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MOCK TEST 15 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The advent of the Internet may be one of the most important technological developments in recent years Never before have so many people had access to so many different sources of information For all of the Internet's advantages, however, people are currently becoming aware of some of its drawbacks and are looking for creative solutions Among the current problems, which include a general lack of reliability and numerous security concerns, the most crucial is speed First of all, the Internet has grown very quickly In 1990, only a few academics had ever heard of the Internet In 1996, over 50 million people used it Every year, the number of people with access to the Internet doubles The rapid growth has been a problem The computer systems which run the Internet have not been able to keep up with the demand Also, sometimes, a request for information must pass through many routing computers before the information can be obtained A request for information made in Paris might have to go through computers in New York, Los Angeles and Tokyo in order to obtain the required information Consequently, the service is often slow and unpredictable Service also tends to be worse when the Internet is busiest - during the business day of the Western Hemisphere - which is also when companies need its service the most Some people are trying to harness the power of networked computers in such a way as to avoid this problem In 1995, a group of American universities banded together to form what has come to be known as Internet II Internet II is a smaller, more specialized system intended for academic use Since it is more specialized, fewer users are allowed access Consequently, the time required to receive information has decreased Businesses are beginning to explore a possible analogue to the Internet II Many businesses are creating their own "Intranets" These are systems that can only be used by the members of the same company In theory, fewer users should translate into a faster system Intranets are very useful for large national and international companies whose branches need to share information Another benefit of an Intranet is an increased amount of security Since only company employees have access to the information on the Intranet, their information is protected from competitors While there is little doubt that the Internet will eventually be a fast and reliable service, industry and the academic community have taken their own steps toward making more practical global networks 1.According to the passage, which of the following is not true of the Internet? A: It has become increasingly less popular B: It tends to be unreliable C: It is too expensive to access D: It has created a sense of financial security Đáp án : It has become increasingly less popular Thông tin nằm câu: Every year, the number of people with access to the Internet doubles The rapid growth has been a problem 2.According to the passage, which of the following statements was true in 1990? A: The Internet experienced enormous growth rates B: Internet data proved to be impractical C: The Internet was a secure means to gain information D: Few people were using the Internet Đáp án : Few people were using the Internet Thông tin nằm câu: In 1990, only a few academics had ever heard of the Internet 3.According to the author, what is one reason why the Internet is sometimes slow? A: Often a request must travel through many computers before it reaches its final destination B: Most people not have computers that are fast enough to take advantage of the Internet C: Scientists take up too much time on the Internet, thus slowing it down for everyone else D: Phone lines are often too busy with phone calls and fax transmissions to handle Internet traffic Đáp án : Often a request must travel through many computers before it reaches its final destination Thông tin nằm đoạn: The computer systems which run the Internet have not been able to keep up with the demand Also, sometimes, a request for information must pass through many routing computers before the information can be obtained A request for information made in Paris might have to go through computers in New York, Los Angeles and Tokyo in order to obtain the required information 4.The word "obtained" in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A: understood B: distributed C: acquired D: purchased Đáp án : obtained = acquired: đạt được, thu 5.The word "harness" in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A: block B: disguise C: utilize D: steal Đáp án : harness = utilize: khai thác, sử dụng 6.According