New american rogets college thesaurus in dictionary form

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THE NEW AMERICAN ROGET’S COLLEGE THESAURUS IN DICTIONARY FORM Third Revised Edition Prepared by Philip D Morehead Previously published as The Penguin Roget’s College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form A SIGNET BOOK Originally prepared and edited by The National Lexicographic Board Albert H Morehead, Chairman and General Editor Waldemar Von Zedtwitz, President Loy C Morehead, Vice President; Donald D Wolf, William C Campbell, George H Copeland, Jack Luzzatto Staff for The New American Roget’s College Thesaurus Jack Luzzatto and Loy Morehead, Editors William C Campbell, William T Atwood, Betty Brinkerhoff, Elizabeth MacLean, Associate Editors SIGNET Published by New American Library, a division of Penguin Putnam Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, U.S.A Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England Penguin Books Australia Ltd, Ringwood, Victoria, Australia Penguin Books Canada Ltd, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 3B2 Penguin Books (N.Z.) Ltd, 182–190 Wairau Road, Auckland 10, New Zealand Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England Published by Signet, an imprint of New American Library, a division of Penguin Putnam Inc Third revised edition previously published as The Penguin Roget’s College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form ISBN: 1-4295-1376-4 Copyright © Albert H Morehead, 1958, 1962 Copyright © Andrew T Morehead and Philip D Morehead, 1978 Copyright © Philip D Morehead and Andrew T Morehead, 1985 Copyright © Philip D Morehead, 2001 All rights reserved REGISTERED TRADEMARK—MARCA REGISTRADA Library of Congress Catalog Card Number for the Penguin Reference hardcover edition of this title: 2001036039 Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book To my father The editor would like to give special thanks to Hugh Rawson, my former editor at New American Library for almost twenty years, who initiated this project and guided me through many others over the years Thanks are also due to Sarah Manges, who ably picked up this project from Hugh and has been of great help to me in its completion Thanks to my long-suffering wife, Patricia Morehead, composer and oboist, who put up with my endless hours at the computer And finally, I would like to acknowledge the hard work of my late father and mother, Albert H Morehead and Loy Morehead, who together were responsible for the original work on which this volume is based how to use this thesaurus PETER MARK ROGET was an English physician who was born in 1779 and who died in 1869 As a hobby he liked to make lists of words and group them together when they were related to one another Some were related because they were synonyms, such as illegal and unlawful; some because they were antonyms, such as peaceful and warlike; some because they were reminders of one another, such as father and mother Altogether Mr Roget made a thousand different groups, or categories, of related words Every word he knew or could find in the dictionaries he had was classified in one or more of these categories In 1852, Mr Roget’s list of words was published He called the book a thesaurus, or treasury, of words There were not many words in the first Roget’s Thesaurus compared to the number in a volume like this, but his book was the first collection of synonyms, antonyms, and other related words Not only writers, but also many others found it invaluable Dozens of editors, beginning with Mr Roget’s son, have revised the original Thesaurus, added to it, and brought it up to date (for many of the words in the original Roget list are now obsolete and many common words of today were unknown in his time); but virtually every edition is still called Roget’s Thesaurus in honor of the man who first had the idea This edition of Roget’s Thesaurus is both a dictionary of synonyms and a thesaurus, or “treasury,” of related words It combines in one easy-to-use alphabetical list categories (very much like those in Roget’s original thesaurus) and a list of words with their close synonyms For clarity, each category is printed the full width of the page and set off in a box while the synonym listings are printed at half-page width To find synonyms for a word, first look up the word in the alphabetical list In most cases, you will find what you are looking for immediately under that word Reference to more synonyms is indicated by words printed in small capitals If you look up the word or words referred to, you will find additional synonyms and other words related to the word you were looking up Most references are to categories, where you will also find words of related meaning but different parts of speech Antonyms are listed for many synonym entries, and at the end of each category entry you will find references to sources for antonyms A special feature of this edition is the inclusion of many phrases and quotations, both contemporary and historical, appropriate to a certain category Frequently only one form of a word is entered in the alphabetical word list You will find synonyms for the other forms by referring to the entries printed in small capitals under the listed word For example, to find synonyms for proximate, look under proximity in the alphabetical word list and refer to the category nearness, where you find adjacent, adjoining and other related adjectives How to Use This Thesaurus A word or phrase in parentheses—( )—is explanatory or shows how the preceding word is to be used in a sentence Brackets—[ ]—indicate that the bracketed letters, word, or phrase might or might not be used with the adjoining word, depending on the preference of the writer In the listings, synonyms for different senses of the listed word are separated by semicolons (;) Informal and slang senses of the entry word are labeled informal or slang at the beginning of each sense; informal and slang synonyms for all senses of the entry word are listed separately, headed by Informal or Slang, respectively Moreover, entry words or individual synonyms might be labeled to indicates special or substandard usage The most commonly used labels—in addition to informal and slang—are dial (dialectal), Brit (British), poetic, and archaic In the category entries, numbered senses are often preceded by a contextual gist label in parentheses and italics that indicates the meaning being covered in that paragraph These