellfire And the wrongdoers will not have any helpers (in Hell)." [Surah Al-Maa'idah: 72] What falls into this is supplicating and invoking the deceased, seeking assistance from them, as well as making oaths to them and offering sacrificial animals to them Second: Whoever places intermediaries between himself and Allaah, asking them to intercede on his behalf, and relying on them, has committed disbelief according to the unanimous agreement of the scholars Third: Whoever does not hold the polytheists to be disbelievers, or has doubts about their disbelief or considers their ways and beliefs to be correct, has committed disbelief Fourth: Whoever believes that some guidance other than that of the Prophet's (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) is more complete than his guidance and that someone else's judgement is better than his judgement, such as those who prefer the judgement of the Tawaagheet (pl of Taaghoot; false deities/religions) over his judgement, then he is a disbeliever Fifth: Whoever hates something that the Messenger came with, even though he may act on it, has disbelieved, based on Allaah's saying: "That is because they disliked what Allaah sent down, so He nullified their (good) deeds." [Surah Muhammad: 9] Sixth: Whoever mocks or ridicules any part of the Messenger's Religion or its rewards or punishments has committed an act of disbelief The proof for this is Allaah's statement: "Say: 'Was it Allaah and His verses and His Messenger that you were mocking? Make no excuses, you have disbelieved after having had faith." [Surah At-Tawbah: 65-66] Seventh: Sorcery, which includes magic spells that causes a person to hate (sarf) [2] or love ('atf) [3] someone/something So whoever performs it or is pleased with it being done, has committed disbelief The proof for this is Allaah's statement: "And neither of these two (angels) would teach anyone until they had first said to them: 'We are only a trial (for the people), so not commit disbelief.'" [Surah Al-Baqarah: 102] Eighth: Supporting and assisting the polytheists against the Muslims The proof for this is Allaah's statement: "And whoever amongst you takes them (i.e the disbelievers) as allies and protectors then he is indeed from among them Verily, Allaah does not guide a wrong-doing [4] people." [Surah Al-Maa'idah: 51] Ninth: Whoever believes that it is permitted for some people to be free of (implementing) the Sharee'ah (revealed laws) of Muhammad (i.e Islaam), then he is a disbeliever, according to Allaah's statement: "And whoever seeks a Religion other than Islaam, it will never be accepted from him and in the Hereafter, he will be from among the losers." [Surah Aali 'Imraan: 85] Tenth: Turning away from Allaah's Religion, not learning it or implementing it (is an act of disbelief) The proof for this is Allaah's saying: "And who does more wrong [5] than he who is reminded [6] of the ayaat (signs/verses) of his Lord, then turns away [7] from them Verily, We shall extract retribution [8] from the criminals." [Surah As-Sajdah: 22] 11 What is the definition of Emaan? How many pillars of Emaan are there? What are they? What is your proof? Definition of Emaan: Emaan is firm belief in heart, attestation upon the tongue, and actions upon the limbs, and it increases with obedience and decreases with disobedience There are SIX pillars of Emaan, and they are: Belief in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, The Last Day, Belief in Pre-Decree, its good and bad The proof for this is: ~| state the proof with its citation |~ It is the hadith of Jibreel in Sahih Muslim, Narrated by Umar Radi Allahu Anhu 12 Did you know that belief in Allah consists of FOUR matters? Yes or NO ! 13 What are the Four matters of believe in Allah? ~| write each of these matters out |~ The Four Matters are: Belief in His Existence Belief in Oneness of His Lordship – Tawheed ar-Rubobiyah Belief in Oneness of His Worship – Tawheed al-Ulohiyyah Belief in Oneness of His Names and Attributers – Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifat 14 Belief in angel also consist of FOUR matters, what are these Four matters? ~| write them out |~ The four Matters are: The Belief in their existence To believe in those whose names are known to us, like Jibreel, and to generally believe in those whose Names we don not know The belief in what we know from their attributes, like that of Jibreel whom the prophet Moahmmed saw in his genuine shape in which he was created, having six hundred wings, and covering the hole horizon To believe in what we know of their deeds, which they perform in compliance with the Command of Allaah,like their Tasbeeh and worship of Allaah day and night without boredom or slackness 15 Belief in the revealed Books of Allah, consist of FOUR matters as well, what are these FOUR matters? ~| write each of them out |~ The four Matters are: First: To believe that the decent of the Books is truly from Allaah Second: To believe in the books whose names we know, each according to it’s name, like Al-Qura’an which was sent down unto Mohammed, At-Tawarat which was revealed to Musa, the Injeel which was brought down to ‘Eessaa and Az-Zaboor which was given to Dawood As to those Books, which we don’t know their names, we believe in them on the whole Third: To attest their authentic information like news told in the Qura’an and (or) in the old Scriptures as long as they are not altered or changed Fourth: Acting upon its un-abrogated statutes, accepting and submitting to them whether we realize the wisdom behind them or we don’t All of the old Scriptures are abrogated by the Great Qura’an Allaah said: And We have sent down to you the Book in truth confirming the scripture that came before it and Muhyminian ( trustworthy in highness and witness) over it ( old Scriptures).56 ( Qura’an 5:48) The Qura’an, therefore, is a Judge over all the old scriptures and accordingly it is forbidden to act upon to any of the statues of the old scriptures except what is authentic and acknowledged by the Qura’an 16 Who are the Five best Messengers of Allah? Who are two Best Messengers? Who is the best of all Messengers of Allah? The best FIVE Messengers’ name: Noah, Ibrahim, Musa, Isa, and Muhammad alayhe wa sallam The Best TWO Messengers’ name: Ibrahim and Muahammad alayhe wa sallam The best of all Messenger’s name: Muhammad sallallahu alayhe wa sallam 17 The belief on The Day of Resurrection consists of THREE matters, what are they? The THREE matters are: First: The belief in Resurrection, Which means giving life to the dead on the Day when the second Trumpet will be blown and mankind will stand before the Rabb of Al-Alameen ( mankind , jinns, and all the exists) They will stand bear-footed , completely naked , and uncircumcised 64:7, 23:15-16 Second: the belief in recompense and reckoning The ‘abd will be reckoned with and recompensed for his deeds 88:25-26 Third: The belief in what will occur on the day of Resurrection such as: intercession, scale, pool, giving records, bridge over the hell 18 There are many things that will take place on the Day of Resurrection, state SIX of them and give some detail about each of them! Safa - intercession – there are types of intercession – and first and major one is for our Prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam where he intercedes with Allah to start the accounting, 2nd one is also for our Prophet where he intercedes so the door of Jannah will be opened for those who deserves it, 3rd one also our for Prophet where he intercedes so that the punishment should be minimized for those who deserves it and amongst them is his uncle Abu Talib, 4th is for our Prophet and others that is the intercession for those who deserves hell that they should not be admitted to it, 5th is intercession for those who are in hell fire, that they should be taken out from it, 6th intercession is for people of Jannah that their rank in Jannah be elevated Haud – the Pool of our Prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, - that has width of month journey and length month journey, it has as many cups as stars in the sky, and its water is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey, and smells better than musk, whoever drinks from it will never feel thirsty again Sirat – bridge over the hell fire – feet won’t be firm on it, it has thorns and hocks, each side hock will pull down whoever it is commanded to pull down, the people will pass on it based on their deeds, some very fast like lightening, others as wind, or good horse, or walking pace, or crawl, others will pass with scratches, others will fall in hell Mijan – scale – to weight man’s deeds, true and real scale with two actual sides on it, whoever good deeds weight more will go to Jannah, if evil deeds more, then hell fire, if equal, Allah will forgive them for their shortcomings and admit them in Jannah by His Mercy Handing of Records – it is written by angels, records all that man did in his life, those who got their records on right hand, they are the successful ones, and those who got on their left hand, or behind their back, they are the miserable ones Al-Ard – the display – display of all mankind before Allah and they will be presented in a row and Allah will talk to us directly without a translator 19 What are the TWO conditions for the Intercession to be accepted by Allah? Two conditions are: permission of Allah the pleasure of Allah for the one on whose behalf intercession is sought 20 What are the TWO conditions for the acceptance of every action? Two conditions are: sincerity to Allah alone the deed must be according to Sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam 21 There are many signs of the Final Hour, these signs are divided into categories: Signs that took place Signs that are minor, Signs that are major FOR each of these three categories mention three examples Signs that took place – examples for it: life and death of our Prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, sending of him and his prophethood conquest of Jerusalem (al-quds) trial of 1st century of Hijra Signs that are minor – examples for it: building of fancy masjid prevalence of affliction, alcohol and promiscuity Excessive massacre Signs that are major – examples for it: the coming of Al-Mahdi – A just ruler coming of Dajjal – the most serious test that all Messengers warned against the blowing of trumpet 22 The belief in Death consist of the fact that we will be questioned in the grave after we are buried What are the THREE questions we will be asked by the TWO angels? State How the Believer will answer to these questions as well as Hypocrite! The Three Questions are: Who is your Lord? What is your religion? Who is your Prophet? The Response of the Believer to the above question is: May Lord is Allah My religion is Islam My Prophet is Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhe wa sallam And the Response of the Hypocrite to the above is: The hypocrite will say, “ah, ah, I don’t know, I heard the people say something and so I said it (the same)” 23 There are FOUR types of Pre-Decree – Al-Qadr, what are they? ~| write each of them out |~ They are: Takdir al-Amma – general decree: decree of Allah concerning everything that He knew, wrote down, willed and created Takdir al-Umri: what will take place in the life until the death of the slave of Allah Annual Takdir: this is taken place on the night of Qadr, Allah decrees every matter of ordainment in this night such as giving death, honor, might etc Takdir Al-Yawmi – daily: everyday a matter to bring forth, honor to some, disgrace to some, life to some and death to some 24 The Pre-Decree of Allah Consists of FOUR stages, what are these for Four Stages? They are: First: The Belief that Allaah knew every thing on the whole and in details which took place in the past and is taking or will take place in the future and forever, whether it is related to His Actions or the actions of His Ibaad (creatures) Second: The Belief that Allaah wrote (everything pertaining to His knowledge) in Al-louhul Alahafoudh.88 Regarding these two aspects (knowledge and writing) Allaah says: Know you that Allaah knows all that is in heaven and the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al-luhul Almahafoudh)! Verily, that is easy for Allaah (Qura’an 22:70) In Saheeh Muslim from the way of Abdullah bin ‘Amar bin Al’As, Who said “I heard Allaah Messenge saying”: ‘Allaah had written the ordained measures (and due proportions) of the creation, fifty-thousand years before the creation of the heavens and the earth” Third: The belief that all created things not come to exist except by the Will of Allaah making n o difference whether it pertains to His Action or to that of the created beings Allaah spoke about what pertains to His actions: Verily, your Rabb creates whatever He wills and choose (Qura’an 28-68) Fourth: The belief that all beings are created by Allaah including Thawaatiha (their slaves), their qualities and their motion Allaah said: Allaah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over all things (Qura’an 39:62) 25 What is Tawheed? How many Categories of Tawheed are there? What are they? Define of the categories of Tawheed! Defintion of Tahweed is: Tawheed is the servant's knowledge, belief, and outward acknowledgement that the Lord alone has every attribute of perfection The servant also believes that there is no one who shares with Him in these Attributes, none similar to Him in His Perfection, and that He possesses the sole right to be worshipped by all of His creation The servant then devotes all forms of worship to Him alone Tawheed is of THREE categories Name of Categories of Tawheed with its Definition is as follow: Tawhid Ar-Rububiyyah, or Oneness of the Lordship of Allah This means that Allah is the only Lord of all the worlds He is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Planner, the Organizer, the One Who gives life and causes death, etc Tawhid Al-Uluhiyyah, or the Oneness of the worship of Allah This means that no one has the right to be worshipped but Allah Tawhid Al-Asma’i Was-Sifat, or the Uniqueness of the Names and Attributes of Allah We must believe in all of Allah’s Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes; none can be named or given Allah’s Attributes which He has stated in the Qur’an or mentioned through His Messenger Muhammad, without changing them, ignoring them completely, twisting their meanings, or likening them to any of those of His creatures 26 What is Shirk? How many categories of Shirk are there? What are they? Give example for each form of Shikr! Defintion of Shirk: Shirk is to direct worship to other than Allah such as seeking refuge, and deliverance to other than Allah, making dua to other than Allah, vows to other than Allah, seeking from other than Allah in that which only Allah can and deliver Shirk is of THREE Categories, and they are as follows with its own example: Major Shirk: The major Shirk is bound to cause the good works of those who commit it to be vain and fruitless It is also bound to cause those who commit it to remain in Hell-fire for all eternity, as the Qur’an says: “But if they were to join others with Allah in worship, all that they used to would be of no benefit to them.” (6:88) Example: This type of Shirk is an unpardonable sin and includes, among other things, such acts as seeking assistance from the dead and the idols, supplicating them, making vows in their names and offering sacrifices to them Manir Shirk: This refers to everything that came in the Qur’an and Sunnah as shirk but doesn’t reach the level of major shirk To commit this type of Shirk does not take one out of the fold of Islam, nor does it cause those who commit it to abide in the Fire forever It rather goes against the ideal principles of Tawhid Example: The minor Shirk includes such things as showing off certain religious acts of worship, swearing by other than Allah, and one’s saying “If Allah and so-and-so wills.” Hidden Shirk: The evidence for the third category of Shirk, namely Shirk Al-Khafiyy, or the Hidden Shirk, comes from the prophetic tradition in which the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “Shall I not inform you about what I fear more for you than Antichrist?” The Companions replied, “Yes, O Allah’s Messenger.” Then he said, “It is the hidden Shirk A person stands up in prayer and tries to make it perfect when he realizes that others are looking at him.” (Imam Ahmad reported this Hadith on the authority of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri, radiyallahu ‘anhu) Detailed Questions and Answers on Tawheed and Shirk: Since now you know the definition of Tawheed, you should be able to realize as you read Qur’an, which verse contains which types of Tawheed After reading this verse, state how this one single verse of [114:001] contains all three types of Tawhee: Say: "I seek refuge with (Allâh) the Lord of mankind, Seeking Refuge: Tawheed of Worship The Lord of Mankind: Tawheed of Lordship Ar-Rab – The Lord: Tawheed Al-Asma was-Sifat Bring out THREE more verses that contain all Three Types of Tawheed? [113:001] Say: "I seek refuge with (Allâh), the Lord of the daybreak, [001.002] All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamỵn (mankind, jinns and all that exists) [019:065] Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship Do you know of any who is similar to Him? (of course none is similar or co-equal or comparable to Him, and He has none as partner with Him.) (There is nothing like Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.) Is it correct to say: if Allah wills and you will… Answer: YES , or NO If your answer to above question is NO, then state is the mistake in the above statement and how would you correct that mistake? ~| write out the statement in its correct form |~ The mistake is that, it shouldn’t be AND, rather it should be THEN, so the correct way to say it is: if Allah wills then you will… Is it correct to say: (1) I swear by Kaabaa, or (2) I swear by the Stars, or (3) I swear by my father? Answer: YES _ or NO If your answer to above question is NO, then write each of the Three statements in its correct form? I swear by the Lord of Kaabaa I swear by the Lord of the Stars I swear by the Lord of my father State For each situation, which categories of shirk they belong – Major Shirk, Minor Shirk, Hidden Shirk: Situations are: Someone in the middle of the Sea faced a strong cyclone; the person has no one to save at the moment But someone once told him, If he calls on pious dead Muslim at