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READING 1.Topic: Saving energy There are three (1) _ forms of fossil fuels: coal, oil and natural gas All three were formed many hundreds of millions of years ago before the time of the dinosaurs – therefore we call them fossil fuels Fossil fuels (2) _ millions of years to make But they are not unlimited We are using (3) _ the fuels that were made more than 300 million years ago They are not renewable like solar power, wind power, hydro power or biomass Once they are gone they are gone So, it’s best not to (4) _ fossil fuels We can save fossil fuels by conserving energy One simple way to this is to turn off appliances, TVs and radios that we are not using We can also turn off lights when no one is in the room Another way is to go by bike or walk instead of (5) _ cars or motorbikes Question A major B minor C majority D minority Question A took B are taken C take D have taken Question A down B up C on D of Question A use B protect C save D waste Question A driving B riding C drive D ride 2.Topic: The Environment Our environment is in trouble People and industries are (1) _ the air, rivers, lakes and seas There are many things you can to help the environment Here are a few Cars: The burning of petroleum is one of the biggest sources of carbon monoxide (CO) that causes (2) _ warming CO thins the ozone layer, which protects us from the sunrays So try to walk, cycle, or use public transportation Energy: The biggest use of home energy is for heating and cooling homes It costs a lot of money So turn the heat (3) _, especially at night Replace regular light bulbs with low energy light bulbs, which use (4) _ energy Water: Showers use a lot of water Buying a special “low-flow” shower (5) _ or taking shorter showers can cut this use in half Question A pollute B polluted C pollution D polluting Question A globe B global C earth D planet Question A down B up C on D of Question A more B fewer C less D much Question A hand B shoulder C neck D head Topic: The Environment If you wander on the streets of Ha Noi, the capital of Viet Nam, you may be surprised that most people are wearing (1) _, hiding their faces This is because of serious air (2) _ in this city Between March and 4, 2016, the air quality index of Ha Noi, as measured by the US Embassy in Ha Noi was over 350 At this level, air pollution can cause lots of respiratory (3) _, especially to children and the elderly The major cause of air pollution in Ha Noi is traffic Due to the increasing number of motorcycles and cars in the last decade, the emission of chemical exhausts has (4) _ on a constant rise Another reason is urban construction, including road upgrading projects and residential buildings People have to live with the dust and dirt throughout the city Environmental experts have warned that if the city continues to develop its economy with (5) _ regard to the environment, the consequence will be tragic Question A hats B masks C glasses D coats Question A pollute B polluted C pollution D polluting Question A diseases B problem C sickness D illness Question A be B increase C had D been Question A little B a few C more D a lot of Topic: Celebrations The meaning of Mid-Autumn Day is rather different from that in China, though the Vietnamese also (1) _ it by eating mooncakes In Viet Nam the Mid-Autumn Festival is the happiest day for children, during which parents buy their children various kinds of (2) _ and snacks There are also various activities held to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival in Viet Nam The main activities include (3) _ the God of Earth, and carrying carp-shaped lanterns Usually a worshipping platform is set up in the yard during Mid-Autumn night, on which mooncakes, fruits, and snacks are laid Later family members sit together to eat the food while appreciating the moon It's also a (4) _ for the Vietnamese to light lanterns during the MidAutumn night It is thought that if people walk at night with a/an (5) _ lantern in hand, they will be safe from the carp spirit Now, children hold various kinds of paper lanterns and play in the moonlight, while eating mooncakes during the evening of Mid-Autumn Day Question A celebrated B celebrate C celebrates D will celebrate Question A kites B stars C candles D lanterns Question A worshipping B worship C to pray D pray Question A tradition B costume C custom D habbit Question A goldfish B star C carp D animal Topic: Natural disasters Natural disasters result from natural (1) _ of the earth However, in the last five decades, human activities have contributed to increasing the number of natural disasters More landslides have occurred as a result of (2) _ Because there are fewer trees in the forest, the soil becomes loosened and more easily to be flushed down Industrialization and (3) _ contribute to global warming, leading to more intense disasters of all kinds, including hurricanes and tsunami It is more difficult (4) _ exact prediction of climate patterns such as El Niño and La Niña According to the Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance, the total natural disasters reported each year have been steadily increasing in recent decades In 1980, there were only about 100 hydrometeorological disasters reported per year but that number has risen to over 300 a year since 2000 If humans (5) action, natural disasters will become more tragic and we won’t be able to cope with the anger of Mother Nature Question A processes B process C change D results Question A B deforestation B C air pollution rural D A water pollution urban C Question soil pollution urbanization D ruralization Question A have B to have C having D has Question A take B will take C don’t take D won’t take Topic: Learning a foreign language I started learning English when I was 14 years old after five years of studying Russian In the beginning I encountered some (1) _ learning the language, but I tried my best to overcome them Firstly, my English (2) _ was affected by the way I spoke Russian To solve this problem, I practised by listening to tapes in English every day I played the tape, stopped after each sentence, and repeated the sentence several times At school, I joined an English speaking club which was (3) _ by a teacher from Britain She understood my difficulty and helped me very much in improving my pronunciation Secondly, I (4) _ it really hard to learn English vocabulary In Russian, the way you write the word is the way you pronounce it However, English spelling is often different from its pronunciation To get over this difficulty I started using the dictionary Whenever I learnt a new word, I looked it up carefully in the dictionary Then I tried to remember the way to read and write the word After that, I wrote the word down several ways in a notebook Gradually, I got (5) _ to the spelling system of the language Now I’m confident that my English has become much better Question A problem B trouble C benefits D Question A pronunciation B grammar C spelling D vocabulary Question A organise B organised C organising D organises Question A find B found C think D thought difficulties Question A use B using C used D to use Topic: Life on other planets Hi We are from Neptune, the eighth planet from the Sun in the Solar System Our planet is named (1) _ the Roman god of the sea The climate here is very unfriendly, with a temperature of around -300 degrees Celsius, and the (2) _ are very strong Actually, we have a lot of storms here Everything is freezing on the surface of Neptune, so of course we don’t have liquid water To be able to survive here, we have to build all of our cities (3) _ a hundred kilometres beneath the surface Luckily, we don’t have Neptune-quakes! Our life here is very different from your life on Earth Because it’s extremely dark underground, we have a very good lighting system on round the clock Every day we need only three hours for sleep, four hours for work, and the rest of the day we (4) on our leisure activities So life is relaxing Most of us like travelling to new cities for new experiences Although we are smaller than you in size, we can move very fast In fact, we have wings, so we can fly Thus, we (5) _ heavy traffic like on your Earth We don’t breathe oxygen either, but we live on hydrogen Question A after B before C by D with Question A clouds B rains C winds D stars Question A underground B underwater C on the land D by the sea Question A take B spend C play D Question A are sufferring B will suffer C suffer D don’t suffer Topic: A trip to the countryside India is a land of villages, so the (1) _ of its population lives on agriculture An Indian farmer is normally very hard-working He gets up at the crack of dawn and takes his plough and his buffaloes to the field He works ceaselessly until noon when his wife or children bring him lunch Finishing his meal under the shade of a tree, he resumes his farming Often, he sings a song to break the monotony of his (2) _ Only when it gets dark does he return home At the door of his humble cottage, he is greeted by his kids Then he takes a rest while smoking his hookah This is probably his happiest moment of the day as he is now the lord of his kingdom After having dinner with his family, he visits his fellow farmers with (3) _ he will spend an hour or two laughing and talking That is a typical day in the life of an Indian farmer His life is full of (4) _ Despite his hard work, he lives a life of extreme poverty because his crops are at the mercy of rain Natural disasters take away the fruits of his labor However, it is just one side of the story As a diligent farmer, he enjoys fresh air and sunshine every day He gets fresh food and pure milk, (5) _ are comparatively rare in big cities Moreover, the villagers are usually sympathetic and hospitable, which makes him, an ordinary farmer, a happy man Question A major B majority C minor D minority Question A hard work B work hard C D working hard Question A whose B which C hard working who D whom Question A happy B happiness C difficulties D difficulty Question A whom B which C who D whose Topic: Clothing The word "kimono", which literally means a "thing to wear" (ki "wear" and mono "thing"), has been used (1) _ the Japanese's full-length robes Kimonos are T-shaped, straight-lined robes with long wide sleeves Kimonos are wrapped around the body, always with the left front over the right It is not unusual for a Japanese person (2) _ wears a kimono for the first time to wear the fronts the wrong way round, and it is also not unusual for an older, more informed Japanese person to try to switch their kimono fronts around, horrified that the young person is dressed as a corpse That is because the positions of the two fronts are switched when dressing the dead for burial In addition to the rule “left over right”, kimonos are secured by a sash called an obi, which is tied at the back Kimonos are generally (3) _ with traditional footwear Today, kimonos are most often worn by women and men on very special and formal (4) _ such as weddings or ceremonies A few older women and even fewer men still wear the kimono on a daily basis (5) _ sumo wrestlers are often seen in the kimono because they are required to dress traditionally whenever appearing in public Question A name B to name C naming D named Question A whose B which C who D whom Question A worn B wear C wore D wearing Question A holidays B vacations C day D occasions Question A amature B traditional C profession D professional 10 Topic: A visit from a pen pal Tokyo is Japan's (1) _ and the world's most populous city Today it is home for more than 15.1 million people The most popular public transportation in Tokyo is train and (2) _ About 40 million people travel by train and subway daily Tokyo offers many choices of shopping, entertainment, culture and dining to its (3) _ Tourists can learn about the city’s history in historic districts like Asakusa They can also visit excellent museums, historic temples and gardens Tokyo also has a number of attractive (4) _ spaces in the city centre and its outskirts Harajuku, a neighbourhood in Shibuya, is known internationally for its young fashion and cosplay Tokyo Disneyland is another famous (5) _ of Tokyo Question A town B capital C country D state Question A bus B plane C subway D bike Question A visitors B people C children D tourist Question A pink B blue C yellow D green Question A place B landmark C park D center 11 Topic: The media The internet, a computer-based global information (1) _, is composed of many interconnected computer networks Each network may link tens, hundreds, or even thousands of computers, enabling (2) _ to share information with one another and to share computational resources such as powerful supercomputers and databases of information The internet has made it possible for people all over the world to (3) _ with one another effectively and inexpensively The internet has brought new opportunities to government, business, and education Governments use the internet for internal (4) _, distribution of information and automated tax processing In addition to offering goods and services online to customers, businesses use the internet to interactwith other businesses Many individuals use the internet for communicating through electronic mail, for news and research information, shopping, paying bills, and (5) _ banking Educational institutions us the internet for research and to deliver courses materials to students Question A net B system C electric D network Question A B they C their D theirs them Question A communicate B talk Question A communication B comunicate C comunicated D comunicating Question A B internet D electric C C chat online D share offline 12 Topic: Saving energy The more waste we (1) _, the more disposal trucks, labor and dump space are needed All these cost money That’s why we must learn to use (2) _, and to reuse and recycle so that less waste is produced Recyclable wastes include paper, glass, plastic and metals When you go shopping, not buy over-packaged (3) _ If you have to buy heavily packaged products, not throw (4) _ the packaging, use it for another purpose For example, paper bags can be used for carring other things, or for making displays If the packaging can not be reused, try to sell it for (5) _ The more paper we use, the more trees have to be cut down That’s why we should reduce and recycle paper to save forests Question A to produce B producing C produced D produce Question A more B less C little D a few Question A products B produce C product D produced Question A out B off C away D to Question A reusing B recycling C reducing D repairing READING COMPREHENSION MULTIPLE CHOICE READING To well at school, college or university, you usually need to well in exams “All students hate exams” may be a generalization, but it is fairly true one Certainly, all of the students I’ve known disliked doing exams None of them thought that the exam system was fair To well in an exam, you simply had to be able to predict the questions which would be asked This was the case as regards two students in my class at college Both of them were exceptionally bright, but in the final year “exam”, neither of them got a grade In fact, they both got Cs The exam had tested us on questions which had come up the previous year They had both assumed that the same questions wouldn’t come up again, and hadn’t prepared for them Question 1: Students need to well in exams A in order to well at school B because they need to well at school C so that to well at school D therefore they have to well at school Question 2: The statement “All students hate exams” is _ A extremely true B completely true C quite true D very true Question 3: Which of the following sentences is not true? A All of the students the writer has known thought that the exam system was unfair B To well in an exam, you simply had the ability to predict the questions which would be asked C None of the students the writer has known disliked doing exams D “All students hate exams” is fairly true generalization Question 4: Why did the two students in the writer’s class get C grades in the final exam? A Because the exam was very difficult B Because they didn’t prepare for the questions that had come up the previous year C Because they were dull students D Because the questions weren’t in their lesson Question 5: The writer’s main purpose of writing the passage is to A describe the importance of exams B discuss how exams effect on the students C explain the equality in examinations D criticize the exam system READING Every year people in many countries learn English Some of them are young children Others are teenagers Many are adults Some learn at school Others study by themselves A few learn English just by hearing the language in film, on television, in the office or among their friends Most people must work hard to learn English Why these all people learn English? It is not difficult to answer this question Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work Teenagers often learn English for their higher studies because some of their books are in English at the college or university Other people learn English because they want to read newspapers or magazines in English Question 1: According to the writer English is learned by _ A young children B adults C teenagers D all are correct Question 2: Most people learn English by A themselves B hearing the language on television C working hard on the lesson D speaking English to their friends Question 3: Where many boys and girls learn English? A at home B in the office C in evening class D at school Question 4: Teenagers learn English because _ A It’s useful for their higher studies B it’s one of their subjects C They want to master it D A and C are correct Question 5: Why many adults learn English?  Because _ A they want to see movies in English B they need it for their job C they are forced to learn D it’s not difficult to learn READING More than two hundred years ago, the term “environmental pollution” was quite strange to people They lived healthy, drank pure water, and breathed fresh air Nowadays, the situation is quite different People all over the world are worried about things that are happening to the environment Actually it is man that is destroying the surroundings with many kinds of wastes Everybody knows that motorbikes and cars emit dangerous gases that cause poisonous air and cancer, but no one wants to travel on foot or by bicycle Manufactures know that wastes from factories make water and soil polluted, but they not want to spend a lot of their money on treating the wastes safely Scattering rubbish is bad for our health, but no one wants to spend time burying it Is it worth talking a lot about pollution? Question 1: More than two hundred years ago _ A the environment was polluted as much as it is today B people knew nothing about environmental pollution C air was polluted badly D people was faced with pollution Question 2: In former days, people A led a healthy life B lived in the polluted environment C were worried about pollution D drank contaminated water Question 3: Nowadays, many people are concerned about _ A the destruction of the poisonous air B the polluted water C the wastes from the factories D the pollution of the environment Question 4: Everybody knows that cars emit dangerous gases _ A so they not travel by car B so they prefer travelling by bicycle C but they still prefer traveling by car D and they enjoy traveling on foot Question 5: Factory owners _ A know nothing about pollution B have no awareness of pollution C treat wastes from their factories safely D not want to spend money on treating the wastes safely READING It is estimated that about 200 million people who use the Internet computer network around the world The Internet allows people to work at home instead of traveling to work The Internet allows businesses to communicate with customers and workers in many parts of the world for the cost of a local telephone call Email allows users to send documents, pictures and other data from one part of the world to another in at least minutes People can use the Internet to shopping This saves a lot of time It is possible to use the Internet for