labels can help you find the right word more quickly Familiar dictionary abbreviations are used for parts of speech: n., noun; v., verb; v.i., intransitive verb; v.t., transitive verb; adj., adjective; adv., adverb; pron., pronoun; prep., preposition; conj., conjunction; interj., interjection This is not a dictionary It does not define words except to the extent that they are defined in their synonyms A word that has no natural synonyms is not entered merely to define it Moreover, alternate spellings for a word are generally not given The publishers of this thesaurus also publish a companion volume, The New American Webster Handy College Dictionary, which was the authority for the preferred spellings used herein and in which may be found definitions of most of the words in this book Antonyms formed by simply adding un-, in-, dis-, etc., are generally not given, nor are words listed when they are simple negatives of other words For example, such a word as unloved is not entered because one may merely look up the positive term, but unbearable is entered because the positive term has various dissimilar meanings The editor appreciates readers’ suggestions for additions to the word list, phrases, and quotations, and any other comments Comments and suggestions can be sent to the editor by e-mail at pmorehead@philsbooks.com [ viii ] willful [ 888 ] wind 2, willingly, fain, freely; heart and soul; with pleasure, nothing loath, graciously, without reluctance, of one’s own accord Phrases—a willful man must have his way; where there’s a will there’s a way; you can take a horse to [the] water, but you can’t make him drink Quotations—The good or ill of man lies within his own will (Epictetus), If you will it, it is no dream (Theodor Herzl), Will and wisdom are both mighty leaders Our times worship will (Clarence Darrow), We have to believe in free will We’ve got no choice (Isaac Bashevis Singer) Antonyms, see necessity, unwillingness willful, adj self-willed, arbitrary; headstrong, wayward, obstinate, stubborn, unruly; intentional, deliberate, premeditated See will willing, adj minded, disposed (see will); bent upon, desirous, predisposed; docile, agreeable, easygoing, tractable, pliant; cordial, hearty; content, assenting, voluntary, gratuitous, spontaneous See assent willingness, n voluntariness (see will); penchant, desire; docility, pliability; goodwill; alacrity, eagerness; assent, compliance, consent; pleasure will-o’-the-wisp, n ignis fatuus; illusion, chimera See imagination, light willpower, n self-control, selfdiscipline; choice, determination See will willy-nilly, adv will I, nill I; nolens volens; like it or not, whether or not; perforce, inescapably See compulsion, necessity wilt, v.i droop, sag; weaken, languish, wither; collapse See deterioration wily, adj designing, tricky, crafty, foxy; deceitful, crooked, Machiavellian; clever, subtle, cunning wimp, n weakling (see weakness, impotence) win, v beat, conquer, master; gain, obtain, get; achieve, accomplish, reach; persuade, sway, convince, influence; succeed, triumph, surpass See acquisition, success, belief wince, v.i flinch, recoil; shy, quail, shrink See fear, pain winch, n See windlass wind, v twist, [en]twine; coil, curl, spiral; bandage, loop; enfold, infold; wreathe, roll; crank, reel; sinuate, meander, wander See convulsion, deviation, rotation —n See wind WIND Current of air Nouns—1, wind, windiness, draught, draft, flatus, afflatus, air; breath [of air]; puff, whiff, blow, drift; aura; stream, current, undercurrent; [in]sufflation, inflation; blowing, fanning, ventilation 2, (natural winds) austral or boreal wind, prevailing wind; breath, [gentle, moderate, fresh, stiff, or strong] breeze, [gentle, moderate, fresh, strong, or whole] gale, violent storm, hurricane; zephyr, sea breeze, waft; gust, blast, flurry, squall, half a gale, storm, tempest, whirlwind, tourbillion, vortex, tornado, [anti]cyclone, twister, typhoon, neutercane, simoom, haboob, el niño; nor’wester, sou’wester, nor’easter, sou’easter, easterly, westerly; harmattan, ghibili, pampero, khamsin, williwaw, zonda, bora, chinook, monsoon, puna, samiel, Santa Ana, Montreal express, berg, trade wind, sirocco, solano, mistral, bise, tramontane, foehn, levanter; capful of wind; dust storm, sandstorm; stiff breeze; blizzard; rough, foul, or dirty windbag [ 889 ] windup weather; dirty sky, mare’s tail, tailwind; microburst, stadium effect; firestorm, nuclear winter 3, (wind measurement) anemography, aerodynamics; wind gauge, anemometer, pneumatics; weathercock, [weather]vane; Beaufort scale, Fujita-Pearson scale 4, breathing, respiration, sneezing, sternutation; hiccough, hiccup; catching of the breath Slang, fart See excretion, ejection 5, (wind gods) Aeolus, Boreas, Eurus, Zephyr, Notus, cave of the winds 6, air pump, lungs, bellows, blowpipe, fan, ventilator, vacuum cleaner, wind tunnel; air pipe (see passage); funnel; sailboat, windjammer (see ship) Verbs—1, blow, waft; stream, issue; freshen, gather; storm; blow up, bluster; sigh, moan, scream, howl, whistle; breeze 2, breathe, respire, inhale, exhale, puff, pant; whiffle, gasp, gulp, wheeze; snuff[le], sniff[le]; sneeze, cough; expire 3, fan, ventilate; inflate; blow up, pump up Adjectives—windy, blowing, breezy, gusty, squally; stormy, tempestuous, blustering; boisterous; pulmonic, pulmonary, pneumatic; onshore, offshore Phrases—may the wind be always at your back; it’s an ill wind that blows no good Quotations—Winter is icumen in, lhude sing Goddamm, raineth drop and staineth slop, and how the wind doth ramm (Ezra Pound), Rough winds shake the darling buds of May, and summer’s lease hath all too short a date (Shakespeare), Who has seen the wind? Neither you nor I: But when the trees bow down their heads the wind is passing by (Christina Rossetti), O Wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumn’s being (Percy Bysshe Shelley), Sweet and low, sweet and low, wind of the western sea (Lord Tennyson), The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind (Bob Dylan), You throw the sand against the wind, and the wind blows it back again (William Blake), There is no wind that always blows a storm (Euripides), They have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind (Bible), I have forgot much, Cynara, gone with the wind (Ernest Dowson), The wind of change is blowing through this Continent (Harold Macmillan), The human heart is like a ship on a stormy sea driven about by winds blowing from all four corners of