465 câu trắc nghiệm từ đồng nghĩa và trái nghĩa

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TỪ ĐỒNG NGHĨA TRÁI NGHĨA Thực hiện: Ban Chuyên môn Tuyensinh247.com EXERCISE TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC NGOẠI NGỮ (ID:122738)Chọn 01 từ cụm từ 04 lựa chọn có nghĩa gần với từ/cụm từ gạch chân câu hỏi Câu 1: My elder sister failed her final exam, which depressed my parents A embarrassed B satisfied C pleased D disappointed Câu 2: Many people say that he is always a good plumber A a person who picks plums B a person who makes water pipes C a person who supplies water D a person who repairs water pipes Câu 3: I stayed there with her for a while before I left A in the difficult time B for relaxation C whenever she needed me D for a short period of time (ID:122742)Chọn 01 từ cụm từ 04 lựa chọn trái nghĩa với từ cụm từ gạch chân câu hỏi Câu 4: When she was years old, she was a plump girl A short B beautiful C fat D slim Câu 5: Last year, the rush hour delayed our trip to the airport and as a result, we had to change our flight A a time of the year when people don’t like shopping B an hour in the afternoon when people not travel on the road C an hour in the morning when the traffic is easy D a time during each day when traffic is at its easiest Câu 6: Two weeks ago, when I was looking for a new pair of jeans in the night market, I ran into Mai A called loudly B met very quickly C saw by chance D arranged to meet EXERCISE ĐÈ THI THỬ THPT ĐOÀN THƯỢNG LẦN -2016 [146742 ] Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 1) The tiny irrigation channels were everywhere and along some of them the water is running A flushing out with water B washing out with water C supplying water D cleaning with water 2) For a decade, that scientists has studied centenarians, looking for genes that contribute to longevity A people who live to be 100 or older B people who are vegetarians C people who want to be fruitarians D people who are extraordinary 3) The power failure at dinnertime caused consternation among the city’s housewives A disability B deliberation C dismay D distaste [146767 ] Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions 4) His career advancement was slow and he did not gain any promotion until he was 40, when he won the position of the company’s Chief Executive A progress B elevation C rise D decrease 5) Using Facebook, you can post update sayings about your life every day A locate B displace C establish D put up 6) Visitors to the Church of St Menoux in France believed the fallacy that they could cure their headaches by sticking their heads into a hole in a stone altar A actual fact B false idea C true belief D children’s story EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT SỞ SG&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC LẦN 1- 2016 (ID: 115065) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 50.In the 1980s, TV viewers began to hook up videocassette players to their TVs A combine B stop C fasten D connect Question 51 Thanks to better health care, there are more and more centenarians nowadays A children whose parents can't afford their schooling B children who die at birth C people who live 100 years or more D people who suffer from fatal diseases Question 52 These machines are older models and have to be operated by hand A manually B spiritually C automatically D mechanically (ID: 115069) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 53 It's discourteous to ask Americans questions about their age, marriage or income A impolite B polite C unacceptable D rude Question 54 One of the reasons why families break up is that parents are always critical of each other A unaware B supportive C intolerant D tired EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN KHTN 2016 (ID: 121231) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 60: He was so insubordinate that he lost his job within a week A fresh B disobedient C understanding D obedient >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Question 61: I am afraid I haven’t allowed him enough initiative, said Father Payne; that’s a bad habit of mine A determination B encouragement C beginning D cowardice (ID: 121235) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the words CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 62: Roget’s Thesaurus, a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas they express rather than by alphabetical order A instead of B as well as C unless D restricted Question 63: With the dawn of space exploration, the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique in the solar system was strengthened A outcome B beginning C continuation D expansion Question 64: This tapestry has a very complicated pattern A intricate B obsolete C ultimate D appropriate EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐA PHÚC LẦN -2016 (124338) V Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences 