Đề thi tiếng anh đề TEST 21 MD 132

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KỲ THI THPT QUỐC GIA ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 21đề thi: 132 I PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM (64 Questions; điểm) Choose one word whose stress pattern is different Identify your answer by circling the corresponding letter Question 1: A solidarity B organize C represent D academic Question 2: A gorilla B typical C primary D nursery Question 3: A successfully B defensive C curriculum D calculation Choose one word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the rest Identify your answer by circling Question 4: A explained B disappointed C prepared D followed Question 5: A escape B especial C island D isolate Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined Question 6: Trudy felt ill at ease when she spoke in public for the first time A felt uncomfortable and embarrassed B felt difficult and lost confidence C felt challenged and inopportune D felt nausea and dizzy Question 7: The mission statement of the International Movement as formulated in the "Strategy 2010" document of the Federation is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity A weak and unprotected B poor and disabled C deaf and mute D wealthy and famous Question 8: To prepare for a job interview, you should jot down your qualifications, work experience as well as some important information about yourself A your special qualities you have B what you have earned through study C what you have experienced D your own qualities in real life Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 9: I find it hard to work at home because there are too many distractions A attentions B unawareness C unconcern D carelessness Question 10: In the first two decades of its existence, the cinema developed rapidly A shortly B sluggishly C leisurely D weakly Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction Question 11: Alike other forms of energy, natural gas may be used to heat homes, cook food, and even run automobiles A may be used B Alike C run D to heat Question 12: Although fewer Americans work on farms today, they are too productive that the U.S is now the world’s top food exporter A Although B fewer C too D top Question 13: Owing to their superior skill, highly competitive athletes have been known to win contests and break records even when suffered from injuries, physical disorders, and infections A have been known B highly competitive C when suffered D Owing to Question 14: The Federal Trade Commission, establishing in 1914, steadily increased the extent and nature of its regulation of the advertising industry A advertising B nature C establishing D steadily increased Question 15: After analyzing the steep rise in profits according to your report, it was convinced that your analyses were correct A the steep rise B analyses were correct C it was D profits according to Read the following passage and decide which answer best fits each gap Write your answer in the numbered box Voluntary work is work that you not get paid for and usually involves in doing things to help other people, especially the elderly or the sick or working on (16) _of a charity or similar organization Most charitable organizations rely on unpaid volunteers, and thousands of Americans and British people give many hours of their time to doing some form of social work or organizing - fund raising events to support the work Volunteering is especially popular in the US and the reasons this may be found in (17) _American values such as the Protestant work ethic, the idea that work improves the person who does it, and the belief that people can change their (18) _if they try hard enough In the US young people over 18 can take part in AmeriCorps, a government programme that (19) _them to work as volunteers for a period of time, with the (20) _of help in paying for their education later Older Americans who not work may spend much of their free time volunteering In Britain a lot of voluntary work is directed towards supporting the country’s social services The WRVS and other organizations run a meals- on- wheels service in many parts of Britain, (21) _hot food for old people who are (22) _to cook for themselves The nationwide Citizens Advice Bureau, which offers free advice to the public (23) _ a wide range of issues, is run (24) _by volunteers, and the Blood Transfusion Service relies on voluntary blood donors to give blood for use in hospitals Political parties use volunteers at election time, and Churches depend on volunteers to (25) _building clean Question 16: A behalf B basic C account D ground Question 17: A basic B primary C top D essential Question 18: A standard B nature C condition D appearance Question 19: A commissions B guides C encourages D engages Question 20: A function B reply C favour D promise Question 21: A serving B providing C selling D offering Question 22: A incapable B unable C enabled D offering Question 23: A on B with C for D through Question 24: A equally B mainly C substantially D frequently Question 25: A stay B keep C help D get Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B , C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Ethology is concerned with the study of adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its Evolutionary history Ethological theory began to be applied to research on children in the1960’s but has become even more influential today The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin Its modern foundations were laid by two European zoologists, Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen Watching the behaviors diverse animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz, and Tinbergen observed behavior patterns that promote survival The most well-known of these is imprinting, the early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to their mother and be fed and protected from danger Imprinting takes place during an early, restricted time period of development If the mother goose is not present during this time, but an object resembling her in important features is, young goslings may imprint on it instead Observations of imprinting led to major concept that has been applied in child Development” the critical period It refers to a limited times span during which the