Oxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keys

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Technology 2 answer keysAnswer đi kèm quyển Technology 2 của Oxford Oxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keysOxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keysOxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keysOxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keysOxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keysOxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keysOxford English for Career Technology 2 Answer keys 1  Technology Practice File Answers Practice File Answers Unit 1  Technology and Society 1Grammar than older less powerful more efficient more slowly goes faster much much more Key words from the unit global warming detector Download hack innovations power stations Thrust exploration 3Comprehension (They are) things that improve our lives, our work and our environment Engineers and technologists (design these things.) (They use) radio waves Technicians (do.) Model answer: (I have used) a car, a mobile phone, a microwave oven and lighting (It can have) positive and negative effects Words from the text technology, biotechnology mechanics, electronics technician, electrician computers, satellite receivers monitors, smoke detectors information, telecommunications Further vocabulary practice pollution weight speed engine memory manufacturing Compare two things Model answer Notebook computers are smaller and lighter than desktop computers, so you can carry them more easily However, desktops are cheaper than notebooks They are also faster and more powerful They have bigger screens and keyboards too, but I prefer a notebook because I can use it in different places: at home and at college for example Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 2  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 2  Studying technology 1Grammar likes don’t produces am are Do you know maintains isn’t working Key words from the unit lab career subject qualification overseas research semester architecture 3Comprehension c (Technicians can become engineers) by doing courses (at colleges and universities) A certificate (is below a diploma) (You can do) a part-time course They must ensure it is completed on time Communications Words from the text training a course a degree civil engineering surveying fluid Further vocabulary practice electrical Chemical Planning Drawing managerial computing Describe a course Model answer I’m learning English because it is part of my course and because I need it for my future career I hope to work in the oil industry after the course I have eight hours of English lessons per week We learn listening, speaking, reading and writing skills We also study grammar and vocabulary I don’t study English in my own time, but I sometimes watch English TV channels My biggest problem with English is my slow reading speed I can try to solve this by reading more often Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 3  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 3  Design 1Grammar Words from the text is In Madrid Does the design look makes doesn’t will you need Can you Who Key words from the unit sketch evaluate brief prototype manufacturer costings mass-produce function Comprehension (It describes) the design process A need or a problem is noticed The designer investigates and researches A detailed drawing and a prototype or a simulation (are produced) The designer tests it Model answer: If the evaluation is negative, the company can ask the designer to improve the design, or they may decide not to manufacture the product solves stages improve heated alternative product Further vocabulary practice technical vertical comfortable durable investigate communicate Write a summary Model answer The design process has several stages First someone notices a problem or need So a design brief is written for a new product Then the designer investigates and researches things like materials and costs After that, he or she develops alternative solutions and draws sketches Then, the best solution is chosen The next stage is realization A detailed drawing is made and then a prototype or a computer simulation is produced Then the prototype is tested and evaluated Finally, the company decides whether to manufacture the new product Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 4  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 4  Technology in sport 1Grammar Words from the text used to make are used for am used to Is it made 5from made of made of 8from 1hard 2elasticity 3strength 4lightness 5tough corrosion-resistance Key words from the unit 1alloy 2bearings 3corrosion 4stretch 5plywood 6aerodynamic 7wear 8flexible Comprehension If your equipment is not strong enough Compression and tension It can cause corrosion Model answer: Flexible means ‘able to bend’, but elastic means ‘able to bend or stretch and return to its first shape’ They are strong, light and elastic / They have strength, lightness and elasticity They are light, strong and corrosionresistant / They combine lightness, strength and corrosion-resistance Further vocabulary practice 1steel 2Brittle 3go 4bend 5components 6surfaces Properties and uses of materials Model answer Sports equipment is often made from nylon because nylon is very strong but not hard, heavy or expensive It is also tough, wearresistant and elastic, so it is used for making sports clothing, such as cycling shorts, for example It is stronger than steel, flexible and light, so it is good for fishing lines, ropes and tennis racket strings Nylon is also used for sports bags and camping equipment, like tents, because it is tough, durable, easy to carry and cheap Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 5  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 5  Appropriate technology 1Grammar Words from the text leaving when , the engine 4as 5before 6Before 7after 8Before Key words