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Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP CELEBRITY Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Walt Disney was born in 1901 in Chicago, but soon moved to a small farm near Marceline, Missouri From this rural and rather humble beginning he later became one of the most famous and beloved motion- picture producers in history Although he died in 1966, his name and artistic legacy continue to influence the lives of millions of people though out the world After several years of barely making ends meet as a cartoon artist operating from his Los Angeles garage, Disney had his first success in 1928, with his release of a Mickey Mouse cartoon Through out the next decade, he continued to produce a number of cartoons , and develop more of his highly profitable and enduring creations, such as Donald Duck and Pluto In the late 1930s, he issued full-length cartoon film Snow White became an instant commercial and critical success This was only the first of many films, both animated and not, produced by Disney and his studio But as renowned as Disney name is for cartoon and monies, it is probably best known for a string of spectacular amusement and theme parks Starting with California‟s Disneyland in 1955 and culminating with the fantastically successful Disney World and EPCOT Center in Florida, Disney became a household name In recent years, the theme park concept became international, with openings in Toyo and Paris With the continuing success of Disney, the creation of future theme park are under discussion Câu 55: Which of the following is the title for the passage? A The history of Disney World and Disneyland B Walt Disney and his Legacy C Walt Disney and Animated Cartoons D Walt Disney‟s Boyhood Years Câu 56: The word “humble” in bold in paragraph is closest in meaning to A shy B respectful C simple D boring Câu 57: What is the author‟s attitude toward the accomplishments of Walt Disney? A respectful B critical C ambivalent D approving Câu 58: According to the passage, which of the following is true? A Snow White was the first full-length cartoon film B Disney‟s first concern was always profitability C Mickey Mouse was Disney‟s only cartoons creation D Disney‟s first achieved success after his death Câu 59: In paragraph “barely making ends meet’ in bold is closest in meaning to A meeting personal failure C not making much money B producing only a few cartoons D trying new businesses Câu 60: The word “enduring” in bold in paragraph is closest in meaning to A lasting B suffering C difficult Câu 61: The word “renowned” in bold in paragraph is closest in meaning to Moon.vn D famous Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP A talked about B well- known C possessed D useful Câu 62: It can be inferred from the passage that_ A the Tokyo theme park is in financial difficulty B Snow White was Disney‟s most successful film C the California theme park is now closed D Disney created cartoon movies and “non cartoon” movies Câu 63: The word “concept” in bold in paragraph is closest in meaning to A idea B demand Câu 64: In future years it is most likely that A the remaining theme parks will also close C the Disney name will stay well known C birth D location B the Paris theme park will become successful D Disney will produce only cartoons Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Robert Capa Robert Capa is a name that has for many years been synonymous with war photography Born in Hungary in 1913 as Friedmann Endre Ernő, Capa was forced to leave his native country after his involvement in anti government protests Capa had originally wanted to become a writer, but after his arrival in Berlin had first found work as a photographer He later left Germany and moved to France due to the rise in Nazism He tried to find work as a freelance journalist and it was here that he changed his name to Robert Capa, mainly because he thought it would sound more American In 1936, after the breakout of the Spanish Civil war, Capa went to Spain and it was here over the next three years that he built his reputation as a war photographer It was here too in 1936 that he took one of his most famous pictures, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier One of Capa‟s most famous quotes was 'If your pictures aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' And he took his attitude of getting close to the action to an extreme His photograph, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier is a prime example of this as Capa captures the very moment the soldier falls However, many have questioned the authenticity of this photograph, claiming that it was staged When World war II broke out, Capa was in New York, but he was soon back in Europe covering the war for Life magazine Some of his most famous work was created on 6th June 1944 when he swam ashore with the first assault on Omaha Beach in the D-Day invasion of Normandy Capa, armed only with two cameras, took more than one hundred photographs in the first hour of the landing, but