Đề thi tiếng anh đề TEST 12

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KỲ THI THPT QUỐC GIA ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 12 PART Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions Question 1: A specific B musical C athlete D ordinary Question 2: A purchase B project C protect D produce Question 3: A rhinoceros B concentrate C comfortable D literature Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose bold and underlined part is pronounced differently from others Question 4: A muddy B punctual C studious D culture Question 5: A determine B examine C valentine D heroine Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 6: Two of the books which Tom lost on the bus to the main desk at his room A return B was returned C returned D were returned Question 7: You’d better resign before they find out about what you A had done B were done C have done D were doing Question 8: Although one of his ships succeeded in sailing all the way back to Spain through the Cape of Good Hope, Magellan never completed the first circumnavigation of the world, and A most of his crew didn’t too B neither most of his crew did C most of his crew didn’t also D neither did most of his crew Question 9: In the first year of the English Literature programme, the core subjects were The development of the novel and Contemporary poetry A academic B compulsory C study D optional Question 10: The families were told to evacuate their houses immediately A at the time when the water began to go up B when the water began to rise C when up was going the water D in the time when the water raised Question 11: “What kinds of music you like, Mary?” – “ ” A You really guess so B Well, I guess I’m really into jazz C Hmm, no, I don’t really like Westerns D Concert Question 12: “Could you fill it up, please? - “ ” A Where? Of course not B Not at all I’ll fill the oil for you C Sure Shall I check the oil as well?” D Certainly My job is to fill in the application Question 13: It is a very day The weather is so nice and cool A pleasing B pleased C pleasant D pleasurable Question 14: The people of Western Canada have been considering themselves from the rest of the provinces A separating B separated C to separate D separate Question 15: She passed the university entrance exam made her parents proud A what B when C who D which Question 16: Because of his poor health, it took him a long time to his bad cold A throw over B throw off C throw away D throw down Question 17: The hut is said to be haunted A at the foot of the hill B in the foot of the hill C by the foot of the hill D with the foot of the hill Question 18: Mrs.Brown had her bicycle yesterday A repairing B repair C repaired D be repaired Question 19: They might have told us the way we hadn’t left in such a hurry way A or B unless C when D if Question 20: He is a clever mimic most of the lecturers in his college A who can take in B who can take off C which can take over D which can take up Question 21: The pay was not brilliant but I could and there were many aspects of the job that I enjoyed A earn high salary B a living C get high salary D make a living Question 22: Many natural resources by the end of the century A had disappeared B have disappeared C disappeared D will have disappeared Question 23: Having been selected to represent the Association of American Engineers at the International Convention, A the members applauded him B a speech had to be given by him C he gave a short acceptance speech D the members congratulated him Question 24: I’m not surprised she changed her mind the last moment A on B at C in D for Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 25: Humans (A) have done (B) great advances (C) in technology at the expense (D) of the environment A have done B at the expense C advances D humans Question 26: There was (A) a gradual raise (B) in the number of (C) literate males and females in the Lowlands (D) A in the Lowlands B was C raise D the number of Question 27: For the first time in the history of the country, the person who recommended (A) by the president to replace (B) a retired justice (C) on the Supreme Court is (D) a woman A is B a retired justice C to replace D who recommended Question 28: It is interested (A) to compare the early stylized (B) art forms of ancient (C) civilizations with (D) the modern abstract forms of art A ancient B interested C early stylized D with Question 29: The latest medical report (A) indicated that the patient’s temperature was near normal (B) and their (C) lungs were partially (D) cleared A partially B near normal C their D latest medical report Mark the letter A,B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 30: In the early days of baseball, the game was played by young men of means and social position A with ambition B with money C with skill D with equipment Question 31: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps, it has taken brilliant thinkers to recognize their potential A misunderstandings B accidents C misfortunes D incidentals Question 32: The yearly growth of the gross national product is often used as an indicator of a nation's economy A annual B Irrefutable C Tentative D routine Question 33: It is better to try to change things than to complain about them A) ramble B) straddle C) grumble D) dangle Question 34: The superintendent was the principal speaker at the school board meeting A) only B) main C) outstanding D) strongest Read the following passage, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Loneliness is a curious thing Most of us can remember feeling most lonely when we were not in fact alone at all, but when we were surrounded by people Everyone has experienced, at some time, that utter sense of isolation that comes over you when you are at a party, in a room full of happy laughing people, or in an audience at a theatre or a lecture It suddenly seems to you as if everybody knows everybody else, everybody is sure of himself, everybody knows what is going on; everybody, that is, except you This feeling of loneliness which can overcome you when are in