child is biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of suitably stimulating environment Many researchers have conducted studies to find out whether complex cognitive and social behaviors must be learned during restricted time periods for example, if children are deprived of adequate food or physical and social stimulation during the early years of life, will their intelligence be permanently impaired? If language is not mastered during the preschool years, is the child’s capacity to acquire it reduced? Inspired by observations of imprinting, in 1969 the British psychoanalyst John Bowl by applied ethological theory to the understanding of the relationship between an infant and its parents He argued that attachment behaviors of babies, such as smiling, babbling, grasping, and crying, are built-in social signals that encourage the parents to approach, care for, and interact with the baby By keeping a parent near, these behaviors help ensure that the baby will be fed, protected from danger, and provided with the stimulation and affection necessary for healthy growth The development of attachment in human infants is a lengthy process involving changes in psychological structures that lead to a deep affectional tie between parent and baby Question 26: What was Darwin’s contribution to ethology? A Darwin was the first person to apply ethological theory to children B Darwin’s work provided the basis for ethology C Darwin was the professor who taught Lorenz and Tinbergen D Darwin improved on the original principles of ethology Question 27: The word “diverse” is closest in meaning to A small B wild C varied D particular Question 28: The word “ensures” is closest in meaning to A assumes B guarantees C proves D teaches Question 29: According to the passage, if a mother goose is not present during the time period when imprinting takes place, which of the following will most likely occur? A The mother will later imprint on the gosling B The gosling may not find a mate when it matures C The gosling will not imprint on any object D The gosling may imprint on another object Question 30: The word “it” refers to A time B object C development D goose Question 31: The word “suitably” is closest in meaning to A moderately B appropriately C willingly D emotionally Question 32: The author mentions all of the following as attachment behaviors of human infants EXCEPT A smiling B crying C eating D grasping Question 33: According to the passage, attachment behaviors of infants are intended to A prepare the infant to cope with separation B provide the infant with a means of self-stimulation C allow the infant to become imprinted on objects that resemble the parent D get the physical, emotional and social needs of the infant met Question 34: The phrase “affectional tie” is closest in meaning to A behavioral change B psychological need C cognitive development D emotional attachment Question 35: It can be inferred from the passage that ethological theory assumes that A failure to imprint has no influence on intelligence B to learn about human behavior only human subjects should be studied C there are similarities between animal and human behavior D the notion of critical periods applies only to animals Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B , C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions The biologist's role in society as well as his moral and ethical responsibility in the discovery and development of new ideas has led to a reassessment of his social and scientific value systems A scientist can no longer ignore the consequences of his discoveries; he is as concerned with the possible misuses of his findings as he is with the basic research in which he is involved This emerging social and political role of the biologist and all other scientists requires a weighing of values that cannot be done with the accuracy or the objectivity of a laboratory balance As a member of society, it is necessary for a biologist now to redefine his social obligations and his functions, particularly in the realm of making judgments about such ethical problems as man's control of his environment or his manipulation of genes to direct further evolutionary development As a result of recent discoveries concerning hereditary mechanisms, genetic engineering, by which human traits are made to order, may soon be a reality As desirable as it may seem to be, such an accomplishment would entail many value judgments Who would decide, for example, which traits should be selected for change? In cases of genetic deficiencies and disease, the desirability of the change is obvious, but the possibilities for social misuse are so numerous that they may far outweigh the benefits Probably the greatest biological problem of the future, as it is of the present, will be to find ways to curb environmental pollution without interfering with man's constant effort to improve the quality of his life Many scientists believe that underlying the spectre of pollution is the problem of surplus human population A rise in population necessitates an increase in the operations of modern industry, the waste products of which increase the pollution of air, water, and soil The question of how many people the resources of the Earth can support is one of critical importance Although the solutions to these and many other problems are yet to be found, they indicate the need for biologists to work with social scientists and other members of society in order to determine the requirements necessary for maintaining a healthy and productive planet For although many of man's present and future problems may seem to be essentially social, political, or economic in nature, they have biological ramifications that could affect the very existence of life itself Question 36: According to the passage, a modern scientist should be more concerned about A the consequences of his discoveries B his basic research C his manipulation of genes D the development of new ideas Question 37: The pronoun "it" in paragraph refers to A genetic engineering B an accomplishment C hereditary mechanism D a reality Question 38: It is implied in the passage that genetic engineering A will change all human traits B is no longer desirable C is the most desirable for life D may us more harm than good Question 39: The pronoun "they" in paragraph