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TOPIC : TAG QUESTION (Câu hỏi đuôi) Add a correct question tag to each sentence You aren't afraid of snakes…………………? Ann isn't at home……………… ……? You don't know French………………? Tom didn't see her……………………? This isn't yours………………………? Mary wasn't angry……………………? Bill hasn't had breakfast………………? You won't tell anyone…………………? I didn't wake you up……………………? 10 Tom doesn't like oysters………………? 11 You don't want to sell the house………………? 12 It doesn't hurt…………………………? 13 People shouldn't drink and drive…………………? 14 You aren't going alone………………………? 15 They couldn't pay the rent……………………? 16 You don't agree with Bill……………………? 17 There wasn't a lot to do……………………? 18 I needn't say anything………………………? 19 That wasn't Ann on the phone……………………? 20 You didn't it on purpose…………………………? 21 This won't take long………………………? 22 She doesn't believe you…………………? 23 It didn't matter very much………………? 24 Mary couldn't leave the children alone………………? 25 You aren't doing anything tonight……………? 26 You wouldn't mind helping me with this……………? 27 George hadn't been there before……………? 28 The children weren't surprised…………………? 29 You wouldn't like another drink………………? 30 Tom doesn't have to go to lectures……………? 31 Bill hasn't got a car……………? 32 Bill couldn't have prevented it……………? 33 I needn't wait any longer……………? 34 There weren't any mosquitoes………………? 35 The fire wasn't started deliberately ………………? 36 The children can read French…………………? 37 He's ten years old………………………? 38 Bill came on a bicycle………………? 39 The Smiths have got two cars…………………? 40 Your grandfather was a millionaire………………? 41 Tom should try again……………………? 42 It could be done……………………? 43 Your brother's here…………………………? 44 That's him over there……………………? 45 George can leave his case here………………………? 46 This will fit in your pocket……………………? 47 His wife has headaches quite often…………………? 48 She's got lovely blue eyes…………………? 49 The twins arrived last night…………………? 50 Mary paints portraits……………………? 51 Bill puts the money in the bank……………………? 52 Prices keep going up…………………? 53 I've seen you before……………………? 54 Bill's written a novel………………? 55 His mother's very proud of him…………………? 56 The twins used to play rugby………………………? 57 Tom might be at home now…………………? 58 We must hurry………………………? 59 You'd been there before……………………? 60 You'd like a drink……………………? 61 The boys prefer a cooked breakfast…………………? 62 Mary ought to cook it for them……………………………? 63 That was Ann on the phone………………………? 64 The Smiths need two cars………….……? 65 He used to eat raw fish………….………? 66 You'd better wait for Bill………………? 67 You'd come if I needed help……………? 68 You could come at short notice…………………? 69 You take sugar in tea…………………? 70 But you don't take it in coffee……………………? 71 The lift isn't working today…………………… 72 It never works very well………………………? 73 The area was evacuated at once ………………………? 74 There was no panic ……………………? 75 Though everybody realized the danger…… …………? 76 There was a lot of noise…………… ……? 77 But nobody complained…………………? 78 Mary hardly ever cooks……………………? 79 She buys convenience foods……………………? 80 She'd save money if she bought fresh food…………………? 81 Mr Smith usually remembered his wife's birthdays…………………? 82 But he didn't remember this one…………………………? 83 And his wife was very disappointed……………………… 84 He ought to have made a note of it……………………? 85 Neither of them offered to help you………………? 86 They don't allow pet dogs in this shop…………………? 87 But guide dogs can come in………………………? 88 He hardly ever leaves the house……………………? 89 That isn't Bill driving……………………? 90 Nothing went wrong………………? Lions are loose in this reserve………………………? 91 It'd be unpleasant to be attacked by a lion………….……? 92 He is never at home on Sunday, …………………? 93 It is a pity Ann didn't come with us……………………? 94 Lives were lost unnecessarily…………………? 95 There used to be trees here…………………… 96 There isn't any point in waiting…………………? 97 He'll hardly come now……………………? 98 You’ ve already done your homework,……………………….? 99 They don’t walk regularly,………………………………? TOPIC : PREPOSITIONS (Giới từ) Use the correct prepositions : Water consists ………… hydrogen and oxygen She lived independently ………… her parents Santa Claus is based ……… the description of Saint Nicholas in the poem We give each other presents ………… Christmas Don’t sit ………… the floor I’m going away ………… the end of January I met Tom ………… the street yesterday They sent me a cheque ………… $ 50 There has been some decrease ………… military spending this year 10 Nobody knows what the cause ………… the explosion was 11 Do you think we’ll find a solution ………… this problem? 12 Have you ever read any books ………… Mark Twain? 13 It’s unreasonable ………… you to expect her to love you at first sight 14 They were furious ………….me ………….not inviting them to the party 15 Were you disappointed ………….your examination results? 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 Everybody was shocked ………….the news She is scared ………….going out alone I’m not ashamed ………….what I did My sister won’t have dinner 11.30 p.m She is engaged ………….an American Who was responsible ………… all the noise last night? Your writing is similar ………….mine Ann wasn’t keen ………….going out in the rain The city centre was crowded ………….tourists I always try my best to get along other officers Why don’t you apply ………….a position in that company? He is very selfish He doesn’t care ………….other people Don’t look out of the window Concentrate ………….your work! He lost control of the car and crashed ………….a wall He was the sort of person that you could depend ………… Did you hear ………….the fight in the club on Saturday night? She’s very old She needs someone to look ………….her He often dreams ………… travelling to America I didn’t have enough money to pay ………….the meal He has suffered ………….lung cancer for ages He shouted ………….from the other side of the street The police are searching ………….the escaped prisoner That’s a good idea Why didn’t I think ………….that? They arrived ………… this gas station ……… o’clock yesterday I was watching TV ……… ……… 12 o’clock yesterday She will be ………… home ……… Tuesday afternoon You shouldn’t believe everything you read ……… the newspaper The course starts ……… November 3th and ends ……… January ……… first, we didn’t like each other, but …… the end we are good friends I was disappointed ……… the grade I received in Math Are you interested ……… listening to pop music ? My father hasn’t met my uncle ………… last month Some fashion designers have taken inspiration ………… Vietnam’s ethnic minorities Products made ……… China is not very popular in Vietnam It’s compulsory ……… students to study P.E Jeans have never been ……… fashion They had to separate the rice ……… the husk and then cooked the rice The park was named ………… a young hero, Le Van Tam During the War, our country was divided ………… parts My mother has completely made this skirt ………… cotton Children’s shoes are often worn ……… very easily Ao dai is the compulsory uniform of women teacher ………… work Hanoi and Kuala Lumpur are the same ……… many ways ……… tradition, the marriages of the girls are arranged by their parents The office is closed ………… the weekend My uncle left our house three years ago, and we haven’t seen him ………… I have been playing computer games ………… am this morning Vietnamese people made a deep impression ……… her mother Their son has cleaned the floors ……… three hours This machine hasn’t been used ……… ages Maryam was really impressed ……… the beauty of Hanoi They arrived ………… this gas station ……… o’clock yesterday I was watching TV ……… ……… 12 o’clock yesterday She will be ………… home ……… Tuesday afternoon You shouldn’t believe everything you read ……… the newspaper The course starts ……… November 3th and ends ……… January ……… first, we didn’t like each other, but …… the end we are good friends I was disappointed ……… the grade I received in Math Are you interested ……… listening to pop music ? We are looking forward ……… new possibilities We can live ………… a dormitory ……… campus 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 What aspect ………… learning English you find difficult ? Practicing listening ……… English tapes or English programs ……… the radio The hotel is close ………… the historical district of the city I saw a big old banyan tree ……… the entrance to your village Ann’s birthday is ……… November 25th The put ……… the blanket and laid …… many food They have lived in his house ……… several months There is a meeting …… pm and pm He apologized ………… his being late at the meeting It was hard work ……… the farm The heavy rain prevented us …………… playing football The first train has just arrived ……… Canberra The office will be closed ………… Christmas and New Year We will eat a lot of moon cakes ………… Mid-Autumn Festival We can live ……… a dormitory ……… campus I am aware ……… Mark’s reputation ……… being late She is extremely well-qualified ……… the job That man was fiend ……… dynamite fishing The government should encourage the residents to use public buses instead ……… motorbikes The seaside is always full ……… trash Our students are aware ……… pollution effects on their health I look forward ……… hearing from you I haven’t seen you ……… ages …… autumn, the yard in front of my house is covered ……… leaves A fluent English speaker is giving us some advice ……… how to improve my pronunciation Look ……… this enormous telephone bill before leaving ……… work, son ! This electrical appliance will not work ……………… electricity The cost of living in Vietnam is low compared ……… Singapore He is good ……… fixing wooden objects, but he is bad …… building with bricks I spend $ 16 a month ……… fares and pay $ 32 ……… lighting We are interested ………… the shortage of fresh water ………… the world’s population The toilet roll is finished It should be replaced ………… a new one The TV repairman will be here ……… about five minutes It was considerate ………… to share your room with me Don’t ask the police ………… information I will provide you ……… all you need Despite being tired, my father still helped me ……… my homework Let me congratulate you ……… your success ……… your study It rained heavily ………… the night He was very kind ……… me to bring me a lot of useful news He went there ………… Quynh’s car Can you turn ………… the TV a bit while I am studying ? Her father warned her not to spend a lot of money ……… picture books They are going to the park ……… the other side of the city The room was crowded ………… students Are you aware …………… regulation against smoking in this area ? Can you distinguish Mr James ………… his son ? He is very considerate ………… his children Frozen foods are so popular today that many people wonder how they live ……… them ? Go to the international ticket desk immediately ……… arrival Her whole life was devoted ………… helping the poor and the miserable Do your parents take interest ……… your friends ? She burst ……… tears when she heard the news How did you get ……… your examination yesterday ? The country looks very beautiful …………… spring There is a vocabulary …………… the end of this book The train arrives ………… Victoria Station ………… five o’clock yesterday Were your friends successful ………… getting a loan from the bank ? We were very grateful ………… our friends ………… all of their assistance Mr Green is very responsible ……… hiring the employees It was certainly kind ………… you to help me a lot My plan is similar ……… yours, but it is different ………… Ken’s She was confused ………… the dates 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 I’m rather anxious ………… her, I haven’t received a letter Our country is very rich ……… oil They seem to be quite good ………… English He has given ………… escaping ………… the Africa jungle Don’t put ………… until tomorrow what you can today Mrs Smith is not accustomed ………… hot weather Everything looks sad ………… autumn Write your name ………… the top of the page We were ashamed ………… his behavior My office is ………… the first floor It’s ……… the left as you come out of the lift Tom is ill He wasn’t ………… work yesterday Are you acquainted ………… that young lady ? My birthday is ………… the first ………… this month That young child is very inexperienced to take care …………… himself It was rather clever ………… Josie to combine his business He emigrated to Australia, so we lost touch ………… each other I don’t like being taken …………… granted The judges announced their decision ………… the end of the competition We were worried ………… first but ………… the end everything went well You are ………… a good mood today Have you had some good news ? There has been an increase …………… sales of mobile phones since 2006 The car broke …………… on the way to the airport She has decided to go ………… a diet TOPIC : ADJECTIVES, ADVERBS & COMPARISONS (Tính từ, trạng từ dạng so sánh) I Use the correct tense or form of the words in parentheses : Most of the students did …………… on their test Their test results were ………… (good) James looked very (sad) ………………… because she lost the game The children seemed …………………… They played …………… in the garden (happy) He is a ……………… man He always drives ………………… (careful) The weather was so …………… yesterday (awful) I can’t remember ……………………… what happened (clear) I was disappointed that I did so …………………… in the exam (bad) It was raining ……………………… so we stayed at home (heavy) Mary speaks English very ……………………… (fluent) 10 Nam is a …………………… student (good) II Use the correct kind of comparison form of adjectives and adverbs : Your house is ………………… than my house (big) These books are ………………… than those books (thick) Hoi An Ancient Town is the …………………… town in Vietnam (old) The Great Wall of China is the world’s ………………… structure (long) Nam is ……………… than Ba He is …………………… boy in class 6A (tall) This girl is …………………… than that girl (clever) Mary is ……………………… as her sister (pretty) The Nile River is the ………………… river in the world (long) A new house is ……………………… than an old one (expensive) 10 We’ve had ………………… difficulty with this part than that one (little) 11 His English is …………………… of these students (good) 12 Mount Everest is ……………………… mountain in the world (high) 13 Travelling by air or car, which is ………………………… ? (interesting) 14 It’s too noisy here Can we go somewhere …………………… ? (quiet) 15 Hanoi is ……………………… than Ho Chi Minh City (small) 16 PETRONAS Twins Towers are ……………………… than Sears Towers (tall) 17 Thanks to the progress of science, our life is becoming ………… and ………… (good) 18 In order to get good marks, we have to ………………… practice (far) 19 John is much …………………… than I thought (strong) 20 Mr Kelly is ………………………… man in that organization (popular) III Use the double comparative form of the adjectives and adverbs : She speaks English ……………………………… (fluently) My chair was getting ……………………………… (uncomfortable) The man was getting ……………………………… (angry) Peter gets ……………………………… at the time (selfish) She seems to be getting ………………………… (thin) Life in the modern world is becoming ………………………… (complex) As he was afraid, he walked …………………………… (fast) As the soccer game progressed, the crowd became ………………………… (enthusiastic) Her English is getting …………………………… (good) 10 I haven’t got a new job I am becoming ………………………………… (discouraged) 11 The English lessons are ……………………………… (difficult) 12 Meat is getting ………………………………… (expensive) 13 He is …………………………… for his book (famous) 14 Nowadays, people eat ………………………… sugar and salt (little) 15 The river flows ………………………………… (gently) 16 We feel tired because the way is …………………………… (far) 17 These days ……………………… people learning Russian (little) 18 As the day went on, the weather got ……………………… (fine) 19 They feel ………………………………… because of the fresh air (healthy) 20 Her children are old now She becomes ………………………… (busy) IV Combine these pairs of sentences into one, using the double comparative clauses : The sun is high The shadow is short …………………………………………………………… He works a lot He earns much ………………………………………………………………… He works little He will be paid little …………………………………………………………… It is heavy It becomes expensive ……………………………………………………………… She eats little, she becomes thin ………………………………………………………………… He talked much I became bored ……………………………………………………………… I waited long I got angry ……………………………………………………………………… You are old You understand more …………………………………………………………… She drove fast I became nervous ……………………………………………………………… 10 We ran fast to go home The sky went dark …………………………………………………… 11 She does many exercises He gets healthy ……………………………………………………… 12 The air is polluted Diseases are great ………………………………………………………… 13 We went far We felt tired ……………………………………………………………………… 14 The soil was poor The famers tried hard ……………………………………………………… 15 The bread is bad It is cheap …………………………………………………………………… 16 Peter is old He is clever ………………………………………………………………………… 17 The lesson is difficult We tried hard …………………………………………………………… 18 He talked a lot We disliked him very much …………………………………………………… 19 If you eat much vegetable, you will feel healthy ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 The workers built roads They needed a lot of equipment ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 There is much co-operation We can recycle a lot of waste papers ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 22 He thought about his family He felt homesick very much ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 23 Tom wrote more His writing was becoming better ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24 He became poorer because he spent too much money ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25 We read this book carefully We understand it well ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… V Combine each pairs of sentences, using Adverbial clause of comparison (as … as) Lipton tea costs 10$ Oolong tea costs $ ……………………………………………………… Vinh is 1.65 meters tall Hai is 1.7 meters tall ………………………………………………… Mary isn’t big She was very big last year ……………………………………………………… You are happier than she looks ………………………………………………………………… My bicycle is more expensive than yours ……………………………………………………… Tom doesn’t try hard His brother tried hard …………………………………………………… The boy doesn’t run fast He used to run very fast ……………………………………………… Mai is the best violinist in her family …………………………………………………………… The summer isn’t hot Last summer it was hot ………………………………………………… 10 She is active now She didn’t use to be active ………………………………………………… 11 Jimmy is clever We think he is clever ………………………………………………………… 12 This boy doesn’t help me much He can help me much ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 We don’t export much wood this year We exported more wood last year ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Miss Duyen’s house is the oldest house on this street ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 The exercises are not difficult I thought it was very difficult ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 The students write less papers than they did last year ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 The paper mill puts out more products than it did two years ago ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 Miss Huong Tram is the best student in her English class ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 This boy doesn’t spend much money He spent much money last month ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 She doesn’t get up late She used to get up very late during her holidays ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… TOPIC : CAUSATIVE FORM (Thể sai khiến, nhờ vả) I Rewrite these sentences, using Causative Active Form : I asked Jack to polish my shoes ………………………………………………………………… Jack will ask the Mason to build his house …………………………………………………… They are going to tell us to play football ……………………………………………………… She has told the maid to wash her clothes ……………………………………………………… Tom has told the dentist to pull his decaying tooth …………………………………………… She told the police to catch the thief …………………………………………………………… We shall ask John to give you this book ………………………………………………………… He had a mechanic repair his car engine ……………………………………………………… Mary often asks the postman to mail her letter ………………………………………………… 10 I will ask the painter to paint my house soon …………………………………………………… 11 Mr Green has told the electrician to repair his electric fan ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Alice is going to tell the manicurist to manicure her nails next Sunday ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 The actress will ask the photographer to take some photos ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Mr Pikes asked his students to cut their hair every months ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 We must tell the painter to paint our room soon ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… II Rewrite these sentences, using Causative Passive Form : The mother has had her daughter make a dress ………………………………………………… Did you have anyone paint the chair ? ………………………………………………………… The boss has had the servant wash his car ……………………………………………………… We have a carpenter make a desk ……………………………………………………………… Mrs Green had had May feed the cat ………………………………………………………… Stepmother had Cinderella separate the rice from the husk ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Please have someone carry my luggage to the airport ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Mr Kim is going to have a tailor make a new shirt ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… She is going to have the shoe-repairman mend her shoes ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 Mrs Smith is going to have an eye-specialist examine her eyes ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… III Use the correct verb form : He has his shoes ………………… every day (shine) He gets his hair ………………… once a month (cut) We shall have those books ……………………… to you (bring) Maria had her landlord …………………… the broken windows before winter (fix) I’ll get a specialist ……………………… my health (check up) They are going to have their wedding card ………………… there (print) She got the post office ……………………… a telephone in his flat (install) Before we leave, let’s have Sally ……………… a map so we wouldn’t get lost (draw) She can’t always get her mother …………………… aloud to her (read) 10 She can make any dogs …………………… her (obey) 11 I called the company to have my telephone …………………… (change) 12 They are going to have a new school …………………… (build) 13 She had a street artist …………………… her portrait (paint) 14 She got the dentist …………………… her decaying tooth (pull out) 15 To please my son, I had his old bicycle …………………… (repair) TOPIC : PASSIVE VOICE (Câu bị động) I Use the correct PASSIVE tense of these verbs in brackets : An island ……………………… by water (cover) I ……………………… to the party last night but I didn’t come (invite) Many accidents …………………… by reckless driving (cause) A new dormitory …………………… in the university campus now (build) Thank goodness ! My jewelry …………………… in the robbery last night (steal / not) If I didn’t my job properly, I ………………………… (sack) The electric light bulb ……………………… by Thomas Edison (invent) Mickey Mouse cartoons …………………………… in sixty languages (translate) If it is foggy, that sport event …………………………… (cancel) 10 The examinees …………………… the result of the examination next week (tell) 11 This machine ……………………… for quite a long time (not use) 12 The clever dog saved Lan and her family from …………………… in the typhoon (catch) 13 I am looking forward to ……………………… fairly (treat) WANGARI MAATHAI Wangari Maathai …………………… (award) the Noble Prize in 2004 She ………………… (praise) by the Noble committee as a source of inspiration for everyone in Africa fighting for sustainable development, democracy and peace When she started the Green Belt movement in 1977, Kenya was suffering from deforestation and desertification Thousands of tree ……………… (cut down) and many family ……………………… (leave) in poverty as a result Since then, her most successful campaign to mobilize women to plant some 30 million trees ……………………… (copy) by others countries During that time, the movement …………………… (transform) into a campaign on education, nutrition and other issues Her campaign has not always been popular, Mrs Maathai …… …………… (arrest) several times for campaigning against deforestation in Africa, and once she ………………… (beat) unconscious by the heavy handed people But in elections in 2002, she ……………………… (elect) as an MP as part of an opposition coalition which swept to power, and she ………………… (appoint) as a deputy environment minister in 2003 II Change these sentences to the passive voice : My students have met their friend at the station ……………………………………………… They didn’t allow Tom to take these books home ……………………………………………… The teacher won’t correct exercises tomorrow ………………………………………………… How many trees did they cut down ? …………………………………………………………… This well-known library attracts many people ………………………………………………… All students attended the meeting ……………………………………………………………… People say that he is intelligent ………………………………………………………………… He can’t repair my bike ………………………………………………………………………… 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 Mary has operated Tom since 10 o’clock ……………………………………………………… Mr Smith has taught us French for years …………………………………………………… They didn’t look after the children properly …………………………………………………… Nobody swept this street last week …………………………………………………………… People drink a great deal of tea in England …………………………………………………… People speak English all over the world ……………………………………………………… Tom was writing poems ……………………………………………………………………… She often takes her dog for a walk……………………………………………………………… She didn’t introduce me to her mother ………………………………………………………… Farmers usually milk cows twice a day ………………………………………………………… He likes people to call him “sir” ……………………………………………………………… Our teacher used to bid us talk in class ………………………………………………………… Don’t let other see you ………………………………………………………………………… Workers were digging a large hole in the ground ……………………………………………… The car knocked a woman down in the street ………………………………………………… Cows were eating grass on the meadow ………………………………………………………… My cousin will meet you at the station ………………………………………………………… She is running her own company ……………………………………………………………… Visitors must leave umbrellas in the cloakroom ……………………………………………… My mother used to make us clean the house …………………………………………………… John hasn’t finished his homework …………………………………………………………… They suggested banning advertisements on TV ………………………………………………… I will shut the door if you like ………………………………………………………………… We have just seen a horrible accident ………………………………………………………… What language people speak in this country? ……………………………………………… At p.m., Mrs Smith was making cakes ……………………………………………………… He isn’t going to buy that house ………………………………………………………………… This terrorist has kept hostages for a week …………………………………………………… He hasn’t seen you for years …………………………………………………………………… The examiner will read the passage times …………………………………………………… An earthquake destroyed the town …………………………………………………………… He didn’t type the letter last night ……………………………………………………………… They will pick me up at my house …………………………………………………………… When did you see him in that bank? …………………………………………………………… A man returned the keys to me ………………………………………………………………… Mary will see her friends off at the station …………………………………………………… They have to pull down that building …………………………………………………………… He gave me a knife to cut this bread …………………………………………………………… They used to drink beer in England ……………………………………………………………… She can sew shirts a day ……………………………………………………………………… We consider that she is the best singer ………………………………………………………… Nobody has used this room for ages …………………………………………………………… I am translating an article into Vietnamese …………………………………………………… People said he had swallowed a safety pin ……………………………………………………… Someone is following me ……………………………………………………………………… The State will assign our students to different jobs …………………………………………… She read the letter again and again last night ………………………………………………… This is the first time they have written to us about this …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57 How many lessons are you going to learn next month? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 58 Someone had invented electric lights before I was born …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 59 People know that Japan produces a wide range of cars …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 60 Before they took exams they had revised their lessons …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 61 When he came home his father was reading a newspaper …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 62 My father will take me to Ho Chi Minh City next week ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 63 When I was 18 years old, my parents allowed me to go out in the evening …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 64 You were wearing your new hat when I met you yesterday …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 65 He is preparing everything for the presidential election …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 66 Last Friday, when I came to Jane’s house, she had finished all exercises …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 67 Countries are finding a way to solve the problem …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 68 He put the letter in the drawer, and then he locked it up …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 69 By the end of this year, we will have learnt 2,000 English words …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70 Don’t ask for another book until you finish this one …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71 Her father was planting different kinds of flowers in the garden …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72 The Prime Minister is making a speech at the moment …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73 How many days did she spend finishing the work? …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74 The doctor pulled out one of my teeth yesterday morning …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75 His wife usually brings him sandwiches at lunch time …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 76 The light went out while I was making a cup of tea …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77 When she went to Barcelona, she learnt some Spanish …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 78 The students of chemistry made many experiments last week …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79 For the past years, I have done all my washing by hand …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 80 A pair of robins has built a nest in the porch since last week …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81 They say that she is the best singer in this town She ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 82 They believe he will be the winner It ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83 People think that Tom stole food in the supermarket days ago Tom ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 84 Someone reported that the situation was under control The situation …………………………………………………………………………………… 85 It is said that she works 16 hours a day She ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… III Combine each pairs of these sentences, using IF : a) Type : Recycle and we’ll save natural resources ……………………………………………………… Be careful or you will fall over the rocks ……………………………………………………… Working too much can make you feel tired ……………………………………………………… Don’t be careless or you’ll break the vase ……………………………………………………… Ha can pass the exam, she has to work hard.……………………………………………………… He can a part to save the environment by buying recycled products ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Putting garbage into the bins is one answer to minimize pollution ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… We should take the map with us or we will lose our way on the street ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Ellen can borrow it, but she must give it back next week ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 The authorities are thinking of raising the petrol prices I will have to cycle to work ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… b) Type : I can’t give you the answer because I don’t know ……………………………………………… Why don’t you apply for the job ? ……………………………………………………………… I advise you to pay a visit to Nha Rong Harbor ………………………………………………… But for his pension, he would starve ………………………………………………………… How about going to school by bus ? …………………………………………………………… Mrs Green has no money so he won’t travel to the world ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Rachel might fall her driving test But she can take it again ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… The office might be closed In that case Minh won’t be able to walk in ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… You haven’t got a pen, so you can’t write down the address ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 The number on those houses in this apartment aren’t clearly numbered, therefore I find it difficult to find my cousin’s house ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… c) Type : Jerry didn’t understand the lesson He didn’t answer ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Carol didn’t answer the telephone because she was studying ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Because he didn’t study hard enough, he failed in the exam ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… I was stuck in the traffic jam ; and that’s why I came late ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… He had the flu because he went out in the rain last night ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… John didn’t find the money He didn’t return it ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… I didn’t know you were there I didn’t call you ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The heavy rain prevented everybody from going out ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Jimmy lent me the money Otherwise, I would have gone out with business ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 10 Without your help, I wouldn’t have succeeded this project ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… d) Mixed practice : Why don’t study hard ? ………………………………………………………………………… Keep silent or you’ll wake the baby up ………………………………………………………… I don’t know the answer, so I can’t tell you …………………………………………………… We got lost because we didn’t have the map …………………………………………………… My friend was so late, so he missed the train …………………………………………………… This car is too heavy for me to move …………………………………………………………… Morning exercises make me feel healthy ……………………………………………………… The church bells keep me from sleeping ………………………………………………………… Without air, we would die ………………………………………………………………… 10 I advise him to stop smoking …………………………………………………………………… 11 Be calm, or you’ll make a wrong decision ……………………………………………………… 12 Without a visa, he couldn’t have come to that new country ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 Today isn’t Sunday, so the students don’t go swimming ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Because you don’t leave immediately, I call the policeman ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 I don’t know her number, so I don’t ring her up ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 Go right now or you will be late for the train ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 As she is often absent from class, she can’t keep pace with her classmates ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 I couldn’t write to Alice because I didn’t know her address ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 The heavy rain kept everybody from going outdoors ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 I didn’t watch TV last night because I was busy ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 People don’t see the UFO, so they don’t call the National UFO Reporting Center ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 22 Thu can’t swim, so she doesn’t go swimming in Lam Son Swimming pool ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 23 His flight was delayed so he couldn’t be there on time ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24 Thanks to Lisa’s report, I was able to finish the project ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25 Without your help, I couldn’t overcome the problem ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26 She didn’t stop her car because she didn’t see the signal ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27 They not understand you because you speak too fast ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28 He doesn’t apply for the job because he doesn’t have enough qualifications ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29 He never polishes his shoes, so he never looks smart ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30 Go right now or you will be late for the train ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 TOPIC : RELATIVE CLAUSES (Mệnh đề quan hệ) I Rewrite as directions : i Use a Relative pronoun or a Relative adverb to combine each pairs of the sentences below A dictionary is a book It gives you the meaning of words ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The man was very kind I talk to him yesterday ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Nam is an excellent student His father’s death made him sad a lot ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The children are playing soccer in the stadium Do you know them? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The little boy lost his way He is crying over there ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Kim Lien is a village Ho Chi Minh was born and lived there ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Ha Noi is an ancient city Many customs are still on this lovely area ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Vu Quoc Viet is a famous artist I love his works very much ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Teacher’s Day is a day All the students show their gratitude to their teacher on that day ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 Quynh Dao is a famous writer Quynh Dao’s works are widely read all over the world ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 Sa Pa is a famous city Many visitors travel to this city for their holiday ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Easter is a festival People will have a lot of fun in this occasion ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 The river is the Saigon river It flows through Ho Chi Minh city ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Mona was painted by Leonardo De Vinci It has been popular for long ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 The lady in black is a famous writer You met her at the party last night ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 The little boy lost his way He is crying over there ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Children like to eat ice-cream It can cause toothache if they have too much everyday ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 Mr Quang is a famous chef cook His food can be enjoyed all over the world ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 Mrs Lien is very smart I met the son of her on the stage last night ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 Dolphins are sometimes caught and killed in fishing nets They often swim with other fish ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 The tourists visited China They went to see the Great Wall and the old Kingdom in Beijing ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 22 My classmates had so much fun at the carnival They wanted to go there again ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 23 A typhoon is a violent tropical storm It can cause great destruction ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24 The victims of the club need help They were half-starved for many days ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25 The Southam Chess Club meets weekly on Friday evenings It has more than 50 members 19 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26 Lan is my classmate She lives near my parents’ house ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27 Ninety per cent of the earthquakes occur around the Pacific Rim It is known as the Ring of Fire ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28 The weather forecast program take place at 8:oo pm every day Some people like to watch it ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29 The female mosquito can suck blood and transmit malaria It can survive in new and different environments ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30 Her book is widely read It is well- written ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31 Cuc Phuong is a famous nation park I came there along time ago ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 He is a manager in this factory You have talked to his mother in the company ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33 Trinh Cong Son composed songs They are greatly liked by millions of Vietnamese people ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34 John Bridge is one of my oldest friends He has just gone to live in Canada ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35 The Earth is a planet It can support life ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36 The man works in the hospital I told you about him ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37 He is a famous doctor inmy neighbor You have just met his daughter last night ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38 Tet is a big occasion The members of family gather on this occasion ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39 New York is a famous city Everybody want to live in this city ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40 The scientists are making progress They are researching the causes of cancer ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 41 The movie Harry Potter is coming soon I’m longing to see it ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42 Then he was caught in the mouth of a white shark It is one of the most dangerous sea creatures ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 43 The most beautiful park is opposite my house It has a lot of big trees ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 44 A waitress served us She was very impolite and impatient ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45 A building was destroyed in the fire It has now been rebuilt ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46 Some people were arrested They have now been released ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47 A bus goes to the airport It runs every half an hour ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48 Peter is studying French and German He has been abroad ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 49 Chinese people have a very special kind of soup This kind of soup is made from shark’s fin ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 50 Many people get sick or die every year These people eat puffer fish, a very poisonous species ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ii Rewrite these sentences, remember to put commas in their right place : Smallpox has disappeared It once killed thousands of people every year 20 This is Felicity You met her sister last week He swam across the English Channel It is hard to believe that Borges was a wonderful writer He never won the Nobel Prize Charlie Chaplin died in 1977 His films amused millions Dr Oley is our family’s dentist He is a popular dentist in the city His sisters are identical twins I saw them last The river is the Sai Gon River It flows through Ho Chi Minh City The girls are performing the play They rehearsed it yesterday 10 Their parents are anxious about their children The children come back late iii Reduce relative clause to participial phrase : Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom John, who was taken by surprise, hardly knew what to say The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet We drove along the road that was still flooded after the heavy rain The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress The wild ox which is kept at Nam Cat Tien National Park is of a special kind The helicopter which was flying toward the lake made a low droning sound The winner of the marathon, who was breathing deeply and smiling at the crowd, raised her right hand and waved 10 Any student who does not want to go on the trip should inform the office iv Combine these sentences, using : THAT, WHICH, WHO, WHOM, WHOSE We are visiting Ha Long Ha Long is in the north of Vietnam We’ll meet Peter tomorrow He has brother and one sister We are talking to Vietnam Vietnam has a population of million people I should phone the man I borrowed his car yesterday 21 We stayed at the Cau Vong hotel Nam recommended it to us Jane works for a company It makes shoes John is one of my closest friends I have known him for a very long time A pacifist is a person He believes that all wars are wrong Linh Giang is my neighbor We met her yesterday 10 HCM City is in the north of Vietnam HCM city is the most populous city in the country v Combine these sentences, using WHICH, WHERE, WHEN : Ha Noi is the place I’d like to come to Ha Noi Summer is the time The weather is very hot then The bed was comfortable I slept in it last night I never forget the park We met each other for the first time at this park I not know the reason She left school for it We have not decided the day I’ll go to London on that day Our school has a good laboratory The students practice chemistry in the laboratory Our school has a good laboratory Mr John designed it in 7:30 is the time My plane will arrive then 10 I love my parents’ house I was born in that house vi Rewrite these sentences, using preposition + WHO / WHOM : The movie was interesting We went to it I couldn’t understand the woman I talked to her on the phone I want to tell you about the party I went to it last night The music was gentle We listened to it last night Alice likes the foreign family She is living with them The market has refresh vegetables I usually go to it The man is over there I told you about him The film is fantastic They are talking about it She’s the nurse We gave the flowers to her 10 We are speaking