education – students may connect with their teachers from home to send or receive email or talk their problems through “on line” rather than attend a class Question 1: The Internet allows people _ A to stay at home and rest B not to work C to travel to work D to work at home Question 2: To a business, the Internet is _ to communicate with customers A a cheap way B a very expensive way C an inconvenient way D a difficult way Question 3: Email can be used to send _ A documents B information C data D all are correct Question 4: It takes _ to the shopping on the Internet A a lot of time B much time C less time D more time Question 5: To use the Internet for education is _ A impossible B possible C inconvenient D difficult READING The large movement of earth under the sea causes a very large and powerful tsunami The tsunami was called the Asian Tsunami in most of the world It was called the Boxing Day Tsunami in England, Australia, South Africa and Canada because it happened on the holiday they called Boxing Day The tsunami caused a lot of damage to countries such as Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia and Sri Lanka Wave as high as 30m killed many people and damaged or destroyed a lot of buildings and other properties Over 225, 000 people died or were not found after the tsunami The wave traveled as far away as South Africa (8000km) where as many as people died because of high water caused by the wave Because of how much damage was caused and the number of people the earthquake affected, over $ billion was donated to help the survivors and rebuild the areas damaged Question 1: Which of the following is not true? A A lot of money was raise to help the people B Many people died because of the high waves C The tsunami caused a lot of damage to Indonesia D Only in Asia the tsunami was called Asia Tsunami Question 2: Why was the tsunami called the Boxing Day Tsunami in England? A Because it happened on Boxing Day B Because it happened when people were collecting boxes C Because it destroyed a lot of boxes D Because it happened when people were boxing Question 3: What does the word “survivors” in the last line mean? A houses that aren’t destroyed B offices that are being built C people that are dead D people that are left alive Question 4: What were some people in South Africa killed by? A High water B Earthquake C Property D High wind Question 5: How high were the waves? 10 A Thirteen meters C Eighteen meters B Two hundred and twenty – five meters D Thirty meters READING The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an effective way to dispose of wastes Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars But to date, that process has proven expensive Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills Geothermal power, heat from the Earth, is also being tested Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived from streams and rivers Fifty years ago hydro-electric power provided one-third of the electricity used in the United States, but today it supplies only percent The oceans are another potential source of energy Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity Experiments are also underway to make use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy Question 1: Which is the best title for the passage? A The use of Water products for energy B The search for Alternative sources of Energy C Efficient ways of disposing of waste D New discoveries in geothermal power Question 2: Fifty years ago one-third of the electricity in the United States was provided by A wind B waste products C water D oil Question 3: In the second paragraph, the phrase “synthetic fuels” could best be replaced by which of the following A biological fuels B low burning fuels C fast burning fuels D artificial made fuels Question 4: Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy? A Burning of garbage B Geothermal power C Synthetic fuels D Electricity Question 5: According to the author, the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars as source of energy is due to A their being time consuming B their being money consuming C the scarcity of sources D the lack of technology READING I was born in Newcastle, a city in the North East of England Newcastle is on the bank of the River Tyne It is a quite big city of about 200,000 inhabitants There is a cathedral and a university There are five bridges over the River Tyne, which link Newcastle to the next town, Gateshead, where there is one of the biggest shopping centres in the world, the Metro Centre A few years ago, the main industries were shipbuilding and coalmining, but now the chemical and soap industries are important I moved from Newcastle ten years ago but I often return I miss the 11 people, who are so warm and friendly, and I miss the wild, beautiful countryside near the city, where there are so many hills and streams Question 1: Newcastle has A one of the biggest shopping centres B a wild, beautiful countryside C only one bridge that links it to the next town D a population of about 200,000 people Question 