Đề thi tiếng anh đề TEST 1

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Ngày đăng: 08/09/2017, 15:21

KỲ THI THPT QUỐC GIA ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions Question A agriculture B temporary C secretary D electronic Question A consequence B influence C hurricane D museum Question A collective B abundant C regional D climatic Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question NUCLEAR WEAPONS It is generally well known that in a number of particularly dangerous parts of the world, for example the Middle East and the India/ Pakistan border region, there are countries which either possess or have the technology to produce nuclear weapons It is also worth remembering, however, that the country which possesses more nuclear weapons than any other, the United States, is the only power ever to have used nuclear weapons against people Nuclear weapons were first developed in the United States during the Second World War, to be used against Germany However, by the time the first bombs were ready for use, the war with Germany had ended and, as a result, the decision was made to use the weapons against Japan instead Hiroshima and Nagasaki have suffered the consequences of this decision to the present day The real reasons why bombs were dropped on two heavily-populated cities are not altogether clear A number of people in 1944 and early 1945 argued that the use of nuclear weapons would be unnecessary, since American Intelligence was aware that some of the most powerful and influential people in Japan had already realized that the war was lost, and wanted to negotiate a Japanese surrender It was also argued that, since Japan has few natural resources, a blockade by the American navy would force it to surrender within a few weeks, and the use of nuclear weapons would thus prove unnecessary If a demonstration of force was required to end the war, a bomb could be dropped over an unpopulated area like a desert, in front of Japanese observers, or over an area of low population inside Japan, such as a forest Opting for this course of action might minimize the loss of further lives on all sides, while the power of nuclear weapons would still be adequately demonstrated All of these arguments were rejected, however, and the general consensus was that the quickest way to end the fighting would be to use nuclear weapons against centres of population inside Japan In fact, two of the more likely reasons why this decision was reached seem quite shocking to us now Since the beginning of the Second World War, both Germany and Japan had adopted a policy of genocide (i.e killing as many people as possible, including civilians) Later on, even the US and Britain had used the strategy of fire bombing cities (Dresden and Tokyo, for example) in order to kill, injure and intimidate as many civilians as possible Certainly, the general public in the West had become used to hearing about the deaths of large numbers of people, so the deaths of another few thousand Japanese, who were the enemy in any case, would not seem particular unacceptable- a bit of “justifiable” revenge for the Allies’own losses, perhaps The second reason is not much easier to comprehend Some of the leading scientists in the world had collaborated to develop nuclear weapons, and this development had resulted in a number of major advances in technology and scientific knowledge As a result, a lot of normal, intelligent people wanted to see nuclear weapons used; they wanted to see just how destructive this new invention could be It no doubt turned out to be even more “effective” than they had imagined Question In paragraph 1, the writer is suggesting that _ A The United States could potentially use nuclear weapons again B The United States is more likely than other countries to use nuclear weapons C The United States should, if necessary, use nuclear weapons again D The United States is one of several countries to have used nuclear weapons Question Which is closest in meaning to the last sentence of paragraph 2? A The cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were badly damaged when they were bombed B The end of the war with Germany meant that Hiroshima and Nagasaki would suffer C The awful effects of dropping nuclear bombs on these cities can still be felt D Hiroshima and Nagasaki suffered because Japan would not agree to end the war Question How many reasons against using the weapons are given in paragraph 3? A four B five C two D three Question What does “this” refer to in paragraph 3? A Using a bomb against some Japanese observers or on an area of low population B Dropping a bomb in an area of low population in front of Japanese witnesses C Dropping a nuclear weapon over a forest in Japan D Blockading Japan and dropping a nuclear bomb on an area of low population Question According to paragraph 3, a blockade would have been successful because _ A the Americans could defeat Japan’s navy since it was short of resources B an attack would probably destroy Japanese resources within a few weeks C Japan has to import most of its natural resources like coal and steel D Japan would not be resourceful enough to beat a blockade Question Which of the following could best replace “natural resources” in paragraph 3? A ports and harbours B materials such as coal and iron C characteristics such as determination and resourcefulness D workers with natural ability Question 10 From the last sentence of paragraph 4, we can infer that A the real reasons for the decision may never have been made clear B the writer probably expects us not to agree with his opinion C the writer has attempted to present the facts as objectively as possible D the writer has not done much research on this subject to establish the facts Question 11 According to paragraph 5, which of the following is TRUE? A scientists thought only a few thousand people would die if the bombs were uses B it would be probably not be wise to inform people in the West of the deaths C people in the West would accept that some people had to die to end the war D people in the West had got used to hearing the sounds of people dying Question 12 The first sentence of paragraph suggests the writer believes that A The decisions were made by intelligent people and were difficult to follow B his presentation of the argument in paragraph is difficult to understand C the decisions were complex and made by highly intelligent people D the reasons