to the man The man was our new history teacher 22 TOPIC 10 : PHRASE AND CLAUSE (Mệnh đề cụm từ) -A PHRASE AND CLAUSE OF PURPOSE (Mệnh đề cụm từ mục đích) I Rewrite these sentences, using CLAUSE OF PURPOSE : We hurried to school so as not to be late ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… He climbed up the tree in order to get better view ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… You should get up early so that you will have time to review your lesson ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Some young people like to earn their own living in order to be independent of their parents ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… We should morning exercise so as to improve our health ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Everybody in the world must unite their efforts to maintain and protect peace ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… She put on warm clothes so as not to catch cold ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… She locked the door so as not to be disturbed ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… He cut the hair so as to avoid being arrested by the police ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 We should take advantage of the scientific achievements of the world so that we can develop our national money ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… II Rewrite these sentences, using PHRASE OF PURPOSE : Leave early so that you may get home before dark ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… This man changed the address constantly so that he could avoid the police ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… I shouted in order that I could warn anyone of danger ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Banks are developed so that they can keep people’s money safe ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Mary went to the library in order that she could borrow some books ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Yesterday, my father went to the bank so that he would open a checking account ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… I went to see him so that I could find what had happened ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Tom is saving up so that he could buy a new bicycle ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… He hurried so that he could catch the train ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 She is learning French so that she will be able to speak it when she comes to Paris ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… III Use phrase or clause of purpose to combine each pairs of these sentences : The boy stood on the chair He wanted to get better view ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… We turn down the volume of the radio We don’t want to bother our neighbors ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… I’ll write to you I want you to know my decision 23 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Angelina Jolie wore a veil She didn’t want to be recognized ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… These men were talking in whispers They didn’t want anyone to hear their conversation ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… The boy feigned to be sick He hoped we didn’t make him work ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… The man spoke loudly He wanted everyone in the hall could hear him clearly ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Doris often goes home as soon as the class is over She doesn’t want her mother to wait for her ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Mr Thompson is studying Vietnamese He wishes to read Kim Van Kieu ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 Alice prepared her lesson carefully She needed to get good marks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 You should walk slowly Your sister can follow you ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 She needs a job She wants to support her parents ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 The farmer built a high wall around his garden The fruits wouldn’t be stolen ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 The notices are written in several languages Everyone may understand them ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Dick is practicing the guitar He can play for the dance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… I 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 II B PHRASE AND CLAUSE OF RESULT (Mệnh đề cụm từ kết quả) Combine each pairs of these sentences, using TOO : Tom is short He can’t touch the ceiling ……………………………………………………… Alice is very young She can’t stay at home alone ……………………………………………… It’s very late We can’t see a movie …………………………………………………………… She lives far from school She can’t walk there ………………………………………………… It’s very cold We can’t go swimming today …………………………………………………… The jacket is very small He can’t wear it ……………………………………………………… Peter is very tired He can’t study ……………………………………………………………… The pencil is very short She can’t use it ……………………………………………………… The meeting is very important We can’t miss it ……………………………………………… Sarah can’t take a day off She was very busy ………………………………………………… You speak so fast that I can’t catch up with your words …………………………………………………………………………………………………… The piano was too heavy We couldn’t hang it on the wall …………………………………………………………………………………………………… The test was very long We can’t finish it in half an hour …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Mike was very busy He couldn’t go to his aunt’s house warming party …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Some movies are very violent Children shouldn’t watch them …………………………………………………………………………………………………… He reached the station very late He couldn’t catch the train …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Combine each pairs of these sentences, using ENOUGH : It’s not warm today We can’t go outside ……………………………………………………… 24 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 III 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 The coat isn’t warm I can’t wear it in winter ………………………………………………… Tom doesn’t have money He can’t pay his bills ……………………………………………… The ice is very thick People can dance on it …………………………………………………… The ladder is rather long We can use it ………………………………………………………… The shirt is big He can wear it ………………………………………………………………… That bookcase is large It can hold 150 books ………………………………………………… The box is light She can lift it ………………………………………………………………… The weather is very rough We can’t swim in it …………………………………………………………………………………………………… A taxi would have been best But I didn’t have enough money …………………………………………………………………………………………………… I didn’t have time I couldn’t eat breakfast this morning …………………………………………………………………………………………………… The room is not wide We can’t hold a party in this room …………………………………………………………………………………………………… That chair is not strong We can’t stand so long on that chair …………………………………………………………………………………………………… It was very hot You can fry an egg on the pavement …………………………………………………………………………………………………… You are quite thin You can slip between the two bars …………………………………………………………………………………………………… All my guests will need chairs But I haven’t got any …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Mary doesn’t have money She can’t buy that Martin bicycle …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Combine each pairs of these sentences, using SO / SUCH THAT : She was frightened She lost control of her car ………………………………………………… It was a fine day We wanted to go picnicking ………………………………………………… He gave me good advice I passed the test easily ……………………………………………… It was a foggy night We couldn’t see the road ………………………………………………… The music was loud It gave me a headache …………………………………………………… The room is crowded We can hardly move …………………………………………………… He was given a lot of work to He protested ………………………………………………… We had fun We want to go there again ………………………………………………………… It was a bad storm We had to seek shelter ……………………………………………………… I waited a long time I finally had to leave ……………………………………………………… She received very shocking news She nearly fainted …………………………………………………………………………………………………… It was a beautiful dress Mary wanted to show it to everybody at the party …………………………………………………………………………………………………… She drove very fast A policeman had to stop her and gave her a ticket …………………………………………………………………………………………………… He had so many books to read He didn’t find time for his hobby …………………………………………………………………………………………………… He had a lot of work to He did not have time for lunch …………………………………………………………………………………………………… There were many people in the theater I couldn’t find the seat …………………………………………………………………………………………………… She was very short She couldn’t reach the tops of the high shelves …………………………………………………………………………………………………… He was very disappointed He committed a suicide …………………………………………………………………………………………………… His sudden appearance gave her a great surprise She burst out crying …………………………………………………………………………………………………… I had a lot of trouble with my schoolwork I had to ask for help …………………………………………………………………………………………………… There were a lot of questions on the test I couldn’t finish it in half an hour …………………………………………………………………………………………………… The children took