heaven (Martin Luther), The roaring of the wind is my wife and the stars through the window pane are my children (John Keats) Antonyms, see repose windbag, n., slang, bag of wind, gasbag, gasses (sl.), big mouth (sl.), blabbermouth (sl.); braggart, blusterer; gossip, chatterer See loquacity, boasting windfall, n bonus, prize, blessing, boon; treasure trove, find; pennies or manna [from heaven], godsend, discovery See acquisition windjammer, n sailboat, sailing ship; sailor (see navigation) windlass, n hoist, lifter; moulinet, reel, capstan, pinion, winch, crank See elevation window, n casement, dormer, opening; pane; bay window, oriel; port[hole]; skylight; embrasure, loophole windpipe, n airpipe, trachea; throat, throttle; weasand See passage windup, n., informal, end, termination, conclusion, closure, settlement, climax, denouement, resolution, outcome, upshot; pre- windy [ 890 ] liminaries, preparation See completion windy, adj See wind wine, n the grape; drink, liquor; drinking, intoxication; stimulant, alcohol; nectar wing, n pinion, [feathered] limb, pennon, ala; arm, sail; flank; ell, annex, extension; airfoil; flight, flying —v fly; disable, wound See addition, aviation, combatant, drama, side —wing it, informal, extemporize, improvise, ad-lib, fake See unpreparedness wink, v blink, nictitate, nictate, squint, twinkle; overlook, ignore, condone See vision, forgiveness, neglect, indication winning, adj conquering, victorious, triumphant; winsome, captivating, charming, engaging, entrancing, prepossessing, comely, attractive; persuasive, convincing See love, success, beauty winnow, v.t select, cull, sift, separate, glean, pick; ventilate, fan See choice, cleanness winsome, adj gay, merry, lively, sportive; charming, winning, captivating; lovable, adorable, pleasant, attractive See love, endearment winter, n wintertime, cold; hibernation See chronometry wintry, adj raw, brisk, cold wipe, v.t clean, rub, brush, dust, mop; dry, towel See cleanness, dryness wire, n (metal) thread, filament; flex, cord, line; telephone, telegraph, cable; cablegram, tele- wit gram See communication wireless, n radio; radiogram, marconigram See communication wiry, adj filamentous, filar, threadlike; strong, muscular, sinewy; tough; flexible See filament, strength wisdom, n sagacity, understanding; conventional wisdom See knowledge wise, adj sage, sagacious; learned, profound, deep; judicious, welladvised; informal, impudent, rude See knowledge, insolence —n manner, method —wise guy, slang, wiseacre; gangster, mafioso See wit, evildoer —wise man, sage, intellectual (see knowledge) wisecrack, n., slang, crack, quip, witticism, comeback, answer See wit wish, n desire, will; pleasure; craving, yearning, want, hankering; intention —v want, long for, dream of, hope for, ask [for], yearn, crave, hanker See hope, desire wishful thinking, n fantasy, wistfulness, nostalgia See hope wishy-washy, adj washed-out, anemic, colorless; weak-kneed or -willed, spineless, irresolute, feeble, vacillating See insipidity, weakness wisp, n bundle; tuft, lock See assemblage wistful, adj musing, pensive, thoughtful; desirous, wishful, hopeful; eager; craving, yearning See desire, feeling, thought WIT Cleverness Nouns—1, wit, wittiness; Atticism; salt; sense of humor, funny bone, esprit, point, fancy, whim, humor, drollery, pleasantry; comedy; jocularity, jocosity, jocoseness; levity, facetiousness; waggery, waggishness, quipstering; comicality; laugh track Informal, crazy bone 2, (broad humor) farce, buffoonery, clowning, fooling, tomfoolery; harlequinade; broad farce, broad humor, slapstick; fun; smartness, banter, bad- witch [ 891 ] without inage, retort, repartee, riposte; ridicule; horseplay Slang, monkey business, barrel of laughs 3, (joke) witticism, jest, joke, conceit, quip, one-liner, quirk, quiddity, pleasantry; sally, wheeze; flash of wit, scintillation; mot, bon mot, smart saying, epigram; dry wit, cream of the jest Informal, hoot Slang, comeback, gag, [wise]crack, running gag, zinger 4, wordplay, play on words, pun, punning, double entendre, equivocation; conundrum, riddle (see secret); trifling Slang, chestnut 5, wit, wag; joker, jester, buffoon; comedian, comic, humorist, punster; merry-andrew, fool; practical joker, fun maker Informal, gagman Slang, wisecracker Verbs—1, be witty, joke, jest; crack a joke; pun; make fun of, make sport of; retort; banter Informal, kid Slang, wisecrack, come back at 2, be funny or amusing Informal, crack one up, have people rolling in the aisles Adjectives—witty, Attic, quick-witted, nimble-witted; smart, jocular, jocose, droll, funny, waggish, facetious, whimsical, humorous; playful, merry, pleasant, sprightly, sparkling, epigrammatic, pointed, comic Adverbs—jokingly, jestingly, etc.; in jest, in sport, in play; in fun; not seriously, with tongue in cheek Quotations—We are not amused (Queen Victoria), Everything is funny as long as it is happening to Somebody Else (Will Rogers), Humor is emotional chaos remembered in tranquillity (James Thurber), Nothing is so impenetrable as laughter in a language you don’t understand (William Golding), Brevity is the soul of wit (Shakespeare), Wit is the epitaph of an emotion (Friedrich Nietzsche), Impropriety is the soul of wit (W Somerset Maugham), Better a witty fool than a foolish wit (Shakespeare), Wit makes its own welcome and levels all distinctions (Emerson), The wit makes fun of other persons; the satirist makes fun of the world; the humorist makes fun of himself (James Thurber) Antonyms, see weariness witch, n hag, beldam[e], crone; shrew, scold, dragon; sorceress, enchantress; charmer See ugliness, beauty, sorcery, evildoer witchcraft, n sorcery witch-hunt, n vigilantism, persecution, baiting; purge, investigation, inquisition, McCarthyism, redbaiting, superpatriotism See wrong, inquiry, injustice with, prep by, by means of, through; accompanying, alongside, among[st], amid[st], beside, plus; upon, at, thereupon, etc See accompaniment, mixture withdraw, v remove, separate, subduct; retire, retreat, disengage, draw off; abstract, subtract; recall, rescind, recant; resign, relinquish; abdicate, decamp, depart; shrink, recoil, drop out, back out See departure, recession, seclusion, relinquishment wither, v waste, decline, droop, wilt, fade, decay; contract, shrivel, pine, decline, languish; blast, destroy, burn, scorch; cut, scathe See deterioration, dryness withhold, v.t keep back, restrain, detain; check, hold back; hinder; suppress, repress, reserve