12 đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2018 có lời giải chi tiết

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Để giúp các bạn học sinh củng cố lại phần kiến thức đã học, biết cấu trúc ra đề thi như thế nào và xem bản thân mình mất bao nhiêu thời gian để hoàn thành đề thi này. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo 12 Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2018 có lời giải chi tiết dưới đây để có thêm tài liệu ôn thi. SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 LẦN MÔN: TIẾNG ANH – LỚP 12 ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề thi 04 trang) Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề Mã đề: 801 (230951) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Câu 1: Tung: “Your shoes are terrific, Tuan The colour quite suits you.” Tuan: “ ” A Really? B Do you like them? C You must be kidding My shirt is nice, isn’t it? D I’m glad you like them Câu 2: Lan: “Would you say the Great Wall is among the seven man-made wonders of the world?” Trang: “ ” A That’s the least I could B Do you think so, too? C There’s no doubt about that D It was created by ancient Chinese people, wasn’t it? (230960) Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from to Back in the 1960s and 1970s, the world was becoming more aware of the destructive effects of industry (3) the environment and people were starting to think seriously about ways of protecting the environment One man who was particularly affected by this subject was Gerard Morgan-Grenville As Morgan-Grenville travelled round earning his living as a gardener, he noticed signs of the damage that was being done to the countryside around him It wasn't long before Morgan-Grenville decided that he had to something about this situation He felt that if people could be shown a better way of living then maybe they would be interested enough to try to protect their (4) environment Mr Morgan-Grenville decided to set up a project (5) would prove what was happening to our surroundings and what could be done about it So, in 1975, Morgan-Grenville created the Centre for Alternative Technology (CAT) in a village in Wales The main aim of CAT is to search for an ecologically better way of living by using technology which (6) no harm to the environment One of the most important things CAT did initially was to explore and demonstrate a wide range of techniques and to point out which ones had the least destructive results on the world around us (7) _, CAT provides information and advice to people all over Britain and all over the world If more and more individuals are informed about how much damage our modern lifestyle is causing to the planet, maybe more of them would be prepared to look for practical solutions to environmental problems Câu 3: A for B to C with D on Câu 4: A worthless B valueless C precious D priceless Câu 5: A that B he C it D this Câu 6: A gets B makes C plays D does Câu 7: A Therefore B However C Moreover D Although (230971) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Câu 8: A volunteer B trust C fuss D judge Câu 9: A houses B services C passages D techniques (230974) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Câu 10: Since the death of Laura's father, her mother has become a breadwinner to support the family A a person who bakes bread every morning B a bakery-owner C a person who delivers bread to make money D a person who goes out to work to earn money Câu 11: Peter is the black sheep of the family, so he is never welcomed there A a beloved member B a bad and embarrassing member C the only child D the eldest child (230984) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Câu 12: Children are expected to make the right thing both at school and at home A to make B the C are expected D both Câu 13: We will have a fund-raising dinner at Rex Hotel tonight A at B will have C a D fund-raising Câu 14: It was on 12th April, 1961 when the first human, a Soviet cosmonaut, flew into space A a Soviet cosmonaut B when C flew D into space (231004) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Câu 15: His physical condition was not an impediment to his career as a violinist He has won a lot of prizes A difficulty B barrier C advantage D disadvantage Câu 16: Both universities speak highly of the programme of student exchange and hope to cooperate more in the future A express disapproval of B voice opinions on C find favor with D resolve a conflict over (231014) Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 17 to 24 The difference between the nuclear family and the extended family is that a nuclear family refers to a single basic family unit of parents and their children, whereas the extended family refers to their relatives such as grandparents, in-laws, aunts and uncles, etc In many cultures, and particularly indigenous societies, the latter is the most common basic form of social organization A nuclear family is limited, according to Kristy Jackson of Colorado State University, to one or two parents (e.g a father and mother) and their own child, or children, living together in a single house or other dwellings In anthropology, they only must be related in this fashion; there is no upper or lower limit on the number of children in a nuclear family The extended family is a much more nebulous term, but in essence refers to kin or relations not covered by the above definition In historical Europe and Asia as well as in Middle Eastern, African, and South American Aboriginal cultures, extended family groups were typically the most basic unit of social organization The term can differ in specific cultural settings, but generally includes people related in age or by lineage Anthropologically, the term “extended family” refers to such a group living together in a household, often with three generations living together (grandparents, parents, and children) and headed in patriarchal societies by the eldest man or by some other chosen leadership figure However, in common parlance, the term “extended family” is often used by people simply to refer to their cousins, aunts, uncles, and so on, even though they are not living together in a single group Historically, most people in the world have lived in extended family groupings rather than in nuclear families This was even true in Europe and in the early United States, where multiple generations often lived together for economic reasons During the 20th century, average income rose high enough that living apart as nuclear families became a viable option for the vast majority of the American population In contrast, many indigenous societies and residents of developing countries continue to have multiple generations living in the same household The rise of the nuclear family in the modern