given for the decision are hard for us to accept nowadays Question 13 In the last sentence of paragraph 6, the writer implies that _ A he thinks the decision to drop nuclear bombs on Japanese cities was wrong B the weapons proved to be effective because Japan surrendered soon after C he agrees with the decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan D nuclear weapons worked much better than the scientists probably expected Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 14 _, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain A However tired B Tired as he might feel C He felt very tired though D As he might feel tired Question 15 Among bees _ a highly elaborate form of communication A occur B they occur C occurs D it occurs Question 16 _ contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity A Genes which are B Genes are C Because of genes D When genes Question 17 _ with about fifteen times its weight in air does gasoline allow the carburetor to run smoothly A To mix it B It is mixed C Only when mixed D When mixed Question 18 Professor Alan insisted that every student _ their report by Friday A finished B finishes C had finished D finish Question 19 Nobody says a word about the incident, _? A don't they B they C does he D doesn't he Question 20 A large number of staff in my office English quite fluently A has spoken B speaks C is speaking D speak Question 21 Recent defeats have his confidence in himself as a player A undermined B hampered C impeded D disabled Question 22 I can't understand why you have to make such a about something so unimportant A stir B fuss C bother D mess Question 23 It is possible may assist some trees in saving water in the winter A that the loss of leaves B when leaves have lost C the leaves are lost D to lose leaves Question 24 There's someone at the door it A I answered B I answer C I'm answering D I’ll answer Question 25 A number of patients are of a certain diet A unacceptable B intolerable C unacceptable D Intolerant Question 26 We bought some A lovely old German glasses B German lovely old glasses C old lovely German glasses D German old lovely glasses Question 27 This rose was after the grower's grand-daughter A identified B renowned C named D distinguished Question 28 I hope you won't take if I tell you the truth A offence B irritation C resentment D annoyance Question 29 “ ?” “I love it It's great, especially at night.” A When you often listen to classical music? B What kind of music you like? C How often you listen to classical music? D How you like classical music? Question 30 “ ?” “Yes, 8123456” A Which is your phone number? B Are you on the phone? C May you give me your number? D Do you have a telephone? Question 31 “I'm sorry I cannot be of more help in this semester “ ” A Yes, the matter is helpless B That’s fine I understand C You are welcome D I am glad Question 32 “Let's have a break.” “ .” A Not now B Sooner C Late D Please Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word(s) SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 33 Taillevent's fame as a chef has endured since the 14th century A cook B soldier C diplomat D leader Question 34 The spectacle being planned for the next Fourth of July party is quite awesome A funny B ordinary C alarming D prodigious Question 35 It's imitation leather A expensive B valuable C natural D man-made Question 36 The drought was finally over as the fall brought in some welcome rain A aridity B harvest C heatwave D summer Question 37 Experts often forecast an upswing in an economy after a protracted slowdown A a reform B a decline C inflation D an improvement Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Beauty is in the eye of the beholder People have been debating the principles of beauty for thousands of years, but it still seems impossible to consider it objectively German philosopher Immanuel Kant (35) whether something can possess an objective property that makes it beautiful He concluded that although everyone accepts that beauty exists, no one has ever (36) on the precise criteria by which beauty may be (37) The ancient Greek philosopher Plato wrote of a scale called the ‘golden proportion’, according to which the width of the face should be two-thirds of its length, preferably (38) by a nose no longer than the distance between the eyes Symmetry has been proved to be attractive to the human (39) , so a face may seem beautiful because of the similarity between its two sides Babies spend more time looking at symmetrical faces than asymmetrical ones and symmetry is also (40) as more attractive by adults looking at photos So although there seems to be no (41) agreement or even national consensus on what (42) beauty, there is at least some agreement that facial symmetry is an important factor In the meantime, if you look at your partner and (43) them as beautiful, you can congratulate yourself with the thought that people generally end up with a partner of a (44) level of attractiveness as themselves Question 38 Question 39 Question 40 Question 41 Question 42 Question 43 Question 44 Question 45 Question 46 Question 47 A suggested A agreed A viewed A accompanied A vision A selected A community A constitutes A regard A relative B decided B written B appreciated B escorted B sight B rated B global B involves B consider B comparable C questioned C thought C judged C joined C eye C valued C universal C contains C think C comparative D argued D fixed D awarded D coupled D appearance D voted D world D comprises D believe D absolute Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs c8rrection in each of the following questions Question 48 George Gershwin was an American composer whose concert works joined the sounds of A B Jazz with them of traditional orchestration C D Question 49 As many as 50 percent of the income from motion pictures produced in the United A B States comes from marketing the films abroad C D Question 50 One or the other of the secretaries have to attend the meeting But both of them are A B C D reluctant to so Question 51 If only I was rich and famous A B C D Question 52 Far more people reside in California than in other any state A B C D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question Tequila is created from one of the hundred species of agave, which was discovered as a source of alcohol by the ancient Aztecs In the 1500s, it was used to create an alcoholic beverage called octli, which was sour and