See concealment, restraint within, adj & prep outside, outdoor[s], indoor[s]; internal See interior without, adv & prep outside, outdoor[s], outward, beyond; minus withstand [ 892 ] See exterior, absence, circumstance, deduction, exemption withstand, v.t face, confront; fight off, oppose, defy See opposition witless, adj senseless, brainless; silly, foolish, pointless, idiotic, moronic, imbecilic, dumb (sl.); half-witted, dull, thick, stupid, scatterbrained, muddle-headed, dopy (sl.) See ignorance witness, n testimony, proof, evidence, corroboration; deponent, eyewitness; testifier, attestor; beholder, observer —v.t see, observe; attest, sign, subscribe to, bear witness to See presence witticism, n., witty, adj See wit wizard, n wonder-worker, conjuror; Merlin, magician, sorcerer; informal, master, expert See sorcery, skill wobble, v roll, rock, stagger, reel, wonder lurch, yaw, sway; teeter, totter, flounder; hesitate, waver, quaver See oscillation, agitation woe, n trouble, tribulation; sorrow, grief; unhappiness, misery See pain, dejection woebegone, woeful, adj sorrowful, unhappy See dejection wolf, n canid, wolfkin, cub, whelp; hyena; werewolf, wolfman; slang, philanderer, rake, roué, woman chaser, lady-killer See animal, love —v.t raven, gulp, bolt, gobble See food woman, n female, lady, gentlewoman; wife See humanity womanish, adj effeminate, emasculated; unmanly; shrill, vixenish; soft, weak See female womanize, v feminize; slang, philander, chase after women See female, impurity WONDER Surprise or admiration or its cause Nouns—1, wonder, wonderment, marvel, miracle, miraculousness, astonishment, amazement, bewilderment; amazedness, admiration, awe; stupor, stupefaction; fascination; surprise See unintelligibility, secret 2, sensation, phenomenon, marvel, prodigy; eighth wonder Slang, lollapalooza Verbs—1, wonder, marvel, admire; be surprised, start; stare, open or rub one’s eyes; gape, hold one’s breath; look or stand aghast, stand in awe of; not believe one’s eyes, ears, or senses 2, be wonderful, beggar or baffle description; stagger belief 3, surprise, astonish, startle, shock, take aback, electrify, stun, stagger, bewilder Adjectives—1, wonderful, wondrous; miraculous; surprising, unexpected, unheard of; mysterious, indescribable, inexpressible, ineffable; unutterable, unspeakable; monstrous, prodigious, stupendous, marvelous; inconceivable, incredible; unimaginable, strange, uncommon, passing strange, striking, overwhelming Slang, out of sight, hellacious, fantastic 2, surprised, aghast, agog, breathless, agape; openmouthed; awestruck, thunderstruck; round-, wide-, or large-eyed; spellbound; speechless, at a loss [for words]; lost in amazement, wonder, or astonishment; unable to believe one’s senses Slang, bug-eyed Adverbs—wonderfully, fearfully; for a wonder; strange to say, mirabile dictu, to one’s great surprise; with wonder Interjections—lo! lo and behold! O! what! wonder of wonders! will wonders never cease! what will they think of next! Phrases—wonder is the beginning of wisdom Quotations—Wonder is the foundation of all philosophy, inquiry the wonderful [ 893 ] word process, ignorance the end (Montaigne), Wonder is the feeling of a philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder (Plato), Philosophy begins in wonder, and at the end, when philosophic thought has done its best, the wonder remains (Alfred North Whitehead), Wonder is the basis of worship (Thomas Carlyle), Men love to wonder, and that is the seed of science (Ralph Waldo Emerson), America is a land of wonders, in which everything is in constant motion and every change seems an improvement (Alexis de Tocqueville), O wonderful, wonderful, and most wonderful! and yet again wonderful, and after that, out of all whooping! (Shakespeare), Wonders are many, and none is more wonderful than man (Sophocles), A man is a small thing, and the night is very large and full of wonders (Lord Dunsany) Antonyms, see expectation wonderful, adj miraculous, marvelous, amazing, astounding; great, swell, dandy; colossal, terrific (all inf.) See wonder, goodness wont, n custom, use, habit, routine, practice, usage woo, v court, make love to; seek, pursue, solicit; importune See endearment wood, n forest, grove, timber, copse, coppice, thicket, spinny, bosque, bois; woods, woodland; board, plank, log, lumber See materials woodcut, n wood block, woodprint; xylograph, lignograph, pyrograph, wood engraving wooded, adj sylvan, forested, timbered See vegetable wooden, adj wood[y], ligneous, xyloid; oaken, mahogany, ash, pine, teak, walnut, etc.; frame, clapboard, shingle[d]; stiff, rigid, inflexible; expressionless, lifeless, unimaginative See materials, unmeaningness, hardness, weariness woodshed, n See receptacle —v.i., informal, study, cram, practice See inquiry, learning woodsman, n woodcutter, lumberman, lumberjack, logger, timberjack; conservationist, forester, ranger; frontiersman, backwoodsman See agriculture woodwind, n flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon, saxophone See music woodwork, n molding, paneling, baseboard, didoes, frames, jambs, sashes; doors See ornament woof, n weft, filling; fabric, texture See crossing wool, n fleece; down, hair; worsted, yarn —adj woolen; knitted; woolly, hairy, fleecy, downy, fluffy, flocculent See covering, softness, materials woolly, adj fleecy; informal, confused, blurred, fuzzy See materials, unintelligibility woolgathering, adj absentmindedness, daydreaming See imagination, inactivity woozy, adj., slang, confused, befuddled; shaky, groggy See unintelligibility, inattention WORD Written communication Nouns—1, word, term, expression, locution, linguistic unit or form, word form, lexeme; homonym, synonym, antonym, heteronym, homophone; syllable, monosyllable, polysyllable; stem, root, derivative, inflected form (see grammar); particle, article; affix, prefix, suffix, combining form, element, proclytic, enclitic See writing, nomenclature, language, word game [ 894 ] worker news, information, promise 2, compound, back formation, phrase, cognate, etymon, ghost word, holophrase; phone, ideophone, phoneme, utterance (see speech); neologism, neoterism, coinage, nonce word, sniglet; archaism; borrowing, paronym, loanword, calque, loan translation, pochismo; ink-horn term; portmanteau word, macaronicism, hybrid; colloquialism, informalism, localism, dialect, slang; barbarism, spoonerism, corruption (see error); password, watchword (see indication); technical term, jargon, cant