to the passage, what benefits does Internet II have over the Internet I? A: Small businesses pay higher premiums to access to the Internet B: Internet II has fewer users and therefore is faster to access C: There is no governmental intervention regulating Internet II D: Internet II contains more information than the Internet Đáp án : Internet II has fewer users and therefore is faster to access Thông tin nằm đoạn: Internet II is a smaller, more specialized system intended for academic use Since it is more specialized, fewer users are allowed access Consequently, the time required to receive information has decreased 7.The word "analogue” in the passage most nearly means _ A: use B: solution C: alternative D: similarity Đáp án : analogue = similarity: vật tương tự 8.The word "their" in the passage refers to _ A: Intranets B: companies C: company employees D: competitors Đáp án : company employees Thông tin nằm câu: Since only company employees have access to the information on the Intranet, their information is protected from competitors 9.With which of the following conclusions would the author probably agree? A: An Internet system with fewer users would be quicker B: The technology used by Internet creators is too complex for computer owners to understand C: Companies who develop their own Intranets are limiting their information data base D: Fewer academic communities need to create their own Internet systems Đáp án : An Internet system with fewer users would be quicker Thông tin nằm câu: Many businesses are creating their own "Intranets" These are systems that can only be used by the members of the same company In theory, fewer users should translate into a faster system 10.All of the following are advantages of business "Intranets" mentioned in the passage EXCEPT A: they share information with other company branches B: they provide a higher level of security C: they are cheaper than other alternatives D: they move data faster Đáp án : they are cheaper than other alternatives Đọc đoạn văn ta thấy phương án lại nhắc tới Mark the letter A, B, C or D to show the underlined part that needs correcting 11.In just three months H.G Wells wrote the famous classic The Time Machine for what he won a Newberry Caldecott award Đáp án : what => which 12.A mighty and powerful presidency characterizes American political life, but Congress also plays a vital role Đáp án : mighty and powerful => mighty/ powerful (vì mighty = powerful) Kiến thức cần kiểm tra: Redundancy (Cấu trúc thừa) 13.Passengers are required to arrive to the gate fifteen minutes before departure time Đáp án: arrive to => arrive at Ta có: arrive at/in + nơi chốn (đến nơi nào) Nghĩa câu: Người ta yêu cầu hành khách phải đến cổng (nhà ga) 15 phút trước khởi hành 14.A smile can be observed, described, and reliably identify, it can also be elicited and manipulated under experimental conditions Đáp án : identify => identified Kiến thức cần kiểm tra: Cấu trúc song song 15.I think she will be suitable for the work because she has been working like a teacher for a long time Đáp án : like => as Ta có thành ngữ: work as + nghề nghiệp (làm nghề gì) Nghĩa câu: Tôi nghĩ cô thích hợp với công việc cô dạy học thời gian dài Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions 16.We can’t make any conclusions right now with this paucity of information A: timidity B: certainty C: scarcity D: excess Đáp án : paucity: ỏi > < excess: dư thừa, thừa Phương án sai: timidity: rụt rè, nhút nhát Phương án sai: certainty: chắn scarcity: khan 17.I can't stand people who treat animals cruelly A: cleverly B: brutally C: gently D: reasonably Đáp án : cruelly: độc ác > < gently: dịu dàng, êm Phương án sai: cleverly: cách khéo léo Phương án sai: reasonably: cách hợp lí Phương án sai: brutally: bạo, tàn nhẫn Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge freshwater lake, one of the world's largest and deepest, lieshidden there under four kilometers of ice Now known as Lake Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice block that comprises AntarcticA The lake is able to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this block of ice because its waters are warmed by geothermal heat from the earth's core The thick glacier above Lake Vostok actually insulates it from the frigid temperatures on the surface The lake was first discovered in the 1970s while a research team was conducting an aerial survey of the areA Radio waves from the survey equipment penetrated the ice and revealed a body of water of indeterminate size It was not until much more recently that data collected by satellite made scientists aware of the tremendous size of the lake; the satellite-borne radar detected