a large bite of sandwich He couldn’t chew it …………………………………………………………………………………………………… It was a delicious dessert I decided to order portion 25 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 …………………………………………………………………………………………………… It was a strong wind It blew down several banyan trees in this village …………………………………………………………………………………………………… There were many people in the hall We couldn’t see Professor Taylor …………………………………………………………………………………………………… The atmosphere was suffocating Nobody could resist the temptation to go to the seaside …………………………………………………………………………………………………… He lives far from the office He often gets up early to catch the bus to go to work on time …………………………………………………………………………………………………… There were very few students at the extra class It was cancelled …………………………………………………………………………………………………… The tornado struck with great force It lifted automobiles off the ground …………………………………………………………………………………………………… Grandpa held me tightly when he hugged me I couldn’t breathe for a moment …………………………………………………………………………………………………… C PHRASE AND CLAUSE OF REASON and CONCESSION (Mệnh đề cụm từ nguyên nhân nhượng bộ) I Complete these sentences by using although / in spite of / because / because of : ………………… the meeting is at 2pm, I won’t be able to see you ………………… I told you the absolute truth, no one would believe me The goods were never delivered ………………… the promise we had received, My mother is always complaining ……………… The untidiness of my room I didn’t get the job …………………… I have all necessary qualifications It’s unsafe to travel in that country …………………… the ongoing civil war The villagers refused to leave …………………… the drought ………………… everything looked different, I had no idea to go ………………… his age, John was not hired ……………… he had enough qualifications 10 It was difficult to deliver the letter …………….the sender had written the wrong address on the envelope 11 We decided to leave early …………………the party was boring 12 Rescue attempts were temporarily halted ……………………………the bad weather 13 Paul may not go to the football game………………………….his grades 14 They visited their friends often ……………….they enjoyed their company 15 ………………… the traffic jam, I came to the meeting late 16 ……………… having a bad cough, she was able to sing in the choir 17 She walked slowly ………………… her leg was injured 18 Several people in the crowd became ill and fainted ……………… the extreme heat 19 I went to work the next day …………………… I was still feeling unwell 20 ………………… there was a shortage of water, many trees died rapidly II Choose the best answer : _it was raining heavily he went out without a raincoat A In spite B In spite of C However D Although _he wasn’t feeling very well; Mr Graham went to visit his aunt as usual A Although B However C Therefore D Still He was offered the job his qualifications were poor A despite B in spite of C even though D Whereas we were in town, we often met him A For B Although C So D When She didn’t get the job she had all the necessary qualifications A because B although C so D but I could not eat I was very hungry A even though B in spite C despite D in spite the fact that In pite _, the baseball game was not cancelled A the rain B of the rain C it was raining D there was a rain he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car A In spite B In spite of C Despite D Although , he walked to the station A Despite tired B In spite being tired C Although to be tired D Despite being tired The children slept well, despite _ A it was noise B the noise C of the noise D noisy 10 She left him she still loved him A even if B even though C in spite of D despite 26 11 _ her lack of hard work, she was promoted A In spite B Even though C in spite of D despite of 12 _ they are brothers, they not look like A Although B Even C Despite D In spite of 13 We are concerned with the problem of energy resouces we must think of our environment A despite B though C as though D but 14 some Japanese women are successful in business, the majority of Japanese companies are run by men A But B Even if C If D As though 15 In spite of not speaking French, Mike decided to settle in Paris A Even though Mike didn’t speak French, but he decided to settle in Paris B Mike decided to settle in Paris despite he didn’t speak French C Mike decided to settle in Paris though the fact that not speaking French D Although Mike didn’t speak French; he decided to settle in Paris 16 Mr Ba was late for the meeting though he took a taxi A Even though taking a taxi, Mr Ba was late for the meeting B In spite of taking a taxi, but Mr Ba was late for the meeting C Mr Ba was late for the meeting despite the fact he took a taxi D Mr Ba was late for the meeting although having taken a taxi 17 We came to the meeting on time though the traffic was heavy A Despite the traffic was heavy; we came to the meeting on time B In spite of the heavy traffic, we came to the meeting on time C Even though the heavy traffic, we came to the meeting on time D Although the traffic was heavy, but we came to the meeting on time 18 Although he took a taxi, Bill still arrived late for the concert A Bill arrived late for the concert whether he took a taxi or not B Bill arrived late for the concert because of the taxi C In spite of taking a taxi, Bill arrived late for the concert D Bill took a taxi to the concert, but he couldn’t catch it 19 Although she is rich, she can’t afford to buy the car A She doesn’t have enough money to buy the car she likes B Rich as she is, she can’t afford to buy the car C The car is too expensive for her to buy D She wants to buy the car but it costs a lot 20 Although Sue felt tired, she stayed up late talking to Jill A Despite feeling tired, Sue stayed up late talking to Jill B In spite feeling tired, Sue stayed up late talking to Jill C Sue wouldn’t feel tired despite staying up late talking to Jill D Sue stayed up late talking to Jill As a result, she was tired III Rewrite these sentences, using BECAUSE / BECAUSE OF : A Because I am sick, I not go out  Because of …………………………………………… Because the water is polluted, we can’t swim in that river  Because of …………………………………………………………………………………… Because Nga has had a sore leg, she had difficulty in walking  Because of …………………………………………………………………………………… Because he behaved badly, he found himself in trouble  Because of …………………………………………………………………………………… Because it was snowing, we didn’t go out for a walk  Because of …………………………………………………………………………………… Because of his good looks, he is popular with many girls  Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… Because of his serious sickness, he couldn’t come to the class  Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… Because of too much exhaust fume, people have to wear gauze masks in the streets  Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… Because of their good performance, they won the first prize  Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… 10 Because of your advice, we didn’t use that poisonous chemical  Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… 27 B He came late because it was dark …………………………………………………………… I can’t study because it is noisy …………………………………………………………… I can’t sleep because the weather is hot …………………………………………………… He left school because his life was hard …………………………………………………… Mary didn’t go to school yesterday because she was sick ………………………………… She went to bed early because she felt tired ………………………………………………… I like him because his father is kind to me ………………………………………………… I can eat these fruits because they are green ………………………………………………… I couldn’t the test because it is difficult ………………………………………………… 10 The train came late because it was raining ………………………………………………… 11 Ann didn’t go to the circus with Betty because she had a bad cold …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 John succeeded in his exam because he worked hard and methodically …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 Margaret stayed home because her mother was sick …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 All the teachers love him because his conduct is good …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 I couldn’t read the letter because it was dark …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 We stopped our car because the traffic lights turned red …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 The plane couldn’t take off the weather was bad …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 Because of the heavy rain, I came late to the school anniversary …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 Rice plants grow well because the climate is warm and damp …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 He couldn’t drive fast because the street was crowded and narrow …………………………………………………………………………………………………… IV Rewrite these sentences, using ALTHOUGH / THOUGH / DESPITE / IN SPITE OF Although it got dark, they continued to work ……………………………………………… Although it was noisy, I keep on studying ………………………………………………… The flight was not delayed it was foggy …………………………………………………… He ate all the fruit though it was green ……………………………………………………… We did the test well in spite of its difficulty ………………………………………………… In spite of his strength, I am not afraid of him ……………………………………………… Mr Pike doesn’t wear classes despite his old age ………………………………………… He didn’t eat much in spite of being hungry ……………………………………………… The plane took off in despite the bad weather.