Mossbauer spectroscopy applications in chemistry biology industry and nanotechnology

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MOSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPYMOSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPY APPLICATIONS IN CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY, AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Edited by Virender K Sharma, Ph.D Göstar Klingelhưfer Tetsuaki Nishida Copyright Ĩ 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc All rights reserved Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey Published simultaneously in Canada No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 750-4470, or on the web at www.copyright.com Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permission Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation You should consult with a professional where appropriate Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages For general information on our other products and services or for technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the United States at (800) 762-2974, outside the United States at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002 Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic formats For more information about Wiley products, visit our web site at www.wiley.com Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: M€ ossbauer spectroscopy : applications in chemistry, biology, industry, and nanotechnology / [edited by] Virender K Sharma, Ph.D., G€ ostar Klingelh€ ofer, Tetsuaki Nishida pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index ISBN 978-1-118-05724-7 (hardback) M€ ossbauer spectroscopy I Sharma, Virender K., editor of compilation II Klingelh€ ofer, G€ ostar, 1956- editor of compilation III Nishida, Tetsuaki, 1950- editor of compilation QD96.M6M638 2014 2013011056 5430 6–dc23 Printed in the United States of America 10 We dedicate this book to the late Professor Attila Vertez, E€otv€os Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary Contents Preface xix Contributors xxi Part I Instrumentation Chapter | In Situ M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy with Synchrotron Radiation on Thin Films Svetoslav Stankov, Tomasz Sle˛zak, Marcin Zaja˛c, Michał Sle˛zak, Marcel Sladecek, Ralf R€ohlsberger, Bogdan Sepiol, Gero Vogl, Nika Spiridis, Jan Ła_zewski, Krzysztof Parlinski, and Jozef Korecki 1.1 1.2 Introduction Instrumentation 1.2.1 Nuclear Resonance Beamline ID18 at the ESRF 1.2.2 The UHV System for In Situ Nuclear Resonant Scattering Experiments at ID18 of the ESRF 1.3 Synchrotron Radiation-Based M€ ossbauer Techniques 10 1.3.1 Coherent Elastic Nuclear Resonant Scattering 10 1.3.2 Coherent Quasielastic Nuclear Resonant Scattering 25 1.3.3 Incoherent Inelastic Nuclear Resonant Scattering 30 1.4 Conclusions 38 Acknowledgments 39 References 39 Chapter | M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy in Studying Electronic Spin and Valence States of Iron in the Earth’s Lower Mantle 43 Jung-Fu Lin, Zhu Mao, and Ercan E Alp 2.1 2.2 Introduction 43 Synchrotron M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy at High Pressures and Temperatures 44 2.3.1 Crystal Field Theory on the 3d Electronic States 46 2.3.2 Electronic Spin Transition of Fe2ỵ in Ferropericlase 47 2.3.3 Spin and Valence States of Iron in Silicate Perovskite 49 2.3.4 Spin and Valence States of Iron in Silicate Postperovskite 52 2.4 Conclusions 54 Acknowledgments 55 References 55 Chapter | In-Beam M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy Using a Radioisotope Beam and a Neutron Capture Reaction 58 Yoshio Kobayashi 3.1 3.2 Introduction 58 57 Mn (!57Fe) Implantation M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy 61 3.2.1 In-Beam M€ ossbauer Spectrometer 61 3.2.2 Detector for 14.4 keV M€ ossbauer g-Rays 62 3.2.3 Application to Materials Science—Ultratrace of Fe Atoms in Si and Dynamic Jumping 62 vii viii CONTENTS 3.2.4 Application to Inorganic Chemistry 63 3.2.5 Development of M€ ossbauer g-Ray Detector 65 3.3 Neutron In-Beam M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy 66 3.4 Summary 66 References 67 Part II Radionuclides 71 Chapter | Lanthanides (151Eu and 155 Gd) M€ ossbauer Spectroscopic Study of Defect-Fluorite Oxides Coupled with New Defect Crystal Chemistry Model 73 Akio Nakamura, Naoki Igawa, Yoshihiro Okamoto, Yukio