a mistake in the darkroom during the drying of the film destroyed all but eight frames It was the images from these frames however that inspired the visual style of Steven Spielberg's Oscar winning movie „Saving Private Ryan‟ When Life magazine published the photographs, they claimed that they were slightly out of focus, and Capa later used this as the title of his autobiographical account of the war Capa‟s private life was no less dramatic He was friend to many of Hollywood‟s directors, actors and actresses In 1943 he fell in love with the wife of actor John Austin His affair with her lasted until the end of the war and became the subject of his war memoirs He was at one time lover to actress Ingrid Bergman Their relationship finally ended in 1946 when he refused to settle in Hollywood and went off to Turkey Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP In 1947 Capa was among a group of photojournalists who founded Magnum Photos This was a co-operative organisation set up to support photographers and help them to retain ownership of the copyright to their work Capa went on to document many other wars He never attempted to glamorise war though, but to record the horror He once said, "The desire of any war photographer is to be put out of business." Capa died as he had lived After promising not to photograph any more wars, he accepted an assignment to go to Indochina to cover the first Indochina war On May 25th 1954 Capa was accompanying a French regiment when he left his jeep to take some photographs of the advance and stepped on a land mine He was taken to a nearby hospital, still clutching his camera, but was pronounced dead on arrival He left behind him a testament to the horrors of war and a standard for photojournalism that few others have been able to reach Capa‟s legacy has lived on though and in 1966 his brother Cornell founded the International Fund for Concerned Photography in his honor There is also a Robert Capa Gold Medal, which is given to the photographer who publishes the best photographic reporting from abroad with evidence of exceptional courage But perhaps his greatest legacy of all are the haunting images of the human struggles that he captured Question 16 Why did Capa change his name? A To hide his identity B Because he had been involved in protests C To sound more American D Because he had to leave Hungary Question 17 Capa originally wanted to be A A photojournalist B A writer C American D A protestor Question 18 Capa went to Spain to A fight in the civil war B build his reputation C have a holiday D take photographs Question 19 Capa’s famous picture Death of a Loyalist Soldier A was taken by someone else B was definitely genuine C wasn‟t even taken in Spain D cannot be proven genuine or staged Question 20 When World War II broke out Capa A went to New York B swam ashore on Omaha Beach C went to Europe D went to Normandy Question 21 A mistake meant that A only one hundred of Capa‟s photographs were published B Capa lost both of his two cameras C Capa‟s images inspired an Oscar winning movie D Most of Capa‟s images of the D-Day landing were destroyed Question 22 Capa’s private life was A less dramatic than his professional life B spent mostly in Hollywood Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP C very glamorous D spent in Turkey Question 23 Capa wanted his work to A be very famous B show how glamorous war can be C show the true horror of war D make lots of money Question 24 Which sentence best paraphrases paragraph 5? A Capa had a tragic private life and was never able to settle down and find happiness B Despite having many good friends and lovers, Capa always put his work first C Capa wanted to make friends with important people in Hollywood so that he could move into the movie industry D Capa‟s private life was very complicated He could not choose between the two women he loved, so he went off to work in Turkey Question 25 Which sentence best paraphrases paragraph 4? A Capa never tried to avoid danger He risked his life to take photographs of the D-Day invasion, but then destroyed most of them B Capa took some of his most famous photographs during the D-Day invasion, but most were tragically destroyed in an accident C Capa only kept the best eight D-Day photographs as the others were out of focus These inspired the visual style of a Hollywood film D Capa left Europe when the war broke out and went to take his most famous photographs of the D-Day invasion Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Rachel Carson was born in 1907 in Springsdale, Pennsylvania She studied biology at college and zoology at Johns Hopkins University, where she received her master‟s degree in 1933 In 1936, she was hired by the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, where she worked most of her life Carson‟s first book, Under the Sea Wind, was published in 1941 It received excellent reviews, but sales were poor until it was reissued in 1952 In that year she published The Sea Around Us, which provided a fascinating look beneath the ocean‟s surface, emphasizing