an extremely flat region where the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake The discovery of such a huge freshwater lake trapped under Antarctica is of interest to the scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have survived for thousands upon thousands of years, unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout and elevated ultraviolet light that have affected organisms in more exposed areas The downside of the discovery, however, lies in the difficulty of conducting research on the lake in such a harsh climate and in the problems associated with obtaining uncontaminated samples from the lake without actually exposing the lake to contamination Scientists are looking for possible ways to accomplish this 18.The word "hidden" in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A: undiscovered B: undrinkable C: untouched D: unexploitable Đáp án : hidden: bị che giấu = untouched: nguyên, không động tới Nghĩa câu: “lie hidden there under four kilometers of ice” (nằm khuất sâu kilômét lớp băng) Phương án sai: undrinkable: uống Phương án sai: unexploitable: chưa khai thác Phương án sai: undiscovered: chưa phát 19.What is true of Lake Vostok? A: It is beneath a thick slab of ice B: It is heated by the sun C: It is completely frozen D: It is a saltwater lake Đáp án : “It is beneath a thick slab of ice” (Nó nằm tảng băng dày.) Ý bài: “Now known as Lake Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice block that comprises Antarctica.” (Ngày biết với tên hồ Vostok, khối nước khổng lồ nằm bên khối băng tạo nên châu Nam Cực.) Phương án sai: "It is completely frozen” (Nó hoàn toàn đóng băng) Phương án sai ta có ý: “The lake is able, to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this block of ice ” (Hồ tồn trạng thái không đóng băng) Phương án sai: "It is a saltwater lake” (Nó hồ nước mặn) Phương án sai có ý: "a huge freshwater lake” (một hồ nước lớn) Phương án sai: "It is heated by the sun” (Nó bị mặt trời đốt nóng) Phương án sai nằm sâu kilômét lớp băng nhận lượng từ tâm trái đất "its waters are warmed by geothermal heat from the earth’s core” (nước hồ làm ấm lượng địa nhiệt từ tâm trái đất) 20.Which of the following is closest in meaning to "frigid" in paragraph 1? A: easily broken B: lukewarm C: extremely cold D: quite harsh Đáp án : frigid = extremely cold: vô lạnh Ý bài: “The thick glacier above Lake Vostok actually insulates it from the frigid temperatures on the surface” (Tảng băng dày bên hồ Vostok thực cách nhiệt hồ với nhiệt độ băng giá bề mặt) Dĩ nhiên nhiệt độ bề mặt Nam Cực thấp easily broken: dễ vỡ quite harsh: khắc nghiệt lukewarm: ấm áp 21.All of the following are true about the 1970 survey of Antarctica EXCEPT that it _ A: was conducted by air B: could not determine the lake's exact size C: was controlled by a satellite D: made use of radio waves Đáp án : was controlled by a satellite Trong nói: "a research team was conducting an aerial survey” (một toán nghiên cứu tiến hành khảo sát từ không) “data collected by satellite” (thông tin vệ tinh thu thập) không nói vệ tinh điều khiển Phương án sai: “was conducted by air” (được tiến hành từ không) Ta có ý vừa nêu: “conducting an aerial survey” Phương án sai: “made use of radio waves” (dùng sóng vô tuyến) Ý bài: “Radio waves from the survey equipment ” (Sóng vô tuyến từ thiết bị khảo sát ) Phương án sai: “could not determine the lake’s exact size” (không thể xác định xác kích thước hồ) Ý bài: “ revealed a body of water of indeterminate size” ( tiết lộ vùng nước xác định kích thước) 22.It can be inferred from the passage that the ice would not be flat if _ A: the lake were not so big B: Antarctica was not so cold C: radio waves were not used D: there were no lake underneath Đáp án : there were no lake underneath Ý bài: "an extremely flat region where the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake” (một vùng phẳng mặt hồ nước) Các phương án khác sai ý không liên quan đến phẳng lớp băng: "the lake were not so big’’ (hồ không lớn) "Antarctica were not so cold” (Nam Cực không lạnh) "radio waves were not used” (người ta không dùng sóng vô tuyến) 23.The word "microbes" in paragraph could best be replaced by which of the following? A: Rays of light B: Tiny organisms C: Pieces of dust D: Tiny bubbles Đáp án : microbes: vi khuẩn = tiny organisms: sinh vật vô nhỏ bé Phương án sai: pieces of dust: mảnh bụi Phương án sai: tiny bubbles: bọt khí nhỏ Phương án sai: rays of light: tia sáng 24.Lake Vostok is potentially important to scientists because it _ A: may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light B: can be studied using radio waves C: may contain uncontaminated microbes D: has already been contaminated