West does not necessarily mean that family arrangements have stabilized, either The rapid growth in single-parent households, for instance, also represents a substantial change in the traditional nuclear family More couples are also choosing not to have children at all Câu 17: What is the passage mainly about? A The dominance of nuclear families over extended ones B The dominance of extended families over nuclear ones C A distinction between nuclear families and extended ones D The changes of family types over times Câu 18: The word “the latter” in paragraph refers to A family unit B relatives C the nuclear family D the extended family Câu 19: Historically, extended families were the most basic unit of social organization in all of the following places EXCEPT A The Middle East B Asia C North America D Europe Câu 20: The word “patriarchal” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A ruled or controlled by men B equal for both men and women C simple with no rules and laws D modern with advanced facilities Câu 21: According to the passage, single-parent households A are not defined by anthropologists B are the existing trend of family arrangement C are included in the term “nuclear family” D are on the decrease Câu 22: The word “viable” in paragraph could be best replaced by A impossible B possible C explainable D fashionable Câu 23: Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A Since the 20th century, more and more American couples have lived in extended families because of the financial burdens B Nuclear families are the most basic form of social organization all over the world C The popularity of nuclear families in western countries helps to stabilize family arrangement D Traditional nuclear families have changed a lot over times Câu 24: What can be inferred from the reading passage? A Indigenous communities have been completely eradicated all over the world B In the future, all extended families will be replaced by nuclear ones C Anthropology is a science concerning human race and its development D Couples with no children can’t be defined as families (231051) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Câu 25: She didn’t understand the benefits of volunteering until she joined this club A Not until she joined this club did she understand the benefits of volunteering B It was not until she joined this club did she understand the benefits of volunteering C Not until did she join this club, she understood the benefits of volunteering D Not until she joined this club that she understood the benefits of volunteering Câu 26: He didn’t prepare well for his GCSE examination and he regrets it now A Unless he had prepared well for his GCSE examination, he wouldn’t regret it now B But for his ill preparation for his GCSE examination, he wouldn’t regret it now C If it hadn’t been for his good preparation for his GCSE examination, he wouldn’t regret it now D If he had prepared well for his GCSE examination, he wouldn’t have regretted it now Câu 27: People believe that Chinese people invented paper A Paper is believed to have been invented by Chinese people B Paper is believed to be invented by Chinese people C It was believed that Chinese people invent paper D Chinese people are believed to invent paper (231065) Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34 The weather is a national obsession in Britain, perhaps because it is so changeable It's the national talking point, and most people watch at least one daily weather forecast Most of the viewers imagine that the presenter does little more than arrive at the studio a few minutes before the broadcast, read the weather, and then go home In fact, this image is far from the truth The two-minute bulletin which we all rely on when we need to know tomorrow's weather is the result of a hard day's work by the presenter, who is actually a highly-qualified meteorologist Every morning, after a weather forecaster arrives at the TV studios, his/her first task of the day is to collect the latest data from the National Meteorological Office The information is very detailed and includes predictions, satellite and radar pictures, as well as more technical data After gathering all the relevant material from this office, the forecaster has to translate the scientific terminology and maps into images and words which viewers can easily understand The final broadcast is then carefully planned The presenter decides what to say and in what order to say it Next a “story board” is drawn up which lays out the script word for word The time allocated for each broadcast can also alter This is because the weather report is screened after the news, which can vary in length The weather forecaster doesn't always know how much time is available, which means that he/she has to be thoroughly prepared so that the material can be adapted to the time available What makes weather forecasting more complicated is that it has to be a live broadcast and cannot be prerecorded Live shows are very nerve-racking for the presenter because almost anything can go wrong Perhaps the most worrying aspect for every weather forecaster is getting the following day's predictions wrong Unfortunately for them, this is not an unusual occurrence; the weather is not always possible to predict accurately These days, a weather forecaster's job is even more complicated because they are relied upon to predict other environmental conditions For example, in the summer the weather forecast has to include the pollen count for hay fever sufferers Some also include reports on ultraviolet radiation intensity to help people avoid sunburn The job of a weather forecaster is certainly far more sophisticated than just pointing at a map and describing weather conditions It's a job for professionals who can cope with stressful and challenging conditions Câu 28: The passage is mainly about A weather forecast in England B a weather forecaster’s job C the most widely watched TV programme D the competition between weather forecast and other TV programmes Câu 29: The word “bulletin” in paragraph is closest in meaning to A show B advertisement C report Câu 30: In Britain, people's attitude to the weather D forecast A is a national problem B depends on the prediction being for a sunny or rainy day C is quite neglectful D makes it a top discussion topic Câu 31: What does the word “this” in paragraph refer to? A the weather forecaster's worry B the complication of a live broadcast C giving a forecast that doesn't come true D an accurate prediction Câu 32: Creating a weather report is complex because A the information includes unreliable predictions B radar pictures are technical C maps have to be drawn D a lot of data has to be interpreted Câu 33: Weather forecasters have to