a crowd is very difficult to get rid of People living alone - divorced, widowed or single people - are advised to tackle their loneliness by joining a club or society, by going out and meeting people Does this really help? And what you if you are already surrounded by people? There are no easy solutions Your first day at work, or at a new school or university, is a typical situation in which you are likely to feel lonely You feel lonely because you feel left out of things You feel that everybody else is full of confidence and knows what to do, but you are adrift and helpless The fact of the matter is that, in order to survive, we all put on a show of self-confidence to hide our uncertainties and doubts So it is wrong to assume that you are alone In a big city it is particularly easy to get the feeling that everybody except you is leading a full, rich, busy life Everybody is going somewhere, and you tend to assume that they are going somewhere nice and interesting, where they can find life and fulfillment You are also going somewhere, and there is no reason at all to believe that your destination is any less, or, for that matter, any more exciting than the next man's The trouble is that you may not be able to hide the fact that you are lonely, and the miserable look on your face might well put people off After all, if you are at a party you are not likely to try to strike up a conversation with a person who has a gloomy expression on his face and his lips turned down at the comers So trying to look reasonably cheerful is a good starting point in combating loneliness, even if you are choking inside The next thing to avoid is finding yourself in a group where in fact you are a stranger, that is, in the sort of group where all the other people already know each other There is a natural tendency for people to stick together, to form 'cliques' You will yourself no good by trying to establish yourself in a group which has so far managed to very well without you Groups generally resent intrusion, not because they dislike you personally, but because they have already had to work quite hard to turn the group into the functioning unit To include you means having to go over a lot of ground again, so that you can learn their language, as it was, and get involved in their conversation at their level Of course if you can offer something the group needs, such as expert information, you can get in quickly In fact the surest way of getting to know others is to have an interest in common with them There is no guarantee that you will then like each other, but at least part of your life will be taken up with sharing experiences with others It is much better than always feeling alone If all this seems to be a rather pessimistic view of life, you have to accept the fact that we are all alone when it comes down to it When the most loving couple in the world kiss and say goodnight, as soon as the husband falls asleep, the wife realizes that she is alone, that her partner is as far away as if he were on another planet But it is no cause for despair: there is always tomorrow Question 35: The usual advice for overcoming loneliness is to A join a club B avoid crowds C try to forget everything D get married Question 36: People who have formed a group tend to A refuse to talk with newcomers B be rude to newcomers C be interested in newcomers D ignore newcomers Question 37: You can feel isolated at a party because A Everyone else feels at home B You think that everyone else is arrogant C Nobody smiles at you D You think that other people are laughing at you Question 38: In a city it is easy to believe that other people A have a better job than you B have more money than you C lead a more interesting life than you D are too busy to talk to you Question 39: Other people are unlikely to want to talk to you if A you interrupt their conversation B you tell them that you are feeling lonely C you talk too much D you look miserable Question 40: When we start a new job, we try to hide our sense of loneliness by trying to A our job very well B be as friendly as possible with other people C appear sure of ourselves D look cheerful Question 41: The reason that people who have formed a group resent intrusion is that they A have already got enough people B not like miserable-looking people C would have to make an effort to include you D think that you have nothing interesting to say Question 42: According to the writer, if you have an interest in common with other people you are likely to A become friends with them B get to know them well C get over your loneliness D spend most of your time with them Question 43: The word “fulfillment” in the passage is closest meaning to A improvement B contentedness C ambition D expectation Question 44: In order to join an established group you would need to be able to A speak very carefully and clearly B get someone to introduce you C become an expert D understand what they were talking about Read the following passage, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Alexis de Tocqueville, the French political scientist, historian, philosopher and politician, is most famous for a four-volume book he wrote called “Democracy in America” He came to America in 1831 to study the American form of democracy and what it might mean to the rest of the world After a visit of only nine months, he wrote a remarkable book which is regarded as a classic De Tocqueville had unusual powers of observation He described not only the democratic system of government and how it operated, but also its effect on how Americans think, feel, and act Many scholars believe he had a deeper understanding of traditional American beliefs and values than anyone else who has written about the United States What is so remarkable is that many of these traits which he observed nearly 200 years ago, are still visible and meaningful today His observations are also important because the timing of his visit, the 1830s, was before America was industrialized This was the era of the small farmer, the small businessman, and the settling of the western frontier