……………………………………………… 10 He couldn’t solve the problem though he is good at math …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 Although he had much experience in machinery, he didn’t succeed in repairing this machine …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Although it rained heavily, I went to school on time …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 Everybody has great regard for him despite his poverty …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 He didn’t stop his car though the traffic lights turned red …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 He studied very well despite his hard life at that time …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28 16 Although the streets are narrow, many people drive cars in this city …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Despite being good at English, he wasn’t chosen …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 Despite having an English name, he is in fact German …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 He always studied hard though he encounters difficulty …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20 Despite the bad weather, he came to the meeting on time …………………………………………………………………………………………………… V Rewrite these sentences : The traffic jam made them come to the meeting late => Because……………………………………………………………………………………… Because of the heavy rain, the traffic jam became more serious => Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… Although he has a very important job, he isn’t particularly well-paid =>In spite of …………………………………………………………………………………… Although I had never seen her before, I recognized her from a photograph => Despite ……………………………………………………………………………………… She wasn’t wearing the coat although it was quite cold =>In spite of ……………………………………………………………………………………… We thought we’d better invite them to the party although we don’t like them very much => Despite ……………………………………………………………………………………… Although I didn’t speak the language, I managed to make myself understand =>In spite of ……………………………………………………………………………………… Although the heat was on, the room wasn’t warm => Despite ……………………………………………………………………………………… I didn’t recognize her although I’d met her twice before =>In spite of ……………………………………………………………………………………… 10 Mr Harris often misses the bus because his hours are irregular => Because of ………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 We’re not very good friends although we’ve known each other a long time => Despite ……………………………………………………………………………………… 12 Although Minh was ill, he still came to the meeting =>In spite of ……………………………………………………………………………………… 13 The play was not accepted because of numerous objections which they made => Because ……………………………………………………………………………………… 14 In spite of his age, he still leads an active life => Even though …………………………………………………………………………………… 15 In spite of his hard work, Ba he failed his exam => Though ……………………………………………………………………………………… 16 In spite of the heavy rain, we decided to go to see the match => Although ……………………………………………………………………………………… 17 In spite of their quarrel, they remain the best of friends => Though ……………………………………………………………………………………… 18 In spite of the bad weather, they went out for dinner => Although ……………………………………………………………………………………… 19 She isn’t brilliant but she studies quite well => Although ……………………………………………………………………………………… 20 The house isn’t nice, but I like the garden => Even though …………………………………………………………………………………… TOPIC 11 : CLEFT SENTENCES, CONJUNCTIONS AND INVERSIONS (Câu chẻ, liên từ phép đảo ngữ) 29 I Combine each pairs of sentences, using “both … and”, “neither … nor” , “either … or”: He didn’t smile He didn’t see anything ………………………………………………………… The hotel isn’t clean and it isn’t comfortable …………………………………………………… We can go to Rome or we can go to Milan …………………………………………………… We didn’t eat We didn’t drink ………………………………………………………………… He didn’t sleep well I didn’t sleep well ………………………………………………………… My uncle is a writer He is also a teacher ……………………………………………………… Clark practices law He also teaches it ………………………………………………………… There wasn’t any food and there wasn’t anything to drink ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… She doesn’t have a big house She doesn’t have a car, but she is happy ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 They have houses in the country They also have houses in the city ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 It isn’t warm It isn’t sunny at this time of year ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 That animal might be a fox It might always be a young wolf ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 The front of the house needs painting The back needs painting, too ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 Maggie knows how to prepare Chinese food Her sister knows how to prepare Chinese food ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 George doesn’t smoke and he doesn’t drink, either George neither …………………………… 16 Jim is on holiday and so is Carol Both ………………………………………………………… 17 Jim doesn’t have a car and neither does Jane Neither ………………………………………… 18 It was a boring film, and it was long too The film …………………………………………… 19 On Friday evening, sometimes I go to the cinema, sometimes I stay home and watch TV On Friday evening, I either ……………………………………………………………………… 20 Is that man’s name Richard ? Or it is Robert ? It’s one of two That man’s name ………………………………………………………………………………… II Rewrite these sentences, using Cleft sentences to emphasize the underlined part : Ted brought the book to me ……………………………………………………………………… David teaches in Technical College …………………………………………………………… It happened in 1967 ……………………………………………………………………………… I love these cute cats …………………………………………………………………………… England won the World Cup in 1966 …………………………………………………………… Peter lent us money ……………………………………………………………………………… Teasing animals is very cruel …………………………………………………………………… Knowing who you are is important ……………………………………………………………… I saw Ann, I didn’t see Mary …………………………………………………………………… 10 My address is 728 Nguyen Trai Street ………………………………………………………… III Change these sentences into cleft sentences in the passive : Mary sent him a lot of presents………………………………………………………………… People speak English all over the world ……………………………………………………… The dog saved a little boy from the storm ……………………………………………………… Mr Johnson sent the Jiff Company a letter …………………………………………………… Did the boy throw his friend a baseball ? ……………………………………………………… Fred gave Mary the money …………………………………………………………………… Her younger sister broke her glasses ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Vietnamese people celebrate Tet as the greatest occasion in a year ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Mr Tam teaches English at Vo Truong Toan School ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 They didn’t stop the noise until midnight ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… IV Rewrite these sentences 30 They didn’t build a bridge on Tien River until 1995 Not until ……………………………………………………………………………………………… There had been a lot of arguments about the problem until the professor came Not until ……………………………………………………………………………………………… A big man was standing in front of them In front of them ……………………………………………………………………………………… Immediately after his arrival, things went wrong No sooner …………………………………………………………………………………………… The girl just had time to put her umbrella before the rain came down No sooner …………………………………………………………………………………………… If you had come to my birthday party last night, it would have been pleasanter Had …………………………………………………………………………………………………… I didn’t prepare the lesson last night I am in trouble now Had …………………………………………………………………………………………………… It was noticed because of his exclamation Had…………………………………………………………………………………………………… There were too many cakes for me to eat all Such ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 A lot of people are in the hall now I can’t breathe Such ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 The exercise was very easy They did it in two minutes So …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 The film was uninteresting, so I turned off the TV So …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 You won’t see cliffs like these anywhere else in the world Nowhere …………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 He can sing very well He can also play the guitar well Not only ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Mary asked her father to lend her some money She even borrowed from me Not only ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 I realized how much I loved the city only after I had left it Only ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31 ... campus 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128... been some decrease ………… military spending this year 10 Nobody knows what the cause ………… the explosion was 11 Do you think we’ll find a solution ………… this problem? 12 Have you ever read any books... in this shop…………………? 87 But guide dogs can come in………………………? 88 He hardly ever leaves the house……………………? 89 That isn't Bill driving……………………? 90 Nothing went wrong………………? Lions are loose in this
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