know the material well because _ A the forecast may be incorporated into the news broadcast B they sometimes need to change it to meet the time limitation C the broadcast is pre-recorded D they don’t make the bulletins by themselves Câu 34: What can be inferred from the passage? A British people are concerned with weather because it affects their economy B Weather forecasting is among demanding jobs C TV reporters need to learn by heart what to say D To become a weather forecaster, you must graduate from a prestigious university (231080) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Câu 35: Alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages It’s not easy to make full use of them A Because alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages, it’s not easy to make full use of them B Alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages, so it’s not easy to make full use of them C Despite their environmental advantages, it’s not easy to make full use of alternative sources of energy D Although alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages, but it’s not easy to make full use of them Câu 36: Human beings have destroyed the environment for a long time They are now paying a high price for this A Because having destroyed the environment for a long time, human beings are now paying a high price for this B Having destroyed the environment for a long time, human beings are now paying a high price for this C On destroying the environment for a long time, they are now paying a high price for this D After being destroyed for a long time, the environment is now paying a high price (231087) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Câu 37: A polite B roommate C diverse D apply Câu 38: A interfere B athletics C agrarian D available (231090) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Câu 39: On hearing that she failed the entrance exam, Trang couldn’t help A bursting B burst Câu 40: Arranging flowers A is C to bursting B are C were B look down on Câu 42: Peter has a separate room for his musical A instruments D to burst among my mother’s hobbies Câu 41: She didn’t enjoy her first year at college because she failed to A come in for into tears B equipment D have been _ her new friends C go down with C tools Câu 43: We have just visited disadvantaged children in an orphanage A located B locating C which locates Câu 44: Most people believe that school days are the A better B best Câu 45: My aunt gave me a D get on with D facilities in Bac Ninh Province D to locate days of their life C more best D good hat on my 16th birthday A nice yellow new cotton B new nice cotton yellow C new nice yellow cotton D nice new yellow cotton Câu 46: The interviewer asked me what experience A you get B did I get for the job C I got Câu 47: He is a good team leader who always acts A decisively B decisive Câu 48: They have just set off They A can’t be D you got in case of emergency C decision D decide on their way there B must have been Câu 49: Vietnamese students are forced to take C should have been D must be entrance examination before being admitted to entrance examination A an/the B an/ a C the/ the Câu 50: Today, the old couple has their family and friends A attend B to attend D Ø/ a their golden wedding anniversary C attended HẾT D attending Question Question Question Question Question Question Question Question Question Question 10 Question D C D D A D C A D B Question 11 Question 12 Question 13 Question 14 Question 15 Question 16 Question 17 Question 18 Question 19 Question 20 D A C A C A C D C A Question 21 Question 22 Question 23 Question 24 Question 25 Question 26 Question 27 Question 28 Question 29 Question 30 C B D C C B A B C D Question 31 Question 32 Question 33 Question 34 Question 35 Question 36 Question 37 Question 38 Question 39 Question 40 C D B B C B B A A A Question 41 Question 42 Question 43 Question 44 Question 45 Question 46 Question 47 Question 48 Question 49 Question 50 D A A B D C A D B A Kiến thức: hội thoại giao tiếp Tạm dịch: Tung: “Giày cậu trông tuyệt quá, Tuấn Màu sắc hợp cậu phết đấy.” Tuan: “ ” Giày cậu trông tuyệt quá, Tuấn Màu sắc hợp cậu phết A Thật chứ? B Cậu thích chúng khơng? C Cậu đùa Áo đẹp không? D Tôi vui cậu thích chúng Đáp án: D Question Kiến thức: hội thoại giao tiếp Tạm dịch: Lan: “Cậu nghĩ Vạn Lý Trường Thành kỳ quan nhân tạo giới không?” Trang: “ ” A Đó điều nhỏ tớ làm B Cậu nghĩ khơng? C Khơng nghi ngờ điều D phải tạo người Hoa cổ? Đáp án: C Question Kiến thức: từ vựng, giới từ Giải thích: effect (on/upon somebody/something): ảnh hưởng đến ai/ Đáp án: D Question Kiến thức: từ vựng Giải thích: A worthless (adj): khơng giá trị B valueless (adj): khơng giá trị C precious (adj): quý giá D priceless (adj): vô giá Đáp án: D Question Kiến thức: mệnh đề quan hệ Giải thích: THAT đại từ quan hệ người lẫn vật, dùng thay cho who, whom, which mệnh đề quan hệ xác định Đáp án: A Question Kiến thức: Collocations ( kết hợp từ) Giải thích: to harm (to…): làm hại đến Đáp án: D Question Kiến thức: liên từ Giải thích: A Therefore: Do B However: Tuy nhiên C Moreover: Hơn nữa, D Although: Mặc dù Đáp án: C Dịch đọc: Quay trở lại năm 1960 1970, giới ngày nhận thức tác động tàn phá ngành công nghiệp môi trường người bắt đầu suy nghĩ nghiêm túc cách bảo vệ môi trường người đàn ơng đặc biệt bị ảnh hưởng chủ đề Gerard Morgan-Grenville Khi Morgan-Grenville làm ăn kiếm sống người làm vườn, ông nhận thấy dấu hiệu thiệt hại xảy vùng nông thôn xung quanh Không lâu trước Morgan-Grenville định ông phải làm tình Ơng cảm thấy người bảo cách sống tốt họ quan tâm đủ để cố gắng bảo vệ môi trường vô giá họ 10 Question 17 If people‟s interference with the environment decreases, more species will survive and produce offspring A result B descent C ancestor D children Question 18 Many scientists agree that global warming poses great threats to all species on Earth A irritations B annoyances C fears D risks Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 19 Not only my study but my hobbies also really keep me occupied every time A worried B busy C free D relaxing Question 20 For example, you can play a ballad, then move on to something more energetic such as rock 'n' roll A languid B soft C ill D slow Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges Question 21 A - “Would you mind lending me your bike?” B - “ _.” A Yes, let’s B Not at all C Great D Yes Here it is Question 22 Sara:” How you feel about his comment”? Marry: _ A Yes, it’s a very good idea B I don’t think he knew what he was saying C I’m afraid I disagree with you D If you ask me, I feel tired Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27 In the home a dad is very important He is the (23) who provides us with money to feedand clothe ourselves He can decorate