the time of his dress, that pious dead person will save him from whatever distress he was in mentioned in his class on Salah ~| Mention the # of units for each prayer either sunnah, or wajib or nawafil |~ List of All Wajib Prayer with its Unit # - rakah: rakah (unites) of Fajr Prayer rakah of Zuhr Prayer rakah of ‘Asr Prayer rakah of Magrib Prayer rakah of ‘Isa Prayer List of All Sunnah Prayers with its Unit # - rakah: rakah of sunnah before Fajr prayer rakah of sunnah before Zuhr prayer* rakah of sunnah after Zuhr prayer rakah of sunnah after Magrib prayer rakah of sunnah after ‘Isa prayer General Nawafil Prayers with its Unit # - rakah: rakah between every Adhan and Iqaamah rakah before ‘Asr prayer usually* rakah before Magrib prayer to 11 rakah of Witr prayer** * All FOUR rakah of optional prayer must be done by 2, which is to rakah with taslim and then another new rakah with taslim, or rakah straight with one sitting ** Witr prayer must be odd #, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, or 11 Detailed Study on Prayer and on Three Congregational Prayer What does the term Sunnah ar-Rawatib mean? How many Rakah of Sunnah of Rawatib are there? What’s the proof for it? Answer: the term Sunnah ar-Rawatib means: Regular Sunnah, they are 12 Rakah, and the proof is the hadith of Umm Habiba How you pray rakah of Sunnah prayer? Answer: you make them as rakah with taslim and then another rakah with taslim How many prayer has before it rakah of optional/sunnah prayer? Answer: prayers, and they are Zuhr and Asr Which prayer has rakah of sunnah prayer that is to be prayed between Adhan and Iqamah? Answer: Every prayer that has before it Adhaan and Iqamah – Five daily prayers How many rakah of witr prayer are there? What is the maximum rakah of witr you can pray and what is the minimum rakah of witr you can pray? What’s the proof for it? Answer: it is 11 rakah, that is the maximum and minimum is rakah, and proof is the hadith of: 'Aa'ishah (radyAllaahu 'anhaa) was asked about the Prophet's Night Prayer during Ramadaan, so she responded by saying: "Allaah's Messenger would not perform more than eleven rak'aat (for the night prayer) in Ramadaan or out of it…" Reported by Al-Bukhaaree, If you miss your witr prayer at night, when can you make it up? How can you make it up? Answer: if one misses witr at night, then he makes it up during the day, as even # of rakah doing them by If you used to pray rakah of witr prayer regular, then one night you missed, you should make up that prayer: (1) as rakah, (2) as rakah, (3) as rakah or (4) as rakah Answer: (2) as rakah, Who is obligated to pray the congregational prayer? And who is excused from praying the congregational prayer? Answer: it is obligatory on men, and not women, the congregational prayer is obligated on every men reaching the age of maturity Give details of Friday prayer: please give details of pray prayer and in doing so remember include these information the sunnah prayer before and after the Friday prayer, the condition for Friday prayer, who is obligated to it, how many rakah is Friday prayer, what are some sunnah acts related to Friday prayer, ruling with regards to making it up if one misses it, this prayer time and place, the suras of Qur’an to be recited etc - - This salah is binding on those on whom the Jama’ah prayer is binding those who resides in town it should be done on time for the residence it is binding this prayer is preceded by khutbahs as the prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam did this way it is considered as Jama’ah as long as there are legally responsible men are present, the requirement of 40 men is not correct because the hadith is weak the people who are excused from this prayer are: women, those who are ill and those who have legal excuse so they pray rakah of Zuhr prayer, it is bidah to rakah of Zuhr prayer after the Jumu’ah prayer this prayer is rakah and Imam leads this prayer reciting loudly in it it is sunnah to recite these surah in it: surah 62, 63, 87, and 88 in the khutbah the Imam should remind, admonish and teach people their religion, and address some of the issues that needs to be address but not making long The khutbahs should be short, and it shouldn’t be taken to spread political agenda and motives It is from the sign of Imam’s hikma that he shortens the khutbah and lengthens the prayer It is praise worthy to come to this prayer early, taking bath, putting on perfume, and also nice clothes because it is weekly Eid as came in sahih hadith about its marits There is no sunnah at the beginning of this prayer, rather one does as much as one able to, then sit to recite Qur’an, or make dhikr until the Imam comes to start There are rakah of Sunnah if one prays in the masjid and there are rakah if one prays in the house, as came in ahadeeth - One catches the Jumu’ah prayer if one catches a rakah of the prayer, if not then, one has to Zuhr prayer Give details of Two Eid prayer: please give details of pray prayer and in doing so remember include these information the sunnah prayer before and after the Friday prayer, the condition for Friday prayer, who is obligated to it, how many rakah is Friday prayer, what are some sunnah acts related to Friday prayer, ruling with regards to making it up if one misses it, time of this prayer, how to pray each rakah of this prayer, the place of its prayer, the surahs of Qur’an to be recited, etc - if is sunnah to have it in a open space, this is what the prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam did, as came in agreed upon hadith However, if it is needed due to hot, cold or rainy weather, it can be done indoor - it is sunnah to salah of Eidul-Adha early, and to delay the salah of Eidul-Fitr - the manner of praying rakah of Eid prayer is as follow: in the first rakah after the first takbir follow it up with takbir, raising hands with each takbir in the 2nd rakah, make takbir before reciting from Qur’an - it is sunnah to recite sura al-‘ala, al-Ghasiya and sura Saffat - it is sunnah that Imam gives khutbah after the prayer - it is sunnah to take bath, to put on perfume, to wear nice clothes - it is also sunnah to go to prayer in one way and to come back