Hinatsu, Junhu Wang, Masashi Takahashi, and Masuo Takeda 4.1 4.2 4.3 Introduction 73 Defect Crystal Chemistry (DCC) Lattice Parameter Model 76 Lns-M€ ossbauer and Lattice Parameter Data of DF Oxides 79 ossbauer and Lattice Parameter Data of M-Eus (M4ỵ ẳ Zr, Hf, Ce, U, 4.3.1 151Eu-M€ and Th) 79 ossbauer and Lattice Parameter Data of Zr1ÀyGdyO2Ày/2 80 4.3.2 155Gd-M€ 4.4 DCC Model Lattice Parameter and Lns-M€ ossbauer Data Analysis 84 4.4.1 DCC Model Lattice Parameter Data Analysis of Ce–Eu and Th–Eu 85 4.4.2 Quantitative BL(Eu3ỵO)-Composition (y) Curves in ZrEu and HfEu 88 4.4.3 Model Extension Attempt from Macroscopic Lattice Parameter Side 89 4.5 Conclusions 92 References 93 Chapter | M€ ossbauer and Magnetic Study of Neptunyl(ỵ1) Complexes 95 Tadahiro Nakamoto, Akio Nakamura, and Masuo Takeda 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Introduction 95 237 Np M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy 96 Magnetic Property of Neptunyl Monocation (NpO2ỵ) 97 M ossbauer and Magnetic Study of Neptunyl(ỵ1) Complexes 98 5.4.1 (NH4)[NpO2(O2CH)2] (1) 98 5.4.2 [NpO2(O2CCH2OH)(H2O)] (2) 100 5.4.3 [NpO2(O2CH)(H2O)] (3) 101 5.4.4 [(NpO2)2((O2C)2C6H4)(H2O)3]ÁH2O (4) 104 5.5 Discussion 106 ossbauer Relaxation Spectra 106 5.5.1 237 Np M€ 5.5.2 Magnetic Susceptibility and Saturation Moment: Averaged Powder Magnetization for the Ground jJz ẳ ặ4i Doublet 107 5.6 Conclusion 113 Acknowledgment 113 References 113 Chapter | M€ ossbauer Spectroscopy of 161 Dy in Dysprosium Dicarboxylates Masashi Takahashi, Clive I Wynter, Barbara R Hillery, Virender K Sharma, Duncan Quarless, Leopold May, Toshiyuki Misu, Sabrina G Sobel, Masuo Takeda, and Edward Brown 6.1 Introduction 116 6.2 Experimental Methods 117 6.3 Results and Discussion 117 Acknowledgment 122 References 122 116 ... | Spin Crossover in Iron(III) Porphyrins Involving the Intermediate-Spin State 177 Mikio Nakamura and Masashi Takahashi 10.1 10.2 Introduction 177 Methodology to Obtain Pure Intermediate-Spin... invented Since then the M€ ossbauer spectroscopy has been applied in a wide range of fields including physics, chemistry, biology, and nanotechnology The M€ ossbauer spectroscopy is still being... € MOSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPY € MOSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPY APPLICATIONS IN CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY, AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Edited by Virender K Sharma, Ph.D Göstar Klingelhöfer Tetsuaki Nishida
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Xem thêm: Mossbauer spectroscopy applications in chemistry biology industry and nanotechnology , Mossbauer spectroscopy applications in chemistry biology industry and nanotechnology , 2 Synchrotron Mössbauer Spectroscopy at High Pressures and Temperatures, 2 57Mn (57Fe) Implantation Mössbauer Spectroscopy, 2 Defect Crystal Chemistry (DCC) Lattice Parameter Model, 3 Lns-Mössbauer and Lattice Parameter Data of DF Oxides, 4 Mössbauer and Magnetic Study of Neptunyl(+1) Complexes, 3 Application of 238U Mössbauer Spectroscopy to Heavy Fermion Superconductors, 4 Application to Two-Dimensional (2D) Fermi Surface System of Uranium Dipnictides, 5 Reversible Spin-State Switching Involving a Structural Change of Fe(NCX)2(bpp)2 2(Benzene) (X = Se, BH3) Triggered by Sorption of Benzene Molecules [30], 4 A High-Valent Bis-Fe(IV) Intermediate in MauG, 3 Mössbauer Studies of Healthy Brain Tissue, 7 Conclusion: The Possible Role of Iron in Neurodegeneration, 2 Polymorphs of Iron(III) Oxide, Their Crystal Structures, Magnetic Properties, and Polymorphous Phase Transformations, 3 Use of 57Fe Mössbauer Spectroscopy in Monitoring Solid-State Reaction Mechanisms Toward Iron Oxides, 4 Various Mössbauer Spectroscopy Techniques in Study of Applications Related to Nanocrystalline Iron Oxides, 2 Mössbauer Characterization of Some Iron Phases Presented in the Rust Layers, 3 Nanosized Fe–Al Alloys Synthesized by High-Energy Ball Milling, 4 Magnetic Thin Films/Multilayer Systems: 57Fe/AI MLS, 2 The Physical Basis: How and Why Electrons Appear in Mössbauer Spectroscopy, 4 The Practical Way: Experimental Low-Energy Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy, 6 Recent Surface Mössbauer Studies in an “Ancient” Material: Fe3O4, 5 Mössbauer Analysis of YAG Doped with Dilute Iron

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