Tài liệu tham khảo điện tử LM 555

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S E M I C O N D U C T O R CA555, CA555C, LM555, LM555C, NE555 Timers for Timing Delays and Oscillator Application in Commercial, Industrial and Military Equipment May 1997 Features Description • • • • • • • • The CA555 and CA555C are highly stable timers for use in precision timing and oscillator applications As timers, these monolithic integrated circuits are capable of producing accurate time delays for periods ranging from microseconds through hours These devices are also useful for astable oscillator operation and can maintain an accurately controlled free running frequency and duty cycle with only two external resistors and one capacitor Accurate Timing From Microseconds Through Hours Astable and Monostable Operation Adjustable Duty Cycle Output Capable of Sourcing or Sinking up to 200mA Output Capable of Driving TTL Devices Normally ON and OFF Outputs High Temperature Stability 0.005%/oC Directly Interchangeable with SE555, NE555, MC1555, and MC1455 Applications • Precision Timing • Sequential Timing • Time Delay Generation • Pulse Generation • Pulse Detector • Pulse Width and Position Modulation Ordering Information PART NUMBER TEMP (BRAND) RANGE (oC) CA0555E -55 to 125 CA0555M (555) -55 to 125 CA0555M96 (555) -55 to 125 CA0555T -55 to 125 CA0555CE to 70 CA0555CM (555C) to 70 CA0555CM96 (555C) to 70 CA0555CT to 70 LM555N -55 to 125 LM555CN to 70 NE555N to 70 NOTE: † Denotes Tape and Reel PACKAGE Ld PDIP Ld SOIC Ld SOIC † Pin Metal Can Ld PDIP Ld SOIC Ld SOIC † Pin Metal Can Ld PDIP Ld PDIP Ld PDIP Pinouts PKG NO E8.3 M8.15 M8.15 T8.C E8.3 M8.15 M8.15 T8.C E8.3 E8.3 E8.3 The circuits of the CA555 and CA555C may be triggered by the falling edge of the waveform signal, and the output of these circuits can source or sink up to a 200mA current or drive TTL circuits These types are direct replacements for industry types in packages with similar terminal arrangements e.g SE555 and NE555, MC1555 and MC1455, respectively The CA555 type circuits are intended for applications requiring premium electrical performance The CA555C type circuits are intended for applications requiring less stringent electrical characteristics Functional Block Diagram CA555, CA555C (PDIP, SOIC) LM555, LM555C, NE555 (PDIP) TOP VIEW TRIGGER CONTROL VOLTAGE DISCHARGE OUTPUT THRESHOLD RESET CONTROL VOLTAGE CA555, CA555C (METAL CAN) TOP VIEW TAB GND DISCHARGE TRIGGER THRESHOLD OUTPUT OUTPUT THRESHOLD COMPAR RESET V+ TRIGGER COMPAR FLIP-FLOP DISCHARGE TRIGGER OUTPUT V+ THRESHOLD GND V+ GND CONTROL VOLTAGE RESET CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge Users should follow proper IC Handling Procedures Copyright © Harris Corporation 1997 8-3 File Number 834.4 CA555, CA555C, LM555, LM555C, NE555 Absolute Maximum Ratings Thermal Information DC Supply Voltage 18V Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1) θJA (oC/W) θJC (oC/W) Metal Can Package 170 85 PDIP Package 100 N/A SOIC Package 160 N/A Maximum Junction Temperature (Hermetic Package) 175oC Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package) 150oC Maximum Storage Temperature Range -65oC to 150oC Maximum Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s) 300oC (SOIC - Lead Tips Only) Operating Conditions Temperature Range CA555, LM555 -55oC to 125oC CA555C, LM555C, NE555 0oC to 70oC CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device This is a stress only rating and operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied NOTE: θJA is measured with the component mounted on an evaluation PC board in free air Electrical Specifications TA = 25oC, V+ = 5V to 15V Unless Otherwise Specified CA555, LM555 PARAMETER MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS 4.5 - 18 4.5 - 16 V V+ = 5V, RL = ∞ - - mA V+ = 15V, RL = ∞ - 10 12 - 10 15 mA - (2/3)V+ - - (2/3)V+ - V V+ = 5V 1.45 1.67 1.9 - 1.67 - V V+ = 15V 4.8 5.2 - - V - 0.5 - - 0.5 - µA - 0.1 0.25 - 0.1 0.25 µA Reset Voltage 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.0 V Reset Current - 0.1 - - 0.1 - mA V+ = 5V 2.9 3.33 3.8 2.6 3.33 V V+ = 15V 9.6 10 10.4 10 11 V V+ = 5V, ISINK = 5mA - - - - 0.25 0.35 V ISINK = 8mA - 0.1 0.25 - - - V V+ = 15V, ISINK = 10mA - 0.1 0.15 - 0.1 0.25 V ISINK = 50mA - 0.4 0.5 - 0.4 0.75 V ISINK = 100mA - 2.0 2.2 - 2.0 2.5 V ISINK = 200mA - 2.5 - - 2.5 - V 3.0 3.3 - 2.75 3.3 - V V+ = 15V, ISOURCE = 100mA 13.0 13.3 - 12.75 13.3 - V ISOURCE = 200mA - 12.5 - - 12.5 - V R1, R2 = 1kΩ to 100kΩ, C = 0.1µF Tested at V+ = 5V, V+ = 15V - 0.5 - - % - 30 100 - 50 - ppm/oC - 0.05 0.2 - 0.1 - %/V DC Supply Voltage DC Supply Current (Low State), (Note 2) Threshold Voltage SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS CA555C, LM555C, NE555 V+ I+ VTH Trigger Voltage Trigger Current Threshold Current (Note 3) ITH Control Voltage Level Output Voltage VOL Low State Output Voltage High State Timing Error (Monostable) Frequency Drift with Temperature VOH V+ = 5V, ISOURCE = 100mA Drift with Supply Voltage 8-4 CA555, CA555C, LM555, LM555C, NE555 TA = 25oC, V+ = 5V to 15V Unless Otherwise Specified (Continued) Electrical Specifications CA555, LM555 PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS CA555C, LM555C, NE555 MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS Output Rise Time tR - 100 - - 100 - ns Output Fall Time tF - 100 - - 100 - ns NOTES: When the output is in a high state, the DC supply current is typically 1mA less than the low state value The threshold current will determine the sum of the values of R1 and R2 to be used in Figure (astable operation); the maximum total R1 + R2 = 20MΩ Schematic Diagram THRESHOLD COMPARATOR V+ TRIGGER COMPARATOR FLIP-FLOP OUTPUT 4.7K 830 4.7K 1K 5K 6.8K D2 D1 Q16 Q10 Q3 Q19 Q4 Q20 3.9K 7K THRESHOLD Q1 OUTPUT Q7 Q2 Q5 4.7K D3 D4 5K 10K Q18 Q11 Q12 CONTROL VOLTAGE 220 Q15 5K TRIGGER 4.7K Q14 RESET Q21 Q17 Q13 Q9 100K Q8 RESET DISCHARGE Q6 DISCHARGE 100 V- NOTE: Resistance values are in ohms Typical Applications Reset Timer (Monostable Operation) Figure shows the CA555 connected as a reset timer In this mode of operation capacitor CT is initially held discharged by a transistor on the integrated circuit Upon closing the “start” switch, or applying a negative trigger pulse to terminal 2, the integral timer flip-flop is “set” and releases the short circuit across CT which drives the output voltage “high” (relay ener- gized) The action allows the voltage across the capacitor to increase exponentially with the constant t = R1CT When the voltage across the capacitor equals 2/3 V+, the comparator resets the flip-flop which in turn discharges the capacitor rapidly and drives the output to its low state 8-5 CA555, CA555C, LM555, LM555C, NE555 V+ RESET R1 680 TA = 25oC V+ = 5V EO CA555 CAPACITANCE (µF) 10 1N4001 10K CT 100 5V 4.7K 0.01µF 680 RELAY COIL R1 = 1kΩ 10kΩ 100kΩ 1MΩ 0.1 10MΩ 0.01 S1 START 0.001 10-5 10-4 10-3 10-2 10-1 10 TIME DELAY(s) NOTE: All resistance values are in ohms FIGURE TIME DELAY vs RESISTANCE AND CAPACITANCE FIGURE RESET TIMER (MONOSTABLE OPERATION) Since the charge rate and threshold level of the comparator are both directly proportional to V+, the timing interval is relatively independent of supply voltage variations Typically, the timing varies only 0.05% for a 1V change in V+ Repeat Cycle Timer (Astable Operation) Figure shows the CA555 connected as a repeat cycle timer In this mode of operation, the total period is a function of both R1 and R2 Applying a negative pulse simultaneously to the reset terminal (4) and the trigger terminal (2) during the timing cycle discharges CT and causes