Đáp án : may contain uncontaminated microbes Ý bài: “ of interest to the scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have survived for thousands upon thousands of years unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout and elevated ultraviolet light" ( lôi quan tâm giới khoa học có khả hồ chứa vi khuẩn từ thời cổ đại tồn hàng nghìn năm mà không bị ảnh hưởng yếu tố bụi phóng xạ tia tử ngoại cao) Phương án sai: "can be studied using radio waves’’ (có thể dùng để nghiên cứu việc sử dụng sóng vô tuyến) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: “may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light” (có thể có tia tử ngoại cao) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: “has already been contaminated” (đã bị ô nhiễm) (không đề cập) 25.The word "downside" in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A: underside B: bottom level C: buried section D: negative aspect Đáp án : downside = negative aspect: mặt trái vấn đề Ý bài: "The downside of the discovery, however, lies in the difficulty of conducting research on the lake” (Tuy nhiên mặt trái vấn đề nằm khó khăn việc tiến hành nghiên cứu hồ) Các phương án khác sai: bottom level: độ sâu đáy hồ underside: mặt đáy buried section: phần bị chôn vùi 26.The last paragraph suggests that scientists should be aware of _ A: further discoveries on the surface of Antarctica B: the harsh climate of Antarctica C: ways to study Lake Vostok without contaminating it D: problems with satellite-borne radar equipment Đáp án : ways to study Lake Vostok without contaminating it Ý bài: “without actually exposing the lake to contamination” (mà thực không đặt hồ vào tình trạng ô nhiễm) Phương án sai: "further discoveries on the surface of Antarctica” (các nghiên cứu khác bề mặt Nam Cực) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: ''problems with satellite-borne radar equipment” (vấn đề khó khăn với thiết bị ra-đa vệ tinh) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: “the harsh climate of Antarctica” (khí hậu khắc nghiệt Nam Cực) (không đề cập) 27.The purpose of the passage is to _ A: provide satellite data concerning Antarctica B: present an unexpected aspect of Antarctica's geography C: discuss future plans for Lake Vostok D: explain how Lake Vostok was discovered Đáp án: "present an unexpected aspect of Antarctica’s geography” (trình bày khía cạnh không ngờ đến địa lí Nam Cực) Ý bài:“A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge freshwater lake ” (Một đặc điểm địa lí bất ngờ Nam Cực chỗ hồ nước lớn…) Phương án sai: “explain how Lake Vostok was discovered” (giải thích làm người ta phát hồ Vostok) (không phải mục đích chính) Phương án sai: “provide satellite data concerning Antarctica" (cung cấp liệu thu thập từ vệ tinh liên quan đến hồ) (không mục đích chính) Phương án sai: “discuss future plans for Lake Vostok” (bàn luận kế hoạch tương lai hồ Vostok) Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others in the list 28.A: odourless B: resources C: exhaust D: poured Đáp án : odourless /ˈoʊdərləs /: Có phần gạch chân phát âm /ə/ Các phương án lại có phần gạch chân phát âm /ɔː/ resources /rɪˈsɔːs/ exhaust /ɪɡˈzɔːst/ poured /pɔː(r)d/ 29.A: liked B: promised C: laughed D: played Đáp án : played /pleɪd/: Có phần gạch chân phát âm /d/ Các phương án lại có phần gạch chân phát âm /t/ liked /laɪkt/ laughed /lɑːft/ promised /ˈprɒmɪst/ Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that is stressed differently from the others in the list 30.A: mountainous B: sociable C: habitat D: gorilla Đáp án : gorilla /ɡəˈrɪlə/: Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai Các phương án lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ habitat /ˈhæbɪtæt/ mountainous /ˈmaʊntɪnəs/ sociable /ˈsəʊʃəb(ə)l/ 31.A: marine 10 B: apply C: idea D: fauna Đáp án : fauna /ˈfɔːnə/: Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ Các phương án lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai marine /məˈriːn/ apply /əˈplaɪ/ idea /aɪˈdɪə/ 32.A: necessary B: comfortable C: memorable D: community Đáp án : community /kəˈmjuːnəti/: Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai Các phương án lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ comfortable /ˈkʌmftəb(ə)l/ necessary /ˈnesəs(ə)ri/ memorable /ˈmem(ə)rəb(ə)l/ Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions 33. _, she received a big applause A: After she finishes speaking B: Speaking has finished C: Finished her lecture D: When the speaker finished Đáp án: When the speaker finished Nghĩa câu: Khi người diễn thuyết hoàn thành thuyết trình, cô nhận tràng vỗ tay lớn 34.When the personnel director realized _, he immediately added two more staff to the