refers to A possibilities for genetic deficiencies B cases of genetic deficiencies C discoveries concerning hereditary mechanisms D effects of genetic engineering misuse Question 40: What is probably the most important biological problem mentioned in the passage? A environmental pollution B manipulation of genes C genetic engineering misuse D social and economic deficiencies Question 41: The word "which" in paragraph refers to A the waste products dumped into our environment B serious environmental pollution C activities of surplus human population D activities of an overpopulated society's industry Question 42: The word "underlying" in paragraph could best be replaced by " " A causing B depriving C finding D noticing Question 43: According to the passage, to save our planet, biologists should work A with other social scientists B accurately and objectively C on social and political purposes D harder and harder Question 44: Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "ramifications" in paragraph 4? A effective techniques B latest developments C harmful consequences D useful experiments Question 45: What is the author's purpose in this passage? A To urge biologists to solve the problem of surplus human population B To conduct a survey of the biologist's role in society C To advise biologists to carry out extensive research into genetic engineering D To emphasize the biologist's role in solving the world's problems Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 46: It is essential that Alice about his responsibilities in the meeting tomorrow A must remind B will be reminded C will remind D be reminded Question 47: Having recently bought a laptop computer,………… A it must have cost him more than $2000 B His E-mails reach him wherever he is C he can now take his work with him wherever he goes D there is no need for him to worry about its being stolen Question 48: “ Have you heard Nick has just been awarded his PhD?” “ Yes, but intelligent………….he is, he has no basic common sense” A whereas B although C though D however Question 49: It’s hard to ……………on less than a million a month A make a mess B make up your mind C make a fuss D make ends meet Question 50: My brother is a very………… character; he is never relaxed with stranger A self-confident B self-conscious C self- satisfied D self-absorbed Question 51: Do you know the man about _ they’re talking? A whom B whose C that D which Question 52: _ that gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill and that the California Gold Rush began A Because in 1848 B It was in 1848 C In 1848 that it was D That in 1848 Question 53: Have you really got no money _the fact that you've had a part-time job this term? A in case B although C despite of D in spite of Question 54: How boring the lecture was! I …………….just in the first half of it A made for B dropped off C fell out D patched up Question 55: ………….than the runner on first base started running towards second base A Seeing that the bases were loaded B Hardly had the bases been loaded C By the time the bases were loaded D No sooner had the bases been loaded Question 56: He failed to call his mother and say goodbye because his telephone was……… A out of work B out of control C out of reach D out of order Question 57: In the middle of the blue river A does a tiny violet flower emerge B did a tiny violet flower emerge C emerge a tiny violet flower D emerged a tiny violet flower Question 58: Thanh and Nadia is talking about their classmate Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange Thanh: “Lan’s the best singer in our school.” Nadia: “ ” A I can’t agree with you more! B Yes, please C That’s OK! D Yes, tell me about it! Question 59: - Lan and Mai was taking about their study at school Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange Mai: “I thought your English skill was a lot better, Lan.” Lan “ _” A Thank you I’d love to B Yes, please Just a little C No, thanks I think I can it D You’ve got to be kidding I thought it was bad Question 60: Your hair needs You’d better have it done tomorrow A to cut B being cut C cutting D cut Question 61: …….it not been for the intolerable heat in the hall, they would have stayed much longer A If B Should C Had D But Question 62: Alone in the house at night without electricity, I was on ………… A heart and soul B on and off C ups and downs D pins and needles Question 63:… …, James fedimme Cooper wrote about Indians and pioneers in the forest and sailors on the high seas A The first American novelist to achieve world-wide fame B Although he was the first American novelist to achieve world-wide fame C The first American novelist achieving world-wide fame D He was the first American novelist to achieve world-wide fame Question 64: Dick _ a moustache, but he doesn't any more He shaved it off because his wife didn't like it A got used to have B is used to have C used to have D used to having II PHẦN TỰ LUẬN ( điểm) Part I Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it (0.5 điểm) Question 65:.It is said that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built over a 20-year period → The Great Pyramid of Giza ……………………………………………………… Question 66: John has not seen his father since six months ago → The last time Question 67: This computer is so old that it’s not worth keeping → This is……………………………………………………………………………… Question 68: He did not pass his driving test until he was nearly 30 → It was ……………………………………………………………………………… Question 69: The motorcyclist rounded the corner at a quite unbelievable speed → The speed ………………………………………………………………………… Part II In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the person you respect most (1,5 điểm) ... especially popular in the US and the reasons this may be found in (17) _American values such as the Protestant work ethic, the idea that work improves the person who does it, and the belief that people... services The WRVS and other organizations run a meals- on- wheels service in many parts of Britain, (21) _hot food for old people who are (22) _to cook for themselves The nationwide Citizens Advice... commissions B guides C encourages D engages Question 20: A function B reply C favour D promise Question 21: A serving B providing C selling D offering Question 22: A incapable B unable C enabled D offering
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