Informal, jawbreaker 3, dictionary, lexicon, glossary, vocabulary, thesaurus, word treasury, word hoard, lexis, direct or linguistic atlas; concordance; definiens, definiendum 4, lexicography, lexicology; [folk] etymology, derivation, comparative linguistics 5, lexicographer, lexicologist, etymologist; neologist; phrasemaker; wordsmith, writer (see writing) Verbs—coin a word or phrase; put into words, express Adjectives—verbal; lexicographical, lexicological, etymological; neological; morphological, inflectional, derivative Phrases—all words are pegs to hang ideas on; sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me; talk is cheap; one picture is worth ten thousand words; the pen is mightier than the sword Quotations—Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind (Rudyard Kipling), Words are chameleons, which reflect the color of their environment (Learned Hand), There is no use indicting words, they are no shoddier than what they peddle (Samuel Beckett), Man does not live by words alone, despite the fact that he sometimes has to eat them (Adlai Stevenson) word game, n acrostic, palindrome, anagram[s], crossword puzzle, ghosts, riddles, word square, double acrostic; spelling bee; rebus, charades; Scrabble, Jotto, Boggle, etc.; Guggenheim, categories, wordplay, etc See amusement wording, n phrasing, expression, phraseology See figurative, speech wordy, adj verbose, talkative, loquacious, prolix, garrulous; rambling, circumlocutory, windy, long-winded See diffuseness work, n job, occupation, calling, trade, profession; task, stint, employment; drudgery, toil, moil, grind, routine; function; craftsmanship, workmanship; arts and crafts, craft, handicraft; opus, production, writing, book publication; office; management; manufacture See business —v toil, moil, labor, plod, plug, drudge, use elbow grease (inf.); run, act, operate, function; leaven, ferment, yeast; use, employ; succeed, perform, do; effect, exert, strain; embroider, embellish, decorate See action, success, exertion, agency, effect workable, adj feasible, practicable; tractable See possibility, softness workaday, adj everyday, quotidian, common[place], matter-of-fact, homespun, humdrum; routine, orderly See business, exertion, simpleness workaholic, n., slang, overachiever, beaver See exertion worker, n laborer, workman; artisan, craftsman; operator, doer, performer; journeyman, yeoman; workhorse [ 895 ] Trojan; drudge; mechanic; toiler, moiler See exertion workhorse, n., informal, hard worker; drudge, hack See exertion working, adj effective; operational See utility —n.pl works, parts, action See composition working class, n proletariat, wageearners, blue-collar workers See populace workmanlike, adj well-done, expert, professional See skill workmanship, n craftsmanship, handiwork, skill, technique, expertness, competence; performance, execution, construction; finish, polish, art See production workout, n trial, essay; practice, rehearsal, run-through See exertion, experiment works, n.pl factory, plant, mill, workshop, shop; mechanism, machine; fort, rampart, breastworks, earthworks, barricade; informal, everything See agency, punishment, completion workshop, n workhouse, sweatshop; laboratory, factory, manufactory, mill, rolling mill, sawmill; works, steelworks, ironworks, foundry, furnace; mint; seminar, clinic; forge, loom; cabinet, atelier, studio, bureau, office, store, shop, plant See business world, n creation, nature; earth, cosmos (see universe) worship worldly, adj experienced, sophisticated; earthly, mundane; terrestrial; profane, secular, carnal; sordid, mercenary; proud, selfish, material, materialistic, unspiritual, irreligious See selfishness, irreligion worldwide, adj universal, widespread; general, all-embracing, unlimited See generality worm, n earthworm, angleworm; maggot, larva, grub, caterpillar; insect; crawler, nightcrawler; flatworm, platyhelminth, tapeworm, cestode, nematode, roundworm, ascarid, pinworm, annelid; wretch; screw, spiral See animal —v crawl; creep, belly; insinuate (oneself), bore; writhe, wriggle See convolution, insertion worn, adj used, secondhand; frayed, shabby, threadbare; shopworn; weary See deterioration, weariness worry, n care, anxiety, mental anguish, uneasiness, fear, apprehension; concern, misgiving —v tease, plague, vex; disturb, fret, upset; torment, torture, trouble, bait, badger; maul, chew, mangle; get gray hairs See malevolence, discontent, care worrywart, n., informal, worrier, nervous Nellie (inf.), Cassandra See care, fear WORSHIP Reverence Nouns—1, worship, adoration, devotion, homage, service; religious rites or observance; respect, reverence, veneration; cult; deification, idolization See idolatry, gratitude, religion, rite 2, (service ritual) a liturgy; prayer, orison, invocation, supplication, devotion[s], rogation, intercession, beseeching, entreaty, petition (see request); thanksgiving, grace; praise, laudation, exaltation, glorification, blessing, benediction, benison; Magnificat, doxology, hosanna, hallelujah, alleluia, Te Deum, Trisagion; paean, psalm, psalmody, hymn, anthem, plainsong, chant (see music) b (Christian:) collect, litany, miserere, Lord’s prayer, paternoster, Ave Maria, Hail Mary, rosary, prayer wheel, missal c (Jewish:) Shoma, Kol Nidre, Kaddish d (Moslem:) Aliahu ak- worst [ 896 ] wrap bar, Fatihah, shahada, rak’ah e (Hindu:) Ram, Siva 3, (service) divine service, office, duty; Mass, Eucharist, Communion, Lord’s Supper; morning prayer, matins, evening prayer, evensong, vespers, vigils, compline, prime [song], tierce, lauds, sext, nones; prayer meeting, revival See rite 4, worshiper, adorer, venerator, reverer, glorifier; religionist, churchman, churchgoer, devout person, congregation; communicant, celebrant, votary, pietist; idolizer, devotee, deifier, deist; idolator, idolatress, fetishist, pagan Informal, psalm singer See clergy, religion, piety Verbs—1, worship, adore, reverence, revere, inspire, aspire, lift up one’s heart; pay homage, humble oneself, kneel, genuflect, bend or bow one’s knee, fall on one’s knees, prostrate oneself, bow down and worship; be devout 2, respect, adulate, idolize, lionize; deify, enshrine, immortalize 3, pray, invoke, supplicate; offer up prayers, tell one’s beads; return or give thanks, say grace, bless; praise, laud, glorify, magnify, exalt, extol, sing praises; give benediction, lead the choir, intone; go to church, attend service, attend Mass, communicate; daven