2: According to the passage, the writer A has never returned to Newcastle B has come back to live in Newcastle C is still living in Newcastle D doesn't live in Newcastle any more Question 3: Which of the following is NOT true about Newcastle? A It is next to Gateshead B It has a cathedral and a university C Its main industry now is shipbuilding D Its people are friendly Question 4: Newcastle is A a small town in England B a city in the North of England C a city in the North East of England D a city near the North East of England Question 5: Gateshead has one of in the world A the biggest shopping centres B the largest rivers C the most important shipbuilding industries D the most beautiful countryside READING Rain forests cover less than six percent of the earth’s area, but they have 100,000 kinds of plants on the earth Three-fourths of known kinds of plants and animals call the rain forest their home Twenty percent of our different kinds of medicine come from rain forests The glues on an envelope and in shoes come from tropical plants Rain forests provide materials for hundreds of other products Rain forests are also very important to the world’s climate The Amazon rain forest alone receives about thirty to forty percent of the total rainfall on the earth and produces about the same percentage of the world oxygen Some scientists believe that the decreasing size of rain forests will affect the climate on the earth, making it uncomfortable or even dangerous for life Saving rain forests is an international problem One country, or even a few countries, cannot solve the problem alone The nations of the world must work together to find a solution before it is too late Question 1: What percent of the earth’s area rain forests cover ? A Only percent B 20 percent C less than percent D over percent Question 2: How many known kinds of plants and animals call the rain forests their home ? A 4/3 B 3/4 C 40/3 D 3/40 Question 3: What percent of the total rainfall on the earth does the Amazon rain forests receive ? A about 20 to 30 B about 30 to 40 C exactly 30 to 40 D less than 30 Question 4: According to some scientists, what will the decreasing size of rain forests affect on the earth ? 12 A oxygen B only animals C plants D climate Question 5: According to the passage, what must the nations of the world to find a solution ? A work together B work alone C save rain forests only D save their lives READING There are deserts all over the world They can be found in Africa, China, South America, and North America In some places, deserts are growing This is a serious problem because deserts destroy farmland and ruin land where animals live When people cannot grow food or find animals to eat, they have to leave their homes Sometimes, nature can cause deserts to spread Wind can move sand away from deserts and onto useful land When there is no rain for a long time, plants die and deserts grow However, human can also cause deserts to grow This is called desertification, and it happens in many ways One way is when people cause too much air pollution, which can make an area hotter Hotter weather can reduce the amount of rain as well Too many people in one area can also damage the land In addition, having many animals can harm the land When large animals like cows walk on soil too much, they turn it into dust The wind easily blows this dust away Trees help hold water in the ground When people cut down too many trees, less water stays in the ground, and the soil is ruined All of these things can speed up desertification To stop deserts from growing, people must think of ways to treat the land better Question 1: How humans cause desert growth? A By moving sand B By causing pollution C By planting trees D By eating only vegetables Question 2: Where are deserts found? A The United States and China B On useful land C All around the world D Africa and South America Question 3: What is the main idea of the reading? A Why some deserts are growing B How cows can stop deserts from growing C How people live in deserts D Where the world’s deserts are Question 4: How can humans stop desert growth? A By cutting down trees B By having fewer children C By raising more cows D By using bicycles less Question 5: Which is NOT a cause of desert growth? A Many animals B No rain C Using land too much D No wind READING 10 Every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions In Britain traditions play a more important part in the life of the people than in other countries Englishmen are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up It has been a law for about 300 years that all theaters are closed on Sundays No letters are delivered, only a few Sunday papers are published To this day an English family prefers a house with a garden to a flat in a modern house with central heating English people like gardens Sometimes the garden in front of the house is a little square covered with cement painted green in imitation of grass and a box of flowers Holidays are 13 especially rich in old traditions and are different in