not tasty But later, the Spanish used the distillation process to create mezcal Finally, double-distilling was used with a special type of agave known as agave azul, or blue agave in English (scientifically known as agave tequilana weber), and tequila was born Creating tequila is a long, involved process The plant is to 12 years old before it can be used The plant itself resembles a huge green aloe plant To maintain the potency of the agave, the leaves are periodically cut back Finally, when the plant has reached the proper age and weight, the leaves are cut and workers known as Jimadors use a special hoe-type tool called a coa to remove the huge heart from the ground The heart is large, brown, hard, and heavy, weighing 80 or more pounds It is filled with a sweet sap referred to as agua miel, or honey water, which is actually the source of the tequila The heavy roots are then carried to trucks on the backs of burrows At the processing plant, the roots are chopped into quarters with machetes and carried on conveyor belts to huge ovens where they are baked for four days at 120 degrees Celsius Next, they are placed in a dark room for a day or so, and finally, they are thrown onto a conveyor belt, which runs them through a shredding machine, where they are ground to a pulp As they are ground, the liquid is released and falls into collectors below The pulp continues to be run through additional shredders where it is further crushed and manipulated so that all the juice is released The liquid is sent by a hose to an aluminum vat where yeast is added, and it is kept at a cool temperature for two days Next, the liquid is transported via another hose to an open vat, where the yeast assists in the natural fermentation process Then, approximately 10 percent of the liquid continues in the process, and the balance is discarded The liquid is then sent by hoses to other vats to be distilled twice in order to achieve the desired purity It is measured and tested at every step Finally, when it has reached the proper temperature, it is transported by another hose or a tanker truck to the bottling plant If it will be a select brand, it is placed in oak vats to be aged, which allows the distillate to mellow and affects the color slightly In the bottling area, a machine fills the bottles, which are measured by an attendant The bottles then travel on a conveyor belt to several different workers, one who affixes the large label, another the neck label, another the top, another the tape over the top, and so on Then workers meticulously clean and polish the bottles and peer through the glass for impurities Finally, the bottles are boxed and transported for wholesale or retail sale Question 53 According to the passage, blue agave is A very rare B used to make octli C used to make mezcal D one of over 100 species of agave Question 54 The author implies all of the following EXCEPT that A tequila was the first product made from agave plants that was distilled twice B the octli was not distilled C the Aztecs used agave for something other than alcohol D mezcal was distilled only one time Question 55 The word “periodically” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to A daily B annually C roughly D occasionaly Question 56 The word “sap”in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to A tequila B octli C juice D mezcal Question 57 According to the passage, tequila is formed from A the sweet liquid within the plant leaves B the plant leaves themselves C the sweet liquid within the heart D the outer protective substance around the heart Question 58 According to the passage, what is true about the hearts of the agave? A They are light in weight B They are cut in four pieces before being baked C They are roasted whole D They are carried on workers’backs to the plant Question 59 After the liquid is removed from the heart of the agave, it is transported from place to place by A hose B bucket C conveyor belt D truck Question 60 According to the passage, the liquid is transported from vat to vat because A it must be kept moving B the yeast is acting upon it C it must be run through different temperatures D it undergoes a different process in each vat Question 61 The author implies all of the following EXCEPT that A all of the agua miel is used in the end product B many tests and processes are performed to assure purity C yeast is used to cause fermentation D the temperature of the final product is important Question 62 In describing the bottling process, the author implies that A quality control is not important B much of the final product is rejected C the jobs are diferentiated, and great care is taken D machines fill the bottles and apply the labels Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions Question 63 A comprehension B decision C measure D pleasure Question 64 A established B orphaned C endangered D recognized WRITING PART I: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 65 I spend half an hour traveling to work by motorbike everyday => It takes……………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 66 “ Can you give me a ride to school ?” => He asked his friend……………………………………………………………………………… Question 67 We can’t have breakfast in the garden because it is very cold => It is so…………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 68 I’ve never met a more intelligent man than him => He……………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 69 Without skilful surgery he would not have survived the operation => But for …………………………………………………………………………………………… PART II: Many teachers assign homework to students every day Do you think that daily homework is necessary for students? Write a paragraph about 140 words, use specific reasons and details to support your answer …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The end ... possible D the writer has not done much research on this subject to establish the facts Question 11 According to paragraph 5, which of the following is TRUE? A scientists thought only a few thousand... questions Question 14 _, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain A However tired B Tired as he might feel C He felt very tired though D As he might feel tired Question 15 Among bees... occurs Question 16 _ contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity A Genes which are B Genes are C Because of genes D When genes Question 17 _ with about
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