Adjectives—worshipful, adoring, prayerful, devout, devotional, pious, reverent, religious, spiritually minded, paying homage; pure, solemn, fervent, fervid, heartfelt; reverential, venerating, obeisant Interjections—hallelujah! alleluia! hosanna! praise the Lord! Deo gratias! glory be to God! pray God that! lift up your hearts! sursum corda! Phrases—the family that prays together stays together Quotations—Ask, and it shall be given you (Bible), One single grateful thought raised to heaven is the most perfect prayer (Doris Lessing), More things are wrought by prayer than this world dreams of (Lord Tennyson), Often when I pray I wonder if I am not posting letters to a non-existent address (C S Lewis) Antonyms, see irreligion, disrespect, imprecation worst, v.t best, defeat, conquer See success worth, n merit, value, price, cost, estimation; worthiness, importance, virtue, credit; character See money, utility, goodness worthless, adj useless, no good, good-for-nothing, no-account (inf.), lousy (sl.); base, vile; valueless; poor, miserable; trashy; unserviceable; trifling; characterless See uselessness, cheapness, unimportance worthwhile, adj beneficial, salubrious, good; gainful, profitable, lucrative; meritorious, worthy See expedience, use worthy, adj deserving, meritorious; virtuous, good; estimable, honest, upright, reputable See virtue, skill, repute would-be, adj hopeful, aspiring; pretended, so-called, self-styled, soi-disant; fraudulent See pride, nomenclature, deception wound, n injury, hurt; painfulness —v.t injure, hurt, lame, cripple; pain; shoot, stab, cut, lacerate, tear, wing; insult, offend, gall, mortify See deterioration, resentment wraith, n ghost, specter See demon, imagination wrangle, v.i quarrel, bicker, squabble, dispute, altercate, argue, brawl See discord, contention wrap, n robe, shawl, serape, cloak, coat, cape, cover, wrapper, blanket —v.t swathe, swaddle, wrap-up [ 897 ] clothe, cover, envelop, enclose; hide, muffle, conceal; fold, lap, wind; pack[age] See covering, environment wrap-up, n summary, précis See shortness wrath, n choler, anger, ire, indignation; vengeance; fury, rage See resentment wreath, n garland, lei, chaplet, festoon; laurel wreath, garland of bays; floral ring, decoration See ornament, approbation, circularity wreck, n destruction, ruin, undoing; accident, collision, crack-up, smash-up, crash; shipwreck; derelict; ruined person, human wreckage; breakup; ruins, demolition, wreckage, junk —v.t smash, crash, crack up, bust up (sl.); ruin, tear down, demolish, raze, destroy; shipwreck, strand, cast away; shatter, blight, blast See remainder wrench, v.t twist, wring; yank, pull; extort, wrest, snatch; sprain, strain, dislocate; distort —n monkey wrench, spanner; twist, yank, etc See extraction, dis- writing junction, retention wrest, v.t turn, pull, twist; tear away, snatch, grab See distortion, acquisition, extraction wrestle, v grapple, strive, struggle with, contend See contention wretch, n sufferer; beggar, outcast, pariah; knave, villain; rogue, rascal See evildoer, discontent wretched, adj beggarly, worthless, miserable; paltry, mean, pitiful; unhappy, unfortunate; woebegone, tormented, afflicted; shabby, disreputable, deplorable See badness, unimportance wriggle, v wiggle, shake, squirm, writhe, shimmy See agitation wring, v.t wrench, twist; rack, pain; squeeze, compress; extort See convolution, extraction, acquisition wrinkle, n furrow, crease, pucker, fold, corrugation, rumple; crinkle, crow’s-foot; informal, angle, development, gimmick —v.t crease, rumple, fold writ, n process, summons, warrant See lawsuit writhe, v.i wriggle, squirm, twist, contort See distortion, pain WRITING Graphical representation of sounds Nouns—1, writing, chirography, calligraphy, pencraft, penmanship, hand, handwriting, script, longhand, shorthand, picture writing, uncial writing; boustrophedon, Cyrillic, Devanagari, Hangul, Kufic, kana, kanji, romaji, Wade-Giles, pinyin, cuneiform, rune, hieroglyph[ic], ideogram, ideograph, graffiti; epigraphy; romanization, transliteration; letter, grapheme, logogram, phonogram, phraseogram, pictograph, syllabary; alphabet; black and white; stroke of the pen, pen and ink; shorthand, stenography, typewriting; cryptography, code, steganography; pneumatography, spirit writing; graphology; cacoethes scribendi See speech, publication, description 2, (bad penmanship) cacography, bad hand, illegible hand, scribble, scrawl; writer’s cramp Slang, hen tracks See unintelligibility 3, word, syllable, phrase, sentence, paragraph; prose, poetry 4, manuscript, codex, document, ms., mss., copy, transcript, rescript, typescript, rough copy or draft; fair copy; autograph, monograph, holograph 5, a writing paper, parchment, manila [paper], newsprint, onionskin, rice paper, bond [paper]; papyrus; tablet b pencil, pen; fountain, ball[point], wrong [ 898 ] wrong felt-tip, laundry, etc pen; manual, electric, or electronic typewriter, printer, dot-matrix or daisy-wheel printer, draft- or letter-quality printer 6, a writer, author[ess], litterateur, essayist, novelist, short-story writer, playwright, dramatist, poet; editor; lexicographer, annotator, commentator; journalist, newspaperman, critic, reviewer, correspondent; hack [writer], ghostwriter; librettist; screenwriter; scribe, amanuensis, scrivener, secretary, clerk, stenographer, stenotypist, penman, copyist, transcriber; typewriter, typist; calligrapher Informal, freelance, inkslinger, penny-a-liner Slang, bomber b authorship, composition Verbs—write, pen, copy, engross; write out, transcribe; scribble, scrawl, scratch; interline; write down, record, sign; compose, indite, draw up, dictate; inscribe, dash off, draft, formulate; take pen in hand; typewrite, type; write shorthand Adjectives—writing, written, holographic, manuscript; shorthand, stenographic; in writing, in black and white; uncial, runic, cuneiform, hieroglyphic, hieratic; handwritten, cursive, printed, lettered; legible; Spencerian, backhand Phrases—the style is the man; the art of writing is the art of applying the seat of the pants to the seat of the chair Quotations—When we see a natural style, we are quite surprised and delighted, for we expected to see an author and we find a man (Pascal), The last thing one knows in constructing a work is what to put first (Pascal), Writing, when properly managed is but a different name for conversation (Laurence Sterne), A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction (Virginia Woolf), I am a camera with its shutter open, quite