from prayer other way - one can make up the prayer if one misses it - the takbir is to be made night before the Eid day to until the Eid salah of Eidul-Fitr - General takbir of Eidul-Adha starts from Fajr prayer of Day of Arafah to the Asr prayer of the last day of Tashrik for those not in hajj For those in Hajj they start their takbir after throwing stones to Jamaratul Akabah to until the last day of Tashrik - The wording for Takbir is: Allaahu-Akbar Allaahu-Akbar Laa ilaaha illa Allah Wa-Allaahu Akbar Allaahu- Akbaar Wa lillaahil-Hamd - it is sunnah to congratulate on Eid day, some of the salaf did it, saying “taqabbal alal lahi minna wa minkum” Give details of Eclipse prayer: please give details of pray prayer and in doing so remember include these information the sunnah prayer before and after the Friday prayer, the condition for Friday prayer, who is obligated to it, how many rakah is Friday prayer, what are some sunnah acts related to Friday prayer, ruling with regards to making it up if one misses it, time of this prayer, how to pray each rakah of this prayer, the place of its prayer, the surahs of qur’an to be recited etc - it is sunnah to this prayer it is legal to it if there occurs the eclipse of sun or moon the prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam said in a hadith of Sahih Muslim that if you see any signs of eclipse then salah until it clears up - the prophet didn’t say to invite people to watch, to clap, to take pictures, and to have festivals, because it is a sign from the sign of Allah to contemplate about the horror of the Day of Resurrections to check for one’s sins and seek forgiveness and to give charity - this is what the prophet advised and people shows happiness and call tourists to watch the phenomena - this salah is rakah and manner of doing it is as follow: in the first rakah: one recites openly sura al-fatiha, and a long Surah of Qur’an, and then makes a long Ruku, and then comes up without going to Sujud, stand up and recites surah al-fatiha and a long surah from Qur’an, makes a long Ruku and then comes up and goes to sujud and makes long sujud in the 2nd rakah: he does the same thing as in the fisrt rakah, then sits for tashahud and makes taslim - there is no make up if one misses this salah - if one misses one rakah, then can make up other rakah in the same way - this salah can be done in the prohibited time because it is linked to a cause - the imam reminds people to seek forgiveness and admonish them and advice them to make tawbah Can you pray eclipse prayer in the haram time to pray as sunrise or sunset? Answer: Yes Who leads the rain prayer? Can you pray this prayer by yourself as well? If no, why? If yes, why? Answer: Imam leads the prayer No, one cannot go ahead by oneself to this prayer, because he needs the permission of the Imam – leader to it What shouldn’t s you and what should you when eclipse takes place? - We should salah and contemplate about the horror of the Day of Resurrections to check for our sins and seek forgiveness and to give charity And we shouldn’t these things as inviting people to watch, clap, take pictures, and have festivals 30 What are some signs that show one reached the age of Maturity or puberty for male and female? What is the distinguishing criterion to decide it? The Signs are: Reaching the age of 7, Growth of pubic hair Ejaculation in wet dreams Manse for girls The Criteria to decide is: every kid who understand what he is addressed with and can respond back has reached the age of maturity 31 There are types of purification, what are they? They are: major purification which to take bath – gushul minor purification which to make wudhu 32 There are ways of making gushul, each of them has its name, what these names? They are: sufficient gushul perfect gushul 33 How you make gushul that is perfect and guhusl that is sufficient? Give detail description of each? Detail description of Perfect Gushul: - wash the hands – right hand and then left then wash the private parts then make wudhu - then take some water and run finger into the roots of hair then put handful of water on head then put water on rest of the body – first on right side times and then left side times then wash the feet Detail description of Sufficient Gushul: - rinse mouth and wash the nose and then put water all over the body 34 What are the things that make gushul wajib? They are: - excretion of semen due to sexual desire, if it is wet dream, no need to take bath unless semen is seen even if there was no desire having sexual relationship with ones spouse – so long there is penetration then taking gushul is wajib death requires gushul for one who died gushul after manse and post-natal bleeding 35 If you make gushul, does it lift your major and minor impurity? Yes or No _ 36 There are SIX times, when is it DESIREABLE/recommended to make gushul, what are these times? The recommended time of gushul are: gushul on the day of Jumu’ah after washing the dead body gushul on two Eid days after gaining consciousness upon entering ihram for Hajj and Umrah upon entering Makkah 37 Filth is of types, and each has its own way of removing, state each of these categories of filth and how one should remove them? Category one’s name intensive impurity – an-nazasatul mugallada, and way of Removing: it is for licking of dogs, and way to is that you wash times with water and last time with earth/mud Category two’s name medium impurity, and way of Removing: this covers rest of the filth and what is required here is the removal of the effect of the filth with whatever can remove it either steam, water, wind, rain etc the point is to remove it, with what and how many times is not important Category three’s name light impurity and way of Removing: the urine of baby boy who didn’t eat regular food yet, it is enough to sprinkle over the urine water, no need for rubbing, however for the baby girl urine it must be washed, light spots of blood – it is pardonable, Mazi – is impurity, it is the prosthetic fluid discharge due to sexual excitement It is enough to wash the private parts and make wudhu 38 What is the proof that water must be greater than filth when removing the filth? The proof is: the hadith of Baduin narrated by Abu Huriara, in Sahih Al-Bukharee, the book of good manner The prophet ordered for a bucket of water to be poured over the place where the beduin has passed urine 39 How should you clean urine of a baby boy and a baby girl who has not eaten regular food yet? The way is: the urine of baby boy who didn’t eat regular food yet, it is enough to sprinkle over the urine water, no need for rubbing, however for the baby girl urine it must be washed 40 Do you need have niyah – intention when you are removing filth? YES or NO _ 41 Do you need to have niya for actions as wudhu? YES _ or NO _ 42 What should a person who sees some filth on his dress during the prayer? What is the proof for the action taken by the person? Action of the one who sees filth on dress during prayer: he removes the filth during the prayer and then continues with the prayer Proof for the above taken action: the proof is the hadith of Jibreel where he informed the prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam about some filth on his show, so the prophet took of the shoe and continued with the prayer but he didn’t redo the prayer 43 What should a person do, who remembers after finishing the prayer that he prayed without wudhu? Action of the person: he has to repeat the full prayer again after doing the wudhu 44 Can you pray with a dress that had some filth on it and then later on it was removed by rain without your intention to remove it? YES _ _or NO _ 45 What is the awrah of Men and what is the Awrah of Women in Prayer? Awrah of Men: naval to knees for man, if he is able to cover both of his shoulder, he should, if not, one shoulder Awrah of Women: all of women is awrah except for her face however if she is in front of non-mahram she should cover her face as well 46 The categories of dresses are THREE, state each categories with examples under it! 1st Category with its example: all dresses are halal for men and women except for what Allah made haram and His Messengers because Allah created us 2nd Category with its Example: that which is haram for both men and women like dresses taken by force, stolen, the dresses of kafir – leading to imitating them, also dresses particular to one sex, worn by other – men wear women dresses and women wear men, putting dresses of kafir on kids is haram, whoever does so will be held responsible for it as when these kids grow up they won’t stop wearing them easily 3rd Category with its Example: forbidden for male but halal for female, such as gold, silk – except in case of need like dermatological disease and skin illness 47 What are the times for FIVE Obligatory prayers during the day and night – when it begins and when it ends? 1st prayer: from the break of dawn to until the sunrise 2nd Prayer: when sun passes the meredian and man’s shadow is of the same length as his height and it lasts until the time of ‘Asr prayer 3rd prayer: time of ‘Asr prayer is as long as the sun has not become yellow 4th prayer: as long as the twilight has not disappeared 5th prayer: it is up to midnight 48 What are the prayers that you can combine? When can you combine them? The Prayer that you can combine: Zuhr + ‘Asr, and Magrib + ‘Isha – combine at the time of either prayer The reasons that allows you to combine them: rain, illness, travel, fear, also if one knows one will miss a prayer due to surgery or similar reasons 49 How you expiate for a prayer that you missed or forgot to pray? Expiation for a prayer missed or forgot to do: If you sleep over a salah, then you make it up when you wake up, and if you forget a prayer, then make it up when you remember 50 What should you when you cannot find the kiblah or you not know in which direction it is? State your taken action: if you don’t know the qiblah, then strive for it, ask the people to find out, and Allah doesn’t burden a soul more than it can bear 51 How you make niya – intention for a prayer or any other act of worship? What is the proof for it? How to make Niyah: the place of niya is in the heart, not upon the tongue with words Proof for the above action – stated with citation: hadith of Umar radi allahu anhu from Sahih Bukhare and Muslim, where it says, every action is by intention Answer to these below Questions as YES or NO Questions: Answer: YES 52 Is it halal to pray Zuhr prayer behind an Imam doing Asr prayer? 53 Is it halal for one being lead in prayer to become one leading the prayer? 54 Is it halal to make nawafil prayer behind an Imam doing wajib prayer? 55 Is it halal to change the niya – intention of prayer? 56 Is it halal for one leading the prayer to become one led in prayer? 57 Is it halal for one praying single to join a Jama’ah during his prayer? 58 Is it halal to become single in prayer while before was in Jama’ah? 59 Is it halal to become Imam before being single in prayer due because someone later on joined in? Answer: NO 60 What is it to state the niya – intention of any action upon the tongue saying, o Allah I intend to make this and that… Answer: Bidha - innovation 61 Is it halal for you to sit in sunnah/nawafil to pray even if you have ability to pray standing? If yes, why? If no, why? What’s your proof? Answer: YES because: Proof: "[Sometimes] when he intended to pray non-obligatory prayers on his she-camel, he would make it face the qiblah, say takbeer, and pray towards wherever his mount turned its face." [Sunan Abu Dawod] 62 Who is excused from reciting surah fatiah? Answer: One who joins the Jam’ah prayer late and catches the ruku 63 What is obligatory upon one who doesn’t know how to recite surah fatiha? What should one recite when doesn’t know anything from Qur’an to recite including Fatiha? Answer: he should say then only: allahu akbar, alhamdulillah, la ilaha ill allah 64 What are the limbs of body that you must make sujud on? What’s the proof for it? Answer: plums of two hands, two knees, toes of both feet, nose, forehead Proof: hadith of Sahih Al-Bukharee and Muslim where the prophet said he was ordered to make sujud on limbs Write the translation – meaning in English for the Tashahud below: “Attahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wattayyibatu Assalamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakatuhu Assalamu ‘alaina wa ‘ala ‘ibad-illah-issalihin, Ash-hadu an la’ilaha illallahu, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluh Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ‘ali Muhammadin, kama sallaita ‘ala Ibrahima, wa ‘ala ‘ali Ibrahima, Innaka Hamidun Majid Allahumma barik ‘ala Muhammadin, wa ‘ala ‘ali Muhammadin, kama barakta ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ‘ali Ibrahima, Innaka Hamidun Majid.” Translation – Meaning: “Greetings to Allah, and blessings and goodness, Peace and mercy and blessings of Allah be on you, O Prophet May peace be upon us and on the righteous slaves of Allah I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger O Allah, send Your Favour (Graces and Honours) on Muhammad and on the family of Muhammad as You have sent Your Favor (Graces and Honours) on Ibrahim and on the family of Ibrahim You are the Most Praised, Most Glorious O Allah, bestow Your Blessings on Muhammad and on the family of Muhammad as You have blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim You are the Most Praised, Most Glorious.” 65 If you talk in salah out of ignorance or forgetfulness, does it nullify your prayer? If yes, what’s your proof and if no what’s your proof? Answer: NO, the Proof: the hadith of Muawiya ibn Hakam as-Solami of Sahih Muslim – where he talked in salah and the prophet didn’t tell him to redo the salah but said, it is for recitation of qur’an, takbir, and tasbih 66 What is fasting? State two things about it Fasting is: fasting is ibadah to Allah, refraining from eating, drinking and sexual relationship and all other nullifier of fasting from dawn to sunset ibadah to Allah means to attain Taqwa 67 What should you when you see the moon of month of Ramadan and Month of Shawal? I would do… magnify Allah saying Takbir – Allahu Akbar 68 There are FOUR conditions for fasting, what are they? The FOUR Conditions are: Islam Reaching the age of maturity Being sain Ability to fast 69 What is Taqwah? Tawqah is…leave of all that Allah has forbidden and obeying Allah in all that Allah as ordained 70 When will Ramadan become the real turning point of our life? What are things that lead to that turning point? Answer: when we leave off saying falsehood, all that is haram, lying, backbiting, insult, slandering, and also leaving of jahal - foolishness, unsound saying and actions, such as listening to music, and all that is haram 71 There are many that nullify one’s fasting, State SIX major nullifier of fasting that were first mentioned by Shaykh Saleh as Saleh? Nullifier of fasting: legal sexual relationship during the day deliberate semen discharge by self stimulation by sexual advancement eating and drinking willfully cupping willingly vomiting manse and post-natal bleeding Answer to these below Questions as YES or NO Questions: Answer: YES Does use of ears drop break the fast? Does use of eye drop break the fast? Does use of nose spray break the fast? Does medical injection without any food additive break the fast? Does Kidney dialysis with food additive break the fast? Does medical injection with any food additive break the fast? Does oxygen take in break the fast? Does regular blood analysis break the fast? Does smell perfume break the fast if it has mass? Does smell perfume break the fast if it doesn’t have mass? 10 Does taking gushul to cool down break fast? 11 Does using brush or siwaq break the fast if the toothpaste has food additive? 12 Does using brush break the fast if the toothpaste has no food additive? 13 Does use of kohl on eye break the fast? 14 Does eating or drinking forgetfully break the fast? 15 Does wet dream break one’s fast? 16 Does going of some water inside stomach unintentionally during wudhu break the fast? 17 Does going of some water inside stomach intentionally during wudhu break the fast? 18 Is it halal to make niya to fast in a state of sexual impurity? 19 It is halal for one who become pure from period before the down break to start the fast, make niya to fast? 20 Is it halal to wet the dry lips during the fast with water so long water doesn’t go inside the stomach? 21 Is it halal to wash the mouth as well without being extensive in that during the fast? Answer: NO 72 There are many sunnah acts in Ramadan, state no less than acts of sunnah during the fasting days? Sunnah Acts: hurrying to break the fast after sunset delaying the Suhur – keeping it close to Fajr time It is sunnah to break the fast with fresh dates, if not dry dates, if not then water It is sunnah to make dua at the time of iftar The Rulings for Making Up Missed Days of Fast: on the left side box are people who missed the fast, and on the right box, you have ruling on them with regard to making up the missed days of fat (left side box people) You will be given one side information, and you are obligated to provide other side information The people who missed fast The old people who reached an age where they can no longer distinguish between things are to Ruling on them with regard to making up the fasts No need to fast and there is no expiation either Those who cannot fast continuously due to old age or incurable disease They are to feed a meskin (poor person) for each missing days of fast with ½ saa’ of food Traveler Elder who are ill with curable disease Make up when comes back to residence for the days he missed Makes up the days when they get better The women on period and post-natal bleeding Make up the days when becomes pure Pregnant women and breast feeding women if they fear for themselves or their baby then she breaks the fast, Two opinions: they can make up the days or they feed the poor people instead of making up Whoever breaks the fast due to need, then Then make up for that day 73 The traveler has THREE situations with regard to fasting during his travel, STATE those THREE Situations! Situation one: if hard to make the fast, intensely hard, then it is haram for him to fast Situation two: if it s hard on him but not too hard, then it is disliked for him to fast Situation three: if it is not hard on him, he chooses, but if it is the same, then it is better for him to fast 74 There are many virtuous acts of worship during