It was the period of history when the traditional values of the new country were newly established In just a generation, some 40 years since the adoption of the U.S Constitution, the new form of government had already produced a society of people with unique values He was, however, a neutral observer and saw both the good and bad sides of these qualities The first part of “Democracy in America” was written in 1831-32 and published in 1835 A highly positive and optimistic account of American government and society, the book was very well received He attempted to get a glimpse of the essence of American society, all the while promoting his own philosophy: the equaling of the classes and the inevitable depth of aristocratic privilege The rest of the book he labored on for four years, and in 1840 the second part was published This was substantially more pessimistic than the first, warning of the dangers despotism and governmental centralization, and applying his ideas and criticisms more directly to France As a result, it was not received as well as the first part, except in England where it was acclaimed highly Question 45: The phrase “these traits” refers to A observations B how Americans think, feel, and act C traditional American beliefs and values D visible and meaningful observations Question 46: What is the passage primarily about? A the progress achieved in America within about 40 years after adoption of the U.S Constitution B “Democracy in America” C Alexis de Tocqueville D the impact of the book “Democracy in America” Question 47: The word “unique” in the passage is closest in meaning to A clearly identifiable B outstanding C unmatched D positive Question 48: According to the passage, when did de Tocqueville visit America? A 1831 B 1830s C 1831-32 D 1835 Question 49: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A the English don’t like the French B the book was most important because it was the first time that American values had been clearly documented C de Tocqueville was a slow writer D de Tocqueville was primarily motivated by an interest in his own country Question 50: According to the passage, “Democracy in America” consisted of how many volumes? A three B one C two D four Question 51: Which of the following is true, according to the passage? A the visit lasted only five months B the visit coincided with American industrialization C the first part was published in 1835; the second part in 1840 D the second part was more optimistic than the first Question 52: What in the passage is mentioned as being truly remarkable? A the book was so detailed and thorough after only such a comparatively short visit B de Tocqueville’s powers of observation C many of his observations are still visible and meaningful today D that the second volume should be so pessimistic in comparison with the first Question 53: All of the following fields of professional interest and activity are used to describe de Tocqueville EXCEPT A politician B political scientist C philosopher D author Question 54: The word “neutral” in the passage is closest in meaning to A impartial B important C thorough D careful Read the following passage, and mark the letter (A, B, C or D) on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks The importance of introductions is not merely the provision of a name No one (61) what your name actually is, unless it really is something devastatingly unusual, in which case it may serve as a conversation starter Most, as (62) as it may be, will forget it almost instantly In its barest form, an introduction is the accepted method (63) which the introducer, who knows the two people to be introduced, vouches for the character of the introducer by having a (64) acquaintance The level of (65) with which the introducer takes on the task is indicative of the relationship between the introducer and the newcomer, so if you are the one saddled with the task, take it on with gusto The newcomer will be delighted you think so (66) of them and anyone to which you make the introduction will immediately believe the person to whom they are being introduced is worthy of (67) time and conversational skills Occasionally, the go- between will forget to (68) At this point, if you are a friend of the go- between, the kindest thing to is to loudly and jokingly force him or her into an introduction of the (69) The go- between should, at this point, apologize emphatically for their (70) and make a greater effort to incorporate them into conversation Question 55: A cares B understands C knows D notices Question 56: A quick B polite C diplomatic D rude Question 57: A by B with C through D on Question 58: A simple B front C prior D subsequent Question 59: A attention B enthusiasm C communication D knowledge Question 60: A highly B lowly C low D high Question 61: A his B their C your D her Question 62: A introduce B recommend C nod D shake Question 63: A interpreter B starter C leaver D newcomer Question 64: A misbehavior B mistake C misguide D misunderstanding PART II A Question 65: But for his father’s early retirement, Peter would not have taken over the family business Peter only took ……………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 66: We had planned to walk right round the lake, but the heavy rain made this impossible The heavy rain nearly prevented ……………………………………………………………………………… Question 67: She has always had a good relationship with the children She has always got ………………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 68: The coffee was not strong It didn’t keep us awake The coffee was ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 69: Although he was very tired, he agreed to help me with my homework Tired …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… B In about 140 words, write a paragraph to discuss the topic: “Should online games be banned?” ... 29: The latest medical report (A) indicated that the patient’s temperature was near normal (B) and their (C) lungs were partially (D) cleared A partially B near normal C their D latest medical
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