43 My cousin tends to look on the bright side in any circumstance A be smart B be pessimistic C be confident D be optimistic 44 We'd better speed up if we want to get there in time A slow down B put down C turn down D lie down (124355) VIII Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences He is an honest man You can rely on him to a good job 57 A put up with B base on C count on D take in 58 I will communicate with you as soon as I have any news A be interested in B have connection C be related D get in touch 59 We'll have to use the restrooms on the next floor because the ones on this floor are not in working condition A run out of B torn down C out of work D out of order EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT SỞ GD&ĐT BẮC GIANG LẦN 1-2016 (ID: 126625 )Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 50: Whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly A arrive B clean C encounter D happen Question 51: Adverse reviews in the New York press may greatly change the prospects of a new Broadway production A subversive B additional C encouraging D unfavorable >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Question 52: Engineers are still trying to come up with a commercially viable replacement for internal-combustion engines A feasible B accessible C desirable D derivable (ID: 126629 )Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 53: I have a modest little glass fish tank where I keep a variety of small fish A moderate B limited C conceited D excessive Question 54: During the five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects A holding to B holding back C holding at D holding by EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT SỞ GD&ĐT BẮC NINH 2016 (ID: 122333) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the world(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following question from 20 to 21 Question 20: A frightening number of illiterate students are graduating from college A able to enjoy winter sports C able to read and write writing B inflexible D unable to pass an examination in reading and Question 21: In England, schooling is mandatory for all children from the age of to 16 A obligatory B voluntary C compulsory D advisory EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT SỞ GD&ĐT BẮC NINH 2016 (ID: 122354) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSET in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 37: Bacteria can be both detrimental and helpful to humans, depending on the specific type and effect A useful B fatal C productive D harmful Question 38: When you see your teacher approaching you, a slight wage to attract his attention is appropriate A catching sight of B pointing at C coming nearer to D looking up to Question 39: Helen Keller, blind and deaf from an early age, developed her sense of smell so finely that she could identify friends by their personal odors A classify B recognize C describe D communicate with EXERCISE ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT BỈM SƠN – THANH HÓA LẦN – 2016 >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! (ID: 113510) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 25 Whenever Susan invites us to dinner, she customarily prepares a lot of delicious food A naturally B necessarily C usually D certainly Question 26 It is hoped that illiteracy will soon be eradicated in our country as more and more people are struggling against it A evolving B plunging C starting D striving Question 27 His new yatch is certainly an ostentatious display of his wealth A beautiful B showy C large D expensive (ID: 113536) the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 43: The aircraft carrier is indispensable in naval operations against sea or shore based enemies A unique B novel C unnecessary D exotic Question 44 This shouldn’t be too taxing for you A comfortable B demanding C easy D relaxing EXERCISE 10 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN VINH LẦN 1- 2016 (125797) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 3: The news should be put in the most noticeable place so that all the students can be well-informed A suspicious B popular C easily seen D beautiful Question 4: Parents regard facial and vocal expressions as indicators of how a baby is feeling A read B translate C display D consider Question 5: I told her I understood what she was feeling as we were both after all in the same boat A in a similar take B in a similar find C in a similar situation D in a similar case (125911) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 63: Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region A remain unstable B fluctuate C restrain D stay unchanged Question 64: There has been no huge improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned A clear B obvious C insignificant D thin EXERCISE 11 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN VINH LẦN – 2016 (ID: 114159)Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word/phrases SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 1: People in Korea gave books to schools in Indonesia, and Indonesians taught Koreans a traditional dance This exchange helped them learn about each other’s culture >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! A giving and receiving things at the same time same time B trying many different things at the C the process of changing an amount of one currency people/parties to me D an arrangement for two Question 2: Mobile libraries bring books to children in many small communities These libraries travel from towns to towns in cars, vans, or trucks A staying in one place C can be bent easily and quickly and often B moving from place to place D.changing shape or expression easily Question 3: If I say something odd, it’s because I didn’t sleep at all last night When I get extremely tired, I can sometimes get a bit weird A not be able to participate C to be too clever B to set strangely or unusually D not be able to concentrate EXERCISE 12 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN KHTN LẦN - 2016 (ID: 114191) Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 53: A lot of people think that Angelina Jolie is really hot A beautiful B cool C unattractive D kind Question 54: “I’m at a loss to how you are going to pass your subjects without studying All you is play video game all day.” A trying to understand B to lose the game C to feel like a stranger D to know a lot about the area EXERCISE 13 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN NGUYỄN HUỆ LẦN 1- 2016 (ID: 121564) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 4: The introduction of credit cards radically modified North Americans’ spending habits A reduced B altered C resolved D devoted Question 5: He hurled the statue to the floor with such force that it shattered A pulled B dropped C pushed D threw Question 6: According to Freud, dreams can be interpreted as the fulfillment of wishes A attainment B completion C performance D conclusion (ID: 121619) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 53: Jenny was afraid because the dog sounded fierce A cruel B gentle C untamed D malevolent >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Question 54: This kind of dress is becoming outmoded If I were you, I wouldn’t dress it up at the party A fashionable B realistic C unfashionable D attractive EXERCISE 14 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN SƠN LA LẦN – 2016 (126407) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 26: The trouble with Frank is that he never turns up on time for the meeting A tests B arrives C delays D takes after Question 27: Childbearing is the women’s most wonderful role A having no child B educating a child C bring up a child D giving birth to a baby Question 28: He was one of the most outstanding performers at the live show last night A impressive B well-known C easy-looking D important Question 29: The 1923 earthquake in Japan killed about 200,000 people and left countless wounded and homeless A imprisoned B injured C poor D suffered Question 30: The Red Cross gives medical aid and other help to victims of major disasters such as floods, earthquakes, epidemics and famines A shortage of water B serious droughts C serious shortage of food D poverty EXERCISE 15 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN SƯ PHẠM HÀ NỘI – 2016 (ID:116263)Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 35: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), was established in 1946 A set up B found out C run through D put away Question 36: Paris is the ideal place to learn French; it’s a beautiful and hospitable city with Institutions for high quality linguistic teaching A friendly B natural C affectionate D noticeable Question 37: Species that have already lost habitat because of deforestation are given higher priority in the plan because of their greater risk of extinction A a thing that you often and almost without thinking B the place where a particular type of animal or plan is normally found >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! C a subject that student don’t understand D a theme that everyone likes to discuss (ID:116284) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of t he following questions Question 53: There have been significant changes in women’s lives since the women’s liberation movement A.unimportant B.controlled C.political D.disagreeable Question 54: In 1989, a ban was given on all international trade in ivory A.a destruction B.an allowance C.an exploitation D.a prohibition EXERCISE 16 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN SƯ PHẠM HÀ NỘI 2- 2016 (ID: 123280) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in the meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 25: Designers could move away from conservative styles and promote the swimsuits that revealed a body’s physical attributes A hid B distorted C blocked D disrupted Question 26: Lunar years were inconvenient for agricultural purposes A useful B ideal C proper D practical (ID: 123283) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 27: Sometimes, advertisers impact society by the use of advocacy ads, whose purpose is not to persuade the public to buy a product, but to change the public’s view about a specific issue A convince B dissuade C solicit D encourage Question 28: Aside from simply being annoying, the most measurable physical effect of noise pollution is damage to hearing A difficult B ongoing C bothersome D refined Question 29: Many communities now disapprove of these phones so much that they have forbidden anyone of any age to use them while driving A fully endorse their popularity B condemn or oppose their use C favor their use only by adults D agree to their unrestricted use EXERCISE 17 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN SPHN LẦN 3- 2016 (125075) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Question 25: The most effectively way to feel more mentally alert and energetic is to engage in aerobic activity at least three times a week for 30 minutes A vigorous B weak C agile D appealing Question 26: The geologic history of the Earth reveals much information about the evolution of the continents, oceans, atmosphere, and biosphere A teaches B discloses C traces D donates Question 27: Slang can be defined as a set of lexical, grammatical, and phonological regularities used in informal speech A situational B casual C informative D uneducated (125096) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 43: Body painting and tattooing: lip, ear, and nose plugs or rings; and bracelets, arm bands, necklaces, and head ornaments made of bright feathers were traditionally used by many groups to enhance beauty or to indicate status A intelligent B dark C brilliant D rare Question 44: No deep understanding of the Solar System can be achieved without an appreciation of the basic properties of the Sun A Improper B shallow C thorough D inappropriate EXERCISE 18 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT HÀM LONG LẦN 2- 2016 (ID: 118134)Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions Question 33: Relaxation therapy teaches one not to fret over small problems A worry about B get angry about C get involved in D look for Question 34: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps it has taken brilliant thinkers to recognize their potential A accidents B misunderstandings C incidentals D misfortunes Question 35 I hope to have the privilege of working with them again A honor B advantage C favor D right (ID: 118149)Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 46: Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region A fluctuate B stay unchanged C restrain D remain unstable Question 47: Certain courses are compulsory; others are optional A voluntary B free C pressure D mandatory EXERCISE 19 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT LƯƠNG NGỌC QUYẾN LẦN – 2016 >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! (ID: 124991) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions from 25 to 29 Question 25: Today’s scientists have overcome many of the challenges of the depth by using more sophisticated tools A complicated B worldly C experienced D aware Question 26: We went away on holiday last week, but it rained day in day out A every single day B every other day C every second day D every two days Question 27: We can use either verbal or non – verbal forms of communication A using gesture expressions B using speech C using verbs D using facial Question 28: Each year about fifty hundred species of plants and animals are already being eliminated A dropped B removed C kicked D tossed Question 29: The unmanned U.S space probe Mariner sent back over 7,000 photos of Mars A circulated B transmitted C conveyed D submitted EXERCISE 20 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT LÝ THÁI TỔ LẦN 1- 2016 (ID:112822) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 20: Within a week on display at the exhibition, the painting was hailed as a masterpiece A a down- to – earth work of art B an excellent work of art C an expensive work of art D a large work of art Question 21: Deer like figures made from willow shoots are the oldest evidence of human habitation in the Grand Canyon A proof B clue C dispute D exhibit Question 22: He drives me to the edge because he never stops talking A frightens me B moves me C irritates me D steers me Question 23: I think we can safely say now that we have got our money back, we are home and dry A have got home dry B have been successful C have not got wet D have got no water Question 24: Roget's Thesaurus, a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas they express rather than by alphabetical order A unless B instead of C restricted D as well as EXERCISE 21 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT LÝ THÁI TỔ LẦN 2- 2016 (ID: 118920 ) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 10 “rejuvenating” = “making young again” :làm trẻ lại, làm trẻ ho 26, p n A “spot” =”see”: ph t ra, nhận ra, nhìn thấy 27, p n C “putting his foot in his mouth” = “saying embarrassing things”: nói điều xấu hổ, lúng túng 28, p n A “replenish” = “refill”: đổ đầy, làm đầy vào; tr i nghĩa “empty”: trống rỗng 29, p n B “default” = “fail to pay”: không trả nợ; tr i nghĩa “paid in full”: trả đầy đủ EXERCISE 55 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN NGUYỄN HUỆ LẦN 3- 2016 14 A Collapse = fall down unexpectedly = đổ sụp c ch bất ngờ 15 A Terrified = frightened = sợ hãi, bị làm cho hốt hoảng 16 D Truthfully = as trustingly as you can = thành thật 17 D Innocent = ngây thơ, vô tội >< guilty = tội lỗi 18 B Rapidly = nhanh >< sluggishly = chậm EXERCISE 56 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN NGUYỄN QUANG DIỆU LẦN 2016 28 B “stay alive” = “survive”: sống sót, sống 29 A “affinity” = “attraction”: thu hút, lôi 30 A “absent-minded” = “often forgetting things”: đãng trí, hay quên 31 A “sufferings”: nỗi đau khổ, đau khổ Tr i nghĩa “happiness”: hạnh phúc, vui vẻ 32 B “identical”: giống hệt, đồng Tr i nghĩa “different”: kh c biệt, kh c EXERCISE 57 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN PHAN BỘI CHÂU 2016 50 A.significant = considerable: đ ngkể indispensable: khôngthểthiếuđược excessive: quámức, thừA insubstantial: ítỏi >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 63 51 proximity to = Nearness to = close to: gần, xấpxỉ 52 Cut down = decrease: giảm Cease + Ving: ngừng 53 Conceit : kiêucăng>< modest: khiêmtốn 54 Starving: đói>< full: no, đủ EXERCISE 58 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CHUYÊN QUỐC HỌC HUẾ 2016 30 sack = dismiss : sa thải Enroll: đăng ký, recall: gọi về, nhắc nhở, relieve: làm dịu 31 exponentially : theo số mũ At a very fast rate: nhanh >< at a very low rate Slightly: nh , constantly : liên tục 32 consume = waste : tiêu tốn 33 compulsory = mandatory : bắt buộc 34 alive = survived : sống Revive: hồi sinh, connive : thông đồng, surprised: ngạc nhiên EXERCISE 59 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐA PHÚC LẦN 3- 2016 Chọn A Blend (v) hòa vào, lẫn vào Concentrate (v) tập trung Secede (v) rút ra, ly khai Desensitize(v) gây tê Dịch câu: ngày đường nhiều lái xe thô lỗ không cho xe khác tham gia giao thông Chọn A Equitable = just (a) công , hợp lý Chọn C Ostentatious = showy (a) khoe khoang Dịch câu: du thuyền thể khoe mẽ tài sản 63 Chọn A Dịch câu: tên nhân vật s ch thay đổi để bảo toàn danh tính Preserve: giữ, bảo vệ Trái nghĩa với “reveal” (tiết lộ) 64 Chọn B Dịch câu: B c sĩ vừa bị trích sử dụng kháng sinh bừa bãi Indiscriminate(a): bừa bãi >< selective(a) có chọn lọc EXERCISE 60 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÀO DUY TỪ LẦN - 2016 25 D To impede smt = To prevent smt = ngăn chặn c i 26 A >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 64 To take my hat off to smb = To respect smb = tôn trọng, kính phục 27 B To control smt by law = To restrict smt = kiểm so t c i 28 D To vary = thay đổi >< To stay unchanged = giữ nguyên, ổn định, không thay đổi 29 C Huge = significant = to lớn, đ ng kể >< Insignificant = không đ ng kể EXERCISE 61 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐOÀN THƯỢNG LẦN -2016 26 Dịch câu: Máy nội soi có đa dạng tác dụng ngành công nghiệp, để kiểm tra điều khiển hoạt động khu vực tiếp cận inaccessible= hard to reach =) C 27 Dịch câu: Công ti … cho cô tuyên bố ủng hộ cho kiện Thực mà nói, cô có quyền làm cô muốn lúc Forbade(v) ngăn cấm Authorize(v) ủy quyền Order(v) lệnh Ta đo n nghĩa chỗ trống để chọn C empower= authorize (v) trao quyền, ủy quyền 28 Anticipate = predict(v) đo n trước Không chọn B D nghĩa khác so với “anticipate” không tr i ngược Chọn A nghĩa “nghi ngờ” có khác biệt so với “anticipate” nhiều 29 “Just under” tr i nghĩa với”upwards of” Chọn A (ta đo n dựa vào từ “ under” “ upward” mang nghĩa ngược nhau) EXERCISE 62 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐỒNG ĐẬU LẦN - 2016 C “assistance” = “help”: giúp đỡ A “join hands” = “work together”: hợp tác, làm việc C “oblige” = “force”: bắt buộc, bắt phải… 63 B “speed up”: tăng tốc, tr i nghĩa “slow down”: chậm lại >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 65 64 A “destroy”: tàn ph , tr i nghĩa “build”: xây dựng, dựng nên EXERCISE 63 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐỒNG ĐẬU LẦN 2- 2016 26 p n: B Compulsory= bắt buộc, depended= phụ thuộc, required= đòi hỏi, divided= bị phân chia 27 p n: B Suppose: giả sử dùng thay “If” câu điều kiện 28 p n: C Polite = lịch sự, rude= thô lỗ, generous= hào phóng, rule= quy tắc, friendly= thân thiện 29 p