your bedroom, mend your radio, make cages for your pets,repair a puncture in your bicycle tyre and help you with maths homework A dad can be very usefulfor (24) you in the car to and from parties, music and dancing lessons A dad is the person whom you ask for pocket money He is the one who (25) about the timeyou spend talking on the phone, as he has to pay for the bills Dad is someone who will support you in a(n) (26) , if he believes you to be right He is someone who reads your school (27) and treats if it is good A dad likes to come into a nice happy home evening, and settle back in his chair with a newspaper (Source: https://vndoc.com/trac-nghiem-doc-hieu-tieng-anh-;op-12) Question 23 A man B someone C person D anyone Question 24 A bringing B taking C picking D carrying Question 25 A explains B shouts C complains D groans Question 26 A talk B discussion C disagreement D argument Question 27 A report B result C record D review Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34 Trang 2/5 Mã đề 001 Elecommuting is some form of computer communication between employees’ homes and offices For employees whose job involve sitting at a terminal or word processor entering data or typing reports, the location of the computer is of no consequence If he machine can communicate over telephone lines, when the work is completed, employees can dial the office computer and transmit the material to their employers A recent survey in USA Today estimates that there are approximately 8,7 million telecommuters But although the numbers are rising annually, the trend does not appear to be as significant as predicted when Business Week published “The Portable Executive” as its cover story a few years ago Why hasn’t telecommuting become more popular? Clearly, change simply takes time But in addition, there has been active resistance on the part of many managers These executives claim that supervising the telecommuters in a large work force scattered across the country would be too difficult, or, at least, systems for managing them are not yet developed, thereby complicating the manager’s responsibilities It is also true that employees who are given the option of telecommuting are reluctant to accept the opportunity Most people feel that they need regular interaction with a group, and many are concerned that they will not have the same consideration for advancement if they are not more visible in the office setting Some people feel that even when a space in their homes is set aside as a work area, they never really get away from the office (Source: https://vndoc.com/trac-nghiem-doc-hieu-tieng-anh-;op-12) Question 28 With which of the following topics is the passage primarily concerned? A The advantages of telecommuting B A definition of telecommuting C An overview of telecommuting D The failure of telecommuting Question 29 How many Americans are involved in telecommuting? A More than predicted in Business Week B More than million C Fewer than estimated in USA Today D Fewer than last year Question 30 The phrase “of no consequence” means _ A of no use B of no good C unimportant D irrelevant Question 31 The author mentions all of the following as concerns of telecommuting, EXCEPT _ A the opportunities for advancement B the different system of supervision C the lack of interaction with a group D The work place is in the home Question 32 The word “executives” in line 10 refers to _ A telecommuters B managers C employees D most people Question 6: The word “them” in line 11 refers to _ A systems B telecommuters C executives D responsibilities Question 33 The reason why telecommuting has not become popular is that the employees A need regular interaction with their families B are worried about the promotion if they are not seen at the office C feel that a work area in their home is away from the office D are ignorant of telecommuting Question 34 The reason why telecommuting has not become popular is that the employees _ A need regular interaction with their families B are worried about the promotion if they are not seen at the office C feel that a work area in their home is away from the office D are ignorant of telecommuting Trang 3/5 Mã đề 001 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42 Marianne Moore (1887-1972) once said that her writing could be called poetry only because there was no other name for it Indeed her poems appear to be extremely compressed essays that happen to be printed in jagged lines on the page Her subject were varied: animals, laborers, artists, and the craft of poetry From her general reading came quotations that she found striking or insightful She included these in her poems, scrupulously enclosed in quotation marks, and sometimes identified in footnotes Of this practice, she wrote, " 'Why many quotation marks?' I am asked When a thing has been so well that it could not be said better, why paraphrase it? Hence, my writing is, if not a cabinet of fossils, a kind of collection of flies in amber." Close observation and concentration on detail and the methods of her poetry Marianne Moore grew up in Kirkwood, Missouri, near St Lois After graduation from Bryn Mawr College in 1909, she taught commercial subjects at the Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania Later she became a librarian in New York City During the 1920’s she was editor of The Dial, an important literary magazine of the period She lived quietly all her life, mostly in Brooklyn, New York She spent a lot of time at the Bronx Zoo, fascinated by animals Her admiration of the Brooklyn Dodgers-before the teammoved to Los Angeles-was widely known Her first book of poems was published in London in 1921 by a group of friends associated with the Imagist movement From that time on her poetry has been read with interest by succeeding generations of poets and readers In 1952 she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her Collected Poems She wrote that she did not write poetry "for money or fame To earn a living is needful, but it can be done in routine ways One writes because one has a burning desire to objectify what it is indispensable to one's happiness to express (Source: https://text.123doc.org › Ngoại Ngữ › Anh ngữ phổ thông) Question 35 The word "succeeding" in line 19 is closest to _ A inheriting B prospering C diverse D later Question 36 It can be inferred from the passage that Moore wrote because she _ A wanted to win awards B was dissatisfied with what others wrote C felt a need to express herself D wanted to raise money for the Bronx Zoo Question 37 What is the passage mainly about? A Essayists and poets of the 1920's B The use of quotations in poetry C Marianne Moore's life and work D The influence of the imagists on Marianne Moore Question 38 Where did Moore grow