Road traffic injuries of children

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Ngày đăng: 07/09/2017, 11:26

L/O/G/O Road traffic injuries of children Trần Thị Anh – Nhóm Epidemiology Consequences MENU Risk factors Interventions Epidemiology Epidemiology In the world (1) In Vietnam About 12 000 people died and 20 000 About 262 000 child deaths among children and youth aged 0–19 years – almost 30% of all injury were injured due to traffic accidents, of deaths among children as a result of road traffic which 35% are children According to WHO One child is killed in a accident, every three minutes in the world These deaths on the roads account for nearly 30% of all deaths among children 2 Consequences Severity of road traffic injuries per 100 000 population among children aged 0–17 years, in five Asian countries 300 250 Rate per 100 000 children 200 150 100 50 Missed school Hospital 1–9 days Hospital 10+ days Permanent disability Death - Road traffic injuries are one of the five leading causes of disability for children - Significant numbers of children required hospitalization or missed school as a result of their injuries Source: Reference 3 Risk factors Environmental factors Vehicle-related factors Childrelated factors Haddon Matrix applied to the risk factors for road traffic injuries among children Child factors Vehicle and safety equipment Physical environment Socioeconomic environment Pre-event Age; gender; lack of supervision Event Post-event ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc Lack of roadworthiness of vehicle; Poor road design; lack of public Poverty; single-parent family; poor lighting; poor state of brakes; transport; no safety barriers; poor maternal education; lack speeding; overloading lack of alcohol laws of awareness of Text in Text in here here risks among caregivers Size and physical Child restraints and seat-belts not Roadside objects such as trees Lack of safety culture in the development of child; lack of fitted or incorrectly used; and poles car equipment to protect bicycle and motorcycle helmets not occupants used Child’s lack of resilience; Difficult access to victim; lack of Lack of availability of adequate Lack of culture of supporting lack of access to appropriate trained health-care pre-hospital care, acute care injured people health care and on the road and rehabilitation 4 Interventions (3,5) Effective Utilizing appropriate child restraints and Forcing a reduction of speed around seat-belts schools, residential areas, play areas Strengthening regional safety for pedestrians crossing the road Wearing motorcycle and bicycle helmets Introducing minimum drinking-age laws References Peden M et al., eds World report on road traffi c injury prevention Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/road_traffic/world_report/en/index.html,accessed 22 January 2008) Economic Commission for Europe Glossary of transport statistics, 3rd ed New York, NY, United Nations Economic and Social Council, 2003 (http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp6/pdfdocs/glossen3.pdf,accessed 23 February 2008) World Health Statistics 2008 Geneva, World Health Organization, 2008 (http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/2008/en/index.htm, accessed 20 June 2008) Mathers C, Loncar D Updated projections of global mortality and burden of disease, 2002–2030: data sources, methods and results Geneva, World Health Organization, 2005 Kopits E, Cropper M Traffi c fatalities and income growth.Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2005, 37:169–178 L/O/G/O Thank You! ... three minutes in the world These deaths on the roads account for nearly 30% of all deaths among children 2 Consequences Severity of road traffic injuries per 100 000 population among children... Death - Road traffic injuries are one of the five leading causes of disability for children - Significant numbers of children required hospitalization or missed school as a result of their injuries. .. aged 0–19 years – almost 30% of all injury were injured due to traffic accidents, of deaths among children as a result of road traffic which 35% are children According to WHO One child is killed
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