n: B Speed up= tăng tốc, slow down= chậm lại, turn down= vặn nhỏ, look down= nhìn xuống, put forward= đề xuất EXERCISE 64 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÔNG DU LẦN -2016 45 Chọn C “growing well” nghĩa sinh trưởng tốt “flourishing” 46 Chọn D “image” nghĩa hình ảnh phản chiếu “reflection” 47 Chọn A “sometimes” nghĩa “at times” 48 Chọn D “variety” nghĩa đa dạng “diversity” 49 Chọn A “make out” nghĩa nhìn thấy, nhìn rõ “see” EXERCISE 65 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÔNG DU LẦN - 2016 25 Today’s scientists have overcome many of the challenges of the depth by using more sophisticated tools: c c nhà khoa học ngày vượt qua thử th ch độ sâu việc sử dụng công cụ phức tạp complicated (a) phức tạp worldly (a) trải experienced(a) có kinh nghiệm aware(a) nhận thức Chọn A 26 Ta có cụm từ "day in day out" = days follow one another có nghĩa ngày tiếp nối ngày (liền mạch) Cụm với “every single day” nghĩa ngày “every two days” nghĩa hai ngày lần =) A 27 Verbal (a) thuộc lời nói = using speech Gesture (n) cử =) B 28 Dịch câu: Mỗi năm khoảng 500 loài động thực vật bị loại bỏ Drop (v) rơi, giảm >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 66 Remove(v) loại bỏ Kick(v) đ Toss (v) tung, ném, hất=) B 29 Dịch câu: Con tàu thăm dò vũ trụ Mariner gửi truyền lại 7000 ảnh Hỏa Ở không chọn A C nghĩa dịch ( “circulate” (v): tuần hoàn, lưu thông; “submit” (v): giao nộp ) Convey(v) truyền đạt ( thông tin) Ở chọn “ transmitted” nghĩa truyền ( tín hiệu) EXERCISE 66 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÔNG DU LẦN - 2016 31.C – acceptance (sự đồng ý) >< refusal (sự từ chối) 32 D – celibate (không kết hôn) >< married (đã kết hôn) 33 B – conscientiously (chu toàn) >< irresponsibly (vô trách nhiệm) 57 C – go up = increase (Tăng lên) 58 B – go against = oppose (Chống lại) 59 A – because of = on account of (bởi vì, vì) EXERCISE 67 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÔNG HÀ LẦN 1- 2016 A To wear off = stop being effective: trở nên vô tác dụng B At random = at will: tùy ý, cách ngẫu nhiên At stake: lâm nguy; at once: lập tức; at hand: tới B Irrespective = regardless of: bất kể, không kể 43 B Secure: bảo mật, an toàn >< unsure: không chắn Uninterested: không hứng thú; slow: chậm; open: mở 44 A Abundance: nhiều, phong phú >< small quantity: số lượng EXERCISE 68 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÔNG SƠN LẦN - 2016 31 p n: B Speed up >< slow down: chậm lại turn down= vặn nhỏ lại, lie down= cam chịu 32 p n: C Generous>< mean: ích kỷ amicable= thân thiện, kind= tốt bụng, hospitable= mến khách 43 p n: B >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 67 Coarse= thô, rough= xù xì, strong= chắn, stiff = cứng, refined= trong, 44 p n: A Core= cốt lõi, central= trung tâm, advanced= tiên tiến, important= quan trọng, chief= 45 p n: C Diverse= different= khác biệt, recognized = nhận ra, acknowledged= hiểu biết, critical= trích EXERCISE 69 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT EA ROK 2016 25 p n: A Temporary = tạm thời, permanent = lâu dài, guess= đo n, complicate= làm phức tạp, soak= thấm nước 26 p n: C Friendly= amicable =thân thiện, hostile= thù địch, inapplicable= p dụng, fultile= vô ích 27 p n: C Provide= supply = cung cấp, raise= tăng lên, produce= sản xuất, reserve = để dành 28 p n: D Eject= exclude= ngăn chặn, advance= tiến lên, sprint= chạy nước rút, play= chơi 29 p n: B Establish= set up= thành lập, come around= vòng, make out= hiểu, put on= mặc vào EXERCISE 70 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT HẢI LĂNG LẦN 2- 2016 35 p n: C At a loose end= nhàn rỗi, occupied= bận rộn, reluctant= miễn cưỡng, confident= tự tin 36 p n: C Actual= thực tế, hypothetical= mang tính giả thuyết, imitate= giống với 37 p n: A A tiny cog in a vast machine= b nh nhỏ guồng m y lớn ( nghĩa bóng: giữ địa vị nhỏ m y) -> người không quan trọng 38 p n: C >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 68 Able and efficient= competent= có khả năng, trustworthy= reliable= đ ng tin cậy 39 p n: D Rude= impolite=vô lễ, không lịch EXERCISE 71 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT HÀN THUYÊN LẦN -2016 p n: C Negnect= bỏ bê, punish= phạt, blame= đổ lỗi, take care of= quan tâm, disregard= không để ý p n: B Quiet= trầm tính, load= ầm ĩ, talkative= hay nói, many-mounth= nhiều lời, noisy= ồn 22 p n: B Adequate= đầy đủ, dependable= đ ng tin cậy, sufficient= đủ, varied= đa dạng, healthful= mạnh khỏe 23 p n: C Rather than= là, in addition to= thêm vào đó, such as= ví dụ như, instead of= thay vì, as a replacement for= thay cho 24 p n: C Diet= thực đơn, study of longevity, Schedule of exercise= kế hoạch tập luyện, Nutritional plan= chế độ dinh dưỡng, Medicinal chart= ph p đồ chữa trị EXERCISE 72 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT HỒNG LÍNH 2016 25-C “roughly” = “approximately”: xấp xỉ, khoảng chừng 26-D “combination” = “merger”: s p nhập, hoà lẫn, trộn