up? A In Kirkwood B In Brooklyn C In Carlisle D In Los Angeles Question 39 Which of the following can be inferred about Moore's poems? A They not use traditional verse forms B They are better known in Europe than the United States C They were all published in The Dial D They tend to be abstract Question 40 The author mentions all of the following as jobs held by Moore EXCEPT A teacher B magazine editor C commercial artist D librarian Question 41 According to the passage Moore wrote about all of the following EXCEPT A workers B animals C fossils D artists Question 42 The word "it" in line 22 refers to _ A writing poetry B earning a living C becoming famous D attracting readers Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Trang 4/5 Mã đề 001 Question 43 A conductor uses signals and gestures to let the musicians to know when to play A B C D various parts of composition Question 44 Communication is the act of transferring information through neither verbal messages A B C D or non-verbal signals Question 45 From the documents, the interviewer will have some insight into your social skills, A B work motivation, and keen for the job C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 46 When I picked up my book I found that the cover had been torn A Picking up my book, the cover had been torn B On picking up the book, I saw that the cover had been torn C Picked up, I saw that the cover of the book was torn D The cover had been torn when my book picked up Question 47 “I’ll speak calmly I really will!”, he said A He offered to speak calmly B He reminded me to speak calmly C He promised to speak calmly D He refused to speak calmly Question 48 We had no sooner got to know our neighbors than they moved away A Soon after we got to know our new neighbors, we stopped having contact with them B If our new neighbors had stayed longer, we would have got to know them better C Once we had got used to our new neighbors, they moved somewhere else D Hardly had we become acquainted with our new neighbors when they went somewhere else to live Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 49 Her living conditions were difficult However, she studied very well A Although she lived in difficult conditions, but she studied very well B She studied very well thanks to the fact that she lived in difficult conditions C Difficult as her living conditions, she studied very well D She studied very well in spite of her difficult living conditions Question 50 Jack was overconfident Therefore, he ruined our plan completely A It was Jack’s overconfidence ruined our plan completely B It was because Jack’s overconfidence that ruined our plan completely C That was Jack’s overconfidence ruined our plan completely D Jack was overconfident, which ruined our plan completely Trang 5/5 Mã đề 001 ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI THAM KHẢO THPT QUỐC GIA – TRƯỜNG THPT NGUYỄN THỊ BÍCH CHÂU D B A C A B C D D 10 B 11 A 12 C 13 A 14 B 15 D 16 A 17 D 18 D 19 C 20 A 21 B 22 B 23.C 24 B 25 C 26 D 27 A 28 C 29 B 30 C 31 B 32 B 33 B 34 B 35 D 36 C 37 C 38 A 39 A 40 C Trang 6/5 41 C 42 B 43 C 44 D 45 D 46 B 47 C 48 D 49 D 50 D Mã đề 001 SỞ GD & ĐT LONG AN TRƯỜNG THPT THẠNH HÓA ĐỀ THI THỬNĂM HỌC 2017 - 2018 MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 Thời gian làm : 60 Phút; (Đề 50 câu) ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề trang) Họ tên : Số báo danh : Mã đề 001 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions "Did you see that?" Joe said to his friend Bill "You're a great shooter!" Bill caught the basketball and bounced it before throwing it again The ball flew into the net "Bill, you never miss!" Joe said admiringly "Unless I'm in a real game," Bill complained "Then I miss all the time." Joe knew that Bill was right Bill performed much better when he was having fun with Joe in the school yard than he did when he was playing for the school team in front of a large crowd "Maybe you just need to practice more," Joe suggested "But I practice all the time with you!" Bill objected He shook his head "I just can't play well when people are watching me." "You play well when I'm watching," Joe pointed out "That's because I've known you since we were five years old," Bill said with a smile "I'm just not comfortable playing when other people are around." Joe nodded and understood, but he also had an idea The next day Joe and Bill met in the school yard again to practice After a few minutes, Joe excused himself "Practice without me," Joe said to his friend "I'll be back in a minute." Joe hurried through the school building, gathering together whomever he could find—two students, a math teacher, two secretaries, and a janitor When Joe explained why he needed them, everyone was happy to help Joe reminded the group to stay quiet as they all went toward the school's basketball court As Joe had hoped, Bill was still practicing basketball He made five baskets in a row without noticing the silent people standing behind him "Hey, Bill!" Joe called out finally Bill turned A look of surprise came over his face "I just wanted to show you that you could play well with people watching you," Joe said "Now you'll have nothing to worry about for the next game!" (From: https://www.ets.org/toefl_junior/prepare/standard_sample_questions/language_form_and_meaning) Câu 1: At the end of the story, all of the following people watch Bill practice EXCEPT ……………… A the basketball coach B a math teacher C a janitor D Joe Câu 2: Bill is upset because ……………… A his team loses too many games B he plays better in practice than he does during games C the school yard is not a good place to practice D Joe watches him too closely when he plays Câu 3: What does Joe decide to gather a group of people for? A To have more people see the next game B To show them Bill’s talent C To get more players for his team D To help Bill feel less nervous Câu 4: What would be the best title for the story? A Practice Makes Perfect C Bill Wins the Big Game Trang B Joe Joins the Team D Bill's Basketball Problem Câu 5: In line 6, the word performed is closest in meaning to ……………… A played B changed C moved D acted Câu 6: Why does the group have to be quiet when they go to the basketball court? A Because they not want Bill to know they were there B Because the group needs to listen to Joe’s instructions C Because Joe is telling Bill what to D Because Bill likes to practice alone Câu 7: Why does Bill play well when Joe is watching him? A He is comfortable with Joe B Joe tells him how to play better C He does not know that Joe is there D He wants to prove to Joe that he is a good player Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Câu 8: ……………… , she received a big applause A Finished her lecture B Speaking has finished