human history as well as geology and marine biology Her imagery and language had a poetic quality Carson consulted no less than 1,000 printed sources She had voluminous correspondence and frequent discussions with experts in the field However, she always realized the limitations of her nontechnical readers In 1962, Carson published Silent Spring, a book that sparked considerable controversy It proved how much harm was done by the uncontrolled, reckless use of insecticides She detailed how they poison the food supply of animals, kill birds and fish, and contaminate human food At the time, spokesmen for the chemical industry mounted personal attacks against Carson and issued propaganda to indicate that her findings were flawed However, her work was proved by a 1963 report of the President‟s Science Advisory Committee (Source: TOEFL Reading) Question 48 The passage mainly discusses Rachel Carson‟s work Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP A as a researcher B at college C at the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service D as a writer Question 49 According to the passage, what did Carson primarily study at Johns Hopkins University? A oceanography B zoology C literature D history Question 50 When she published her first book, Carson was closest to the age of A 26 B 29 C 34 D 45 Question 51 It can be inferred from the passage that in 1952, Carson‟s book Under the Sea Wind A was outdated C was praised by critics B became more popular than her other books D sold many copies Question 52 Which of the following was NOT mentioned in the passage as a source of information for The Sea Around Us? A printed matter C a research expedition B talks with experts D letters from scientists Question 53 Which of the following words or phrases is LEAST accurate in describing The Sea Around Us? A highly technical B poetic C fascinating researched Question 54 The word “reckless” in line 11 is closest in meaning to D well- A unnecessary irresponsible D B limited C continuous Question 55 According to the passage, Silent Spring is primarily A an attack on the use of chemical preservatives in food B a discussion of the hazards insects pose to the food supply C a warning about the dangers of misusing insecticides D an illustration of the benefits of the chemical industry Question 56 The word “flawed” in line 14 is closest in meaning to A faulty B deceptive C logical D offensive Question 57 Why does the author of the passage mention the report of the President‟s Science Advisory Committee ( lines 14-15)? A To provide an example of government propaganda B To support Carson‟s ideas C To indicate a growing government concern with the environment D To validate the chemical industry‟s claims Câu 1, Câu 2, Câu 3, Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP Câu 4, Câu 5, Câu 6, Câu 7, Câu 8, Câu 9, Câu 10, Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 46 to 50 Madonna Ever since she burst on to the pop scene in the early eighties, Madonna has remained one of the most well-known celebrities in the world She has shown herself to be a talented singer, dancer, songwriter and actress To have achieved this she undoubtedly has a strong belief in herself and her abilities It is possible she gained her strong personality through her tough childhood experiences She went to a strict Catholic school, was one of many children, and her family was split up after her mother died from cancer Eventually, in search of fame, she left college and went to New York with only her suitcase and a few dollars Hugely successful, often through controversy, Madonna has always known what the public and media want She has gone from shocking clothes and pop songs to setting trends and family life She caused disagreement by playing feminist roles in firms and featuring in pop videos with images of Jesus Christ Throughout all her years and different styles and phases, she has always been able to give the general the public entertainment Madonna has become one of the biggest stars on the planet, and has sold over 100 million recorders worldwide, making her one of the highest-earning entertainers of her generation Even now as she approaches fifty and is a mother, Madonna is likely to contribute to us entertain for many more years, but what nobody can be sure of this exactly what she will next Question 46: what is the writer‟s main purpose in writing this text? A B C D To discuss Madonna‟s acting career, and encourage other pop stars to go into acting To show how well Madonna achieved success throughout the years To remind people that money is not everything , and it comes and goes To claim that fashion is always change, and no one can stay famous forever Question 47: As a child, Madonna was probably Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP A B C D Happiest during her school days Lonely and without anyone to talk to Unhappy in New York Made stronger due to different events Question 48: What is true according to the text? A B C D Madonna has always been careful not to offend the public Madonna