Understanding business 10th chapter 1 taking risks and making profits within the dynamic business environment

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Chapter 01 Taking Risks and Making Profits within the Dynamic Business Environment McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2014 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc All rights reserved Profile MONIF CLARKE Monif C Contemporary Plus Sizes • Plus-sized woman wanted luxurious and feminine clothing • Borrowed $30,000 to start her own clothing line • Took classes at New York’s Fashion Institute of Technology to make business contacts • Adapted products and prices to meet the changing needs of her customers after economic downturn 1-2 Chapter One LEARNING GOALS Describe the relationship between profit and risk, and show how businesses and nonprofits can raise the standard of living for all Compare and contrast being an entrepreneur and working for others Analyze the effects of the economic environment and taxes on businesses Describe the effects of technology on businesses 1-3 Chapter One LEARNING GOALS Demonstrate how businesses can meet and beat competition Analyze the social changes affecting businesses Identify what businesses must to meet global challenges, including war and terrorism Review how past trends are being repeated in the present and what those trends mean for tomorrow’s college graduates 1-4 Chapter One NAME that COMPANY This microlending organization provides small loans to entrepreneurs too poor to qualify for traditional loans The person who started this organization has started 30 of what he calls social businesses that not have profit as their goal Name that organization and its founder! 1-5 Entrepreneurship and Wealth Building GOODS and SERVICES LG1 • Goods Tangible products such as computers, food, clothing, cars and appliances • Services Intangible products (that can’t be held in your hand) like education, healthcare, insurance, recreation and travel • Successfully filling a market need means you could make money for yourself and provide jobs for others 1-6 Entrepreneurship and Wealth Building LG1 BUSINESS and ENTREPRENEURSHIP • Business Any activity that seeks to provide goods and services to others while operating at a profit • Entrepreneur A person who risks time and money to start and manage a business • Success in business is often based on the strategy of finding a need and filling it 1-7 Revenues, Profits and Losses REVENUE, PROFIT AND LOSS LG1 • Revenue The total amount of money a business takes in during a given period by selling goods and services • Profit The amount of money a business earns above and beyond what it spends for salaries and other expenses • Loss Occurs when a business’s expenses are more than its revenues 1-8 Matching Risk with Profit RISK LG1 • Risk The chance an entrepreneur takes of losing time and money on a business that may not prove profitable • Not all businesses make the same amount of profit • Businesses take risks, but with great risks could come great profit 1-9 Businesses Add to the Standard of Living and Quality of Life LG1 HOW is TAX MONEY USED? Taxes are used to provide: •Hospitals •Schools •Libraries •Playgrounds •Roads •Fire Protection •Police Protection •Environmental Programs •Support for People in Need • _ _ 1-10 The Social Environment U.S POPULATION CHANGES LG6 • Immigration law changes • Diversity has grown from just recruiting minority and female workers • Population shifts are creating opportunities for some and limiting others • Growth of single-parent households has encouraged businesses to implement programs such as family leave and flextime 1-38 The Social Environment LG6 WHO WILL SUPPORT SOCIAL SECURITY? www.dollarvigilante.com May 2012 1-39 The Social Environment LG6 WORRIED ABOUT SOCIAL SECURITY? Source: AXA Equitable Retirement Scope, accessed June 2011 1-40 The Global Environment LG7 IMPORTANT CHANGES to the GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT Growth of global competition Increase of free trade among nations Development of efficient distribution systems Advances in communication systems 1-41 © 2013 1-42 The Global Environment LG7 INCREASING COSTS of the GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT • Wars, like those in Iraq and Afghanistan, cost billions of dollars • Tax money is diverted • Cost of security goes up • Cost of insurance goes up 1-43 The Ecological Environment GLOBAL GREENING LG7 • Climate Change Movement of the temperature of the planet up or down over time • Greening Trend toward saving energy and producing products that cause less harm to the environment • Many companies like GE, Coca-Cola, British Airways and Shell are adopting green practices 1-44 GETTING INVOLVED PERSONALLY (Thinking Green) It’s not necessary to radically change your lifestyle to make an ecological difference Here are a few ways you can make small changes to help •Buy a reusable grocery bag •Buy energy efficient light bulbs •Recycle more •Drive fewer miles or ride your bike •Use less water •Run less electrical equipment •Buy local produce •Buy a hybrid car 1-45 Progress Assessment PROGRESS ASSESSMENT • What are four ways the government can foster entrepreneurship? • What’s the difference between effectiveness, efficiency and productivity? • What’s empowerment? • What are some of the major issues affecting the economy today? 1-46 The Evolution of U.S Business The EVOLUTION of BUSINESS LG8 Agriculture Era Manufacturing Era Service Era Information-Based Era 1-47 Progress in the Agricultural Industry The AGRICULTURAL ERA LG8 • In the 1800s, the agricultural industry led economic development • Technology, like the harvester and cotton gin, changed the farming industry making it more efficient • This led to fewer farmers with larger farms 1-48 Progress in the Manufacturing Industry The MANUFACTURING ERA LG8 • Industrialization in the 19th and 20th centuries moved jobs from farms to factories • As technology improved productivity, fewer workers were needed in factories 1-49 Progress in the Service Industry The SERVICE ERA LG8 • Make up about 70% of the U.S economy • Since the mid-1980s, the service industry generated almost all the increases in employment • More high-paying jobs in service industries 1-50 Your Future in Business LG8 • The INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ERA IT affects: - Agriculture - Industry - Service 1-51 Progress Assessment PROGRESS ASSESSMENT • What major factor caused people to move from farming to manufacturing and from manufacturing to the service sector? • What does the future look like for tomorrow’s college graduates? 1-52 ... the five factors of production? Which ones seem to be the most important for creating wealth? 1- 24 The Business Environment WHAT is the BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT? LG3 1- 25 The Economic and Legal Environment. .. Protection •Environmental Programs •Support for People in Need • _ _ 1- 10 Businesses Add to the Standard of Living and Quality of Life LG1 STANDARD of LIVING • Standard of Living The amount... raise the standard of living for all Compare and contrast being an entrepreneur and working for others Analyze the effects of the economic environment and taxes on businesses Describe the effects
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