the timing cycle to restart Momentarily closing only the reset switch during the timing interval discharges CT, but the timing cycle does not restart V+ 5V R1 Figure shows the typical waveforms generated during this mode of operation, and Figure gives the family of time delay curves with variations in R1 and CT R2 CA555 EO RELAY COIL SWITCH S1 “OPEN” 3V INPUT VOLTAGE (TERMINAL 2) SWITCH S1 “CLOSED” CT 3.3V CAPACITOR VOLTAGE (TERMINALS 6, 7) 0.01µF FIGURE REPEAT CYCLE TIMER (ASTABLE OPERATION) T = 0.693 (R1 + 2R2) CT = t1 + t2 tD where t1 = 0.693 (R1 + R2) CT 5V OUTPUT VOLTAGE (TERMINAL 3) and t2 = 0.693 (R2) CT the duty cycle is: t1 R1 + R2 = -t + t R + 2R FIGURE TYPICAL WAVEFORMS FOR RESET TIMER Typical waveforms generated during this mode of operation are shown in Figure Figure gives the family of curves of free running frequency with variations in the value of (R1 + 2R2) and CT 8-6 CA555, CA555C, LM555, LM555C, NE555 t1 t2 100 TA = 25oC, V+ = 5V 5V CAPACITANCE (µF) 10 3.3V R1 + 2R2 = 1kΩ 10kΩ 100kΩ 1MΩ 10MΩ 0.1 0.01 1.7V 0.001 10-1 102 10 103 104 105 FREQUENCY (Hz) Top Trace: Output voltage (2V/Div and 0.5ms/Div.) Bottom Trace: Capacitor voltage (1V/Div and 0.5ms/Div.) FIGURE TYPICAL WAVEFORMS FOR REPEAT CYCLE TIMER FIGURE FREE RUNNING FREQUENCY OF REPEAT CYCLE TIMER WITH VARIATION IN CAPACITANCE AND RESISTANCE 150 10 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) MINIMUM PULSE WIDTH (ns) Typical Performance Curves TA = -55oC 100 0oC 25oC 70oC 50 125oC TA = 125oC 25oC 50oC 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 MINIMUM TRIGGER (PULSE) VOLTAGE (x V+) (NOTE) 2.5 FIGURE MINIMUM PULSE WIDTH vs MINIMUM TRIGGER VOLTAGE 7.5 10 12.5 15 FIGURE SUPPLY CURRENT vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 2.0 10.0 TA = -55oC 1.6 OUTPUT VOLTAGE - LOW STATE (V) SUPPLY VOLTAGE - OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) NOTE: Where x is the decimal multiplier of the supply voltage 25oC 1.2 125oC 0.8 0.4 5V ≤ V+ ≤ 15V V+ = 5V TA = -55oC 25oC 1.0 125oC 0.1 0.01 10 100 SOURCE CURRENT (mA) 10 SINK CURRENT (mA) FIGURE OUTPUT VOLTAGE DROP (HIGH STATE) vs SOURCE CURRENT FIGURE 10 OUTPUT VOLTAGE LOW STATE vs SINK CURRENT 8-7 100 CA555, CA555C, LM555, LM555C, NE555 Typical Performance Curves (Continued) 10.0 V+ = 10V TA = -55oC 1.0 25oC 125oC 125oC V+ = 15V OUTPUT VOLTAGE - LOW STATE (V) OUTPUT VOLTAGE - LOW STATE (V) 10.0 25oC 0.1 -55oC 1.0 125oC 25oC TA = -55oC 0.1 0.01 0.01 10 100 10 SINK CURRENT (mA) 100 SINK CURRENT (mA) FIGURE 11 OUTPUT VOLTAGE LOW STATE vs SINK CURRENT FIGURE 12 OUTPUT VOLTAGE LOW STATE vs SINK CURRENT 1.100 NORMALIZED DELAY TIME 1.000 0.990 0.980 2.5 7.5 10 12.5 15 17.5 1.005 0.995 0.985 -75 -50 -25 FIGURE 13 DELAY TIME vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE 250 TA = -55oC 150 oC 100 25oC 70oC 50 125oC 50 75 100 FIGURE 14 DELAY TIME vs TEMPERATURE 300 200 25 TEMPERATURE (oC) SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) PROPAGATION DELAY TIME (ns) NORMALIZED DELAY TIME TA = 25oC 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 MINIMUM TRIGGER (PULSE) VOLTAGE (x V+) (NOTE) NOTE: Where x is the decimal multiplier of the supply voltage FIGURE 15 PROPAGATION DELAY TIME vs TRIGGER VOLTAGE 8-8 125 ... CA555, CA555C, LM5 55, LM5 55C, NE555 TA = 25oC, V+ = 5V to 15V Unless Otherwise Specified (Continued) Electrical Specifications CA555, LM5 55 PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS CA555C, LM5 55C, NE555... capacitor rapidly and drives the output to its low state 8-5 CA555, CA555C, LM5 55, LM5 55C, NE555 V+ RESET R1 680 TA = 25oC V+ = 5V EO CA555 CAPACITANCE (µF) 10 1N4001 10K CT 100 5V 4.7K 0.01µF 680...CA555, CA555C, LM5 55, LM5 55C, NE555 Absolute Maximum Ratings Thermal Information DC Supply Voltage
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