C After she finishes speaking D When the speaker finished Câu 9: Investors were seriously ……………… when the stock market began to crash A worried B worry C worrying D worriedly Câu 10: I have been to Ho Chi Minh City ……………… of times A a great deal B much C a lot D little Câu 11: I gave him my e-mail address ……………… he could keep in touch with me A in order B so as C that D so that Câu 12: The Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands ……………… Vietnam A stand for B name after C consist of D belong to Câu 13: It was in this house ……………… I spent my childhood A when B where C which D that Câu 14: The more you work, ……………… you can earn A the less promotion B the experience C the more money D the most tired Câu 15: Sarah: Your pictures are beautiful Brendon: We ……………… more if we had not run out of film A would have taken B would take C will have taken D had taken Câu 16: Researchers are making enormous progress in understanding ……………… A a tsunami is what and what causes it B what a tsunami is and what causes it C what is a tsunami and what causes it D is what a tsunami and what causes it Câu 17: I can't let you in ……………… you me give the password A unless B in case C if D as Câu 18: It was ……………… an interesting speech that everyone stayed till the end A too B very C such D so Câu 19: During the flood, army helicopters came and tried to evacuate ……………… injured A an B a C the D Ø Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions When another old cave is discovered in the south of France, it is not usually news Rather, it is an ordinary event Such discoveries are so frequent these days that hardly anybody pays heed to them However, when the Lascaux cave complex was discovered in 1940, the world was amazed Painted directly on its walls were hundreds of scenes showing how people lived thousands of years ago The scenes show people hunting animals, such as bison or wild cats Other images depict birds and, most noticeably, Trang horses, which appear in more than 300 wall images, by far outnumbering all other animals Early artists drawing these animals accomplished a monumental and difficult task “They” did not limit themselves to the easily accessible walls but carried their painting materials to spaces that required climbing steep walls or crawling into narrow passages in the Lascaux complex Unfortunately, the paintings have been exposed to the destructive action of water and temperature changes, which easily wear the images away Because the Lascaux caves have many entrances, air movement has also damaged the images inside Although they are not out in the open air, where natural light would have destroyed them long ago, many of the images have deteriorated and are barely recognizable To prevent further damage, the site was closed to tourists in 1963, 23 years after it was discovered (From: https://www.ets.org/toefl_junior/prepare/standard_sample_questions/language_form_and_meaning) Câu 20: In line 12, the word “They” refers to ……………… A Walls B Animals C Materials D Artists Câu 21: Based on the passage, what is probably true about the south of France? A It is home to rare animals B It is known for horse-racing events C It has attracted many famous artists D It has a large number of caves Câu 22: Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage? A Hidden Prehistoric Paintings B Determining the Age of French Caves C Wild Animals in Art D Exploring Caves Respectfully Câu 23: Why was painting inside the Lascaux complex a difficult task? A It was completely dark inside B The caves were full of wild animals C Many painting spaces were difficult to reach D Painting materials were hard to find Câu 24: In line 3, the words pays heed to are closest in meaning to ……………… A watches B discovers C notices D buys Câu 25: What does the passage say happened at the Lascaux caves in 1963? A Another part was discovered B Visitors were prohibited from entering C A new entrance was created D A new lighting system was installed Câu 26: According to the passage, all of the following have caused damage to the paintings EXCEPT ……………… A water B temperature changes C air movement D light Câu 27: According to the passage, which animals appear most often on the cave walls? A Horses B Bison C Birds D Wild cats Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Câu 28: A species B themes C medicines D plates Câu 29: A explored B named C travelled D separated Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Câu 30: The United States is a major influence in the United Nations A main B real C minor D true Trang Câu 31: More people are now employed in service industries than in manufacturing A jobless B having jobs C trained D vulnerable Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the corresponding sentence to have the same meaning as the original one provided above in each of the following ones Câu 32: People think the Samba is the most popular dance in Brazil A The Samba is thought to be the most popular dance in Brazil B It is thought that the Samba was the most popular dance in Brazil C It is thought that the Samba is among the most popular dances in Brazil D In Brazil, the Samba is thought to be one of the most popular dances Câu 33: Our parents join hands to give us a nice house and a happy home A Our parents give hands to give us a nice house and a happy home B Our parents hold hands to give us a nice house and a happy home C Our parents work together to give us a nice house and a happy home D Our parents shake hands to give us a nice house and a happy home Câu 34: When she received the exam results, she immediately phoned her mom A She immediately phoned her mom that she would receive the exam results B No sooner had she received the exam results than she phoned her mom C No sooner had she phoned her mom than she received the exam results D She received the exam results immediately after she phoned her mom Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions Câu 35: The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt A taken off B went off C put on D hold up Câu 36: In times of war, the Red Cross is dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians, and prisoners of war A initiated B appalled C devoted D mounted Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Câu 37: A newspaper B dedicate C timetable D commercial Câu 38: A between B working C teacher D lovely Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Câu 39: The weather was very hot The boys continued playing football in the schoolyard A Because of the weather was hot, the boys continued playing football in the schoolyard B Because the hot weather, the boys continued playing football in the schoolyard C In spite of the hot weather, the boys continued playing football in the schoolyard D Despite the weather was hot, the boys continued playing football in the schoolyard Câu 40: She helped us a lot with our project We couldn’t continue without her A Unless we had her contribution, we could continue with the project B But for her contribution, we could have continued with the project C If she hadn’t contributed positively, we couldn’t have continued with the project D Provided her contribution wouldn’t come, we couldn’t continue with the project Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Câu 41: Much people agree that we should protect the environment A B C D Câu 42: What are the differences between women in old times with women in modern times? A B C D Câu 43: Trang He failed the final exam last year because his laziness A B C D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks Located in central Africa, Lake Victoria is a very unusual lake ( 44 ) of the largest lakes in the world; it is also one of the youngest Estimated to be about 15,000 years old, it is a relative baby compared with Earth’s other very large lakes, ( 45 ) more than two million years old Yet judging by the variety of life in it, Lake Victoria ( 46 ) a much older body of water Usually, lakes need a much longer time ( 47 ) by a diverse array of life-forms It is common for new lakes to contain only a small number of species Lake Victoria, however, is packed with colorful fish, most notably, cichlids There are ( 48 ) 500 different species of just this one type of fish (From: ) Câu 44: A Not only is it one B One is it only not C Is it one not only D It not only one is Câu 45: A are B which can be C they are D which being Câu 46: A views B likes C portrays D resembles Câu 47: A they are populated B is populated C to become populated D becoming populated Câu 48: A as many as B as many C many D too many Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable words to complete each of the following exchanges Câu 49: Thang was asking Huong, his classmate, for her opinion about the novel he had lent her Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Thang: "What you think about the novel?" Huong: "……………… " A I wish I could buy one B I can't agree with you more C Yes, let's read it so many times D The best I've ever read! Câu 50: An old gentleman, who is not sure where to go for the summer holiday, is asking a travel agent for advice Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Gentleman: “Can you recommend any places for this summer holiday?” Agent: "……………… " A Yes, please go to other agencies B A package tour to the Spratly Islands would be perfect, sir C I don’t think you could afford a tour to Singapore, sir D No, you cannot recommend any places HẾT Trang ĐÁP ÁN 1-A 11-D 21-D 31-A 41-A 2-B 12-D 22-A 32-A 42-C 3-D 13-D 23-C 33-C 43-C 4-D 14-C 24-C 34-B 44-A 5-A 15-A 25-B 35-B 45-B 6-A 16-B 26-D 36-C 46-D 7-A 17-A 27-A 37-D 47-C 8-D 18-C 28-D 38-A 48-A 9-A 19-C 29-D 39-C 49-D 10-C 20-D 30-C 40-C 50-B LỜI GIẢI CHI TIẾT Câu 1: At the end of the story, all of the following people watch Bill practice EXCEPT ……………… A the basketball coach Joe hurried through the school building, gathering together whomever he could find—two students, a math teacher, two secretaries, and a janitor When Joe explained why he needed them, everyone was happy to help Câu 2: Bill is upset because ……………… B he plays better in practice than he does during games Bill performed much better when he was having fun with Joe in the school yard than he did when he was playing for the school team in front of a large crowd Câu 3: What does Joe decide to gather a group of people for? D To help Bill feel less nervous "I just wanted to show you that you could play well with people watching you," Joe said "Now you'll have nothing to worry about for the next game!" Câu 4: What would be the best title for the story? D Bill's Basketball Problem "Unless I'm in a real game," Bill complained "Then I miss all the time." Bill said with a smile "I'm just not comfortable playing when other people are around." Câu 5: In line 6, the word performed is closest in meaning to ……………… A played Bill performed much better when he was having fun with Joe in the school yard than he did when he was playing for the school team in front of a large crowd Câu 6: Why does the group have to be quiet when they go to the basketball court? A Because they not want Bill to know they were there Joe reminded the group to stay quiet as they all went toward the school's basketball court As Joe had hoped, Bill was still practicing basketball He made five baskets in a row without noticing the silent people standing behind him Câu 7: Why does Bill play well when Joe is watching him? A He is comfortable with Joe "You play well when I'm watching," Joe pointed out "That's because I've known you since we were five years old," Bill said with a smile "I'm just not comfortable playing when other people are around." Câu 8: ……………… , she received a big applause D When the speaker finished Mệnh đề thì, chủ từ Câu 9: Investors were seriously ……………… when the stock market began to crash A worried Tính từ mang nghĩa bị động, dùng với chủ từ người Câu 10: I have been to Ho Chi Minh City ……………… of times C a lot Đi với danh từ số nhiều, đáp án lại với danh từ không đếm Câu 11: I gave him my e-mail address ……………… he could keep in touch with me D so that Mang nghĩa để, để mà, với mệnh đề, cấu trúc: so that, in order that, so as, in order to… Trang Câu 12: The Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands ……………… Vietnam D belong to Nghĩa thuộc Câu 13: It was in this house ……………… I spent my childhood D that Cấu trúc câu chẻ Câu 14: The more you work, ……………… you can earn C the more money Cấu trúc so sánh kép Câu 15: Sarah: Your pictures are beautiful Brendon: We ……………… more if we had not run out of film A would have taken Mệnh đề câu điều kiện loại Câu 16: Researchers are making enormous progress in understanding ……………… B what a tsunami is and what causes it Cấu trúc câu tường thuật câu hỏi Câu 17: I can't let you in ……………… you me give the password A unless Nghĩa không Câu 18: It was ……………… an interesting speech that everyone stayed till the end C such Cấu trúc: …so … that…., …such…that… Câu 19: During the flood, army helicopters came and tried to evacuate ……………… injured C the The + adj để trở thành danh từ số nhiều Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions When another old cave is discovered in the south of France, it is not usually news Rather, it is an ordinary event Such discoveries are so frequent these days that hardly anybody pays heed to them However, when the Lascaux cave complex was discovered in 1940, the world was amazed Painted directly on its walls were hundreds of scenes showing how people lived thousands of years ago The scenes