Lecture Requirement engineering Chapter 7 Requirement management

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Lecture Requirement engineering Chapter 7 Requirement management. This chapter presents the following content Requirement management, requirements change factors, traceability, traceability across the life cycle,...  Requirement ManagementRequirement Management is a process to organize and manage Requirement to ensure all requirements are satisfactorily implemented and accepted Requirements Management Change control Version control Requirements tracing Requirements status tracking  Proposing changes  Analyzing impact  Making decisions  Updating requirements documents  Updates plans  Measuring requirements volatility  Defining a version identification scheme  Identifying requirements document versions  Identifying individual requirement versions  Defining a possible requirement statuses  Recording the status of each requirement  Reporting the status distribution of all requirements  Defining links to other requirements  Defining links to other system elements  Requirements errors, conflicts, and inconsistencies May be detected at any phase (when requirements are analyzed, specified, validated, or implemented)  Evolving customer/user knowledge of the system When the requirements are developed, customers/users simultaneously develop a better understanding of what they really need  Technical, schedule, or cost problems Difficult to plan and know everything in advance We may have to revisit the list of requirements and adapt it to the current situation  Changing customer priorities, new needs  Requirements traceability refers to the ability to describe and follow the life of a requirement  Traceability Provide a traceability analysis or matrix which requirements, design specifications, and validation Providing the links necessary for determining where information is located links  Traceability It demonstrates the relationship between design inputs and design outputs It ensures that design is based on predecessor, established requirements It helps ensure that design specifications are appropriately verified, that functional requirements are appropriately validated  Traceability Requirement R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 Depends-on R3, R4 R5, R6 R4, R5 R2 R6  Risk Assessment (Initial and Ongoing Activities) Trace potential risks to their specific cause Trace identified mitigations to the risk Trace specific causes of software-related risk to their location in the software  Requirements Analysis and Specification Trace Software Requirements to User Requirements Trace Child Requirements to their Parent Requirement Trace Software Requirements to hardware, user, operator and software interface requirements  Design Trace Architectural Design to Software Requirements Trace Design Interfaces to hardware, user, operator and software interface requirements Trace Detailed Design to Architectural Design  Source Code Analysis Trace Source Code to Detailed Design Specifications Trace unit tests to Source Code and to Design Specifications  Integration Test Trace integration tests to Architectural Design  System Test Trace system tests to Software Requirement Specifications Use a variety of test types Design test cases to address concerns such as robustness, stress, security, recovery, usability, etc Use traceability to assure that the necessary level of coverage is achieved  The requirements baseline is the set of functional and nonfunctional requirements that the development team has committed to implement in a specific release  At the time the requirements are baseline – typically following formal review and approval – they are placed under configuration management  During project planning, a PM decides which process is to be followed for handling change requests  Because change requests have cost implications, it is necessary to have a clear agreement  Some requirements problem is identified Could come from an analysis of the requirements, new customer needs, or operational problems with the system Log the changes in CR form  The proposed changes are analysed Perform an impact analysis on the work products Estimate the effort needed for the change requests Re-estimate the delivery schedule Perform a cumulative cost impact analysis Review the impact with senior management if thresholds are exceeded Obtain customer sign-off The change is implemented: Rework work products through its life cycle ... Requirement Management  Requirement Management is a process to organize and manage Requirement to ensure all requirements are satisfactorily implemented and accepted Requirements Management. .. software-related risk to their location in the software  Requirements Analysis and Specification Trace Software Requirements to User Requirements Trace Child Requirements to their Parent Requirement. .. scheme  Identifying requirements document versions  Identifying individual requirement versions  Defining a possible requirement statuses  Recording the status of each requirement  Reporting
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