project A: what it was a formidable task B: how formidable was it a task C: it was what a formidable task 11 D: what a formidable task it was Đáp án: what a formidable task it was Đây câu cảm thán với what Nghĩa câu: Khi giám đốc nhân nhận thấy công việc khó hoàn thành, ông thêm hai nhân viên vào dự án 35.The facilities of the older hospital are as good _ A: or better than the new hospital B: as or better than those of the new hospital C: as or better than the new hospital D: as or better that the new hospital Đáp án: as or better than those of the new hospital Ta dùng cấu trúc so sánh bằng: as + tính từ + as, so sánh hơn: better than, đại từ "those” để thay cho danh từ số nhiều "facilities” Nghĩa câu: Các thiết bị bệnh viện trước tốt tốt thiết bị bệnh viện xây 36.She was _ she could not say anything A: so that surprised for the news B: so surprised at the news that C: so surprise of the news that D: such surprised at the news that Đáp án: so surprised at the news that Ta có cấu trúc: to be so surprised at the news that + mệnh đề: ngạc nhiên trước thông tin mà Kiến thức cần kiểm tra: Cấu trúc “so + adj/adv + that + S + V+ O” 37.‘'Mark wasn't there last night.'' A: neither I was B: I wasn’t too C: so was I 12 “ _.” D: I wasn’t either Đáp án: I wasn’t either: Tôi không Ta có cấu trúc đồng tình câu phủ định: S + trợ động từ + not + either neither + trợ động từ + S 38.Because of _ weather conditions, California has an advantage in the production of fruits and vegetables A: favourably B: favour C: favourite D: favourable Đáp án : favourable weather conditions: điều kiện thời tiết thuận lợi Nghĩa câu: Vì điều kiện thời tiết thuận lợi, California có lợi việc sản xuất loại trái rau 39.UNICEF _ supports and funds for the most disadvantaged children all over the world A: assists B: presents C: provides D: offers Đáp án : provides Ta có: to provide smb with smt provide smt for smb: cung cấp cho Nghĩa câu: Quỹ UNICEF đem lại giúp đỡ tiền bạc cho trẻ em bất hạnh toàn giới Phương án sai: present smt to smb: đưa, trao cho Phương án sai: assist smb with smt: giúp đỡ với Phương án sai: offer smt to smb: đề nghị cho 40.Is there anyone who _ the plan put forward by the committee? A: objects B: opposes C: differs D: disagrees 13 Đáp án : oppose smt oppose + V-ing (phản đối gì/ phản đối làm gì) Nghĩa câu: Có phản đối kế hoạch ủy ban đưa không? Phương án sai: differ from smb/smt: khác với ai/cái Phương án sai: disagree with smt: không đồng ý Phương án sai: object to smt: phản đối 41.Everybody in the house woke up when the burglar alarm _ A: went out B: came about C: went off D: rang off Đáp án : go off: (chuông, còi) vang lên Nghĩa câu: Người nhà tỉnh giấc chuông báo trộm reo lên Phương án sai: go out: chơi; (lửa) tắt Phương án sai: come about: xảy Phương án sai: ring off: ngừng nói chuyện điện thoại 42.The children had been _ of the danger, but had taken no notice A: prevented B: warned C: shown D: noticed Đáp án : warn smb of smt: cảnh báo (về nguy hiểm), dạng bị động là: be warned of smt Nghĩa câu: Bọn trẻ báo trước nguy hiểm chúng không để ý đến Phương án sai: show smt to someone: cho xem, cho thấy Phương án sai: notice smt: ý, để ý P/án sai: prevent smb from doing smt: ngăn chặn, dạng bị động là: be prevented from V-ing smt 43.Some kinds of birds are on the _ of extinction A: brink B: side C: tip D: edge Đáp án : brink Thành ngữ: “on the brink of smt”: gần tình trạng nguy hiểm Nghĩa câu: Một số loài chim bên bờ tuyệt chủng 14 Phương án sai: tip: đầu, đỉnh, chóp (không phù hợp với ngữ cảnh) Phương án sai: on the side of something: bên hông (không phù hợp với ngữ cảnh) Phương án sai: on the edge of something: rìa, mép (không phù hợp với ngữ cảnh) 44.Please _ your cigarette I am going to get choked A: blow out B: cut down C: put out D: put aside Đáp án : put out smt: dập tắt Nghĩa câu: Anh làm ơn dập tắt điếu thuốc Tôi bị ngạt thở Phương án sai: cut down on smt: giảm bớt; cut smt down: đốn ngã Phương án sai: blow out smt: thổi tắt Phương án sai: put smt aside: để dành 45.We went to the airport to _ off a friend who was leaving for New York A: see B: join C: say D: tell Đáp án : see off: tiễn đưa, tiễn biệt Nghĩa câu: Chúng đến sân bay để tiễn người bạn New York Phương án sai: tell smb off (for smt): la mắng Phương án khác sai: nghĩa 46.So little _ about mathematics that the lecture was completely beyond me A: I know B: I knew C: I have known D: did I know Đáp án : did I know Ta sử dụng cấu trúc đảo ngữ: So + tính từ/ trạng từ + trợ động từ + S + that S + V + O 47.Our landlord had the broken window _ before winter 15 A: fixed B: fix C: to fix D: fixing Đáp án : fixed Bị động với động từ have: have smt P2: có làm (bởi ai) had the broken window