apologized to the Church after causing offence with a pop video Madonna often upset people but achieved a great deal Madonna disliked the controversy in her career Question 49: What does the writer say about Madonna‟s success? A B C D She is one of richest performers of her time She has earned more money than many international businesses Her success is mainly due to the American market Her consistent style has followed her to earn so much money Question 50: How would the writer probably describe Madonna‟ future? A B C D “After so much success, acting will become more important than singing” “Family life will be the main factor in Madonna‟s everyday life, no more wild days!” “She‟ll keep on pleasing the public in a predictable way” “Madonna is sure to keep us guessing on her future plan” Read the passage and mark the A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 51 to 60 Perhaps it was his own lack of adequate schooling that inspired Horace Mann to work so hard for the important reforms in education that he accomplished While he was still a boy, his father and older brother died, and he became responsible for supporting his family Like most of the children in his town, he attended school only two or three months a year Later, with the help of several teachers, he was able to study law and became a member of the Massachusetts bar, but he never forgot those early struggles While serving in Massachusetts legislature, he signed a historic education bill that set up a state board of education Without regret, he gave up his successful legal practice and political career to become the first secretary of the board There he exercised an enormous influence during the critical period of reconstruction that brought into existence the American graded elementary school as substitute for the older distinct school system Under his leadership, the curriculum was restructured, the school year was increased to a minimum of six months, and mandatory schooling was extended to age sixteen Other important reforms included the establishment of state normal schools for teacher training, institutes for in-service teacher education, and lyceums for adult education He was also instrument in improving salaries for teachers and creating school libraries Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP Mann’s ideas about school reform were developed and distributed in twelve annual reports to the state of Massachusetts that he wrote during his tenure as secretary of education Considered quite radical at the time, the Massachusetts reforms later served as a model for the nation Mann was recognized as the father of public education Question 51: Which of the following titles would best express the main topic of the passage ? A The Father of American Public Education B Philosophy of Education C The Massachusetts State Board of Education D Politics of Educational Institutions Question 52: Which of the following describes Horace Mann’s early life ? A He attended school six months a year B He had to study alone, without help C He supported his family after his father died D He was an only child Question 53: The word “struggles” in line could best be replaced by A valuable experiences B happy situations C influential people D difficult times Question 54: The word “regret” in line could best be replaced by A consideration B feeling sorry C limitation D acceptance Question 55: What did Horace Mann advocate ? A The state board school system C The substitute school system B The district school system D The graded school system Question 56: The word “mandatory” in line 10 is closest in meaning to A required B equal C excellent D basic Question 57: How were Mann’s educational reforms distributed ? A In twelve annual reports to the state of Massachusetts B In reports that he wrote for national distribution C In speeches that he made throughout the country D In books that could be found in school libraries Question 58: The reforms that Horace Mann achieved were A not radical for the time B used only by the state of Massachusetts C adopted by the nation as a model D enforced by the Massachusetts bar Question 59: Among Mann’s school reforms, which of the following is NOT mentioned ? A Restructuring curriculum C Lyceums for adult education Moon.vn B Schools for teacher training D Creating museums Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Question 60: Which of the following statements best represents Mann’s philosophy ? A Think in new way B Help others C Study very hard D Work hard DỊCH NGHĨA lẽ việc khơng học hành đầy đủ truyền cảm hứng cho Horace Mann làm việc không mệt mỏi để đem lại cải cách quan trọng ngành giáo dục Khi ơng đứa trẻ, cha anh trai ông qua đời, ơng trở thành trụ cột gia đình Cũng hầu hết bọn trẻ thị trấn, ông tới trường tầm hai hay ba lần năm Sau này, số thầy giáo giúp đỡ, ơng điều kiện học luật trở thành thành viên tòa án bang Massachusetts, ơng khơng qn khó khăn thời nhỏ Trong phục vụ quan lập pháp bang Massachusetts, ông k{ vào dự luật giáo dục mang tính lịch sử việc thành lập Hội đồng giáo dục cho bang