the Days of Ramadan, State at least SEVEN of them! fasting in itself is a great marit night prayer reciting Qur’an giving charity and doing good deeds Umrah Ittikaf in last 10 days and nights of Ramadan Giving breakfast for one fasting 75 There are many Voluntary Fasts during the year, State SIX voluntary days of Fast that we have learned about! fasting Monday and Thursday days of each month, 13, 14, 15, preferable to on odd days, no harm if spreads them fasting on the day of Arafah and Ashura fast on the month of Muharram and Shabaan fast days of Shawal fast on first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah Matching: Match these terms with appropriate statements below They are listed below insha-Allah Terms: The Conditions of Prayers The Pillars of Prayers Obligations of Prayers Tashahhud in Prayers Sunan of Prayers Invalidators of Prayers Conditions of Wudu’ Obligations of Wudu’ Invalidators of Wudu’ The Conditions of Prayers The conditions of prayers in Islam are nine They are: Islam Sanity Discernment Major and minor cleanliness Removal of impurity Covering the private parts Commencement of the actual time of prayer Facing the Qiblah Intention Pillars of Salah, or Prayers The pillars of prayers are fourteen They are: Standing with the ability to so The Takbir which signals the commencement of prayers The recitation of Surat Al-Fatihah The act of bowing Rising from it (bowing) Standing (all the way) upright after bowing Prostrating on the seven parts Rising from it (prostration) Sitting between the two prostrations 10 Deep concentration, peacefulness and tranquility during all acts of prayers 11 The recitation of the final Tashahhud 12 Sitting while reciting the final Tashahhud 13 Invoking Allah’s blessing upon the Prophet, peace be upon him 14 The pronouncement of the two Taslim The Obligations of Salah The obligations of prayers are eight They are: All the other Rakbirat apart from the Takbir which signals the commencement of prayers One’s saying, “Sami’-Allahu liman hamidahu.” For both the Imam and the person who is praying individually One’s saying, Rabbana wa lakal-hamdu for the Imam, those who are following him, and the person who is praying individually One’s saying, Subhana Rabbiyal-‘Azim while bowing One’s saying, Subhana Rabbiyal-A’la while prostrating One’s saying, Rabbigh-fir Li between the two prostrations The recitation of the first Tashahhud Sitting while reciting the first Tashahhud The Sunan of Prayers These include the following: The supplication of Istiftah, or the commencement of prayers Placing the palm of one’s right hand on the left hand over one’s chest in the standing position Raising one’s hands with the fingers joined together parallel to one’s shoulders or ears upon the firs Takbir, upon bowing, rising from bowing, and upon standing to begin the third Rak’ah after the first Tashahhud Pronouncing Tasbih more than once while bowing and prostrating One’s saying Rabbighfir li “Forgive me, my Lord” more than once while sitting between the two prostrations Making one’s upper arms from one’s sides and one’s stomach from one’s thighs while prostrating Lifting one’s arms and elbows from the floor while prostrating Lifting one’s arms and elbows from the floor while prostrating Resting on one’s left leg while raising the right foot erect with the toes bent forward while reciting the first Tashahhud and between the two prostrations 10 Resting on one’s haunch during the final Tashahhud, while raising the right foot erect with the toes bent forward 11 Invoking Allah’s peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, peace be upon him, and his family as well as upon Prophet Ibrahim and his family in the first Tashahhud 12 Supplications in the final Tashahhud 13 To recite the Qur’an loudly in Fajr prayers as well as in the first two Rak’at of Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers 14 To recite the Qur’an quietly in Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers, in the third Rak’ah of Maghrib prayer, and in the last two Rak’at of ‘Isha’ prayer 15 To recite any other Surah of the Qur’an besides Surah Al-Fatihah, while observing the rest of the Sunan of the prayers other than what we have briefly mentioned here Invalidators of Prayer The invalidators of prayer are eight They are as follows: To talk intentionally while knowing that this act invalidates prayer To talk out of ignorance or forgetfulness does not, however, invalidate one’s prayer Laughter Eating Drinking Exposure of one’s private parts Extreme divergence from the direction of Qiblah Excessive and continuous movements during prayers The breaking of one’s Wudu’ Conditions of Wudu’ The conditions of Wudu’ are ten They are as follows: Islam Sanity Discernment Intention Accompanying the ruling of the intention This means that one does not intend to interrupt Wudu’ until it is completed Complete cessation of that which requires one to perform Wudu’ (such as urine and stool) Washing one’s private parts with water or a dry substance (i.e., soil, stones, toilet paper, etc.) Purity and permissibility of the water with which one intends to perform Wudu’ To remove anything that may prevent water from reaching the skin 10 Commencement of the actual prayer time for those whose state of breaking Wudu’ is continuous against their will The Obligatory Acts of Wudu’ The obligatory acts of Wudu’ are six They are as follows: Washing the face including the mouth and the nostrils Washing the hands up to the elbows Passing wet hands over the head including the ears Washing the feet up to the ankles Observing the right order in Wudu’ Observing constancy and continuity between the acts of Wudu’ Invalidators of Wudu’ The invalidators of Wudu’ are six They are: Discharging anything from the two natural orifices Discharging anything from the body that is deemed filthy and impure Entering into a state of unconsciousness as a result of sleep or anything else Touching one’s private parts (the sexual organ or the rectum) without a ‘partition’ (such as gloves) Eating camel meat Apostasy from Islam (May Allah save the Muslims from falling into it) The end of Final Exam
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