passive, recording, not thinking (Christopher Isherwood), Writing is not a profession but a vocation of unhappiness (Georges Simenon), Good prose is like a window-pane (George Orwell), A good novel tells us the truth about its hero; but a bad novel tells us the truth about its author (G K Chesterton), There’s nothing to writing All you is sit down at a typewriter and open a vein (Red Smith) Antonyms, see speech, printing wrong, adj immoral (see wrong); mistaken, unfactual; unsuitable, improper See error, disagree- ment —n evil, harm, injury See wrong, malevolence WRONG Deviation from moral right Nouns—1, wrong, wrongfulness, injustice, imposition, oppression, corruption, foul play; illegality, miscarriage of justice See error 2, wrongdoing, wickedness, sinfulness, badness, evil, sin, vice, iniquity, immorality, guilt, reprehensibility, miscreancy, improbity; blackguardism; transgression, felony, trespass, misdeed, misbehavior, misdoing, indiscretion, crime, violation, offense, misdemeanor, tort, injury, grievance, outrage, the matter, malefaction, shame, blame 3, wrongdoer, transgressor (see evildoer) Verbs—1, wrong, harm, injure, damage, maltreat, mistreat, ill-treat, abuse, hit below the belt, oppress, persecute, outrage, offend, dishonor, misserve, wrong to, injury to, injustice to, get at, treat unjustly, sin against; scandalize wrongful [ 899 ] yearling 2, wrong, transgress, be unjust, be inequitable, show partiality Adjectives—1, wrong[ful], bad, evil, immoral, sinful, wicked, vicious, grievous, iniquitous, scandalous, reprehensible, blameworthy, guilty, criminal; harmful, deleterious, injurious, hurtful, detrimental, pernicious, perverse, perverted 2, unjust, unfair (see injustice); unreasonable, unallowable, impermissible; unjustified, unlawful, illegal; illegitimate Adverbs—wrong[ly], falsely, in the wrong; improperly, faultily, amiss, awry, bad; mistakenly, erroneously, inaccurately, incorrectly, in error Phrases—no peace for the wicked; the more you stir the worse it stinks; two wrongs don’t make a right Quotations—The wages of sin is death (Bible), Commit the oldest sins the newest kind of ways (Shakespeare), We have erred and strayed from thy ways like lost sheep (Book of Common Prayer), For the sin ye by two and two ye must pay for by one and one! (Rudyard Kipling) Antonyms, see rightness wrongful, adj injurious; erroneous; unlawful; unjust, unfair See evil, error, illegality, wrong wrongheaded, adj misguided, stubborn, obstinate See obstinacy wry, adj crooked, twisted; askew, awry; ironic, distorted, contorted; warped See distortion, obliquity X xanthic, adj yellow[ish]; fulvous, tawny See color xanthous, adj blond[e], fair, lightskinned; fair-, yellow-, or goldenhaired; yellowish; Mongolian See color x-rated, adj racy, lewd; salacious, erotic, pornographic; adult, for adults only See impurity X-ray, n Roentgen ray; radiation; radiograph See remedy xylograph, n woodcut, wood engraving See engraving xyloid, adj wood[y], ligneous See vegetable xylophone, n marimba, gamelan[g], vibraphone, vibraharp, glockenspiel, orchestra bells, sticcadopastrole, gigelira, straw fiddle See music Y yacht, n sailboat, pleasure boat; houseboat; sloop, yawl, ketch; cruiser See ship yahoo, n lout, knave See vulgarity yammer, v., informal, complain, wail, gripe (sl.), grouse (sl.), whine, whimper, pule; cry, howl; desire, crave, yearn; lament See lamentation yank, n & v pull, twist, jerk See traction yap, v.i See yelp yard, n enclosure, court[yard], patio yardstick, n ruler; standard, criterion, rule, test, measure See measurement yarn, n thread, worsted, spun wool; tale, fib, tall story See filament, description, exaggeration yaw, v.i drift, deviate; jibe, tack See deviation, navigation yawn, v.i gape, open wide; split, part See opening, weariness yea, adv yes; indeed, truly See assent year, n twelvemonth; fiscal year, calendar year See chronometry yearbook, n annual, annuary, calendar, almanac; journal, diary, record yearling, n teg; youngling, colt, filly, whelp, cub See youth, animal yearn [ 900 ] yearn, v.i pine, long, hanker; grieve, mourn See desire, lamentation yeast, n leaven, ferment, barm; spume, froth, foam See agitation yell, v & n shout, cry, scream, shriek, bawl, call; yelp, bark; bellow, roar, hoot, squawk (sl.), holler (sl.) yellow, adj fair, blond[e], flaxen, light-haired (see color); Mongolian, Mongoloid; jaundiced; jealous, envious; informal, cowardly, craven, fearful, lily- or whitelivered, afraid, unmanly, pusillanimous; lurid, sensational, melodramatic, scandal-mongering See cowardice yellowbelly, n., slang, coward (see cowardice) yelp, n & v bark, squawk, cry, yap, yip yen, n., informal, desire, craving, longing, hankering, yearning; taste, hunger, relish; passion; tendency, appetite yeoman, n freeholder, commoner, farmer; guardsman, beefeater; attendant, retainer; petty officer See possession, agriculture, male yes, adv yea, aye; indeed, true, verily; agreed, surely, certainly, of course, that’s right See assent, consent yeshiva, n Talmudic academy, rabbinical seminary; Hebrew school yesterday, n day before; the past yet, conj nevertheless, notwithstanding, still, however See compensation —adv still, besides, thus far, hitherto, till now, up to now or this time See priority, youth past yield, n crop, harvest, product See agriculture —v surrender, cede, abandon, give up; give in, succumb; produce, bear, bring; furnish, supply, afford; soften, relax, give [way]; assent, comply, obey See relinquishment, consent, receiving, resignation, submission yielding, adj soft, pliant, tractable, docile; submissive, compliant, acquiescent; supple, plastic, flexible; productive, fertile See softness, facility yodel, v.i warble (see music) yoke, n union, bond, chain, link, tie; bondage, slavery, oppression, servitude, enslavement, thralldom, vassalage; couple, pair, team See subjection —v.t couple, join, pair, wed; bind, tie, link; bracket, connect, associate See junction yokel, n rustic, peasant, countryman; hick, hayseed, rube, bumpkin, yahoo (all inf.) See populace yonder, adj yon, that —adv in that place, thither, there, beyond; in the distance, afar, far away See distance yore, n antiquity, old times, olden days, good old days (inf.), time immemorial; yesterday; bygone[s], history, the past young, adj youthful; puerile; ageless; green; foundling; adolescent, juvenile, teenage; fresh, new; inexperienced, immature See youth —n offspring, children See posterity YOUTH Condition of being young