vào 27-D “items used in the recipe” = “ingredients”: nguyên liệu, thành phần dùng công thức (nấu ăn) 28-A “accidentally” (Adv): c ch tình cờ,bất ngờ; tr i nghĩa “intentionally”: có chủ đích, cố ý 29-C “put me off the meal” = “made me unable to eat the meal”: ăn nữa; tr i >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 69 nghĩa “made me want to eat the meal a lot”: muốn ăn nhiều EXERCISE 73 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT LỤC NGẠN SỐ - 2016 p n: D Compulsory : bắt buộc >< optional: tùy ý, academic = học thuật, fee- paying: phải trả phí, required = yêu cầu p n: A Concern = lo lắng >< easy = thả lỏng, attraction= ý, consideration = xem xét, popularity= phổ biến 63 p n: D Reflection = phản chiếu, image= hình ảnh, imagination= tưởng tượng, bone= xương, face= mặt Từ “image” hợp lý 64 p n: B Verbal= lời using speech= dùng lời nói, using verb= dùng động từ, using gesture = dùng cử chỉ, using facial expression= dùng biểu mặt EXERCISE 74 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT LÝ CHÍNH THẮNG 2016 Question 30 D “impede” = “prevent”: cản trở, ngăn trở Question 31 A Cụm “take my hat off to” = “respect”: tôn trọng, kính trọng Question 32 B “controlled by law” = “restricted”: bị giới hạn, bị kiểm so t Question 53 A “generous”: hào phóng, tr i nghĩa “mean”: bần tiện, bủn xỉn Question 54 A “innocent”: vô tội, tr i nghĩa “guilty”: có tội >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 70 EXERCISE 75 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT LÝ THƯỜNG KIỆT- BÌNH THUẬN 2016 25 A “all at one” = “suddenly”: đột ngột, bất ngờ 26 C “shop around” = “go to several different shops to compare prices”: c c cửa hàng kh c để so s nh gi cả, nhằm tìm đồ ưng ý nhất/gi tốt 27 B “concord” = “harmony”: hoà thuận, hoà hợp 33 A “pessimist”: người bi quan Tr i nghĩa “optimist”: người lạc quan 34 D “spacious”: rộng rãi, có nhiều không gian Tr i nghĩa “cramped”: chật h p, túng EXERCISE 76 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT NGÔ GIA TỰ LẦN - 2016 35 A “conspicuous” = easily seen: dễ thấy, dễ nhận 36 A “gone up, then gome down, then gone up” = fluctuated: dao động, lên xuống thất thường 37 A “didn’t bat an eye ( eyelid / eyelash)” = didn’t show surprise: thản nhiên, ngạc nhiên 53 D Cụm “Do take your weight off your leg” (Làm trọng lượng bạn khỏi chân bạn) = sit down: ngồi xuống Tr i nghĩa stand up 54 C “tactful”: khéo xử, có tài xử trí Tr i nghĩa discourteous: bất lịch EXERCISE 77 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT NGÔ SĨ LIÊN LẦN – 2016 23 p n: D Adverse= chống đối>< favorable= tán thành, encouraging = khuyến khích, additional= thêm vào, sensible= hợp lý 24 p n: B Practically= virtually= gần như>< hardly= gần không, usually= thường xuyên, exactly= xác EXERCISE 78 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT NGÔ SĨ LIÊN LẦN - BẮC NINH- 2016 A Numerous = a lot of = nhiều >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 71 D Compulsory = required = mang tính bắt buộc, bị bắt buộc B Verbal = using speech = lời, sử dụng lời nói 25 C Well-behaved = ngoan ngoãn, cư xử tốt, mực >< behaving improperly = cư xử không tốt 26 D Punctuality = >< being late = muộn EXERCISE 79 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT NGUYỄN HUỆ- PHÚ YÊN 2016 40 D “distract” = “disturb”: làm tập trung, làm phiền 41 B Cụm “up to one’s ears”= “very busy”: vô bận rộn 42 C “reflect” = “show”: phản chiếu, phản ánh, cho thấy… 43 D “affluent”: dồi dào, sung túc, giàu có… Tr i nghĩa “poor”: nghèo, ít, kém… 44 B “Take one’s time”: từ từ, bình tĩnh Tr i nghĩa “Hurry”: nhanh chóng EXERCISE 80 ĐỀ THI THỬ THTP NGUYỄN TRÃI- BA ĐÌNH- HÀ NỘI 2016 23 B “because of” = “on account of” (bởi vì) + danh từ/cụm danh từ 24 B “exponentially” = at a very fast rate: tăng theo cấp số mũ, tăng nhanh 25 C >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 72 “impeded” = prevented: ngăn trở, cản trở 26 C “exactly”: cách xác Tr i nghĩa “wrongly”: c ch sai sót, không 27 D “vary”: thay đổi, biến đổi Tr i nghĩa stayed unchanged: giữ nguyên, không đổi EXERCISE 81 ĐỀ THI THỬ THTP NÔNG CỐNG- THANH HÓA 2016 21 D “compulsory”: tính bắt buộc, tr i nghĩa “optional”: tự chọn, không bắt buộc 22 B “optimistic”: lạc quan, tr i nghĩa “pesimistic”: bi quan 42 D “primary” = “first”: bản, 43 D “establish” = “set up”: thiết lập, cài đặt, dựng nên 44 D “host” = “organize”: tổ chức, chủ trì EXERCISE 82 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT PHẠM CÔNG BÌNH LẦN 4- 2016 14 C Outstanding = remarkable : bật 15 C Turn up: xuất tương đương với arrive: đến 16 D minute by minute = very rapidly 19 B Speed up: nhanh lên >< slow down: chậm lại 20 B Optional: tự chọn >< mandatory: bắt buộc EXERCISE 83 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT PHẠM QUANG THẮM – THÁI BÌNH 2016 24 p n C the entire day = all day long: ngày, suốt ngày dài 25 p n D well-known = famous: tiếng C c từ lại: rich: giàu; successful: thành