from the unit rural crankshaft 3charge 4two-stroke 5accelerator 6compression 7generate 8engage 3Comprehension 1d 2b 3b 4c 5c 6a local materials construct and maintain its cost is low portable generators the compression stroke simplifies construction Further vocabulary practice forty megabytes fifty-five millimetres zero degrees centigrade ninety-nine per cent four gigabytes sixteen kilohertz How does it work Model answer A wind-up light consists of a light with a handle Inside, there are gears, a spring and a small generator As you turn the handle, you wind up the spring This takes about one minute When the spring unwinds, the step-up gears engage The generator turns very fast and generates electricity You get about 30 minutes of light before you have to turn the handle again The light is small and weather-resistant and has many uses Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 6  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 6  Crime – fighting and security 1Grammar Words from the text for check protecting to as is am used to An ID Key words from the unit unique GPS recognition PIN sensor low-tech incapacitate security Comprehension (It means) at airports and other public places They use a baton, CS gas, and Taser guns It incapacitates the suspect without causing serious injury electronic chips, tags, sensors and cameras They identify people by voice or face (Student’s own opinion) protect shock sensor smoke monitor identify Further vocabulary practice waterproof antivirus inadequate disadvantages airtight inexpensive A report with recommendations Model answer The Rotundus robot is expensive to buy but cheap to run It does not require payment or holidays However, it cannot think Although it cannot take action against suspects, fires etc, it can see in the dark and send for help It moves very quietly but it cannot climb stairs or ladders Although human security officers are more effective in some cases, I recommend you try the Rotundus robot because it is less expensive than human security officers Its abilities to see in the dark and move quietly are important advantages too Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 7  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 7  Manufacturing Grammar Words from the text are bent is canned goes are When are produced aren’t by 1baking 2automatically 3factories 4adhesives 5corrosion 6products Key words from the unit ingredients extrusion hopper barrel process welding plating cool 3Comprehension Manufacturing processes change materials into products Manufacturers want to increase speed and control costs Automated food-processing requires only a few workers Aluminium cans are made by impact extrusion Welding and plating are processes in metal manufacturing An injection moulding machine pushes soft plastic into a mould Further vocabulary practice bottle tops gas ovens CD covers clockwork radios aluminium cans manufacturing processes Describe a manufacturing process Model answer First, the cacao beans are cooked and the hard outside part of the beans is removed Then the inside part is pressed into a thick paste called chocolate liquor Next, some of the chocolate liquor is separated into cocoa butter and cocoa solids The rest of the liquor is mixed with sugar, milk and some extra cocoa butter This mixture is heated and stirred for a few days to improve softness After that, the warm mixture is poured into moulds to make bars of chocolate, and then the bars are cooled until they set Finally, the chocolate bars are wrapped and packed Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 8  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 8  Transport 1Grammar Words from the text will help How will we won’t mightn’t Might look might not When will Key words from the unit liquefied hybrid fuel cells efficient transport detect congestion production 3Comprehension An advanced Safety Vehicle A hybrid car LPG / Liquefied Petroleum Gas Biofuels Hydrogen (Student’s own opinion) a signal an alarm fuel an electric motor pollution chemical energy Further vocabulary practice get in touch at once see to it at the latest cut down run on An apology Model answer Dear Mr Morton Thank you for your email I am sorry that you have not received the motors that you ordered This is a very busy time of year for us, but the motors are now ready and will be with you next Monday at the latest Best wishes (Student’s name) Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 9  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 9  High living: Skyscrapers 1Grammar Words from the text speaking Don’t must always You must Never Always wear driven Switch Key words from the unit cladding prefabricated girder pile bonus lifeline decking guard Comprehension b d c c a a buckling columns storeys cranes foundations reinforced Further vocabulary practice protective protection Disconnect remove unfamiliar safety Safety information Model answer Learn to lift things correctly because you may injure your back if you lift heavy things incorrectly Do not smoke in the factory because there are flammable materials in the factory Do not stand below places where men are working because they may drop something and injure you Do not use chemicals without protection because chemicals can damage your skin and eyes Do not wear soft or open shoes because they not protect your feet against falling objects Always learn about a machine before you use it because machines can be dangerous if they are not used correctly Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 10  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 10  Medical technology Grammar Words from the text who , which which who which which technician which Key words from the unit ultrasound artificial rechargeable joystick scanner vibrate valve calculate 3Comprehension To keep them alive while they are waiting for a transplant It is for recharging the internal battery They scan internal organs and produce images of them