Không hối tiếc, ông từ bỏ nghề luật nghiệp trị thành cơng để trở thành thư k{ hội đồng nói Ở ơng tiến hành hàng loạt thay đổi to lớn thời kz cốt lõi việc tái xây dựng, khai sinh hệ thống giáo dục tiểu học phân khối lớp Mỹ để thay cho hệ thống giáo dục cũ Dưới điều hành ơng, chương trình học cải tổ, thời gian cho năm học kéo dài, ngắn sáu tháng, bắt buộc trẻ em 16 tuổi phải tới trường Một số cải cách quan trọng khác bao gồm việc thành lập trường chuẩn tắc bang để huấn luyện nghề nghiệp cho giáo viên, học viện đào tạo giáo viên chức, nơi học tập dành cho người lớn Ơng góp phần tăng lương cho giáo viên xây dựng thư viện trường học Ý tưởng Mann việc cải cách hệ thống trường học phát triển phân bổ mười hai báo cáo thường niên gửi bang Massachusetts mà ông viết thời kz nắm giữ chức vụ thư k{ Hội đồng giáo dục Được xem cấp tiến vào thời điểm đó, cải cách bang Massachusetts sau đem làm hình mẫu cho đất nước Mann ghi nhận cha đẻ giáo dục công lập Câu 1, Tiêu đề diễn tả tốt chủ đề đoạn trích? Đáp án A Cha đẻ Giáo dục Công lập Mỹ Nhận thấy viết nói đời nghiệp Horace Mann, cha đẻ giáo dục công lập Mỹ Các đáp án khác: B, Triết l{ Giáo dục C, Hội đồng Giáo dục bang Massachusetts D, Khía cạnh trị Học viện Giáo dục Câu 2, Câu miêu tả thời thơ ấu Horace Mann? Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHĨA NGỮ PHÁP Đáp án C Ơng trụ cột gia đình sau cha Thơng tin “…Khi ơng đứa trẻ, cha anh trai ông qua đời, ông trở thành trụ cột gia đình.” Các đáp án khác: A, Ông tới trường sáu tháng năm B, Ơng phải học khơng giúp đỡ D, Ông Câu 3, Từ “struggles” dòng thay từ Đáp án D difficult times – thời điểm khó khăn struggle (n): khó khăn thử thách Các đáp án khác: A, kinh nghiệm đáng giá B, tình vui vẻ C, người sức ảnh hưởng Câu 4, Từ “regret” dòng thay Đáp án B, feeling sorry (n): cảm thấy hối tiếc, tiếc nuối ~ regret (n) Các đáp án khác: consideration (n): phân vân dự limitation (n): hạn chế, hạn định, giới hạn acceptance (n): chấp thuận Câu 5, Horace Mann tán thành việc gì? Đáp án D Hệ thống trường học xếp khối lớp Thơng tin “…Ở ông tiến hành hàng loạt thay đổi to lớn thời kz cốt lõi việc tái xây dựng, khai sinh hệ thống giáo dục tiểu học phân khối lớp Mỹ để thay cho hệ thống giáo dục cũ…” Các đáp án khác: Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 10 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP A, Hệ thống trường học k{ túc xá bang B, Hệ thống trường học Quận C, Hệ thống trường học thay Câu 6, Từ “mandatory” dòng 10 gần nghĩa với từ: Đáp án A required (adj): mang tính bắt buộc ~ mandatory (adj) Các đáp án khác: equal (adj): bằng, công Cấu trúc (to) be equal to sth: vai phải lứa, công với excellent (adj): tuyệt vời, xuất sắc basic (adj): Câu 7, Các sách cải cách giáo dục Mann phân bổ nào? Đáp án A Ở mười hai báo cáo thường niên gửi tới bang Massachusetts Thông tin “…Ý tưởng Mann việc cải cách hệ thống trường học phát triển phân bổ mười hai báo cáo thường niên gửi bang Massachusetts…” Các đáp án khác: B, báo cáo mà ơng viết phân phối tồn quốc C, phát biểu ông khắp đất nước D, sách tìm thấy thư viện Câu 8, Những cải cách mà Horace Mann làm Đáp án C đất nước thực lấy làm hình mẫu Thông tin “…Được xem cấp tiến vào thời điểm đó, cải cách bang Massachusetts sau đem làm hình mẫu cho đất nước…” Các đáp án khác: A, không hợp l{ vào thời điểm B, sử dụng nội bang Massachusetts D, ban hành tòa án Massachusetts Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 11 Moon.vn MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Câu 9, Trong cách trường học Mann, điều sau không nhắc đến? Đáp án D, xây dựng viện bảo tàng Thông tin “…Dưới điều hành ơng, chương trình học cải tổ *…+Một số cải cách quan trọng khác bao gồm việc thành lập trường chuẩn tắc bang để huấn luyện nghề nghiệp cho giáo viên, học viện đào tạo giáo viên chức, nơi học tập dành cho người lớn….” Các đáp án A, B, C xuất đoạn trích A, Tái cấu chương trình học B, Trường huấn luyện nghề nghiệp giáo viên C, Nơi học tập cho người lớn Câu 10, Điều mô tả triết l{ sống làm việc Mann? Đáp án B Giúp đỡ người khác Những điều thể triết l{ là: - - Do Mann khơng học hành tử tế thời nhỏ nên ông hiểu nỗi khổ đó, sẵn sàng từ bỏ nghiệp luật để chuyển sang hoạt động giáo dục, tạo điều kiện cho trẻ nhỏ tới trường Ông tăng lương cho giáo viên Ơng góp phần phổ cập giáo dục đến cho trẻ em người lớn, người khơng điều kiện tới trường Các đáp án khác: A, Nghĩ khác C, Học hành cực kz chăm D, Làm việc Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 12 ... required (adj): mang tính bắt buộc ~ mandatory (adj) Các đáp án khác: equal (adj): bằng, công Cấu trúc (to) be equal to sth: vai phải lứa, công với excellent (adj): tuyệt vời, xuất sắc basic (adj):... Science Advisory Committee (Source: TOEFL Reading) Question 48 The passage mainly discusses Rachel Carson‟s work Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP A as... (n): cảm thấy hối tiếc, tiếc nuối ~ regret (n) Các đáp án khác: consideration (n): phân vân dự limitation (n): hạn chế, hạn định, giới hạn acceptance (n): chấp thuận Câu 5, Horace Mann tán thành
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