công; honest: thật >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 73 26 p n B spare = free: rảnh rỗi C c từ lại: enjoyable: thú vị; quiet: yên tĩnh; busy: bận EXERCISE 84 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT PHÙNG HƯNG 2016 30 C Ultimately = In the final analysis: Cuối 31 C Diplomatic = tactful: khéo léo 32 D Accentuate = emphasize: nhấn mạnh 33 B Be arrogant – kiêu ngạo >< be humble – khiêm tốn 34 C Integrate: kết nối >< separate: chia rẽ EXERCISE 85 ĐỀ THU THỬ THPT SÔNG LÔ 2016 25 D “initiate” = “start” “begin”: bắt đầu, khởi đầu 26 A “not in working condition” = “out of order”: hỏng hóc, không hoạt động TR nh nhầm lẫn với out of work: thất nghiệp, không việc làm 27 B “potent” = “powerful”: mạnh, hiệu 33 A “pessimist”: người bi quan Tr i nghĩa optimist: người lạc quan 34 C “speed up” (v): tăng tốc Tr i nghĩa “slow down”: chậm lại EXERCISE 86 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT CAO NGUYÊN 2016 23 C “life expectancy” = “span”: tuổi thọ trung bình, khoảng thời gian đời người 24 B “irrigation” = “supplying water”: tưới tiêu, cung cấp nước 25 D “insights” = “deep understanding”: thấu hiểu, hiểu biết sâu sắc 26 C “discourtesy” : bất lịch sự, khiếm nhã Tr i nghĩa politeness: lễ phép, lịch >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 74 27 D “invertebrates”: động vật không xương sống, xương sống Tr i nghĩa with backbones: có xương sống EXERCISE 87 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT THUẬN THÀNH- BẮC NINH 2016 11 C Meaningful = Important = có ý nghĩa quan trọng Sad = sorrowful = buồn 12 D Devoted = dedicated = nhiệt huyết, tận tâm 13 D Segregation = separation = chia cắt 14 C Devise smt = Invent smt = s ng tạo c i 15 D Weary = annoyed = khó chịu, bị làm phiền 16 C Redundant = unnecessary = thừa thãi, không cần thiết 17 D Stand-ins = substitutes = phương n thay 18 B Barely = hardly = không 19 A Heavenly = out-of-this-world = tuyệt vời EXERCISE 88 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT BỘ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO 1/7/2016 25 A “turn down” = “reject”: từ chối 26 A “discharge” = “release”: thải 27 B “bridge the gap” = “reduce the differences”: giảm thiểu khác biệt 43 B “detrimental”: có hại Tr i nghĩa “harmless”: vô hại, hại 44 C “envy”: ghen tỵ, mong muốn Tr i nghĩa “something that nobody wants”: điều mà không muốn EXERCISE 89 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT YÊN LẠC LẦN 2- 2016 >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 75 25 A Visit = call on = tới thăm 26 A Take my hat off to smb = respect to = tôn trọng, ngưỡng mộ 27 C Wipe out = destroy completely = xóa sổ, hủy hoại hoàn toàn 53 B To be disgusted at smt = Chán ghét >< To be delighted at smt = Vui 54 D To be obliged to V = bị bắt buộc phải làm >< To be optional to V = lựa chọn làm EXERCISE 90 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT VŨNG TÀU 2016 11 A – indispensable (rất quan trọng) >< unessential (không quan trọng, không cần thiết) 12 A – relieve (làm dịu, cấp nước) >< evaporate (làm bốc hơi) 62 D – required = necessary (cần thiết, yêu cầu) 63 D – seat = center (trung tâm) 64 C – whet = sharpen (mài sắc) EXERCISE 91 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT ĐÀO DUY TỪ LẦN 10- 2016 C Traditional= customary: theo truyền thống B Eliminate = destroy: loại bỏ, phá hủy B Epoch = period: kỷ nguyên, thời kỳ A Tolerate: khoan dung ≠ look down on: tự cao B A chance: tình cờ ≠ deliberate: cố ý EXERCISE 92 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT PHAN BỘI CHÂU LẦN 3- 2016 A.significant = considerable: đ ngkể indispensable: khôngthểthiếuđược excessive: quámức, thừA insubstantial: ítỏi proximity to = Nearness to = close to: gần, xấpxỉ Cut down = decrease: giảm Cease + Ving: ngừng Conceit : kiêucăng>< modest: khiêmtốn Starving: đói>< full: no, đủ >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 76 EXERCISE 93 ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT HỒNG QUANG LẦN 2- 2016 A Bring some to = revive someone: làm tỉnh lại D Conspicuous = easily seen: dễ nhìn thấy B Synopsis = summary: tóm tắt A Take someone’s hat off = respect: thể tôn trọng >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học To n - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 77 ... the following questions Câu 26: There were so many members of the political party who had gone against the leader that he resigned A apposed B insisted C invited D Opposed Câu 27: The most important... the following questions Câu 29: During the five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects A holding back B holding by C holding to D holding at Câu 30: She decided to remain... underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Câu 60: Certain courses are compulsory; others are optional A free B voluntary C pressure D mandatory Câu 61: She is a very generous old woman She
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