Nouns—1, youth, juvenility, juvenescence, immaturity, juniority; childhood, boyhood, maidenhood, girlhood, youthhood; minority, nonage, teenage, teens, tender age, bloom; prime of life, flower of youth or life; heyday of youth; school days; terrible twos; adolescence, puberty, the awkward age; rite of passage; growing pains; greenness, callowness; jeunesse dorée; inexperience, puerility; me decade See newness, posterity youth [ 901 ] youth 2, babyhood, infancy, cradle, nursery, apron strings 3, infant, newborn, baby, babe, suckling, chrisom child, nursling; bairn, enfant, papoose; preemie; offspring, young; brat, tot, toddler; the patter of tiny feet Informal, kid[dy], chick, bambino, mudlark; big baby, thumbsucker, crybaby Slang, mama’s boy, carpet or rug rat, ankle-biter, pickney 4, child, boy, girl, muchacha, lad, maid, youth, hobbledehoy, stripling, subteen, tween, teen[ager], benjamin, adolescent, preppie, angry young man, enfant terrible; cherub, brat, imp, gamin, urchin; sapling; child prodigy, Wunderkind; foster child, fosterling; killcrop Informal, bobby soxer, juvenile Slang, spring chicken; boarder baby, zero-parent children, squeegee kid, banda; [jail]bait, forbidden fruit, juve, teenybopper; toyboy, punk kid, young fogy, shavetail, bimbo, colt, puppy, faun[l]et; bantam, quail, cover, crack, fluff, leg, tuna, zimmer 5, bassinet, cradle, crib, rocker; day care or nursery; diaper, pacifier, teether, potty-chair, swaddling clothes; diaper rash 6, (young animal) pup, whelp, kitten, cub, foal, colt, lamb See animal Verbs—rejuvenate, make young; rob the cradle Adjectives—young, youthful, juvenile, tender, immature, wet behind the ears, green, callow, budding, sappy, unfledged, underage, prepubescent, preteen, preadolescent, teenage, in one’s teens; hebetic, adolescent, pubescent; immature; younger, junior; boyish, beardless; maidenly, girlish; infant, infantile, newborn, babyish, childish, puerile; knee-high to a grasshopper Phrases—children should be seen and not heard; if youth knew, if age could; little pitchers have big ears; never send a boy to a man’s job; out of the mouths of babes; adolescence: a stage between youth and adultery Quotations—A child is not a vase to be filled, but a fire to be lit (Rabelais), The child is father of the man (Wordsworth), My salad days, when I was green in judgment (Shakespeare), The Youth of a Nation are the trustees of Posterity (Benjamin Disraeli), I’m not young enough to know everything (J M Barrie), Youth would be an ideal state if it came a little later in life (Herbert Asquith), There is always one moment in childhood when the door opens and lets the future in (Graham Greene), Children’s games are hardly games Children are never more serious than when they play (Montaigne), What we ever get nowadays from reading equal to the excitement and the revelation in those first fourteen years? (Graham Greene), Crabbèd age and youth cannot live together; youth is full of pleasance, age is full of care (Shakespeare), Uncontrolled violence is a fault of youth (Seneca), The young are permanently in a state resembling intoxication; for youth is sweet and they are growing (Aristotle), Youth is the pollen that blows through the sky and does not ask why (Stephen Vincent Benét), Youth is like spring, an overpraised season (Samuel Butler), Youth is something very new: twenty years ago, no one mentioned it (Coco Chanel), They are not long, the days of wine and roses (Ernest Dowson), No young man believes he shall ever die (William Hazlitt), Youth is quick in feeling but weak in judgment (Homer), It is only an illusion that youth is happy, an illusion of those who have lost it (W Somerset Maugham), The American ideal is youth—handsome, empty youth (Henry Miller), Youth condemns; maturity condones (Amy Lowell) Antonyms, see age yowl [ 902 ] yowl, v.i & n howl, scream, squawk See cry yummy, adj., informal, delicious, tasty, delectable See goodness yuppie, n bourgeois, middle-class person See mediocrity Z zany, n clown, madcap, buffoon, comic, fool, comedian, jester, merry-andrew, Punch, pickle-herring; nitwit, dunce See folly, wit zeal, n earnestness, devotion, dedication; passion; soul, spirit, ardor, fervor, verve, enthusiasm, eagerness, warmth, energy; zealotry, fanaticism See activity, feeling zealot, n fanatic, addict, fan (inf.); visionary, dreamer, enthusiast; bigot; devotee, partisan See heterodoxy, piety zenith, n summit, top, acme, apex, pinnacle, apogee; climax, culmination; prime, heyday See height zephyr, n breeze, breath, gentle wind, west wind See wind zeppelin, n dirigible [balloon], airship See aviation zero, n nothing; naught, nought; cipher, none, zip (inf.), goose-egg (sl.), zilch (sl.); (in games) love, blank; nobody, not a soul See insubstantiality —zero hour, turning point, crunch, deadline zoo See limit zest, n relish, gusto, appetite, enthusiasm, enjoyment, thrill, titillation, exhilaration; tang, twang, pungency, piquance, savor, sauce, edge, kick (inf.), zip (inf.) See taste, pleasure, excitement zigzag, adj back-and-forth, tacking, serrated, jagged; crooked, tortuous See deviation, angularity zip, n., informal, zero; vigor, zest, energy, ginger (inf.), whiz (inf.), ping (inf.), swish (inf.), pep (sl.) —v flash; swish, whiz; close (a zipper) See velocity zipper, n slide fastener See connection zither, n zitter, cittern, cithara; koto See music zodiac, n constellations; horoscope, circle, circuit See universe zombie, n walking dead, living ghost; automaton, stooge (sl.); monster; eccentric, oddball, nut, weirdo (all sl.) See death, demon zone, n region, clime, climate; district, ward, area; belt, girdle, band, girth, cincture See circularity, layer zoo, n zoological park or garden; menagerie; vivarium, vivary; aviary, birdhouse; serpentarium; bear pit; aquarium See animal, domestication ... THE NEW AMERICAN ROGET’S COLLEGE THESAURUS IN DICTIONARY FORM Third Revised Edition Prepared by Philip D Morehead Previously published as The Penguin Roget’s College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form. .. Signet, an imprint of New American Library, a division of Penguin Putnam Inc Third revised edition previously published as The Penguin Roget’s College Thesaurus in Dictionary Form ISBN: 1-4295-1376-4... toes, in high gear, in full swing, on the fly or the job Informal, snappy, psyched up 2, (active at work) working, on duty, at work; in commission, in circulation; in effect, in force; industrious,
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