Scotland, Ireland and England Christmas is a great English national holiday, and in Scotland “it” is not kept, except by clerks in banks and all shops and factories are working Question 1: What Englishmen think of their traditions? A They are proud of their traditions B They think their traditions are more important than other countries’ C They keep themselves up D They want to have their own customs and traditions Question 2: According to the passage, what does an English family like the most? A A flat with a garden B A house with a garden C A house with a box of flowers D A modern house with central heating Question 3: What is the best tittle for the passage? A Traditions and customs in Britain B The Garden in Britain C Holidays in Britain D Englishmen are proud of their tradition Question 4: What are always closed on Sundays in Britain? A All banks B All cinemas C All theatres D All shops Question 5: How is Christmas celebrated in Scotland? A It is especially rich in traditions B It is a great national holiday C It is not celebrated there D It is celebrated among clerks READING 11 Of all the natural wonders of the world, few are as spectacular as Niagara Falls Located on the Niagara River along the border between The United States and Canada, Niagara Falls actually consists of two falls, the American Falls and Horseshoe Falls The former is on The US side of the border, in the state of New York, while the latter is on the Canadian side About 85% of the water in Niagara River flows over the Horseshoe Falls, which is the more impressive of the two falls About 10 million people visit the falls each year, most during the summer tourist season Sightseers can ride steamers up close to the boiling water of the falls, or view them from the parks on both sides of the river Niagara Falls has long been a popular honeymoon destination for newlyweds Question 1: Which of the following is entirely on the US side of the border with Canada? A Niagara River B American Falls C Niagara Falls D Horseshoe Falls Question 2: It can be inferred in the passage that Horseshoe Falls A is the larger of the two falls B is the less impressive fall C has 15% of the Niagara River flowing over its edge D is in the state of New York Question 3: According to the passage, people prefer to visit Niagara Falls in the A spring B summer C fall D winter Question 4: Which of the following is not true? A According to the passage, Niagara Falls is the most spectacular wonder of the world B Niagara Falls is located on Niagara River 14 C The American Falls and the Horseshoe Falls compose the Niagara Falls D American Falls is the less impressive of the two falls Question 5: In the author judgment, A Niagara Falls is most beautiful during the summer tourist season B Niagara Falls is a very popular tourist attraction, especially with honeymooners C American Falls is more beautiful than Horseshoe Falls D The water of the two falls is very hot READING 12 One of the most urgent environmental problems in the world is the shortage of clean water Acid rain, industrial pollution and garbage have made many sources of water undrinkable Lakes and entire seas have become vast pools of poison Lake Baikal in Russia, one of the largest lakes in the world, contains a rich variety of animals and plants, including 1,300 rare species that not exist anywhere else in the world But they are being destroyed by the massive volumes of industrial wastes which pour into the lake every day Even where law existed, the government did not have the power to enforce them The Mediterranean Sea occupies l% of the world's water surface But it is the dumping ground for 50o/o of all marine pollution Almost 16 countries regularly throw industrial wastes a few miles off shore A few years ago, people thought that the supply of clean water in the world was limitless Today, many water supplies have been ruined by pollution and sewage Clean water is now scared, and we are at last beginning to respect this precious source We should something now Question 1: One environmental problem in the world today is A acid rain B safe water shortage C industrial pollution D population explosion Question 2: Which of the following is NOT the reason that makes water undrinkable? A acid rain B garbage C industrial pollution D high cost Question 3: What is a serious problem of Lake Baikalin Russia? A It contains a rich variety of animals and plants B It is polluted by massive volumes of industrial wastes discharged into it C It has 1,300 rare species that not exist anywhere else in the world D The government did not have the power to enforce laws and regulations Question 4: How many countries throw industrial wastes into the Mediterranean Sea regularly? A Exactly 16 B exactly 15 C nearly 16 D less than 15 Question 5: What is the message to the readers? A We should take action to protect our water resources B We should take all water resources into account C We should limit the use of water resources D We should encourage people to use safe water 15
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