show people hunting animals, such as bison or wild cats Other images depict birds and, most noticeably, horses, which appear in more than 300 wall images, by far outnumbering all other animals Early artists drawing these animals accomplished a monumental and difficult task “They” did not limit themselves to the easily accessible walls but carried their painting materials to spaces that required climbing steep walls or crawling into narrow passages in the Lascaux complex Unfortunately, the paintings have been exposed to the destructive action of water and temperature changes, which easily wear the images away Because the Lascaux caves have many entrances, air movement has also damaged the images inside Although they are not out in the open air, where natural light would have destroyed them long ago, many of the images have deteriorated and are barely recognizable To prevent further damage, the site was closed to tourists in 1963, 23 years after it was discovered (From: https://www.ets.org/toefl_junior/prepare/standard_sample_questions/language_form_and_meaning) Câu 20: In line 12, the word “They” refers to ……………… D Artists Early artists drawing these animals accomplished a monumental and difficult task “They” did not limit themselves… Câu 21: Based on the passage, what is probably true about the south of France? D It has a large number of caves When another old cave is discovered in the south of France, it is not usually news Rather, it is an ordinary event Such discoveries are so frequent these days that hardly anybody pays heed to them Câu 22: Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage? A Hidden Prehistoric Paintings Căn vào ý đọc Trang Câu 23: Why was painting inside the Lascaux complex a difficult task? C Many painting spaces were difficult to reach Early artists drawing these animals accomplished a monumental and difficult task “They” did not limit themselves to the easily accessible walls but carried their painting materials to spaces that required climbing steep walls or crawling into narrow passages in the Lascaux complex Câu 24: In line 3, the words pays heed to are closest in meaning to ……………… C notices Such discoveries are so frequent these days that hardly anybody pays heed to them Câu 25: What does the passage say happened at the Lascaux caves in 1963? B Visitors were prohibited from entering To prevent further damage, the site was closed to tourists in 1963, 23 years after it was discovered Câu 26: According to the passage, all of the following have caused damage to the paintings EXCEPT ……………… D light Unfortunately, the paintings have been exposed to the destructive action of water and temperature changes, which easily wear the images away Because the Lascaux caves have many entrances, air movement has also damaged the images inside Although they are not out in the open air, where natural light would have destroyed them long ago, many of the images have deteriorated and are barely recognizable Câu 27: According to the passage, which animals appear most often on the cave walls? A Horses The scenes show people hunting animals, such as bison or wild cats Other images depict birds and, most noticeably, horses, which appear in more than 300 wall images, by far outnumbering all other animals Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Câu 28: D plates Nguyên tắc phát âm đuôi: s/es Câu 29: D separated Nguyên tắc phát âm đuôi: ed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Câu 30: The United States is a major influence in the United Nations C minor Phần lớn, phần đông ≠ thiểu số, số Câu 31: More people are now employed in service industries than in manufacturing A jobless Được thuê ≠ thất nghiệp Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the corresponding sentence to have the same meaning as the original one provided above in each of the following ones Câu 32: People think the Samba is the most popular dance in Brazil A The Samba is thought to be the most popular dance in Brazil Cấu trúc It is sai that/ People say that Câu 33: Our parents join hands to give us a nice house and a happy home C Our parents work together to give us a nice house and a happy home Join hands = work together Câu 34: When she received the exam results, she immediately phoned her mom B No sooner had she received the exam results than she phoned her mom Cấu trúc No sooner… than…, Hardly/ Scarely …when… Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word in each of the following questions Câu 35: The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt B went off Go off = explode Trang Câu 36: In times of war, the Red Cross is dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians, and prisoners of war C devoted Dedicate to = devote to Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Câu 37: D commercial Nguyên tắc phát âm: i+ nguyên âm, dấu nhấn lùi trước vần, dấu nhấn vần 2, đáp án lại nhấn vần Câu 38: A between Các danh từ tính từ, từ vần thêm ing/er dấu nhấn vần 1, between dấu nhấn vần 2, nguyên tắc ee Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Câu 39: The weather was very hot The boys continued playing football in the schoolyard C In spite of the hot weather, the boys continued playing football in the schoolyard In spite of + cụm danh từ, mang nghĩa tương phản Câu 40: She helped us a lot with our project We couldn’t continue without her C If she hadn’t contributed positively, we couldn’t have continued with the project Cấu trúc câu điều kiện loại 3, trái ngược thật khứ Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Câu 41: Much A Many + danh từ số nhiều Câu 42: with C Between …and… Câu 43: because C Because of + cụm danh từ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks Câu 44: A Not only is it one Cấu trúc đảo ngữ với not only… Câu 45: B which can be Mệnh đề quan hệ bổ nghĩa cho Earth’s other very large lakes Câu 46: D resembles nghĩa giống, giống như, động từ chủ từ Lake Victoria Câu 47: C to become populated Động từ + tân ngữ + to Inf, hình thức giản lược mệnh đề quan hệ với khiếm khuyết động từ Câu 48: Trang A as many as Cấu trúc so sánh Câu 49: Thang was asking Huong, his classmate, for her opinion about the novel he had lent her Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Thang: "What you think about the novel?" Huong: "……………… " D The best I've ever read! Đưa quan điểm, nhận xét tiểu thuyết Câu 50: An old gentleman, who is not sure where to go for the summer holiday, is asking a travel agent for advice Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank Gentleman: “Can you recommend any places for this summer holiday?” Agent: "……………… " B A package tour to the Spratly Islands would be perfect, sir Gợi ý gói du lịch cho khách hàng HẾT Trang 10
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