fixed before winter: có cửa sổ bị vỡ sửa lại trước mùa đông 48.Research has shown that there is no difference at all between the brain of the average woman and _ of the average man A: what B: which C: that D: one Đáp án: that Ta dùng đại từ “that” để thay danh từ số “brain” để tránh lặp lại cấu trúc song hành (parallel structure) Nghĩa câu: Nghiên cứu cho thấy khác biệt não người phụ nữ đàn ông bình thường 49.If she let this chance slip, she _ it for the rest of her life A: would have regretted B: would regret C: regret D: will regret Đáp án : would regret Câu điều kiện loại 2: If + S + V_quá khứ, S + would (could, should, ….) + V_inf 50.Nowadays the majority of overseas telephone calls _ by satellite A: transmitted B: transmit 16 C: are transmitted D: are transmitting Đáp án : are transmitted Nghĩa câu: Ngày phần lớn điện thoại gọi nước truyền qua vệ tinh 51.I am sending you my curriculum vitae _ you will have a chance to study it before our interview A: since B: because C: for D: so that Đáp án : so that Ta phải dùng mệnh đề mục đích với so that (để, để cho) Nghĩa câu: Tôi gửi ông sơ yếu lí lịch để ông nghiên cứu trước vấn Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions 52.Since the research studies have shown a relationship between cancer and cigarette smoking, many people have cut down A: decreased the number of cigarettes B: gotten sick C: become frightened D: ceased smoking Đáp án : cut dowm = decreased the number of cigarettes: cắt giảm lượng thuốc 53.Trees have to be pruned seasonally or annually to ensure that they continue to bear fruit A: trimmed B: harvested C: fertilized 17 D: weeded Đáp án : pruned = trimmed: cắt, tỉa Phương án sai: weeded: rẫy cỏ, nhổ cỏ Phương án sai: fertilized: làm cho phì nhiêu, màu mỡ Phương án sai: harvested: thu hoạch 54.A two-thirds majority in Congress is required if a bill is to become law A: necessary B: acquired C: optional D: desirable Đáp án : require = necessary: cần Phương án sai: desirable: ao ước, khát khao Phương án sai: acquired: thu được, đạt Phương án sai: optional: tự chọn, không bắt buộc Read the text below and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer which best fits each spaces London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre London is an (1) _ city It is more than twenty centuries old The population of London (2) _ the suburbs is nine million people London is one of the biggest cities of the world and it is also an important port It is (3) _ on the banks of the river Thames, which divides the city into two large parts - the West and the East End London (4) _ for 30 miles from north to south and for 30 miles from east to west Its most important sections are the City, the West End and the East End The City is a small part of London, (5) _ it is the financial and business centre of the country There are many big banks and various offices there The West End is the part of London (6) _ the rich people live The houses, streets and parks are the finest in the capital The best theatres, cinemas, concert halls, large museums, hotels and big shops (7) _ here The most beautiful London park - Clyde Park is in this district too The East End is the poorest part of London The workers and the poorest people live here There are no beautiful houses and parks here The East End is unattractive in (8) _ but it is very important in the country’s economy Most of the government buildings are in Westminster The Westminster Palace is the (9) _ of the British Parliament There are many architectural, art and historical monuments and museums in London such as the famous British Museum, the National Gallery, St Paul’s Cathedral, the Nelson Column and others Thousands of tourists from all (10) _ of the world come to see them 55.A: ancient B: early 18 C: antique D: old Đáp án : ancient: cổ xưa Ý bài: “It is more than twenty centuries old” (Thành phố 2000 năm tuổi.) Phương án sai: old: cũ, cổ (không xác từ ancient), Phương án sai: antique: theo kiểu cổ Phương án sai: early: ban đầu 56.A: composing B: consisting C: containing D: including Đáp án : including: bao gồm, tính đến, kể Nghĩa câu: "The population of London including the suburbs is nine million people.” (Dân số London kể vùng ven triệu người.) Phương án sai: consist of: gồm có Phương án sai: contain: chứa đựng composed of : gồm có, bao gồm 57.A: put B: positioned C: situated D: placed Đáp án : lie = be situated = be located: đặt vị trí Nghĩa câu: "It is situated on the banks of the river Thames ” (Luân Đôn nằm hai bờ sông Thames ) Phương án sai: position: bố trí, đóng quân Các phương án sai: place/put: để, đặt (cái gì) 58.A: enlarges B: stretches C: extends 19 D: lengthens Đáp án : stretch (nội động từ + trạng từ/giới từ) = to spread over a large area or distance: trải ra, chạy dài Nghĩa câu: "London stretches for 30 miles from north to south ” (Luân Đôn trải dài 30 dặm từ bắc xuống nam ) Phương án sai: lengthen: dài ra, kéo dài Phương án sai: extend (nội động từ + trạng từ/giới từ): kéo dài đến tận nơi Phương án sai: enlarge: rộng ra, mở rộng, phóng to 59.A: but B: although C: while D: whereas Đáp án : but: (liên từ đẳng lập nối hai mệnh đề độc lập) Nghĩa câu: “The City is a small part of London, but it is the financial and business centre of the country” (City vùng nhỏ bé Luân Đôn lại trung tâm tài thương mại nước Anh.) Phương án sai: although: (dùng cho mệnh đề nhượng ) Phương án sai: whereas: trái lại (dùng để so sánh liệu, việc) 60.A: that B: where C: which D: for Đáp án : where Dùng trạng từ quan hệ where để nơi chốn tương ứng với tiền ngữ "the part of London" 61.A: stand B: hold C: live D: are found 20 Đáp án : be found = to exist or be present somewhere: tồn có mặt đâu Nghĩa câu: “The best theatres are found here.” (Những nhà hát tiếng có mặt đây.) 62.A: appearance B: figure C: face D: surface Đáp án : appearance: vẻ bề Nghĩa câu: “The East End is unattractive in appearance but it is very important in the country's economy.” (Phố Đông Luân Đôn bề không lôi quan trọng kinh tế nước Anh.) Các phưong án sai : face = mặt, bề mặt, phía trước; surface = bề mặt; figure = dáng vẻ người, nhân vật 63.A: seat B: head C: place D: office Đáp án : seat: trụ sở, trung tâm 64.A: regions B: sections C: parts D: areas 21 Đáp án : parts = an area or a region of the world, a country, a town, etc = nơi, vùng Ex: "Different parts of the world have very different climatic conditions." (Những vùng khác giới có điều kiện khí hậu khác nhau.) Phương án sai: area = a particular part of a place = vùng, miền, khu vực Ex: “All areas of the city will have some rain tonight.” (Tối tất khu vực thành phố có mưa.) Phương án sai: region = a particular area or part of the world: vùng, miền (nhất định) Ex: “the semi-desert regions of Australia' (những vùng bán sa mạc nước úc) Phương án sai: section = one of the parts that something is divided into: đoạn, khúc, mục Ex: "the sports section of the newspaper” (chuyên mục thể thao tờ báo) WRITE The hotel didn’t come up to our expectations The hotel fell _ Mr Hung is the most intelligent person I’ve ever known I have never _ The only way you can become a good English speaker is by practising English every day Only by _ “It certainly wasn’t me who stole your bag! “ said Lan Lan denied _ I’m sorry that I didn’t come there yesterday I wish The hotel fell short of our expectations Fall short of : thất bại, không đạt (mục đích ) To fall short of sb’s expectations ~ not come up to sb’s expectations: không tốt đẹp mong đợi/ không mong đợi Dịch nghĩa: Khách sạn không mong đợi I have never known a more intelligent person than Mr Hung Only by practising English every day can you become a good English speaker Lan denied having stolen my bag/ stealing my bag I wish I had come there yesterday Write a paragraph about the advantages studying abroad Studying oversea has become common in last few years It is true that going abroad for studying has had several benefits not only for the students learning oversea but for the government and their countries as well Firstly, studying in a different country is seen as the best opportunity to obtain new knowledge as well as accumulate significant skills for their future Moreover, when living in the foreign countries, the international students have to get along with teammates who come from different parts of the world Hence, they would be interacting with a number of various cultures,which helps them to broaden their mind and building self-‐ confidence as well In addition, these students will become key workforce for their countries where they will go back after finishing the course in foreign countries From these points of view, the advantages of studying oversea are countless (144 words) ... nghiên cứu khác bề mặt Nam Cực) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: ''problems with satellite-borne radar equipment” (vấn đề khó khăn với thi t bị ra-đa vệ tinh) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: “the harsh... đại từ "those” để thay cho danh từ số nhiều "facilities” Nghĩa câu: Các thi t bị bệnh viện trước tốt tốt thi t bị bệnh viện xây 36.She was _ she could not say anything A: so that surprised... (không đề cập) Phương án sai: “may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light” (có thể có tia tử ngoại cao) (không đề cập) Phương án sai: “has already been contaminated” (đã bị ô nhiễm) (không đề
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