They can show the soft parts of the body very clearly Two examples of EAT are given (equipment for controlling things with eye movements and the ultracane) It is above the level of human hearing aids defective patient transplant images mechatronics Further vocabulary practice wrong artificial external backwards disadvantages anticlockwise / counter clockwise Describe a machine Model answer An electric toothbrush is a device for cleaning teeth efficiently It consists of a small brush, a handle and a separate charger The brush holds the toothpaste and fits into the handle, which contains the other components These include a motor, which moves the brush very fast, a rechargeable battery which powers the motor and a switch which controls it The separate charger plugs into a wall socket and recharges the battery Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 11  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 11  Personal entertainment Grammar Words from the text download shouldn’t you should should should I Should we Shouldn’t you people should Key words from the unit online tracks clip code hard disk updates broadband portable Comprehension (It is about) personal entertainment devices and home entertainment devices (It is about) music and video games Increasingly, devices combine a number of functions (It is about) the problem of illegal sharing of music tracks Very fast broadband internet connections (has allowed MMOG to develop) (Student’s own answer) hardware audio wireless downloading track simulations Further vocabulary practice programmer artist animator producer technician doctor Reply to an email Model answer Hi Sam Thank you for contacting customer support Your laptop may have various other volume controls, including volume controls on external speakers, windows volume control and a volume control for the game I suggest you check the settings for all these controls and try turning them all up Please contact me again if these suggestions not solve the problem Regards (Student’s name) Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 12  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 12  Information technology 1Grammar Words from the text was made was wasn’t forgotten are mostly When were were by Key words from the unit customized inspect defect simulated dimensional machine tools supplies peripherals printer monitor keyboard mouse scanner speaker Further vocabulary practice download Click Select Display Create calculate An IT report form (Student’s own answers) 3Comprehension b d a d a c Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 13  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 13  Telecommunications Grammar Words from the text invented did have been Did you for ’ve had haven’t have Key words from the unit antenna satellite adaptor router network wireless hotspot screen dish transmitted orbit fibre-optic converted handset compressed Further vocabulary practice entertainment difference texted transmission invention wireless Describe a phone (Student’s own answer) Comprehension b c b a a 6b Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 14  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 14  Careers in technology Grammar Words from the text must should Must I You should don’t have to must Should applicants be? be Key words from the unit CV management experience interview studio requirement supervise maintenance 3Comprehension The level of qualifications and responsibilities It means people who can work well with other people Environmental engineers It means looking for oil and gas Petroleum engineers, agricultural engineers and environmental engineers (Student’s own answer) chosen subject environmentally friendly sophisticated technology sound recording farming methods natural gas Further vocabulary practice dates, employer, position held communication skills, diploma, experience assembly, installation, maintenance chemical, civil, nuclear dependable, hard-working, team player maths, economics, chemistry A personal statement Model answer I am a skilled and experienced computing support officer, who has provided support in the field to a wide range of companies since 2003 I have a Higher National Diploma from Simpson College, Glasgow The course covered computing (technical support), operating systems, network building and maintenance I have excellent communication skills in English, good spoken French and some Hindi I work well under pressure, I am energetic and physically fit, and I like a challenge Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 15  Technology Practice File Answers Unit 15  The future of technology Grammar Words from the text out on out in set it up out down up Key words from the unit interact automatically voice-operated smart unmanned chip virus intranet predict telemedicine nanotechnology nanobots prevent telecommunications Further vocabulary practice c d b a d c Predictions (Student’s own answer) Comprehension A001091 These predictions help them to prepare for the future In some situations, computer-controlled arms can already work more accurately than a surgeon’s hand They are small enough to be injected into the body No, he thinks this may happen in the distant future It will allow new devices and new technologies to be invented They will try to steal personal information from us Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2011 ... recharges the battery Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2 011 11   Technology Practice File Answers Unit 11   Personal entertainment Grammar Words from... name) Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2 011 12   Technology Practice File Answers Unit 12   Information technology 1 Grammar Words from the text... correctly Oxford English for Careers Technology Practice File Answers © Oxford University Press 2 011 10   Technology Practice File Answers Unit 10   Medical technology Grammar Words from the text
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